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$9^5^* ^^^^ 



HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




FROM THE BBQUBST OF 

CHARLES SUMNER 

CLASS OP 1830 

Senator from Massadmxtts 

FOS BOOKS RELATING TO 
POLinCS AND riNB ASTS 



£4 



dSnnt ifi^lritiim if tjit SKnrlta af Soiimitni iif all 'Mum, 

1851. 



OFFICIAL 

DESCRIPTIVE AND ILLUSTRATED 

CATALOGUE. 



i^^^S. 




CntmniiBiim. 



/jV TffJi^E rOLVMES. 

^ -^ '/ 
VOL IL 

Section nl.— MANUFACTURES, Classes 11 to 29. 

SECnos IV.— FINE ARTS, Class 30. 

COLONIES. 



LONDON: 
SPICER mtOlnERS, WEOLESiLE STATIOSEHS; V. CLOTOS A.\D SUSS, PRI.\TE11S: 

3» NEW BRIDGE STREET, BLACKFRIARS, AND AT THE EXHIBITION BVII.DIMl. 




^^^'"^S^S^^^^.^ 






urt^ 



LONDON; PRINTED BT WIIXIAM CLOWES AMD 80M8, 

mnrrsRa to mm motax. oommz««xoii, 

STAMFORD STREET AMD CHARIMO CROSS. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME THE SECOND. 



UNITED KlNGDOM.-€LABSEa U to 30. 



■ It to 19. 
II. Cotton 

12 k 15. Woollen uid Woratod 

IS SilkVelTW »i>d 

14. FUx and HaiQp 

16- Lumliua. Swldlery and Unriie*!), Bo»t« and 

SlioM. Skin*. Fur, wd H&ir .... 
IT. f^t**- Printing, and Bookbindkig . - 
II. Wvno, Felted, and Laid Fabrics, VjeA and 

Prinl«d (iacludingDeaigiu) .... 
n. Tipoftij, CarpeU, Floor-dottu, Lace, and 

Embroldviy 

H. Articla of Clothing for imiiiBdiata, penuniLl, 



SI. CallMj, Edge and Huid Tooln .... 
93- Oownl Rardware. including Locks and Orattn 
n. Worki iu Prectoui) UetkU, Jairellei;, &c. . 



a*. GlsBa • 69' 

25. China, Porroliun, EwrtbenwaTB, &c. . . ■ TOB 

26. Furniture, Upholatery, Paper HangingB, 

Decorative Cmlings, Pupiar Maubd, and 
Japanned Oooda 729 

27. UuDufiictures in Minonil SiibctiutceB, for 

Building nr DodratioQ ,-.,.. TG3 
-J8. Hiuiufaclurea from Animid and Vegelablu 

Subatanees, notbaingWav,?nDrFelte.l . 777 

29, MiBcclluieous Manti&ctures and Small Witrea 789 

3ect, IV.— FikbAbts:— Cijss30. 

30. Sculpture, Models, uid Plastic Art, Mosaic ■. 

Enamels, &c S19 

Miacellanoout objects of interest placed in the 
Main Avenue of the Building, not cloaaifiod , 841 



BBITISH COLONIES AND. DEPENDENCIES. 



Canada 

Cejlon ...... 

Cbaonel lalaada ■ 

Eiat Indie* 

Eaatem ArchipaUgo . 
Falkland Ulanda . . . 

Oibnltar 

OoldCowtMtd AahaotM. 
Qnoada 



Halta 943 

Hamitiui 956 

Hontaamt ...... 9Te 

Mewfoundlaad 971 

New Bnukswick .... 969 

New South Wain . . . 98B 

NewZwUnd 1000 

Nova Scotia 9T0 

South Afiioa 949 

Sooth Australia 991 

St. Helena 955 

St. Eitt'a 9?6 

St. Tinoant 975 

Trinidad . 973 

Tan Diaman'a I^nd 993 

WMtamAfrioa 953 



^^^^^^ 


^^^^^M 


^^f^^^ 


^^^^^^m 


1^^ s.c^m. g^ 


^H c..^n. ^^ 



COTTON. 



INTRODUCTION. 

AiTOTHZB and third Section of the EihiHtion is introdnoed by this Class, which includea the Manuractnre of 
Cotton. ThisSection cuntemplatcs those results uf human industry whidi natumlly succeed to the Sections of 
Raw Hateri&ls »nd Machiaery. The substance to bo operated upon having been considered, together with llie 
mccluuiiaJ aaBistonoe neoenary to orry forward the proccasea through which it has to pass in its progress 
fnim the raw material to the manufactured article, it now becomes an interesting study to turn attention to 
the product of the industry occupied in the preceding departmcnta. While objects in the first Section may be 
nr/arded as in a passive or invparatory Btat«, objects in the second must be considered in an active, and in the 
third in a complete condition, awaiting only their application to the purposes of life. This condition generally 
rrodeis the articles contuned within tiiie Section less attractive than in the preceding and succeeding Sections. 
Rij^tly viewed, however, objects in this Section must receive a degree of attentive consideration not inferior to 
(hat bestowed on the furmrr. The manufactured article may and should be rej^arded as the test of the pei^ 
fection, Gnrt, of the raw material conatituting its foundation, and, secondly, of the mechanical arrangements 
co-oneralivc in its pruduction. If the raw material has been wanting in any of the [noperties for which it ia 
emiiloyod in the preparation, or if the manufacturing machinery has been defective m operation, the manu- 
bctored article offers, in many cases, certain evidence of these facts. And, conversely, the purity and perfect 
fitnen of the material, with a state of efficiency in the manufacturing machinery, combine to produce a certain 
superiority in the manufacture which may bo generally -ascerttuned upon its mreful examination. 

TIm: sulijitt of tlie Claws more iminoiiiatcly under notice, the Cotton Manufacture, recfives, from its vast im- 
(■•natici', allrsl|ioiuti(iniuiiiin;rmauufacturcilnrticles. Itcomjiriscs — A. ('i)ttou,Ynm,n)id Thread; B. Calioes, 
Mu-h ni Shntinmi, LiHiu-cli<tbB, Shirtings, &c. ; 0. ("ords and ISeaverteens ; 1). Muslins, as Cambric and 
Jw-nt-t, tVured, Striixil, >Vr. ; Shawls, UandlicrchicfR, &c. ; K. Dimities for Furniture, Quilting, &c. ; F. 
C.>li>iii:il \Vi.ven Coiidn. Handkerchiefs. I.iin<:liains, &c. ; G. Olliil Calicoes, &c. 

'I'll'- nutiJ.T of Kxliibitoni in this Class ia nut lar;;e, and their prwluctiiiiw will lie fonnd ffmujieil li)<:cthcr in 
Ar.as I. .1. rn.m 1 to K, ai the North- wcst.Tti end of the liuildinj:, on the (in>und fUor, near the Save. 

Viiri..us iiiulliO"l» of manufacture arc illustraUil which must rtci'ivu the nolice of those concern wl in this 
iii.I"'rt.iiil di-inrli Lieut of ci>niiiieicial activity. 'ITie fitness of wjme nrticli's, also, for the i>eculinr markets for 
wiii.ii ih.-y an- fjufially pniflreil aum;<iils, even to the casual olisen'er, interesting: n-lli-etions on thediirerent 
JpI,! -\<h\ H'liilitious of ("liow ic.r whinii these articles are manufactured. Iliere art; several new ap]>iicntions of 
I- iti.'ti t<i ii'<Ltik' iiunnveA. Tlic most instructive {>arts of this collection, to lliosc who have Ui> technical intcrcs 
ill ii. an; tli^pst- which o-Tilain arranged t|K.-eimens in illustration of the sIi^ks of manufacture. Tlie n 
lieiiini.f tlmnil is thus rcpresi-iitui fniui the raw cotton to its completed crmditii 
c.r'l'iUy arran^vl which contains illustrations of the projtress of liie nianufiiclnro 
i,.,ii. n.ii t..ihv linislied n.'siillK in the coarse and fine dqiarlments of the tnide. One of t lie wonderful obji^cta 
oMniii"! ill iliis Cla-ss is a nwuicn of muslin miulu from No. 5,408 cotlon-vani, Mievtsl to In; the finest ever 
111*1.-. llial iiiaehineTy rouM be Inriusiit to the- dt-jrec of delicate moveniei'it, and pr.i-ise and accnmte ailnpt- 
r.ti'^i |.) Ilie sleiidtr lualerials of wliicli this muslin is comi-osed, may well lie eonsidead n great industrial 



k' has also lieen 






i)f the ciiltjin m.imifacltirc in (ircnt Britain jti 
il, within Ibf' 



■leral faets of th 
rval of time, i>n)ji"rtioi 



md n^la 



utai:tiire may U- jusilv n^arildl as nn evidence of the incehaiiieal (wjialii lilies of 
i i-....iiTitry. .\ iiitU' U-lnri' thei'-iiiiiiii-iiciiiieiit uV tlie prewiit ci-iitury il wai in il« inlanry. Due liy one tho 
■.T' at ii,..l.iii.ica! difiimllii-s attfiiilinl ii[«in its ].iTservalion were resolvcil. The Mpiiiniim-fraiiic «an su^iin-stdl 
)y .III a.ild.'tit,s|>iiinini: by niller^ uax twice abaniloned, and Iluii siieaWully aeciiuipliHlicil ; the first niulo 
^■■rk"l iri all a'lie, the fint spiiiiiiiiii-jeimy in a cott^K'. Haiyrt'avcs and Comptun were imir «eav(-r»; 
A.-l;»ri.:l.t »a» ii liirl.r'» n|iiireniiee. '! he U-:;iniiin:J ol this stui-emli'ns m.-uiufnetun^ was truly iiisi^niilicanl, 
:i:.'! o4.tr.wt* wi.ii.l.rfiiliv nilh its jinsenl jumrimi. 

'1 1- f"l!..-.iii,L; Malislic's f.inii dat.i by whiih IhiM manufactuiv in it« |.n-«nl slate niny lie dulv eslimale.1 : — 
T.. -.v.-riji. annual imjorls have l«in esHmated at alrtul r,r)0,fMX\0(XI 11«. wei-ht, exclusive of ili-hietii-ns for 
- .[..ftji. 1 'f ilii^ .[uaiilliy ,'f(f),0(Kt,0<iO ll». are employed in niniiufaelure, the annual value of the raw nmlerial 
tl,:iii ii!i|.liiy,.l \KWi abuul U-u millions slerlin^, Akiut thirteen uiillioiis sti'riiu;; are luimmlly j-niil a»ay lu 



ill.) 



I Irjj-si 



CAT.M 



480 



CJlass 11.— cotton. 
Arbas I. J. 1 to 8. 



r United 



machinery, &c., for the manufacture of this material, and about the same amount in wages to the |)er8on8 
directly employed in the factories, of whom the total number is taken at upwards of half a million, exclusive 
of 80,000 or 90,000 engineers and machinists immediately connected with the manufacture. The total annual 
value of the manufactured material has been approximatively represented at about thirty-six millions sterling. 
The effect on the populaticm of the manufacturing districts has not been less surprising. 

Although, therefore, little of external interest appears to belong to a bundle of cotton-yam or a piece of 
calico, the study of its manufacture, exclusive of the exquisite mechanism by which it is operated upon, and 
the statistical facts which link themselves with its history, can never be unptofitable. The moral considerations 
connected with cotton factories form a subject of even higher interest and importance. — R. £. 



1 Jackson, Johk, 73 Adam Square, Edinburgh — 

Weaver and Producer. 

1. Fine wool shawl, wove on the Spolino or loop prin- 
ciple, to show that this mode of weaving is applicable for 
figured wool shawls of the finest description. 

2. Fine wool long shawl. 

3. Edinburgh-made woven shawl. 

2 Sandeman, Hectob, Tulloch Bkachfield, Perth — 

Manufacturer. 
Cotton and lawn printed handkerchiefifi; showing an 
improved red colour, obtained from the stalks of the 
BMt munjithi, commonly called East Indian munjeet. 
One large bed-coverlet, in which the colours of black, red^ 
and chocolate are dyed with munjeet. 

[The Rubia eordifolia, also called Rubia munjUha, and 
by the natives of India munge^th, isa species of madder, 
furnishing a fine dye, much used in the hill districts of 
India.— E. F.] 

3 Walker, James & Robert, EarUtown, Melrose 

— Manufacturers. 
Cotton ginghams for female dresses, of fast colours; 
hand-loom wrought; yard wide. 

4 PuiXAR, Robert, & Sons, Perth — Manufsusturers. 

Umbrella and fiuicy ginghams; handkerchiefe; and 
woollen Derries. 

5 AuLD, Berrib, & Mathieson, Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Book muslins, several pieces, each 12 yards long, 39 
inches wide. 

Several pieces of mull muslin; jaconet muslin; bishop 
lawn muslm, all of the same dimensions. 

Saocharilla book muslin, several pieces, each 16 yards 
long, 45 inches wide. 

^^latan book muslin, several pieces, each 16 yards 
long, 53 inches wide. 

Saocharilla mull muslin, three pieces, each 20 yards 
long, 45 inches wide. 

Harness book muslin, 8 yards long, 40 inches wide. 
Harness book muslin curtain, 56 inches wide, 3| yards 
long; 80 inches by 4 yards long, and 80 inches by 4 
yai^ long. 

Leno book muslin, samples of 27 inches wide 12 yards 
long. Harness book musUn curtains. 

6 M 'Bride & Co., Glasgow — Inventors and 

Manufacturers. 

Cotton table-cloths. Bird's-eye dii^r and huckaback 
towelling. Furniture and jean stripes. Ginghams, clan 
tartans, and ootton galas, and Hungarians and Derries, 
all made by patent power-loom. 

Specimens of table-cloths and tartans, made by the 
lame loom, the weft being from hemp, as prepared by 
Mr. Elijah Slock, of Redrew, Scotland, for improving 
hemp, as a substitute for cotton. 



7 Anderson, James & Alexander, Glasgot 

Manufacturers. 
Ginghams, checked and striped. Cra\'ats, checked 
muslin. Handkerchiefs, Turkey-red ground. Tartan 
muffler. Saxonies. 



8 FiNLAYSON, F., & Co., 25 Dwidas Street, Gla^ow — 

Maniifacturers. 

Coloured sprig and striped lappet muslins; white and 
coloiu*ed striped; coloured spot; coloured satin striped 
tarlatan; white sprig striped and spot lappet; coloured 
gauze striped. 

Lappet flounced muslin dresses. 

9 Lethem, Bltth, k Ijstheh, Friday Street, London; 

49 Virginia Street, Glasgow ; and Academy Street, 
Belfast — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of different fabrics of plain muslins, woven 
from the same quality of yam. Tamboured muslins for 
various articles of dress. Ginghams for dresses. 

10 & 45 Oswald, Stetenbon, & Co., Glasgow and 

Manchester — ^Merchants. 

Cotton yams, of various colours, dyed in the west of 
Scotland, in bundles for export. 

Cotton yams, of various qualities and fineness, spim in 
the west of Scotland, in bundles for export, arranged 
according to Manchester classification. 

Water twist. Mule twist. Fine yams. 

11 Paterson, Jamieson, & Co., 58 Dundas Street, 

Glasgow — Manufeuiturers. 
Ginghams and handkerchiefs of various styles and 
qualities; fabric all cotton, hand-woven, or printed. 

12 TouNO, J. H., & Co., Glasgow — Manufacturers. 
Fabrics suited for East India markets, consisting of 

bird-eye crape, plain and fimcy net, book and mull mus- 
lins, Saocharilla mull, fine Swiss lappets, white and 
coloiu^d. 

Fabrics suited for home, American, and continental 
markets: — Picquet leno, blue; plain amber; checked 
pink ; and striped green. Book muslin and Scotch lawn 
cambric handkercMefiEi. Victoria, bishop, and Nainsook 
lawns. Jaconets. Swiss mulls. India muUs. India 
book muslins; Swiss book muslins. Tarlatan. Scotch 
elastic mull. Starched mull. India ledger. Checked 
book ; striped book ; tamboured book ; tamboured jaco- 
net. Lappet spot. White and pink spot, lappet stripe. 
Loom-sewed spot, white and sprig, coloured ; drees made 
up of the same, with flounces. Paper harness sprig. 
Lappet sprig, stripe, and colonnade curtains. Harness 
leno ; sprig and bordered book ; and others. 

13 Henrt k Sons, 81 Buchanan Street, Glasgow, 

and 120 Chcapside — Manufikcturers. 

Embroidered merino dresses. Wliite tambour muslin 
dresses. Sprigged evening dresses, embroidered in the 
loom. Specimens of plain linen ginghams ; all exhibited 
for quality and price. 

In the embroidered merino dress marked A, there is 
only one repeat of the pattern from the bottom to the 
top of the skirt. 



14 Symington, Robert B., & Co., Glasgoi 

Manufacturers. 
Harness book muslin and harness leno muslin window- 
curtains, all woven in the Jacquard loom. The design is 
called the "Humboldt pattern," composed of tropical 
plants and flowers. 



.ChLA88 ll.--eOTTON. 

Am^as I. J. 1 TO 8. 



181 



liiiftiBriiliMlii in Imittttnii - irf Ttm^*»^ 



Bfrnimnrnai diMksd ootton ign^gtmnm, and elieeked 
•otloo igivati^ in Twiom qnalitits nod iIjImi. 

17 Datimoii, WmiAsft Jijos, ft Oo.^ Ohtsgo»^ 

Mranftkotufsii. 
flafinhMJlh book-muiUa. Sootehteriatanmudifi. Tmei- 
book-mmliiL 



18 



19 










«4 



iosaa 
20 



ftSmn^ Gar Htl yiiniiliM,iUir iii' H . 
Oatton diMinuid ginghamii. 
OoMon liiiiirla. Soida and robes. 
p," StdfM and " aroawTcn." Ihrad '« aalam- 
QrmMSm. Beoima. Twilled atripea. "IV 
"" — 9br htima oooaamption and ezpoftation. 



of aiz qnaliiieii^ made prino^ally 



21 



ft Co., CbrWi/# ManqfluitaregB. 
ShirtiQg ali^ei^ and afciiped and ohedced fiaoy ging- 



22 JjomraiAa ft Pabxsr, CarHrie yanufkctoiOT. 

Va ri a ti a a of g jngh a ma, cheeky atripea, poplina^ fte., for 
|ho boaaey fiite^gn, and colonial maixeta. 



Sampka of djed jFMii. 



24 



J<MU% ft Bnomis, iftffttoi Jf OZi, 



of raar cotton ; carded ootton ; different 

of rorings ; throstle yams on bobbins (patent 
spun) ; mule yams in cop and hank ; sewing thr«uls in 
hank, grey and bleached, of variou» numbers in 2, 3, 4, 
6, and 9 cord. Thread and crochet cotton wound on 
^lools. 

25 Hatthobm, Jonathan White, Nottingham and 
Trent MUis, Burton-cn- Trent — Manufacturer. 

Samples of sewing, knitting, and mending cotton. 

Lisle thread, white, and coloured, as used by glove and 
hoaiery manufacturers. 

Laos thread and doubled yams, as used for making 
and figuring Nottingham lace. 

Prepared ootton, white and coloured, as used by silk and 
ribbon manufacturers. 



26 Walbb & WiNDLKT, Nottingham — Manufacturers. 

Specimens of thrown silk, used in the manufacture of 
lace, hosiery, and gloves. The produce of India, Italy, 
and China. 



27 Thacbebat, John, & Sons, Nottingham — 

Manufacturers. 
Brown and white cotton gassed laced thread. Cotton 
Lisle and dressed ootton threads, in colours. Double- 
spun, or single cotton thread. Selvage threads. Warp- 
eotton-thread, gassed and ungassed; and other varieties. 

28 GaEENHALOB, RiCHARD, & SoNS, Mansfield— 

Manufacturers. 
Samples of doubled cotton yams, as used in the manu- 
facture of various descriptions of lace, gloves, hosiery, 
ribbons, cloths, and for sewing and knitting. 

2'J HABAia,W, S., Z^ACtff^— Patentee and Manufacturer. 
Reels exhibiting specimens of sewing cotton, and patent 
reels c m is tru cted to prevent imposition as regards the 
length of ootton upon each. 



30 Bawobth ft CMiFAifT, M<MlP<s^--|lalI^^ 
Samplaa of aiz-cord and other aewing cotton. 



81 0'Ck>znaBU^ Jo^edt, 27 8w^ Mam Strmi, Chrk— 

Mahnfkctorer. 
^eehnena of li nen and oOtton ging^Mu na. 

82 Claulb, J. P., King Street Mm, Lehetter— 

Maonfhotnrer* 
Biftent cmboaaed wood, n^tallio and other reela, coti^ 
taiidi^ Tuiona iengtha of two, three, aiz, and niiie-cdfd 
aewing cotton. Reela alao ahown in their diflinreni atagea 
of m aa nfa ctnre, from the ron^^ haael wood and matelto 
the highly-finished reels. 

33 Btahs, WAI.TBB, ft Co., l>arkp Jftftty, Der^jf-^ 



Sewing cotton of variona kinds^ made vp In dUfaranl 
Ibinna for use. 

34 Ratguff, KrB.| Waltham JUbey^Vtoinmr, 
White knitted oounterpanea. 

85 Baklow, Qooiddt, ft Jombs, .go/loi»— Mannfhctnwpi. 
Pieoea of figured cpiilting Teatinff ; whike quilting bed- 
cover, commonly called toilet quuta; coloiued qmlUng 
bed-cover; and white welted bed-cover, w#Brt quilta. 

86 BohLim, W., ft Co., PleaOey WMi, tamMmgfield, 

Nottmgham Minnltaliireri ' 
Merino, Caahmere, and ootton hoaieij jam. The ain- 
gle and two-threads are used in the midland counti«l in 
the manufisusture of hosiery, and tiie three-threada are 
genenlly bon^t for the Continent for knittings!, sad 
applied to hosieiy purposes there. 

87 Mabtxii, WnxiAK, ft Son, Sotto»— Maanfiwtnrera. 

Damaak diced and plahi finniturs dimity, fine bedi^ 
hsngings, cnrtaina, ftc. 

38 Co(«, W. W. ft J., lAtUe Lofton— HanufiMturers. 
Cut brocade muU, flounced dreaa, white, for ladies. 
Plaited brocade quilting skirts, white. Plaited brocade 

skirts, white. 

Welted brocade skirts, white. Brocade stripe. Cut 
brocade mull, in the piece, white. 

39 Myersoough, Steel, & Co., Bolton — ^Manufacturers. 
Counterpane — bed-cover. Quilting bed-cover, com- 
monly called toilet-quilt. Flue diamond quilting, for 
waistcoats. 

40 Barnes, Thomas, Famtoorth Cotton Mills, Bolton — 

Manufacturer. 

White Polynesian swansdown, combining fineness of 
back with considerable thickness of substance. 

Piece of moleskin in different stages, illustrating the 
progressive method of raising, dyeing, printing; and 
fiuishing a substitute for low woollen cloths. 

Piece of printed moleskin, pattern designed and regis* 
tered by the exhibitor; printed by John Jackson & Co., 
Manchester, and finished by John Whitehead's (of Elton) 
patent process of raising and finishing after dyeing and 
printing. 

41 Cross, J., Bolton — Manufacturer. 
Twilled long-cloth and shirting. 

42 SuDWORTH, Josiah, Z^orton— Manufacturer. 
Coimterpane, exhibited for weaving. 

43 Waters, J. & Co., Fountain Street, Manchester-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Small wares, knitting and reel cotton, ribbon wire, 
webbing, tapes, fringes, cotton-laces, bindings, &c. 

44 Chrioty & Sons, Fairfield Mills, near Mancfiester^ 

Manufacturers. 
Royal Turkish bath-towels. 

The novelty consists in the absorbing power of the 

2 Q 2 



482 



Class 11.— COTTON. 
Areas I. J. 1 to 8. 



[United 



surface, having a plush or looped surface on both sides, 
and in the patent mode by which this is accomplished on 
one or both sides. The great sofkness of tne cotton 
surface adepts it peculiarly for young children. The 
advantages of cotton towelling have been long appre- 
ciated in the Eastern baths. The linen nap or plush 
affords equal absorbency, and produces a sharper feeling 
to the skin, whilst the retaining of the cottnn groimd 
gives a pliancy of material which has long been a deside- 
ratum in towelling with a sharp rough surface. Produced 
by '' Holt's Bfttent." The texture is applicable to shawls, 
counterpanes, and other articles. 

40 Walker, William, 13 Mar8den*8 Square, 

Mtmc/iester — Manu£Eu;turer. 
Cotton cloth, vrith specimens in imitation of woollen 
broad cloth, havers, Witneys, &c. 

47 Cross, C, & Co., Corporation Street, Manchester — 

Manufacturers and Joint Patentees. 

Very wide doeskins, plushed on one side, and on both 
sides; lambskin; shoe linings; white twill; dyed cord; 
striped everlasting. 

Specimens of various articles of wearing i^yparel, with- 
out seams, produced by the exhibitors' patent machinery. 

48 JoHNBOK, Jabez, 44 Spring Oardens, Manchester — 

Manufacturer. 
White and coloured figiu^ wove quilting for vests. 
White diamond quilting for vests. 
White and coloured bed-covers. 
White and coloured toilette covers. 



49 3(ajor & OiLL, 49 Cannon Street, Manchester — 

Manufacturers. 
Patent double coutils and nankeen for stays, consisting 
of two cloths woven together, and stitched, during the 
process of weaving, at any interval of space required for 
the various patterns of stays. 

50 Glovkr & DuNN^ Manchester-^'Manyjiactuietn. 
Calicoes, &c., with examples of cotton in various stages 

of manufacture. India jaconets. Cambric of various 
qualities. 

Fine power-loom shirtings, finished in imitation of linen, 
having 140 by 160 threads in the square inch. 



61 Walmslbt, Henrt, Fir Mills, Failsurorth, near 

Manchester — Importer. 

Table-cloth manufactured by power. Materials — Ist, 
silk, in colours; 2nd, silk and worsted, in colours; Si'd, 
cotton and worsted, in colours; 4th, cotton only, in 
colours. In the centre is a view of the "Exhibition 
Building," 80 inches vride, 110 long, from the official 
design by Paxton, with emblematic borders representing 
Peace and Commerce with the nations; and a procession 
displaving the costumes of Europe, Asia» Africa, and 
America, en route to the Exhibition. 

Specimens of figured weaving by power, in different 
fabrics. 

Woven picture, in silk and in cotton, of the " Exhibi- 
tion Builmng," with emblematic borders; imitation of 
engraving. 

Goose's patent Jaoquard machine for producing table- 
cloths. 



52 Spencer, John, k Son, Marriotts Court, Manchester 
— Designers and Manufacturers. 

Cotton, white woven, fig^ured summer bed-quilt, quilted 
in the loom. 

Cotton, coloured woven, figured bed-quilt. 

Cotton, coloured woven, figured Dresden bed-quilt, 
quilted in the loom. 

Cotton, figured quilting hangings, for beds or windows; 
a new application of the mbric to this use. 

Quilting waistcoatings: white quilting figured waist- 
coat; and coloured woven quilting waistcoat — ^figured in 
the loom. 



53 Bazlet, Thomas, Manchester — Manufacturer. 

Case, containing illustrations of the transition progress 
of the manufacture of cotton, from the raw material to 
the finished results, in the coarse and fine departments of 
the trade. 

[No. 1 in the case is a sample of New Orleans cotton; 
No. 2, blown or cleaned cotton; No. 3, first carded; No. 
4, second carded; No. 5, drawing roving; Nos. 6, 7, and 
8, rovings; Nos. 9, 10, 11, and 12, cope and hanks, mule 
yams, No. 1 to 60; Nos. 13 and 14, throstle-yam, Nos. 
10 and 30; Nos. 15 and 16, shuttle cop-mule yam, Nos. 
30 and 120; Nos. 17 and 18, hosiexy yam, Nos. 5 and 50; 
Nos. 19 and 20, threefold sewing-thread, Nos. 20 and 40; 
Nos. 21 and 22, white and printed calico; Nos. 23 and 
24, white and printed fustian; No. 25, Sea Island cotton; 
No. 26, blown or cleaned cotton; No. 27, first carded; 
No. 28, second carded; No. 29, drawing roving; Nos. 30 
to 34, rovings ; Nos. 35 to 37, mule-yam, in cops and hanks, 
Nos. 200, 400, and 600; No. 38, cn^pe-yam. No. 100; 
No. 39, lace thread, two-fold. No. 200; No 40, sewing- 
thread, three-cord. No. 200; No. 41, sewing-thread, six- 
cord. No. 400; No. 42, sewing-thread, nine cord. No. 
600; Nos. 43 to 45, white, printed, and figured Scotch 
muslin; Nos. 46, 47, and 48, white, printed, and figured 
lace.] 

54 HoULDSwoRTH, Thos., & Co., Little Lever Street, 

Manchester — Cotton Spinners. 

Specimens of fine cotton yam, and of doubled yam, or 
fine cotton lace thread, arranged in segmental compart- 
ments. 

Specimens of the same Nos. of yam, and of thread, in 
han 



pec; 
ks. 



55 Johnson, Rorbrt, & Nephew, 95 Wailing Street — 

Importers. 

Book-muslin for curtains, figured in the Jacquard loom; 
the same, new design, palm and plantain tree alternate. 

Leno muslin, figured. 

Swiss manufacture, for curtains, embroidered on book- 
muslin; the same, on British net. 

InfBaif s long robes, and girl's frock, embroidered. 

56 Bradbury, Oreatorex, & Beau^ 6 Aldermanbury 

— Proprietors. 
Specimens of window curtains. 

57 Lincoln & Bennett, 2 Sackville Street, Piccadilly, and 
58 Union St., Borough — Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Hats vrith calico foundation. Drab hats for India, &c. 
Chess-table, &c., made of prepared calico, turned, 

carved, japanned, &c., in imitation of grained wood. 

58 RooBts, LowRET, HoLVLAND, & Co., 91 Wutling 

Street — Proprietors. 
Muslins manufactured in Scotland, denominated 
"Books," Swiss, Tarlatan, Nainsook, Mull, and Scotch 
cambric. 

59 Mair, Son, & Co., 60 Friday Street, London, and 163 

Ingram Street, Olasgow, 

Patent muslin window curtains, figured in the loom. 
The pattern and execution are obtained at reduced coat 
by a new arrangement of the Jacquard loom. 

Leno window curtain. 

Samples of muslin dresses, figured in the loom. 

Specimen of the finest plain muslin, manufieM;tured from 
No. 5408 cotton vam, spun by T. Houldsworth, Man- 
chester. Bleached by Jonn Wallace and Co. 

Scotch needle and tambour work, including embroidered 
merino and muslin dresses. 

Printed flannels, twilled bandannas, and cambric hand- 
kerchiefii. 

60 HoRROCKSES, Miller, k Co., 9 Bread Street 

— Manufacturers. 
Long cloths and twilled shirtings. 




■4 . 



Ammab L J. 1 to 8. 



«Bi 



61 



HEHrottftsiiis* 
diovlDff ili ftdmlatkni fer irinArir diwninrtftoin, 
and by wwwhlnw and Uoeka. 



and oottoB ilmniMrlnr Bufthi bvoeadw 



63 ]CABiE.A]IB^801l,ft00.,JH<^i(ii^i'l(l^^ 

Jfaiicta<ir^~Manii£M)taeis. . 
Oooiioi and aeidng cotton. 



Pkodiioan, 
fl^»eoimana of aoiled and frded aalinBy &jtd, and 

65 AuMH, n,, SaohfUU Street, DMbUi^2rodx»o«. 
I!E«e labour ooltoB gooda. 




mitMkf oiHiSm oooneby, it »agr ni9t ba 
ta Msa a tapid i^anoa ad ila Uatoiy and 
UfawofOijofiaBM^ tiiattbanHBa <'Oot- 
Maa ''Oolnol»''ibstfiAkblagb«a 
ta tba Ifaiifc alolUng fiAiob WW poi iipoB a&an; 
ii laaaoB to balkva» ibai tbk flMo mn an^ 
fi oi y i d fo ibai poxpoaa in tba BMt^ ad a my nmoto 
na «' ftna Ifnan** of JB^Sjpl k aa^toemaisr andanl; 
I ''ftna ooMott'' of India lirala ft in anticpdfy, 
andvUHlj. fha micwiaoopie oan Hni nat i on of tfia 
of ^»a Uiki^ iwMBify mada in ofdar to da- 
of nuanmj-olotb (wbkh ia nnqnaa- 
iianably Ifna^ baa piwrad ibai ib^ an aventiaUj 
in tem; iba fihraa.of linan bab^ egrlindrioal 
ai aaob and, and iba ttbfoa of ootion baing 




tba Hfndo oa , from wlioai wa daiiTa iba knowladga of 
' fltoN^ bara noi onJ^fniada ootton dotb from 
moriat batbafaaxoalladallotbarnailonaavan 
toMidny, bibadalioafljofibeirfrbiioa. Harodoioi 
~ na ii aa iba iMimwmH wutirftig <« Tn^ffa. and it k 

of by Aifian and Siraboaa wall known. GofeloiM 
aiiidaa of trade and of dreas in RuaBia in 1252; and 
genendly lued by the Chinese in 1316. Ck>tton 
cloth WM brooght to London in 1590, from Benin; and 
it was aaoortained about a century previouB, to have been 
the diief article of drefls among the Mexicans. Its manu- 
CKtoze was originally brought to Europe by the Moors of 
Spain; but it was not till after the establishment of their 
oofnmaroe with India, that the Dutoh began to fabricate 
cotton cloths at home. The Protestants, driyen by perse- 
eotion from the Netherlands, brought this manufacture 
to Kngfand in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 

Oar ordinary cotton fiibrics haye their counterpart in 
tbe original manufactures of India; and the native mus- 
lins of Dacca in Bengal still rival the productions of the 
azquinte machinery of England. The former have ob- 
tained their superiority from the skill acquired by manual 
dazlarity transmitted through a long lapse of ages; the 
latter, firom that of little more than half a century of well- 
axardaed merhaniral ingenuity. The various kinds of 
cotton fidirics brought from India, were originally distin- 
gnialfted by the names of the places where they were made ; 
as, jaconets, mullmuls, betelles, tarlatans, tanjeebs, 
bvkea, terridams, doreas, &c. Imitations of these by 
oar manufactursrs retain their names ; and additions 
and changes are made according to the improvemente in- 
trodooed. 

Tbe two great emporiums of the cotton manufacture 
are M an rhe ater and Glasgow; the former having Bolton 
for its aasiBtant, in the production of muslins and the 
finer sort of goods; and the latter. Paisley. Both these 
dties have risen, in consequence of the wealth produced 
by tbair m a nuf a c tures, from the position of third-rate 
towns, and known only by historical associations, to the 



noik of being aaoond in iba ^^afgiam, and bonomabla 
livabi in magnitoda and importnoa. fba paiianHSKda 
of Manoiieatar gooda wblob baifa baaa aeni ovnr to iba 
Conlinoni by aoma aminent manufrotaran^ bava ai timea 
aodiiblted apacdmena of 1^500 diiforant kinda of ooitaii 
maBofroiaia, yaiying in fabirio and daiigny from iba 
ooafaeat doth to iba finaat mnalina; andin oolonn, from 
iba liahaatdiista to the pkinaai gooda. Tbaiann^'lfHa* 
diaaiar and OkigQwr Waiahooaay'' aibiUiad on a tigBr 
board in London and olbar iowna in^tidaooantry, indl- 
oataa iliat all kinda of ootton gooda ara to ba obtdnad of 
iba exhibitom. 

Thia .ganaral name of calico baa baan iqppliad to ibfe 
plain wliito doth mannfantnged fkom ootton^ ftcm iba 
ebeomatanoa of tbia artida having ba«i ftrat in^oftad 
from GaUeni^ in 1631, tiia plaoa of ita origfaial and prind- 
pd mannfrctora. Aa calico inoraaaea in ita quality and 
atreogthy it k oallad long-dotb, dnofc, and donbla waiyl 
OaliooHibirting or twine-dotb li made to indtata and 
au^araada linen; and in patant-twiaty iba yam ia mova 
doaalyantwinad than in oonunon calico. 8 h a nti ng-oaUoo| 
aa its name impUaa, is a anbatitnto for linan-d ie a tSag, and 
ia prafiBmbla on aooonni of its cfaaapnaaa and warmtii. 
Printed calicoes, or prints, at first the imitations of thoaa 
of India, are now produced in patterns of an indefinite 
variety every year. Calicoes are frequently impregnated 
with a made paste of spoiled flour called " the dressing," 
which renders it difficult to ascertain their quality. This 
dressing is given merely to improve their appearance. 

The peculiar style of printed calico, called chintz, ori- 
ginally from India, and in which the figures are at least 
of five different colours, impressed upon a white or 
coloured ground, are now made by our own manufac- 
turers with great success, aa to beMity of design and 
richness of colour. The invention and the drawing of 
patterns for printing alone gives employment to artists 
of a peculiar class; and the variety produced is immense, 
in order to satisfy the perpetual demand for change pro- 
duced by fashion. 

It is to the production of fine muslins, that the chief 
efforte of our cotton manufacturers have been directed, 
with a view to excel the wonderfully delicate and light 
fabrics of India. It is stated that the turbans of some 
of the rich Mohammedans at Delhi were made of muslin 
so fine that thirty ells did not weigh four ounces; and 
that some of their broad webs might be drawn through a 
ring of moderate size, the tissue being so exquisite that 
it seemed more like the work of insects than of men, re- 
sembling in the language of Elastem hyperbole, "the 
woven wind.'* The threads of a specimen of this manu- 
facture in the Museum of the East India Company, when 
examined with the microscope, were found though spun 
only by the distaff and spindle, to sxirpass our machine- 
made muslin in fineness, but to be inferior in regularity. 
Twenty yards of the yam of which this muslin was made 
weighed only a grain; and a pound of it would have 



484 



Class 11.— COITON. 
Areas I. J. 1 to 8. 



reached the length of 115 miles. In England yam has 
been spun so fine, that a pound would extend to 167 
miles in length; but this could not be woven by our 
machinery. The price of the Dacca muslin has been, when 
brought to this country, from 10 to IQ guineas per yard. 
By the employment of machinery, and the division of 
labour, we are enabled to produce muslin much cheaper 
than the Hindoos, and even of finer texture; but their 
muslin is richer, softer, and more durable, and still 
maintains its reputation. The same may be.said of their 
calicoes, ginghams, and chintsses, which form the staple 
conmiodity of the Circars. Though nearly driven out of 
the European markets by cheap and successful imitations, 
they are still preferred in the East, where the merchants 
consider that they are able to distinguish by the touch, 
and even by the smell, the genuine productions of the 
Indian loom. 

Varieties of muslin are jaconet, a light kind of muslin, 
open and soft, but stouter than the mull : the name is 
supposed to be a corruption of Jaghemout, the place 
where they were made; it is used for dresses, neckcloths, 
'ftc« Nainsook is a thicker sort of jaconet, plain and 
striped. Mull muslin is a very thin and soft kind, used 
for dresses, trimmings, &c. Seerhand is between nain- 
sook and mull, and particularly adapted for dresses, 
retaining its clearness after washing. Buke muslin is a 
plain clear kind, woven for working in the tambour. 
Foundation muslin is open-worked, used for stiffening 
dresses and bonnets. Leno is thinner and clearer than 
buke muslin; a sort of cotton gauze, used for window 
blinds. Cambric Tnimlin ig an imitation of cambric, a 
linen fabric; it is sometimes glazed, white and coloured 
for linings, and twilled, figured, striped, or corded. Cord 
and fancy checks, are cambric muslins with stripes and 
cords placed chequer-wise, by thick threads being intro- 
duced into the warp or weft. Figured muslins are 
wrought in the loom to imitate the tamboured muslins, 
which are embroidered by hand on the tambour. Glasgow 
is the chief seat of the tamboured muslins. Of cotton 
cambric there are two kinds; that used for dresses, white 
or printed, made chiefly in Lancashire ; and that used for 
the same purposes as French cambric, made chiefly in 
Qlasgow. 

Cotton damasks, huckabacksy and diapers, are made in 
imitation of articles of the same name in linen; they are 
cheaper, but less durable in fabric and in whiteness. 
Cotton ticks are plain and twilled, in imitation of linen 
ticks; and there is a kind called union tick, composed of 
linen and cotton. Gingham is a thin chequered cotton. 
Coimterpanes, a oomipiion of counterpoint, have small 



protuberances arranged according to various patterns. 
ICarseilles quilts are more elegant than the former; it is 
a double cloth, with a third of softer material between, 
kept in its place by the quilting done in the loom. Cotton 
quilting is made for waistcoat-pieces, resembling diaper. 
Jean is a twilled cotton, both striped and white. Satin 
jeans are woven like satin, with a smooth glossy surface, 
and are used for stays, shoes, &c. Dimity, an article well 
known, is made striped or plain; now much used for 
curtains. Fustian is a coarse twilled cotton, compre- 
hending several varieties, as corduroy, jean, velveret, 
velveteen, thickset, thickset cord, and other stout cloths 
for men's wearing apparel. Common plain fustian is 
called pillow; when of a strong twilled texture, and 
cropped before dyeing, it Ib called moleskin; and when 
shorn after dyeing, it is called beaverteen. 

Cotton goods, particularly the finer fiU^rics, as muslins 
and bobbin-net laoe, are subjected to a process by which 
the downy fibres of the web as it comes from the loom 
are removed, and the fabric is presented in a more 
finished state of manufacture. This process formerly 
consisted in passing the web in its whole width rapidly 
over and near to the upper surface of a semi-cylindrical 
piece of red-hot iron placed horizontally, by which the 
fibres projecting from the surface were consumed in a 
moment, while the fabric itself passed unhurt over the 
burning mass. Had the machinery by which this was 
effected been suddenly stopped before Uie web was raised 
from its perilous position, the whole would have been 
enveloped in flames. 

This method of singeing muslin, which was practised 
at Glasgow and in Lancashire, has been in some factories 
superseded by Hall's patent process, which consists in 
the application of gas to effect the same purpose as the 
red-hot iron. The latter is replaced by a tube similarly 
placed, and perforated in its upper side with niunerous 
small holes as jets through which the gas passes. When 
the gas is ignited, the muslin is passed rapidly over the 
flame in a manner similar to that already mentioned. 
Improvements were introduced into this process by the 
patentee, by which a draught of air is created over the 
series of jets when acting as burners; and the web being 
then rapidly passed over these burners, the air forces 
the flame of the gas through the interstices of the fabric, 
and all the loose and projecting fibres of the thread com- 
posing the web are instantaneously consumed as before, 
without in the least injuring its substance or texture. 
The application of this process creates the distinction 
between gassed and ungassed goods. — R. W.] 




VOOUEH ASH WORSTED. 



IKTKODtJCTION. 

■ Chaw vUA an ben vnitod iepKba us m> tmtod in oaueqiiegMe of Um pcMtfaal diffionltiw MtaidMit 
nan AHr«pHatknb(ing ngmttM tonndaritadViMdMentbtr to indiide the ol^feeti amlnoed l; belk 
dUaH Bidv aM gvcnl midoo. Tbo sunnbotam at woollot and wonted goodt «mi icaraaly bs oonaideMft. 



B In thatof oattan,aniil 



III CImh 11 there an little n 



B Own rixtf 



•nkoM fa fte famar CbM I7 K , „ . 

^■■M, te'flMXhdtedCb^M*, 12 tad 16, Aen araaboatfive hmidred. Thia di^n^ovtioti ia tendered in pwt' 
aaea^itaUa tnr » doaer examinatkn of the CatakigDe, when it will he found that the great u^ori^ <H 11m 
BdUtea in Claaa 11 (Gottoa UanuiEMtiuva) are fMUjiprodnoers of the matariala tbe^ d%li7, wfaenas in Qm^ 
|Maat Chaaa manj an produoeia, but » vei; large janmbK are liiiiplf proprieton, or, in the oonuiianlal 
ipbU, Taateaof aneh materials— a daaa of penuu elwan nmnerically neater than the preoedinK. * 

CliH 13 MDbtaeea the foUowing cabdiTuioDa : — A.' Brnui Clothi ; B. Narrow Cloths : 0. Fhuuiel ; D. 
Bhakata; S. Woolkn CUaddng ; F. Betgee; G. Tartana; H. Wonted Sttiff Qooda; I. Woolen, WontaC' 
Atoata. Mrf Mohair YanaT^ 

' Ctai 15 fadiidca ndxed ftbrica and dtawla imder tbe inhdiTisions— A. Uized Wem rabrica, nich m 
CbMm, aOk, nd UtMD Wapa : and B. Shawla, woren and printed. 

Tlw poaHnn in Om BnUttiog of the artidea inolnded in tbeee ClaaMa ia ^OMtally in the 8onth Tranaipt 
GaOeiy, and on the Ground FioOT, on the left baud, or South ride (proceeding westward), near tlie western 
terminalioii of the Nave. In the latter &re arranged the cloths, worsted slpeca, and mohair goods ; shawls, &o., 
■n diaftayed in the Gallery, and extend through Areaa 10 to 17. From the delicacy of their nature sod 
cokmn they are incloeed in glnsa caais, the artistic arrangement of which gives a pleasing character to this part 
of the Gallery. 

The gmt manufacturing localities for goods contained in these Classes are Chippenham, Frome, and Brad- 
ford, in Willi ; Wootton-nnder Edge, Stroud, Leeds, Huddersficld, and Halifai ; Galashiels, Hawick, and 
Selkirk, are localities in which particular descriptions of wool and narrow clothe are produced. Blankets are 
manufacture chiefly at Witney, Dewsbury, and Oakhamplon. Flarmel is produced in large quantities in the 
Principality, also at Hocbdale and Stroud. Tartans form a charBcCeriatic manufacture of several northern 
towitt. But the town of liradford presents the most conspicuous example of a locality deriving a lar^ share 
of proqierily from the production of a peculiar description of goods — the worsted stuff goods. In 1801, thia 
town had a popalaticn of about 6,400, which, in thirty years, had multiplied to upwards of 23,000, and ba» 
aiDoe increased even more rapidly. This ia duo, in a great measure, to the extraordinary success which haa 
altmded the manufacture of miied fabrics, and especially of worsted stuff goods. The spinning of worsted yam 
alone employs many extensive factories, which supply others equally extensive with material for weaving the 
goods by power-looms. A very large population, not under 9,000 or 10,000, is now employed in these fac- 
Ifwi**, or in eonneclinn with them. Ijitterly the alpaca manufacture baa risen into great imj«rt«n«e, and with 
the mannfacture of fabrics made of wool and cotton, and of wool and silk, constitutes the staple industry of this 
locality. 

Tlte woollen manufacture frenerally haa for a long period been regarded as one of the most important 
laaDcbcs of our national industry, and though less extensive than that of cotton, still holds a highly influential 
pMiiion, and furnishes tbc means of support to many thousands of our countrymen. It has been computed 
that not fewer than 312,500 people are cmployeil on the whole in this oianufacture, which has been calculated 
to amount to the anniml value of about 25,0O0,00W. The introduction of new materials cither for use atone, 
or JD cornbinalion, has at tinies given an extraordinary impuUe to the manufacture, and the character of the 
(piods pmdtieed has undergone several important modifications. The manufacture largely carried on at 
|)ewibary, in Yorkshire, of a coarse cloth from woollen rags, is very interesting. The rags are torn up by 
machinery, and their fibrous material is entirely separated ; it is then spun in low numbers, an<l made into a 
o«rse description of cloth tiiicd for beize, lablo-cloths, A-c. The reproduction of a woven fabric, from material 
natil recently regarded as entirely waste and uaclcai for such purposes, is a striking illustration of the adaptive 
inganaity of the preaent day.— R. E, 



486 



OLAflSKs 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abeab L. M. N. O. 10 TO 17, Airo South Tbanseft Gallery. 



[United 



1 SooTT k Wright, Vigo Street, JRegent 8t, — ^DeBignen. 

West of England elastic doeskins, in Scotch clan tartan 
patterns for trousers; new style in the same, and angola 
for trousers; Scotch angolas for trousers, and mauds for 
railway rugs; and for travelling shawls. 



2 East, Lamdon & Holland, 10 Old Bond St — ^Designers. 
Specimens of fancy woollen trouserings and coatings. 



3 ScHOFDELD, Brown, Dayis, & Halbb, 1 Oreshom St,— 

Proprietors. 
Flannels in a variety of singles, comprising— ^ 

1. Royal Victoria fliumels, manuractured from yam 
spun from silk and wool. This fabric is superior to 
flannels made entirely of wool, in the following pu^culars. 
It is less irritating to the skin; it shrinks less m washing; 
the silk increases the strength and durability of ^e tex- 
ture, and renders it less liable to tear. 

2. Merino flannels, made from yam spun from cotton 
and wool . This article is exhibited on account of its dura- 
bility and cheapness. 

3. Flax flannels, woven from yam spim frt>m a mixture 
of wool and flax fibre; the latter prepared by the Che- 
valier Claussen's patent process. 

4. Silk warp flannels: these goods are adapted for 
mantles and the nursery. Two embroidered opera cloaks 
are exhibited as illustrating the adaptation of the fabric 
to articles of dress. 

5. Thibet flannels, made of choice Saxony wool. 

6. Flannels in fimcv dyes, comprising pink, rose, 
cherry, crimson, sky blue, gentianeUa^ orange, canary, 
scarlet, &c. 

4 TwEEDALE, Jacob, & Sons, HedUy Hall, near BochdaU, 

and 56 Wood Street, London — ^ICanu&cturers. 
Pieces of superfine Saxonv flannel; fine cricketers' 
flannel; fine anti-rheumatic flemnel; and fine imitation 
Welsh flannel. 



5 Leach, John, & Sons, 83 Wood Street — ^Manufacturers. 
Lancashire flannel, made from English and Australian 

wools. Imitation Welsh flannel, from the same. Medium 
Welsh, or '' anti-rheumatic flannel." Twilled, mUled, or 
cricketing flannel. Saxony flannel and coating. Swanskin. 
Qauze SuLony. 

6 WILES, Jonas, 79 & 80 Watlmg Street— Proyn%tor and 

Designer. 
Striped woven flannels. 
Lancashire and Welsh flannels. 



7 Fox Bbothebs&Co., 27 Ibkenhouae Yard, and Wellington, 

Someniet — ^Manufacturers. 
White and dyed woollen serges. 
White woollen blanketing, and blankets. 
Hosiery yams. 

8 Powell, Samuei, 52 Regent Street— InvGntor, Patentee, 

and Proprietor. 

Double-faced cloth, having a perfect finish on each side, 
of two distinct colours, woven in one single fabric. 

Specimens of superfine double-fiiced cloth for coats, 
vests, trousers, ladies' paletots; and stout cloth, for over- 
coats. 

The novel application of these fSftbrics embraces every 
description of clothing which can be made reversible upon 
the patent mode of construction of the inventor. The il- 
lustration of their application will be seen in Class 20. 

9 Brown & Forster, 5 Vigo Street, Regent Street — 

Proprietors and Vendors. 

Trouserings, in doeskins and caasimeres ; in Scotch 
tweods, and natural Cheviot wool. 

Waistcoating of wool, of wool and silk, of silk, of cot- 
ton, and of China g^rass; embroidery on cloth and on 
silk, — all of British manufiicture. 



10 Murlet, W. & C, 4 Bow Churchyard, Cheapnde^- 

Inventors. 
Waistcoat lengths of various designs in cotton; silk and 
cotton; silk, wool, and cotton; nlk and wool plush; 
silk and linen; wool and cotton. 

11 QooDWiN, John, Lawrence Lane — Proprietor. 
Samples of vestings. White and coloured quiltings, all 

cotton. Livery valendas, silk figured casluneres, and 
China graas lustres, mixed finbric. 



12 Bull & Wilson, 52 /S^Mfar^m'sZon^— Proprietors. 

Fine black cloth, for gentlemen's coats. 

Fine blue cloth, manufSactured at Bradford, Wilts, frt>m 
Saxony wool, indigo dye, suited for naval officers' uni- 
forms. 

Fine scarlet cloth, manufactured at Stroud, Qloucester- 
shire, suited for militaiy officers' uniforms. 

Black beaver cloth, for overcoats; woven by a patent 
process, invented by Mr. Daniells, of Freshford Mills, 
Bath. Two shuttles are employed in the weaving, the 
one carrving the fine or siu^SeMse thread, the other the 
stout or backthread, each placed in a distinct plane. 

The annexed cut shows a section of cloth woven on the 
patent process, in which the arrangement of the threads 
in the patent cloth is represented in fiff. 1 as woven with 
two shuttles, and in fig. 2 as woven with three. 



Rg,l. 



Kg. 2. 



ooooeoo««« 



* • 



• •••••• 

• •••••• 



Reversible Witney cloth, for travelling coats, &o., 
manufactured by Dtmiell's patent process. 

Registered double-surfaced beaver, for overcoats and 
pantaloons. 

Himalaya cloth, for warm outside garments; made from 
the wool of the Oishmere-shawl goat. 

Fine coloured cloths, for coats, manufactured at Brad- 
ford, Wilts. 

Clarendon cloths, for summer paletots, manufiMstured 
at Trowbridge. 

Black milled doeskin, for pantaloons. 

Fine single-milled cassimeres and Sardinian cloth, for 
waistcoats and embroidery, manufSactured at Stroud; the 
same, embroidered. 

Single milled fSuicy doeskins, of new designs, for panta- 
loons, manufactured at Trowbridge, Wilts. 

13 Clare, John & James, BasinghaU Street, London, 
and Trowbridge, Wiltshire, 

Woaded black single cassimere; patent beaver, Vene- 
tian, and ladies' cloth. 

Satin-face doeskin; satin-&ce single doeskin. Milled 
and single doeskin. 

Fur Janus beaver. 



14 Smith, John Bland, & Co., 38 Basinghatt Street— 

Proprietors. 
Woollen cloth rendered waterproof, without being im- 
pervious to air, the texture and appearance unaltered. 

15 LocEE, James, 119 and 127 Regent St. — Manufacturer. 
Scotch tweeds for deer-stalking, riding, and walking; 

and for summer and warm climate. 

Cheviot wool tweeds, for shooting and country wear; 
specimens of the wool of which they are made in its 
various stages of manufacture. 

Regulation tartans, as worn by the Scotch Highland 
regiments. 

Scotch mauds, for riding and travelling. Ladies* dan- 
tartan shawls. 

Scotch linsey-woolsoys, for the searsidet 



3 



GuMifli#15.'^W00LLBN AND WOBaiED. 
AhusL. M. K. 0^10 to 17, ASB BoormHAMmKn QAUunt« 



48? 




IS 






Ifli oi F ^ffl^ ibiliflL Midi "^'i fffT TOiOilwiirlTij 
; ailimL 



oloilM^ TtBilittt dk)>tiiy Midi fney oosHogik 



19 



WMflf 




ft]lkAi^l«A.JM^ 







» 




Mid vooMj^ Wmok 6MhB. Wbol-djed xifle- 

ntMHctfed blaok iiMriiiiiiniii. Wool-djed 

VkMy trooMringi of Tuioiit i^Im Mid 



n 



Mid BOIMVIBUI^ 

Mid M^McfliM eioflii. 



flMnB, &, £«idii- 
eloih. 



iiSKMf 9t Ooby Bedford Bimtg 



doUui, Tirioiis ooloony fbr mnking and trim- 
Wdies' {Mdeiots, first and second quality. Ladies' 
UmoD, and all wool Tweedi^ various colours, for 
aod children's cloaks. 
Faocj wocdlflQ doakings, for lining gentlemen's coats. 




24 



25 



8inoLL» J., Leeds — ICanufocturer. 
twilled summer cloth. 



Cook, & Wormald, Leed$ — Mannfscturers. 
stripe and drab beayer cloths; white, coloured, 
blankets. 



26 



Imwni, E., Z^eedi — Manufacturer. 
doilhs. 



27 Eraai, W. ft Sok, Leeds — Manufacturers. 
WooOeii doths. 



28 Habgbbats ft NoMETB, FamUy Low Mills, near Leeds 
-— Designers and Manufacturers* 
Bojal duuneleon, elastic; transferable cloth; Vicuna 
tmr, with wxtoUoi back; dyed black doth, from colonial 



29 8mv, Wm., ft Son, Xeed^— Proprietors. 

PSeoe-dyed sotnid wool black cloths. Mohair cloths, 
eoloaz«d. Mixed napped Petershams. Indigo dyed blue 
pOols. Oorbo bearers. Mixed Witney. 



30 Lambot, J., Leeds — Manu£Eu:turer. 

LadW coati]^; tweeds, Circassian, Venetian, and mo- 
cloths. 

Bnnu, B., Leeds — Manufacturer. 
wooQea ckyths. 



81 



TaamnoMt Fms^ ft Kjamauh 



32 



fS hirtrfttt '^"*li *i iflk Mad. odttoii WMTD : nailimnral tm 

MOld Klf^^ l p^rfaf , 

83 hopiOK, Wtllsam, ft Co., X«nC»— Proprietors. 
Olhre doth. Blno oankge lining;, Indigo dy, Blno 



dothy indigo d^ 

84 Sfxai^ loBn, ft 8oH. Woodhoms Lam, Leed*— 

MittiiaetnrMs. 
WooI]«H^— I)3redblMic, mefism, ftti ookor. 
^'^^''^^^L^ "^ <fw^ d«k olive, Mid Ui^t 

•iL^woaded odour. 
Ll|^ dhm^ indigo ds%m 
Iiifidble green, wool-d! 
oonunon oolour. 




i-^fodblMlc, aBid pieoo-dyed bkok. 



85 Svow'BBOTmM^ Leed^^Wmohammu 
SopMfino woollen cktiifL 

37 IPasa, Bdwxk, ft Soim!, HmfkmtmMke, mar Leed^^ 

MMiiifiMiiiiren* 

nMdwts: ooatiqgi of alpaoa woo^ mdudr, and osmflf s 
ludr. 

Ootton diapor ng^ bleadied Mid imWeadiad. 

88 HsNET, jL ft 8., ft Co., Z«MiH-Manidh(0taren. 
Woolkn doUis Mid ootton wMrp doUis. 

89 B&Tamr ft Go., Leads, TorMira Mwrofcotew, 

Indigo bhio oifo^ wool ^^«d. 
Blue, green, olarel^ and brown ootton mrp doth, pieoe 
^ed« 
Brown^ green, and bine doth, wod d^fod* 
Med^ydoths. 

40 Pawioit, Sov, ft MABinN, SUmeMdge MUl, mar Leads, 

rcrJb^r-tf— Mannfaftturera. 

Black cloths, piece-dyed, true colours. 

Mulberry ladies' habit cloth, wool dyed, true colour. 

Black cloth, and rifle Venetian, wool dyed, woaded 
colour. 

Blue Venetian, wool dyed. 

Olive, black, and rifle, ladies' cloths; and rifle-habit 
cloth, wool dyed, woaded colours. 

41 SwAiKE, Joshua & Edward, & Co., Oomersall and Leeds 

— Manufacturers. 
Superfine wool-dyed indigo blue Witney dufiUs. 
Police and Canadian cloths. 



42 CooPEB, D. ft J., Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Superfine woollen and doeskin cloths. 

44 HoTHAM ft Whttino, Leeds — ^Manufacturers. 
Yorkshire flannel. 

45 Chsetham, C. O. ft W., Ccdverley, near Leeds— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of superfine olive broad cloths of Australian 
wool. Bottle-green broad cloths. Sample of Australian 
wool, in case of Australian mahogany. 

46 Saville, J., Zerdj— Manufacturer. 
Oxford, pilot, and army cloths. 

47 OoTT, Benjamin, ft Sons, Ztf^cb— Manufacturers. 
Woollen cloths: — for the home trade: brown, olive, 

and blue; and black woaded. 

For the American market: brown, green, olive, bottle, 
black, Adelaide, olive brown, olive, Straeburgh, bottle 
rateen. Drake neck, black, dahlia, Adelaide, olive brown, 

and olive rateen. 

For the Chinese market: scarlet, salmon, black, green, 
gentian, blue, dahlia, ash, purple, and Burgundy. 



i88 



Glassies 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. O. 10 to 17, and South Tbakskpt Gallery. 



r United 



For the RuBsian market : orange, green, sky-blue, 
scarlet, yellow, carmine, and gentian. 

For the home trade : lad/s brown, ruby, lavender, 
doTe, chocolate, and gentian, cloth. 



48 Smithbon, Thomas, Bromley, near Leede — 

Manufacturer. 

Black medium cloth, piece-dyed. 

Dark blue ladies* cloth; fine habit cloth; black habit 
cloth, wool dyed; superfine goods of woaded colours. 

Superior black cloth, wool-dyed and woaded colour. 

Common wool-dyed black cloth. 



49 York & Sheepshanks, Leeds — Manufacturers, Dyers, 

and Finishers. 
Woaded wool black; second woollen cloth. Piece-dyed 
black, and piece-dyed black medium, and fSiist dye. 



50 Gboroe, T. W., & Co., Leeds — ^Dyers and Finishers. 

Worsted lastings in fast black, not woaded, and in 
various coloiirs. 



51 Wilkinson, John, St. Helenas Mills, Leeds — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

New thin ship sheathing, for placing on the ship's side 
underneath the copper sheathing; thick ship sheathing 
for placing between the timbers in building. 

Patent padding and wadding for garments; soft white 
medical cloth, backed with India-rubber, for poultices, or 
under horse-siiddles, &c. ; soft white saddle-cloth, without 
India-rubber. 

Oun wadding of first and second quality; haik felt for 
steam-pipe and boiler covering, and for dcKEtdening sound. 

Indigo blue pilot felt; indigo blue pilot and brown 
pilot for great coats. 

52 Wilkinson, W. & E., Ze«fo— Manufecturers. 
Crape, all wool. 

Cord, all wool, for summer cloth, manufactured in 
the worsted manner. 



54 Robinson, Thomas, Dewtbury Moor, Dewsbury — 

Manu£Ekcturers. 

Three-points Mackinaw, super merino, merino bath, 
land rosed blankets. 

55 Crabtree, W., Detcsbttry — Manufacturer. 

Bath blankets, fine, and striped with fancy coloiuv at 
the ends. 

56 Whitworth, J., & Son, EarlsheaUm, Dewlbwry — 

Manufactiu^rs. 

Two horse blankets. 



57 Stead, Walter, & Co., Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Superfine broad-doth, and wool-dyed woaded black. 
Sample of fine Qerman wool. 



58 Halet, J., & Son, Bramley, near Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen cloths, made in the white. 



59 Halbv, a. & C, Bramley, near Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen cloths, made in the white. 



60 Pease, Heaton, & Co., Leeds — Inventors and 

Proprietors. 

Bar^-de-laine cloth, all wool, for dresses; light, even, 
transparent, and soft. 

Saxe-Coburg, Orleans, and other cloths, cotton and 
worsted, for dresses. 

Super quality de-laine cloth, cotton and worsted. 

Satin twill, cotton warp and woollen weft, finish of a 
new descripUon. In colours for dresses; in white for 
printing. Union, silk warp, and worsted damasks. 



61 Hartley, J., & Son, Worthy, near Leeds — 

Designers and Manufacturers. 
Heather tweed, woaded ; and blooming heather tweed, 
woaded and grained, for shooting-coats, made from Aus- 
tralian wool. 

62 Webster, Thomas, 154 Park lAtne, Leeds — 

Manufacturer. 
Superfine broad woollen cloth. 



63 Webster, D., Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Superfine wool-dyed black cloths. 



64 Bramlet Woollen Cloth Company, Bramley, near 
Leeds — Dyers and Manufacturers. 
Specimens of black cloth, wool-dyed, true and common 
colour. 



65 Qreen, R.F., &Sonb, Leeds — ^Manufacturers. 
Orleans cloth, in blacks and various shades. 



67 Orat, S., Calverley, near Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Woollen cloths: drab and blue prunelle livery -cloth. 
Russian green prunelle habit-cloth. 



68 Cromack, John Judson, Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Woaded and fast black cloth, suitable for the home 
market — exhibited for superior manufaotture and finish. 



69 Fenton, William, Eccleshill, near Leeds — 

ManufiBctm-er. 
Billiard-cloths, green, crimson, and scarlet. 



70 Ellis, John W., & Co., 12 Upper Albion Street, Letds 

— Manufacturer. 
Samples of cloth, saved list indigo blues all wool, and 
a frieze with cotton warp and Australian wool. 



71 WooDHOUSE, John, ffolbeck Moor Side, near Leeds — 

Manufacturer. 
Cloth, woollen weft and cotton warp, fast colour blue; 
Cloth, common colour, black. 



72 Beaumont, William, Crawshaw House, Pudsey, 
near Leeds — Manufacturer. 
Black cloths, made both from Sydney and Saxony 
wool, piece dyed. 

74 MiDDLERROOK, JoHK, Birstall, near Leeds* 

Superfine cloth flannel, of extra width, and of the na> 
tural colour of the wool; specimen of coarser quality. 



75 Stkes, David, & Co., Leeds — Manufacturers. 
Black milled cloth. 

77 Gill & Bishop, Leeds — Manufactiurers. 

Brown, gentian, drab, and black mohair. 



78 Yewdall, William, & Son, Ravoden, near Leeds 

— Manufacturers. 
Woollen cloths of different qualities, vis<i, Spanish 
stripes, grey list ladies' cloths, and medium clotbi, of 
different qualities; milled hair-list and double milled 
hair-list cloths. 

70 Walker, J., & Sons, MUlshaw, near Leeds — 
Manufactiu^rs. Dyers, and Finishers. 
Single and milled cassimeres figured and coloursdi 



80 Smith, Wiluam, Batley, near Dctcsbury — 

Manufacturer. 
Wool-dyed indigo blue Whitney. Indigo blue pilot 
cloth. Qreen and white mixture, napped pilot. Logwood 
blue pilot. 



3 



CLAMift id ft iSw^WOOLLEK AND WOB»EED. 
AauB L. M. H. 0. 10 to 17, ato South TaAimM GTAiUKt. 



n 



IL^ft 




IiO%ia blue piloi cjofli. Blua mlslim^ rtnl miiftvre^ 



83 Jvm,J.M^9omi BmUtif, 

Woot^b^ bloft WftaflvdoUi; Una pOot dolh; and 

ra pOo* ekHh. WMka fiMfi with wMotk IMtng 

oa tii> baofc, btfaig • awr miwiMnrt i on of nmtMriab , 



Jirii^ttMiaoiciotik. 



84 



A., JMfy JRI^ JMiM^ 
Maauj 




; Ibr tntfdling on nShn^ 



&o.; 



tan^ft 



87 



for tntfaiitng on numw^ flg% «>^m 
»iBd for ]i>&igomcoift^ &0.I anda 
wool* 

ia«Mli ili^ of tiM oMiiiiflMtiire of braad 
dotik. i«MfftB6Bi of bro«d wooUan eloliui of 
oolomiL oiialit¥. and aubatenoe. 

Wmjdei, Joaara^ ft Som^ BMm^etd — 
MamiftMiiiirBia^ 
buflblo. 
noliair. 
wftila miaad moliair* Bliokmiztitra mohair, 
k mohair. 
UadCt gc^MDy topi hhw^ aoarial^ drab, and 




Qm nisad a^^aaa, TalloV mohair heading. Bog- 
kurdoih. 

All for ladies* cloaks and men's over-coats. 



S8 TatijOB, Jaxks, Meltham, necw Biiddersfield — 

Manufacturer. 
Fancy woollens. 

89 Lbjuk>td, Edwabd, Huddersfeld — Manufacturer. 

of cashmere merinos^ used for ladies' boot 



90 Sbaw, Petbe, Lockwoody Huddersfield — Mannfeoturer. 
Woaded black broad woollen cloths. 



91 Pkacb, Aamon, ft Co., Clayton West, Huddersfeld 

— ^ManufeMsturers. 
80k diin^ dress. Silk and wool dress. 



92 OmMMX, J., ffuddersfield^UMnnhctartir, 
Varkraa specimens of linseys. ^ 

93 HivcHumB, John, ft Son, NeicmUl, near 

Huddersfeld — Manufacturers. 
Woadad mixed doeskin, and mixed durables, exhibited 
for diaapoeas and utility. 



94 KmnroN, Jonas ft Jambb, Dogley Mills, Huddersfeld 

— ^Manufacturers. 
Woollen Salesian stripes for gentlemen's dress. 

95 BKmncTT, John ft Abraham, Bradley Mills, 

near Huddersfeld — Manufactiu^rs. 
BUtk Venetian cloth, manufactured from superfine 
Proasian wool. Registered black Lahore cloth, from 
CWi Hilling wool. Double Napier cloth, one side wool, 
the other from the goat of Casbmere, and one side wool ; 
the oihar Crom the goat of South America, known as 
Tiaima wool. 



m BmBmMnnrAxmkhmgm,MatMnK)9,Msaiimm' 
)blil— Dwagmni and Mimiiiiit mail. 

Spadmaw of (ill wool) ilialiw aluihiiHB riba, for 

tronastiBgi^ 8^ 

97 CBOBLAmDh Whaiav ft H., MvddtnfM— 



WooUan ftaoy pwialooa <Mbm, ntur dwigiia mmI Im- 
pKovod aiaatidily. 

' ' ' ■■ ■ 

98 SfluiWf Jmvv WmxuL ft Btenr, Vktorim JCS^ 

^iddsnfeid MiainlhoturaHi. 
Woadadwodl-d^radyldaifty broad, and ai^iwfina oloth. 
Flaoa-dyad Uaiok do«h and pnm^la. Wool-dyad bhuft 
doaiddn and oaadmere; and rllla broad do|h andwool- 
^ad Oxford broad qkih. 

99 Mnxnjnr BnornsBs^ J7iicfilwa/l«l(l^]faaiiftotorflrB. ' 
Sopar Angola mixliirea for tromen, 

100 HaiTDfasBBOTHEBS, JSklilflrf/laft^MiQiiftefetDran. 
(^otha— madhuna, millad and doable mUlad, ortrabla 

millad. Boaddna. 



101 



Wbiolbt* John, ft Somb» Hmai$rsfUld^ 
Mannftoturani. 
CUrety olirai Btad<4nixad9 green, and Uj^bhia lifwy 
dotha. 
Bri^t bhie dothy for oHnii^ liniiigk 

102 VuMWiif 41* ft BBAgMoiiT, HMtn$M-^ 

Manafootarere. 
Kaok broad dotha, oaaahneree, and doeddnn^ piaoa* 
dyad, permanent odomr and finish. 

108 AaxiTAiQxftKyTHBBS, Jgadtfar^^Mtf-^ &n po rte r B and 

ManuflieturegB. 

Woadad bbdc dephant beayen^ 55 Indiai wido, grealB 
wd^t. 46 and 44 ounoea to the yard, mannftotorad 
ent&aly from Port Phillip wool. 

Albert check, requiring no lining for the coats, one 
side being a plain colour, the other checked. 

Albert cloth, the two sides being different colours. 

" Exhibition " cloths, 56 inches wide, weighing only 
twelve ounces to the yard. 

Sooiu'ed Sydney skin wool, grown in New South WaleSy 
and washed by J. T. Armitsge and Co., of Sydney. 



104 LooLwooD, Joshua, & Keiohuet, William, 

i7uJei<f/*jr^e^6^Manufacturer8. 
Specimens of patent woollen cords, velvet and leather 
cloths, chiefly for trousers. 



105 Barnicot ft Hirst, Huddersfeld, Wilsham, and 

Meltham — Manufacturers. 
Buckskin, Orleans, crape and fancy doeskin, and hair« 
line for trousers, made from middle-price colonial (Port 
Phillip) wool. 

106 Barbeb, J., ft Sons, Holmfrth, near Huddersfeld — 

Manufacturers. 
Drab kersey for trousers or coats. 

107 HoLMBB, J., ft Sons, Scholes, near Holmfrth, 

Yorkshire — ManufiBtcturers . 
Woaded black doeskin and Vienna. 



108 3fALLiN80N & Sons, Huddersfeld — Manufacturers. 

Wool-dyed black doeskins, exhibited as specimens of 
manufacture and finish. 



109 



Beardsell, Isaac, ft Co., Thongsbridge, near 
Huddersfeld — Manufacturers. 
Woaded black broad coating, steel broad coating, and 
black Venetian coating, manufactured of colonial wool 
grown by the Australian Agricultural Company. 

Woaded black broad single-milled coating, manufactured 
of a picklock, selected from a Sileaian prize wool. Black: 



490 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Transept Gallery. 



[United 



and blue broad coaidng, sheep-wool face, alpaca-wool back; 
blue coating, royal blue back and green back. Fancy 
woollen trouserings, three-fold cloth wove, treble-milled, 
and double-fiEu^. Fancy woollen trouserings. Woaded 
black face, blue Berlin wool back; double-filled; woaded 
steel, &c. 

110 Shaw, Son, & Co., ffwUersfield^-ManuSacturen, 

Woollen cloths : — Black superfine broads; fancy coat- 
ings. 
Fancy trouserings; reversible cloth. 
Pattern cards of £Euicy goods. 

111 Tatlor, J., & Son, Newaome, Huddersfield— 

Manufiacturen. 
Fancy waistcoatings, wool, silk, and cotton; and 
woollen trousers' goods (best Angolas); and woollen 
shawls and scarfs. Ladies' and children's dresses. 



112 Johnson, John, Lockwood, Huddertfield — ^Dyer. 
Floss-yams in various shades. 

113 Day, J., & Son, Mold Green, Huddersfield— 

Manufacturers. 

Merinos (cotton chain shot with woollen), used chiefly 
for the tops of ladies' boots. 

Cashmerettes, cotton shot with woollen and silk shot 
with woollen; used for summer over-coats. 



114 Willott, William, & Co., Huddersfield— 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen goods, via., drab livery, kersey. Waterproof 
drab Devon kersey. Extra treble kersey. Woaded wool- 
dyed black cassimere; and wool-dyed black doeskin. 

115 Schwann, F., Huddersfield — ^Merchant. 

Fancy vesting called valencias or toilinets, and quilt- 
ings. Fancy pantaloon stuffs. Fancy dresses for ladies 
and children. Cassinets, cashmerettes, summer paletots, 
and merinos. Shoe and boot fancy cloths. Summer-coat 
and paletot articles. Woollen beavers, pilot cloths, and 
napped Petershams. Tweeds. Plaids and checks. Buck- 
skms, doeskins, hnoj woollen pantaloons and over-coat 
stuffs, composed of mohair, alpaca, and Vicuna. " Ele- 

Shant and rhinoceros " skins. Friezed coatings. Shawls, 
[ohair headings. 

Plain woollen cloth. Red paddings. Carpets. Qro- 
grams, barracans, tvrilled summer cloths. Printed para- 
mattas and merinos. Woollen blankets and horse-covers. 
Specimen of ornamenting and lettering the show -end 
(nead-end) of woollen cloths, kerseymeres, &c. 

116 ToLSON, J., & Sons, Dalton, Huddersfield— 

Manufactiu^rs. 
Waistcoatings, comprising figured quiltings, shawl 
cashmeres, Persian velvets, beavers, low vestings. Trou- 
serings. Challi wool plaids for children's dresses for 
spring and for winter. 

117 Wbiclby, J. & T. C, JSTwdaerj/JtfW— Manufacturers. 
Moscow beaver, two faces, different colour and finish. 

Moskitto, two faces, different colour and different mate- 
rial. Janus, nap-fftce, beavered and Witney, and checked 
back. Partridge mixture, for shooting-coats. Reversible 
cloth, finished on both sides. Stockinette, or tricot. 
Fancy trouserings. 

118 Sykxs & OoT>ES, Huddersfield — ^Wool-cleaners 

and Inventors. 

Drawings illustrative of patent and improved wool- 
cleaning machine, which will clean 50 lbs. of wool per 
hour. 

Burry and motey wool, with the same cleaned from the 
burs and motes ; and specimens of bUrs and motes as taken 
Ax>m the wood by the machine, cleaned, and brought into 
a good state. 

119 Hinchliff, J. 8c Q., Huddersfield — Manufacturers. 

Drab kersey, ordinary milled and Devonshire water- 
^oof» 



Black and steel doeskins; Oxford and mixture doo- 
skins. 
Various fancy woollen trouserings. 

120 Bbardsell, Charles, &Son, Holmebridge, Hudders- 

field — Designers and Manufacturers. 
Woollen pantaloons, plain and fancy. 

121 Stabkey, J. & A., SAeepridge, Huddersfield— 

Manu£Eu;turers. 
Drab woollen cords. Drab thickset constltutioii. 
Fancy, plain, and woollen velveteens. 

122 Cowoill» Jessop, 8l Co., Huddersfield— 

Manufacturers. 
Cashmerettes for coats and ladies' boots. 



123 HuTH & Fischer, Huddersfield— KerchajitB. 
Plain and striped Franklin coatings, wool face. 
Mohair back double Queen's cloakings. 

Mohair back pantaloons. — Registered. 

124 Clay, J. T., Bastrick, Huddersfield— Manuftucturer, 
Woollen trouserings, blue and white angolas; the blue 

being a pure indigo dye. Manufiactured fi^m fine Saxony 
wool; from Australian wool; and sundry varieties. 

Waistcoatings in woollen and silk; and of fine worsted 
yam, cotton and silk. 

Union cloth, composed of woollen and cotton. Vicuna 
cloth. 

125 ScHOFiELD, Jonathan, Jtastrick, near Huddersfield 

— Manufacturer. 

Fancy woollen trouserings, different patterns, and 
woollen and cotton, mixed. 

Silk, woollen, and cotton waistcoatings, in different 
colours of buffs, drabs, &c. 

Patent British cashmeres, all wool, different colours. 

Fancy bed furniture in wool and silk, and in wool, mlk, 
and cotton. 

Fancy dresses in wool and cotton, &c. 

Fancy shawls, all wool, and wool and cotton. 



126 Norton, Joseph, Clayton West, HuddersfeU 

Manufiakcturer. 
Summer shawls and coatings. Registered winter wool- 
len shawls, unique; and novelty, having four distioci 
patterns or appearances in one shawl. Union shawls. 
Registered goods for dresses, waistcoatings, and cloaking!. 
Table covers. Woollen, alpaca, and rabbit's down glove- 
cloths. Registered fancy woollen trouserings. Stocki- 
nette trouserings. Crochet counterpane. 

127 Oldfield, Allan, & Co., Lockwood Mills, and 

Huddersfield, Yorkshire — Manufacturers. 

Specimens of the various stages of the &ncy woollen 
manufacture, from the wool to a warp prepared for the 
loom ; also pattern ranges of fancy woollen trouserings^ 
from the loom to the finished cloth, with a drawing of 
Oldfield's paten^ machine for piecing woollen cardings. 

Fancy broad cloth for overcoats. 

Fancy doeskin trousering, and fancy crape trousering. 
Mode from fine wool. Exhibited for their manufiusture. 

Black and brown twist checked tweed, made from wasie^ 
&c., without any wool. 

Black, brown, and white twist checked tweed, 
from waste, &c., without any wool. 

128 HoADLEY & Pridie, Halifax — Manufiicturen. 
Damasks, for fumitiu^ purposes, of different qual 

and colours, manufietctured of silk, cotton, and wool, either 
separately or in combination. 

120 Brown, William, JJa/t/ox— Manufiicttirer« 
Damasks: — Cotton and worsted, yam and piece dy«d; 

cotton, silk, and worsted; silk and worsted. 
Table covers : — Cotton and worstod, yam dyed^ ooitoB, 

tdlk, and worsted; worsted. 



OLAMin 12 ft 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abkab L. M, N, 0, 10 TO 17, wsB Roctii Ta*(jBEPT Oau-eby. 



ISO AXMTV, 3tMn, ft San, ffu/i/cu— Spinnen and 
Uauu&chiren. 
^bloeoTOT: — CottoD and wonted, aod silk uid 



■faMllM, cmo, t>l>iii-b*'^, cimluti, ihalloona, wild- 
M^ tul twSU*, aUpiiuB, marinoB, Savi, £^>t India 

ooili^ wonted and eottoa: — Union sergw de 
I kitiiifi; Eotton wup prinoettaa and full 
Mods, luitm, Cobtu^ cotton w«rp "■J't 



t, Vi- 

Tm^a, let bime-cOTen. 

TaB*^--flfaiKle, two-fold, tad f>iir>futd curdod yums; 
rii|hk Wok and four-fold combsd; bui(;1o, liutra and 
AihA wmi noole waip; two-fold ctunlst warp oiid 
■lA) Im-Md batmg ttwpi two andthreo-foldOonappe. 



1. ttmmiuam Oohns dotit (mixed bbria, cotton and 

t. SBBpaqr Orlaiiia cloth (railed fUnio, cotton and 
<«■(■, diflering from No. :!. only in being of a 

(Ubf de laiDe ^miied fabric, cotton and wool), 
noge of qnalttieH, printed and dyed. 
_ 4ooDi Sase Cobuis cloth, made bam cotton 
I; A naw bhrie, of Uglit texture, with a rauga 



C Fowtr-loom Buige do luce, mode from cotton and 
aMot; noge of qualities, printed and dyed. 

7. BnSng lor ■Iuih' coloun and nulwu; aignaJa, made 
If ptw wt l ocnn; all wool. 

fl. W«mlad kaold or hcddle yam, range of qualities, 
■M^ Mtd twiited, and doged (to dcpHre it of looee 
Brnf, If power; it in used !□ the weaving of cotton, 
■Mllij^ woollen, ailk and fiai fabrics, to effect tlie 
■•flM*nt«f the warp tfareodj during weaving, forwliich 
ik k nmdrad to be Mrong, smooth, and even. 

t. wantad gvnappe chord, prepared aa in No. 8, and 
wmt ■ tbe nwnaTacture of braids, (ringce, &c,, its 
■HMtbaMi anahling it to be well combined with ailk; 
nan cf qnlitMa. 

10. Wcnted t*iB> bagKing. uaed for making bfle?. in 
whiA lioMed, n(ie-aced, ftc, am crushed to extract the 
«L It iitlMraforB raijuired to be strong and duraUe, 
tmi not to mat togvther or felt, which would prevent 
IIm mI fraa ji—rir^ through it. 



131 SnrAU ft Peancr. Cna BUU Mill, iralif,a— 
Uanu&cturun. 
Cottdti and wotMed, all wonrted, and aiUc and wonted 

Slk aixl wonted and cotloD and worotod Victoria vcl- 

Hilk and wonted and cotton and woiated Ttotorin vd- 
nt tablf-oorer. 

natn avd bmcad* atriped wonted poncho, 

All ibit pBttoma are regtatered. 

Hm ■M"r"**^" '~— exprea their opimon that the 
~" T, aro to a style that 






intry. 



oertaia 



Tlw vtid* PCDciio B uaed by the nativn of 
Hia «f Soolb AnMrica as a cloak, or outer garment 
tic la^ahsd length, when cut from the piece, has a ali 
■■ia to b. far the baad of Um wcanr to paaa thtougb. 



SnMrai ^ 
d table 00 



133 B^RXCLODOB, Wn., & Son, ffoti/rur—HanufikcturerB. 
Samples of woollen cloths ^--Scarlet, green, yellow, and 

ludigc lilue, Btriped) and acarlet white liRt; orinwon and 
drab droflxetai rad union paddings, twolduda; superred 
cloth pa^nga; brown, duk and light grey kereeys; blue 
larp tweed; green, red, crimson, and blus 
I) lAHe bouse cloth; crimson sjid green 
. oorara. Exhibited for cheapness of pro- 
duction and geneisl utility. 

134 Wash, John Whitelet, Halifax — Manufacturer. 
Cotton and worsted doraaslni, yard-dyed, fast colours; 

woTcn in the power-loom, with Jacquard macliine. 

Wonted daioask, ingrain colour, and ingtun crimson, 
with borders, for dnipertua. 

Victoria table-olotL, made from cotton imd woratod, 
dyed previous to weaving, fust colours. 

135 M'Cee*, H. C, flo;>/»uv- Manufacturer. 
F\intiture damaaks, piece and yarn dyed. Cotton and 

woratod; all woTated; silk, woisted, and cotton; allk and 
worsted ; nnd cotton and woratiid, tleneva. 

Table-coven. Cotton and wonted; «lk and woraladj 
and silk and woollen, yoni-dyed. All regiatered. 

Poncho stuffs, all woratod, used in S" " '- ' 



136 Clat, J., ftSoNS, //c/i/iiz— Manu&cturers. 
Linssy, for masons and carpenters' jackets. PlaJding, 

for drawen. Cricket jacketa. Raised keney. Milled 
keney, for colliers' and excavators' smocka and coats. 
Feamooght, for draymen's coats. Blue flunnol, for colliers 
and sailon' shirts. Sea. Oalwaj or Irish flannel. Ironing 
bhmket. 

137 Aked, J., ft Sons, Wu/i/.ir— Manufiioturora. 
Pantaloons, plain cotton and worsted, yam sjid piece 

dyed. F^cy chocks, yam dyed. j' 

Mixture eoatitigs, cotton and wonted, yam and pioceftf" 
dyed. Plain lastings, and super woratod crapes, all wool. 
(ishmeres, cotton and woollen. 



138 WitaoN, JOHB, Fir<iil CUIage, Orendfn, near il.ili/^ 

— Man iifncturer. 
Poochoa, HontusB, and shawls ; in woollen, cotton, and 
worsted. 

139 Salt, Titcb, lirmi/ord, rorfaAi™— Manufacturer. 
Alpaca manvifactum: — Goods made from alpaca, with 

cotton-warp, dyed in the piece; alpaca lustres, block, 
vonoua qualities ; coloured and chameleon, in three 
qiifllitica ; alpaca Coburgs, black and coloured, various 
qualitioB ; figured aJpacH lufltrea: twilled alpaca lustre 
linings, black, coloured, and various qualities ; scrga 
alpac.1 lustre linings, black, mrioua qualities ; coloured 
plain twilled and satio alpaca mixtures; coloured satin 
alpaca lustres. 

Ooods made from alpaca, in its cultural coloun. with 
cotton-warp mixtures ; plain and twilled mixtures, and 
Croton coatings, various qualities. 

Ooods mode &om alpaca, with silk-warp, dyed in the 
piece : Silk-warp alpaca lustres, black, coloured, and 
cbameleon. various qualities ; figured silk-warp alpaca 
luntrsfl. chameleon, various qualities. 

Goods made from alpaca, in its natural coloiui, with 
wlk-worp: alpaca mixture poplins; [uplins, plain colours; 
ChiniS poplins; satin -striped mixture iioplins; silk checked 
poplins; chinieleon silk-warp Bguruil alpaca lustnis; silk- 
warp summer coatings. 

Goods mode from al]>avs, with warp composed of ulk 
and cotton, dyed in the piece : alpaca Incas, colours ; 
ftgiuvd Atiiazouiacs, colours; figured silketriped al[-acft 
lustres, colours; satin-striped alpnca lustres, Uack; um- 
brella cloth; alpaca Mild eliuBs, coloun. 

Goods made from aliaica, iu its natural c-]loun, with 
warp compo«d of sitk and cotton : satin -striiwd alpaca 
miituivs; parasol cloth; GguTud alpaca ai 



492 



Clabsbs 12 & 16.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abbas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Transept Gallkby. 



[United 



Specimens of Britiah alpaca wool, grown by the Earl of 
Derby. 

Specimens of alpaca wool, from the west coast of South 
America. 

Alpaca wool combed. Alpaca yams. 

Mohair manufactures: — G^oods made frt>m mohair, with 
cotton-warp: serge linings, black and colours, various 
qualities, dyed in the piece ; chameleons, chin^, and 
gausse chameleon, yam-dved. 

Goods made from mohair, with silk-warp, yam-dyed: 
chin^, and chameleon poplins ; figured mohair amazo- 
nians, gause chameleon and satin-striped. 

Specimens of mohair; also combed and in the yams. 

Moreens made from English and Russian wool, various 
qualities. 

Specimens of Russian wool ; also combed and in the 
yams. 

[The alpaca is an animal of the Llama tribe, inhabit- 
ing the mountain-region of Peru. The wool or hair is of 
various shades of black, white, grey, brown, &c., and is 
remarkable for brightness and lustre, great length of 
staple, and extreme softness. This wool was brought 
into general use in this country about 16 yeai^ ago by 
the present exhibitor. Since that time the various ob- 
stacles in the way of its successful working have been 
quite overcome, and the alpaca manufacture now ranks 
as one of the most important branches of the Bradford 
worsted stuff trade. The articles produced from alpaca 
in combination with silk are especially noticeable for their 
softness and brilliancy. The bulk of the goods, however, 
are made with cotton warp, and when dyed and finished 
approach in lustre very nearly to silk. The following is 
the average yearly importation of alpaca wool into England 
since its first introduction, viz. : from 1836 to 1840, 7,000 
bales per annum; from 1841 to 1845, 13,000 bales per 
annum; from 1846 to 1850, 20,000 bales per annum. It 
is generally believed that this last amount is the utmost 
extent of production in Peru. 

The animal has not hitherto been very extensively 
cultivated in this country. H. R. H. Prince Albert has 
a small quantity at Windsor Park, and the Earl of Derby 
has a flock of about 60 at Knowsley. A specimen of Lord 
Derb/s growth is now exhibited by Mr. Salt. Consider- 
able difficulties have arisen in the rearing of these animi^lff 
in England; but when more correct information is obtained 
as to their habits in their native district, these will most 
probably be overcome. Attempts are just now being 
made to introduce the alpaca into our Australian colonies, 
where the climate, from its great dryness, is believed to 
be congenial for its successful naturalization. 

Mohair or goat's wool is produced exclusively in Asia 
Minor. In its raw state it is superior in lustre to alpaca, 
and is wrought into many beautiful fabrics. The importa- 
tion of this article has increased from 5,621 bales in 
1841, to 12,884 bales in 1850. Mohair yam is largely 
exported to the Continent, where it has superseded the 
yam formerly spun in Turkey, and is there manufactured 
into Utrecht velvet for hangings, furniture, lining of 
carriages, &c., a branch of trade which is now gaining 
groimd extensively in this coimtry. 

Russian Donsky fleece wool is of a very coarse descrip- 
tion, and was first combed and brought into use in the 
worsted trade about 20 years ago by the present exhibitor. 
— G. T.] 

140 MiLUGAN, Walter, & Son, Harden Mills, Bingley, 

Yorksh ire — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered alpaca and silk furniture-cloths, and dress 
goods; satin-striped dress goods; damasks; manufEtctured 
by a patent process. 

Aljiaca gro,;$ram coatings. 



Coatings, worsted, cotton, silk, &c. Mohiur mixtures. 

Specimens illustrative of the processes of the Alpaca 
and mohair manufactures, viz: — 

Fleece of alpaca wool from Peru, and a superior fleece 
of mohair or goat's wool from Turkey. The same sorted 
into five distinct qualities for the wool-comber. The 
same on the wool -combs, showing the "sliver" or long 
fibre of quality. No. 4, used in the embroidered alpacas, 
exhibited as above, and the "noil" or portion of wool 
left on the comb after the sliver is drawn off, and whidi 
is used for making heavy cloths, ladies' mohair cloaloB^ 
&c. The same in the various stages of preparation and 
spinning until reduced to yam on the spool or weaver^* 
bobbin. 

141 Schwann, Kell, & Co., Bradford — Proprietors. 
Worsted merinos, lastings, serge de Berry, satin sei^ge, 

says, figured Russells, velillos, cristales, cubicas, and 
alepinas. Silk- warp Coburgs ; -double-twill ; plain and 
figured Russells, and alpaca lustres; dyed in the piece, in 
various co1o\u:b. Silk-warp mixed alpacas, grey weft — 
natural colour of the wool. Cotton- warp Cobuiigs; 
ditto, double-twilled; plain and figured Russells; Orleans; 
demi, alpaca, mohair, and twilled alpaca lustres; says; 
linings, worsted weft; linings, mohair weft; figured Or- 
leans; plain and figured satins: dyed in the piece, in 
various colours. Cotton-weft lastings and serges de 
Berry; silk-weft and linen-weft lastings and serges de 
Berry: dyed in the piece, in various colours. SiSi and 
cotton dresses, dyed in the yam. Cotton and worsted 
black and white checks ; cotton and worsted fancy 
dresses; cotton, worsted, and silk dresses. Cotton and 
wool plaids. 

142 Rogers, G., i?ra<yQrtf— Manufacturer. 
Coboui^ cloth of fine quality: silk and cotton warp. 

143 FoSTXR, J., & Son, Black Dike Mills, near Bradford^ 

Manufacturers. 
Goods made of cotton warp and alpaca weft; of cotton 
and silk warp, and alpaca weft; of silk warp and alpaca 
weft, and of cotton warp and mohair weft; crapes, silk 
striped and others; gros-de-Berlins, figured and others; 
alpaca coatings in various qualities, and varieties of shade; 
twilled alpaca silk checked fancy coatings; vestingi; 
chin<S; damasks. Alpaca, mohair, and worsted yams. 
Dyed by Mr. Joseph Holdsworth, Wakefield. 

144 JowETT, Thomas, & Co., Bingley, near Bradford, 

Yorkshire — Manufacturers. 

Cotton warp, and alpaca weft, dyed black. 

Cotton warp, and dyed silk warp, and alpaca mixture 
weft, natural colours. 

White silk warp, and brown and black alpaca weft^ 
natural colour. 

White and dyed silk warp, and black silk warn. 

Dyed silk warp, and black alpaca weft, figure^ natural 
colour. 

Dyed silk warp, satin faced, and black alpaca weft; 
dyed silk warp, figured, with black alpaca weft, suiti^le 
either for vestinga or dresses. 

Cotton warp, plain and figiured silk stripe, with alpeoft 
mixture weft. 

Dyed silk warp, and dyed linen weft. 

Dyed silk warp, and silk weft, figured, and white nlk 
warp, and China grass weft, figured, for vestings. 

145 Harris & Fison, Bradford — ^Manufacturers. 
Circassian cloth : the weft is a combination of the finest 

wool and silk, which produces the glossy surface it 
exhibits. 
Cloth woven from the hair of the Angola rabbit. 

146 Armitage, George, & Co.^ i^roc^ori— Dyers. 
Orleans, Coburg, and Brazilian cloth ; mohair, silk 

and mohair, and silk and alpaca figures, of Tariaus 
qualities and colours, plain and shot. Exhibited M qie* 
cimens of dyeing* 



-WOOLLEN AND WORSTED, 
ro 17, ASH Sodth Trasbkit Gai.lbby. 



147 Tmam, A.,ACo., Jlrailford—JluivIaetarerR. 

Fhia aJtioca loatrm and chaiueliiatiB : ploui chunelecmB, 
wntad waft ; piiiui Cuwir ■tnpe« uid obeck : plun ut- 
hte^ ml dpBia waft ; fi(;ured OrWiu ; olpaw Inatre 
l^qna; twillad HtUoai and Sgui-M; Oguiwl Circaausua, 
ttm^ and etuecki, tU in cotUrn warpe and pi«cc dyed. 

llMliiliii«i. or mixed ilpacB lustrea, natural coIoutb, 
■Dfc WHp alpMa luotrea, plam, etripec, ckwka. and figures, 
ta ^tfonl ooloun lod pwoe-df ed. 
^tia Bolair cfaanuileoni and Borages ; fane; colourod 



148 fimay, Eswau) & Sox, Brad/oni, Torithirt—Djen. 
OilaM d<itiw and Cobuig elotlu, djed fi™u white 
lYouh dt kloM and marina*. 

prodiuBd tt; a potonUd procoH. 

naiMwh tablc^oTcn. 

thia badBviMa. dyod frnin white wup*. 
. AH j«h«l«n-J M ■pedDum of dfsing, &c. 

[n> bmipf of the woncted-itoir dyer was formerly 
•wSaad to tha comparativelj liniple proocu of djeiii^ 
(kodl Wlnpiwinl «atinl; of wool. The introductioQ of 
Mttoawwpi in 1834, with Tarioos comLliuitioiu of uUc 
pt^mMBtly rtaduoad, rendered n«ces>iUT more vuiud 
■ r that a fkbric 
H mi^t 



ta t* NOcit* as •qoal and regular dje. The 1^^ 
■■laavr^tedfccd bade i«, in ■ great meatuni, attri- 
haUto to A* wwgy and ikill ol the djen, bj whom 
•k «t|^w> kaa ban •ocompluhed ao effectoaUr, tluii 
■Hfc aaia of wUta ootton warp and wonted weft can 
■B^aAtdHOrt, if Dot qaita, aa pofeet in colour aa Frencb 
■Mteaa eooipaacd of wool alone. Some idea of the 
HkosBt at wonted goods, dyed imd QuiBbed, may ba 
fccMrf bvm tbe het that the three largest dyaing ceta- 
liIMiiinilalaniilf 1 cui each turn out about 12,0<Hi 
|iaaa waAlj; In addition to which there are many dye- 
^iak&lnMaMa in Dnghbouring towns priudpally lupphed 
witfc BO& bvm Bradford.— O. T.] 



149 Ckavss, J., tc SoK, I'mprct Ifill, T/umUon, nc-ur 
Bradfant—MtB ufcctuTB™. 
LaMn fMaans, in diSerotit qnolitiea, blacks and 



t, J., Bradfiird — MoDuAoturer. 
ICsad Ctbrita, compCMd of cotton, alpaca, and »il)c, 
|fa^actd Ignrad, lor TcMinga, drenea, &c. 



153 



Dalvt, Jaks*, fiW/M-d— HanuTacturer. 
, iiiBCfu of flgorad bombaanea; figured and plain 
mm. Ofm; ailk atripee and oliecks; figurad worited 
OMBaa and ddnte; flgorad and plain alpaca lustres, alpaca 
^M othat tnixtana; alpaca and wanted figured cloaking 
' " ■ I and Coburgi; 
>. Riple; & Sod. 

153 Ck*W)t ft Habbof, Unul/mf— Manu&cturen. 
" ' t clotha, black and colour*, in various quolitiea. 
a dotlu, black. Full-twill cloths, with silk, 
~ i notion wsrpa. Shawl clotho, in varioua 
Mkaa. 
1 ftrimna clothe, black and coloun. Alpaca 

DiiM and wgtalad damaika. 




Canton clotha. Linings and aerge dotha, Uaok. E^uiay 
goudx, in various styles. Alpaca mixtures, itt varioiiB 
4ualiti«a and nsMral eoloura. 



155 HiiaaAB,Wn.Liui, &Si>!SS, Ke^hUy—iianahistaiera. 
Sniaplee of Orieaoa, luBtreen, worsted lining, and 



156 8BirTTt£WoRTS,Wuj.IAM, &Co,, A'orfltSiVrrify, n«(^ 

£nii^on^WontBd-apinnetB and Honufkiturera. 

1. Piece of plain fiiBtioQ. I B. Silt atuff— mourmng, 

2. Low figured Orleana. 9. Low pluD miitora. 

3. 4, 5. Figured silk ll>. Shot silk stripe, 
stripe. n. The same cheokad. 

e, T. Fancy figured ailk 13. Fancy figured Orleana. 



157 Clutbam, Jobs, finuT/inxf— Manufacturer. 

Ket. ootton warp, am) alpnca weftj net, cotton warn 
and wonted weft ; Coburg cloth, cotton warp and worsMd 
weft ; dlsgonal lining, cotton warp and alpam weft. 



158 ClaPHAH, WnjJiJI, Wiladea, acar Biajlty, I", 
— Manufooturer. 
Coburg dotba, of vHrious qualitiea and colours. 



159 WalLjCocKbhot, ftWiu, Linton MUU, tuar SiiptM^ 
yartth iis — Uanufaoturen. 

Shaded tnpeatry ground, with rarioua coloured ailk' 
figure, and brigbt rwied shisdes in wool for dreeaes. 

Shot and printed ground Orleans, with coloured silk 

Fau) Orleans cloth, in new colour, from a combination 
of Tarioua wools. 

Prep&ratious of wonted yam. 



ICO UOBTOH, Datid, UaOdm, ntr Bradfori— 
MoQu&oturer. 

Cods of uniuE tweeds. Cotton warp and wootlon woft. 



Block Orison* clollu, uf var 



162 ToWKENB BBcrrilEBH, CW/iiyieortS, n#ar Jra^ftiprf— 
Monufaeturars. 
Wonted heold yams, various folds ; wonted genappe 
yamB, and of larious dogreea of twist ; molioir poplm ; 
worsted and moboirsnd alpaca varus ; mixed mohair and 
Bl)>aca yarns ; woratad weft and warp yarns. 



163 Sekok, Siltxeb, & Co., Brui//un/— Propriatora. 

Orleana cloth, manufactured by Chapman & Whitnker, 
Baildon, near Bradford; dyed by J. M. Kirk, Halifax, 

Orleans cloth, manuFoctured by William Lund, Keigh- 



104 Peel, WiUJiw, A Co., Br.2cl/vrd, rorMife— 
Muiufocturen. 

Coburg cloths of various qualities oud coloun. 

^ilk wsrp paramattas, BroxiliauB, and silk wixp double 
twills, blacks. 

165 BoTTOKLET, MosES, & SosB, Sfitif, Mw Ilalifax— 
Designen and Muiulactiiren. 

Figured Angora, composed of mohair and silk, for 
ladies' dreases. 

Figured Genoa locn. Tbe pile has not befom been 
produoed in stuff goods. 

Figured gauze Uce, composed of muliair and nilk. 

Figured mohair lustre, in different qualitiaa and pat- 



494 



CLA88E8 12 & 16.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abras L. M. N. 0. 10 TO 17, AND South Tbansbpt Gallbbt. 



[Unitsd 



Figured Orleans, in different qualities, &c,, composed 
of worsted and cotton, for dresses, &o. 

Mohair serge, in various patterns and qualities, for 
coat facings, &c. 

Orleans serge, for coat facings, &c. 

Mohair lus^, plain, comp^ed of mohair and cotton, 
of various qualities. 

165a Holdswobth, Joseph, Wo^/^W— Dyer and 

Finisher. 
Pieces of stuff, mixed fEibric of cotton and worsted, and 
cotton and mohair, figured and plain; exhibited as 
specimens of dyeing. 



166 HoUMWOBTH, John, & Co., Halifax, Yorkshire — 

Manufacturers. 

Crimson merino and green durant, for lining rich da- 
masks. Black and white cotillion for ladies' skirts. 

Printed Toumays, registered patterns, used for furni- 
tures. 

Oreeu and gold, crimson, buff, blue and gold, gold and 
white, and gold silk and worsted damask. 

Crimson and gold, blue and salmon, and crimson, 
green, and gold yam-dyed damask. 

Blue, girs^e and wmte, crimson, green, and morone, 
and blue and salmon yam-dyed daznask. 

Oreen and white and drab and white union damask. 

Giraffe and white, blue and white. Ponceau and white, 
&wn and white, and gold and white union damask, all 
registered designs for furnitures. 

Scarlet, drab, giraffe. Ponceau, sea-green, fawn, blue, 
rose, crimson, green, morone, and buff worsted damask 
for furnitures. Ponceau and sea-green Turkey cloth 
damask. 

Green and gold, green, crimson, crimson and gold, 
green, salmon, and white, blue and gold (silk) yam-dyed 
Turkey cloth damask. 

Royal blue and buff, crimson and gold, crimson, mo- 
rone, and gold, crimson, gold, and white silk and wool 
damask. Green and Ponceau merino curtain, quite new, 
all for furnitures. 

Albert, Victoria, merino, and silk and wool table 
covers; registered patterns. 

Crimson, scarlet, drab, and Ponceau watered moreen, 
for furnitures. 

Coburg and Orleans cloths for ladies' dresses. Black 
lining for coats. Damask aprons. Merino damask. 

Serge de Berri, union, worsted, and silk lasting for 
buttons. 



167 SuoDEN, J., ^Brothers, Dochroyd Mills, nearKeijhlet/, 
Bradford — Manu&cturers. 
Plain and striped calimancos; strong worsted merino, 
union, and princetta savs; strong union, and merino 
shalloons; merinos; cuoicas; summer cloths, double 
twill; union princettas; bombazet; worsted heald yams; 
worsted genappes; mohair and alpaca genappes; 800 spe- 
cimens of yams, used in the manu&cture of poplins, &c. 



168 MiLNEB, J., & Co., Clayton, near Bradford — 

Manufficturers. 
Orleans. Worsted weft and cotton warp, in different 
colours. 

169 Clare, J., 56 High Street, /?r<K//ord— Manufacturer. 

Table cloth, embroidered with thread on crimson 
sarsenet. 



170 Slater, Henrt, Teadon, near Leeds — Manufacturer. 
Woollen netting, used by gardeners for the protection 
of the bloom of fruit-trees from frost. 



170a Nicholson, John, i^rocf/orcT— Manufacturer. 
Specimens of cards. 

171 Roberts, H., ^Aie(^ori~ManufiBcturer. 
Grogan coatings. 



172 Tetlet, Mrs., fra^oftf— Producer. 
Embroidered quilt. 

173 Rand, John, & Sons, Bradford— "Manu&ciwnn, 
Cobourg cloths, cotton warp, worsted weft, of different 

qualities, blacks, and colours; Cobuigdoths, first quality; 
and with silk warp; merinos, moreens, and worsted waip 
and weft, single and double twill. Several of the pieces 
exhibited are of the finest deecription of worsted goods 
ever manufactured. 

[The following details will convey some idea of the 
progress and extent of the worsted stuff trade. Messrs. 
J. Rand & Sons' factory was built in 1803, and was the 
third erected in Bradford. The population t>f the town 
and neighbourhood was then about 6,500; it is now 
estimated at 00,000. There are at present in Yorkshirs 
(principally in the parishes of Bradford, Halifax, Kei^iley, 
and Bingley), 418 worsted factories, with 746,281 spindles, 
30,856 power-looms, and employing 70,905 workpeople. 
Taking the worsted and woollen manufactures together, 
the increase during the last 16 years has been, in the 
number of factories 51 per cent. ; in the number of hands 
employed, 116 per cent. — O. T.] 

174 HoRSFALL, J. G., & Co., ^rocf/orti— Manu&cturers. 
Henrietta cloths, with silk warp and worsted weft. 
Fine Saxony cloth, all wool. 

Fine Coburg doUi, with cotton warp and wonted 
weft. 

Coburg cloth of various qualities. 

175 TowNEND, Simeon, Thornton, near Bradford— 

Manu£Bcturer. 
Worsted heald, and genappe yams, spim firom Britiah 
wools ; healds, or harness for weaving woollens, worsteds^ 
linens, cottons, &c. ; braids, poplins, galloons, oonls, Ac. 
manufieMHiurod from genappe yams. 

176 Whitlev, James, Morton, near Bingley, Torhkir^ 

Manu£Bcturer. 
Alpaca yams on spools prepared for weaving. 
Mixed alpaca and mohior yams on spools propazed for 
weaving, in various colours. 

177 Sharp, David Wilkinson, Pwi^/ey— Manufacturar. 
Alpaca yams on weaving bobbins, prepared by Boss's 

new process, with improvements. 

Mohair yam on spinning bobbins, two-fold in the >i*"V^ 
and in colours. 

Mohair yam, single in the hank. 

Slivers of mohair, combed. 

Worsted yam on weavers' bobbins. 

178 QuiTZow, ScHLESiNGER, & Co., Bradford— 

Proprietors. 

Berlin wool, in various folds and colours^ spim and 
dyed in England. 

Flax, produced b^ the new patent process of Mr. P, 
Claussen, viz., flax in the straw, showing on the same 
stems the fibre both imprepared and prepared, and also 
unbleached, bleached, and dyed various colours; carded 
flax-fibre, imbleached, bleached, and dyed; heckled flax- 
fibre, long flax-fibre, unbleached and bleached. 

Yams, spun from the above flax, alone, and mixed with 
cotton, wool, and silk. 

[To the present time it has been considered impossible 
to apply existing cotton machinery to the manufacture of 
flax. Mr. P. Claussen considers that this difficulty now 
no longer exists, and that by processes adopted by him, it 
is possible to prepare a kind of "cotton" from flax, 
suitable for a large niunber of manufacturing purposes, 
and capable of being spun in tolerably high numbers. 
A peculiar part of Mr. Claussen*s patent is the bleaching 
of flax and its disintegration, which is said to be efiected 



■ IS ft IS^WOOLLEN AKD WOBSfFSD. 
Abu< L, H. K. 0. 10 10 17, AKD SouTE l^uam QiMJMax. 



teBM>7*ort iVM» "ftfatw. It taiMad thrttkkii 

lHabMUfH,eBtlMmlittiTC <rf aaMld wttb ths «i^ 
bwtfd A4 in lAU tha flu ii lUaped.— B. R.] 

I, Wnuub Aodbn; T a -U ti^ 
■. t. BmUml ll«lill(h<lll 



181 Bunanw, J., « Ot^Mt, Bn^erd— 

>Wk i^ %Mrf 0(1^ «aMd>ad viOi d] 

' Vwwy dbtii. »t«Miw.l with grid laj 

Oft Md I Biiad laitaM, ambraU* 

aolan af riBi, In AUnirt lidpi dlk imp and mizid 
a^didavlt. Tfc» wtwMtriM li dom by nmifajiiw^, 
d MHte«Hibntd«r uiinB tn •» part of the 

■ •fOadM^M. 

183 On 



OlMAt TChal te Ibnten and Ibfap of oaniieaa, &0. 



■ of Coburg cloth, 6 and 7 quarten wide, mwla of 
IjimJiiBlun, ClUTiot, South Down, Australian, ajid 
Saionj wool, in bnwn, bUck, green, royal blae, icorlat, 
dr>b, aiifl FVoicb gniy coloun- 

PicMB of doable twill, 7 qavtan wide, made of South 
Dcnm, AnatikluHi, and Siixon; wool, in claret, ftea-green, 
aad roykl blue coloan. 

All tluae pieoee afv (ued for lulieH^ dre —e a. 

naecB of coatinga, 7 qnarteia wide, in very dark blue 
■ad black ooloium. lleae are nrcd far geDtlemeo'e 



The lettsn affiled to the ipeeimena of cloth for ladies' 
drwi»i refer to oaTTeapouding nutb affixed to the patterns 

TUa woni 



185 BmmH ft Co., Abiagdim Street, Portland Strttt, 
Maachater — HaouEacturera. 
ITttacikt valTst, tar deooistioos, furniture, upholstery, 
and oniip lining!. 



1 86 Kat, RiCRUDaoH, & Wno^ OumctryLane, Maact 
— Hanufactnrers. 
Brocade ^«M. Chene baiige de Valendennea. Cheoe 
Yanaillaa. Baliga robe de Verona. 



CoCBa^m, J. ft W., QaloAitl; Scotland— 
Haouhcturen. 
of Scotch tweed ti 



189 BaUMUOs & BiBUUi, Qalathiela, Scotland— 



Rp^mpnbU tartaOB iif thn TOth or ComeromiuiB, the 
nni-d or SiithflrUod, the fl2nd or Gcrnlon, tlie JIat or 
Mookoniie. and tho 4Jiid t.r Itoj-al Hiehlnmlcre ; the 
" aettfl" takeu &nm Lo^ui's " S«itti(h Oikst;" in a siun- 
laer fabric of ctotli. mode of Goo Sniciiiy wool, and • 
sliepherd'a cloth. 

The Rnvtkl titrUn, (ho Rojil HlghionJeni, the Miu 
Keozie, the SiitliDi'limd. imd tiut hiintic^ MncDonald 
turtftUB, in fa.brli's for lodita' <li-esses, mado of Smcany 
luiilw'-wooL Sjjc<diiieiia of otbi-r Sooltjah &Lrice far 



191 



Ixolu ft Bmwm, aalaiiUt, SoaOmA— 
Hanu&ctnma. 
of Sootch twsada. 



)2 Lni, S. ft O., QalaAith, AdCIm}— Kann&ohiMM. 

PUda:—iSnd tartan. Wanfcanrie. Forliet, Ynmm. y\6. 
toite, B«n] Stewart, H'Nml, Oordui, and M-rhfrimw 

" 1 and smaU oheiA). 

Fnwc t•rtM^ Boyal Stowai^ Mad. Gordoi^ 



"•zx: 




PUda aa worn by the Bootdi "■fl'*'"^ ni^meirti. 
ladiaa* Soobdi plaids, shaphirdaM and fiuwy. Oentla< 
man's royal Btewart plaid. Pieeea,8oatd) tweed Teatinga. 

Specimea of wool ajid fam, showing the different stages 
of nLonufacture. 

196 SanPERSOH, R. ft a., & Co., GaUahitb, Scotlmd— 
Manufacturers. 
Scotch woollen clan and fancy plaids. Oeutlemen'l 



197 FlF^ AlXXAND 



;b, & Co., 77 Q'leen Stnet, Qlaagoui 

.Uunu&cturera. 

sw dresa fabrics. One dozen fancy 

^en union shawls. 



98 Baisb*, Knoj, & Co., 8 St. Viiufoi Place, QtaaQoa— 

Manu&cturera. 
Shawl dreesee for robes de cbombre, wool and cottcn, 
ach 4^ yards long, and 41 inches broad. 



199 Laird ft Tbunson, Bigravi Slreel, Qlatgoia— 
Hanufactiu^rs. 
Set of clan patterns in gala ctoth. 



200 WiNOATE, Son. & Co., (?/<U|7oiff— Manufaeturera. 
Harness woven long and square shawls; printed Bariga 

and cashmere and woven woollen shawls. Woollen goods 
in Ihe piece. 

201 Campbell, J. ft W., & Co., M CindUrijgi Street, 

Glavioa — Proprietors. 

Scotch printed goods ; texture all wool; Tit: — bartge 
handkerchiefs, British manufacture; cashmere handker- 
chiefs, French muiufacturei square shawls, British and 
French manufacture. 

Orenadins silk shawls, British mouuf.ictuie. 

Fine and super caiiiimere d'ecosss long shawls, texture 
all wool, and Freuoh manubcture. 

Qrenadiiie, fine and super barigo long ahawls, ground 
British Bkanufaeture. 



\. Ilu]j,trated CATALocm.] 



496 



Clasbeb 12 8s 16.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Arba8 L. M. N. 0. 10 TO 17, AND South Traksbpt Gallkbt, 



[Ukitsd 



Baz^e mufflers, on French ground, Scotch printed, 
and on cotton and wool ground, British manufacture. 

Embroidered square shawls, fabric silk and wool, 
French manufacture and Scotch embroidery. 

Filled long shawls, Scotch manufacture. 

202 Cross, William, 62 Queen Street, Glasgow, and 

45 Friday Street, London — ^Manufacturer. 
Various Saxony wool shawls; clan, shepherdess, and 
fancy patterns, square; and long Byzantine style, fancy 
pattern, pure cashmere; and checked and plain Saxony 
wool plaid dresses. 

203 GiLMOUB, William, & Co., Ghtsgotc — 

ManufiEkctiu^rs. 
Scotch woollen twcod trouserings ; Scotch woollen 
six-quarter Saxony tartans. 

204 Black & Winoate, Ghsjou? — Manufacturers. 

Samples of cotton yam, spun by the exhibitorB. Raw 
cotton cloth, as from power-loom. 

Cheapest cotton Scotch lawn handkerchiefs; one dozen 
fine cotton lawn handkerchiefs. One dozen cheapest 
and one dozen fine cotton Scotch cambric handkerchiofA. 
One dozen cheapest embroidered comer cotton handker- 
chiefs; four handkerchief, fine, of the same description. 

Two dozen Scotch cambric handkerchiefis, fancy bor- 
ders, &c. Scotch cambric handkerchiefs, imitation em- 
broidery, in the loom. 

A piece of fine cotton Scotch cambric. A piece of fine 
I bishop's lawn. A piece, fine ) bishop's lawn. 

One dozen cotton fancy shirt fronts, all woven in the 
loom. A linen shirt front, woven in the loom. 

Three fancy linen handkerchiefs. Ti^'o dozen fancy 
printed cotton handkerchiefs. Six fimcy printed linen 
handkerc^efis. 

A lady's printed cotton bonnet. 

205 Leadbetter, J., & Co., Giasgov — Manufacturers. 
Pieces of fancy linen, entire; mixed and union. Linen 

" listadoe." Fancy linen drills. 

206 Baumann & WusscH, Glasgou: — Agents for 

Manufacturers and Exporters. 
Printed shawls of wool, worsted, and cotton, of various 
styles, dimensions, and qualities; printed cotton shawls 
and handkerchiefs in same variety. Linens, in various 
stages of manufactui*e. Mixed fabrics. 

207 Helme, W., New MUls, Stroud — ^Manufacturer. 
Cassimere waistcoats, of various colours and texture. 

Single-milled and half-milled doeskin. Cashmercttc, silk 
warp, woollen wefts. Cossimeres. Sardiuians for wust- 
coats. 

208 Grist, M., Cnpels Mills, Stroud — ^Manufacturer. 
Specimens of mattress-wools, woollen millpufis, and 

flocks, used for filling beds and stuffing mattresses, sofa 
cushions, couches, &o. Manufactured by impro\'ed ma- 
chinery, and piuified dming the process. 

209 Marling, S. S., & Co., Ebley Mills, Stroud— 

Manufacturers. 
Superfine broad cloth, single-milled, wool-dyed, woaded 
black, &c. ; superfine doeskin, treble, double, single, and 
half-milled; superfine cassimere, single-milled. 

210 Hooper, C, & Co., Kiistington Mills, Stroud — 

Bfanufiicturers. 

Cloths, wool-dyed, woaded, piece-dyed, &c., viz., broad, 
block, blue, medley, scarlet, waterproof, fancy coloured, 
&c. 

Single-milled cassimere, black and scarlet. 

Patent elastic trousering, and gloving cloth. 

21 1 Playne, p. p. & C, JViii/wcwM— Manufacturers. 
Specimens of single-milled, woaded, wool-dved, black 

cloth; superfine, w(Mdod, wool-dyed, ladies' black cloth: 



and woaded, wool-dyed, black medium cloth. CSbm am- 
taining specimens, illustratiTe of the piooeas of mam- 
fjooturing woollen cloth. 

212 Partridge, N., Bovdbndge, jStroud— Designer. 

Double-colour woollen cloth, for officen' doekiy 
dividing saloons in the East, curtains, &c. Army doth, 
improved red. 

213 Palling, William, Lower Milh, Pcamwidt — 

Manufacturer. 

Piece of double-milled scarlet hunter, ^J^ 54 inohes 
wide. 

Piece of double-milled cloth, dyed, 54 inches wide. 

Piece of double-milled white, imdyed, for troueers and 
waistcoats. 

Piece of fine single-milled scarlet, 63 inches wide. 

Piece of billiard cloth, 72 inches wide. 

Billiard cloth, green, piece dyed. 

214 Daties, R. S., & Sons, Ston^kmse Mills, Strmtd— 

Manufacturers. 
Nash scarlet cloth, for ofllcers' fiill uniform; sheQ 
cloth for imdress jackets. White cloth for uniforms. 
Scarlet cloth, for foreign uniforms. Woaded wool-dyed 
black cloth; single-milled cassimere; double-milled sad 
single-milled doeskin. 

215 Sampson, Thomas, LightpUl MUls, £SCrMitf— InTentor. 

Machine for twisting the fringe of wool shawls. 
West of England wool shawls. Twilled bla^ flannel. 
Scarlet flannel. 

210 Overburt, Josiah, Nind and Monk MiOs^ near WoUm- 
nnder-Kilfje, Gloucestershire — ManuftKiturer. 
Superfine Saxony woollen cloths, wool-dyed, woaded, 
black, rifle, and medley, and blue-indigo, dyed. 

217 Philups, Smith, Bt Phiixits, MeUakeun — 

Manufacturers. 
Sample pieces of fine Saxony broad cloth, ooosLsting of 
woaded olive (of diflerent shades), woaded rifle, and wool- 
dyed black. 

218 Edmonds & Edmonds, Bradford, WUIb — 

Manufoctiu^rs. 

Piece of superfine woollen wool-dyed black doth, made 
on a patent principle. 

Piece of superfine blue cloth, made on the same prin- 
ciple. 

Piece of superfine woollen cloth, waterproofed. 



219 Barnes, Elizabeth, .^5 Queen Street, Oxford^ 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Counterpane, composed of 9,851 pieces, of hexagon 
shape, and about the size of a shilling, with a border of 
amber-coloured satin, quilted, of same size and sh^w, 
and a quilted lining; the whole the woi^ of an invalid. 

220 Peters, Daniel, 44 College Green, Britici— 

Manufacturer. 

Black single-milled kerseymere. 



221 Chick, Robert, Knapp Mills, near Chard, Somcreet — 

ManufjEu:turer. 
Samples of drab cloth, made of Elnglish wool by power- 
loom. 

222 Phillips, John, Kiutpp Mills, near Chard, Somerset — 

Manufacturer! 

Striped linscy wolscy, blue and white, made ttovi flax 
and wool. Plain blue unsey, and white linsey, made from 
flax and wool. 

These articles were formerly much need by the 
middle and lower classes for aprons and petticoats; they 
are again coming into general use, especially for UnioD 
houses, clothing clubs, and charitable institutions. They 
are durable and cIoac in texture. 



Kdtodom.] 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abeas L. M. N, 0. 10 TO 17, AND South Transept Gallebt. 



497 



223 BiBD^ R., Crewieme — ^Manufacturer. 

Linen, worsted, white and coloured linen and worsted, 
web« for girths, braces, &c. 

224 STAmoM & Son, Lamft MiU, FordmgUm, near 

Dorchetter — ^lianufM^urers. 
Drab milled waterproofed cloths, made from English 
wool; used fordriying capes, coachmen's great-coats, box- 
coats, livery co«ts, gaiters, &c. 

225 Amor, Gbobok, St. Stephens Street, NorxoicK — 

Manufacturer. 
Bhstic cloths for trousers, gloves, &o. 

226 Auxx & Banks* 21 London Street, Norwich- 

Proprietors. 
East Anglian woollen cloths for gentlemen's wearing 
anMtfel, mannfiirtured from wool grown in the county of 
Norfolk. 

227 Gaktix & Deas, Perth — Manufacturers. 
Linsey-woolsey, for ladies' dresses. Hand-knitted hose. 

Hand-loom grsas-bleached cotton shirting, &c. Cotton 
and linen bed-tick. 



228 Cboxbie, James, & Ck>., Cothal MUh, Aberdeen— 

Manufacturers. 
Scotch tweeds, of Tarious qualities. 



229 Thomson, W., Stonehaven, fib>f/amf— Manufacturer. 

Piece of cloth, being a spedmen of a method of work- 
ing up engine waste, into floor-cloth or carpeting. 

The specimen claims notice only as exhibiting an easy 
and inexpeoaiTe method of working up the coarsest engine 
waste into an article of general utility. The warp is linen 
or tow yam twisted, nine pounds per spindle. The weft 
is made of the least valuable portion of the waste that 
hDM from the wool-carding engines; slubbed or spun 
thirty-six to forty pounds per spindle. The warp is set 
rmrj thin, nine unpads to the inch, woven plain. The 
pattern i^ produced by doubling and dipping one end of 
the liAiik <»f weft into the dye vat, and in weavinf^ it falls 
int'> the pattern exhibited. The cloth is durable, from 
t*.- waq> tlireads being covered and protected on b(jth 
*i«iei4 by the weft. 

2.;«» BRrsTON, Wm. J., & Co., St. LcmfinVs F.icionj, 
Liiin^finfh — Designers and Manufacturers. 

A r.irifty of fine wool Kcarf shawla, vtunously named. 

Su|.<?rior jrentlemen's plaidj* — the Duurobin. 

S|*<cinien (»f German lambs' wool and yam, of which 
tL».' .-huwb* are made. 



2-»l Bowman. Jaxes, & Son, LamjkAm — Manufacturers. 

Hhrphenl check tweeds, of Scotch and Australian 
w*iol. 

Kuicy nhepherd tweeil, and fine shepherd check of 
A'i-tnlliai wcMil. 

SL»'{'hiTil chuck union, and shepherd union of cotton 

*itrutJfmen*j« shepherd plaid of German wool. 



2 '»2 Btees. Andrew, & So.v, hmfholm — Manufacturers. 

hj^<'iui«.-n of uniim Hhepber<rrf twee<l, cotton twist warp 
&i*-l ^acvii.t w<>»l weft, for trouserings, and of <>-♦) sliej)- 
hrrd* twoed, made of strong Cheviot wool. (inuiite 
t»i?.>i, elastic, <)f foreign wool, double twist. Shepherd's 
tw*«c«i. eloi^tic. double twist, of forei^ wool. .">U-inch 
: :.- y. tu^le of cott(»n twint and wo«dlen weft. <)-«i shoji- 
Imti-i « ftcarf, for plaid, made from fine foreigu wool, 
»i-'i'-lo J Am. Kailway plaiil, or wnipper. iiimle from 
d •^' \< t^*i<•t yam, foreign wool. 4-4 shepherd's tweed, 
el*^*.«c, dou)d»; twist, from foroij^ w»)ol. 

2.i-J RfurwicE, Thoma-s & Alkxandkb, LaHjholm — 

Manufiicturers. 
.^«ecim«ns of Unsey-woUey weft, Kflkilale shepherd plaid, 
abri sk^itcli ho*idry yam; Scotch twoe<l ;uid marble yum 
*.f Aurtrdian w.»<d. 



234 DiCKflONS & Laings, Hawick and Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Scotch lambs* -wool hosiery, &c., of various descriptions, 
patterns, and qualities, including men's hose and half- 
hose. Highland clan tartans, women's hose, men's shirts, 
gauze shirts, long drawers, ladies' vests and dresses, &c. 

Clan tartan ; shepherdess tartan, and fancy tartan wool 
plaids. Cheviot, Australian, and Saxony wool trouser- 
ings. 

235 Smith, J. & Sons, Saddleworth, near Manchester. 

Agents, NiELD and Collandeb, London. 
Fine and superfine and silk warp and stout flannels; 
fine and superfine and silk warp. 
Shawls and scarfs for printing. 

236 Haigh, Thomas, & Sons, 9 New Brown Street, 

Manchester — Manufacturers. 
Black broad cloth. The same, wool and cotton. 



237 Bamfobd, John, Rochdale, Lancashire — 

Manufacturer. 
Fine gauze flannel, manufactured from sheep's wool. 



238 Lewis, Wiujam, LlandHofawn, Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
Welsh woollen cloth. 



239 Pearson, J., Carlisle — Manufacturer. 
Woollen and cotton trouserings. 

240 Dalbtmpl£, William, Union Mills, Douglas, Isle 

of Man — Manufacturer. 
Shepherd plaid, cloth made from Australian wool. 
Striped and Tweed cloth and shepherd plaid, made from 
the wool of the island, and manufactured by the natives. 

241 Whttmore 8c Co., Leicester — Manufactiu^rs. 
Worsted yams for hosiery, fleecy, and for embroidery 

and soft knitting. 

242 Bbewin & WuKTSTONE, Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Worsted and merino yams. 



243 Burgess, Alfred, & Co., Leicester — Spinnei-s. 

Berlin wool embroidery yams, spun by the exhibitoi's, 
from Gemian and colonial wools. 

Soft and hard knitting yarns. 

Shetland, embroidery, weft, hosiery, alpaca, mohair, 
and other yams, single imd doubled. 

Specimens of the difforeut wools used in the manufac- 
ture of these yams, and in the various stages of prejjttra- 
tion, until finished into yjuiis. 



244 PopPLETON, li., M\'st<jiitej Wakefield — Manufacturer. 
Manufactured knitting worsteds and yai-na. 



245 Wilson, John J. & W., Kendal — Manufacturers. 

Railway wrapi>er8 plain, and with varied design and 
colour on both sides. Stout horse-clotliing; also, fine 
and light clothing, for race-hoi*se«. 

24() Gandv, Geuaud, Knulil — Mtmufacturer. 

Brace, giith, and roller webs, in woi-sted and woollen; 
and manufrxturcd entirely with woi-sted. 

Hoi*se sheetings, railway blankets, blue and white 
seyefl, broiwl and narrow collarn -checks, with other woollen 
articlert for the use of saxldlei-s. 



247 Ireijinp, John, & Co., Krwl'.l — M:uuif;uturerH. 

Bail way travelling rugs of various (qualities, and hospital 
bed-rugM. Horsf? blankets of various qualitioH. Alj»aca 
cloth for ponchos, coatings, &o. Sjiddlecloths, for foreign 
markets. Prince's check and kersey, for horse clothing. 
Serge and collar check, for siwldlory purposes. Siixony 
lining. Tilting, for horse clothing, &c. 

Checked flannel, for Hhii-ting. 

2 R 2 



498 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Aheas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Transept Gaixeby. 



[Ukited 



Pluding, for sailors' shirtR. 
Lisbum check, for horse clothing. 
Linsey and drugget, for women's clothing. 
Qentlemen's scarfs (shepherds' plaid pattern). 

248 Mansell, David, Brecon — Manufacturer. 
A variety of woollen goods. 

240 Martin, J., CockermatUh — Inventor. 

Ventilating waterproof cloth and paper. 

Improved mode of making all kinds of cloth and 
paper, including silk, net, lace, &c., complete repellants 
of moisture. 

The paper is manufactured by I. Cropper, Esq., Bume- 
side, near Kendal. 

250 Salter, Samuel, & CJo., Trowhridje, WUts— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of fine woollen trouserings, comprising fan<^ 
plaids, ribbed checks, doeskin, black cross rib, black 
elastic, black deerskin, black fancy elastic, military mix- 
ture, and elastic Angola. 

251 Hughes, Robert, Tregarth, Bangor, Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
Gown pieces of Welsh linsey, and apron of the same, 
woven in a loom, invented and constructed by the 
exhibitor. 

252 Wilson, W., & Sons, Hamck — Manufacturers. 
Scotch mauds, and travelling wrappers. 

253 Mills, Elizabeth, DoljeUy — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Linsey dresses, mixed with silk. Linsey aprons. 
Waistcoat-pieces, made of Welsh wool. 
Welsh cloth, for gentlemen's shooting-clothes. Cricket 
cloth. Merionethshire web. 



254 Lloyd, Wm., & Co., Newtown^ Montgomery, Wales— 

Manufacturers. 
Various specimens of Welsh flannel, all manufactured 
from sheep's wool. 

255 PiM Brothers & Co., Ditblin — Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of plain Irish poplin, double tabinet, corded, 
tartan, and figured poplins, registered designs; brocaded 
poplin. 

256 Atkinson, Richard, & Co., 31 College Qreen, Dublin 

— Proprietors. 

Brocaded and gold-barred Irish poplin, with rose, 
thistle, and shamrock coloured to nature. 

Oold tissue Irish poplins, patteim, Prince of Wales's 
plume. Irish poplins, brocaded, ribbed, and double; 
double watered, demi-ribbed, and plain; and shaded, 
plaided, and figured. 

Brocaded and tissued Irish poplin scarfs; Irish popliu 
waistcoatings tissued with gold ; and brocadetl and figured. 

Striped furniture and figured tabourets. Specimens of 
all kinds and qualities of Irish poplins. 



257 Willans Brothers & Co., Island Bridge Mills, neir 

Dublin — Manufacturers. 
Albert and bro^^n mixture, super frieze. 
Cambridge mixture, tweeds for sliepherd's plaids. 
Officers', Serjeants', and privates' military tartan. 
Woollen shawl yam. 

258 Dillon, Luke, 7 Parlia%ncnt Street, Dublin — ^Designer. 

Pieces of friezes and "rumswizzles," of different colours 
and substances; comprising light angola, medium and 
heavy materials for clothing purposes. 

The rumswizzle is made rrom undyed foreign wool, 
preserving its natural property of resisting wet, and 
p->Rfio88ing the qualities of common cloth. 



259 Allen, Richard, 28 Lowr SackvilU Street, Dublin — 

Proprietor. 

Irish-made heather tweeds, of various shades. 

Irish frieze, natural colour, undyed. 

Superfine and napped frieze. 

Sheep's grey frieze, county Meath colour. 

Dark grey nieze, Connaught colour. 

Black cassimere embroidered vests. 

This portion of Irish manufacture, is, probably, one of 
the most interesting in Ireland. The designs are by 
James Healy, a pupil of the Dublin School of DesigB* 
They are worked by Miss Hamilton and others. 

Irish lawn embroidered vest pieces. Linens, various 
qualities. 

Irish linen shirt fronts and Irish linen shirts; exhi- 
bited for quality and work. Frieze wrapper, for gentle- 
men, linea with Irish tabinet. 

Irish sheep's grey and undyed wool firieze pea coats. 
Four-in-hand frieze wrapper. Black tweed morning coat. 
Heather-tweed shooting coat. Tweed youth's morning 
coat. Frieze youth's polka jacket. Frieze Connaught 
man's coat. 

The preceding are exhibited for manufacture, work* 
manship, and costume. 

Fancy tabinet vests. 

Frieze embroidered vests of black doth. Lawn em- 
broidered vests. Linen coats. 

Samples of figured and double-watered tabinets, ma- 
nufactured by Edward Jones, of 3 Si. Andrew Street^ 
Dublin. 

260 Macdona, G., 32 Molesujorth Street, Dublin— 

Manufacturer. 
Piece of frieze, designated the " Albert friese.*' 
Pieces of heather and black tweeds. 
Patent drawers, with bands attached. 
Black embroidered tabinet vesting, embroidered gold. 
Black embroidered cloth vesting, embroidered gold. 



2G1 NiooLLS, Alexander, Cork, Ireland — ^Manu&ciurer. 
Blankets, flannels, swanskins, and friezes. 



262 MuRPHT, Margaret, Ballysmuiton, Blesinion, Ireland 

— Manufincturer. 
Home-made frieze, from wool grown and spun by the 
exhibitor. 

263 Neill, Catherine, & Sons, TaUaght, Dublin— 

Manufacturers. 
Brown mixed, and sheep's grey frieze. 
Blankets. 



264 Daly, John, Tipperan/, Cashel, Ireland — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of plain friezes, of various colours, chiefly 
used for men's clothing, and horse-sheeting. Manufac- 
tured at Rossmore mills. 



265 Jones, E., Dublin — Manufacturer. 
Si>ecimens of tabinets and poplins. 

266 Reynolds, William, 81 Grafton Street, Dublin — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 

Imperial blue and gold, and white and gold tissue 
poplin. 

White and gold, marone, light blue and silver corded^ 
white and gold shamrock figured poplin. 

Imperial blue and amber (''oncidium Devomanum**), 
crimson and fawn colour furniture poplin. 

Imperial blue and white stri{)ed, pink and white, sage 
and violet, cerulean blue and white, cerulean blue and 
cerise, peach-blossom, jonquil, lavender, amaranthe, roee 
de Chine, white, apricot, and Imperial blue double* 
watered fiimiture poplin. 

Scarlet, " juif errant" green, and emerald unwatered 
fumitture poplin. 

Rose de Chine and white corded fumitiure poplin. 

Jonquil, apricot, and cerulean blue semidouble corded 
poplin. 



Kingdom.] 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Transept Gallery. 



499 



SUrer grey, white, blue, and cerise, tri-couleur sham- 
rock-figured p<^liii. 

Imperial blue, fawn and scarlet, fawn and violet satin 
plaided poplin. 

Green and white, solitaire and white, and pearl and 
oerise plaided poplin. 

Ro jal Victoria, Boyal Albert, Royal Stuart, and Gordon 
tartan poplin. 

Imperial blue and white checked poplin. 

Orej shaded and stone-colour semidouble poplin. 

Cerulean blue, oouleur de rose, and vers d'lUy plain 
poplin. 

Crimoon and amber furniture poplin (Shrewsbury 

0. 



267 Fbt, Wiluax, & Co., Dttbtin — Manufacturers. 

Mizad fSikbrics; plain and shaded, figured, watered, 
plaid tartan, and brooaded poplins. 

Curtains, figured, striped, and velvet tabarets. 

Miacellaiieous manufiictures and small wares. Patterns 
of 



268 KiKf.T, J., & Co., Witney — Manufacturers. 
A variety of Witney blankets. 

269 Eaklt, Edward, Witney — Manufeusturer. 

Witney blankets, made from different descriptions of 
Kngltsh wools. 

Blankets made from merinos; from half-bred merinos; 
from pure South-downs; from half-bred Downs; from 
Ozfordahire long wool ; fmm. Cotswold wool ; and from a 
mixture of the previous lots, and some Welsh lambs' 
wool. 

Various crib blankets, girth and roller webs, &c. 

270 Blim, Wiluax, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire — 

Manufacturer. 

Kersey eheck for winter horse-clothing; in new and 
fiuiey patterns, with a specimen suit of horse-clothing, 
ornamentally bordered. 

Registerea double kersey check for improved venti- 
lating horse-elothing, combining the advantages of a 
#uit of hor«e clothing and a blanket; various patterns, 
with specimen fluita made up in a new metliod. 

S'i}«erfine kersey eheck for clothing race-horses; various 
rrttteras, with a ppecimen suit, and a suit of blanket 
cp»thins? for training race-horses. 

I'rinct;'-* check for Huminer horse -clothing, in new 
j<tt%-mfl. with a i«uit of clotliing. 

Roller Webbing for hor.so-clothing. Girth, belt, and 
l.pAi.e wel»>»ing, Itiilway aprons. 

A][*.% Vicuna heaver cloth, fine, for lathes' cloaks; and 
f>^l«>'it. f »r irentleniou'H great-coatd. 

Tw't.ii..* fi»r gentleinen*H trousers. 

Tr»e n^^i-^tcretl Alptt Vicuna Royal shawl; specimens 
in Li»*w {«ittt.'m5 juid coloiu's. 

.\n^'il;i Koyal Hhawbi, in various patterns and colours. 
EW-aviT *L\wI.«». 

Rt^.hjter»"d wintt^r coverlets for beck. 

i' t coverlet, woven in imitation of the Indian tambour 
an 1 ^*i«ket-w.>rk, juid ornamented with needle- work. 

Iui{>erial "puj«" bogging, shown in various subst^mccs 
m^i w~i«lth8. 

White *'puart" cloth. Venetian conl, in a variety of 
C'-'l •or*. 

271 WnEtXER, William Sidney, 4 Lmlj<(tc Sir^rt, 

— Manufjicturer. 
.SATijjilta* of {latent fur beavers; patent dre«3 iK'avers,' 
f«i:<iit m«'h.ur cloths; fancy doeskinH, and woollen an«l 
«ilk vi<9ittii/i*. 

TLir novt'lty of the alwre ]>atent mohair cloth and 
jrtT/^t beavers irf in their being manufacture<l on a jirin- 
npfe tntircJy different from that of other clotlis, and from 
th" peculiarity of the construction in the weaving, pos- 
' Jig grtat advaiiLiges in warmth and wear. 



272 Fox, John J., & Co., Ihrizes — Maimfacturei-s. 

DnJ> milled br«*ad-cloth, wateqiroof, made of South- 
^.fwn ^ij>At grown in Wiltdhirc. 



Narrow cloth for trousers, made of the same wool, 
with samples of the raw material, in various stages of 
manufiEtcture. 

273 Cabr, T. & W., Ttrerton Mills, 5a^A— Manufacturers. 
Super-electoral blue cloth (indigo-dyed), and fast black 

cloth, from Cerman wool. Bath fur beaver, and dressec^ 
fur — fine Australian wool. Extra-milled black beaver, 
and black Venetian, or summer cloth — German wool. 

274 Johnston, J., Xewmill, Eljin, Scotland — Manufactmrer, 
Mauds, or plaids, made of uudyed or natural brown 

wool, of different kinds and countries, viz., Cheviot, 
Southdown, Australian, Peruvian, Alpaca, Vicuna, &c. 
They are used as a wrapper for the shoulders in walldug, 
or for the knees in driving. 

Ends, twenty yards each, natural brown twoed, of 
different wools, waterproofed. These cloths are exhibited 
for cheapness and durability. 

Nos. 275 to 313 in South Transept Gallery. 

Shawls in the South-west Gallery of the Transept. 

275 Kerb k Scott, 31 <md 32 St, PauTs Churchyard— 

Warehousemen. 
Various long and square grenadines, all silk; and 
Bar^e, silk and wool. Square satin figured; and scarf, 
embroidered with gold and silk. Square chenilles. Long 
and square Bar^e harness, wove and printed; long 
grenadines; square Albanian; long soft silk; and Barege, 
with silk stripes. Square crapes, printed in imitation of 
real China. Long and square wool shawls, clan and fancy 
patterns; combination of colouring. Cloakings, clan 
patterns. Harness and jacquard-wove shawls. Long 
and square mosaic compartment, green, white, and scarlet 
cashmere. Long floral cashmeres, and soft silks. Squares 
soft silk, single and double wove. Long India coloured 
and square compartment cashmeres. Manufactured by 
R. Kerr, Paisley. 

27G Lewis &ALLEXBY, 193, 195, & 197 Regent Street— 

Proprietors. 
Barege shawls of British printing (regirfteredj. The 
design, by C. J. Lewis, so an-anged as to admit of various 
combinations of the blocks without destroying in any 
part the continuity and completeness of the j)attem, with 
either plain or filled centre. 



277 Wedber, John, & Haiiis, Oeoiige, 31 Milk St. City 

— Producers. 
Printed Barege long and K<]uare shawls; Cashmere an<l 
Grenadine. Piiuted haudkerchiefo, various ; and Foulaixl 
dresft'cs. 

278 Jameson k Banks, Jloncy Lane Market, ChC'ipsile — 

Manufacturers. 
Barege long shawls, printed, wool textm-o; silk and 
mixed texture. 

liart?ge square shawls, of the same description. 
Cachemire d'Ecosse, printed, wool textui-e. 
Crape s4UiU*e shawls, printed, silk texture. 

279 Keith, Shoodiiiik;e, & Co., l'2\^ Wood Street — 

Piodncers and Propriotors. 
Shawls: i»rinted Barege long and square; grenadine 
silk; Cachmere; mufiicrs; and siitiu long and squiu-e. 

280 H()L5IKS & Co., 117 L'r.jrnt >7/a^— Designei-s 

and Manufacturers. 
Circular shawl, new in form au<l design. lleg".>.tcrcd 
by the exliibitors. 

281 Stande-S & Co., 1 1*2 Jenty/n .^treet, .S7. Jnhus's — 

Importers. 
"NMiite Shethmd knitted shawl. Bridal veil. Pair of 
white stockings. Brown, grey, and white gloves- iiatund 
colours. The Shethmd wool of which these specimens 
com«ijit is haudspuu. 



500 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abeas L. M. N. 0. 10 TO 17, AND South Transept Gallery. 



[United 



282 Littlbb, Mart Ann, Merton Abbey, Surreif — 

Producer. 
Bar^ shawls, of British manufacture. 
Twilled bandfumas, of British manufacture. 
Specimens of wax and chintz printing; exhibited for 
novelty of design and colour, madder red. 

283 SwAiSLAND, Charus, Cray ford, Kent — ^Manufacturer. 
Printed Bar^ shawls. 

Printed Chinese velvet for furnitures (or application 
plush). 
Printed flannels for dresses. 



284 Clabburn & Son, Norwich — ^Manu^Mturors. 

Registered figured Cashmere shawls. 
Spun-silk, fancy check, and Albanian silk shawls. 
Registered Jacquard figured poplins, and Chin^ poplins. 
Jacquard figured and plain dresses, mixed fjEkbrics. 

285 Blakelt, Edward THix>BALD, liker House Factory, 

Duk^s Palace, Norwich — Manufacturer. 

Norwich Cashmere green scarf shawl, gold introduced. 

Shawls of Cashmere wool, pine and flower pattern; and 
pine and flower pattern, gold introduced : the eflect pro- 
duced is by eighty-eight shoots on the inch: design by 
John Funnell. 

Anglo-Indian scarfs, shawls, dresses, brocade, &c. 

286 TowLBR, Cahpin, & Co., Eim JTUi, Norwich, and 46 

Friday Street, London — ^Manufacturers. 

Fillover soaifs: silk ground, the pattern extending 
four yards in length and two in width. Silk ground 
of new designs, and mixed material; the same, white silk 
scarf and shawl, printed. 

White silk-net shawl, printed. Black silk-net shawl, 
printed. 

Ladies' paletots, woven to fit the shape, on silk ground, 
and of mixed materials, with and without ornamented 
villover work. 

Black silk net scarf, printed. 

287 Whitehtll, M., & Co., Paisley — Manufacturers. 
Worsted and cotton scarfia, with tamboured ends; and 

shawls and handkerchiefiB, embroidered; the same in 
wool. 

Quilting, cloth, and wool embroidered vests. 

Embroidered satin aprons and babies' robes. 

Tamboiired and embroidered dresses. Zephyr shawls. 
Silk dresses. 

Plain black scarf and shawl. Cashmere and Barege 
scarfs and shawls. Velvet vests. Table-covers. Cloakings. 

288 Holms Brothers, 7 St^ Mirrcn's Street, Paisley, and 

21 Friday St., Chcapside — Manufacturers. 
Fine wool long shawls — ^the tartans of the clans of 
Scotland. Fancy tartan and plain wool long shawls. 
Vicuna long shawl. Wool tartan cloaking. 

289 Burgess, Charles, Paisley — ^Manufacturer. 
Long woven shawls. 

290 Baird, John, Paisley — Manufacturer. 
Embroidered French merino ladies' dresses. Embroi- 
dered Canton crape shawls. 



291 Forbes & Hutchison, Paisley — Manufacturers. 

Paisley woven, printed, tartan wool, embroidered, and 
figure gauze shawls. Printed, tartan wool, and em- 
broidered handkerchiefis. Printed and tartan wool muf- 
flers. Embroidered vests, and robe. Tartan and printed 
dresses. 



292 AbercroMbie & Tuill, Paisley — ^Manufacturers. 
Printed long and square shawls. 

293 Clare, John, jun., and Co., Caiucyside, Paidey — 

Manufacturers. 
Printed Cashmere long and square shawls or plaids. 



294 Lawson, John^ & Co., Caledonia Print Works, Paisley 

— ^Printers. 
Bar^ printed shawls in wool, and in silk. 



295 Dick, Walter, & Sons, Paisley-- 

Printed Cashmere shawls. 



296 



Roxburgh, John & Andrew, Paisley — 
Manufacturers. 
Woven long shawls. 



297 Macfarlane, Son, & Co., Paisley — Mannfiiciureni. 
Spun silk fabrics, for ladies' dresses, in clan tartans and 

fancy designs. 

298 Stewart, Robert, Paisley — Proprietor ft Producer. 
Hutchison, Thomas, Paisley — Inventor and Patentee. 

Machine for inventing and displaying patterns in stripes, 
cheques, and tartans, by means of uiding mirrors and 
coloured glass, suitable for manufacturOTS of textile 
fabrics, whether in cotton, woollen, silk, or linen, or a 
combination of two or more of these materials. 

The advantages of this machine are — the Badlity with 
which any pattern, or idea of a pattern, may be set up 
and displayed — the variety of designs it can produee— 
and the ease and simplicity of accomplishing them. It is 
not at all necessary to paint the pattern on paper, after 
viewing it through the mirrors, as the scales attached 
show at once the required number of threads of each 
colour, and how many repeats are necessary for the 
breadth of the web, and it displays at once, not only the 
repeat, but the whole breadth, and a considerable portion 
of the length of the cloth at one view. 

By this invention, the precise effect of a pattern may be 
produced, in the course of a few xninutetB, without any 
expense, multiplied to any extent, and it may be enlai^ged 
or diminished at pleasure. The chief novelty, however, 
of this machine, which is exhibited for its simpUoity and 
the ease of its adaptation, is, that the precise effect of the 
cloth in a finished state is accurately represented, the 
crisp transparent effect of a silk fabric being truly giveOy 
as well as the soft and more opaque effect of a woollen 
fabric. 

This invention is new in principle, being a novel i^mli- 
cation of coloured glass to useful and essentially practical 
puiposes. 

299 Morgan, John, & Co., Paisley, and St, PentTs Churdk- 

yard, Londtyn — ^Manufacturers. 
Woven long shawls, of Cashmere yam and new designs; 
of silk and wool ; and of mosaic style^ Woollen plaids. 
Printed Bar6ge long shawls. 

300 Kerr, Robert, Paisley — ManufiKsturer. 

India long and square shawls. Printed and fiaiiey wool 
long and square shawls. 

301 Robertson, J. & J., 3 Fhrbes Place, Paisley^ 

Manufacturers. 
Coloured woven harness, wool plaids and shawls ; 
coloured printed plaids and shawls, in Bar^, Cashmeres 
d'Ecosso, and Cashemere fabrics. 

302 RowAT, R. T. ft J., Pau/fy— Manufacturers. 
Printed Barbge and Cashmere long shawls { printed 

wool square shawls. 

303 Mason, W., & Co., Honey Lane, Cheapside — Producers. 
Drees fabrics — sprinted Cashmere and Llama wool tex- 
ture. 

Printed chind, glace, and printed and embr<»dSrecl 
"jasp^" cai^miere, wool and cotton texture. 

304 Weloh, Maroefson ft Co., Chcapside — 

Manufacturersi 

Dreasing-go^rn fabrics; 



Kingdom.] 



CLABias 12 & 16.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Abbas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Tbakseft Gallery. 



501 



305 SAU>ifoii% B., ft SoMB, 42 Old CAan^^— Proprieton. 

Child's frock, embroidered on French cambric. 

A kdj*! embroidered robe. 

LAdiee' worked sleeTee; worked muslin chemisettee, 
h«bit shirts, collars, jaconet collars, and trimmings. 

Samples of Irish cambric handkerchiefs, embroidered 
in Ireland; and of French cambric handkorchiefs. 

Specimens of muslin trimmings, flouncings, and inaor- 
tions. Ladies' embroidered muslin dresses, ftc. 

Samples of ladies' stays, ftc. 

Selection of muslin and laoe articles, and of articles for 
mourning, for ladies* wear. 

Beleetion of patterns of new trimmings, for dresses and 



Mixed fiabrios of silk and wool, &ncy materiak, for 
ladie^ drsasea. 

dress and mantle, ftc. 



d06 Poos, J. W., 16SaDdl65i2:09#n<SiBr««<— Produoera. 



307 Savcb, J., & Go., Cona«/^-~Manu£Mituren. 

Mixed Cibrios. Ptitent piuma, or six-ounce coat, with 
only one seam in the body, of a material known hitherto 
chiefly in India, and " manufactured by the poor Hindoos." 
Ovltaperoha cases. Plain piuma cloth, waterproofed. 
A new material, a mixture of silk and vicugna, extra 



308 CkuMEnOT, P. A., 3 iLimfi Mead Cottage, New North 
Boad, lairngtom — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
SpecinMQB of woven fiJuics in various colours, plain 
aad igured, fimshed by patent machinery. In dressing 
iiiMiiiwg the oolours of the fabrics are firmly fixed, 
rendered brilliant by chemical agency. 



309 TowuoL, Campih, ft Co., £im Mill, Xorwick, end 46 

Friday Street, Lcmdom — Mannfacturera. 
KonridiGfaaUL 

Satin striped de laine for ladies' dresses. 
Fwunatta cloth for ladies' dresses. Figured and plain 
barige for dresses. 

310 WiiAET, Edward, Nephew, & Co., Xorwich — 

Miinufivcturers. 

Sampler of mixe*! fabrics for ladien* dres-scrt, consii'ting 
• »f >.l3ck and coIouixhI boiubaziues aud jxirauiattiw; plain 
aijri fi^irttl jKiplins, in two colours; santilhmo, cliina 
VirrKrade. aiul e^<tolla brocade, figured in two coloura ; 
«»tin «»trij>e«l cliin<<, threo colours; plain and figured 
b-ilAn*'. ill two coluufB, &c. 

Two patt<TTn of a mixed fabric, composed of materials 
the pr'»duce of nine different countries. 

.'M 1 BoLiXBBoXK, C. ft F., XonriV/*— Manufacturers. 
Vl.da and watered j)oplinfl. 

;»12 Mil>DLETO» ft AiNSWoRTH, Xi^nrkh and Jxmdon — 

Manufacturers, 
p.plini conie<l aud brocaded, and black paramattiia. 



.'113 HixDE, E. ft F., yonrirh — MaDufacturcrs. 
ft*r^src« and bn>cailed j»opling. 



4.12 TlaKXE, THOMAii, Strj^h^-n Stnrt, Wttcrfonf, frclawl 

— Manufiicturer. 

A caiulet cloak, wbich Lsis been in constant use for 
Ki ..-'■ than twenty yearx, 

A j-:^.-»' «»f the flame mvelle*!, to fdiow the texture. 

A "Aiiipb- of the liki? fabric luid comjH)t*ition, but of a 
d.S-ivDt O'b'ur. w:iq» blue, weft green. 

S*:iaj.le of ulufT, single thread-*, half cotton half worsted, 
ari-iy*^i. 

S u'up!*'* "f white aenre, flingle yjim; grey «erge, double 
ymTZi. j^Tren flenre, Kingle yani ; and blue Hcrge, double 

?v !ipb* ''f *t.iir Ci»r]»et, gn^-n, taken (»ff a piece which 
t-fc« U-'M in ui*e for 1»"» year?*; all wool, both warp ;iiid 
• eft, au>i Woven V>y .i linen wc;iver. 



A sample of green flannel, as used by the peasantry and 
working people of the counties of Waterford and We£ford, 
Ireland. 

459 Smith & Whytb, Glasgow — ^ManufEMjturers. 
Embroidered robe de chambre and lady's dress. 

460 Roberts, R., LlanberHs Road, Camarwm, 

Wales — Manufacturer. 
Linsey*weolsey manufactures. 

461 Abchibald, Jane R., Tillicoultry^ 

Manufacturer. 
Plaid shawls. 



462, 463, 467, and 468 plaoedonthe NoHh WaU vM 

Class YI, 



462 BfUJNTON ft Nesbit, Edinburgh — Producers. 
Shawls and scarfs. 



463 Bratsham, George, 61a Park Street, Camden 

Tovcn — Maker. 
Pictorial mosaic cloth-work table-cover or quilt, com- 
prising 32 compartments exclusive of the centre^ which 
is the arms of EIngland; each compartment being an 
imitation of some well-known picture, made of coloured 
cloths, fine-drawn together so as to imitate painting, 
the features being worked with the needle, the whole sur- 
rounded with a border. This work has been the labour 
of leisure hours for a period of nine years and a half. 



464 Gibson, William, ft Co., Tillicoultry, Alloa, Scotland 

— Manufacturers. 
M'Eenzie and M'Loan clan tartan woollen shawls. 
Fancy woollen shawls. Frazer and Forbes clan tartan, 
for ladies' dresses and cloaks. 



465 Archibald, Robert, ft Sons, Tillicoultry, Alloa, 

Set >t I and — Manu facturers. 
Rob Roy, Cohiuhoun, and M 'Donald of Staffa tartan 
long hIkiwIh. Malcolm aud Bruce tartan wool shawla. 
Fancy wool shawls. Koyal Stewart an<l tioixion tiirtana 
for cloakfl or dresaed. Fancy tartaua. All of woollen 
fabric. 

466 Paton, J. ft I)., Tillu^o'iltn,, AUm, Scotland— 

Manu fact u re i-fl. 

Long wool shawls, of various Highland clans and fancy 
patterns. 

Fancy wool tju-tan, designed by Mewii-s. Romanes and 
Paterson, Edinburgh. 

Long wool fancy shawls, designed by Messrs. Mitchell, 
Miller, and Ogilvie, Glasgow. 

Long wool fancy shawls, designed by Messrs. Arthur 
and Frazer, Gla^^gow. 



467 Sinclair, John, jun., 40 S,>uth lUulje Stnxt, 

J.'dinhnrgh — Manufactui"er. 

Scarf plaids, Royal Stusul; Victoria; Sinclair; Suther- 
land or 4Jnd; all wool. Pieces of Ttuian, Royal Victoria; 
McDonald of Slate, or Duke of Rothesay; Sutherland or 
4'-'nd; all wool. 

Tartans were worn in the Western Ishuids and High- 
lands of Scotlantl as early iw l«>iiO, and are suppose*! to 
have been introduced by Queen Margaret. Eiich chm has 
a 8ep;uiite jiatteni, or t4U-t4Ui, for itself, beaiing it« name, 
antl worn by all the individuals of the clan. 

4G8 Wilson, W., & Son. i:<iunocUntrn, near Stlrliiuj, 

Si- 'tl'ind — Manufaetuix'rs. 
Woollen manufactures. 



4C)\) Rrown, Jamks & IIknky. ft Co., rUrick Mills, 
Si'l/Jr/:. Siotlnwl — Mamifact nrers. 
Scoteh tw.i'ds and fancy woollen.-, of various new mix- 
ture'^ aud rttvlcs. 



602 



Classes 12 & 15.— WOOLLEN AND WORSTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 10 to 17, and South Tbansbpt Gallbbt. 



470 Hallt, Obobge, Perthshire — ^Manufacturer. 
Plaids in aeyaral varieties. 



472 HuoHBS, W., Benygroes, near Camarvonr— 

Weaver and Producer. 

Worsted and silk dresses. 

Aprons, of Welsh linsey. Table-cover, of wool and 
flax, a iqpecimen of Welsh weaving. 

474 ScHOPiBLD, Abei^ Spring ffouse, near Delph, 
Saddletcorth — Manufacturer. 

Patterns of woollen goods manufactured in the years 
from 1780 to 1820, showing the styles of that period. 

fine doeskin, or satin-fSace, all wool, suitable for vest- 
ings, ladies' or babies' clothing, &c. 
^Fine buff prunell cashmere, a little milled. 

Fine white cashmere, containing 144 picks in the inch, 
for shawls, ladies' dresses, &c. 

Crimson merino. 

Maude fabrics for shawLs, and speoimens of colours 
dyed in shades. 

Fme patent black broad doth and cassimeres. 



475 HixiHES, William, Bethesda, near Bangor, Wal 

Manufacturer. 
Durable bed -covering. 



477 Watson, J. & A., Galashiels, Scotland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Scotch clan and &ncy plaids. Ladies' woollen scarfs 
or shawls. Woollen tartans (ladies' dresses). Scotch 
tweeds. 

480 Roberts, W. & Co., Galashiels, Scotland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Pieces of Scotch tweeds. 



48 1 Reib, D., & Son, Langholm — Manufacturers. 

Cotton and Scotch wool hose; shepherd's plaid check 
made from Cheviot wool; Australian and (German wool; 
fancy check made from wool (elastic); blue grey check, 
made from Australian wool; fimcy union tweed, made 
from cotton and Cheviot wool. 



486 ^'gT^AT.i. & Bartlemore, Rochdale, Lancashire — 

Manu£BM:turers. 
Flannel: ordinary quality, English wool; middle quality. 
New Zealand wool; nne quality, Australian wool. 

Electoral and Saxony flannel, and electoral shawl, 
German wool. Qauze and imitation "Welsh" German 
wool. 

487 Brook, John & Son, Upper Thong, near ffaddersfield 

— ^Blanu&ctures. 
Specimens of woaded black broad doth, cassimere, and 
doeskin. 

490 BCRNLEY & Sons, Hcckmondwic'cc, near Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
English, Witney, and Irish blankets. American Mac- 
kinnow and scarlet striped blankets. American blankets, 
for clothing purposes. 



493 Thomas, W., Haworth, Keighley, Bradford^ 

Manufacturer. 
Dyed wool, combed; wool-dyed yams, in hanks and on 
spools; dyed yam, floated with silk. 



496 



Stowells & Sugden, Bradford — 
Manufacturers. 
Crimson and white two-fold mohair yam. 



500 His Botal Highness Prince Albert — Produoer. 

(Main Aventie, West,) 

Two brocaded dresses, manufactured by T. Gregoir 
and Brothers, Shelf, near Halifax, Yorkshire. The weft 
of the Cashmere wool shorn from the goats kept by 
H.R.H. Prince Albert, in Windsor P&rk. The warp is <^ 
silk. 

Two shawls and a specimen of coarse cloth manufiM^- 
tured by J. Haley and Son, Bramley, near Leeds. The 
whole of the material is of the Casnmere wool as above 
described. 

The Cashmere goat's wool, of which these artioles are 
manufactiu^ consists of two distinct materials called 
wool and kemp. The wool is beautifully rich and soft to 
the touch, and is probably superior in this ren>ect to the 
finest continental lamb's wool, and eqiael to the richness 
of the Thibet wool. It is also divisible into qualities. 
The kemp presents the appearance of a course rough hair, 
sudi as is avoided by the manufacturer in all purchases 
of wools, deteriorating as it does the appearance of even 
common fabrics by its inferiority and harshness. 

1^ two wools, as shorn from the goat, are closely in- 
termingled, and present the appearance of coarse hairy 
wool of a very low character ; but a minute inspection 
shows that part of it is of a very fine quality. In order 
to separate this fine quality from the coarse, it is ne- 
cessary to do so fibre by fibre; and this has to bo effected 
entirely by hand, no machinery having as yet been applied 
to this purpose. The process is both difficult and tedious ; 
one person not being able to separate more than half an 
ounce in twelve hours. 

After the separation of the qualities, it is desirable 
further to divide it, in order to make a warp yam for 
fabrics like the shawls; but this was impossible in the 
present instance, owing to the small quantity producod, 
otherwise the fabric would have been much finer. In the 
dresses this result has been achieved, because the warp i& 
of silk, and the quantity required for the weft was there- 
fore not so great in proportion. 

The 8i>ecimen of coarse cloth is manufactured entirely 
of the coarse hairs or kemp after it is assorted from the 
finer material of the wool. In a general way this is con- 
sidered worthless. 



501 Underwood, W., 1 Vere Street, Oxfind Street. 

Heraldic tapestry hanging. The Royal Arms can be 
substituted by the arms of any other family. Cloth cur- 
tains in various colours. (In South Transept Gallery.) 



Nos, 463, 467, and 460— Ground Floor, North Side, behitid 
Western Brfreshtnent Boom, 




SILK AND VELVET. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Thib ClaM ippeftM u the representative of the silk and velvet manufactures of the United Kingdom ; tho 
raw malerisl of tho manufacture being far more costly than in the two prectidiDg instances of cotton and 
wonllen. The articles included by this Clasa partako, on the whole, more of the character of products of 
luxury. The beautiful capabilities of the fibre for textile purjMisca, sud its delicate applicability to the pur- 
pi»e» of the dj-er, render silk an interesting and attractive manufacture. The same qualities also combine to 
uffer it as an admirable material for the display of ta3t« and oniamcnt. llic number of Exhibitors rather 
eioeeds tliat of those in cotton, hut falls far below the number exhibiting in woollen and worsted. Manu- 
faclorera are the priDcijial Exhibitors ; but works executed by private hand, and articles exhibited severally 
by iiTOiirietora, have also a place in this Class. 

The jubdivisions of the Class are as follow ; — A. Includes Silk Yams, such as fipun. Thrown, and Sewing 
Silks ; B. Plain Silks of every kind ; C. Fancy Bilks, as Shot, Figured, Embroidered, &c. ; I), Velvets, Flain 
mod Figured ; E. Gauzes and Crapes ; F. Plain Ribbons ; and Q. Fancy Itihinns. 

The articles in the Class are to be found in the Building in the South and Transept Galleries, where 
tticy are cont«ned in plass cases. In this position they offer a favourable opjertimity for contrast with thoM 
uf the principal foreign silk-producing localities, the coutributions of which are msplayod in the Central 
South Uallerj-, on the opposite side of the Transept. 

The principal localities from which articles have hjen received have been tho metropolis (Rpital fields), 
Macclesfield, Leek, Halifax, Derby, Manchester, Leeds, and Coventry. Hut many articles are exhibited which 
have ti'it Nfn derived directly from llie locality occupied by the Rxbibilor, but from others not enumerated. 

Tlic U'^iiiifiil and ftrlislic Silk Trijphy, (x^cujiyiii^ tho cntmnce to the Western Nave, caiioot fail to attract 
n'-'iiv. 'fliis (niphy consists of an eieg.-iiit arrauKemcnt of rich tissues, brocades, ilnmnsks, &c., and is sur- 
i:."titit<>! hy aniikcn banner. A variety of rich and costly pnMluctiousof theSiiitalficldM loiim are exhibited in 
tb-> 'ia!l''ri''M. Tiie colours and textures of these fabrics are of groat brilliancy and finish. An iutcrvetiug 
clliyrjfin ol' s|ieeimensof the raw and manufactured material is also cxhiliiteil. Siiecimens of silk-phisli for 
v.iri'iu* i>i]r|irise.'i, and in imitation of furs, arc likewise found among these articles. The riblwus uf Coventry 
l.ave i)ri|uin.il a universal reputation ; and lliis characteristic manufacture is well represented in the nnnilier 
arid varirty of tijesc article;) hero cxiiibiteil. Tiic application of steam jiower as a snlalitute for haixl-weaving 
ill this niauiifacturc, is making rapid pro/resa, ami mime of its results are apparent in this Class. 

.lit(-m|>ls have liecn at different times made to inlroilucc the breciliiig and culture of the silkworm into 
Eiijliuid. anil with varying results. Some sjicciuicns of the results oTrtnineil by one of llie must jmtient and 
[•T-'Verini: experiments are exhibiteil, lliis laily, now doccasei!, runsidereil herself to have demonstrateil tlio 
inif-rieal-iliiy .if t lie introduction of this art into England. Silkofa l«.iutif«l kind lias l>een productKl, and 
i:iliii!iiii.iiis np|icnr to indieaie the possibility of the art licing successfully prosecuteil. A lar^e laiiner of silk 
LT..WI1 in Kn.;l:iiid is txliilriteil. At present the United Kiuiidom draws lis supply of llie ri\w inaterirtl for 
n.-iMii'situn- ]rritici]nilly from the East indies ; and France, Italy, Turkey, and China, also sujiply a eousiiler- 
il'li- amount. Ti-n vears since the annual iniimrts fur home consumjition nmountcil lo the hirgo sum of 
4.7.;l.7-t."t Us. When it is remembered that all this viist (piantity of textile fibre is the result of the industry 
u l.irt-z, an idea may l>e gainol of tlie ini[>ortHnc« of tilings seemingly iusignificaut. — 1!. V,, 



1 Knfn, Daniei, & Co., 124 ir«d Slnxt— 

MantirBctiirors. 

Fill InjJi-i. — Rith tisunwi, bnicailos, bmcntullcB, silk 

■luiL^kii, f;lk lutd worst^il ilnmaiik, mnvoiiotti^A, cturiiigO' 

l.nin.T'. iliajibiuio. window blinds, and evury variety of 

..Iki rsjiiirwl for upliolst«ry pmjKiBes. This truphy is 

r^l-rwroU'l ID Ihp »cc'imi«nving I'lftto 15. 

(.V..i« Ar.-m.f. Wot.) 

y.rirrA UfTi't^i .-iml et^f ).-»« d'Arri.jtio, iiiiuiiiriu.'t<ir< 
hr SI..B- k K. iiip. .S|,iuitfi,.|,l«. Black gros do Tuut 
lit-j uf ^iUlIii-Ma manufaeture. 



Garniture ribbon, ninniifiictured at Nuneaton, by Cor- 
nell ft Co. The wi.lc ribbon re.)uireK a W"! Jaaiuofd 
uuitliino, and I,7U0 canla t« euinplL-l*; llii: iNittwrii. 



Jow'a Bilk. 

.T Sandehson & Reii>, 7 <;,r>l:<m ,'7c,<-(— Manufiicturcrx 

Spociiiien of silk wciivinK fur a clwir ciiv<;r, euiiiliiiiiii, 
vGlvvt, »iitin,l>r.wuliuK, andtiiWuinB wiUiiiU-H, to n.'pr, 
iwnt silver mid RcU {n^M\o uuiUr M^'h^n-. WiUiiiiM.i aui 
Soworby'H i«tcut for tisauo du viSrre, or glmw Uinfuc). 



504 



Class 13.— SILK AND VELVET. 
South Transept Gallery. 



[Uknbd 



New style of pattern and cloth for furniture. Finislied 
pattern, forming a shape for wainscoating. Specimens for 
wainscoating, with variety of colours. 

5 Robinson, J. & R. & Co., 30 Milk Street, Cheapside— 

Manufacturers . 

Black and coloured velvets for vestings, and for church 
and upholstery purposes. 

Black amozines for professional robes. 

Plain silks and satins for vestings. 

Silks and satins for cravats. 

Figured silks for vestings and dress. 

Figiu-ed satin for fancy purposes, got up as a remem- 
brancer of the Exhibition. 



Robinson, J. & T., Fort Street, Spitalfielda — 
Manufacturers. 
Black and coloured velvets. 



7 Stillwell, James, & Son, 7 Wiite Lion Street, Norton 

Folgate — ^Manufacturers. 

Samples of crimson, cerise, blue, and gold brocatelle, 
for ciu*tains, kc. Samples of claret, green and gold, and 
cerise and white damask. 

Pattern of Dalmatia robe, worn by the Queen, at her 
coronation. 

8 Washington, T. & Davees, W., 13 & 14 Milk Street, 

Cheapside — ^Manu^eu^turers . 
Waistcoatings in lengths, of Spitalfields manufacture, in 
imitation of foreign furs. 

9 Walters & Sons, Wilson Street, Finshury, and Kettering 

— Manufacturers. 
Specimens of plush used in the manufacture of silk 
hats. 

10 Wilson, James, k Co., 37 Walbrook — 

Manufacturers. 
Silk plush for hats. 

[A variety of causes, in addition to the scarcity of fur, 
have led to an entire change in the material for hats. At 
present, the greater number of hats are covered with a 
tissue of silk plush, laid over a stiff body. The silk plush 
forms the nap of the hat, and is manu&otured in lai^e 
quantities for this purpose.] 

11 Swan & Edgar, Piccadilly and Regent Street — 

Proprietors. 

Silks, &c., Spitalfields manufactiu*e — ^Black gros de 
Naples, Ducape, gros de tour, glac<$, satin, satin Grecian, 
barrathea, Bsdmoral, parapbanton, watered silk, velvet, 
armozine royal robe silk, gros royal, Radzimore, Berlin, 
Orleans, vest satin and antique watered silk. Manu- 
fEictured by Messrs. J. Balance k Sons. 

Coloured damask figured silk, new ground, manu- 
factured by Messrs. Stone and Kemp. Coloured striped 
glac^ and small check silks ; colourod chin<$ silks, mauu- 
mctured by Messrs. Winkworth k Procters. 

1 2 DoTHorr, Jonathan, 26 Steward Street, Spitalfelds — 

Manufacturer. 
Brocade garment silks. 

13 Bon>, Isaac, Spitdl Square — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered figured damask silk furniture, ** hollyhock 

Catteni;" white watered figured garment silk, "thistle, 
ell, and heather pattern;'* blue tissue and gold figure 
garment silk, "pfliisy, lily, poppy, and rose pattern." 
** Moird antique, for garments, various colours. 



14 Grboson k Brfen, Grcsfmm Street West — Agents. 

Irish poplin or tabuict, plain, plaids, ribbed, double 
Irish, watered, and moinS antique. Manufactured by 
Mr. Wm. M. Geoghcgan, 50 Francis Street, Dublin. 



15 Seameb, T., 5 Milk Street, Cheapside^ 

Manufacturer. 

Thirty-six inch moir€ antiques, English dye and ciim0on 
velvet. 



16 Lewis & Allenbt, 193,195, & 197 Segeni Street— 

Designers. 

Silk, brocaded with colours. Designed by 8. W. 
Lewis. The beauty and difficulty of production of this 
silk will be more readily understood from the £u!t thai 
its manufacture requires the use of nearly 30,000 oards 
and 100 shuttles, and it is stated to be the first instanoe 
in which a brocade, introducing so large a number of co- 
lours (fifteen), has been successfully attempted in Eng- 
land. Manufactured in Spitalfields. 

Brocaded ribbons. 



17 Graham, Robert, k Sons, 31 Spital Square — 

Manufacturers. 

Velvet, satin, and watered silks. 



18 Stone k Kemp, 35 Spital Square — Manufiaotiirers. 
Velvets. Figured and chin^ silks. 



19 Sewell, Evans, Hubbard, k Bacx>n, 44, 45, ft 46 

Old Compton Street — Proprietors. 

Registered figured damask silk, brocaded in various 
colours, manufactured by Messn. Campbell^ Harrison, 
and Lloyd, Spitalfields. 

Plain moir^ antique. 

Registered figured damask made in a Jaoquard and 
Bannister loom, by Messrs. Winkworth and Procten, 
Manchester. 



20 Clark, Jane, 170 Regent Street — Designer aiMl 

Manufacturer. 

Spitalfields enamelled silks, vIe. — 

A white ground, covered with gold baskets filled with 
green enamel shamrocks. 

A white ground with rainbow enamel. 



21 Le Mare, Joshua, & Sons, 27 Spitai Square — 

Manufacturers. 

Black satinette, of inferior quality, woven by power- 
loom, and of superior qualitv, woven by hand-loom. 

Coloured satinette, of medium quality, woven by hand* 
loom. 

The advantage of satinettes over satins consists in their 
brilliancy being produced in the process of manufieurture, 
without dress or any other artificial means; consequently 
they are as cheap and more durable. 

Black ducape, watered, of large and small pattenw 
and medium quality. 

Black coloured velvet, of medium quality. 



22 Cornell, Ltell, & Webster, 1 5 St, Pauft Churchyard, 
and Nuneaton — Manufacturers. 

Chin6 and brocaded sash and other ribbons. 



23 Casey, J., & Phillips, T., 13 Spital Square-^ 

Manufacturers. 

Silk, velvets, Algerias, ^oe-de-Naples, glac^, gros, &c. 



24 Robinson, Jas. k Wm., k Co., 3 and 4 MHJk Street, 
Cheapside — ^Manufacturers. 

Crimson velvet for pulpits. 

Blue and marone velvets for waistcoats. 

Brown and blue plush for coats and vests. 

White satin and white tabby silk for embroidery* 

White and black satins for shoes. 

White and black satins for vests. 

White watered and figured silks for waistcoats. 

Black serge and white laveutino for coat sloovo and- 
ttkirt linings. Black armozincs for robes. 



aumu^-eiui 



AHD VELVET. 




dt) Miki aad figoMd bordan, ihal wftii 

iSiiii'ii«* fill ' ^^ 



so CtBt^ TatimOb, ft Bii, 9 JhmpSrett,Ci0ap*ldt 

— MMniwtonn. 

dpeoBBdrtM. FboTBd Mtin dnM. 



, HimKUDH, & Llotd, 19 Friday St.— 
Manufiusturan. 

Colonnd moM utique. Brocade Ggore for vcetiDgs. 



32 Ciow, CmMLO, 19 (JidJfr Lone, CK«apiiib — 

Q|iaiiiumi of JKqnud dlk weaving, 29 iDches bj 24, 
foriniU of Her H^jerty the Queen, and H.R.H. Prince 
Albert, with emblematic deoorationa. 

Ifgnred Ktm craTata; figured crarati (not satin). 

ftitiB dteeked bandaunaa, vaiimu vidtha. 

Sstin chocked fimaaela, Tarioiu widths. 

Bad ImnlanTiii. ootdad and plun bordeni, ynrioiu 

nltlM. 

Blai^ dncapea; black BruaaeU twill; block milit&rf 
t«iU ) aad black baiathea twill, all ot mioua qualitiw. 
"■--^ -■— ' "" It widths. 



BlaJ^ata 



Orejr twilled bandauna^lahi and printed. 
fcmrlMrf ailkg, tmw, Cbina, Bengal, and Italian. 
ftMiijilM of ailk, thrown, gum boiled 00", and dfed. 



33 Mammau. ft SviLaaoTB, II and 15 Vem Street, 
r<at^M fqaare, and 19 IlenriMa Street — Proprietoi 
BK«d nlka— Shadsd glac^ ailt of Britiih inuufacture 
(bj Uman. Wmkworth and Procten, of Hanchcet«r), dia- 
jilajiiift (ha nriet j of buea in each shade of colouring. 
ne nomber of tlirgadi to each ihade U owr two thoii- 
I about twenty tinta in the dyeing. 




Figured dunank sitb, grawn and vannd off at YttHtgf 
Ifortb Hants { an agridvOiml e^Mbnent. 

En^IiKb cli-itli, ciiibndd«Nd wHh dft, KNwn and 
w.-M,T-.r.rr-.r V,''1m'. Haiiahatiindt^llMKa.S<MiU»i 
>VM,-t'. 'M . ] 'vith tlwir patant nr- 

.].i : oftheohaaUkau 



Watte dlk, bomoc 



S Oroot, JoavR, 4 Co., FiitUr t mt M aiililbiiliiiMa 
Folded and nllad blaek etifM, dngle, dovbla, ttaUa^ 

Mid four thnada. Colonrod aerophane co-^a. 

Colonnd liiaa pum. Qoaaamw of nriona ooloma, 

tiaad for Teila. 



ded. imkm 



17 Dub, Avmn, 87 OAph Stnet, 4>ftat)bU^- 
Agent. 
FlgOTed rilki, deaigttedmd wombf flnpnpUaofOM 
^talfields School of Derign. 



88 BwNSucmnvT, J. ft T., ft Son, MaM3«^idd— 
HannbetorMa. 

Baw iilk, realad. ThMwn tSk and d^ed aUk. 

Sewing allk in nw and dyad atata, qnui rilt from »■ 
Auw kmibB and hndn, aohlUtiiv the materi*] and tta 
■twea in pocea^ oon^atiDK of yan^ o^a, and sooda. 

Saanfiiotuivd gooda •.— velvota, aatina, moireantiqnei, 
glao^ grosde Naples (figured and plain) ; lerantinee, sergea,- 
yertings, sarsnete, Persians, ribbons, hat and rulway car- 

Ladies' and gentlemen's black, coloured, plain, and 
figured bandkercbieTs, sciufs, shawls, &c. Qoaie veils. 



30 Amhead, W. & Co., Maccletfeld—VroAiuien. 

Silk dyed in tbe skem, and prepared for the use of thi 
manufacturer. 

40 C&ncHLEt, Bainblev, & Co., MmxlafM — 
HanufactureiB. 
Silk in the manufactured state. 
Ladies' foulard dresses, aprons, neckties. 
Oentlamen's oravata and boys' nock-handkorcliiBfa.— 

Designs r^;iatsred. 



41 WuDLB, Henet & Thomas, ft Co., MaccUsfcUi— 
HoDufacturera, 

Ladies' silk handkerchiefs, plain and checked, figured 
and chin£. 

Boys' eravale. 

Gentlemen's pocket handkerchiefs and onvata, 

Ladies' small silk shawls. 



r IFaUfar. 



42 Hauvten & Sons, Kthroyi MiU> 
Htknufacturers, 
HtustraUons of the production of wnste silk from the 
<^(gs of tbe silk-worm. Cocotins in ttiu biuh ; the cocoon 
as left by the worm ; the waste of tbe cocoon in the 
brush. Specimens of raw material : waste silk in the 
dressed and carded state; the same in the slubblng and 
thick roving, and in fine rovingn. Bingle and double 
spun silk yams. 

43 



506 



Class 13.— SILK AND VELVET. 
South Transept Gallery. 



[Ukited 



44 Bbouqh, Joshua, James, & Co., Leek — 

ManufiEMJturers. 
Sewing silks, raven and jet black. 
Purse or netting ailk. 
Leger twist, in balls. Silk twist, in balls and reels. 

45 Hammebslet & Bentley, Xe^A— Manufecturers. 
Twist of various colours, in balls and on reels, for 

tailors. Italian sewings, for tailors and milliners. Purse 
twist. Black silk twist, in hanks, for tailors. 

46 Weston & Son, Leek — ^Manufacturers. 

Various buttons, including Florentine, brown Holland, 
real twist Italian, white cotton and worsted, netted silk, 
silk barrel, rich twist (needlework dome), rich twist, 
youths' dress silk, silk fancy vest, and ladies' silk dress. 

47 Davidson, John, & Co., X«tfA— Manufiacturers. 

Baven, jet, and drab cloth sewing silks for tailors. 
Jet, drab, and coloured silk twist. 
Jet and coloured sewing silk for milliners. Stay silk. 
Veil, vest, and shawl embroidering silk. Saddlers' 
silk. 
Black, white, and coloured floss silk. 
Tram, for figuring, embroidering, or weaving. 
Boot-closing. Purse twist. Silk sei^e. 

48 Alsop, Robins, & Co., Z<reA— Manufacturers. 

Black and coloured silk seizes. Black silk handker- 
chiefs. 

Black 20 handfeunng, double plain, vratered, and plain 
and watered. 

Black Prussian bindings. Black and coloured galloons. 

Black sewing silk, and black and coloiu^d twist, in 
balls and reels, dyed by W. Hammersley & Co., Leek. 

Coloured purse or netting silk. 

Yellow weaving, or barber's twist. 

Silk whip-lashes. Needlework buttons. 

49 BridoeTT, Thomas, & Co., Derbif — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of sewing-silk for saddlers, bookbinders, 

staymakers, tailors, &c., netting or purse-twist, and plain 
sarsnet ribbon. 



50 Allen & Holmes, Derby — Manufacturers. 

Black silk ribbons and braids. Algerines. Black satin 
trimmings. Silk warp, prepared for the manufacture of 
various fabrics. 



51 Smith, Mart, 3a Abb:y Street, Bcthnal Green — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Chenille shawl, made of choice silk, and manufactured 
in a loom made for the purpose. Exhibited as a specimen 
of manufactured chenille, and as a useful article for wear 
and warmth. 

52 Gbosvenor, William, Kidderminster. 

Manufacturer. 
Silk brocade, brocatelle, and figured satinet damasks, 
for upholstery. 

53 Pulling, James, 6 Brvdenell Place, New North Road 

— Manufetcturer. 
Trains of cn^ timics and tucks« 
The Lady Peel mantle. 
Train trinmiings in graduated sets^ 
Elizabethans. Berthas. 



54 Wright, P. & R., Edmhwnjh — Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Figure of the Duke of Wellington on horseback, in silk 
damask. 

55 Jackson, Mrs. k Miss Amy, 3 Brill Row, Somers 

Town — Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Fancy balls, in cloth, leather, velvet, satin, &c., of dif- 
ferent combinations; the seams fimshed with a gilt cord 
or thread, and the ends omamented mih the same 
materials. 



56 Wilson, John, 5 Church Passage, Spited Squat 

'Manufacturer. 
Mourning hat-band, manufactured of silk, woven circu- 
larly, and sufficiently elastic to fit over the hat. 

57 Burke;, Thomas Haswell, 6 Bull Bead Court, 

Newgate Street — Manufacturer. 
Embossed silks, velvets, &c. : ladies' sashes and 
flounces ; and trimmings for mantles, dresses, millinery, 
and parasols. 

Model of the Exhibition Building, embossed, about 
four feet six inches long. 

Victoria mounts for the decoration of drawings and 
prints. 

Embossed lace papers, hand-screens, caixl-racks, folios, 
ornaments for dimng-tables, and various other articles. 

58 Qreensheelds, Walter, Whitburn, Linlithgowthirc — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of ornamental work, accomplished without 
the aid of a needle. 



59 Penfold, C, 4 Blacknux>r Street, Clare Market — 

Manufacturer. 

Gauze diaphane for covering looking-glass and picture 
frames, &c. 

Groose-quill chain, made by R. R. Acton, G Lowndes 
Terrace, Kuightsbridge. 



60 Evans, Samuel, Wirksworth, Derhyshu 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of silk plush for vestings. 

61 Holdforth, J., & Son, Leeds — Spinners, Inventors, 

and Importers. 

Various specimens of the article known as silk wasto, 
Chinese, Italian, and British. 

Specimens of single and double spun silk yams, from 
the coarsest to the finest ntunbers, the finest having 
428,400 yards to a pound (No. 510 cotton reel), and L» 
used to a great extent for the manufacture of a variety of 
goods. 

Samples of silk yam, dyed and finished, ready for tho 
msmufacturer. Spun by the exhibitors* patent process, 
by which greater brilliancy and strength are said to be 
obtained, and a very near approach to net silk, for which 
it ia substituted for a variety of pm'poses. 

62 Harrop, Taylor, & Pearson, Piccadilly, Manchatisr 

— Manufacturers. 

Pink, white, sky, and maize gros de Naples for ladies* 
bonnets; exhibited for cheapness. 

Black gros de Naples and ducapes, for ladies' drosses. 

Black edged ducape, 22 inches tape edged armaziue 
and black velour for hat-bands, scarfs, and clergymen's 
gowns. 

Gros d'Eoosse, various mixtures, used for ladies* 
dresses, mantles, &c. 



63 Booth & Pike, 4;^ Oldham Street, Ifanchester 

— Manufacturers. 

Imperial or carded plush for hats, bonnets, &c., in the 
various stages of manufacture : viz., 1st, grey, as it leaves 
the loom; 2nd, as it api>ear8 after the nap has been 
raised partly by hand and partly by steam-power by 
means of teasels and cards; 3rd, the same with the nap 
shorn of a uniform length; 4th, black, as received from 
the dyer; and, 5th, when finished and ready for use in 
various colours. 

Galloons, or bindings and bands with the buckles 
attached, ready for the hat. 

Hat linings, of various qualities and descriptions, with 
specimens of the same in the piece. 

64 Houldsworth, James, & Co., Portland Street Mill, 

Manchester — Designers and Manufacturers. 
Specimens of Jaoquard figured silk fabrics, suitable 
for furniture, consisting of silk tissue, brocades, broco- 
tolles, &c. 



OkiB I8^-SII£ ARD-VKLViei; 



MM of patent nucliins embroidnTies, conaisUng 
1^ taUtt^oven. eiirtkiiu, puieU. medallioiu, Ax, 
" n of Um Urge mtin qailt, uid the 
"' ig, are exhibited w noveltie 
Asaaitiy Bpedraem of cocooiu. 



He nowo andi 
ti ODnnnnia V 

ii4K '»e Bu tod in tbe awompaaying Plate 



lull I'f^^f**" ' 

n* intaf aQ Toimd the oetitre groop of fleuroE, u 
■ kd ^HvB, compcoed of tlie &»ilben7 lea! anil 
•■Ki aulwlliui with ao onuunoiilnl scroll. On a blue 
(Ate* ta tl>« motto '■ Paliuanon ilna ililigcntin." This 
aiad two laogtha of wtin <lania><]c, invugliC io mcdalUona 
ftoca tba aMii|>M, am the rwulc of fnurteen j-aon' ua- 
Urtaf and iiMlli(;Miit iMnwronHwe id the endeavour to 
bnaS aUkwuna aoooaaafUlly for conunercdal purpoaoa in 
Koahftd. Thl* labour ww roluutarily uadertaken by 
the kM Hia. VhUhj of Nowlaiida. in tbo couii^ of 
ft-Vhwrrrf*'^ Hm wnniu were boru and niiiod at New- 
I, aad Cb* ailk; wound by her own puoplo. The 
' '■ that fed than, which were ^wn in a 
I, ara of the FUliivilie variety, ilonii 
> imported by Hn. Whitby, from 




. Whitby coinmaQicated the 
1 through 10 yeois, in the 
V to pnnw Um pnaiQiiltty of profitably rearing 
Ik* OWH Ik F-^— ^ She oonmieniod her eipari- 
■mM hf mmflhlag Om b«rt Toiaty of mulberry-tree. 
IhiA mUA ■■bait—* i^^^iBW M Iwr to believe to 
WkartiriladbrttbpBpaaanatliaJKru nti/lwWii, 
•f tta rU^flM bhadk lUi mwty na introducod 
If 1 III llf )■ ia4e. nw wwgbt of leaf bome by thu 
«Mia^ Sm VMJ frcot, and it admita <rf easy propagation 
fa *fiM pwmL With can^ and an abundant mpply of 
BaMD^ tha aiae of leaf attained in Hampehire nan very 
gi a aL Tlw egga employed wore of the large Italian «ort. 
AAar much patient orperimant, Hm. Whitby became 
«oll*ii>oad that the ailkwonn could be aa easily reared in 
P'1l''~* it in any other country, and with as little losa. 
Eqnabla warmth throngfaout the period of the iiuectV 
'on, and ventilation, with 
n to the mitobility of food to the nge of the 
t, an italed aa the eaaentiBl elements of auccevaful 
The milt produced waa pronounoed by the 
■t eminent manufacturan equal, and in lotne apecimeiu 
aaparior to the but Italian mlk, and Hm. Whitby olse 
«ijuaailLt»d riie had proved tliot the tmltiratioii of silk in 
Uua eooDtry could be pumied aa a profitable under- 
tokinf . Several attempta have bean and are now being 
maile io imitation of the laboan of thia lady, and benu- 
tifnl Uiriee have baoi woven ofailk of home-produoe.— 
»-E.] 

65 Wdkwoktb ft PaoCTKB*, Mmchiaitr— 

UaanfiKturBn. 
Flgorad nlk* of different deaigna and choraoter. Chinf 
■Ik. aCripad all over, and waterad; and plain ailk of 
wiooa kiad* and qualities. 



6fi COl, B. a. & Co., T .'<l. PauTi Ckircknard, ami 
Cimfry— Uanufacturen. 

Two ridl aaahaa and other ribbona. 

Tte iliaijpia of two of tha aaabea arc taken from Pal- 
ba'a "Flower Oardan." The one, T incbeawide, "The 
^Utwiqg gbnd-baacisg tnimpat- flower" (.Utnoca/ymina 



67 Brat, Cb^uius, & Co., CfmaUry — Manufacturera. 
lUbboun illustrative of the ordinary Coventry ribbon 

manu&cturo. 

6B Calvioott, R. & R,, GiBm^ry-^Hanufactiiror. 

RibbonB; apecimena of Coventry manufaoture. 

[The staple trade of Coventry is the manufacture of 
ribbona and of throim silk, eatablisliad now about a oen* 
tury and a half in that town. A lor^ number of hand* 
looms are concerned in ribbon-weaving, many being at 
work in tlie homes of the vreavers. Of late, ataam ptnMT 
has likewiae bo«n employsd. The ribbon tradaof O w iM 
try ozceeda tliat of ouy otlior town in the Dnttad IHllg" 
dom.— B. E.] 



lufcctured at Covontiy. 



72 OOVKKTZT BiBBOHB COKXITOCB— lYoduCSTt. 

of Coventry ribbons. 
RATUfT, Jonn, & CutoFKA^ CbMRtry— 



Flun aatia, striped or vaUinn satin, and plain and pur* 
edged lutestnng nbboDs; white simple &ncy riblKinaj 
coloured simple fancy ribbons, for summer and winter. 



>n trimmingii, for dresaea, exhibited fur oheapneu, 

6 H*BT, J,, Cormlry — Mimiiiacturer. 

Groupof ribbons, exhibited for cheapDeea ofpr-Mluctlon. 



77 Robinson, Thohxs, (Si«n/ry— Manulaoturor. 

Figured antin ribbons, produced by stoiun -power. Fi- 
gured lutBulring ribbons; cut-edged ribbons. Itich bro- 
caded nbboua made by patent brocading batten, by sleom. 
Watered pod ribbons. 

Half Cliina ribbons, used for t3nng up cambrics, glove^ 
tec. : this is the norninast wovun &brio mode in silk. 



78 UcH*E, Jobs, Cirtnlry — Hanu&cturer. 
MouminggauEe; crniw, lore, and rich figured lutestring 

ribbons. 

79 SrtmPT & TiTKMEil, (?awiilry-_Manufaaturon<, 
Sample* of nblioQs, eiliibited for design, and the appli- 
cation of steojii power to it« manufacture. 

RibbonB ethibitod for design and eiocition. 
Specimens iUuetrattve of a peculiar quality of whito 
ribbon. ^ 

80 BaowKTT, W. & H., Owm/d/— Manufacture™. 
Bullion fiingoj for drewes or cloaks ; sowing silk fringe* 

fordresBoe; mohair fringoe forcloiUiB; black fancy iiui- 
lions and fancy sewing silk fringiw for clonks. 

Sdk brace weba; silk belt webs for ebildran, 

lAdiex' fancy belts. Black Iwt bindings. 

Gim]i and fancy triiuuiiDgR f-tr dresses. 

Samples uf dyed silks and cottons uwd In the almt* 



508 



Class 13.— SILK AND VELVET. 
South Tbansbft Gallebt. 



[To the Chinese we owe the knowledge of the manu- 
facture of Bilk J but its origin, even with them, ia hid in 
remote antiquity. Silk was brought overland from China 
to Rome, within a century after Alexander had opened 
the passage to India. In the reign of Aurelian, a.d. 270, 
its price was so high, that a pound of silk was sold for a 
pound of gold, nearly equal to 50/. About a century 
later its purchase was within the reach of all classes at 
Rome; and in the reign of Justinian, a.d. 551, by the 
agency of two Nestorian monks, who brought the eggs of 
the silkworm from China, the manufacture of silk vras 
introduced into Europe. Venice and Lyons afterwards 
took the lead in its European manu&cture ; and the re- 
vocation of the edict of Nantes brought the first silk 
weavers to Spitalfields in 1685. 

Silk is still imported from China, and it excels that of 
every other country, in brilliancy and colour. Consider- 
able quantities are also imported from France and Italy; 
the silk of the latter country being esteemed the superior. 
The silk manufacturers of England have successfully 
striven under many disadvantages (one of which has been 
the difficulty of raising the raw material at home), to 
cope with the continental manufacturers in the produc- 
tion of elegant fabrics, and they now produce some 
which rival, if they do not surpass, those of foreigners. 
Manchester, as an example, exhibits ** gros de Naples " 
as good and as cheap as that of Lyons; and the establish- 
ment of our Schools of Design bids fair to secure our 
superiority in the taste and beauty of our patterns. 

Of the various kinds of sUk fabrics presented to our 
notice, we can only describe a few. Damask, which was 
formerly used for dresses, is now chiefly employed in 
furniture; it is a twilled fabric made in the same manner 
as linen damask, with flowers, birds, and other orna- 
ments worked into its texture. Brocade is a fabric into 
which, originally, threads of gold and silver or a mixture 
of these were introduced to increase the richness and 
splendour of its appearance. This name, however, is 
applied to rich silk stuffis, as satins, tafietos, lutestrings, 
&c., adorned with flowers and figures. Satin is a glossy 
silk twill to which the soft and glistering appearance is 
given by rendering a great number of the threads of the 
warp visible in the process of weaving: instead of raising 



each half of the warp alternately, only a fifth or an 
eighth part is raised, so that the face which is thtui worm 
downwards, presents an even, close, and smooth sorfiMSo. 
To improve its appearance, when taken out of the loom, 
it is rolled on heated cylinders which renders llie fiuse 
still more smooth, and imparts to it a more brilliuit 
lustre. The smooth and plain fiibrios, as lutestring; gros 
de Naples, Persian, ducape, levantine, sarBSoeA^ Ac., 
differ from each other chiefly in their thk^neas and 
quality. Some of these, however, are figured. Taffirty 
is a fabric of a wavy lustre imparted by pressure and 
heat, with the application of an acidulous liquor which 
produces the effect called watering. Tabby and tabbinota 
are varieties of the latter. Armozeen is a thick plain silk, 
generally black; used for clerical and funeral purposes. 

Velvet is distinguished by the soft pile on its suifiusey 
which is produced by the insertion of short pieces 
of silk thread doubled \mder the weft, and so crowded 
together as entirely to conceal the interladngs of tlia 
warp and weft. The loops of the thread are after- 
wards cut, and then they exhibit the a{^>earanoe of a 
brush; the pile is produced by the separation of Uie 
threads, and the application of machinery to cut them 
smooth and even. The warp and pile of good velvet are 
both composed of organzine silk, which is composed of 
several threads of raw silk twisted or throwi together in 
the form of a rope; and its richness depends upon the 
relative numbers of its pile threads. Velvets are said to 
be of different degrees of richness, via., of two, four, or 
six threads, according to the number of pile thz^tda 
inserted between each of the dents of the reed. The 
velvets of Spitalfields may be safely compared with 
foreign velvets in fineness and strength, as well as in 
general appearance. 

Ribbons, or, more properly, ribands, are chiefly made 
at Coventry, and have of late so much improved in 
manufacture, that our home producers can now vie wHh 
the foreign. They partake of the same varieties in 
general, as the lai^er silk fiabrics; they are frequently 
ornamented with a pearl edge, which is formed by 
making some of the threads of the weft project beyond 
the rest. Clouding is an appearance given to ribbons in 
the dyeing.— R. W.] 




FLAX AND HEMP. 



INTRODUCTION. 



■rfvl* *■ AmloMBnt of 



i Ae tktflt material {or vegetaUe textile maniifoctiiTes In the United Eingdom to^ 
. . t of tta oottoB tade. Tba application <rf oottcxi, is it« preeait extairive d^ree, ia alto- 

-grtftiraB(hn';iH ttito matsrial has afaeadr. In manr inalanoea, entirely, ana In otbera in part, replaced flax 
■■d tmm aad *■ aota a tMlfap b coatinnaliv pn»eeaing in freah direotioii " 



■ coatbnaliv pnweeding in freah direcdioiia. Foi manv pnnicaea, bowanr, 
aelfaaaprohaUeinlstirate fiir tbe tptf«rialw ocnoemed in tbiaClaM. Tlia 
K prcfxrtiei f for beat) poaaMaed by oOttaa and flax atone h 

'",- - : . . . s;:i. ^uniiactme,wlijdi,ocnyded with Ihtjrdiftetntphyaiaal and s 

jicrtu.:, '.'.i.L |.ii.;^U'. ilK'.:l\m II iiikrtbeiremplojnieDt in textile fabrioadiatuuit. 

The ClflM amiprchciiiU tlie InlknringSnMTlanM:— A. Flax-fibre, In ite nriotis aoDdltiana,a«8.__. 

UMtacqpeil, Hedtlcd, &o. ; B. Limb Tan and Thread ; 0. Plain linena (rf all widtlu, Bleaohed, UuH , 

■Bd DjMd I 1>. IhuuiBkii, DiapuH, DriUjL and other Twilled Linoia ; X. Cambrioa, Ounbrio and linen E^utd- 
kafcUofc, I.a«M, A«. 1 F. CVnkipof atlkindi. 

Tbe inilinii Mvupinl by tli< > (yeota in tbii ClaM ia the ExhiUtJm BnQdlng la near Oie Weatein SntranofL 
<at tbavnlli tideof the Nil ., < i nnd Floor. The Areaa deroted to Qteir reckon are L. and U. 6 to 8, and 
N. and 0.4 to 6. Od t!i< Nil, Wall, also, in a teoeaa near the flax machinerf, in Chm T., are placed qwci- 
meto of bwTv canvss. -nil-.'. ;!,, ftc, and !n a part of the space occupied by CUmXI., will alao be found 
Tjri'.-i: ■, i„.-i'.i - 1 1 '■■.I ; r.i the present Class. 

A great varictj of damaaks of different kinds are exhibited. The design of several of theao represents in a 
ibfciUr manner the succcxs with which the Jacqnard principle is applieil lo the ornamentation of fabrics for 
The localiliea supplying tbeee and similar articles are cbicfly Belfast, Dunfermline, Bamslcy, 
ter. Some intereating collections of the materials used, and of its first stages of preparation for 
manabctiire, are likewise shown. The most ordinary articles such as sacks, threads, fisbiu^-ncls, ropes, and 
tviae^ baTe all a place of interest and importance in this Class. The heavier descriptions of flax mannfactnrca 
are enpfiUed chiefly from Dundee, Hull, Greenock, and Arbroatb. The machinery necessary to weave some of 
tbeae prodoctions, inch as sail-canvas, sacking, &c., presents a forcible contrast by the size and power of its 
Dvta to the lighto- and more elegant machines employed for wearing the fine cambrics used for a )>ockct-hand- 

SpecuDoni of articles manufactured from different kinds of flax and hemp will also attract notice, and illns- 
trate the peculiar applicability of these sorts far different fabrics. Jute, a fibrous material of recent introduc- 
tina from the F.»st Indiea, is becoming extensively employed, particularly for carpctini;a, sacking, baics, &c., in 
vhidi a fine material is not necesa^. The beautiful flax preiiared at Courtrai, and adapted exclusively for 
tbe neat delkate fabrics, is empWed in the manufacture of many of the articles exhibited. Britisli, Russian, 
China, and Manilla hemp, enters mto tbe composition of others. 

In 1841, npwarda of one million and a quarter cwts. of flax and tow were imported into En^Eland at a duty 
me penny a cwt,, yielding conaeqneutly about 5,500/. to the revenne. The flax factories in the Unitea 
Kinfjdom are of great mze and importance, and employ a lar^e number of opemtives in direct or indirect con- 
neiioD with thnn. If it should become pOMible to obt^n cheaply an adequate supply of flax of home ])roduc- 
1, and of tbe fit quality for the purpoees of the spinner, the dependency of this country upoa the East and 
mica for oottoD as a textile material would be greatly lessened, and an important field of commercial activity 
would be laid open at our oivn doom. But the properties of flax, and the tedious proces'Ksneo.-ssary for its pK|n- 
ntion. have hitherto proveil an obstacle to its more extensive employment. A variety of ex]>eriments on this 
mbject art however in progress, the ultimate result of which can scarcely be foreseen ; and it appears already to 
bara beoi proved by actual trial that this fibre can, aflcr preparation, be applied to the ordinary mnchincr}' of 
tbe cnttcn-mill, yam having been spun up to moderate numbers from flax thus prepared. Until recently flax 
mltiTBtioa has scarcely been fairlv attempted ; but it seems probable that in a short time extensive, and it 
may 1« hoped snoceasfnl, trials will be made to supply this country with a manufacturing material so intnniri- 
cally Talnable.— R. E. 



610 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 6 to 8. 



[U: 



1 HoLDEN, John, & Co., Belfast, Ireland — ^Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Sewed book muslin, jaconet and book frill collars; 
sewed book capes. Ladies' caps, tamboured. Infants* 
caps, sewed cambric, and sewed book. Infants' frock 
bodies. Fancy habits. Infants' robes. Chemisettes. 
Cambric and book insertion. Cambric and book edp^ngs. 
Sowed book sleeves and flouncings. Sewed cambric 
flouncings. Linen cambric handkerchiefs. Polka jackets. 

2 Bbowns, John R. & Whuam, Baivjor, County Down, 

Ireland — ^Manuf^turers. 
Lady's robe, and baby's robe, embroidered muslin. 

3 Dufferin's, Lord, School, Bdfast — Producer. 
Embroidered handkerchiefs, worked by jKjasant girls. 



4 Pelijng, Charles, 81 Academy Street, Belfast, Ireland 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Ladies' embroidered muslin robe, designed by M. 
M'Elinsie, Belfast. 

Irish cambric ornamented gentlemen's shirt fronts. 



5 Andrews, Michael, Royal Manufactory of Linen and 
Damask, Ardoyne, Belfast, Ireland — Mimufacturer. 

Table cloth of new pattern, to be presented to the Earl 
of Clarendon by the Royal Society for the promotion and 
improvement of the growth of flax in Ireland. The 
centre represents the star of the Order of the Garter, 
in a union garland of rose, shamrock and thistle, inter- 
spersed with flax, and surrounded by the jewels of the 
Order of the Bath and St. Patrick, with Irish harps in 
shamrock wreaths. At each end is a presentation piece 
frt>m the Royal Flax Society, Belfast, 1851, on a group 
of shamrock and flax, surrounded by the Clarendon arms, 
incorporating the collar and jewel of the Order of St. 
Patrick, with the motto and jewel of the Order of the 
Garter. The border exhibits a rich collection of flowers, 
drawn from nature. The ground consists of four large 
amaryllids around each representation of the arms, with 
small sprigs of shamrock and flag intertwined, &c. 

Table cloth of new pattern, designed by John Macken- 
zie, Government School of Design. The centre consists 
of a rustic stump and basket of rich flowers, resting on a 
group of flowers at the base, and supported by an Arum 
and a Strelitzia, surrounded by alight wreath of flowers, 
chiefly climbers, and a g^und harmonizing in same style. 
The border represents a rich scroll, each compartment 
terminating with distinct flowers. The comers represent 
the rhododendron in flower, the end and side the centres 
of flowers. The margin represents the hearts-ease, on 
leaves of the same. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, with arms of Gold- 
smiths' Company of London for centre, flowers with sprigs 
filling, in a scroll and flower border. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, with arms of Baron 
Rothschild for centre, surrounded by various sprigs, and 
border of flowers. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, with arms of Mr. 
Wheble for centre, surrounded with sprigs, and encircled 
by two flowing scroll borders. 

Table-cloth, extra double damask, being pattern of a 
rich table service of various lengths, maniifactured fur 
Her Majesty's 62nd Regiment of Foot, showing the num- 
ber in a large star, surrounded by a flowing riband con- 
taining the names of the battles in which this regiment 
obtained honours, with sprigs, the whole enclosed by a 
border of oak and laurel intertwined. 

Piece of extra double damask, containing twenty-four 
doyleys, being six difierent patterns and four doyleys of 
each {Nittem. 

All in an unbleached state as they come from the loom. 



G Bell, Thobias, & Co., Bellciew, Lurgan, Belfast — 

Manufacturers. 
Samples of cambric bordered handorchie£By clear lawn, 
and plain cambric. 



7 Richardson, Sons, & Owden, Bdfast, Ireland-^ 

Miemufacturers. 

Double damask table-cloths, with border, roses, 
rocks, and thistles, Irish wolf-dog and harp; comer- 
piece, shield of oak leaves, flags, anchors, and a doTS 
encircled in palm wreaths with olive branch; side rango, 
tray-scroll, Prince of Wales's feathers, in oak wreath; and 
centre range, a temple, British royal arms, vase of floweny 
&c. Designed by William John Magee, Lisbume, Ireland. 

Double damask cloth. Samples of Irish linens, ranging 
from a coarse quality to the finest ; of light linens, 
ornamented for the export trade; and heavy linen, in the 
brown state. 

8 Fletcher, Alexander, Glasgow — ^Manu&ctorer. 
Various patent linen threads. 

9 Leadbetter, John, & Co., Belfast, Ireland — 

Manufacturers. 
Linen drill, brown, bleached, and dyed. Fancy drill, 
plain checks and stripes, all linen, and mixed. Linen 
creas, platillas, and hollands, brown and dyed. 

10 Kirk, Whliam, & Son, Annvale, near Keady, 

Ireland — ^Manufacturer. 
Rough brown linen. Brown, natural drab, dyed dnJi, 
slate, and black linen hollands. Bleached linen diapers; 
lining, family, and fronting linens; and unions. 

11 Bennett & Adams, Coleraine, Ireland — MAnnfim tu r inL 
Fine linen. 

12 Adams, Jane, Strabanc, /reAnu^Manufacturer. 
Nccdle-work scarf, apron, collar, and cufis, made of 

linen yam, in imitation of lace. 

13 Crawford & Lindsays, 3 Laurence Lane, CMeapndi 

— Manufacturers and Bleachers. 
Specimens of white and brown linen sheeting; ^**nfyTlr 
table linen, &c. 

14 Carson, R., Bandalstown, Belfast — Manu£M!turer. 
Woad, bleached, and unbleached linens. 

15 PiNKERTON, James & Robert, Ballymoney, Ireland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Fine linens. 

16 Hennino, John, Cambray House, Waringstawnf 
Banftridije, Comity Down, Ireland — Manufacturer. 

Samples of handkerchiefiB; linen cambric; "silken 
flax;" ''golden flax;" Irish cambric hem-stitdied; em- 
broidered ; and with printed borders. 

Printed linen cambric dresses; and lawns, straw colour; 
shirt frontings; satin damasks, bleached; napkins; double 
satin damasks, grey warp, white weft^ and slips; satin 
damask gold and white dessert cloths; gold and puiple, 
and other coloured table covers. 

Damask coronation cloth, manuBsuitured in Warii^s- 
town, in 1717; sketch of the cloth, to show the pattern; 
piece of brown cambric. 

Satin damasks, butterfly pattern, scroll border, Poti- 
land vase, scroll border and fancy centre. 

Reed for weaving cambric, 5,000 splits to the yard; 
manufactured by Marmaduke Carmichael, Lurgan. 

Handkerchiefs from China grass. 

Cambric loom; damask loom; machine for weaving 
damask, or other figured fabrics, on the Jacquard prin- 
ciple. 

17 Brown, John, &Son8, Waringstovn, Banbridye, Ireiamd 

— Manufacturers. 
Double damask napkins and table oloths, yarions 
patterns. Unbleached damask. 

18 Sadler, Fenton, & Co., Belfast, Ireland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Samples of Irish flax seed. 1. Flax plant, fullv ripe. 
2. Scutched, or the woody part removed. 3. Heckled, or 
prepaid for spinning ; and 4. Mill-spun and hand-spun 
yam. 



KI3CCD0M.] 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Areas L. M. N. O. 6 to 8. 



511 



Specimens of Btrong medium, and light brown Irish 
linen; and various otner kinds. Also fronting, medium, 
light, and slate linen. Linen and brown sheeting. Irish 
linen creas. Linen brittanias. Estopillas. Linen silesias 
and plarillas White, brown, and slate linen drills. 

19 M'Cat, Tboxab, Lisnaahanker, Dnmore, Ireland — 

Manufacturer. 
Bleadied linen, from hand-spun and mill-spun yam. 
Brown linen-warp, mill-spun; weft, hand spun. Linen 
moaqoito nettings, all mill-spun yam. 

20 CLlBW>lt!f, Hux, & Co., Banbridge, Irehxnd — 

Manu&cturers and Bleachers. 
" Bird's-eye*' diapers, manufactured from the best 
quality of Imen yam« 



21 RlOLUUMOX, J. & T., & Co., Springfield, Lurgan, 

Ireland — Hanufiikcturers. 
Irish cambric handkerchiefs, plain, hem-stitched, printed, 
and wreathed. 

22 Maixx>L3C, James, Lurgan, Ireland — Manufacturer. 

Linen cambric, clear lawn, and hem-stitched handker- 
chiefs. Shirt frontings. Lawns. Handkerchiefs of fine 
handspnn yam, 70 hanks to the pound. 



23 Rififfsmiwioy & Co., Li^um, Ireland — ^Manufacturers. 
Samples of Irish linen. 



24 CoKBT, Blauc, k Co., Belfast, Ireland— Deaigaen 

and Manufacturers. 

New damask table-cloths. The ornaments are raised 
so as to hare the appearance of being embossed, rather 
than woTcn. The designs are imitation of foliage and 
fli>wers; and scroll border, the centre a Medici yaso, en- 
cireled with foliage and flowers. Specimens of double 
damask tray -cloths. 

Specimens of steam-power loom manufacture; applied 
to damask table linen. Damask table-cloths, various 
designs. Samples of linen damask vcstings. 

iVijcil "k^^tch, intended for a desij^ for a tiible-cloth. 
T -•• "*-'Pirr C"^iwii«t.s of rheum leaves, wild foliage, floweiv*, 
*ji I ^TA!*.-**;*, bK'Qde<i tojjfether; the mi<idle a number of 
tT" ip* *'{ llowers, i«o iUTauge<l a« to give a brief history 
• ji the 1 ail linage of flowefj*) of Her MajeHty the Queen, 
}{ K.H. rriiicf Alljert, and the Great Industrial Kxhibi- 
t. 'Ti. the rcntre a large group, rei>re»enting the principal 
artitiirj* i^f commerce. 



2'* M'MCRRAV. Th0MA.«», & Co., f)ronyn-e, Co'fufif Dvirn, 
/rr/«/M//— >LiJiufacturei>i and Bleachers. 
Bleached ari<l \mhle«u.hed linen. 

2»» KiNSis, W., IniiijVnutinp, Si'ntland — Manufivcturer. 

I >&iii.ftrk table -cloth, niiule of mill-8pun tliix yam; the 
jaittem i*» a combination of plants, flowers, an<l onia- 
Vi4rTiiA iu both b<jrder and centre, with flower-sprigs 
r-.'ind the centre. Damask table-cloth, pattern the 
irr^i*: viije. Another in the Watte;iu style. 

iJjLniJUik table-cloth, with centre, a va^c of fniit and 
r>r7iMntTUtJ»}, from which arises a va^c of flowers; juid 
If^nler. ^ariouii phuitit and flower-sprigs. Othera in 
U'/tliX- and <f«:nu;ui styles. 

i'AJiL.vk table-cIot!i ma^le of yjinis pro(luce<l by Messrs. 
M^rxhaJl Sc Co., ttiUt-spinners, Leeds, from China gi'iws, 
J-fi:ur a new api^Iication of this mat^jrial, with i)atteni 
#l:uc .It thit of the first article. Another, also of Cliina 
vATUs with niniiing pattern. 



^ • 



1'7 



niaaM.L. David, /'■■■h/fnuHnr, .^;'jtliiuf— 
iLinuf.icturer. 
T.»'-!c <I»th d''j»ign — a mo'laliion bunt of Her M.«j« sty 
t'l* K^»'^'i. !*virrountied with (lot hie ornament, ami the 
***!♦•((»• of the orders of the Oarter, the Thistle, and 
>>♦. pAtrick -nuwle of fine Flemish flax yarn ; of new fa>»ric 
a£^i t»-ill, rmitaining *jy<» threiids upon the inch of clotli. 
Tftble cloth <l»^ign — group of flowers and bij-ds, with 
Uoler. mi^lti uf line flax yarn. 



Table-cover design — emblem and motto of the Church 
of Scotland, the burning bush, '' Nee tamen consume- 
batur." Made with blue silk on fine flax yam. All ma- 
nufactured by the exhibitor. 

28 Hunt, W., & Son, Dunfermline, Scotland — 

Manufactiu^rs. 

Double-damask linen table-cloth, manufactured for the 
service of the Queen. Design, deer stalking and Highland 
trophies, with a view of Balmoral Castle in tlie centre. 
Linen and silk wefted show-cloth, of the same design. 

Double-damask linen table-cloth ; design, union centre, 
with scroll border. Linen and silk w^efted show-cloth of 
the same design. 

Three double-damask linen table-cloths; designs, aco- 
nitum centre and garland; fruit centre and lily border; 
and hydrangea garland. 

Four double-damask linen table-napkins; designs, Bal- 
moral Castle, &c. ; aconitvun centre, &c.; fruit centre 
and lily border; hydrangea garland. 



29 Beveridce, E., Ihmfennline, Scotland — Manufacturer. 
(Agent in London, W. Manvell, 12 Bow Churchyard.) 

Table cloths, bleached linen, brown and white linen, 
and extra satin, double and single damask, Gothic, ar- 
abesque, and other designs. 

Dinner napkins and doyleys, bleached linen, and 
brown and white. Table cloths and dinner napkins, silk 
and linen. Tray tea napkins, bleached linen, single and 
double damask. 

Nursery and towelling diapers, various qualities. 

Stair carpeting and crumb or floor cloths, linen damask, 
and tapesti^. 

Table covers, coloured damask cotton, cotton and 
worsted mixed. Victoria covers, coloured cotton and 
wool damask. Table covers, merino (all wool), and co- 
loured silk and wool, double damask. Table covers, 
three-coloured brocade, and coloured tapestry. 

30 Sadler, S., Ironmonger Lane, Chcapside — Producer. 
Specimens of fine linen and cambric. 

31 WiLKS. J., 14 & 15 Ifrr.ul Stmt, ChcipsUc— Producer. 
Si>ecimeuB of linen. 

32 Rogers &WuoK, l.>^ Chenpsufc — Producers. 
Scotch embroidered handkerchief, sunk on Fi'ench lawn. 

34 Devas, M. T., Mincheneu, & Koutledge, 24 Laicraice 

Lane — Proprietors. 
Group of damask table linen, exhibited for quality and 
cheapness. 

35 l.^EWAR Sc Sons, Kimjs Anns JhiiUlnj!^, yWxjd Street — 

Proprietors. 

Silk and linen table cloth ; in the centre, enclosed in the 
figure of a star, is Fame crowning Industry, the whole sur- 
rounded by a garland of flowei-s; in the corner of the bor- 
der is the figure of Justice, encircled by a garland of flowers 
an<l omamentiU scroll-work. In the centre of the border, 
within a gjuland of flowers, is the figure of Commerce, 
holding in one hand a palm branch (peace), and in the 
other two wrejiths, to crown tnule by land and sea, as 
exhibited on Ciu^h side of the figure. The wliole renting 
on a gi-ound of ornamental scroll-work. Bleached linen 
tid)le-cloth, the same j»attern. 

Silk and linen tiible-cloth. flower border, trees and stiig 
in the centre; and sidc-cb^th to c«)rrespond. Bleached 
Imeu t;ible-cl«jth, same j>att^ni. Silk and Tnun Com- 
munion napkin. Linen aii<l silk an«l linen t^ible -cloths. 

Mjuuifacture<l by William Kinnis, and designed by 
James Balfour, I)unfermlin«', Scotland. 

;;() Cautkr BnoTiiKus ; Canti k, Josk.imi ; Jackson Sc 
Matthkwman ; Ki.FrrciiKU, Henry T. ; Hat- 
TKUSLKY, Parkinson, it Co. ; pK.oTT^'t Nkn^ton; 
and Hax\>ortii k Cauni.ky, />on-An — Manu- 
facturer-'. 
IJleached linen dowlif.^es an«l pillow linen. Yam an«l 

piece bleache.l sheeting.-. Grey ;uid bleached pudding- 






[Official Illustrated Cataixx:i'e.] 



•J S 



612 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 6 to 8. 



•"Ukitkd 



cloths. Bleached butter and tea-cloths. Grey and 
bleached kitchen rubbers. Plain and checked glaas-cloths. 
(>^Bter cloths. Twilled dusters. 

Tarn bleached and blue ducks. Bleached militaiy 
and checked fancy ducks. Black ducks and drills. 
Natural coloured and fancy blouse hoUands. Grey roller, 
half-bleached and full-bleached towellings. Black and 
drab shanking cloth. Pudding canvasses. Horse ban- 
danges. Linen stripes and checks. Checked dusters and 
drills. Saddlers' checks. Purse canvas. "White and 
grey cheese strainers. Screen cloths. 

Loom and bleached medium huckabacks. Loom and 
bleached medical rubbers. Grey Baden Badens. "Elec- 
tric " rubbers. 

Tape and damask -bordered huckaback towels. Wim- 
boume towels. Table huckabacks. 

Grey and bleached table diapers. Clouting, nursery, 
and towelling diapers. Grey and white, blue and white, 
and bleached pinafore diapers. Drabbetts. 

Grey and white and bleached damasks. Damask dinner 
napkins, tray cloths, and aprons. Stair diaper and 
damask carpets. T^^dlled stair carpets. Damask and 
twilled crumb cloths. 

Grey and "cream" bed ticks. Blue and white bed 
ticks. Blue and white mattress stripes. Blind and 
marquee ticks. Crankies. 

37 Tee, Charles, & Son, Banislcy — Designers and 

Manufiau^turers. 
Bleached, natural coloured, and fancy linen drills. 
Dyed plain linen and silk and linen vestings. Fancy 
vesting fabrics, mixed material. Plain and fancy fabric 
for dresses. Bleached toilet-cover fabric. Linen saddle 
rug. Printed linen and cotton yarns. 

38 Walton & Co., fCnircftborotPjh — Manufacturers. 

Bleached linen sheeting, woven in hand-loom, and of 
considemble width and fineness. Linen-duck sheeting. 
Oiiginal Knaresborough linen. Brown linen tick. Heavy 
water-t^^-ist cotton sheeting. Blue linen check. Linen 
huckaback for towels. Medical rubbers. — All made by 
hand-loom. 

39 HiBBi-^T, Thomas, Knaresltoroujh — Manufacturer. 

Linen diaper table-cloth. Pieces of table-napkins and 
pocket-handkei'chiefs. — All made by hand-loom. 

40 Emshall, George, Knaresborough — Manufacturer. 
Linen-duck shooting. Linen shirt without seam. 

41 Leeming, James, Knaresborowjh — Manufacturer. 
Linen for shirting. Blue and white ticking. Linen 

chemise, woven without seam. — AH made by hand-loom. 

42 WiLFORD, John, & Sons, Jinmpton, near Northallcrion 

— ^Manufacturei-s. 

Piece of bleached sheeting, made from China grass; 
it possesses lustre, strength, and durability. Specimens 
of whito linen drills for military trousers; combining 
closeness and smoothness of surface with durability. 

New fabrics. — "Commodore," piece of white linen 
drill, for naval and boating trousers; and "Wellington," 
piece of white linen drill for military trousers. A range 
of patter as of various qualities of brown and white linen 
drills. 

43 Pegler, Charles, Leah — Manufacturer. 

Double damask table-cloth, in the brown state, with 
the anus of the Earl of Harewood; double dama»k table- 
cloth, arms of the Royal Horse Guards; napkins; bor- 
dere<l linen sheets. • 

Communion cloth, design the Last Supper, and other 
appropriate emblems; double damask table-cloth, eques- 
trian statue of thfl Duke of Wellington. 

44 Hayward, R., & Sons, West Chhnwch, and 03 Afinorics, 

London — >Ianufacturer8. 
Canvas for shiiw' sails, well kno'wn as "Coker canvas." 
Twines, used for sewing sails. 



45 Row, J., Crewkeme — Mamifiicturer. 
Sail-cloth; and towelling, called medical rubbers; 

manufactured from flax g^wn in the immediate neigh- 
bourhood. 

46 Poole, James & Charles, South Petherton — 

Manufacturers. 
Canvas for ship sails, made from foreign flax, and from 
English flax. Canvas for yacht sails, made from ^Z«gl<"h 
flax. Seaming twine, made from English flax. 



47 Withey & Smith, North Perrott, near Crewkeme, 

Somerset — Manufacturers. 
Fiuicy and other twines of various ooloursy made of 
flax, hemp, and cotton, used for crochet knitting, nettings 
carpet and silk weaving, and a variety of other purposes. 



48 Finlayson, BousFiELD, & Co., Glasgow andJohnstcne 

— Manufacturers. 
Patent linen thread, common and satin finish, colom^ed 
both in black, dark blue, white-brown, and all fancy 
coloiu^, in best and second quality, for tailoring purposes. 

49 Morrison 6c Hurn, 25 Norton Fohjatc — 

Manufacturers. 

liope, line, and twine, of all sizes, and qualities, suited 
to every purpose. 

Model marquee, flags, rick -cloth, horse clothing. 

Suit of horse nets, sheep netting, hare and rabbit net- 
ting, portable bow net, dnim net, casting net. 

New portable fire escape. 

Bed sacking, cocoa-fibre matting. 

Snake, brush, double thrumb, and femcy borderBd 
cocoa-fibre mats. 

Com, flour, and malt sacks. 

Waterproof cloth for railway trucks, waggons, carts, 
drills, &c. All patented. 

50 Houghton, Sarah, Ashfard — Manufacturer. 

Superfine double damask table-cloths and m^tkins, 
Kent arms centre, and basket centre. 



50a Schwann, Frederick, Ifuddcrsfield and Jjceds-^ 

Pi*oprietor. 

Samples of Nos. 70, 8^, and 100 leas line-yam, A qua- 
lity, made from iVench flax. 

Samples of Nos. 25, 30, 40, and 50 leas line-yam, 
D quality, from Dutch flax. 

Siim])les of Nos. 18, 25, 35, 45, and 70 leas line-yam, 
E quality, also from Dutch flax. 

Samples of Nos. 10, 20, 30, 50, and 70 leas line-yam, 
G quality, from Russian flax. 

Siimples of Nos. 20, 25, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80 lees 
Une-yam, J quality, from Russian flax. 

Samples of Nos. 30 and 35 leas line-yam, K quality, 
from Russian flax. 

Samples of Nos. 25, 30, and 45 leas line-flax, slack 
four-thread, second quality, from Russian flax. 

Bunch containing samples of Nos. 20, 30, 40, and 50 
leas line-yam, slack twist, third quality, made fnnn 
Russian flax. 

Bunch containing samples of Nos. 18, 30, 50, and 70 
tow, () quality, from French flax; and of Nos. 25 and 35, 
from Dutch flax. 



51 TiTLinr, Tathax, & Walker, Leeds — ^Manufiu^urera. 
Patent linen sewing threads. Superior patent satin 

finish, or polished sewing threa<ls. 
Shoe threads, closing and stitching flaxes or lines. 

52 GRiimiAW & Wilkinson, 13 Bridtje End, Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 

Oilc<l cloths and sack covers. 



53 HoLDSWOBTH & Co., Leeils — Manu&cturers. 

Linen thread, i>atent soft satin -finish^ and old finiah; 
linen shoe thread, grey and finisUod. 



Ci^M 1*.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Arras L. M. N. 0. 6 to 8. 



M £UwBi^ E. H., Sixrfiir, h 



r r™™— Mumlacturer. 



being lighter and linger than RuHiui liemp rope. 
Shroud-Uid rope, for maridmo purposoe, maau&ctiired 
(him Suinui ur Puliali hetnp. Rope, fur reef-paiuts in 
■, he, Duumfnctursd from Hanilia bemp, Hnd froi 



&5 Dat, Jomd, MarM Street, O^ybnj— Manufacturer. 
Church b«ll-r»pea. 



56 TuTca, Hkxbt, AbingitoH — Hanu&cturer uid 
Dangner. 
Twilled, ebaqnerad, nuh, and Mudlla matting, for halla, 
ofloca, Ac.; each piece varied. Cocoa-iiut and Manilla 
maHing; Baey eoeea-nut matting; Buperior jute carpeting. 



LooutBT, Ni* 



lUM, & Sons, Kirkaldy, Scotlamt 
— Manu facturcirs. 

Tan feather-bed tick, made oDtire]; from Bai and 
bkdigo^yed. Feather-bed tick, of tlio aama Hud, but 
olndcivd. 

Bleached diaper bedroom totrela, made from the best 
flax jma; fringed and plain. 

Doable huckaback, uaed priDcipallj for bntli and rough 
bad-room towslii numnlactured from double yanu. 

Four, flre, and nx-buihel bag*, gsQerall; used for 
bolding flour, grain, potatoei, ke. ; manufactured eo- 
tirelj from tow: the namea of the owdctb ore printed on 
them with oil paint, b; a printing-pren made for the 

5Ta Falmoctb LcKuii Comhittek — Pruducen. 

:.?< WeVTm, Robekt, Kiik-<H-i. .';.•«( /..a//— Manufacturer. 
ir-tr>sulle bed-tick, iiiade eutirely of Hhx 



u<. Taken from utock. 

jEnacT. ROBEKT, .' 



Hill. 



Manufactur 
Tuioni Mmplee of buck, ilowlaa, ticks, lit 
diajffr, buck and lotill diutent, blue linua, k 



: Kirk <l' 



lil'i JAScmN & <'n.. Hill- Importers and 

MiusufHctureni. 

Hemp and flu from Kiiwia, nud jute from the Eaut 

Intiai, IB the raw and untlrciuud *tate a» imported, anil 

in MiBRtl KtageH of uiauufacture. Yun aud canvaa from 

' ached, incliiiling ahip'a uilcloth, pi 



•I 1* 



rn>m 



*aSj<fU -covering, &< 
f-.I Haix, Joi 



n th< 



ing ahipa uilcloth, pro- 
lu ■' b(iit," wiol-alieeting 
bed-aiicking, rulway 
^uJitiui. 



Manufiictun. 
Sunplaicof patent m.t'Ie ctir'l.iU' 
aad 'if |>«tcDt luadv cordage fri>iii Mj 

ri Sf IVEK ft GOOPEM, /M/--! 

lUwnt crdagi- f .r the u.-« of mil 
minw ukI o-llienex, the w\>«.\v fi 



, k Co.. If-ll. Yort^hC-e— 



ny and ntvitiu vhiicU. 
ihcrieK, lUi'l dcep-aci 



i;:i The Dir.iDEE I,ocil Chimitteb, StutUn-l 
r™iucer*. 
l/toiii. nr yam Mewbeil, ".il piece* of 2'>, 



iheetiog, 40 inch ; 2 pieces of cleared, or gmas bleached 
(5 inch eragueiaa ; 5 of 30 inch creas ; 1 of 311 inch pm- 
nanto. 21 piecoa of brown, cream, and white 20 inch 
wnvAB padding: — nuuiu&ctured hj Jamea Smeatou aod 
Son, Dundee. 

2 pieces of 27 inch bleuohed duck. 10 piecoa of 
inch oresm Runma eheatinga. 4 pieces of 4U inch 
ipod and checked Russia sheetinge : — mnnufactured by 
J. and A. Laing, Dundee. 

Twelve pieces of light and heavy loom dowlas. 29 and 
30 inch. 4 pieces of haayy loom sheeting, 38 and 00 
inch. 16 pieces of 3-4th heavy loom nud bleached huck- 
aback. 10 pieces of bleached imperial ducks and militjiry 
drills, S7 inch. 12 piecee of bleached dowlas, 30 and US 
inch. 5 piocaa of bleached pillow linen, 40 inch. 5 piece* 
of6-4tlu, lO-ths. ll-4thsand 12-4ths bleached sheetings. 
3 pieces of bleached Russia diaper, 2'i inch; 4 pieces of 
bird's eye diaper, 2ii inch; 6 piecee of clouting diaper, 
4-4ths; 13 pieces of dice and bamees diaper, H-4thB. 4 
pieces of broirn and bleached window lineu, 42 inch: — 
maniibctured by Alexander Lawson, King's Kettle. 

Six pieces of common blenched canvas, Nob. 1 and 6. 
6 pioces 24 inch tailor's padding canvas: — manufactured 
by John Uori, Dundes. 

Five pieces of 40, 4,>, hi, and 60 inch Hessian, or 
packing canvas. 10 piecea .^1, 54, and SO inch striped 
bedding. 1 piece of 30 inch bad tick. 5 pieces of 24, 
27, and 36 inch had sacking. 1 piece of 24 inch padding 
canvas: — manufactured by Cox BroChere, Dundee. 

Three piecee of 27 inch flour sacking. 4 pieces of 2T 
inch coal sacking. 4 pieces of 27 and 2!J Inch corn 
sacking. 1 piece of 26 inch striped jute sacking. S 
pieces of navy canvas, Nos. 1 and 6; — manufactured by 
Aleinnder Easson, Dundee. 

Two pieces of 3R inch jute carpeting. 1 piece of 3S 
inch matting, made from Manilla fibre. 1 piece of HB inch 
matting, made from coir and Manilla fibre: — manufac- 
tured by Jamoa Neish, Dundee. 

Eight piecea of OsnsbergB, manufactured by Don 
Brothers nud Co., Dundee. 

Ten pieeofl or4-4th brown sheeting; — manufactured by 
W. nud Joliu IJoii finil Co., Forfar. 

'Hirco piece- of heavy floor-cloth, 2 to ;i yards in 
width: — inrtuufiictiiroii l)y Tlionioa Boll, Dundee. 

Two piecci of a-tths jnte stair carpeting. 4 pieces 
of jute utiir carpeting. 1 piocu of 30 inch tirpnuling tow- 
wiirji, jiilo weft. 1 piiKB of 27 inch jute bod siickiug. 
2 piecoa of 42 inch cotton, or coffee bacKiug. I piece 
of :14 inch double hop p'Kkoting: — Diauufitctured by 
Aleiiiudor ,1. \ViU\ler., Dundee. 

Four pieces nf Til inch xtrong bml tick. 2 pieces of 40 
and 4ri inch twilled Hhectiug:— uiauufactured by Jnnies 
Brown, Dundee. 

Fifty pieces of striped and cbcckeil f^iTicy linens, with a 
vnrirty of putiems of isich: — mnnufuctured by John 
Uadlicttur ami Co., Dumioe. 

Ij4- Sorra, RicilABD H.. -l /(f.«™H ■'•■l.;rl. .^"i/rtun K-V-.ftf 
—Manufacturer. 

.';j>ocimcns of linr's. u*ii«lly called jvifcnt lines, of 
voiioiLi sires, for hanging windnw-eosbw, abultem, bliiiila, 
lump', ftc. 

SjHicinians of Hki|ii>inR-roi>oa. 

I}5 Smith, J.. ?.'"•' «r.v«.r,V/,— JlaniiKicturcr. 

HpcciiucM of ro]H)'. lines, twine-, &c., nuuiuroctureil 
by lii.icliin.rv from Rn.win. Manilla, and Italian huuip; 
ln.-.h, L:LlCic,~nn<l %.VptiBU Uai and tow, 

ft I.(1!«il!T.*Fl», I2i;-i(.' .«(.-it', lin-iiU't 
/«« *V.V.':'-.Maiiufiictur.^r«. 
Boildlers', and lianHMis-uuilicri' thnwls. 



llcel ball, tor 
r,7 MonKE, Wii. 



f„r A.\\'"' Miil-rnuuinfoctuivd rri.ni long Irish 
u l-y i-(»-i-r. «ilbr.NL stftn-Uor drewinit- Twine- 



614 



C.LAgs 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Abeas L. M. N. 0. 6 TO 8. 



[UinTEaE^ 



canvas for the same purpose, and manufactured from the 
same material. Twine for sewing canvas for ships' sails. 



68 



HoDDART, Sir Joseph, & Co., Limehouse — 
Manufiicturers. 
Cordage and sailcloth — Tarred cordage, from Baltic 
hemp. Untarred conlage — ^Manilla, Bombay, India Sunn, 
Italian, Hungarian, Columbia River, new. Power-loom- 
woven sailcloth, for the Indian navy, on the Dutch plan; 
for the British navy; and for the Merchant navy. 



69 



Toll, Samuel, 153 Fenchwch Street, and Globe 
Fields, Mile End Road — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of twine, ropes, fishing lines, nets, &c., of 
different materials and qualities. 

70 Wall, E. & T., ^anftury— Manufacturers. 

Hand -spun laid cords and twines, made from Polish 
Rhine hemp. Petersbiui^h cut clean hemp. Polish Rhine 
and Petersburgh hemps, dressed and imdressed. Twines 
made from Riga flax yams and tow yams. Whipcords 
made from flax yams. Sash and jack lines, made from 
Indian spun hemp; clothes-lines from Manilla hemp; 
horse-hair and Manilla horse-hair clothes-lines. Horses* 
halters from Petersburgh hemp. Bed sackings. Horse- 
hair cloth. Fancy door-mats, inado from India jute hemp. 
Curled horse-hair. 



71 



Harford, George, Gateshead — Inventor. 

Specimen of an improved sail-cloth, manufactured by 
Mil vain and Harford. 



72 OouROCK RoPEWORK CoMPAXT, Greenock — Manufac- 
turers. (Sadler, Samuel, Ironmonger Lane, Cheapside, 
Agent.) 

Sail-cloth, extra best quality; bleached, second quality; 
boiled, third quality. 

Tarred cordage, various inches; four stranded, hawser, 
and boltrope. Manilla cordage, various inches; wormed, 
hawser, and tarred. 



73 Edwards, J.; Ewens, John B., & Co.; Oundrt, 
Joseph, &Co.; Hounsell, Joseph; Hounsell, 
Wm., & Co.; Ptmore Company; Rendall & 
Coombs ; Stephens, J. P., & Co. ; Tucker, 
Tho8., & Co. ; Whetham, S., & Sons, Local 
Committee, Bridport. — Producers. 

Specimens of the staple manufacture of Bridport, con- 
sisting of twines, canvas, webs, nets, lines, shoe-thread, 
tarpauling, sacks, &c. 

Case A. 
Hemp and Flax in various stages of preparation. 

Case B. — T'rines. 
No. 1. Three-thread fishing long reel, 1 rand, 4 J lbs. 
per dozen rand. 

2 to 4. Three-thread fishing short reel, 1 rand each, 
6, 9, and 12 lbs. per dozen, made from Friesland flax. 

5 to 7. Three-thread fishing short reel, 1 rand each, 6, 
9, and 12 lbs. per dozen, made from water-rotted Dorset 
flax. 

8 to 9. Three-thread fishing short reel, 1 rand each, 
6, 9, and 12 lbs. per dozen, made from dew-]*otted 
Dorset flax. 

10 to 16. Three-thread fishing short reel, 1 rand each, 
9, 12, 15, 18, 24, 30, and M\ lbs. per dozen. 

17. Three-thread seal, No. 1, 1 skein. 

18. Three-thread trawl, ^ rand, 48 lb. per dozen. 

19. Three-thread salmon trawl, ^ rand, 72 lbs. per 
dozen. 

20. Three-thread turtle, 1 skein, 72 lbs. per dozen. 

21 to 25. Three-thread ood-net, 1 rand each, 4(, 9, 12, 
15, and 18 lbs. per dozen. 

26 to 32. Thi^-t}iread salmon-net, 1 rand each, 24, 
30, 36, 40, 48, 60, and 80 lbs. per dozen. 

33. Two-thread fishing short reel, 1 rand, 6 lbs. per 
down. 



34 to 41. Two-thread porlick and mackerel, 1 rand 
each, 7, 9,10, 11, 12, 14, 16, and 18 lbs. per dozen. 

42 to 51. Two-thread cod-net, 1 rand each, 9, 10, 12, 
15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, and 24 lbs. per dozen. 

52. Nine-thread lobster-net, 1 rand, 84 lbs. per doaen. 

53. Two-thread and three-thread shop. 54. Dutch. 

55. Three-thread packing. 

56. Fine three-thread bleached gilling. 

Case C. — Canvas, 

1. No. 1. Bleached double warp, 24 inches wide. 

2. No. 1. Bleached double warp, 18 inches wide. 

3. No. 1. Half-bleached warp, 24 inches wide. 

4. No. 1. Double warp, 24 inches wide, as used in Her 
Majesty's Navy. 

5. No. 1. Single warp, full bleached. 

6. No. 6. Double warp, full bleached. 

Case D. — Webs. 
Nos. 1 and 2. Brown extra stout, machine web, 12 and 
4 inches. 

3. Striped extra stout. Artillery girth, 4 inches. 

4. Brown gullet web, lA inches. 

5. Superfine brown straming web, 3 inches. 

6 and 7. Fancy linen girth web, 3} and 2 inches. 

8. Striped tray web, 24 inches. 

9. AVhite boot web, IJ mches. 

10. White linen collar or bradoon web, 1} inches. 

11. Diaper web, 2 J inches. 

12. Chair web. If inches. 

13. Brown extra stout. Army girth, 5 inches. 

14. Saddle-seat web, 8} inches. 

15. 16, 17, 18, 19. Fancy linen guiJi web, SJ, SJ, 2J, 
2^ and 2j^ inches. 

20. White linen roller web, 4 inches. 

21 and 22. Fancy linen roller web, 4 inches. 

23, 24, 25, 26. Fancy linen roller web, 4 inches. 

27. Fancy linen roller web, 5J inches. 

28. White woollen brace web, 2 J inches. 

29. Fancy woollen girth web, 2^ inches. 

30 and 31. Fancy woollen roller web, 5^ inches. 

Case l&.^Fishing-Nets. 

1. Herring-drift, 18 feet deep, 11 fathoms long^ 2f 
inch mesh, roped. 

2. Mackerel-drift, 27 feet deep, 19 fiithoms long, 3^ 
inch mesh, roped. 

3. Herring-drift used on English coast. 

4. Mackerel-drift used on English coast. 



Case F. 

1. Deep sea, 1 coil. 

2. Hand lead, 1 line, 

3 to 6. Hambro', 1 line 
each, 9, 12, 15, and 18 
strands. 

7. Bank, 1 line. 

8. Cod, 1 line. 

9. North sea cod, 1 line. 
10. Log, 1 line, 18 strands. 
1 1 to 12. St. Peter's cod, 

1 line each, 15 and 18 
threads. 

13. Long shore, 1 line. 

14. Pallock, 1 line. 

15. Squid, or jigger, lline. 
16 to 18. Snoods, 1 line 

each. 



— Lines, 

18. Chalk, 1 line. 

19. White sash cord, 1 
line. 

20. Brown sash oord, 1 
line. 

21 & 22. Whip-oord, va- 
rious sizes. 

23. Norsels, 1 lb., used 
for tying nets to head- 
ropes. 

24. Two-thread marline, 
1 slip. 

25. Three -thread hood- 
ing, 1 slip. 

26. Mackerel, 1 line. 

27. Long sed, 1 line. 



1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 



Case O. — Shoe-threads and Seaming-tvints, 



5. 



No. 1, common. 
No. 2, common. 
Best common. 
Fine. 
Fine flax. 

6. Superfine flax. 

7. Extra superfine flax. 

8. Brown closing. 

9 to 16. Varieties of half- 
bleached. 

17 & 18. Green. 
19 to 21. Yellow. 



22. Yellow closing, 

23. No. 8 fittmg. 

24. White closing. 
Those 24 articles 

threads. 

25 & 26. 6 and 9 three- 
thread seaming twine), from 
Dorset dew-ripe flax. 

27 & 28. 6 and 9 three- 
thread seaming twine, from 
Dorset water-ripe flax. 



3 



^LJM 14.— FLA± AND HEMP. 
Abbab L. M. K. O. 6 to 8. 



m& 



1. 



4. Blfljiplitd herring- 



€a« L— J l i 4l i y iM ff ■ 




6. Keoe oi luttekeral. 

7. Gbd-MiiM, 3 indifli. 

8. Cod wiao, 4 inoiwi, 
9u "fTtid Miiiin SIimIibb* 



I. 



t. A lOdted diift«0l» M VMd ki OnrowBll, fitted finr 

t. flf^lwiMl iwimud htig, 

S. TlfwilwMihiil round iMig (iMMmt Mtm). 

4b. Kwi IhbKiI voond bag (withoiit mmu). 

J^ Tfcm tiMhil MBBod CbMKfT e lb.) 1m^. 

t. Tlfwilwihiil roond hig (mtbovi amok), 

T. flvo4iMi bod-Mddn^. 

a. Hmo 4 IM 4 indiM Mflldng-dotlw 

t. ft i ifcal poUol Mflldng. 
10. Wool Ami. 
iU IbT-twwhd fomid bag (whiioat Mtm). 

flhMO itlleifli UiOQfl^ UiHlo interoBiing in thmnMlT8f, 
an 9«l fanpofteallB a woial point oC Tiow, andrapreoent 
tdignoyitbiiHieiti of our oountry, asa maritinie 
m oonnootod with this manwftMinre. 

be oooaidend tho eapeoial aatt of the 
mMwfWfaie^ a bnoch of indnetry which 
Umto for ontnriee; in het, ao eeriy was 
bofoni^ oalebnted Hor it^ that in an Act of 
21 Hen. VHI., it was set forth, that the 
inhabHaiita " had, time out of mind, used to make within 
the town for the moet part all the great cables, ropes, 
and other tackling for the Royal Navy, and the most part 
9i eihsr ships within this realm." 

It ia difficult to estimate the number of hands employed 
in the staple manufacture in the town and the surroimd- 
11^ district, the majority of the population being engaged 
in one or other of its branches; the number may be 
nmghly estimated st from 7000 to 8000.] 

74 HoLU^WAT, Thomas John, Salidnwry — Manufacturer. 
Hemp and flas twinee. 




74a BsKKsnEB, John, Kirkaldy, «Sc(rftos</~- Manufacturer. 

Pieoea of sail-cloth, made entirely of Baltic flax yam, 
the warp being of three-ply and the weft four-ply. Sail- 
doth made upon this principle is stronger than canvas 
made in the usual way, particularly if the yams are made 
from Irish flax. 

75 Dixon & LoNOSTArr, Stockton-on-Tces — 

Manufincturers. 

8ai]-«loih, made from Baltic long flax; hand-loom woven. 



76 W^MMM^ Jonathan, & Sons, Cockermouth — 

Manufacturers. 
Dyed and bleached linen threads. 



•-• 



71# femiieen foilotring are placed on the North Wall, 
near the Flax Machinery in Class 5. 



77 Bulls, 



BaoWN T., Andorer Ford, Gloficestershire — 
Manufacturer. 

tubing, tarpaulin of hemp and flax ; flaxen 
eoata. Ice. 



78 ^UJKIIBI, R., iVsweosiitf— Mannfkctnrer. 
•I^>edniena of oanvas. 

79 FmABEti, D., AHfroaih, Sooitoid— Mannlhetarer. 
Navy bleached and boiled canyaa. Improved brown 

canyaa flax warpa. Common brown tow, single brown 
tow, and ocmunon bleached oanrai* 

80 DuHOAH, D., & Co., Afiroath, SooUtmd^ 

KannfSMitttPara. 
Hemp lail-eloth* 

81 BsiniT, Soin, ft Co., JMroM, Sootkmd^ 

ManofiMstiireri. 
Naw sail-cloth made for British OoTemment. Ini« 
proYed aailHsloth, made for the British merBhaBt nsfy. 

82 GtoBDOW, G. ft A., JMroath, Seoikmd^ 

Manufiwiiturars.. 
Specimens of the yarions qualittea of line and low-jam 
mannfSMtured in Arbroath ; dxy-apnn line-yarn, ifo. X 
to 50, and tow^yam. No. 1 to 25. SaO-twine. 

83 Salxomd, W., JHtroaih, <8!i»tlaw<l— Mannfketnrar. 
Bleached nnstarohed sail-oloth ; miU-waahed long flax 

sail-cloth. Tarpaulin, nnstarehed, 28-inch brown. Sngle 
beat tow yitrie. Beat brown tow double canyaa. 



84 Oabuuid, W., A/^roath, SooUand-'Mmmheiwnt. 
Hop-pocketing. FlooiMdoth. Kina-feet flax canyaa. 

85 Baiuat ft SxABT, Arbroath, SooHtmd-^ 

ManufMsturera. 
SaoUng. Brown canyaa ; brown single canyaa. 

86 Andsmow, C.^ JHfroath, Scoikmd-^ 

Manufiboturar. 
Imperial and Rnasia ducka. TidkkiibaigB. Rnaria 

sheetmgB, and padding canvas. Double canvas, single 
canvas, and waterproof cloth for railway covers. Hemp 
tarpaulings. 

87 NicOL, A., & Co., Arbroath, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Towelling. Sheeting, bleached and brown. Osnaburg. 
Mixed-hemp sacking. Flour sacks. Kye-grass sacks. 
Cofiee-bags. Shop-twine ; hemp-twine. 



88 Curb & Co., Arbroath, Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Brown flax sheeting ; brown tow sheeting, 
dowlas ; loom sheeting. Ticklenburgs. Ducks. 



Loom 



89 Daonall, Charles, & Co., Little Chelsea — 

Manufacturers. 

Variety of mats and matting. 

Samples of fine coir j'am from Cochin ; of coarse coir 
yam, Bombay; of coir yarn, Ceylon; of coir junk and 
fibre, from Cochin, Bombay, and Ceylon. 

Specimens of silk grass, lute, or paut hemp, from 
Calcutta; and of Manilla hemp. 

[Coir yam is obtained from the husk of the cocoa-nut, 
and "jute" fi*om the stems of Corchorus olUoricus, — J. L.] 

90 Edoington, Thos. F., 45 Butolph Lane — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen ofcomiiosition cloth, made up from long flax, 
and dressed with a solution which renders it perfectly 
waterproof; used for railway luggage, truck covers, ftc. 



•♦• The five follotring are placed xcith Class 11. 

91 Sadler, Samuel, 24 Ironmonger Lane — Importer. 

Bleached light linen, in cartoon boxes. Bleaobed sile- 
sias and platillas. Estopillas, bretanas, and cress legiti- 
mas. Thick linen handkerclaefs. All exhibited for style 



616 



Class 14.— FLAX AND HEMP. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. G to 8. 



and cheapness, bb well as adaptation for the South Ameri- 
can, Mexican, and West Indian markets. 

Bleached medium linens, extra strong linens, fronting 
linens, and extra strong shirtings. Exhibited for quality 
and fitness for the home trade. 



92 CouLSON, Jaxes, 8c Co., Lisbum, Ireland— 

ManufiEu^urers. 

Fine damask table-cloth, with the armorial bearings of 
His Grace the Duke of Bedford. The collar and stsure of 
the Order of the Garter, &c., appropriately interwoven. 

Fine damask table-cloth, made for His Grace the Duke 
of Sutherland. 

Fine damask table-cloth, appropriately ornamented with 
the improved insertions, having the various royal insignia, 
with collars and stars of the different orders; made for 
Her Majesty. 

Fine damaak sideboard table-cloth, appropriately orna- 
mented; made for Her Majesty. 

Fine damask table-cloths, prepared for the Earl of 
Derby, and for the Ist regiment of Life Guards; the 2nd 
Life Guards; the 16th Lancers; the Soots Fusilier Guards; 
and the 57th Regiment, with badges, &c. 

{Placed partly fcith Clitss 11, and partly with Clnss 14.) 

[The antiquity and celebrity of the "fine linen" of 
Egypt, clearly points to that country, as the place where 
its manufacture originated. Specimens of this article 
¥rrapped about the Egyptian mummies, and supposed to 
be at least 3000 years old, are remarkable for fineness of 
texture. Linen was introduced into England, by the 
Flemings in 1253, as a substitute for the woollen shirting 
previously worn. Although Ireland now excels in this 
manufacture, it was not introduced into that country 
till 1634. 

One kind of linen is still called Holland, from the 
place where it was first manufactured; this article having 
been lai^ely imported for domestic use, before our home 
manufacture had arrived at such perfection as to take its 
place. Unbleached linen is called broi^-n Holland, and 
is used for various articles of clothing and upholstery; 
sileaia is a species of fine brown holland, glazed. Dowlas, 
is a strong kind of Irish linen, for shirting. Drill, is a 
stout twill for trousers. Damask, is a twilled fabric, 
similar to that made of silk, and much used for table- 
cloths ; Dunfermline, in Scotland, and Ardoyne and 
Lisbiun, in Ireland, are celebrated for the beauty and 
excellence of their manufactures in this article. • 



Brown damask is the same article unbleached, and 
being deemed stronger in this state, is used as mora 
economical. Diapers are damaaks of amaller idae and 
simpler patterns. There are also xmion ^*»'***^t and 
diapers, made of linen and cotton combined. ' 

Sheeting linens are of various names and qnalitiea, as 
Irish, Lancashire, and Scotch; also Rusna, Toikahire, 
and Bamsley; besides there are unions and imitatkniB of 
these, of which the Russia is the strongest and oosnest. 
Huckaback, is a species of very coarse dii^Mr used for 
towelling. Tick and union tick are well known articles 
for upholstery purposes. Canvas is usually made of 
hemp, but a finer sort is nuide from flax. Coarse osnTas 
is used for sail cloth, tents, and coverings of variooi 
kinds. The finest article made in linen, is called eambric 
or Batiste, from Cambray, where it was first made, dt 
Batiste, its first maker. French cambric is still much 
esteemed in the shape of handkerchiefs, though it is 
often equalled by our home manufacture. Scotch eambrio 
is a cotton fabric, made in imitation of French cambric 
La\('n is a species of very fine linen, approaching cambric 
in texture. — R. W.] 



93 CouLfiON, William, Lisbum, // Wane/— Designer and ' 

Manufacturer, 
fine damask table-cloths and napkins. 

(Placed partly with Chtss 11, and partly fnih Class 14.) 

95 Capper, John, & Son, 69 Gracechurch Street — 
Part Inventors and Makers. 

Table cover, of linen damask, unbleached. The same, 
bleached, for use; manufactured in Scotland. 

Registered stri|>ed or banded towelling. Invented by 
the exhibitora. 

Newark huckaback towelling: the " Wellington," of 
yarn twice twisted in the weft, preserving itsharpneas 
during wear; the ''Russia," and the "Newark," with 
recent improvements in fabric. 

Huckaback towellings, bleached, of various qoalitiss^ 
manufactured in England. 

Sheetings for household use; manufiictared in Irelaiid. 



90 M'Leownan, John, & Co , 8 Bmrje TarJ, 
BucMerabHry — Manu&cturers. 

Bleached sail canvas, made from Irish flaiL, and by hand- 
loom. 



For Class 15— Mixed Fabrics, including Shawls— iS«?e Classes 12 & 15, page 185. 




LEATHER, SADDLERY AND HARNESS, SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Thb pRMot CUn includes a variety of manuracturing processes relating to the commercial prei^ralion of 
knimal mUtanccs in the form of leather, sliius, fur, ]iair, and feathers. Until within a recent period, expe- 
rience rather than science haa directed tho labours of manufacturers in their operations upou these substances. 
And al present the rules taught hy experience are iu many cases still pursued in practice, with, honerer, such 
■audi Gcml ions as an intelligent comprehenaiou of the operation of the chemical and other pbilosopliical lans put 
■Dlo force ID the processes would suggest. - , 

The followinji Sub-t' lasses are reco-^ited in this Class ; — A. Leather, as rougli and tanned, curried, enamelled, 
dyed — Oil Leather, as Buckskin, Doeskin, &c. — While and Alum Leather ; Sheep and Skin Bugs, i'arcliraent, 
a&il Vellnm ; B. Saddlery and Harness ; C. Miscellaneous ; I). Skins and Furs of all descriptions for personal 
and domestic use ; E. Teatbers, as those of tlie Ustrich, Marabout, &c. ; F. Hair, onuunentally and usefully 

The HNitioa occupied in the Building is at the Xorth side of tJio Western Main Avenue, The Areas 
{odnded are G. U. 1. and J., from 10 to 14. In addition, siiccimens are suspended from the Galleries, and ill 
the centre of the Avenue is a case containing examples of the most rare and costly furs. 

The localities in which the manufactures concerned in this Class are carried on, and from whence articles 
for exhibition have chiefly been derived, are Bcmiondsey, where (lie preparation of leather has been successfully 
CODilucted duriux a very Ions period, Hull, Swansea, Bristol, Cork, I.iver|iool, Edinburgh, and I'almouth. 

The manufacture of leatljer lias liotu eslinialeil as only fourth in ini]iort;uice among the national inanu- 
fafiun-s .it lirnit Kritiiiii. A lar:;!' .iiiiniini of capiliil is euiployol in its pniduclifrti, and the number of 
;tT^ixir.- and ■a\<'t* dini'tly sup['nrtc<l by this bnuicb of iiidiistry has U-cii tuken tu am<iimt to ntiirly n quarter 
'■1 .1 iiiillji'ii. 'I'hi- ti'tal annual value of (lie lenllier nianufucturi's U couiputid at aluut fourteen iiiilliuns 
-trrliri.'. Ii ap|i(-ars prolnlile iljnl in the mere article of Ujuts and sbueK, upunrds of seven niillioiis Mtcrliiig 
an- driiiiially e.iiviiikil by the iiihnbitaiil» of this ciituitry. If it be considered tliat mther more llinii half the 
I'Mi'nr j-rii'ilii'eil is thiw ajiplieil, the renmimler is nujJoyed in the production <if harncait, xaddlcry, cloves, and 
till- miilTifuriuiisjnirjiniies fur which leatlu'r is applicable. <)f Intu cbi'mistry hoK been studied attentively by 
t'l M- .1"]ii-nih-nt u|>in this btancli of industry, and sucn-ssfn! results have ensued. A variety of puleut 
[m,---.;^^ e^isi by wliicb the em-nnous amininl of time iiivnlvcd iu tanniii-! on the old system is nVridgi'<l to a 
-'•rpri'iti^ vvrerit. With miuic specimens i if leal her it has not Iiet-u unusual to devote eiijbteen inoutlis or 
ii; ■.■..ir-l- 1.1 ilii'ir ci.iiiliinatiiin "itb the native (iriiicipleH of the Inrk, A few weeks are sntlxieiit, under S'veml 
.1 ^..- (:. «■ ^vKi-iiis, u, elfecl tlie wunc ohj,,'!. lUit it is slateil that the Imtlier priduecd mpidly differs from 
tt. .'. [-n-liic-l by u liliiwer pnieeris of nnnbinatioii in its dunbility and wilidity. Aud it is (.iinsidcnil by 
~'- ." lihii liiiif.' is an t'ssential element in the mauufaclure, and that it lanmit 1h' iulvantn'^cously Kl.ortencd tu 
a: V .%.i.-i.|ir.ible cxtwit. lA-nlher is untpu-stiimnbly a chemical comiNiund, and this rtoiilera it prokible that a 
•- .V .i:.<l ^r.uhi.il pnmiiNor combiiintiiin U'rween the ;:i'lii1iiie of tiio skin, and the tiumiii acid of the lark, 
I .ly [Ti-iiK-.-aI.-.iili<-r, to smnc extent, of ditreii-nt proiiTties to that funiicil by a .piicker o|«'riitiini. A very 
'i:ir.- .iiti-'iiiit <if b'.iilicr Is, h'lwevt'r, mauufacturoil bv the rapid |>nicesH, fTiim wliiirli it inav iv cuni-luded that 
!■. [ r.-ii:i.t |.r.*-s:-,s iinal f^mmiTtiid value. A j.'ri'Ut vuriety of l.'iithers in nil ,H,hdiri..iis and slule-s ..f miinu- 
t UiuHtratinit the jiccnliarilies of ilitlVritil mi'lbiicU rif miumfaeture, 



■id ii 



■>ribe punoM-KlViruliic 



>v;.nUapi'li'-"l- 



in^oilli'ctioiKiffursis'' 


iiib^„.l 


'ri.Wblvihi-..p[K,rimiitv Iims 


tudv.if thisrlawi'if riiiii 




'urs ..r tlie must mre.Usrripti 


im.iUL' these s|j<-eimrMs. 




ir.ilisl dryinius.if asiiTtainin 


ciimmi-nv, a subjni <-\i \ 


)jieli iiiiirl 


(onllictiiii! iiiiinidii exinls, the 


riU-.l in the ralaln^iie 


f this clii- 






in(.'r.siinL, 


ubjirts, i-«sessiiig tlieir pee 


t'\l)iMI'>r:> ill Ibiscln.'.s i 




In liutMn<'>-iL in<-lud.'S l..i' 


d<.ni-'»iic-u-«'. iiiiidditio 


tu«,ddllT 


■ .&(•., thi- unn.l'-r of [■■i-wms ii< 



.■pn 



518 



CLAB8 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



^UsiTED 



1 Bevingtons & Sons, Neckiiujer Mill, Bermondsetf — 

Manufacturers. 

Goat, sheep, seal, kid, and lamb skins, in the manufac- 
tured state. 

Goat, seal, sheep, and calf skins manufactured into 
morocco, roans, skivers, and enamelled leather, for fur- 
niture, bookbinding, and shoe leather. 

Kid, lamb. Cape shoep, and calf skins (alimi leather), 
manufactured for gloves, shoes, and shoe binding. 

Specimens of leather, with varieties in tanning and 
leather-dressing. 

[Leather, such as that used for boots and shoes, is 
strictly a chemical product. The skins of a variety of 
animals are employed in the preparation of this article of 
universal use. The preparation of most varieties of lea- 
ther consists essentially in the formation of a chemical 
compound, of the gelatine of the skin, and of a chemical 
principle called tannin, contained in the liquid used. 
Alum leather differs from ordinary leather in its pro- 
perties and composition — R. E.] 



2 Squike, Thomas, Latchfordj Warrington — ^Manufacturer. 

Specimens of sole leather, tanned in Cheshire, made 
from hides, the produce of Buenos Ayres in South 
America, tanned with oak bark, the produce of Belgium, 
and a very small proportion of valonia, from Smyrna— 
26 weeks in process. 

Solo leather, tanned without bark, made from hides, 
the produce of the United Kingdom ; tanned with equal 
proportions of divi divi from South America, gaiubier 
from the East Indies, and valonia from Smyrna — 16 weeks 
in process. 

3 LuPTON, JoiiSf Chapel Lmie, Bradford — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of cemented leather strapping, used for 

driving-belts in weaving and spinning. 

4 BusE, Nicholas, Oxford Street, Swansea — 

Manufacturer. 
Improved calf-skins for the upper-leather of boots. 
Manufactured by a new process. 

6 NicnoLLS, H., 5 Stafford Street, Bond Street, and 4 andt> 
Birchin Lane, City — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Waterproof tanned leather, skins (of English and Cape 
sheep), for sporting articles, shooting gaiters, trousers, &c. 

Black buckskin leather of permanent dye, suitable for 
trousers and other articles of dress. 

Specimens of paste for cleaning white leather trou- 
sers, &c. 

White buckskin himting breeches. 

Cleaning balls of various colours. 

Improved composition for rendering the soles of boots 
and shoes waterproof and durable, and the upper leathora 
soft. 

A new waistcoat in leather and clotli. 



6 HARTT.Er, Elizabeth, Lo*o Bridie, A'naresborou/jh — 

Designer, Inventor, and Manufactiuxjr. 
Hearth-rug. Boa and muff. Carriage-bonnct and rug. 
Pair of cuffs. — ^AU made from English lamb and sheep- 
skin. 

7 RoDINSON, J., Wfttersidc, Knaresfji)roihjh — 

Manufacturer. 
Carriage-rugs of different colours. Henrth-nig. Boas 
and muffrt. Carriage and wool-slippers. Table-mat. — All 
made from English and foreign sheepskin. 

8 Hill, O., Knureshf/ro^ujh — Manufacturer. 

Rugs for carriages, carriage -slippers, and tea-urn mats. 

9 CI.APHAM, John, Knirahorcntgh — Manufacturer. 
Hearth-nig. Rugs in sundry colours, for door-mats 

and carriages. Foot-muffn^ for carriage use. Travelling 



shoes and boots, and slippers for domestic use. Huff. 
Boa. Victorine. Tea-urn mat. — ^AU made from Bbeep- 
skin. 

10 Deed, J. S., Little Neicport Street, Leuxtter Square^ 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens of leather. 

ID^ed sheep and lamb-skin wool rugs, or mats. 

Wool rug, made from sheep and lamb-sklnB, repreMOt- 
ing the globe, Britannia, peace, and plenty, lion and lamb, 
and doves with olive branches. Motto—" Tho earth is 
the Lord's and the fulness thereof." 



11 Wilson, Walker, & Co., Z^^is— Manufaotnrera. 

Coloured sheep-leather skivers, for bookbinders^ hst- 
ters, &c., coloured roans, for furniture and boots; roller 
leather, for silk and cotton spinning; chamois or wasih 
leather. 

Coloured calf and morocco, hard-grained, for book- 
binding. 

12 Benson, C, 11 Waterloo Street, Leeda-^ 

Manufacturer. 
Hair-bag for extracting oil from linseed, &c. 



13 HoGARTY Brothers, Cork, Ireland— ManuActimn, 

Boot fronts and legs, kip butts, roans, shoe mid- 
dlings ; black-grained (»lf for buttoned boots; calf-skins, 
waxed and russet, and tanned in sumac. 



14 WiNSOR, George, & Son, Oreat BiuseH Street, 
Bermondsey — ^Manufacturers. 
Coloured wool rugs. Rugs, fancy and bordered. Hesrtk- 
rugs, fancy bordered, and white. Skins for cavalry, 
wlSte and black. Skins japanned for socks. Skins for 
ladies' boas. French dog and lamb skins, for lining chores, 
shoes, kc. ; and carriage and foot muffs. 



15 Rheam, E., Hull — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of boot and shoe leathers, of FVench and 

English calf-skin. Horse-hide from Spanish Amerio^ 
tanned and curried in England. 

16 Holmes, Thomas, Aniaby Road, Hull — Importer 

and Manufacturer. 

Specimens of tanned hide from the neck and back of a 
full-grown walrus, or sea-horse; also, from a young one, 
and from a cub. 

Polishiug-wheels covered with the same. 

HeadB of male and female walnui or sea-horse, taken 
by Captain Gra^'il at the Davis* Straits fisheries, 1850. 



17 Stockil, William, 33 Long Lane, Southteark — 

Manufacturer. 
Wellington boot fronts and grafts, waterproof. 



18 Evans, Thomas, & Son, 10 Silver Street, WoodStrtft. 
Parchment aud chamois leather. 

Fancy parchment direction labels. 

19 Glover. J. & T., 7 WfX)d Street, Cheapeide-^ 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Specimens of oil leather, fn)m buck, doe, oalf, sheep^ 
and lamb skins prepared on an improved principle. 

Specimens of gloves manufactured from leather pre- 
pared by the new process; and from Irish kid skins. 

Improved button for gloves, shirts, wearing apparel, 
&c., which can be permanently attached without per- 
foration. Improved opening for gloves. 

[Leather dressed with oil, instead of by the process 
in which tanning combines with the gelatine of the skin, 
differs in many of its properties from leather prepared 
by tanning. Oil is generally made to penetrate the skins 
by "fulling" them after sprinkling the surfiice with oil. 
The oil enters into a permanent combination with the 



] 



SKINE» FOB, AND HAIB. 
AxsAB G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



519 




■oft and pUttit. Oidioaiy 
k «i illiMlnlioii of ihk mode of pnporing 



k Loam, 80 Wmi SmUhJdd-^ 



etlf akiiH^ tMmid abrotd, InrtomriMi 




lddi% fiioin rkwitti h iiMiitinii tim m TiUlwi. 

iMPds 01 DOiiMiooiiigwyfcodiit fliniitop 
of 8oiA AaMtkftliKfe bennotioed In itfikiiig 
JtjMmmBmaMdL During Mm i«iiid«aoM of 
agopwrtodJBollyafcjeet^ Tiitmiinboni 
tih» fieliiii* of thio ocooodilot or tho 
l^tlf an alio tiio pv^ of tiio IndlMi hnntony 
Ute hnk an ia^porlMil part of tho vqpati 
of aatwal Scmflk JjiMsioaii poite. These hSdea an 
Ib QvM* firftafai; and in 1841, tho quantity 
to 8H538 awt.— R. £.] 



31 Smni, WnuAX Hxnbt, & Soir, 136 Sifrowl— 

Manqfimtnrifa. 
Beapatoh bozea of Tuiotyi aiaea and deaocqitionB. 
l^wmlinff and dreaaing oaaaa. 
Writings blotting^ and oard oaaea, &o« 



31 



V T^ Pataiki 



oaae, &o. 



Tiittlli^WiuiAM^aMarjnrJte^Olijrm^ANitf-- 
inmstor and Mannnotorer. 
dwui'ljiHom of pawhment> nearly xeaembling 




Bum, Ekm» Bamar, Boko £fiftur§. 

MIoMiT eaaa^ in htdhty ornamented mo- 
Ia ita mnn» being a model of a part of 
Bdribiftloii bidlding. 

eM% oontaining oonrenienoeB for traTeUin^ 

TldbMp dwaeing, mad refreahment caaee ; it 

to &a iande of a oanriage^ and form an 

oompanion. Another adapted for yieit- 
traTeUing. 




24 LsTXB, J. & J., 13 Site Lane — Manufacturera. 

Writiog, drawinff, and binding vellum. Drum and tarn- 
boarine headm Writing and binding parchment. 



25 WooD^ WiLUAX k Samuel, 32 Bow Street — 

ManufjEMsturers. 
Calf akm in its natural state, with the hair on, simply 
dried ; the aame tanned in oak bark, prepared for the 
cnnier ; the same of Tarious thicknesses, curried for 
boo^s and shoes ; and the same variously dressed as 
morocoo, kc. ; aleo for boots and shoes. 



27 



', Jam Thomas, 12 Market Street, Manchester — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Portmantwan for travelling, with improved frame^ 
or buckles on the outside. 



28 Tnsoir, Cmamlis, 11 SmUhson St., Yor\ St., Hulmej 

now Manchetter — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Inptoved portmanteau, constructed so that all the 
^Tieioos are thrown open at one time, to facilitate pack- 
bag, and the removal of any article without having to un- 
pad^ and to prevent rain or water getting in the inside, 
bgr **^^^**C the staff to shut close all round. 

29 FuncAOAK, J., Manchester — Manufacturer. 
T^sveUmg trunk. 



30 



WoLUAM D., High street, Shrewsbury — Designer 
and Manufacturer, 
patent shot-beltr— <the "Royal Albert ">— 
in relief, by hand labour. 

artAclea> manufiwtured in leather, &c. 



32 Qmomam, Gubodit, 103 Z^eoa Straet, Soko^lmpotbet 

and Manwfbetnrer. 
Koroooo and Boaria leatlier, nrepared for the nae of 
Qpholater«ra» ooadbmaken^ bookbiiMera; alaofor dreaabg 
and other fioegr oaae makei% boot and iiioe makeray kc. 

33 hurr, Jqvbu, 38 Setvmark0t--43anvAoat md 

HaUOXfeBRirBIF^ 

Begiatered ^rardxobe portmanteau, lASSk ftya oonqpart> 
menta« 

Knapaack for pedeatiiana, eontainfng aa eBtea pookei 
on the top. 

Impro^ bag for dothea^ Ihien, booti^ &eu 

34 Eaot k Soy, 214 Bemumdsey mraei, Sk mekwark 

Inventors and Mannfhotnren. 
Biteot velvet-napped, emboaaedyOolonrBd leather. Em* 
bomed by Ifeaaia. CuatomB and €k>., 51 BanhUl Bow, 
London. 

35 Aiuy, WniSAMj 126 1)rmmond£^r$H,EmimSq Mr $ 

Inventor. 
Pair of bellowa, the aidea being made of wood inataad 
of leather. 

36 Aludi, Johm Kigsbajcl^ 37 Wardowr Street, Soho^ 

Mannucturer* 
HomoBopatldo medicine oaaea. Tooth-powder box, to 
prevent tlM eaoape of the powder. 



37 Mom^ AuooariTS, 16 Soutkwark BHige Soad-^ 
Inventor and Mano&otarer. 
Patent waterproof leather portmantean, out and made in 
one pieoe, and without a atitoh. 



38 Last, Samuel, 256 Oxford Street — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered railway portmanteau, for the use of tra- 
vellers; divided into four compartments. 



39 Everett & Co., 51 Fetter Lane — Manufacturers. 

Blacking. Varnish for dress boots. Waterproof var- 
nish for boots, harness, &c. 



40 James, J., 102 Oxford Street — ^Manufacturer. 

Registered railway trunk, which contains a collapsible 
hat or bonnet case, a leather pocket, sliding division, and 
tray. Patent wardrobe portfolio. 

41 Judge, Charles, 6 Sion Place, East Street, Waltoorth 

— Designer and Manufacturer. 
Leather buttons, each consisting uf one piece of leather, 
for boots, shoes, gaiters, coats, and clothing in general. 



42 Woodman, William, 13 Three Colt Court, Worship St., 

Fitisbury — Manufacturer. 
Leather backgammon table. 



43 Harrows, G., 38 Old Bond 6"//w<— Manufacturer. 
Ladies' improved waterproof travelling chest. 



46 Mairen, Charles, North Cottage, Vicar's HiU, 

J^tr tKham — Inventor. 
Saddle on an improved principle of fixing and relieving 
the flaps and pannel by hand. It is convenient for travel- 
ling, or for shifting after a heavy saturation : the bearings 
are free, and the use of nails has been avoided. A 
favourite-seated saddle can be supplied with additional 
flaps and panel. 



620 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areas 0. H. L J. 10 to 14. 



rUwTKD 



47 Read, James Bird, Penri/n, Cornwall — Manufacturer. 

A shaved hide, for making best bridle reins; tanned, 
not curried. 

A rough tanned cow-hide, the produce of Cornwall, for 
making Baddle-skirta and stirrup-leatherB. 

Specimen to show the quality and kind of leather used 
in Cornwall, for the purpose of gearing the buckets of 
pumping engines with from GO to 9U-iuch cylinders. 



48 Clark, Cyrus 8c James, Street, near GUistonbury, 
Somersetshire — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Model of the rural factory, a portion of it containing a 
variety of shoes, &c. 

Uni-rugs, flower-stands, muffs, cuffs, and victorines, 
made from English lamb-skin. 

Caps made from British slinks, or mort lambs. 

Varieties of socks for shoes, of cork and g^tta percha 
covered with lamb-skin. 

I>adies' carriage boot, of lamb-skin inside and out. 

Gentlemen's bro^ii wool-lined slip^jers. Ladies' slippers, 
of lamb-skin inside and out. 

Foot muff, with hot-water case imder. 

Patent elongating gutta percha goloshes, with improve- 
ments; put on or off without touching with the hand; 
^ light, elastic and firm. 

Registei-ed shoes, which answer the purpose of boots, 
without fastening; elastic, and easy in walking. 

Sample of leather gaiters, and housemaids' and men's 
gloves. 

Angola goat-skin, English sheep and lamb-skin, and 
slink lamb or mort, in the raw state. 

Angola hearth-rug, dyed in one piece : the pattern 
containing eight colours without joining ; exhibited for 
the ingenuity of the i)atteni. 

Pure white Angola hearth -rug. 

HciU'th-rug, with centre pattern, of lamb -skin. 

Crimson Angola skin, exliibited for its size and depth of 
colour. Golden crimson stair and door-ioig.s. 

Orange and pink Angola carriage rugs. 

Yellow, blue, green, lavender, fa^ii and brown Angola 
toilet i-ug. 

Crimson sheep-skin, exhibited for its size, and deep 
colour. 

Brown door, gig, and carriage-rugs. 

Varieties of carriage or window-nigs, wth ornamented 
centre. Bedn>om niga. of vai'ious {uitterns. 

Taimed mop, or mop-head. 



49 Rood, G., & Co., lioltons-^Kux^uih, near Glastnnh*try, 
Somentet — Designers and Mtmufacturers. 

Hearth, carnage, and toilet rugs, with designs ; manu- 
factured from sheep-skin and Angola goat. 

White, crimson, and pink Angola rugs, for carnages, 
doors, i-ecesses, &c. 

White, brown, crimson, green, and blue sheep-nigs, for 
the same purposes. Carriage foot-mutf. 

Sheep and Angola goat-skins, in the raw state. 



50 Cooper, Matthew, 25 Siritvjate, York — Designer, 

Inventor, and Manufacturer. 

Improved side saddle, with pilch of Berlin wool work 
(from the establishment of Mr. Jancoweki, York). 

Military sarldle, with pilch also of Berlin wool work. 

Improved light hunting and racing saddle. 

Somerset saddle, with 8kii>t similar to a regular hunting 
saddle. 

51 SouTHET, GiX)RCK William, &Co., IC Little Queen St., 

Lincoln H inn Fichh — Mtmufiicturers. 

Seal -skins and hides for the use of coachmakers, har- 
ncHs-m:ikei*s, and accoutrement-makers. 

Calf-skins for the use of accoutrement-makei*s and 
lMH>t -makers. 

Hog-skins and hides for the use of saddlers. 

Hi<les for straps for machinery and pipe^hose. 

Hipl)opotamu8 hides for the use of mechanical engi- 
neers. 



52 Maxwell & Co., 161 Piccadilly — Muiufacturen. 

Glass case, containing socket spurs (military regulation 
and others), and spring spur-sockeiB, with specimflDt 
showing their sevenu stages of manufacture. 



53 LUTWYCHE & Georce, Skinner Street, SmwHUl — 

Manufacturers. 

Goat-skins, manufactured in England, for the use of 
bookbinders, shoemakers, upholders, coachmakers, Ibc. 

English sheep-skins. 



54 Marlow, James, M'ti/jKi//— Manufacturer. 

Steel carriage and riding bits ; with new dengna of oraa- 
mental character. 

Spenser's patent metallic saddles. 

Harness, with registered ornamental moantings. 

Stair balustrade in malleable cast iron, posBeaaing 
the strength of wrought iron. 



55 Cox, Samuel, IVfi/sn//— Inventor and Manufiactnrer. 

Newly invented Albert stimip and stirrup leather, and 
improved draw -mouth clipper-bit. The stirrup ia alwaya 
in a position to meet the foot, and can be put on or 
taken off, without the use of the buckle. 

Registeretl draw-mouth, clipper-bit which may be need 
either ^\'ith or without curb. Provisionally registered. 



56 Baxton, Edward, Wnhdl — Inventor. 

Patent enamelled waterjtroof horse hamesa, reqniiiag 
no blacking. 

I^itent Hackney riding-bit, with moveable month. 
Hackney bridle, round head and reins. 

Hunting breast-plate. Hunting-bits, mounted with 
heads and reins. 

57 Hawkins, Jons, Stafford Street, Wuhatt — 

Manufacturer, Inventor, &c. 

Registered carriage and hackney bits, upon an impit>ved 
princii>le. 

Registered Chifuey bit, used for either riding or driving, 
with •• d<mble mouth." 

Steel stirrup-irons upon an improved principle^ an<l 
ladies' slip])ers. 

58 Brace, Henry, Wolsall — Manufacturer. 

Bits, stiiTups, and spurs, for the South American 
markets. 



59 PiM, James E., 3 fount Mellick, Queens Connty, Iretamd 

— Manufacturer. 
Snaffles. Snake's-head bit. Plain riding bit. Pelham 
stimip irons. 

GO Hudson, Samuei>, Dnbfin — Inventor, Designer, and 

Maimfacturer. 

A side-saddle with projecting "burrs'* in the forepart 
of the tree, to prevent the saddle from shifting to the near 
side and ^ling the horse, or slipping for^*ard; it allova 
the front iKirt of the saddle to be an inch lower than 
usual, enabling the rider to sit in a horizontal poaition. 
The safe, flap, and skirt are all in one piece, and covered 
with hog-skin. The design of the ornamental work on 
the heiuis aiul safe — the i-ose, shamrock, and thistle. The 
stirrup is a recent improvement made bv the exhibitor; it 
o]>ens with a spiing, and dLsengnges the rider s foot in 
case of a fall. 

Hunting saddle with elastic seat, on a new principle: 
invented by the exhibitor. The webs are attached to a 
strong arch of round st(.*el near the pommel, and so con- 
structed as to lK>ai' violent usage without injurj', giving 
additional Kti*ength to the tree; the action of the sprinff 
is not more than one-eighth of an inch, which is found 
to be sufficient to produce the requisite degree of daa- 
ticity. 

I'lain hunting saddle — exhibited for general fitting. 

Light fonn saddle with steel -jilated titv. 



Kisonm.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR, 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



521 



61 Lkstxasi, Wixxiam, 29 Dawsm Street, DMm — 

Manufacturer. 

Set of ftill-chaaed, Bilver-mounted, and brass-mounted 
cairittM haniaaB; set of silyer-mounted gig or cab harness. 

QaUted lady's side-saddle, with fans and leaping-head. 

Full shaft to gentlemen's htmting and steeple-chase 
■addles. 

Doable and single saddles for children. 



€2 Kass, G., 69 Dame Street, Dublin — ^BCanufacturer. 
Poitmanteaiis and camp furniture. 



63 



k Son, Bermondaey New Road— 
Manu&cturera. 
Wellington boot-fronts and half boot-fronts; gndnand 
««xad can-skins ; cordovan hides and jockey leg^. 



64 



>, W. & G., Birmnufham, and Houndtditch, 
LmAm — ^Designers and Manufacturers. 

of whip manufacture and ornamental mount- 



Specimens of registered whip-sockets, or holders. 
Speeimsni of saddlery, including a new design for a 
lady s bridle and bit. 



65 BaowK, T., & Son, 7 Moat Row, Birmingham-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Spedmeoi of cut back-head saddle-tree, with whale- 
bone ^>rings, galvanized plates, spring bars, and copper 
rivets, to vrevMit corroding; and various kinds pf saddle- 
trees ueea in EIngland, East Indies, &c., of improved 
eoostruGtions. 

66 l^DBy AbchujlLD Reed, 151 Strand — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 

Improved Cleveland and East India himting saddles ; 
lady's saddle, with extra crutch. 

The Victoria bridle and stirrup. 

Set of brougham harness, with improved shaft and 
trace tuga, 

07 MlDDLZMORE, WiLLIAM, M fiollo'raf/ Head, Birmingham 
— Designer and Manufacturer. 

SviA of j;ij» hamend of new designs. 

Nt^' (latent gentleinon'H saddle, with elastic seat. 

Kiuhri t'ulered IsuWn naddle, with same inii)rovemeut. 

K;4n(-v Aa^ldleH and bridles. 

A ntw mouthing rein for disciplining the mouths of 
unbroken horseij. 

.Shot |>ouchos, cigar cases, dram bottles, and sandwich 

CatKjA. 

tid COLXMAS, THOMAii Gex>RGE, Lille>/ ILjo Farm, Offlcy, 
fuar Jlitcfiin, Herts — Inventor. 

Iziipnivt^l patent general htting middle, expiuiding with 
th*f action of the horse's muscles, intended to take off 
deaul preawure, and spread the weight. 

Improved patent self-acting ela.stic spring roller, for 
homeu 

Improved patent hameKs, with spring trace and tug, 
back-band and crupjier. The si>ring trace as^L<<ts the 
draught, taking off dea^l-pre^.-iure from the horses' 
ah^>uldeni. 

Improve*! patent safety rein, to enable the driver to 
haTe Oi>mplete control. 

Tlie gvnend htting saddle is constructed to expand witli 
the action <»f the muscles, and si>rea(.l the pi^ssure or 
«-«:4rht over a greater surface; also to pn>tect the withers 
fr^m Ijeing wrung — a fault fretjuently occasione<l by the 
xime "{ tl»e common s^iddle. It in objected to the common 
ftkdtii« th.'it in the event of a horse stumbling, the shoul- 
der* are forc*r«l up into the gullet of the pommel, an<i the 
MwiUe-trve is often bntkcn; but even when this is not the 
cb^. the onfinement of the shoulders invariably prt^ vents 
thfir free action, and consoquently the horso loses all 
cLAaoe of recnvering itself. 

The spring bar is intended to relievo the horse of much 
«-.;riat. and at the same time afford ease and comfort to 



the rider, as well as protection from the injuries that so 
often happen on the pommel and cantle of the saddle ; 
these, in the new invention, being soft and elastic. The 
spring bar is applicable to side saddles. 

The self-acting elastic roller obviates the injury result- 
ing from the use of the present tight roller, which, nqt 
being elastic, when buckled round a yoimg animal, es- 
sentially retards and ii^ures the formation of the chest, 
while it confines and weakens the action of the lungs. 

69 Qabnett, WnxiAM, Tarporley, Cheshire — Inventor 

and Designer. 
A saddle without seams, that is, having seat, skirt, and 
flap in one piece. Exhibited for lightness and cheapness. 
On the near side of the saddle is attached a patent spring 
bar, so constructed as to release the rider if thrown from 
his horse. On the off-side there is a swing bar, intended 
as an improvement upon the patent spring bar. 

70 ViCK, Richard, Gloucester — Inventor. 

Improved registered harness hames — giving ease and 
£Bbcility of draught, by raising or lowering the shifting 
tugs as required. 

71 MusSELwaiTE, Thomas, Z>«?u<?* — Inventor. 

Patent elastic collar for horses, formed by the combi% 
nation of iron, cork, horse-hair, &c. 

Improved elastic collar for horses, to work without 
hames. 

72 Weir, John, Dmnfries — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
A riding-saddle with elastic seat, the buckskin seat and 

flap covers being all of a piece. 

Neck collar, designed to answer the double use of a 
separate collar and harness. The draught being fixed in 
the roll at tho proper part, will prevent the neck of the 
horse being injured by the shifting of the harness. 

Portmanteau containing hat-case, drawers, and pockets 
for papers, letters, &c., with sejiarate places for articles 
of dress, imibrella, &c., all under one lock and key. 

73 Mkllkr, Christian C, 15 liiUng ILntsc Lant', 

Liuuf/i'iin J'l'icc — Designer and Manufacturer. 
An enamelled leather tnivelling-bag, with improved 
fittings inside, secret spring fjisteniugs, and metal knobs to 
bottom to pi-event wear. 

74 Ramsey, W., //»///— Inventor and Manufacturer, 
liegistered elastic -seated sa<ldle. 

75 Clark, W., ^fill Hill, Leeds — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
A quilted summerset saddle; the work U|X)n the seat 
representing St. George and tho dragon; on the flaps, 
Britimnia, surrounded with roses, thistles, and shamrocks; 
on the skirts, the Prince of Wales* feathers. 



7G Thomas, Charles, .^trtii ford-on- Av<m — Mamufacturcr. 
Registered flexible saddle, with metil cantle, yielding 
to very slight pressure. It is so constructed as to i>ro- 
mote the circulation of air between the seat of the saddle 
and the horse's biick, contributing to tho comfort of tho 
rider, and preventing the galling of tho hoi-se. 

77 Caistor, a. B., 7 Jl'ther Street, Port mf in Sunarc — 

Designer iind Manufacturer. 
Hussar saddle, with holsters and furniture. 
Hunting smldle. 

78 Black WKXL, S. & H., 'J.'.V) Or/.A/ Street— 

Inventors and M an u factum's. 

A cab or phaeton harne.-».>«, with gilt nio\intings, cliasod 
with emblems t>f (Jreat Britain and Irehunl ; tho orna- 
ments on saddle, bridle, ^:c., are the collar, star, and 
ba^lge of the Order of the GiU-ter. The whole ni.i<lo of 
black patent leather. 

Iinpr««ve<l fetl<>ck leg, and siM?edy cut boots, to prevent 



522 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

AuEAfi G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



[UKirxD 



horses being lamed by cutting; made of elastic yiilcanized 
India-rubber web and leather. 

Eye-blinds, for singeing, bleeding, &c. 

Patterns of improvements in saddlery. 



79 Passxore, William, 27 LitUe Windmill Street, 

Golden Sq. — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Single-horse harness, with improved hames and furni- 
ture. 

80 Atkinson k Eldrid, 185 Reijent Street — 

Manufacturers and Proprietors. 

Hunting whips, of various patterns, with silver mount- 
ings. Ladies' and gentlemen's riding whips, with gold 
and silver mountings. 

Gig, four-horse, and tandem driving whips, of various 
kinds. 

Registered ladies' parasol driN-ing and riding whips. 

Walking sticks. 

Gold and silver-moimted walking and riding canes. 

Drinking bottles and flasks. 

Hunting and tandem horns, dog whistles, and other 
sporting articles. 

81 Martin, W. H., 64 BtwUnfjton Arcade — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Parasol riding and driving whips. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's driving, riding, and himting- 
whips. 

Riding-cane, dress cane, and walking-stick, made from 
the rhinoceros horn. 

Specimen of the Wanghec cane. 

New combination — a walking-stick, whip-stick, or um- 
brella-stick, containing long cylindrical bottle and wine- 
glass, and receptacle for biscuits or compressed meat, 
intended for railway travellers and others. Invented by 
Francis Whishaw, Esq. 

82 Shipley, J. Q.,181 Hegent Street — Inventor. 

I^i*ge full quilted saddle with improved stirrup leather. 
Provisionally registered. 

83 Skinner, Ambrose, Camher%ccll Green — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Air-filled horse collar, intended to prevent wrung or 
galled shoulders, and jibbing. 



84 Hicks, Henry, 52 Davies Street, Berkeley Squa 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Lady's saddle, exhibiting the application of an elastic 
support for the left leg of tibe rider. ProWsionally regis- 
tered. 



S5 Green, Robert, 8 Edicard's Street, Portnian Squat 

Manufacturer. 

Ladies' saddle, constructed on an horizontal tree, on an 
improved principle. Bridles. 

Somerset and hog-skin himting saddles. 

Set of single horse harness, and horse clothing. 



8G White, J.C, 29 Lirerj)ool St,, C it ;f, nmllS^Fei/entSt. 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Set of pair-horse carriage silver-mounted harness, with 
improved registereti tugs. These tugs are intended to 
supersede the use of the largo tug buckles, and are 
lighter in appearance. The improvement consists in their 
being Rtraight tubes, into which the ti'aco passes, and is 
secured by a bolt passing through, which can be taken up 
and dovra. and the trace easily adjusted; the trace having 
a straight pull from the bolt, is not liable to meet with 
the unsightly curve or bend which causes it to crack and 
l>reak. 

Set of smgle, or brougham harness, silver mounted, 
witli improved registered tugs. The improvement in the 
single hiirnefls is the shaft tugs, which sectire the shafts 
and prevent the shaking or jolting of the vehicle, without 
the necessity of wrapping the belly-band round the shafts. 



Set of light pony hamen, ailver momiied, with im- 
provements. 

Pftrt of a set of tandem hamen, with improred hm^ 
silver mounted, with the registered paiii attadied. 



87 



BowxAB, C. B., Le%ce$ter — ^Xnyentor and 
Manu^Etcturer. 

Ladiei^ and children's victorines, riding boas, and 
mantilla polkas, made of lambslun cuiedy with wool 
attached. Jenny Lind's mantilla and muff attaehod, 
imitation of squirrel. Ladies' and duldren's cuiEk 
Brighton round 4uid curly boa. Boond mff; <diildren*s 
ruff. Muff. 

Ladies' and men's fleecy patent leather 8o<^ 

Lapland wool rugs, coloured and white. 

Children's frame-worked coats, edged with wool. 



88 TiBDALE, Edxund, 34 Broad Street, Oddm 

Manufacturer. 

Somerset hunting saddle-tree, in the first atwe of 
manufacture ; the same, with a set back-head, in a Unifh ^^j 
state, adapted for high-withered horses, Ac. 

Side saddle-tree, with a lei^ing head, for safe^ to the 
rider. 

89 Langdon, WnxiAM, jun., 9 Buie St,, Mandketter Sq 

— ^Designer and Manufacturer. 

Light phaeton harness, bearing the coronet and initial 
of H.R.H. Prince Albert, made throu^^out of 
leather, and stitched with white silk; with 
buckles, Sec, 

90 Bltthe, Robert, 4 Park Lane — Manu&otozvr. 

Lady's saddle, with horizontal and elastic wmt, new in 
style and design. 
Himting or park saddle, with improved elastic seat. 
Harness j>ad, with end screws removed. 



91 Penny, J., 37 Union Street, MidiUeeex Ho^pUat-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Improved design for harness mounting. 

State pony bridle for H.R.H. Albert Edward, Prince 
of Wales, designed by W. H. Rogers; the leather-woric bj 
W. Langdon, 9 Duke Street, Manchester-square. 

Specimens of harness mountings. 

Cabinet drawer handles, metal gilt. 

Portrait of H.R.H. Prince All^rt, embossed bj hand 
from sheet silver. 

Heraldic and ornamental skewers. 

Proof from a new style of gutta percha mould. Land* 
seer's favourites. ** Tam O'Shanter," " The Wolf and the 
Lamb" (Mulready), and ''The Blind Fiddler," emboosed 
by hand, from sheet copper. 

Similar pictures in metal chasing. 



92 SwAiNE & Adenet, 185 Piccadilly — Manufiictarers. 



Racing whip, mounted in silver gilt. This whip is 
presented in the annexed cut. The design is em^blematac 
of the Exhibition, and representative of the four quartan 
of the globe. 

Riling whip, mounted with gold, set with brilUanta and 
rubies. 

Ivies' riding whips, ^-ith fan or sun-shade attachedy 
of new construction; also with parasols. 

Chowrie riding whips, with horse-hair plumes, espedall j 
adapted for India or other parts where insects troublo 
horse and rider. 

Riding whips of various patterns and devices. 

Driving whips. Canes of various kinds. 

Registered universal whip socket. 

Hancock's patent flexible-back horse and other brushes. 

Improved horse-cloth, allowing a free escape of tiie 
moist heat of the body, which is retained by a woollen 
blanket ; and also preventing the breaking out int<» a 
cold sweat, common to horses after being ridden or driven 
hard. 



fiKINS, FUR, AND HAtB. 
Areas O.U. I.J. 10 to 14. 




93 BUl, Cbaum, 34 Wigmort Street— 1Saii\i!!iiiA<inr. 

Imprond IhIj'i Mddle. A ladj's saddle, with new 
(icatglD*. on an improved principlo. A drees single liiir- 
EK9W, H-.Ui doigiiK for liamcu rumiturv. 



in BUTATEl, WlTHAM M., 09 Plccadiibj^ 

DivigD^r and Maaufikcturer. 

Sinele hone brvughuu haraena, witli patent silvered 
gLiKj frv-nt, uid ruaettea. 

liupnivcd KuMiau csviJrj uid other liridleg. 



'.•7 Coi.tl»iVE, F. E., l:.,«nd Hill Ih'i'r, llri,jl.l:n. 

A Mddlc. nudd l.j Bmley, <.f Old Quebec Streut. 
ii tittnl •ntb k pAtent wddle-girtk ipriug. 



Vtuov, T., *So!i, l«itl9 VtrcSI., Orf',rJSlnH— 
Mauufndiiren. 
,-r« «^c<T oid^-Rvl'llv, b; whicti a release from the 
lU >■ ra^'uivl in owe of a rail. 






Muiufwtiirer. 
<rf new rlri.ipi, with UKivoaHu l>»iiiiig 
callt-d thini cnitch. 
Inpcirved gnntlimuii'i ipring-Mddle. 



00 Peahl, JAins, OW Kent «oarf— Manufacturer. 
HomeBs, with bridle -fronts, and rosettea of satin tud 
painted ribbon, whalebone, patent leather, and ralvM. 
Painted canvoa and patent leather for hamesa IWinta. 
Riding-bridle and hamesa bridle-fVonta. 

101 Casatah.Atmo.vd, 7 W!/nd>iainSt.,Bryan3toittSq. — 

Proprietor. 

Two saddle*, made by Bobert Gibson & Co., Coventry 
Street, one with the exhibitor's registered safety panel ; 
the oUier witli Reed's patent girth regulator. 

Five hnuhee for clatuung all kinds of metals, made of 
elastic buff leather, manufactured by Mr. Kent, brush mA- 
nofacturer, Marlborough Street. 

102 Ci.AmKSON, I. C— Manufacturer. 
Harness straps, Ike, manufactured by maahinery. 

03 SlOKEB, JosEPn, 49 Old Street, St. Lak^t— 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Lady's saddle, with revolving heads for riding on either 

side, with increased facility fur dismounting, so as to 

prevent the drees becoming entangled in the heads; also 

adapted to horaea of different sizes. 

Improved pack-aaddle for overland oonveyance of lug- 
gage by horaee or mules. 

104 MaCKibS; SoM, ifcitdenAiMif, flerjb,and^iviet™)feW, 
B<tcks — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Hoise collar, for hesvy dratight, especially up hills with 
bad roads; applicable for artillery. 

Set of improved pony harness. 

06 HnoHES, BODT., 52 Clifton Street, FinAary Square— 

Uanuiacturer. 
Heraldic mountings for harness in biass, plat«, and 
solid brass gilt. 

107 Earxbhaw, Hfnri, 91 irijn;w/c .9f.— Manufacturer. 



jocbu}'. on un improved pi 



?;, MaaiAan, DAsrn.. 3+ Berwick Street, Oiford 
Strrft — Manufacturer. 

nuetoD hameiw, eilver niountings. 

^iDzle-b'ir>« harnBHJi, lined throughout, silver plutod 
r-B <n-riitan ailver. A ningla-hor^e hameiw, lined through - 
LUt. wall bnat-miiuntings, bitj<, and breeching, conipleto. 



Booth, Joiis PirrEB, ■■ 



■Ih <3.m.v, w r„u,H Qaa'j, 
r and MtuiufiK-turer. 
de of the Irish turkey 



114 Hook, J., <!■) .W" /(-«(/-?fiw(— Mttniif;icturor. 
Lmlies' riding l-uot*. 'file Wellington, with r^nd fore- 

Enrt and turnover live], and iliiuied apurs of new ilefign. 
(iteiit elastic boiitrt, witli »\nm mid Lux. 
Monwcn boots, with high irtitclii-d heels. 
\}TVBi IjiH.tH and ch'K-ii, in lace, silk stocking, and pliiin 
aatiri, bhick and white, cruimHl with ribbon. 

HungiirLm \ionU, nith 



I'etri <md t 



White and 



II and 



_.. , high hcelit. 

Walking iKnits and shnea. wulerproof, with inside nnj 

mlside vluiiiin.'d, and cork w>lp". 

C™tnnie -h.««, the.-ld Kii-li-h. Swiss, firoek. Turkish, 
and Itnlinn, with h«l-. k'.dd w.d silver triiiiuuuK-. 

Divs-ing slipiK-r, plain .wl embmiden.l, «ith and 

■ itlKint hi-cls, welled and tuni.ivers. 
Dn-'-s golWies. l.liiek mid ln-...i?j!.l. silvere-l and Kilt- 
Walking elugs iu le:ither and IndiiuirubWr, with itu- 



iBJOtS, 



•r.I.wh.'. 



524 



CLA88 16.— LEATHEK, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



[Unitid 



115 Beriull, W., & Son, 60 and 61 Marylcbone Law — 

Manufacturers. 

Top boots for racing. Wellington boots. Ladies' boots. 
Children's boots for weak ankles. 

Boot fronts from skins imported in a rough state. 

Samples of bark tanned soles from Englisn and foreign 
hides. 



116 Parker, W., & Sons, Wood Street, Northampton — 

Manufacturers. 
Boots and shoes. 



117 Lloyd, J. P., Northampton — Manufacturer. 
' Boots and shoes. 



118 Bearn & Jeffs, Parade, Northampton — 

Manufacturers. 
Boots and shoes. 

[The boot and shoe trade of the coimty of Northampton 
employs not fewer than 30,000 persons. The raw mate- 
rial, after passing through several pi-ocossca, ia received 
by the boot and shoe manufacturers. The leather is 
then cut up into proper sizes, is given out to the work- 
people to be blocked at their homes. After this is done 
the work is then closed, and afberwards made up. These 
operations are carried on principally at the homes of the 
workpeople. A very large number of children are em- 
ployed in this department of trade.] 

119 Moore, G., Northampton — Manufacturer. 
Boots and shoes. 



120 Line;, Wm. & John, Duvenin/, Northamptonshire — 

Manufacturers and Proprietors. 
Wellington, Clarence, cloth, leather leg, button, buck- 
skin, dress, best stout calf, and other boots of different 
qualities. Calf walking, tie, and other shoes. 

121 Groom, J. & R., Northampton — Manufacturers. 

Policemen's boots and shoes. Long and short water- 
proof boots; regulation army Blucher boots. 



1^22 Graham, J., 100 Nay lor St., Oidham Road, Manchester, 
Pair of clogs. 

124 Hotchinos, John, 20 Green Street, Bath, Sotnersct 
— ^Inventor & ManufEu;turer. 

Jjadies' kid-leather double sole boot, with noiseless 
rotary heel, and fastened with elastic shank buttons. 

Ladies' elastic double sole boot, ^dth noiseless military 
heel ; ladies' single sole boot, and elastic half -dress shoe. 

Gentlemen's dress boot, and elastic half-<lress ankle 
boot, with noiseless military heel. Elastic walking boot, 
suitable for feet troubled with corns and bunions; and 
boot with noiseless rotary heel. 

127 Ramsbottom, E., Merton, Swrey — Inventor. 

* Improved clog. The sole does not bend, but the inside 
of the clog is moulded to the shape of the foot. 

128 RoBARTS, G., Tavistock, Detun — Inventor. 

Patent clog, having a fixed instep strap, and so con- 
structed that, by means of a drop connected with a 
le\'er and spring, it can be put on and ofif without stooping 
or touching it with the hands. 

130 Thompson, S., Blackburn — Manufacturer. 

Clogs, as worn by the operatives of Lancashire and 
YorkHhire; the same improved by the introduction of 
steel -springs into the soles, so as to give elasticity to the 
tread. 

131 Atloff, Jean George, 69 New Bond Street— 

Inventor. 
Boots, shoes, and clogs, \^ith side spring. 
Dr^ss boots, with stool spring waL^t. 
Military boots, &c. 



132 Wallace, T., Brandling Place, Neweastle^upon-TyHe 

— Inventor. 
Improved boots for children having weak ankles and 
legs. 

133 Henson, W. G., Kettering, NorthampUmthire. 
Morocco boot, designed without blocking, 

134 Pettitt, G., & Son, Birmingham — ^Dengnen and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of waterproof goloshes, compounded of caoat- 
chouc, leather, and gutta percha. 



135 Sautudkhs, C, Beading — BfanufActnrer. 

Red morocco leg patent goloshed vandyked button boot^ 
with 40 stitches to the inch, beaded top, button holes^ 
shell heel, 2^ inches high, on 12 pillars, silk lined, with 
satin top-piece stitched. 

137 ATHENfUM Boot & Shoe Warehouse^ Korwick 

— Producer. 
Boots and shoes. 



139 Mather, J., Bochdtle, Lancashire — ^Maker. 

Wellington boots, with steel-spring shanks, which im- 
prove the form, and retain the shape. 

141 Creak, James, Church Terrac^f, Wisbech — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Improved waterproof button, buckle, and Blucher 
boots. Pro^isionaily registered. 

142 Cowling, John, Richmond, Yorkshire — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Gentlemen's shooting boots, on a new principle: by 
the fastening at the side, the boots can bie made tight 
or easy at any moment. Waterproof to the top, and 
without gussets. 

145 Doe, Willlam, Colchester — Manufacturer. 
Improved strong high shoes. 

146 Newman, George, 101 Gloster Lane, Brightwi — 

Manufacturer. 
Wellington boot, exhibited for oonstmetiott and work- 
mamship. 

147 McGiBOON, John, 30 North John Street, Lieerpooi — 

Manufacturer. 
Dress military boots, gold lace tongs and welts, with 
revolving heel. 

148 Barraclough, Sakuel, Tanueorth — ^Inyentor 

and Manufincturer. 
Two pairs of drees boots, manufactured of maierials 
to render them impervious to water. 

149 Allen, Charles, & Son, Treffgame Rocki, 

Pembroke, Wales — Manufacturers. 
Gentleman's shooting boot, on an improved plan, wv» 
ranted waterproof. 

150 Hefford, John N., Derby — Proprietor. 
Facer, F. & W., Northainpton — ^Manufibcturen. 

Dress Wellington boots, with emblems inserted on 
crown and cushion. Rose, Shamrock, and Hustle, ftD.p 
and omamentally-finiBhed top, 53 stitdies in the indi. 

Patent-leather top boots, with emblem worked in tlie 
tongue; crown, and cushion. 

Black satin dress Wellington boots, with patent-leather 
toe, cap, and back-strap. 

Satin dress boots, with elastic side springs. 

Dress patent-leather pumps. 

Dress shoes, without seam or stitch in eithor tops or 
bottoms. 

151 Hudson, A., Cranhrook — ^ManuDEU^urer. 
Pair of top-boots,, m'ith seamless l«gi and topi. 



Kingdom.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas O. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



525 



152 Weight, Richard, Richmond, Yorkshire — 

ManufSacturer. 
P.&tent boots snd shoes, free from seam or roughness 
under the sole of the foot. The sole is not dependent on 
■i welt, or narrow slip of leather, but is attached to the 
upper-leather. 

15.*^ Vincent, R., Glastonbury — ^Manufacturer. 
Suit of leather clothes, to imitate superfine black cloth. 



154 Clark, Benjaxin, 57 Lo^nther Street, Whitehaven — 
Improver and Manufacturer. 
Ladies' Cumberland boot clogs. 



ISoBcBGEn^ Qbo., So*dh BHdfje, Edinburgh — Designer 

and BCanulacturer. 

Improved Balmoral shooting boots, impervious to water. 

Highland brogues. Specimens of the shoes worn witli 
the foil Highland costume in ball or drawing room. 



l.>6 Baxteb, Richard, Thir$k, Yorkshire — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Pair of walking boots, with clogs and springs attached, 
for ewe in walking. 

Pair of skating boots, with spring attached to the wrist 
of the foot, and the skate-iron working with a pivot at 
the heel. 

1 57 Prflow, William, Bro>minj Street, Stafford — 

Manufacturer. 

Ladies' white satin, ottoman silk, green shot, goloshed, 
elastic button gaiter <new design). Elastic gusset, having 
no front aeam. Fawn-coloured lasting side lace and cash- 
boota, &c. 

Goloshed boots; in a new style. 

Velvet carriage tie boots. 

Satin, kid, velvet, and morocco morning slippers. 

Silk elastic cloth and button shoes; of new design. 



l»^i«» noix;E, W.. .*^/«/v-V/?/r/j/', D'}rsct — Manufuctiuxjr. 
A i-nir of hunting V»oot«<. 

\iiV2 Medwix & Co., 8fj lietjmt Stnd — Maniifivctiircr. 

Ivet;:l*t**rc»l elastic lx>ots. Klafltie ai<le, dross, and other 
U -jti*. To}>-l>.x)tfl for racinp, weight of each boot L'J 
■ ■ iijoe*, or under .') jounces the pair. 



!♦;:'► Hall, J. Sfarkk-s, 30S nr.jcnt Strcd— 

Manufacturer. 
Ancient. Briti.-jh, and Koniau shoe.n and sandals. Anglo- 
Kax»d *h*n-* and )j<K>t8 of the 7th century. Norman half 
y.,.,..f. i.f RoWrt (the Con^uerorH el<le.st son). Decorated 
*h»"« '-f the 11th century. Kicliard Cccur de Lion's 
h -'t:«. Norman Hhoc.-*, with loni: pointed toes and cliains. 
L-nj jKiintcl j*h«HM, worn by Kichard, constable of 
i hi-t* r. in the rei;^ of Stephen. King John's Loot.i, 
r.*?hly d«?o»rated with circles. Henry the Third's boots. 
r''r.i»-il frr.m hi.-? tomb in Westminster Abbey. St. 
S*;thiu'»» i»h«»e»«. rii^hts and lefts. Elegimt shoes of tho 
t.iuf of PVlward I. Shoe* with blue, red, and white 
#t'«*.kin?H. Sh«M» of the time of Richard II. Ik)ot of the 
t T^e of E«lw:ird III. Shoes of Henry VIII. and tlie 
lUrl of Surrey, with wide toes. I5oots of the time of 
^'harltw I. and II. Roots and high -quartered nhoes, 
Willum arid M.u'V. Sh^nrs during the reigns of (Jeorge 
I.. II.. Aiid III. Tlie Duchess of York's shoe, y^ inches 

Klstfitic »hoe r'ole*. cut by machinerj*. 

KU-ti? tfajter*. &c. 

Vulcanixefl India nibWr goloshes. 



ir,4 Hall * Co.. W.l'iwjt-n, Sirr.t, Str.in^I- 

l*ut4*ntet's an<l Manuf;u.t\irer-4. 
I- -.*# and shoc4 mode of leather-cl«»th, or pjiunus- 
c -r. .:u. Tlicy are cleane<l with ordinary blacking. 



165 Lbwen, Richard George, 22 Portman Place, 
Edgware Poad — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Mechfuiical lasts, made from models taken from nature, 
A cast of the foot is taken in plaster, and from this the 
shape is reproduced in wood, by machinery. 

166 Hartley, Joshua, 11 King Street, St. James* s Square 

— Manufacturer. 
Top-boots, of English leather; boot polish. 

168 Godfrey & Hancock, 3 Conduit Street, Regent St, — 

Inventors imd Manufacturers. 
New ladies' house and walking boot. 
Satin, kid, and primella shoes. 
Waterproof over-shoes and extensible goloshes, &c. 

169 Cant, G. W., 69 High .»(>/5om— Manufacturer. 
Patent boot-tree for bootmakers' use. 



170 J£'Dowall, W., 1 1 Mills Jhiitdings, Knpjhtsbridge. 
Ankle -supporting boots for ladies and children with 

weak ankles, and is also applicable to gentlemen's boots. 
Provisionally registered. 

171 Desmond, Michael — Manufacturer. 

Pair of dress patent-leather gentleman's boots; square 
edge ; forepart, 40 stitches to the inch ; sole and welt 
thickness of a sixpence ; channel waist ; and inch and a 
half heel. 



173 Gcjndry, William, 1 Soho Stjuare — Manufacturer. 

Ladies' and children's boots and shoes, including speci- 
mens in different colours, and shapes of the ** soccopedes 
elasticus." 

Boots made of clastic silk, but without the side 
gus.9ets. Cork soled boots, made with Bowie's patent 
elastic waistpieces. 



174 Marsh, F., 148 Oxford ;?/re<7f— Manufacturer. 
Assortment of ladies* and children's boots and shoes. 



17<> GOODEVE, GfX)RGE, HiJo/m Shrrt, Cn'tchcd Fi'i'trS — 

Designer and Inventor. 
A i)air of top boots, for horse i*acing; weight, 3 ounces; 
miule in four hours. 



177 Guppv, John William, 2 I'rinccs C<»trt, J)or^ct 

I'ltirr, I'd/ 1 Mall East — Manufacturer. 
Ljwlies' cloth button boots, stitched welts .ind patent 
leather, goloshed. 

178 Winter, C, Xoncu.'h — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' boots and shoes, with embellished soles. 

170 Gilbert cS: Co., old lU-nd .s7/rt7— Manufacturer. 

Jockey, hunting, HoMerness. shooting, and dress boots. 
Lady's riding b(»uts. Eljwtic himting boots, with ehwtic 
gores at the bend of the knee, fitting without wrinkles 
in any |M»sition of the leg, ande<iually swlapted for walking 
or riding. Registered. 



180 DowiE, Jamkh, 4:»:)>7r.'«'f— Inventor, 

Patentee, and Manufjicturcr. 

Boots and shot's, in adult and smuUer sizes. Military 
boots. 

Model of a mnchine to reli«;ve tho boot and shoemaker 
from the usual constrained posture. 

181 Tayix)R & Howlev, :).■{ a,>iriu-f r/r;5s and 25 

Sfiri.! I li ir,ln,< — Manufacturers. 
Bo(tts and shoes, made with the patent ela>«lic waists, 
formed of India rubber and prepared leather, admitting 
of the natural action of tlie feet, and giving o;isc to tho 
wearer. Exhibited for diirability and economy. Tho 
application of this principle L? reprei»cntf<l in the cut ou 
the next l»iige. 



626 



Class IC— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, " 

Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



[UXTTBD 



By this plan thick soles are freed from rigidity; and 
persons accustomed to wear thin soled shoes, may use with 
advantage the stouter kinds made on this principle. The 
soles are made with guttapercha, cork, or leather. Having 
layers of felted hair worked between the soles, unpleasant 
creaking is avoided, and elasticity and warmth imparted. 





Me«n. Taylor and Bowley'a Patent ElaUic Waist BooU. 
(179, 180, 181, ifi"ft Avenue, West). 

182 Hall, R., 97a Quadrant, Regent Street — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Boots and shoes of elastic enamelled cloth, for tender 
feet. 
India-rubber goloshes and fishing-boots. 

182a Dodson, J., 79 Chis>rell Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' and gentlemen's boots, shoes, and slippers. 

183 Gates, Thomas Frederick, 5 Upper Eaton Street, 

PinUico — ^Designer and Manufacturer. 
Wigs, showing a transparent parting, free from ''roots" 
or short hair, and other improvements. 

184 Hodges, T., 316 Oxford Street — Manufacturer. 
Self-adjusting shoe, in ordinaiy leather enamel, and 

in buckskin, showing the effect of a composition for fill- 
ing up and waterproofing the surface, and its suscepti- 
bility of receiving a polish. 

Plan for removing the appearance of bunions. 

Boots in illustration of the self-adjusting principle. 



186 Pattison, Edward, 74 Oxford Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Ladies* boots and shoes. 



188 Barker, Wm. George, 18 Old Cavendish Street— 

Inventor and Blanufacturer. 
Pair of gentleman's Oxonian shoes, closed by an invi- 
sible elastic fastening. Registered pair for a lady. 

189 Bird, Wiluam, 86 Oxford Street — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Ladies* elastic boots, Tinthout any gusset at the sides, 
liegistered boots without any seam up the front. 

190 WiLDSMiTH, Matthew, 1 Sherrard Street, Golden Sq, 

— Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Flexible Wellington boots, with springs at the sides. 

191 Clarke, Edward Wm., 12 Southampton Rote, 

Bloomsbunj — Manufacturer and Inventor. 
Boots and shoes of various kinds and styles. Casts and 
lasts for deformed feet, &c. 



192 HiCKBON & Sons, 20 West SnMfield— 
Manufacturers or Designers. 

Boots and shoes, of various qualities and forms, includ- 
ing specimens with elastic fronts and sides, gutta i)ercha 
and cork soles. 

Specimens of the various kinds of boots and shoes, sup- 
plied for the use of the British army and na\'y, the police, 
and the public institutions. 

Si>cciineus of winter boots and shoos, made of patent 
machine- felt. 

SiUiiples of the material employed in the manufacture. 



194 Hubert, Charles, 292 Regent St. — Manufacturer. 

Wellington, top, elastic, registered, and other booti 
and shoes. 

A boot and shoe made from a single piece of leather. 



195 Heath, Stephen H., 38 Poultry, and 175*. Martt^r- 

le-Grand — Designer. 

Boots and shoes of soft leather. 

Patent waterproof and other leather boots and shoes, 
for dress or walking. 

Boots and shoes of ordinary calf -skin. 



196 Crow, Thomas, 3 Maidenhead Court, Cripplegate — 
Designer, Manufacturer, and Proprietor. 

A patent leather boot, 'with shell heel, satin waist, and 
square edge; the heel, two inches high, is composed of 
fifty lifts, worked in the style of a shell, the substance of 
each being one-eighth of an inch. 

Pair of full-dress boots. 



197 Peal, Nathantel, 11 Duke Street, Groscenor Square 

— Manufacturer. 
Half-leg hunting boots, and whole-leg hunting or fish- 
ing boots, of waterproof leather. 



198 Cremer, George, &; Co., Old ICeni Road — 
Manufacturers and Inventors. 
Registered Wellington boots, made on a new principle; 
one exhibited in a complete state, and the other in the 
course of manufacture. 



199 Roootham, Samuel, 28 Netctf/n Street, Birmingham 

Manufacturer. 
Clogs, made of gutta percha, leather, and wood, with 
patent fastening. 

200 Brotchie, Richard, 3 Oxendon Street, Haymnrket 

— Inventor and Proprietor. 
Patent vulcanized plate for boots and shoes, to resist 
wet or damp. 

Six pairs of boots and shoes with vulcanised soles. 



201 Norman, Saml^l Wills, 4 Oakley Street, 
Westminster Road — Inventor and Manufiacturer. 

Ladies* cork and leather boots, waterproof, and light. 
Ladies' shoe; the heel of wliich will retain its polish. 

202 HoBY, George, 48 St. Jame^s Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Napoleon boots, made of waterproof leather. Top boots, 
Wellington boots, and Oxford shoes, of tiie same outerial. 
Specimens of the leather, unmanufactured. Composition 
vnih. which the articles are cleaned. 



203 Schaller, J., 19 Charles Street, Middletex 
Hospital — Inventor and Manu&oturer. 
New water-proof boots and shoes and overshoes. ClogSy 

elastic gaiters, boots, &c. 



204 Ridley, J., St. Paul's C7/i 'ircAyar<^— Manufacturer. 
Ladies* boots and shoes. 



205 WiLSHiN, S. B., 86 Albany Ro<ul, Cambenetil— 

Manufacturer. 
Skating-boots on a new principle. 



206 Walker, Edward, 19 Whitecross Plaee, WBaom St., 
Finshnry — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Registered ladies* elastic Victoria riding and walking 
boot. 



207 Walsh, William, 7 Buckingham Place, 
Pittnty Stjwtre — ^Manufacturer and I>esigner. 
A imv of shoes. 



KntoDOM.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Abeas G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



527 



208 Stahlbt, C, 238 High Street, Boroitgh — Inventor. 

Model of a shoe, oompoeed of black ebony, with gold 
Irackle and studs, placed on a stand made of kinir-wood, 
eomprising 74 pieces. A specimen of wortmanwnip for 



209 Saltbb, Obobob, 46 Windsor Street, Islington— 

Inrentor and BCanufacturer. 
Pur of new-invented cork boots, waterproof in the 
solas, independently of the cork, and waterproof round 
tike sides <h the upper to the extent of one inch, so as to 
allow ventilation. The cork inside is uncovered, and so 
eonstmcted as not to be displaced by wearing. Adapted 
for ladies' riding and walking boots. 

210 PoLLBiT, Thomas, Earfs Cowrt, Kensington — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Wellington boots, with revolving leather heel ; ladies' 
boots, with revolving brass heel; three model revolving 
lieels. 

211 TaoMAS & SoK, 36 St. James* t Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Jack-boot, regulation for the Household cavalry. Stout 
bnntint?. racing, Wellington, laced shooting, silk stocking 
I, beasian, button, and other boots. 
Highland brogues. Model pump. Regulation steel and 
gilt spurs. 

212 GowDOji, Ej>miSf ^ A, Princes Street, Leicester 

Square — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Screw clump-sole boots, with pegged waist. 



213 



Frederick, 8 Cartwright Street, 
Hoyal Mint — Maker and Proprietor. 
Ladies* cork sole boots, made of royal purple silk velvet, 
embroidered with rose, shamrock, and thistle, and the 
oak and laureL 

215 CiTBRIB, James, 3 Ponton Street, /fat/market — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
I::.f»rovcd waterproof boot**. 



21»» FAfULViai, Oliver, .'J»» WitpWfre Street, dirnvlish 
Sf oirr — Inventor and Maker. 
Pair of waterprfK)f tirthin^ or nhooting boot8. 



•Jl«» BRir¥;R*, Charles H., :>7 n,nrloffr Strrrt, 
['•trti'tni /'/.»»• —Invcnt4>r Jind Maiimfjicturer. 
II«Tn*t4Te<i rotary luM'l for lx>ot« and nhoes, in.'wlo either 
in lf.4th*-r or «<m>*1. completely detached from the boot or 
*■';•-•. When the U*ather or wo<k1 in worn awav, it can l)o 
rvr,' wr«i with very little tnuiblo and expense, whilo the 
i^»r.LlIic i«art will la^^t for a conniderable period. 

22* • Bbcbett, Grorcr, 41 Fmrhnrch Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Varioiw boots. 



222 Lascpale, IIkn'RV, r»7 }fn>int Street, (InKtrenor 

Si'i^ire — Man»ifjw;turer. 
i 1*;l«lren'H \x**ttA and nhoeH, in vjiriouH fonn« and 
n.sf«-r:.kU; the binding or needlework by Ann and Helen 
I^AHiT'Lil**. Side-button l>ootJ4 Htiffenwl roun<l the .'uikles. 

22 4 lioBFJiT, A., 123 AVy./i/.sV r.v'^-Manu fact uror. 



227 Grc.vdt. Thomas. 44 .>7. }fartiu's L. 



tne. 



and \.\.\ Lr'vlriulill Street. 
I#<<«t« ma<le of Iwither j»n'i>.'ire<l by a new process, 
wh:. \i renders them Moft and i»liable, having a tine i>olinh. 
ju*. 1 rvijuiring no bhtcking. 

22"* ^^VTT. S. T., 1 I'ni.n Sh-'it, Sniith'r.irl: Inventor. 
V %r\ *'i« n-VTAternl hi^itj*. with -^li'liu'' and mov»'al»h.' toes. 



230 Garner, David, 41 FinshHry Market — 
Manufacturer and Designer. 

Portable boot-trees of one leg only, comprising the 
means of treeing five different kinds of boots and shoes; 
containing also a sot of blacking-brushes, blacking, boot- 
hooks, powder-box, &c. 

Boot-lasts, adapted for diseases of feet, bunions, &c. 

Wellington boot lasts. Boot and shoe lasts. 

235 Geary, Nicholas, 61 St. Jame^s Street — 

Inventor and ManufActurer. 
Improved jack boots. 

Regimental gloves, intended to show an improvement 
in the gauntlet. 

236 Bowler, James, 2 Little Portland Street— 

Manufacturer. 
Lasts, trees, and stretchers for ladies' and gentlemen's 
boots. 

237 Smith, J., Bedford — Inventor and Patentee. 
Soccopedes elasticus. Ladies' boot. 

238 Hewlett, Anthony, 5 BtwUiigton Arcade — 

Part Inventor. 
Busts of Her Majesty, His Royal Highness Prince 
Albert, and the Prince of Wales; exhibited to display a 
new method of artificial hair without springs, elastics, or 
ribbons. 

240 Butterworth, William, & Co., 9 Great Dover 
Street, and 4 Sucan Street, Southicark — Inventors 
and Manufacturers. 
The registered Panelastic boot; obviating the imsightly 

appearance and other disadvantages of inserted gores. 



241 Marshall, C., 207 Oxford Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies' boots and shoes. 



242 Parker, John, 35 Danie Street, Dublin — 

Manufacturer. 

Boots: — Gentlemen's enaiuelle<l leather bro\%-n top; 
patent Napoleon; cork-.solo walking ; patent leather 
dress; and drejw oiK-m; with varioiw others*. Morocco 
k'ather slippers, eiiihroidered with royal armn in goM. 

liudics' white tabinet and black natin sj)ring-rtide boots 
and drcs8 nhoeH. iJutton walking shoes. Kid bootw. 
Cork-sole l)0()t.s. All made of Iiish niatenalt* and maim- 
fjicture. 

24'^ WKnn, Edward, llo/vr^v/./-— Manufacturer. 

Coloure<l hair-cloth, and cloth composed of hair and 
pilk, f«)r covering cluui-s, sof;w, &c. 

Hoi'fie-hair carjiet, woven like Brussels carpet, and suit- 
able for halls, olHces, churches, &c. 

244 BURCKSS, R., !.')& ir, ftj.rni Arr.ofr, C/.nrlcs Stnrt, 
St. Jaimw's — Inventor and Manufjirturer. 
Improved wig. New hair-brushes, liimdoline. 



245 Brownf, Frkdkrick, 47 Feurhunh Strc't — 
Manuf;ioturer and Designer. 
Indies* and gentlemen's head-ilresses of ornamental 
hair. 

24*> lUyvcuvT, C, 74a Xnr //o/<J >7/vr/— Manufacturer. 

SfKJcimens of the new improv«'d crochet -work in uii; 
makinir. on skin jukI on net. Tlie mechanism on the 
mo\in;^ scalp is to show the difference in the aj>j»earance 
of a h»*;ul with and without a scalp. 

247 BtrK, HouKRT, 71* r/,/-.iy..v„/, -Manufacturer. 

Liwly's hejul dress, gentlemiui's peruke, front hea<l 
drej*s<'s. pie<'«* of straitdit hair. iS:c., showi?i"j the improve- 
ments made in wiir nuikin:^' during' the i»ast ten yeai*s. 

21H Bossi, I.oris J^* /.''/'•/</ Strnt Inventor and 

M.iimfiutiii»'i . 



Wi;'H of various kinds. 



lo.T 



Oiiiciai. Ilia'stuatid ('.iT.\I.<Ka*F..l 



J T 



528 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Arkas G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



[ U>'XTBD 



249 Winter, William, 205 Oxfonl .9</wf— Inventor. 
TrouHparent wigs for ladies and gentlemen; head- 
dresses, &c. 

250 Prevost, Mark, 100 St. Mttrtins Lane, Westmuisfcr 

— Inventor and Maker. 
A >vig, from which the transverse elaatic band (that 
covorR the apex of the toni])los of the wearer) is remove<l, 
and circulation in the arteries preserved. The metal 
cross spring (used in ojHjn temple wigs^ to grasp the 
hesid is not employed. Tlie invention consists of two 
springs placed over the temple.s, which expand while the 
wig is being drawn on, and collapse to hold it on perma- 
nently, 

251 Carles, H. R., 45 Xcc Bund Stnct— 

Inventor and Manufsicturer. 

Large wax hea<l, with white bald knotted wig; the 
same with knotted false-hair beard . 

A A^ig, knotted on strong material. 

Lady's head-dress, with ti-ansporent division. 

Bald white wig, with skin top, made with braid. 

Transparent scalp. 

Gentleman's wig, the division made of hair only; the 
same with trausjiarcnt division. 

253 Isidore & Brandt, 'J17 Hiymt Street — 
Inventors and Manufacturers. 
\^^ute wig, with the arms of England f4)rmod by work 
in hair. Teruke li la Marie Stuart. Powdered \rig, in the 
reign of Louis XV. Lady's wig. after nature. Vai'ious 
wigs, fronts, and curls, produced by a new i)rocess. 

255 Worn, Richard, 17 Datrson Street, Dnhlin — 

Manufacturer. 
" Gossamer" ti^ansparcnt Tcmjile spring wig, \\ith crojw 
division; and with parting of crdpo. Weft, with skin 
parting, to avoid coiiti-tu'tion, &c. 



250 



Madden & Black, C ipet Street, Ihiblm — 
Manufacturers. 
Ladies' and gentlemen's ]>orukes, with skin partings, 
and with transparent paiiings. Latlies' fronts, auJ a 
gcntloimm's peruke, with gossamer i)arting. Improve<l 
bar ^ig. 

257 Douglas, R., .'J+ Xnrth A"'ifrff Strert — Inventor. 

T*a<ly*K head-dress. The haii- it* 7 feet long, King joined 
together so as to apiKjar of one Icn^rth. 

Circular hair brusihes, cajiable of revolving cither way, 
or of being used as an onlinai-y brusih. 



259 Cacssb, D. A., 207 Ht^i-nt Strot — Manufacturer. 

I-rfidies' hiiir fronts, on tr.uisparent silk net, in various 
stvles. 

Lsulies' and gentlemen's penikes, on lino Malines silk 
net. and iimirted tlirougli the skin. 

Gentleman's scalp. 

200 MussA, MiciiKi^ 4 lV<.'/or/.i7?<-r'/, P'lnJ.tLV — Inventor 

and Manufactuivr. 
Improveti specimens i>f theatrical wigs and beards. 

261 Pigott, Joseph, (VA— Manufacturer. 

A lady's head-dress, intended iis a useful and ornamen- 
tal BulMtitute for the natursil hair; it is light and trans- 
parent, each hair being set in singly. 

2(>2 RoBKY, W. liichiivjud, Surrey — Inventur. 

Ladies' head-dress. 



264 Tyz-VCK, W. v., A'finriVA— Manufacturer. 

Si^ecimens of false hair, which show the skin of the 
head between every hair. 

265 O'LiLiRY, JoHX, 5:i .<,"f/t M„U^ C'jr':, Ird <u.l - 

Manufactui-er. 
Improved gentleman's wig, each hair hiw been worked 



in separately on the net, which constitutos the ground or 
frame work, and renders it transparent. 

266 Kelsey, John Turner, Litu/field, East Gruutead — 

Mimufacturcr. 

Crop liide of North Wales runt, of the great weight of 

82 lbs., tanned with Sussex oak-bark; used for boot and 

shoe sdles, and for machinery. Prepared at Batnor^a 

tan-yaixl, in Liugfield. The tanning occupied two years. 

[The process of tanning — that ia, of the combination of 
the tannic acid of the oak bark with the gelatine of the 
hide— is generally a slow one; in the preeent instance 
remarkably so. New methods of haatening it forward 
have been introduced; but it is said that the leather thus 
produced is not equal in solidity and durability to that 
obtained in the ordinary slow manner. — R. E.] 

267 DuciE, Earl, Torttrorth Court, Wotton-wider-EAfe, 

Umcestershire — Exhibitor. 
Cart harness, for agricultural and other purposes, with 
Vick's improved registered homes — constnicted to give 
facility of draught by raising or lowering the huffing- 
tugs. Tlie cai-t-saddle and collar ore imule of patent 
leather, with rollers in the tree of the cart-eaddle upon 
which the back-band works freely. Made by Riclnid 
Vick, saddle and harness maker, Oloucester. 



2r»0 Taylor, T., Banbury, Oxoh — Inventor. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's riding-saddles, inflated with 
air. Hunting -saddles, with ])atent moveable |ianela. 
Ilegistered bits, various webs, &c. 

270 Oakley, Tom, Maidatunc — Designer and 

Manufactiu*er. 
L.-vly*s saildle, quilted all over, with ftmcy wool-work 
intmduceil. The off-siile hetid is disjiciuied with, and 

lightness made an object. 



271 Saunders, Francis Woolhoitse, Thame, Oxtm — 

Manufacturer. 
A four-horse cart liaiiiess, for agricultural and general 
purposes ; the blinkers made with plate«>, similar to carriuge 
harness, i)revcnting any injuiy to the eyes. 

272 Blowers, William Randall, IH'jh Street, M'lldm, 

Kssr V — Manufacturer. 
Variety of liamess for di'aught horses. 

273 Cowan, Laculan, Barrhmd, Xeic Aris/ty— 

l*ro<lucer. 
Set of ciu^ harness. 

275 Cox, Thomas, Binf Ohd Lane, S%trvkh — 
1 )esigiier and Manufacturer. 
Pony hanuvs, wt»ven from flax grown in Norfolk. 
Fancy bitskets, woven from the same niateriala. 



277 Charge, Robert, Hurse Market, iMrliiujton, 

Ihu'haiii — Maimfacturer. 
Siiddlc, adapted for nding or hunting, light in weighty 
and new in style. 

278 Dax, Richard, JI!>jh Street, Wehhpouf, Xorih Wttla 

— Inventor. 
Harness and riding briflles, with noseband horse-stopper 
attached. 

2 7 PoLiAX^K , Ja M tis, 151 Stitelnrell Street, Glaaifov 

— Manufacturer. 
Com])let.e set of Scotch horse hamess, inclutUng the 
viu*ious lulicles thiit a horse requires when in yoke. 

283 CozKNR & Grkatrex, Walsall — ^Manufacturer. 

Tinned and curried leather for bridles and reiiw; and 
for stiiTUp leathei-s. 
Curried hog-skins for saddles. Seal -skins for saddle* 

welts. 



Krcodom.] 



SKINS, FUK, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



629 



2M Rajtdall k Dicks, 21 Greek Street, Soho^ 

Manufacturers. 
SkioM for oil leather, in raw state and in various stages 
of iiiMiufKtiire. Bnek, doe, calf, sheep, and lamb skins, 
Cnkhed; with specimens in breeches, gloves, braces, and 
ptftooforte hammers. 

285 PiTLLMAK, R. W. & J., 17 Greek Street, Soho— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of oil leather in various stages of dressing, 
., back, doe, fiswn, buffalo, calf, sheep, and lamb skins. 



[The pr oce s s of oil or chamois leather dressing, as prac- 
tised in Eogland, consists in beating fish oil into the pores 
of the skin, and afterwards partially drying or oxygenating 
the oil. When the skin is perfectly saturated by the re- 
pr oce s s of hammering in the mill, and partial 
it is allowed to become hot by natural fermeuta- 
tion, and then, by washing in strong alkali, becomes the 
•ofiost and most pliable of all kinds of leather.] 



286 O 



k Palmeb, Grange Koad, Bermondsei/ — 
ManufiEicturers. 

Japanned border, bag, horse, and split hides. Black, 
green, blue, drab, maroon, crimson, and brown ena- 
melled hides. The border hide is manufactured from 
the hide of an ox, being (as far as practicable) left the 
whole thickness; the other hides (with the exception of 
the horse) are the same description of hide, split by ma- 
dhine to any required thickness ; thus making two, whereas 
formerly the hide had to be shaved to the proper thick- 
■•■• by manual labour. 

The japanned split hide shows the flesh side curried 
anil japanned for coach purposes. 



288 JjCftsosi, RoBT. B., 9 Hampstetid St., Fitzroy Sqwire 

— Inventor. 
New mode of cleaning and restoring worn and decayed 
M''*n»co'j l«ather, for upholsterj' purposes, cuach linings, &c. 

2^'.* Gtx>BCE, Joseph, HI [)^,m strcrt, S<}/io — 

Manufictiiivr. 

*'b':\t :%n<\ j>^iiit<»<l loathtT, cHpuble (»f bcint; made of any 
1*1 \*\i .iii'l ItD^h, for the hai);j:in^8 of roonirt, screens, iVc. 

V,in'»ti-» -|«.i*i!iifUrt of ornaiiient.-il leathrr, Ixutlcrings 
f-r T.-»>'lf TojM. e«l;^eji of I>ix)k-Hhelvc8, covering; furniture, 

K':.>f->»-«*'«l ATnl ;:ilt le.ithor, of differeut lengths, for 
th' ;. tn/ijii^A of nK»nui, ?cn^en«, &c., in every Viunety of 



'2.*** Utxos k Wuitim;, MtH.iiw] Strrct, Bcnnnu/isi'/ — 

Manufat'turerH. 
••iii.jili-"* of enamelle<l, japanned, and coloured hidci^; 
*;:. uz »hich in one of the hirgest hide sjilit^, eiuTie<l ; 
«:. i il-» a bide nplit into throe, the grain enamelled, and 
tL'- rw • -pliu JAjKinni'd. 

T}.v Uid^Line by u hich a «»kin 'ia pplit into two or three 
J. r»i •n^ i* of Ixrautiful and ingenious construction. It 
r :.->t*t3sjw.nt Ally of two j^r<»r»ved roUerH, which neizo the 
*L :: .kfj-l i-if^-ut it t'i the ed;;e of a rapidly-moving liori- 
7. :it-»l Ln:fH, by which it is 8pce<lily split into halves. 
Tt^' rr\-%t:\e thicknewt <»f the Iialve^ can be adjusted by 

'J'* ; IVKTmiF-B. Mortimer, k Co., In'muouhrj — 
i*n»j»riet<»r>» and Lwithcr Factors. 
M ■]'i*, l«ath«ir, and t^uining niaterialrt. 

2'*l FVwuBD. Jouv, 7 f'hnrrh St>rrt, Hmftrll Sheet ^ 
//o-i/i/iw'/.s/'v— Manufjicturer. 
?'.'♦. •*! *:\\f i*kin^. tinn(>d an<l drertsed (Paris and Ror 

• .- . X firf'h;«»ii', w:th mk h.irk and «»tl!er Km:li.><li iu-^re- 

• . • •' 

l>^jt froiiU frum similar tfkluM, blocked aiid fiui«*hcd. 



297 Tombs, E., Theberton Street, hlitujUm — Producer. 
English calf skin. 

298 Branscombe, S., Licerpooi — Manufacturer. 

Tanned bufifalo hides, imported into London in a salted 
state from the Cape of Good Hope, in 1847, and tanned 
at Lynn, in Cheshire. 



299 Heintze, L., 1 School Lam, Liverpool — Importer. 

Black japanned calf-skins, tanned and prepared by 
Heintze and Freudenberg, Weinheim, near Mannheim, 
on the Rhine. 

300 Brown, A., Milsom Street, Bath — Inventor. 
Peruke, manufactiu>ed without stitching. 



301 



Hudson's Bay Company — Producers. 

(Main Avenue West.) 

Specimens of skins from the Arctic Regions, belonging 

to the Hudson's Bay Company, selected for the Exhibition 

from their importation of 1851 ; prepared and arranged by 

the exhibitors, from No. 1 to No. 27. 

[The immense tracts of country over which the Hudson's 
Bay Company has control may bo considered as vast 
hunting-grounds, affording a varied and exhaustless sup- 
ply of furs. The territoiial possessions of this Company 
cover nearly one-eighth of the habitable globe. Russia 
is next m order and im[>ortance in this respect, but with 
a diflferent race of animals. The fur produce of North 
America and the Canadas is also important. As we ap- 
proach the tropics and the warmer regidns, the silky 
fur with which the animals are clothed in the northern 
climes disappears, and fur of a totally different character 
is mot with, which, although splendid in appearance, is 
not adapted for warmth or general use. 

Table of Imports and Exports. 



(.'hiiK-hilla 

I5«'ar . . . 

KislnT . . 

Vox rcl . 
rr«><w. 
silver 
whi;e 

Martin . , 
Mink . . 
Musqiia.<«Ii 

()tt<T. . . 

Fnr !» 'rI . 
Wolf . . 



n 
»» 



Total 

Import At ion 

into 

England. 



(0,0<M) 

H;>.(MH) 

, 5<)0 
11,000 
50,000 

4,5(0 
1. 000 

1 . .')00 

'Jo,(»oo 
;m,000 

i*:o,ooo 

24... coo 
1 ,000,<'0i» 

i:,r.(0 

1 J.OIM) 
IJ.OOO 



Exporte<l. 



.'j2'»,000 

r?,oiio 

ao,oo<) 

M.OOO 

i 1 ,0(0 

30,000 

4,500 

1 ,OtK» 

5«;o 

1.^,000 
5o,oOO 
IS 0(0 

:5,oo(j 

l.'>o,()t>0 
IT,,'>00 
IL'.JOO 
i.>,oOO 



Cormnmcd 

in 
England. 

Nonp. 

4.^, (HO 

55,000 
I ,:)00 

None. 

None. 

None. 

None. 

1,000 

2.000 

5,0t0 

105,000 

ITO,(tOO 

8.>0,0^0 

None 
2,.)(»0 

None. 



1 


-^rROPKAN Firs 


■ 






... 
... 
. • • 


Imported. 


Fx ported. 


Consumed 
in 
Kn^Und. 


Martin. Stone, and lUura 

S(|iiirrHl 

Kitrh 

IvOlin^Kl . • . • • m m 


l-.>0,00l» 

2,'-':i,-v.H 

65,n«M 

5^1,410 

1MT,|()4 


5,000 
77. 1(0 

i:<>o 

None. 


115,000 

2,194,o«W 

3. .Hl.» 

5<,l.'.0 


Ermiiu* ......>•.. 


l.-Tjoi 







-J. A. N.J 

1. Croup of black and Hilver foxcA (Vuljiitfulris, var. 

•2. <JrMUp of foXCR ( Viil}>is f>ih'iA, var. prmsS'it'l.'*). 

.1. (Jrodp of nd and wilvrr foxes ( \'n!j„\ fifn.^). 
4. ,, white ,, ( \''ifpis f'i.jnj,>>s). 

kitt ,, {\''t/jns I <-!,,.>). 

[The Mack aiiil A\\»*r fox ir* the most \ahi;il»le of thin 
tribt;: they arc generally purchju*ed for the UusHijin and 

2 T 1 



530 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



[USITB 



Chinese markets, being highly prized in these countries. 
The cross and red fox are used by the Chinese, Greeks, 
Persians, &c., for cloak-linings and for trimming dresses. 
The white and blue fox is used in this and other coun- 
tries for ladies' wear. In the sumptuary laws passed in 
the reign of Henry III., the fox is named with other furs 
then in use. — J. A. N.] 

6. Group of otter {Lutra Canadensis). 

[The Hudson's Bay North American and European 
otters are chiefly exported for the use of the Russians, 
Chinese, Greeks, and others, for cape, collars, trimming 
national dresses, robes, &c. Upwards of 500 otters, the 
produce of Great Britain, during the last year, were ex- 
ported. — J. A. N.] 

7. Group of beaver (Castor Amcricanm). 

[The beaver in former years was one of the Hudson's 
Bay Company's most valuable productions; but since its 
use has been almost entirely discontinued in the manu- 
fitcture of hats, it has lost much of its value. Experiments 
have, however, been made, and with prospect of success, 
to adapt its fine and silky wool to weaving purposes. 
The skin of the beaver is prepared by a new process, after 
which the surface is cut by a new and ingenious machine, 
and the result is a beautiful fur for ladies' wear. It is 
exported in its prepared state to various parts of Europe 
and the East. The rich white wool from the under part 
of the beaver is largely exported to France. — J. A. N.] 

8. Group of lynx {Rlis Canadensis), 

9. „ lynx cat (Felis Rnfa), 

[Both the above furs, when dyed, were formerly much 
used. It is still dyed and prepared, and exported in 
large numbers for the American market. In its nattuid 
state, it is a greyish white, with dark spots, and is used 
by the Chinese, Greeks, Persians, and others, for cloaks, 
linings, facings, &c. : it is very soft, warm, and light. 
The fur formerly called the lucem is the lynx. — J. A. N.] 

10. Group of wolf (Canis Occidentalis), 

11. „ ^YiQT {Mtistcla Canadensis), 

12. ,, wolvenn (Gulo lusats). 

[The wolves are generally use<l as cloak and coat linings 
in Russia, and other cold coimtries; also for sleigh- 
coverings, and open travelling carriages. The other skins 
enumerated are principally used for trimmings, linings, 
&c. The tail of the fisher is very valuable, and exclusively 
used by the Jews. — J. A. N.] 

13. Group of badger (T'.ixidea Labradoritt). 

[The North American badger is exported for general 
wear; its soft fine fur renders it suitable for that purpose. 
The European badger, on the contrary, from the natufe 
of its hair, is extensively used for the manufacture of 
shaving brushes. — J. A. N.] 

14. Group of martin or sable {Mastela mirtes), 

[The Hudson's Bay martin is consumed in large quan- 
tities in this country, in France, and in Germany. The 
lining of a mantle made of black sables, with white 
spots, and presented by the Bishop of Lincoln to Henry I., 
was valued at 100/. In Henry the Eighth's reign, a 
sumptuary law confined the use of the fur of sables to the 
nobility above the rank of viscounts. — J. A. N.] 

15. Group of mink {^fttstela vison), 

[The mink is exclusively the produce of the Hudson's 
Biy possesnions and North America; it is consumed in 
Euroi)C in immense numbers, principally for ladies' wear. 
—J, A. N.J 



16. Group of musquash, or musk-rat (Fiber ztbeihicfu), 

[The musquash, or large American musk-rat, iBimporiad 
into this country in immense numbers: it was formeiiy 
much used in the manufacture of hats, but the introduc- 
tion of the silk hat has entirely superseded its use; and 
the fur is employed for wear after having undergone pre- 
paration. — J. A. N.] 

17. Group of weenusk (Arctomys empetra), 

18. „ swan (Cygnits fenu), 

19. „ white hare (Z^pttf <//<icui/is). 

20. ,y rabbits (Lepus Americanvs), 

[The Hudson's Bay rabbit is one of the leaat valuabk 
skins imported by this Company : like all fun from th« 
Polar regions, its hair is fine, long, and thick, but the 
skin is so fragile and tender that it is almost lueleu.— 

J.A. N.] 

21. Group of black bear ( Ursits Amerioanud), 

22. „ brown bear ( CVuss, var. Amaicanvs), 

23. ,, grey hesjT (Ursus ferox), 

[The lazge North American black bear is technioilly 
termed the army bear, because it is generally used for 
military purposes in this and other countries, for csp% 
pistol-holsters, rugs, carriage hammerclothi, sleigh oover- 
ings, &c. The fine black cub bears are much songlii 
after in Russia for making shube-linings, cottt>liningi 
trimmings, facings, &c. The other sorts, with the laigt 
grey bears, for sleigh-coverings and aocompaniments, fte. 
The white Polar bear, the supply of which is very liw»it^, 
is generally made into rugs, which are often bordered 
with the black and grey bear. The brown or Isabella 
bear is at the present time used for ladies* wear in 
America.— J. A. N.] 

24. Group of sea-otter (Euirydra maritima), 

[The sea-otter is most sought after by the traders, on 
account of its great commercial value: it is said to be the 
royal fur of China, and is much used by the officers of 
state, mandarins, &c. It is in great esteem in Biiiisit, 
and principally worn by gentlemen for collars, cufi^ 
facings, trimmings, &c. On account of its great weight 
it is rarely used by la<:lio8. — J. A. N] 

25. Group of swan quills. 

26. ,f goose quills. 

27. ., isinglass in its natural state. 



tf 



[This specimen is in its original state; by a subeequent 
process it is prepared for domestic use. — J. A. N.] 



301a Nicholat, John Aug., & Soy, 82 Oxford Stred^ 
Collectors, Importers, Manufiicturers, ftc. 

Selected from Canadian importation, with the 

of C. M. Lampson, Esq. 

(Main Avenue, West,) 

28. Group of racoon (Procyon lator), 

[The finest racoon furs are produced in North 
and are imported into this country in immense numben. 
They are purchaseil here by the merchants who attend 
the i>eriodical fur sales, and who dispose of large quantitios 
at the great fair at Leipsic : they are principally used in 
Russia, and throughout Germany, for lining shubes and 
coats, and are exclusively confined to gentlemen's wear. 
The dark skins are the choicest, and are very valuable.] 

29. Group of cat lynx (Felis Rttfn), 
.'to. Group of mink (Mnstela riVow). 

31. Group of grey fox (VulpiM ViryiHlmts). 

[The Virginian, or North American grey lbs, is the 



KDnSDOM.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. U. I. J. 10 to 14. 



631 



produoe of the Ctmu\tm, Newfoundland, Labrador, &c., 
aad ia at preaent much used for open-carriage wr^pen.] 

Etbofban Fubs, selected by the exhibitors. 

32. Group of Russian sable (Maries zibellina), 

[The Russian or Siberian sable is one of the most costly 
fora, and is manufactured into linings, which are gene- 
rally used as presents by great potentates, being of the 
Taloe of 1000 guineas and upwards. The Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen, and SherifEi, &c., of the city of London, have 
their robes and gowns furred with this sable accord- 
ing to their respective ranks. The tail of the sable is 
also used in the manufacture of artists' pencils or brushes. 
ffrwis produces about 25,000 of these valuable and 
aaUwiiuad skins annually.] 

33. Gtroup of stone martin {Martcs cUbogularis), 

[The stone martin is widely spread over Europe, and 
derives its name from the fSnct of its selecting rocks, 
mined castles, ftc., as its haunts. The French excel in 
dying this fur, and it is in consequence termed French 
wMm.] 

34. Group of baum martin (Afcwtea abietum), 

[The baum or wood martin is so named from its being 
iutaiia bly found in woods and pine forests in Europe. 
Th« fur in its natural state is similar to the North 
American sable, but ooaner. It is distinguished by the 
bright jellow colour of its throat; when dyed, the fur 
closely resembles the real sable.] 

3^ Group of ermine (Muatela ermtnea), 

[TIm ermine is produced in most countries ; but the best 
is from Russia, Sweden, and Norway, and is killed in 
winter when the fur is pure white (except the tail, 
with xta jet bla<^ tip), it being at that season in its greatest 
j-rf'-ction : in summer and spring it ia grey and of little 
*.*r n>> vnlue. It is the weoM^^l of more southern climes. 
Tbr ffnuiue ij* the royal fur of Russia, Oenimny, Spain, 
I'"rtii^4il, Italy, &c. In England, at the corouatiou 
f'f the S«»vereigii, the minever, as the ermine is styled in 
hrrfti'Lc lan^.v;e, ia useil, being powdered, that is, 
<U'l-l»-«l mith black spotn; the spoto or powdered bars 

• •n the uiinever cai>e8 of the jKsera and jHieresses being in 
r-»ir-. aLrA the number of n»w8 or bars denoting their 
ivr. ■ .^ •Inn'eiM of nmk. The sovereign alone and the 
LI. --I n'Vil having; the minever of the con>natiou robes 
ym v-ltrivil all over, a bliick spot being inserted in about 
ty'-ry -^sjare inch of the fiU", crimson velvet being iii?ed 

• o \\jiX iiciasiun. The crown is also adorned with a 
>.u>l • f minever, with a single row of spots; the coronets 

• f rh*" j^.tTii an<i peerejwes having a similar arrangement. 
TIht bU* k *{^its are made of the black Astraain lamb. 
«>n •tattf «M.cMioa4, in the House of Lonls, the Peers 
»r* )fcrT-*ye«l in their robes of state, of scarlet cloth and 
r- i 1 ".*••. with liam or rows of pure minever, more or 
i-— ft'..-vynling to th«.-ir decrees of niuk; the 80verei;ni 
k! or m«^Ann;! the r»>yal minever, powdered all (jver. 
TVe Jud^*:* in their r')l>es of i>thce are clad in scarlet and 
j«ir»r «rnuin«*. Tlje enaine, with the tail of the animal 
:ni»-Tl*-«i therein, ii« uj«»*d as article* of droiM for hulies, 
;n •.%'rrT \Arifty of f«ina ami sha|)e. licconling to the dic- 
tA'-T- of f;iiilii<iD. and aliM» as chmk lining. The minever 
c-*r« nly \*v worn on Htate »H?cai*ions by tlume who, by their 
ra^k. artr entitled to xiA us«.>; but a/< an article of fiishion 
f T 1a.L«i' wear there ii* no prohibition in foi*ce. In the 
rr .-n "f K'iward the Tliinl, furs of ermine were strictlv 
f rT..lden tij be worn by any but the royal family, and 
It* »**-ueral lue u pruhibiteil in Austria at the present 



time. In mercantile transactions, ermine is always sold 
by the timber, which consists of 40 skins. The miniver 
fur of a former era was the white belly of the grey 
squirrel.] 

36. Group of kolinski (i/u«^«/a iS'i^^ca). 

[The kolinski or Tartar sable is procured from Russia, 
belongs to the weasel tribe, and is in colour a bright 
yellow; it is much used in its natural state, and also 
dyed to imitate the cheaper sables.] 

37. Group of squirrel, black {Scirirm Nijer). 

38. „ squirrel, blue (^Sciurus, var. Niger), 

39. ,, squirrel, kazan (Sciurus, var. Griseus). 

40. Ditto s(|uirrel, red (Sciurus vuigaris), 

[The squirrel abounds in Russia (where it is produced 
in the greatest perfection), in such immense niuubers as 
woidd appear almost incredible; the importation from 
thence to this country alone, last year, exceeding2,000,000. 
The celebrated Weisenfels lining is made from the white 
part of the dark-blue squirrel. A full-sized cloak -lining 
weighs only 25 ounces : it is known as the petit gris. For 
colder cUmates the linings are made from the back or 
plain grey part of the squirrel, the best having part of the 
tail left on each skin. Russia produces about 23,000,000 
annually.] 

41. Group of fitch or pole-cat (Putorius fcetidus). 
[About 40 years since this fur was more largely used 

than at present. It is produced in the greatest perfection 
in this country.] 

42. Group of Crimea grey lamb. 

43. f, Ukraine black lamb. 

44. „ Astracan black lamb. 

45. „ Astracan grey lamb. 

46. „ Persian black lamb. 

47. „ Persian grey lamb. 

48. ,, Spanish lamb. 

49. ,, Himgarian himb. 
5<>. ,, English lamb. 

[The grey and black Russian lamb is mostly used for 
gentlemen's cloiik and coat linings, for facings, collars, 
caps, &c., and also for army puq>oses. The Astracjui 
lamb is a rich, wavy, glossy, black skin, very short in the 
fur, having the apf)earanco of beautiful watere<l silk : 
in order to obtain this choice skin, it is averred that 
the psu*ent sheep is destroyed a certain time befoi-e the 
birth of the lamb. The Persian, grey, and black lamb, 
is covered with very minute curls ; this is produced, it is 
Kiiid, by the aniuml being, as soon as bom, sewn up 
tightly in a leathern skin, which prevents the curl ex- 
juinding. The Hungarian lamb is prodiiced in that 
country in immense numbers; of it the national coat, 
called the Juhasz Bunda, is niaile. In the sununer or 
wet weather the fur or woolly part is worn outside; in 
NNinter, when wiu-mth is ro<]uiivd, it is revei-sed: the skin 
is tanned or dressed in a way peculiju* to the country, 
and decorated ami embroidered in accordance with the 
means tuid t;wte of the weiu*er. In Spain, the lamb is 
used for the well-known and char.icteristic short jacktrt of 
that country, which is adt>rned with tili^Tce nilvcr 
l)utt<^ns; the coarser kindii of both coloui"s arc usimI for 
our cavalry, ami is also emj>loyed lV»r mountin;^ and 
bordering skiiLS, as leopards, tij^ers, &c., for onianu-ntal 
and domestic jMirposcs. In the rci^n of ]{ioluu"d the 
S«'coud, the scrj^cant at law wore a robe furivd inside 
with white lambskin and a cape of the same. J 

rd. Group of Puivwaitzki. 
Hanwtcr. 



5-'. 



*$ 



[The above are from Russia; the fonuer is us»'<l by 



632 



Class 16.— LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Akkas G. H. I. J. 10 TO 14. 



[United 



ladies, tho latter is mo^le into cloak-liniugfi, which are 
exceodingly light, durable, and cheap.] 

firj. Group of coloured cat. 
54. f, black cat. 
53. „ black Dutch. 
5G. ., coloured Dutch. 



ft 



[The cat, when properly attended to, and bred purposely 
for its skin, nupplies a most useful and durable fur; in 
Holland it is bred and kept in a confined state till the fur 
is in its greatest p^irfection, and is fed entirely on fish. 
In other countries, and especially in our ov^-u, it is pro- 
duced in large numbers. The wild cat is much larger 
and longer in the fur, and is met with in extensive forests, 
particularly in Hungor}'; the colour is grey, siK>tted with 
black, and its softness and durability render it suit- 
able for cloak and coat linings, for which purpose it 
is much used. The black species is also much in request, 
and similarly used, and, ^ith the spotted and striped va- 
rieties, is made into wn4)per8 for open carriages, sleigh 
coverings, and railway tnivelUug.] 

57. Group of English rabbit, silver Rrey, (Lepns cnni- 
cttlfis); presented by Her (trace the Du<Siess of St. Albans. 

58. Group of English black rabbit {Lepns var). 

59. „ English white rabbit. 
CO. „ English grey rabbit. 
Gl. „ Flemitih blue rabbit. 
G2. „ Polish white rabbit. 



it 



[The English rabbit, both in its ^-ild and domestic 
state, abounds in such numbers that the supply iri inex- 
haustible: it was formerly employed to mnke the felt 
bodies or foundation for the beaver hat ; at present, not 
being used for tliat purpose, it is dressed, dyed, and 
manufactured in immense quantities into various useful 
articles. The wool has recently been useil iu making 
a peculiar cloth, adapted for ladies' wear. Tlie English 
silver-grey rabbit wiis originally a breed peculiar to Lhi- 
colnshire, where great attention was paid to it. Warrens 
have since been formed in various parts of the country. 
It is in great demand in China and Russia, to which coun- 
tries it is invariably expoi-teil, on account of the high 
price there obtained. The white Polish rabbit is a 
breed peculiar to tliat countrj*. The finer sorts of white 
rabbit are much use<l as substitutes for ennine. So 
late as the reign of Henry the Eighth, such inqwrtance 
was attached to the coney or rabbit skin, that the 
charter of tlie Skinners' Company sliows they were worn 
by nobles and gentlemen. Acts of Ptu-liament were passed 
regulating their sole and exjwrtation, which are still in 
existence.] 

63. Group of European grey hare {Lcpm timidus). 

Seal {Phoca). 

64. Group of seal, G>x>rgia, Siiyttlano Isles, Falk- 
land Isles, Lomar's Island, and Cape. 

65. Group of plucked and i>re|)ared seal, natural colour. 
6»». „ pluckc<l and prei«u-t-<l seal, d3'e<l. 

67. „ Greenland and NewfinnuUund seal. 

<'iH. „ Greenland and Newfoundland seal, dyed. 

69. .. spotted and silver seal. 



ft 



[Tlie seal is an inliabitant of most countries; it is found 
in the high northern latitudes in immense numbers; 
ships arc purpos^'ly fittwl out for its Ciipture; the oil pro- 
duced by the animsil, together with its skin, render it 
(connected as it is with the whale fisherj') inqiortant to 
the trader, and interesting to tho naturalist. The skins 
ore salted and packe<l in casks, in which state they ore 
sent to this country; they are then sorted and Belecte<l 



for various purposes; those suitable for leather pais into 
the tanners' hands, and make a beautiful leather, which is 
used for Lulies' shoes. The blue bock, the hair, and the 
silver seal, are dressed and used in their natural state, 
and also dyed and exported in large quantities. The 
fur seal, the supply of which is always small ocympaiyNl 
with the other kinds, umlei^goes a prooess to prepare it 
for its intended use. It is brought at the present time 
to a great degree of perfection in this country; when 
divested of tho long coarse hair (which protects it in 
its native element) there remains the rich, curly, mUkj, 
yellowish down, in which state it was fonnerly used for 
travelling caps and other purposes. It is now seldom 
marlc use of in that state, but dyed a beautifbl Vandyke 
broAi-n, giving it the appearance of the richest velvet, and 
is manufactured, in every ATuiety of shape and form, as 
articles of dress for ladies', gentlemen's and children's 
wear.] 

The dressing, preparing, and unhairing, has been ef- 
fected by Mr. CoUius, Earl-street, Finsbury Square. 

South American. 

70. Group of chinchilla, Buenos Ayres (Chit^Ula lani' 
gent). 

7 1 . Group of chinchilla, Arica (Chinchilla Um^ffra), 

72. Group of bastard chindiilla or Lima {ChiehiUa 

laHi'tjcra). 

[Tlie chinchilla is exclusively a South American animal, 
and was introduced into this country and France about 
forty years since.] 

From the Tropicff 4'C' 

73. Group of lions (/V/w /<Y>). 

74. ,, royal tigera {Felis titjris). 

75. „ C?ape tigers {Felis IcojktrdM Africanm). 

76. „ leo|)Br(ls {Felis Icojtardus). 

77. „ panther ^/V/isu/tcu). 

78. ,, chdtar. 



>» 



[In China, the mandarins cover the seat of justice nith 
the tiger. In this country the collocation of the leopsRl 
under the officer's saddle is a distinguishing mark, adopted 
by some of Her Majesty's cavalry regiments. In Austria, 
tlic small fine leoi)ard is worn as a mantle by the 
llungiunan noblemen, who exclusively form the royal 
hussar body guard.] 

79. Group of zebra {Etpats zSra). 

80. ,, anteltqte {Antelofie oreotragui). 

81. „ black monkey {Cohb'u nrsiwis). 
8*^. „ ant-QtkUyr {Myrmecojthiuja JHbatft), 

83. ,, moose deer {Ccrvua aices). 

84. deer. 

85. „ Australian (Dat^urus vicerrintat), 

8'> . , , Indian ground squirrel {Si^iunupaiwutnm), 

87. „ flying squirrel {Scittrus jtctaurns), 

88 . , , Angora goat ( C ijh\i h I'/nu). 

89. „ dyed Angora goat, various. 

[The Angora goat is produced in laiige numbers in Asia 
Minor, and is remarkable for its long, curly, rich, white 
silky coat; it \^-as formerly a most costly article of ladies* 
wear, but is at the present time of little value. It is 
dyed, and takes some of the most beautiful and brilliant 
colours. It is made into beautiful rugs for 
rooms, carriages, &c.] 

90. Group of beaver, prepared by a new process. 

91. „ beaver, dyed. 

Exhibited to illustnito an entirely new method of 
preparing the beaver, and adapting it for general use. 
Dressed and cut by Messrs. Lee ft Son» SonUiwaric. 



KCEODOM.] 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIR. 
Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



533 



92. GixMip of anhaired or pulled dyed otter. 

[The pulled otter is manufactured by having the ez- 
tanud or long hair pulled or stripped off, leaving the soft, 
fine wool or down underneath; it is then dyed.] 

93. Qronp of dyed lynx, see No. 8. 

94. „ penguin {Sjimiscus aptenodytes). 

95. „ grebe (Ptxticfps cristata). 

pThe grebe is an aquatic bird, inhabiting most of the lai^ge 
him in Europe. The choicest specimens are from Geneva, 
Italy, askd Holland. The feathers are of rich white, 
hsrii^ the appearance of polished silver, the plumage 
oo the outer edge of the skin being a rich dark brown; 
it is naed by ladies, and forms a beautiful article of 
drcas; and is worn as trimmings for the trains of court 
and drawing-room dresses, for muffs, cufib, boas, &c. It 
u very durable; the exquisite smoothness of the feathers 
prrreDta its soiling with wear.] 

9*>. Specimen of swan feathers. 

97. „ goose feathers. 

98. „ eider down. 

[The bird from which the down is taken is found in 
lai^ numbers in Iceland, Norway, Sweden, &c., its 
ei^our is dark grey, and its elasticity, lightness, and 
to wet, are prominent amongst its other ad- 
I ; it is used for the inside stuffing of muffs. On 
the Continent, the well-known eider-down quilts are 
lai^gely nsad.] 

99 — 115. Suits of Russia sable ; Hudson's Bay sable ; 
■bletail; mink; chinchilla.; grebe; sea otter; Siberian 
■quiirel, with tails; kolinski; minever; ermine; moleskin; 
natural beaver; dyed beaver; seal; swan; goose down. 

[The down of the goose is manufactured by being sewn 
on textile fikbrics. It is a specimen of Irish industry, and 
hafl been patronised and sold in England extensively for 
tb»- li^neBt of the Irif*h female poor, by whom it has 
h^-vu Di:iile up. The price, comiwii-eil with the true swaiift- 
il »-.. i-* very m«>derate. Being sewn upon clotb, it cau 
t* w^Led.] 

11»'». Suit of En^^linh silver-Kroy rabbit; presented by 
Hi-r <Irac«' the I>uehei« of St. Albans. 

117. Suit of bliick monkey. 

ll'*— 14*». Fur Boiil f>ar<lcrtHUfl, dyed ; paletot; paletot, 
tririitu*^! •♦-ible: ind^Uyt, trimmed mink; paletot, trinm]e<l 
TtAhi-^^r: i«alet«»t. trimmed p^cbe; cloak, lined and trim- 
n»«^l tnuin*?: chiM'n ermine f>alet*)t; child's seal ptiletot, 
trr:*ni»^l niinever; child's kcjiI f»svlet<>t, trimmed mink; 
r-'--b »n\t'li •[)«;; child's i*aletot; childV jjicket; ^'entle- 
irifci;"- c»>at; yt»unjj gentleman's coat; waistcoat, double- 
lrt.i#t»d; waistc<»iit, »*iiiKlebretu*te<l; hidy's Ixmnet; pen- 
ti'tii-in'-* "tiKrk ; la^ly't* IhkhI ; gentleman's coat, natur.U 
<■ I.^ur: wai;<tci>at, sinjjjle-breiwted, uutunU colour; wai«t- 
c»-*t. d'^'iblf-bresiHte*!, natnnd colour. 

141. Tartar f<W-rtkiu, lady's pardessws; new design. 

1 ;_', ,, gentlemjui'rt coat 

1 4 ;. ,, waistcoat 

1 44, Mink huiy's j»;U"<ie-<j«uA. 

14'. - 141*. Civntlrman's tM»at, linotl fur J»eal; lined sable. 
threat or irill; lim'«i genet; liue<l gunet; lined North 
An/«-ri':a»n frrvy fox. 

1 '»>•. OeBtleman's fhubc, lint'<l racoon. 

IM. ,, limr<l hl;w'k iK'ar. 

1.'>J. G»*ntl«ma2r;» C'Hit, lintel and i|uilte<l eider down. 

1*. ; Fur {rl«iv«v». LulieH' and pentlcmrn's. 

I '-l. Fur \**>*ttM and •'h'^H's, la»li«'s' an<l gi-ntlmien's. 

I'-.*.. Fnr travelling' ch|>s, hulies' and gentlemen's. 

1 > . F\ir covcringn f.jr oj*cn carriiige.-* and «lcigh j.ur- 



f> 



>> 



] V A. BuflEalo roboi< or skiux. 

"n«e bufflilo i.>» killed in immen>ic number« by the Noi-th 
Ax»?r.«.sui Indi-ui/t, solely for the t^mgue, the skin, and 



the bosses; they have a peculiai* method of dressing the 
skin with the brains of the imimal, in which state it is 
always imported. It has of late years been much used in 
Europe.] 

157. Carriage wrappers: — North American grey fox, 
various, outside of waterproof cloth. 

158. Carriage wrapi)ers: — Black African monkey, out- 
side of watei-proof cloth. 

159. Carriage wrappers: — African antelope, outside of 
waterproof cloth. 

1(50. Carriage wrappers: — North American black bear, 
outside of waterproof cloth. 

161. Carriage wrappers: — Foreign and English cat, 
various, outside of waterproof cloth. 

162. Carriage wrapjwrs: — Silver-grey English rabbit 
skin. The skins presented by the Duchc«s of St. Albans. 

16.'^ Cloth travelling bag, lined and trimmed bear 

164. ,, lined grey fox. 

165. Fur table-covers, various. 

166. Cigar-cases, mounted in fur. 

167. Silver se^ game bag. 

168. Fancy chair, covei*ed with silver seal. 

169. ,, covered with silver seal. 

170. ,, covered leopard. 

171. ,, covered natural fiir seal. 

172. Library chair, covered zebra. 

173. ,, covered zebra. 

174. North American fox foot ottomans, mounted on 
black bear. 

175. North American fox, mounted as ornamental mats, 
rug^, &c. 

176. Foot muffs, various. 

177. Cloak and coat linings, various. 

178. Ladies' needlework, mounted in fur; unique. 

179. Models of muffs, various. 

1 80. Rein-deer hoofs and mitts, specimen of Canadian 
Indian embroidery and fur; presented by the Marquis of 
Worcester. 

181. Eider-down quilt. 

182. Swan-down puffs. 

Specimens of natural history, set up to illustrate the 

vai'ious skins. 

183. Lions, furnished for the Kxliibitionby Mr. Meyer. 

184. Group of leopjutls, by Zoologic^d Society. 
IHT). ,, ocelots, by Zoological Society. 
IH'J. Arctic wolf, by Hu(b^on's Biiy Comjiany. 
1H7. Arctic blue fox, by Huds«»u'8 Bay Company. 
Iss. Group of beavers, by Ujidson's Bay Company, 
iwy. ,, otters, by the Marquis of Worcester. 
liU). ,, polecats, by Eju'1 Nelson. 

liJl. ,, fox, by Manpiis of Worcester. 

IMJ. ,, grebes, by Manjiiis f>f Worcester. 

I'.M. ,, mu8<in!UKh, by Hu(ls«ni's B;iy Company. 

1U4. OrnithorliynciLs, by Mr, Kllis. 

10.'). ,, lynx, b}' Hudson's Bay Company. 

10'!. Javanese musk deer. 

107. Group of ant^'lopes, by Z>nt\o'^icii\ Society. 

108. ,, p«»rewaitzka. by Zoological Society. 
100. Wliite stone maitin. bv Mr, Geor-'*; Smith. 

200. White Sil>erian sijiiiiTvl, by Mr. (Jeorgc Smith. 

201. Kur<3pean bare and Tolar whit<; ditto. 

2oj. Head aud fore jwiws of royal tiger, of givat size 
iwiil beiiutv. 

203. Model of Peeresg, in brr coronatiou robes of 
e ^tiit*.'. 

2"4. Ladies' cloaks, lined s.iuirrel lock, trimmed with 
l^rey Siberian nujuirr^l with tailv, 

2o.'>, La«ly*s walkin;^ paletot, line<l fur. 

2'>o. Ljuly's travelling cl<»ak. lined fur. 

2<'7. Muff and 1m>:i, matle of the down from the feathen 
I'fthe bird c.illeil the eu'ret. The e«>stly n.iture of the 
miterial is siudi, and h^ r;u*ity so ^'re.it, that thn'e otln-r 
.<jets only have bei-n ma«le diuin::; tin* hist century, the 
possessni"s o{ which are imperial and r<)yal jhi-oh.i;^',-..*. 
Manufactured bvMons,Hav, of I'.iris, for the exhihiton, 

208. Group of UuHsi;m .sibles. 



534 



Class 16.~LEATHER, SADDLERY, BOOTS AND SHOES, 

Areas G. H. I. J. 10 to 14. 



[w 



209. Engliah badger, by the Marquis of Worcester. 

210. Group of heads, rare gpecunens from Centiul 
Africa, by Captain Bates. 

{See Mitin Avenue West,) 

302 Poland, Son, & Meredith, 52 Bread Street, 

Cheajviide — Designers and Manufacturers. 
Leopard heuth-rugs. 
Rugs: miniature tigress, with two cubs. 

303 Samson, Philip, 1 Little KnUjht Rider Street, 

St. Paul's Chiun^yard — Manufacturer. 
Fur articles, embroidereid in chenille, &c., in floral and 
iigiured designs. Fur collar. Fur and imitation-fiir elastic 
cuffs. 

304 Meyer, P. & M., Bow Lane, City — Manufacturers. 
Dressed, dyed, pulled, and sheared English rabbit- 
skins; riding boas, muffii, cuffs, cardinals, round boas, 
caps, and gloves. 

305 Ellis, Gborge, 23 Fore Street — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
Boos, victorines, muffs, and other articles in fur and 
velvet. 

306 Drake, R., 25 Picctdilly — Manufacturer. 
Russia sable, spotted ermine, and grebe muffs. 
Pieces of the spotted ermine lining of the Queen's 

coronation robes; also of King William the Fourth's, 
and of King Qeorge the Fourth's. 

Astracan lamb's skin : the paws are used for spotting the 
ermine lining of coronation robes. 

307 Clab&e, Robert, & Sons, 157 Chcapside — 

Manufacturers. 
Manufactured fiirs of ermine knd mink; cardinals, muffs, 
boas, cuffs, and gauntlets; the same of musquash, natu- 
ral and dyed. 

308 Callow, T., & Son, 8 Park Lane — ^Inventors 

and Manufacturers. 

Riding whips, of clarified rhinoceros hide, in various 
colours. 

Riding and driving whips, with the handle of hippo- 
potamus leather, enamelled green. 

The rhinoceros whips and the hippopotamus leather 
are stated to be invented and made by the exhibitors. 

309 Ince, J., 75 Oxford Street — Manufactiu^r. 
Royal tiger-skin rug, mounted with black bear. 

Two coronation ^inine muffs, constructed upon a new 
and improved principle. One is inflated with air, which 
can be immediately discharged, and the muff compressed 
to the most portable size, when not required for use, the 
othjer folded up. 

310 Lutoe & Parsons, King Edward Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Registered Princess Royal, in Russia sable, American 
sable, mink, ermine, minever, dunchiUa, squirrel, and 
seal boas. 

A large rug, with a very rare skin in the centre^ between 
a leopiud and tiger, surroimded by the Royal Arms, 
H.R.U. PriiKie Albert's Arms, and H.B.H. Prince of 
Wales's Feathers; all worked in furs. 

810a Ssuth, George, & Sons, 10 Watling Street^ 

Manufacturers. 

Muffs, cardinals, flat boas, riding boas, cuffs, &c., in a 
variety of furs, including Russian sable, Hudson's Bay 
and Canadian martin or sable, sable tail, Russian squir- 
rel, Siberian squirrel, chinchilla, and fitdi. 

Specimens of the same, dyed. 

Jl 1 Dick, A., 35 Qeorges Street, Edmbwyh — 

Manufacturer. 
PUr hearth-rug, worked with upwards of 2,500 pieces 
from different furs, comprising mutiiif sable, British 



sable, real ermine, imitation ermine, squirrel, koiirnkf, 
&c. 

312 Garner, D., 41 Itnsbury MarkH--lSMnuhetuTet 

and Designer. 
Registered portable boot-tree, adapted for buttoa-booii^ 
shoes, &c., and contains brushes, blacking, boot-hooks^ 
boot-powder, &c. Boot and shoe lasts. 

313 Hidden, T., 88 London Road, Soutkwark — 

Manufacturer. 
Leather buttons, with flexible shanks, on an improved 
principle, for boots, shoes, and wearing sppsreL 
New leather beads of various colours. 



314 CoRBT, J. & J., Queen Camel Sonih, near 

Sherboume — Produoers. 
Specimens of kid and Iamb leather, curried. 



315 Case, Charles, 45 Wood Street, Chee^pside — 

Manufacturer. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's riding whips of blaf(& sad 
white twisted whalebone. 

Gentlemen's walking-sticks, of black knotted wlude> 
bone. 

Gig whips, knotted and plain, with silver mountiiig. 

316 Marsden, C, Waterloo Houae, JCingskmd Soad-^ 

Inventor. 
Patent ventilating boots and shoes. 



317 Leathart, Charles, 15 John Street, Waterloo Boad-~ 

Inventor. 
Liquid hair dye. The effect of the dye illustrated by & 
wig, in a case, containing four shades of hair. 

318 Taylor, T., Dwd/m— Inventor. 
Specimen of soluble leather. 

319 Phipps, W. D., Cadogan House, Sloane Street . 

Inventor. 

The Eupadian registered elastic spring boots. 



320 Hadley, R., 72 JTigh Street, Worcester-^ 

Improver and Manufacturer. 
Ladies' ornamental bair, in fironts, bands, curls, sod 
plaits. 

321 Mantel, W., Bedford— Deaa^er and Manufiurtorer. 
Three improved wigs, and lady's head-dress. 

322 Carr, William, 10 ffatton Wa//— MsDu&otorer. 
Improved premier blacking. 

323 Newoome, J., Swinegate, Oranthan^—hiyeaior. 
Shoes made from a new material. 



323 A Adoock & Co., 3 Princes Street, Catfendish Square 

Produoers. 

Choice collection of dyed feathers. 

(Main Avenue West.) 

324 Nelson, J., ITollowag — Inventor. 
Boots warranted to wear in the centre of the sole. 



325 Carron, W.,^ Birmingham — Inventor. 
Patent clogs. 

326 Essex, J., 1 Charterhouse Lane, St. John Street-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Fancy lamb and sheep-skin wool rugs for hearths, car- 
riages, &c. 

Carriage feet mu£&; and travelling and invalid wool 
boots. 

327 Allin, W. S., 1 Dorset Mews, East Baker &reet-^ 

Producer. 
Pair of boots. 



SKINS, FUR, AND HAIB. 
ArbasG. H.I. J. IOtoU. 



338 Lcrm 4c Co., Kmg E<biiard Stnet—ltumtaefarars. 

ikijal hem in RnwiiD uil Ameriaiii aahta, mink, 
■nuDB, a^aattr, tml, uiJ ahmdullK. 

lai^ ng «iu nu« akin in eentn, rarroimded b; tlie 



— MaDofActurer. 
I •■«» Mddla, or pg-pad, by wliiDli a bone'e 
n ba coT«rad iir tuiema«il while aUndlDg, bj a 
■ow «iUc& U7 <nrer tlu dwh*baard. 



X, a., ft Son* JVirto «»(to /■(*» omJ 
&iiitr, ;%^aJ>f— HanofiuiturBra. 
M|n>niMM <f lUmnfc aod stripnl luur-neKtias, Vitriuua 
m1ihu«; pWn ntin and Unoo wMp, Unok, siid cotton 
— p. hlMk. 



WVp. DMOI. 

ItulJMl b«*»-l>ui'. whit«; South Amerio*!], blnoki 

KatoUa OMid in the nunnfacturp of hair Mating. 

I> >hr»« •pimiiiaiu a wist; of ■'■"T'I' pMtonui or de- 
^pM B« iMtTDdnaad, bv th« kpiilicMition of the Juoquurd 
bom, wd >l«o m diremt; of colniin. 

[FWoMrlj tha mrpa for hatr-aoBting were made exclii- 
dialj df Hm* Jmh, but of lata yean oottou boa been 

— '— ilj gwd, chiefly for raport to the United Statt- 

it of iti aaflDeH, ai it prodticee cloth of n moi 



e, and of unoother and m 



and oonaiderad better mited to the purpoev of tufljng 
ttiiui the fldirio made f^om liDsn yam. 

Hone-hair luitablfl for mikiiig oaloored aeatinga roiui 
be i>ure Tiiate ; H is aftorwarde dyed of ratioua ooloon, 
and of thia there ii 00I7 a limited supply. Some ilifB- 
Dulty might coii>o<jiii!Utly aiiee in procuring; the niw 
material. 

Hair-aeating a vayea by bond. eTcry bur being intro- 
duced singly. It diffbn in thia reii-ect froiu oioift othor 
woven fabrica. In which thera it a uniform and continuout 
supply of material, thereby permitting the npplicstioii of 
etaam-power. In hair-seating, the waft being in debuhed 
plecca, it boa boon found that power-toouu cannot be ad* 
vnntfi^eoualy employed.] 

{FUicfd ia Clan U.) 



331 



McDotroALL, D., /nwrMW— Producer. 
Highland stalking boots ; ond dreu ahoea. 



332 Bevikctoh ft Hoiwia, King William Slrvel, Cits— 
Hanufaoturen. 
Sheop-wuol mats and Angola eoat-mats, in great rarletj, 
plain and touay. for beoitb-rngs, carriages, and doors, 
tie. A variety of fuis in cardmabi, mu&, boas, riding- 
boas, and euffb, both natural and dyed. 



536 OFFICIAL ILLUSTRATED AND DESCRIPTIVK CATALOGUE. 




PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 



INTRODUCTION. 

r.tPEii of even- <losciiplioii, ]:rintinR auil bookbintling, with the miiicellaneous nrticlt's coiiiiccleJ nitli corre- 
^•iiiiicnce, aud uBcrul ami unuuiicntal statioticr)', fonii the aubjects of the present ClnsH. The iiiaiiuriicture of 
tbcw aniclea — niinisleriug not to the jieriioiial or domestic wautH of niaukind, so nnicli iw to (licir iutellvctual 
iciiiirtiut-ntg — is one tlii; annual iiicreaue of wliicli h Cf)cxtcn3ivc witli tlie (liffuHJoii of kuowlcilge. Aud it 
soy lie truly awd, that, moraUy aud intellectually considered, the present Class relates to a species ofindustty 
ricrdain;: indirectly aniorec^ttensive ioflueQce over social economy tlian any of those inlowhich tht8?]xlii1>itioa 
hu tje«ii Hil^vided. Eookt, it liu been said, carry llie iiruductioun of the human miud over tbo whole 
ki-rhl. Bod may be truly called the raw materials of every lund of science and art, aud of all aocial ini])rovc- 
ment. The Sub-ClassGa are as follows : — A. Paper in the raw state as it leaves the mill, such as Prowu i'8i«r, 
Hillbcanlit, Wntinp, WritinE.aud Drawinjj Pajicrs, &c. ; B. Articles of Slationciy, as Knvelopca, I.ace Pajiers, 
Twicy I'ajvrs, Ornamented and Cilazed Pa[)ers, t-caliug-wax. Wafers, Inks of all kindfi, ftc. ; C Pastelioards, 
L'bkLi, 4c. ; I>. Pajier and Scalclioard P^xcs, C'artonnerie, &c. ; B. Printinf!, not includini; printini; as a fine 
art, aud i'riDlin'' Inks and Vaniislies ; Buokbindiu" iu cloth, velvet, vellum, &C. ; Fancy Itooks, Portfolios, 
Ite»k«. Ac. 

The imition occupicJ in the liuildins is in the North side of the Western Main Avenue ; and the Areas 
includal He F. 27 to 29, U. H. 1. J. 2t> aud 27. liathcr more than 200 exhibitors aji^iear to represent this 
Claw in its various branchca of industi^-. 

The localiliea from whence the articles cxhibiteil have Iwen sent are nnidi lew restricted than in preceding 
CI.iK»fi. Mnnv of the cxhibiliirs apj^ar in the enjMicitv of |iruducers of biii.iU articles for fancv purjioscs ; and 
i,* tl.i-.>.-irL-..|.uuo»lv c«i«1>lc iif K'in^ maile at liniiic, reqiiiriii;; taste and miutili.' skill nilhtr ilmn uiutljfluieal 
1-- -T f.,r ihrir niiiuuracture, the places from whii'li they have Krn forwarded for exhibition have not the »] ecial 
iiii- -i-?t :jti,iibin;i to ;nval jirrHhiciii;: towns or ritics, where thousands of iiiiicliiuis aud o]ATiitivcs pre all iiccu- 
p;- '. ill ■■iif iU-|inrtuu.'Ut of inHnnfucture, Proui the luetnijolis, however, where a liir;;c ileiiiand for mich arlicles 
•■\ift.. il„. jn-.it pniiiirliou oflliem jin- derived. Tjjudoii also rejirewntii umsl lurj;cly llie iiioniioiu' priii(in«! 
r- -. 11'-. i .1 ilii, CMiiiiirv. I'.wt of thcif, as ii|«ciuieng only of single wiirhn ran a].] ear, but a laint idea can hi- 
l;..i.- .1 ■.:'.-ii, \],r (■^alll^.il^ oshibiird. hi oiie of the iirMiteal establishnieuls of the Metroi-jlis Uwiilv ma. IiIuck 
at, r-..i,.i.-,„ily i--ci.i.i.d. nid. >■( which is cajaible of throwinj! oft' from 3,000 to -l.fiOfi iuii>rtss;<>iis ]-n l.mir. and 
111 .i.|.l.i;..ii a l.in;i- uiiiul-.r <•( ]iriii(im; machini'S for line work an- employed. These s-rcat i.riutiii|! eslablisli- 
I. .■!;•- ri'-iiiblr MTV iliisily the larire iiiaiiufHCtiiries of other dihlricls, onlv their or{;ani7j»t ion dillers wiih the 
{••'\:..,r i..iiiire cf liir mannfailiire, if the niwliaiiical pmliu-tion of jiriiiteil looks may lie wi lern.eil, 

l"..|-r. ii."n- (.■_'i1inialilv reckoiiiil niiioii^ manufactures than iinntin'.'. has a certain limitnlion lo dislricls 
{■r I ..ri' i:l:tr kitKtx. I 'oiiMdemblv wk is ii.ade in Kii^dnnd ihaii iu Scotland or In-liiud. Kent is cdchrati'd 
f- ■<- ti-..-«rilin- and draH-in:.jffl|Hrrs. rn.m L-^ll(■i.«bi^■, l!,-rkshin>, Hm-ford, and llerbvsliiro, ia[.<r>. of 
v.r ...!. kiLiU ati; «ii|-plieil. The iiuantHv <■( paprr iinmiailv tnanufacHircd in Kndaud two years nji. auiomilcd 
t.. I::-.M:;-<L-,7 lbs. ; in IStl, it was litlk- ii.oie than half thai iiuanlitv. In If-.'!'.', it ^\w cstiuiHtui Hial the 
.,.;, :.!:■-, iw,l, if wnnllv dividi'J an.on;; the lupulatioii, v\oiild bave'W.n idoul three i ouiids and three- 
.i...r:.r-r..r..»diin.iivi.inal. 

A i.ir;.tv..rii,.'il,anii:il inii.rovemmls. l..lh in tlu- pro.liirti.-ii of j^aperand in that of prinl.d I.k.^^s. lias 
\.-Tt iMr..iii<-.,.i ..f lai... Ill tl»' maimfai-tiire of pa] er the sulwliluHon of uiatliine for band Uil .lur h-M Urn 
;,:•. ..-1.-I nith tb.- mont moiiH-nluiis riMills. In 1 wi], tl,.- priei- of a r,i,iu of | a| ir of a | avlieular di «iii>li..n 



I, tl..- riii 



I Kiii-d..ii 



lall.v in 






nilli..| 



o I1.». 



Scrbii^'. 



I.- It ill] 






liil ai 



II chei 



«d] 



...l PR 



(■r<- f.il 






nd c 



■-rly 



ii-l with 
^'lUtiiral inrtnuiiints. tin 
I. .-vid<iir<- of Ih- enomiou: 

:- 7.'Hiyjr.li'lon.', tlief.lh . _. 
•' a;^i1i(.iiliiiu of iiii|>ri>veil uiacbini 
•At uiouicbi. Pnijirfss is Etill iii.i< 
Ifil aocouul of tlie intrudHction of 



i-hu-t. I 

nical skill in its iri'iamlioi 
iiiwt rtfnse mailer thus Nr 
en.;tli of pa| cr | riKlueeil b 
L',:.iii')yan!»iM length. 



H also . 



536 OFFICIAL ILLUSTRATED AND DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE. 




PAPER, PRIXTLNG, AND BOOKBlNniNG. 



INTRODUCTION. 

TArtR of every desciijilion, j^rinlins and bookbinding, with the misccllaneouB ftrtii'lcs eouiiected with corra- 
^■u:i<)eucv, aiiii uufful and omaiiieiital statiocicrj-, fonii tlie aiibjeets of the jireecnt Class. The manufacture of 
tlie«,' BTticIrs — nimisteriiig not to the [lersotial or domestic wants of mankind, so niiich na to their ioteilectuftl 
rfiuiretucDla — in oiio the aijnual increase of whicli is cocxtcnfflve with the dift'uniun of knowledge. Aud it 
luay be truly najd, that, morally aud intellectually considered, tlie present Clflas relates to a t{iecies of industry 
fiercising iiiiUrtclly amorecxtensive influence over social econouiytlian any of those into which this Ex-bibitJon 
ha* been sul^vided. Books, it has been said, carry tbc |irodncliona of the bumau mind over the whole 
vivlil, and may be truly called the raw materials of every kind of science and art, and of all social improve- 
ment. The SuM'lasscs are as follows ; — A. Tajicr in the raw state as it leaves the mill, such as Urown I'siiCT, 
Uillboanlii, Printing, Writinj:, and Drawing I'apcrs, 4c. ; B. Articles of Stationer^-, as Envelopes, I jice Pai-ers, 
Fancy l'B|vn, Ornamented and <ilazcd I'ajters, dealing-wax. Wafers, Inks of all kindu, 4c. ; C. Pastelwards, 
CanlM, Ac. ; I), raider and Scnlelioard Ik>\es, Cartotmerie, 4c. ; E. Printing, not including iirinting as n fine 
an, and I'rintin'' Inks and Varnishes ; Iluokbiudiug in cloth, velvet, vellum, 4e. ; Fancy Books, Portfolios, 
I^ebk^ 4c. 

The jiowtion occu]iifl in the Huilding is in the North side of the Western Main Avenue ; and the Areas 
iitclDiied are F. 27 to 20, (i. II. 1. J. 2li aud 27. liather wore than 200 exhibitors api>ear to represent this 
Clan in its various branches of industry. 

The localities from whence the articles exhibited have l>cen sent are much less restricted than in preceding 
Chs*.-*. Manv of the exhibitors »|ij>ear in the cajiKcitv of | rodueers of Miiall articles for fancv irtirjOBi'B ; and 
:-- t;^..s.- an „l,vit,ii^lv c.i[>iil-le ol Wwi made at hoti.e, miuiriiig tiislu and minute skill mtbcr il.an iiiLvlinziiwI 
j..-...r fi.rib.'irin.iimlacHm-,t!ie ]iI:icik from which they have kvn f.-nvji riled fur e\hil.itii-n have not 1li('H)vdiil 
i;.;.ri>l .niiiitlrin;^ to ;:n'al |ir<>ibuing (owns or cities, where thcwminils of ninchiuii and ii]<Tatives are all ii'eu- 
I'lf! ii> I in- dij-^irtiiii'iit tif ] null II fact lire. FnHii the iiictni| dis, however, where a hir^re deniaiul fur Mich arlieli'S 
<■\i,-l^. tlu- :;rt:il jiriiii.rtioii of ihem are deriveil. Lumlon aUo reprewnts must largely the ennniKPiw j-rinling 
ri--.ir..- i.iil.i, tiiiiiilrv. lliil riiihew, a>i s|ieciineiiN onlv of single HOi'ksr-.in n]pr.eiir, but a faint idea can \v 
1.A :!.!-'! irr.ii, ii,i' e\anl|.|<^ (Aliibitcd. In one I'f the greatest establishments of the Metnijjjlis twentv machines 
an- r..i,si.,i,iiy .-■eiii.ied.vacli -f wj.ieli is ea)ialile of throwing off from -VW to4,(iO0 imi-n-ssii.ns jit hour, and 
in .[■!dit;iri s lari;e iriiiiiluT ••{ printing ninehines fur fine work nK" enijiloyed. These great ]irinting establish- 
ni< III' r-Htiil-le vi^ri- cbis'ly the !a^,•e inHnnracl(iri<'s of other iliMriels, cliilv their or^aniaition dilfers with the 
j'-'T;li»r luitiire cf tlie niaiiufai-tiin-, if the mwliaiiieal ])ni<lueliiiii of jiriiitrillmilismay be wi leniii'd. 

Pi|>-r. ui'in- Ie.'i1iiiiali-lv reekoiu'il ammi:: innuufactures than pnntiu'.', has a certain liuiilation to dislricls 
f r lartirniar kinds. CoiisideRiblv more iNtiiade in Km:lnnd Hum in Hcllland or In-laiid. Kent is eelebrat<'d 
f-,-r its fi;i.-H riling and dr:iwingi.ii[.trs. Frnm I.amMsliin-, l!c-rk«bire, H.-n-r.inl, and IVrLvshire, jaiers of 
^ jr..n- kiiidi. an.' sii|.iilif.i. The .[iiaiKiiv c.f ].:i]<r aiiiiiiiillv nianuriictiirtd in Kn.dand two veamagoan.ounled 
t.. ].TJ.i:;','.';.-.7 lbs. ; ill lf:n, it «as lliil,. ii,oie fh.niibiillibiit Miiiiuiiiv. Ill lh;;it, il was estimated that the 
.,v..!.ii;v ,i*.l. if c,iMnllv divided among ilie u.t. illation, voiild Lave"U>ni aloiit three rounds and thn>e- 
S-...r:.r.r..r™(hindiv ' 
.fnu^bali 



l>.'i. 



■■■d of l:i 



i,.l.'l «itl lii,. 



In the 



[its, Uilh in the |.roibir 



In 



of a 



!■ for hai 
L.r..fap 



iiii,-d I coks. jias 



r .l.■^. 



■ Im 



ol i 



iviiii 






■ for 



1.1. Bwllw r ■•.■Ills- of iiiTf^iKil pni.liK-lion and oiiiMiniplion ■ 
* i-.- n*.;ard(.->l as a cheniind tini'lnrt, as it is eertain that a 
."fnllv <ombiiii-.l with iiicelianieal skill in ils j.njarjtion, 
n.- haidi-ul iiisinimeiits, the must refuM- matter (bus Ucom 
■I, . 1 ;-!. wv of tb.- eii..rmoiis lenvlh of latvr i r.-biTOl l.v n 
.- :- 7.V> yard* l.m/, the oih.r L'.f.i*) yar.l,s in iciiglh. " 
i." ui-|>lie.itioii of iijipr 



!'r..gi 



is »till II 



> till:' 



J.l"l accwul ofthe iutroducliou of an culirely 



lew |.ri 



and has Urn at tend, d «illi r.siilt.* 
rdinu I las-uill U- fiMind 11 iM.re 
: (the verlicid), Uie appliealioii of 



538 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING, 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. II. I. J. 26, 27. 



[Ub 



wliich for the rapid multi])lication of news])apcrs is extending. By this arrangement, the vertical, the power 
of production is only limited by the size of the machine. 

Among many interesting specimens of typography, those which exhibit the production of books in other 
tongues, by tyi)e cast in England, will attract notice. The Holy Scriptures are exhibited in one hundred and 
fifty different languages — ^a noble evidence of the highest application of industry to the enlightenment and 
welfare of mankind. Beautiful specimens of the bookbinder's art are likewise shown. 

An envelope-folding machine, placed at the side of the Main Avenue, is a striking instance of the successful 
application of mechanical movements to the performance of the most delicate and complicated actions. By 
tliis machine, which would in strictness appear to belong to a preceding Class, the movements of the hand of 
the folder are not only exactly imitated, but the result is more accurate and certain, and the power of pro- 
duction is very largely increased. 

Tlie peculiar interest which attaches to the objects in this Class, as the most powerful agents in the social 
and intellectual improvement of man, cannot fail to be awakened by the most casual inspection. Pai>er, 
))rinting, and bookbinding, are, however, only the raw material, the application and reproduction of which is 
dei)cn(lent u^wn the powers of the mind, not on those of matter. — R. E. 



I AcKERMANN & Co., 96 Strand — Producers. 

Ornamental colour box, containing 100 cakes of colours 
and requisites, enamelled in gold and colours. 

Imperial scrap books and other articles of stationery 
and ornament, mcluding envelope cases, seaweeds, pole- 
screens, &c. 

Odoriferous lighters, for conveying flame to candles, 
lamps, tapers, cigars, &c., and by an ambrosial and sani- 
tary perfume, refreshing the atmosphere. 

Specimens of water-colours on alabaster, by E. Sant, 
Paris. 

4 Hughes, Edward, Greenwich Hospital Schools — ^Designer. 
An improved map of the British islands, on a scale of 

S3(»imo ^^ ^^^ natural size, exhibiting their physical features 
and political divisions ; also their pastoral, agricultural, 
mining, and manufacturing districts and fishing stations, 
with the population, and industrial occupation of the in- 
habitants. 

Map of Palestine and adjacent countries, exhibiting their 
physical features, and illustrating the political geography 
of scripture narrative. 

5 Remnant, Edmonds, & Remnant, Lovelts Court, 

Paternoster Row — Manufacturers. 
Books bound in various styles of Morocco, Russia, calf, 
roan, sheep, and cloth, 

7 Hawthorne, James, 77 Charrington StrectfSt.Pancras — 

Manufacturer. 

An assortment of inks for writing, copying, marking 
on linen, &c., with specimens of their effect. 

Specimens oi nut-galls, broken and whole (Qnerais 
infectoria), and of the fruit of the Tenninalia CUcbula, from 
Bengal. 

8 Evans, Joseph S., 64 Berwick St., Suho — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of bookbinding m vellum, illuminated, &c. 
Bookbinding in leather stained by hand, in imitation 

of various woods, and washable. 

Improved binding for account books. 

9 FairbairNi Bobt., 37 Great CiiinbriJje St., IlacJmey Hd. 

— Manufacturer. 
Specimens of wood type for printing, &c. 

10 Fisher, Jabez Henrt, Xew North Road, Uoxton — 

Inventor. 
Specimen of a bank note for the prevention of forgery, 
piinted in a chemical water-colour, from a steel-plate 
ongravang, the process producing two colours at one opera- 
tion; the lettering in black, and the ornamental back- 
ground in a neutral tint. Any signature upon this note 
cannot be erased without changing the colo\u*. The letter- 
press on the note cannot be trajasferred or copied, and 
is printed on a prepared paper. 

II Gallard, W., 30 Lisstyn Grove — Designer. 
Portable composing frame, to provide temporary accom- 

motlation for cases at the imposing stone during cor- 
rection of proofo, or for extra cases near the compositor's 



frame for work, that has a mixture of italic or other letter 
with that of the text. 



12 Gnx, Thos. Dyke, 27 Charlotte Street, FUzroy Square 

— Inventor. 
Postage stamp expedient, for saving time, &c. 

14 BiNNS & Goodwin, Bath — Publishers. 

Natural illustrations of the British grasses; illustrated 
with sixty -two real specimens. 

17 Hider, Elizabeth, 15 Manor Place, Kw^s Road, 
Cticlsea — ^Designer and Manufacturer. 
Fancy floral paper for valentines. 



18 Dean & Son, 35 Threadwfedle Street— VvfAnosn. 
Ornamented and illustrated letter and note paper. 

19 Stidolph, — , 2 New Bond Street, Bath — Inventor. 
The chiragon, a hand guide for bl^d and tremulous 

writers. Its advantages are straightness, equidistaxice, 
simplicity, and freedom. 

20 Hughes, G. A., 9 Mount Row, Westminster Road- 

Inventor. 

Machine for enabling persons bom blind to write in 
raised characters without using types. This system is 
well adapted for writing French, as all the accents can bo 
faithfully represented. 

Machine to write with pen or pencil in skeleton Roman 
capitals, which can be r^kd by blind persons as well as 
by those gifted with sight. 

Machine to cast accounts and make general arithmetical 
calculations by tangible characters. 

Machine to copy and compose music on paper. The 
inventor is himself wholly blmd. 

Stenographical treatise. — Embossed. 

First-class book and writing lessons. — Embossed. 

Musical notation; reading alphabet, with examples. — 
Embossed. 

21 Hyde & Co., 61 Fleet Street — Manufacturers. 
Sealing-wax, in combination with Rider's new mode 

of taking impressions from stone, metal, and compodtion 
intaglios. 

Solid India sealing-wax, made hard expressly for nse 
in hot climates. 



22 Kino, Thomas &, J. H., 4 BartletVs Buildings, 
Ifolhom Hill — Designers and Manufacturera. 
Specimen of a new type-music, in which the various 
pieces are combined on an improved principle, and verr 
few kerned types are required; accurate in its composi- 
tion, and equally adapted for simple or complex mufdc. 
The same combination, with a new form of note. Series 
of chant-music. Original design of a series of lettersp 
called arabesques. 

[There are two kinds of music type in use; in one, the 
complete note is cast in one solid piece, and in the oth«r 
(the kerned description) it is made up of five 



CLAas 17.— rAI'EB, rBINTING, AND BOOKBI.NDING. 
Areas V. 27 to 20 ; G. H. I. J. 21J, 27. 



1 size, the sm&llent beiug 



2-! Kl«liT, JOH-I, in.lConiioiHAwi.?, iomftrt/i— Producor, 
S|H-cimea8 of Rplit paper, tuid itn]iroved method of 
tui'iiatint; irooduutH, fur Uhutretiiig tmokn, fmning, uid 
■ ithn-jiuqioMa, uid for their better praaerviitioii. 

]^Tbe method of splitting p&per of tlie tliiiuieitt toiture 
I^ citremel; nmple. Two piecsa of calico nre firmly 
c-eiuentwl uo the iiideB of the paper, and dried. By a 
tKDtle jiull na each aide, the p^>er splita into hnlvex, one 
i>f vhich adheree to the calico on one aide, and the other 
to ita o]>poaita— the adhesiaa between the paper and the 
talico being greater than that of the Burfacea of the paper 
tv each other. The aplit portious may tbeo be removed 
by damping, aod so looaemng the paate betvoon the 
calico and p^wr. A bank-note, although of extremely 
thin t«xtai«, cu in thia fray be aeparated into two 
balTB, on one of which remains the impression of the 
plaU, whila tha other is blank.— It. E.] 

24 Ltuattos, J. A J., 40 BrrTcr St., Golilm Spiare— 
Producers. 
SpaeimMU of bookbinding and proceaaoa connected with 
it, ^m iImIjtii \>g Luke Limaer; produced by hand. 



King William the Fourth'^ royal Bible, boimd in mo- 
rooon by tho eihibitora, from a design by Ltikw Limner. 
Of thin aplendid eiUtion, tho first proof sheet was struck 
Qfi'byhis lute MAJority. The sides are onuuntnted witb 
royal ombloius, Sk., and tho cliutpa composed of cnblus 
and anchoni, in honour of the sailor king. The back, en<1, 
and fore-edge, are shon-n in reflectors at the Exhibition, 
This Bible is represented in the accompanying Plato 44. 

tSpecimen of mending and fiic-eimile ; portions of this 
leat^having beun destroyed, the paper is joined and the 
printing restored with a, pen. Imitation of old Kponisb 
printing, done with a pen, in imitation of Faiurdo's type, 
ofl^ville, about the middle of the seventeenth century, 
being the aupprcssod " pi-ologo" to that exceedingly rare 
book, "Arte de la Pintuia por Francisco Pachoco," taken 
from Cean Bennudcs, and got up to match tbe book. 

photogmpbs, from coppor-plates ; for completing rare im- 
perfect books. 

Specimens of paper from which ink and other staitw 
have been in part extmcted. 

Specimens of Bplit pajwr, useful for removing Ictter- 
prcas from the backs of engravings and wood cuts. 

Brisht gold margiu lines, applied to picture mountiDg. 

Eight eianiplea, showing the process of binding nbook. 

Blotting-books omniuenteil with the co[iimemomtiun 
shiulduf the (iroat Exhibition, inolectrotype, by ElkingtoQ. 
This shield is sbon-n in the accompanying cut. 




540 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



[UxmED 



20 Macomie, Alexander, & Co., 6 Percy St., Bedford Sq. 

— Manufacturers. 

Specimens of pulpit, family Bible, and other binding, 
and table clock case. 

Gottfried Weber's " Theory of Musical Composition," 
2 vols., 8vo, edited by John Bishop; exhibited as a spe- 
cimen of bookbinding, and of letter-press and music print- 
ing by moveable types ; also an illustration of the several 
industrial arts employed in its production. 



27 Mansell, Joseph, 35 lied Lion Sqfjtare — ^Designer, 
Manufacturer, and Proprietor. 
Specimens of ornaments used for decorating linens, 
muKlins, damasks, brown Hollands, woollen cloths, &c. 
EmboHse<l and perforated Bristol boards for drawings, 
and ilhmiinated for show cards, &c. Paper embossed, 
and in imitation of lace, &c., and other ornamental sta- 
tionery. Envelopes and cards, embossed in silver. 



29 Martin, J. — Patentee. 

Waterproof jwipor, rendered so by a newly-invented 
kind of size. The paper manufactured by Mr. Pearson, 
Branthwaite, Cumberland. 



31 Parsons, Fletcher, & Co., 22 Bread Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Printers* inks. — Black, for wood-cuts, book- work, ne\n-8- 
papors, and posting bills. Coloured, for printing pla- 
cards, &c. 

32 Penny, H., 11 Old Bailey — Manufacturer. 
Metallic pocket-books, with pencils composed of various 

metal. The writing cannot be obliterated by the friction 
of the leaves, or by the use of India-rubber. 



33 PiNCUKS & Co., 27 Oxauhn Street — Manufticturers. 

Illuminated note paper, and envelopes of various hei-aldic 
devices. Specimens of stamping in relief on envelopes 
and paper; of stamping in surface or cameo; and of the 
registere*! purse envelope. 

W. Smith's improved stamping press. 

Me<lal dies, with the collars and tools used in the manu- 
factiu*e of medals, including a matrix and punch. 

J^utton dies, and military ornament dies. 

Viu*io»ii* impressions from dies and seals. 

Ri^;i:istei'e<l chessmen, in Jennons & Bettridge's papier 
niiiche, gold and silver. Alphabet, in papier nuich<5 and 
metal. 

34 RoYSTON & Brown, 40 oml 41 Old Broad Street — 

Manufactuitirs. 
Specimens of ledgers, journals, and cash books, in 
various bindings. A book of pi'ei)ared copying paper, 
bound in morocco, with index, and paging; made with 
lock and key, for a copying press. A book of short 
guards, made of adhesive paper, for securing the copies of 
letters, or other documents. 



35 Sapsford, Newman, 17 Kirbt/ Street, llottondarden — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen of book-binding. 



3<) Saunders, T. H., QueniMtltr, and Dartford, Kent — 

Miumfacturcr. 

Stroma parchment paper for government loans, shares 
in biuik-s. railway mines, and public com]>anies ; also 
adapted for envelopes for foreign despatches, and a 
variety of other puri>ose8. 

Bank-note papers, plain and coloured, of strong tex- 
tu!*e, with a variety of water-marks, t«^ i)revent fraud. 

Si>ecimcns of a new method of making paiwrs with 
water-marks of an elaborate ^md complicated design. 

White and coloui-ed safety paper for l>ankers* cheques, 
letters of rrodit, ^c, detecting the removal of writing by 
any oiKinical :i;^ent. 

Gliids tnuisj>iii*ency to show the water-maiks in jxiper. 



37 Saunderson, C, Kilbuni Lodge, Kilbitm, MMletex — 

Proprietop. 

Map of Ireland, engraved on copper, by John Dower, 
showing the provinces, counties, cities, county and mar- 
ket towns, with distances from Dublin, &c. With two 
illustrations from drawings made expressly for the map, 
and engraved upon steel, by J. C. Armitag<B; contained in 
a wooden map-case, carved in ivy and shamrock leaf, with 
a centre shield, by George Howton. 

The impressions from the steel plates are taken upon 
China paper and transferred to the spaces left on the map 
for their reception. 

38 ScHLESiNGEB & Co., 8 Old Jetcry — Inventors. 
Registered metallic memorandum books, with newly 

invented flexible backs, in morocco, mssia, and other 
materials, to admit many documents. Variety of port* 
folios, music-folios, wallets, and pocket-books, of the 
same construction. Patent letter-clips. Registered parallel 
rulers, by which paper is ruled either witii ink or pencil, 
in a shorter time than with common rulers. 



40 SiLVERLOCK, H., 3 Wanlrohe Terrace, Doctors* CommonM 

— Designer. 
Specimen of letter-press printing from stereotype 
plates of medallion engraving and machining, intended to 
combine the effect of copper-plate engraving with the 
cheapness and rapidity of letter-press printing. 

41 S3iITn, Jeremiah, 42 Bathbone Place — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Adhesive envelopes (requiring neither ^"ax nor wafer), 
and note and letter papers, embossed with emblazoned 
anns, crests, mottoes, initials, &c. 

DomWs patent tracing and writing cloth, for engineers, 
surveyors, architects, and others. 

Papers. 

[In the interesting collection of papers in the Exhi- 
bition, from various pa|)er-mills, there are groups whose 
degrees of excellence must be estimated by very diflferent 
standards ; as, for instance, the brown wrapping and the 
fine hand-made <lrawing papers, the sugar and the fine 
printing papers, the bibulous plate paper for engrravers' 
Uf*e, and the hai-d sized \vTituig pai>ers. Collectively it 
exhibits, at one view, the various qmdities which are 
sought for by English consumers, and which, in many 
i-e^pects, differ from those required by our Continental 
neighbours ; as an example, may be quoted the substantial 
Knglish writing papers and the thin post papers of France 
and Belgium, whose different qualities arise from the 
difference of postal regulations in those countries. 

The system of producing paper in continuous lengths 
by machinery' was first introduced by Messrs. Fourdrinier 
into this country, they haWng purchased the patent 
right of Mr. Gamble, who, in 1804, obtained permission 
fi*om the French Government to bring to England a 
model of a machine, invented in 1799, by Louis Robert, 
who was then employed in the jMper works of Essonne. 
Tliis machine of Mr. Roberts ^*a8 essentially imperfect, 
l>ut it was brought to a state of great perfection for Messrs, 
Fourdrinier, by the ingenuity of Blr. Bryan Donkin; 
upon this has been founded the varions descriptions of 
paper-making machines which have since that time been 
introduced. They consist essentially of contrivances 
by which the paper i>ulp is made to flow on the surface 
of an endless wire web ; a rapid up and down motion 
being given to it for the purpose of shaking the water out 
of the pulp, and thus producing a complete interweaving 
of the textile filaments. The continuous roll of paper 
thus fonjied is turned off upon a second solid cylinder, 
covere<l with felt, iq>on whicli it is condensed by a third, 
iuid eventually delivei'cd to drying rollers. 



8 17.— PAPEB, PRINTDra, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Abeab p. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



Sndiih filtering p^wr u made with pure mter, uid ia 
tnora trre bom iropnritr than an; other; this is, in &ct, 
(Huv oeUulow, tad fields oalj hiUf > per ceot. of uh on 
tnciiierMioii. l^d papera nre thone wiUi a ribbed aurfaca ; 
Wore pi^wn thoM with a uniform «ur£kaB. Blue pupere, 
taader the miorgacope, no laDger Bp|>eu' of unifonu tint, 
on the oonttar; the particles of culour are icon widol; 

a the pulp in ita vKrioiis Btagea of pro- 
it nuf be stated, that Dumeraua attempts hiiTe 
bam made to nnplo; other fibra, bemdes those of cotton 
and lUx, in themanuIactaTeof paper; for [oetuuce, straw, 
iMp-biDa, )^i— uu, refuM of sugar cane, wood shavings, 
Ae.; and, although p^ier has been jiroducod from these 
liMlMlsIi. je^ commercial)/, the attemple have beeo 



Satqoined an the principal dmc of writing paper i 
£ngli«b incbM, and in I'rench centimetrm, to the naarcs 
uiltiiitttn, or tenth of a 



AtU* . . 


. w xae 


086-4 X 066 


Colomlner . 


.3*4X2^ 


087-6 X 0:i9 


Impen.1 . 


. 30 xaa 


076-3 X 05i 


E3epbmt . 


. 28 X2'J 


071-1 X 0,-.8 


SupCTroyJ 


. 27 X 19 


0ti8-6 XU48 


Br.yJ . . 




061-0 X04H 


X«lium . 


. 23 Xl-J 


U,-,5-9 X 0+4 


Itonr . . 


. 20 X l.'fj 


0.-.O-B X033 


Un!«po.t. 


. 21 X 161 


OiJ-3x 043 


Rmalt i>art . 


. 19 X 151 


o*8-y X o:>y 


FwUoap . 


. Ifi-iXl^li 


Wl-9 XUM 




W 


D. I,. R. and 


SncB BaoTueas, Xem ISfH-ji Stivet, fxnidM- 


WholeMie and Kxiurt Stationers. 



l-Atsr tinm laid }iia1, Viuimis llil>.'kna;UiM. 
l.ujr yulli'W wov.- [Ait, mrioiu lhic<kni<H<uH. 
Iju-m i'lue Uiil )>Mt, Titri-iiiit Ihii'kiKwin. 
l^TitK I'Uia «->ve j»Mt. voriniui t)iii'kue.<Hi.'H. 
SiilJI (.tv-uu l.iid p'ii4. vnriiiUB thii'kuoivisi. 
Sui.ill cnniu Wivc p'vt, viirinus Iliii-kui'iuUM. 
Siuill T<-ll'jw wuvupont. v.irimis tliiclEUtiwuii. 
' " ■ w thii-kuw:«;K. 



M^h':: 



"I-" 



IS (hiuknu< 
riniu tliickuesBr 

irioiis tliickiiew 



'e bank poat, 

Siij«itiae lull imjieriiil, 

:>rij«>rfine laid royal, rn 

Sii|-«rtiuir laid ileiiiy, voriuus tliitltUCHSfs. 

.HiiiflxtiDe Lud focrfica]!, varioiiH <liii;kui!iut-'i. 

SN|icrliiM wore fuulmnip, v;iriiiu« thii-luii->iHiiii. 

■■-ii[*rfiiie JainT, variuun Diickiunwcn. 
Sujwrfiui niyal, various Ihitkiu'WKH. 

Siii^rliop ihMible demy, vnrioiw thii'kncw«<>ii. 

."'ii|'-rliii« di.iilile fiNiL«ii|i. T.iriiniii tbiikm-^iti. 

.-• ij«-r1iiw dfiiiblit tTuwn, variriiiii lbLi;k.iii.-i««-«. 

Tl.— « an- ii'«il fiiT oidiium' |irintiiitr ]-iit]>iHiw, rrumtbi- 
t:!—- .i.tlr f•>lil^ d-iwn t>i tliu dHMti-tt tnu.-t. 

Fiv !ii-l Drws, rariuiui Ihiikni-wiiw. 

KiTi>' ii.iir QEwa. vartuun lbii.'kn<--u>»s. 

n..-^ *n- .■shiWte'l of dilTuivnt nio', iu wtU m tUii'k- 
iH-*-^. f..r ntn"i«|«-r iiuri«i«'*. 

K'D-> 'i-a^f el^iliUit, i'^ inchi-a wiile, in a uliri't of ':••< 

Y -,- .l...:l.p i-l.'1'hniit, 4.1 inihra wiil.'. in .nu- »lic.-l .il 
^ '- \jf\' in 1uii;Tlh, fur]iii]icr'ptaliiiii^', dEL-ui-.ttiuiiii, and 
art.-t>'.'-il I'UrinMC^ 



Long eiophant, '23 inches wide, in sheota of 1 3 jnrda, 
for paiier.hongings, of various qualities. 

Brown papers of nu-ious sizes and thicknesses, made 
from pure rope, and especially intended for packing 
purposos. 

A sheet of brown paper, 93 inches wide, 420 feet long. 

[The introduction of machinery into the manufiteturo 
of paper alone could have produced a continuous sheet of 
the immense length and breadth dceoribed. In the 
proceeaes by which machine-paper ia made, there sppean 
no more difficulty, in consequence of the oontinulty of 
the manufacture, iu making a sheet of an indefinite length, 
than in making one of u few feet; and if a supply of pulp 
could be furnished, the machine might produce a cot)' 
tinuoua sheet sufficiently long to encircle the world.] 

Buckinghamshire and Scotch millboards, for book- 
binding, portfolios, tmys, winters, or japanned good^ 
trunks, steam-ptpe joints, boxes, oases, gun-wadding, &c 

4'2a Jotnsom, Willia», iV. Itary fVoy— Monufucturer. 
Sxtn Sapcrjine Writing Paptrt, 
Large blue wore poet, 23 lbs. per ream. 
Large blue wove post, 19 lbs. per raun. 
Large blue wove post. 17 lbs. per ream. 
Large blue laid post, 23 11m. per ream. 
Large blue laid iiost, 19 Iba. jier ream. 
Large honk post, 5^ lbs. per room. 
Large bank poat, 7 Iba. per ream. 
Large bank post, 10 lbs. per ream. 
Medium bonk post, 8 lbs. per ream. 
Loi^ cream lud pout, 19 lbs. per ream. 
Lai^ cream laid poet, S3 Iba. per ream. 
Small cream laid post, 17 ll>s. per ream. 
>SniaU creain laid piK>t, 31) IIm. per ream. 
SqulU GPunm laid pont, 34 Iba. per ream, 
Sumll cream laid post, 2.'i Iba, per ream. 
Small blue laid post, 17 llw. per ream. 
Small blue laid post, 10 Iba. per ream. 
Blueliudriolscnp, I.", llw. p^r rcim. 
Crwiiii Imd fi...lBi':ip, l.-i lbs. per ream. 



4+ TiioMJW A Sons, ■.;" e'wvi/..//— Slunufnctun 
U-rltn-m. Htbw foli.i, niid private Iwlgei-s ii 
.-.i;.,.-i.udl,in.liiig-. 



LiXllliHl dr. ■■ ■ 

nf p«,«.-r, niil ■ .; 
bo.inls, r..iii!li 'i 1 -i ■ 

caiiis. ' ' 


' ...pr-.i'nl of three shiwlH 

1 : iLiruli;. Itural druM'iu^ 

■h -iilnv. Coloiirctl crByiiii- 

■MiA Mumllt surfaco. Dirvclioi 


4li Watehluw k SoMH, 


iG /."«■("« U'lH-Monufoetun-n. 


C.nuplct.. <^t of i«TO 
Suiiieroui' lUliuloa of gi-ii 


int buokx, with [utcut backH 
i-J BtiHioncry. 



l.,.t tlirir 


-l^ 




fri.Mids «1 






4rt WciTLFr 


Jo 


S,*c]ij,, 


;.:," 


air. 


!""i'',k''i 






bWiLS i. 


■xli 


■iui 



542 



Class 17.— PArER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



[United 



49 Whitakek, Robkrt, 13 and 14 Little Britain — 

Manufacturer. 
Playing-cardB, the backs euamelled and ornamented 
in gold and colours. 

51 Whiteman, F. J., 19 Little Queen Street, Ifoibom — 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens of improved perforated plates, for marking 
linen, and other articled with indelible ink. 

Specimens of marking on satin, with permanent ink. 

The plates are engraved and prejiared by a peculiar 
process, and will not decompose any of the materials 
that may be used with them. (//» North Gallery, F. 18.) 



52 WiDSALL, George Frederick, 6 Harrow 
Road, Padiltn^jton — Inventor. 
Railway, omnibus, and toll-bar pocket-book and purse. 



53 Williams, John, 29 Bucklershury — Manufacturer. 
An assortment of ledgers. 



55 Arliss & Tucker, 15 Fnth Street, Suho — 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Exterior and interior views of the building for the Ex- 
hibition of 1851, showing the application of printing to 
tinfoil and other metallic substances. 



56 Atkinson, William, LumVs Pasaaje, Fiiish\wy 

— Manufacturer. 
Specimens of dyed and embossed calico, for bookbind- 
ing purposes. 

59 Batten, David, CInphitm Common — 

Manufacturer. 
Guard books, and specimens of bookbinding. 



GO Benner, Dr. W., B.A. Cheyne Ifonse, Cttlleyinte School, 

Chebca — Inventor. 

Complete phonological English alphabet, constructing 
self-pronouncing words \*ith the proper orthography. 

Mechanical syllabicator and model mechanical in- 
structor. 

61 BiNOLEY, Mark, 10 Lmrrence Ponntney Lane 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Patent headbands for bookbinding, made by machine, 
in lengths of several yartls. 



62 Bone, William, & Son, 7G Fleet Street— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of bookbinding in cloth ; and in cloth and 
morocco, showing the present state of the art. 



63 BoWDEN, G., 1 Little Q^ieen Street, Holbomr- 

Inventor and Manufiicturer. 
Registered artist's economical desideratum, having, 
when closed, the appearance of a small, neat, flat case, 
with a light waterproof, or fancy leather cover; but when 
opened it will be found to contain an improved seat, 
with apparatus for holding the " desideratum," and the 
necessary requisites for an artist, either in sketching, oil 
painting, or water-colour drawing. 

64 Bretnall. Thomas Davis— Manufacturer. 
Patent {taper cloth, made transparent for tracing maps, 

plans, engineering and architectural drawings, ^c. In 
rolls of 100 yards long by 4o inches ^ide, ^^ithout fold or 
joint. The same not transparent. 

The surfsice is applied to and incorporated with the 
cloth during the process of its manufacture. 



65 Cahn, David, 16 Wilson Street, Finshury — 

Manufacturer and Importer. 
Vino and ivory blacks, for c»>pper-plate, letter-press, 
and litho^ap}iic printers, dyers, jaiwnnen*, pajter-stjiinei's, 
and cuniei'H. 



66 Candt, T. H., Kin^8 College, Strand— Jnymtar and 

Proprietor. 
Map of the globe, intended to illustrate a neur method 
of terrestrial delineation. The peculiarity conasta in all 
the meridians being of the same length, and all the paral- 
lels of latitude in their true proportion. 

[The above map is drawn upon a modification of that 
which is termed the conical projection. — J. O.] 



67 Churton, Edward, 26 Holies Street — ^Designer. 

Specimens of bookbinding ; each work ornamented ac- 
cording to the era or the subject of whidi it treats. 



68 Clarke, J., 61 Frith St., Soho Square — Manufacturer. 
Various specimens of bookbinding. 

69 CnssoNS & Co., 51 BunJiiU Bow — Mannfarturers. 

Bookbinders* cloth, dyed, embossed, and finished by the 

exhibitors. 

71 Clements, J., 21 & 22 Little Pultenty Street, 

Golden Square — Inventor. 
Material for bookbinding, or other purpooea wliera plain 
or ornamental surfaces are required.. 



73 Cooke & Sons, 84 Cannon Street — Manufkofeorera. 
Coloured, embossed, and transparent sealing-was, with 

impressions. 

74 Cruchlet, George F., 81 Fleet Street — ^Dengnar. 

A large map of England and Walesi coosiating of 65 
sheets, each 24 by 19 inches, at two miles to the indi 
^half the scale of tne ordinary maps). 

Maps of Europe and the world. 

Map of London and environs, which illustraftea to tlia 
extent of six miles round St. Paul's. 



76 Be la Rue, Thomas, & Co., 110 BtmhiU J?ok> — 
Manufiu^turers and Proprieton. 
Envelope -folding machine, inventeid by Edwin Hill 
Warren De la Rue. 

[The following is the action of this machine. The 
feeding-boy places the previously cut blank enrelopeB 
on to a small platform, which rises and falls in the 
rectangular recess fonncd by the C}-lindrioal azea of 
the folders (shown open in the engraving) ; the bear- 
ings of the foldera serving by their elongation to guide 
the envelope into its place at the moment of the small 
Ijlatfttrui falling. A plunger now descends and croases 
the envelope by carrying it between the folder-axea, 
at the same time turning the flai)s upwards in a 
vertical direction: the plunger, which descended as a 
whole, now di\'ides into two parts, the ends rising and 
the sides remaining down to hold the envelope until the 
end -folders have operated; these latter turn over the 
flaps, the one on the right of the feeding-lad taking a 
slight precedence, and being closely followed by the 
gumming apparatus, which takes gum from an endless 
blanket working in a trough, and after applying it to the 
two end flaps, retires, at the same time the remuning 
half of the plunger moves upwards, to allow of the side 
folders turning over the remaining two fli^is, the folder 
nearest the feeder taking precedence. During these 
operations, the end-folders have remained at rest, and the 
whole four open simultaneously. The taking-off appa- 
ratus, with its Angers tipped with vulcanised caoutchouc, 
now moves forward over the folded envelope, whicli ia 
lifted upwanls by the rise of the snudl platform and re- 
treats with it, placing each envelope, as it is successively 
folded, under those which have preceded it. The enve- 
lo|»o.^ arc now knocked over on to an endless blanket, and 



Class 17.— PAPER, PKINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Amas p. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



■re conducted by it betwaeu two cjlinden for a fiiuJ 
•qiweaa. and then riwi in a pile up the trough, leeri 
■IjuAit the riglit arm of an attendant, who ia repnaented 
in the cngnTing ■• fetching *wa; the folded work. 
Thnv ia a proviiion in the mactuiM by which the gummer 
ia prercnted placing gum upon the platform, in caa 
faader ODiita fnding in an envelope. Thia machine worlu 
at the rate of 2,700 flnvelope* per hour, and although 
■aperaading hand-labour in iblding, it ia aatiafacto 
find that, initaad of displacing hands, ite introduc 
hy extending the oonaamption, haa, in reality, created 
waA for mot« Utan it hai diaplaced. 



I and entertaining 




Hill lad Lie It Ruc'a En\f]opt I''ultliiig-aiKU». 



.llihiucli the twhion of luiiig euvelupee was common 
la FrUK-e. and had Ixwn, to a iiuiall (iitent, iutroducud 
iiw Englanl prior to 1(W9, yet their eounumption waa 
Vy, iii'iiTuhcant to call forth luiy but the rudest nie- 
<lun:nl aiipliance". It 'ia t-i the •timulus created by 
the ad.jpti..n in. IS W, of Mr. Rnwianil Hiir« eyetem of 
pjMMf ref'imi. anil the conne-jucnt iucrensad demand fur 
eST-; .pu*. that their manufaitiire owca ita rank aiuongat 
Xt» aru. and ita poMeaAtna ofaoine uf thu moat ingcnioux 
Ck-L^nerr recently inTentfil. 

The V*ai annual niiinl*r of letlJ-ra piiBiiing thmiinh the 
Pj^'-An in the I'liiti^l Kingdom ln-fure the ehiuigo io 
th* r"*t"?e WM almiit Trt.'KK'.i-rti'. Tliu fourpeniiy-ratu, 
an>l rl>F 8lt««li->a in the xyKtetii of chat^ by nuiiibur of 
f oil'Mjmi Ut that by wei):ht, ffna introduiwd on thu :jth 
:i lv.vruUT, IK'IS. aifl on thu I'tli of Januaiy, IMID, 
•Jk FVjt wan raduceil to one [lenny: iliiring that year the 
n>iml«T of IrttCTn incrcaiuil to Irta.wiM'.iXnj, about half of 
ml.i< h were encto«e<l in envelo|HM. Thu numl>er<>f letters 
L*a been at«.lily inenaniiig -iuce tliat jieriod, and during 
"t roachtil the aatoni^hing minilHT of 



II i«r ■ 






lir.Ti.irt 



.r-^'r- cncluwd iu euvelnpw huH likt 
•lu i^f to five.«iith- <<f the total quiiittt)', lui tliat in 
r.-ifcl Dumben :l..>ii."i "!,'«■"» ..f Biivelnpea paaa aauuaJly 
Wj- -ich the P.Mt-oHie.?; Iit«idee which there ia nairly 
ar. Ki'ial number UMd in |iriT«t« conveyance. What 
d'-« ili> milli'in of envelopes contain f Their eipo- 



sition would fiimiah on instructive 

Id illustration of the articles lometimes sent by post, 
it may be dted, that some yeara back Profeaaor Henalow 
was in the babit of receiving, from membeia of an agri- 
cultural society which he had established, Bpedmens of 
living slugi of toHoui kinds, sent for examination, with 
a view to his advice for their extermination. Were 
it not for the cheap postage many of the publiahing 
societies now in existence would not have been eatebltshed, 
on account of the eipenae of oollecting manuscripta, 
transmitting proofs, and circulating books. But it ia not 
only in this way that the postal refona ha* extended its 
benefits, for with the reduction of rates a liberal poUoy 
haa increased the faciUUea of deliveiy by the estahliah- 
ment since 1839 of 4,600 new post-offlcM, which an 
estimated aa serving about 14,000 village*. 

Returning to the manubcture of envelopes, we find 
but little progress until March 1B45, when Ur. Edwin 
Hill and Mr. Warren De la Rue took out a patent for 
cutting and folding machinery. Until this period, enve- 
lopes hod been folded by hand, by means of a bone 
"folding-stick," an experienced workwoman folding about 
3,000 per day.] 

Papers ornamented in the water-mark. 
Arliclrt of StattoTury. 

Plain envelopea, folded by machinery. 

Envelopes, with seal Sapa, embossed, plain, and In 

Envelopes, goffered, lace-perforated, and embossed. 

Embossed and lace letter papers. 

Specimens of writing papets, highly glaced, and in fancy 

Siwcimens of writing papen, highly glazed, goffered, 
and in fancy packets. 
Packets of envelopes, in boxes, 
Note and letter puper, in boxen. 
PapotiercB — euvolopes and not« paj-ors, in fancy wrap- 

1*H. 

with caout. 
chouc. 

Cards for weddings, envelopes and " At homo" notos, 
a'afura and tivi, silvercdgeil. printed iu silver, plaiu oui- 
bo<>«cd, anil eiiiboMcd in "ilvur. 

CnniK, euvel'ipus, oud letter and note papers, plain and 
oniboiiiiBcl, for uioiiniinz, 

Surface -coloured i 
hanil and by raoi-hinery, patented by W 

(ieliitinu pa]iei'H. Kmboued )ia|ien. 

I'upera printed in coluiin', gold and silve 



nd metul 

papern, the changing colours of iiliieh lU^ 
athiu film of coUiiirloM varnish, [■aleut«d by 
Tbonuis Do la Hue. 

NethuRi-Djiliic iin]ivrs, or papci^s priut^Kl from nire-clotb, 

itciited by Tliouias De hi liuu. 

Plain gold and silver |iu|>ers. 

Ktiibcmncd gold iinil silver i>apcrs, 

tiold borders, for box moJieni. 

I'.istfhoar-b, Cnr<b, ic. 

Flaying card*, with plain and ornamental 1>ackii, coni- 
priiunK n viuiety of floral mid fhiit designs, some printed 
'n oii;iit cid.iun, patented by Tlioinas lie la Rue. 

SIcHHJigocanls, pliuu, white, tintinl, goffered, enamelleil, 
.nd iridiwent. 

DrnwinK-l'iu'rlK, plain and vmbowe<1. 

Mouiiliug-bounlH, tinted and \i\aa\. 



T. Do 111 Ruo and Co.'s catalogue, 
riuted in gold iind coloum, and em 



lOtlv,. 



544 



Clam 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Akeab F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



TUkited 



Box-tops, printed in gold and coloura, and embossed. 
Bands for piece goodn, printed in gold and colours, and 
•mboBsed. Book-covers. 

Ball-tickets, admission tickets, and ]>rognunmes. 
Printing inks. 

Bookbinding. 

All the designs are produced by the combination of four 
himdred new tools, cut from designs by Mr. Owen Jones. 

Albums, bound in wood, leather, and velvet. 

Scrap-boolu. Portfolios. Music books. Manuscript 
books. 

Memorandum books. Indelible diaries. 

Pocket ledgers, and account books. 

Solid sketch-books and drawing-blocks. Drawing books. 

Writing-desks, cabinets, and envelope-cases, in wood, 
leather, and velvet. 

Pocket-books, wallets, and card-cases, in leather and 
velvet. Sermon, tourist, and note-cases. 

Despatch-boxes. Playing-card boxes. Pocket chess- 
boards. 

Blotting-cases, in wood, leather, and velvet. 

" MacCabes," or pamphlet, letter, or musio-holders. 

77 Armstrong, John, 11 Gnhit CoUctje Street North, 

Camden 7W/i. — Sculptor. 
An illustrated music sheet, containing two sots of 
quadrilles. No. 1. "Quadrilles Antique." No. 2. 
" Quadrilles of All Nations." Arranged by Philip Klitz, 
engraved by the exhibitor. Published by John Klitz, 
No. 198 Tottenham Court Road. 



78 Caslon k Co., Chisvrell Street — Producei-s. 

Specimens of caligrapldc type, engraved and produced 
under the superintendence of Mr. £. Boileau. Printed 
specimen. The caligraphic types in chase. 

Specimens of improved coloured printing inks, manu- 
factured so as to be readily mixed with the varmsh when 
wanted. By an improved process these colours, after 
having been deprived of all extraneous substances, are 
reduced to the finest powder, requiring only the use of a 
palette knife to mix them to the consistency of ordinary 
printing ink, thus effecting a great saving, and facilitating 
the labour of the ornamental printer. 

79 DoBBS, Ktod, k Co., i;U /'AW Street— Bcm^erB 

and Mimufacturera. 
Embossed drawing-boards, cards, and paper ; enchased or 
lace-bordered cards and p^>er; also, embossed tableaux, 
exhibiting the application of embossing to the fine arts. 



80 SroKia, Robert, Ivy Cottitge, A7/if/«/<in</— Inventor. 

Throe bottles of chemical ink. This ink may be em- 
ployed on writing paper or parchment baimeanxl with 
grease. It is intended to be ser\-iccable to butchers, 
bakers, oilmen, conveyancers, and solicitors. 

83 HsrwooD, John, 170 Deansgaie, Manchester 

— Manufacturer. 
Foolscap quarto copy-books, with printed headings. 
Post quarto copy-books, in two qualities of paper. 

84 Hasier, Alfred, I/orsutrth, tietir Leeds — 

Monufibctiu^r. 
Cloth papers for pressing and finishing woollen cloths. 
Press i>a{>ers for stuff goods, both rolled and glazed. 
Glazed papers used for cotton goods. Gun wadding of a 
new descnption. 

85 Hastings & Mellor, Leah — Manufacturers. 
Press papers, for pressing woollen cloths. Brown papers, 

glazed and unglazod, for wrapping up woollen auu other 
manufactured articles. 



86 Knioht, J. Y., 39 BrPffjate, //««i!^— Manufacturer, 
ledgers, royal folio pajicr, ten quin*s, white vellum, mo- 
rocco bonds; smaller account -books, in common binding. 
Those books, when open, present a perfectly flat surfiico. 



87 Bagster, Samuel, & Sons, 15 Paternoster Row — 

Producers. 

Polyglot bible, printed in sepamta pocket rolomea, 
which correspond, page for page, with eaich other; so that 
a convenient polyglot Bible of two, throe, foiv, or mofre 
languages mav, at pleasuro, be formed by pladng the 
required number of volumes before the reader. 

Other s|)ecimens of typography and binding. 

88 Cross, Qeoboe, 2 New Coventry Street — larmitor 

and Manufacturer. 
Print collector's improved scrap-book, without guards, 
by which prints, drawings, &c., may be put doee up to 
the back, and withdrawn without injuring their edges. 

89 Riviere, Robert, 28 Great Qneen Street, 

lAncntlns Inn Fiettis — ^Designer. 

Specimens of bookbinding, viz. : — 

Spenser^s works, folio, morocco, tooled with a double 
interlaced monogram (R. Riviero) ; the inside covers 
tooled with cipher £. S. 

Virgilii Opera, roval 8vo, inlaid with variegated leather 
on white morocco; inside coven tooled in foliated curves. 

Common Praver, folio, in antique morocco. 

Chronicles of England, 4to, tree-marbled calf. 

[Inlaid or mosaic binding is produced by sticking 
varioiu coloured lesthers, silk, velvet, or paper on the 
cover, and finishing the joints by Riding. 

Tree-marbling is the mottling or marbling caused by 
pouring a solution of green copperas (proloeulphate c^ 
iron), on the cover, and causing it to flow somewhat in the 
form of a tree.— W. D. L. R,] 

90 Ferguson Brothsrs, EduAwrgh — Manufacturara. 

Specimens of printing type — ^nonpareO, minion, brerierf 
bourgeois, long primer, and small pica. 

91 Neil, Robert, 13 North Bank Street, Edinburyk-^ 

Designer and Manufacturer. 

Specimens of bookbinding, viz. : — 

An imperial quarto Bible, morocco super extra, moroeoo 
iii.sides, with satin fly-leaves. The outside of the boarde 
and back is a HT>ecimon of hand-tooling, illuminated; and 
the inside of the boards the same, not illuminated ; in 
the interior of the oval on each side of the shield^ on 
white morocco, is a fjimily register; and on the satin fly- 
leax'es, is another specimen of blocking; or the edges, ars 
the etchings of three churches — ^top, St. John's, Edin- 
burgh; bottom, St.]Giles',Edinbuiigh; front, St. MungoTs^ 
Glasgow. 

A morocco case for the Bible, so designed that the 
Bible may be fully seen, without handling or ramoving ifc 
from the cushion at the bottom of the case 



92 Sinclair, Dtncan, & Son, White/ord Hmge, 
Kiiinhirtjh — Designers and ManufkcturerR. 

Small founts of music type of difierent sise and bodr. 
Cases containing the numerous characters — about 300 u 
each fount — ^with a plan showing the position and numbsr 
of each separate character, for the setting up of any piece 
of music, nowever difiicult. 

Si>ecimen-pages of each of the above music founts^ 
printed from type and stereotype plates. Books oootain- 
ing specimens of all the book and newspaper letter fountiL 
S]KH;imen-sheet8 of uniform founts of book and : 
letter. 



93 Waterston, George, ICdinhnnjh — Manuftwtui 
Specimens of sealing wax and wafers of various coloun 

and qualities. 

94 Mackenbte, W., Ltmdim Street, Olangovp — ^Inventor. 
A. volume printed in church text, illuminated with red 

capitals; the types of each sheet were oompoeed only 
once, and both colours were printed from the some fonn 
without lifting, a method which secures perfect rs^isiert 
without incurring the expense of oompoaing, as in the 
usual way, separate forms for each colour/Several spe* 



KiSQDOM.J 



CLAB8 17.-.PAPER, PEINTINO, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Abbab F. 27 to 29 ; O. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



545 



(h pWM of this mode of printiiig, showing its general 

96 Basckm Bbothsm, Weirhome Mill, Chesham— 

ICanu&ctnrers, 
PiBfceot writing-pspers, embellished with ornamental 
desgns, and anthantioi^ed by autograph signatures in 
the water-mark. 

[The waiar-mark on paper was, until within a very 
aboit period, eooiined to the ribbing of laid-papers, or the 
disfeiaetiTe markof the paper-maker. Recently, ornamental 
ilBsi|TM hare been produced, by means of wires sewn on the 
KaDd-mould or the dandy-roller of the paper machine, of 
which spedmens are exhibited. This improvement was 
mtroduoed by the Messrs . Busbridge. The process consists 
B fonning the required design in brass plates, which are 
on the mould or dandy-roller.] 



97 BdHMDi, EBBNBSca, Cambridge — ^Designer and 

Manufacturer. 

^p***-***** of bookbinding: — Album, inlaid in colours, 
with interlacing band pattern, edged with body colours, 
imnde jofBts aid vellums inlaid, ^t, and pamted; the 
IsBTes gik, aihpered, and painted with brilliant colours. 

BSbAm in purple morocco, with gilt cover and joints. 

98 WnriLET & Sons, ^Sfam/otu/— Producers. 
Specimsos of press boards. 

100 Bmrrm, Edwabo, FeUing Shore, Qateahead— 

Producer. 
Glaaed brown paper, manufactured bv Messrs. Thomas 
GaUoD ft 0>., paper brokers. Felling Shore. Qlazed by 
SB uupsoved process. 

101 Com MM, AiKXAXDBR, & SoNS, Valley-field Mills, 

mear £dmburgh, arid 45 Upper Thames Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Specsmeiis of paper. Large cream laid, laige blue laid, 
thick cream laid, and thick blue laid, post folio, note 
^ih\ letter papers. Blue wove and laid bank post for 
ftjrtuea oorretfpondence, &o. Blue laid medium and demy 
f.>r 4COi>unt boolu. Bank note ]»aper. Envelopes in 
UHcketJk, Fict^>nal note paperei, ^^nth viewtj in oil colours. 
Fine (thntiug demy. Account bookri, various. 

li»2 WiLDD«, William, SiuxJlnnd, Ruchestcr — Designer. 

and Manufacturer. 
Sf *«cimeTiB of writing paper ornamented by wreaths of 
floweni in the water-mark. — Kegintered dei»ign. 

!•• t WiiiDfAN, He!crt Richard, 9 Trinity St., Cunihriihje 

— Manufacturer. 
TL* Kin^'fl Bible, in two volumes, printed at the Pitt 
I, C^unbridge, bound in royal scarlet morocco, tooled, 
vitb iiiuminated vellum fly-leaves, tooled e<1ge6, &c. 

!'»•; Cr!«DALL & Addet, 21 OW Z/<mc/ .SYrocf— Publishers. 

Sjif^tuen* of brv)kbinding : — 

Ixi i^'Id papvT, tlie ornamental design being printed on 
H iti c«<lnure, by means of wtxKlen blocks. 

iTi in'iT*Kct}. c^jveretl with an elaborate design in pierco<l 
Cvftal. enamelled, fdlt, and chafed. The metal- work by 
Th'-'iuMA Burtt and S<^ins. 

In • iraamental cloth ; in morocco, inlaid with a pierced 
IT rr tablet. 

In aiomcco, in a style suitable for ccclesLirttical l>ooks; 
eX"*- «tcd by Jan\*» Hayday. 

li TU'*r*icv*t, using a decomteil china tablet ft^r the side 
f'f ih»- b»>ok, with jrilt bo-HfH fur its j)r»>tection. The 
t*blM manufactured by W. T. Co]>e1an(l, at Stoke-upon- 
Trrikt. 

lf»7 KlflOHTft Hawkes, StaiJiofc F'Ptntlnj, l.T ClcrheivrcU 

t ■^,v — Manufacturers. 
St^rpirttTpe ranti fr»»m printing type, of the various 
•.itr% sjA chanctcra; in English, Gorman, Irish, S\Tiac, 



Hindostanee, Chaldee, Persian, &c., together with the 
type and the moulds. 

Stereotype casts from engravings in wood, steel, &c. 

Specimens of stereotype plates for surface printing in 
colours. 

Stereotype plates for embossing. 



108 Hock Brothers & Patne, 11 WaXbrook^ 

Manufacturers. 

Account books with metallic bands ; fancy note and 
other papers; blotting pads; sketch books; publication 
folios; and memorandum books with new elastic bands for 
clasps. 

Albums and scrap-books, three of the latter contain- 
ing nearly 2,000 riews in Elngland: produced by the exhi- 
bitors. 

109 Orr, W. S. & Co., Amen Corrurr— Producers. 
Various works in plain and ornamental binding, includ- 

ing russia, morocco, calf, antique calf, and cloth. 

Series of maps, illustrating the physical features and 
phenomena of the globe. 

110 Pbckerd, John Parsons — Designer. 
Original design in penmanship, showing the effect pro- 
duced by Tate's exchequer ink. 

111 Westleys & Co., Friar Street, Doctors* Commom — 

Manufacturers. 
Various specimens of bookbinding, in plain and orna- 
mental styles; several gilt, with appropriate and emblem- 
atical tooling ; including the Holy Bible, royal folio, 
Oxford, bound in purple morocco, with enchased clasps, 
comers, and centres; and painted edges, in gold and 
colours, with appropriate Scripture texts from the Old and 
New Testament. 

113 Evans, Edwin, Yorkshire Street, Oldham — Designer. 
Specimen of typography. 

117 Macnair, William, Glasgow — Producer. 
Specimens of bookbinding: Imperial quarto volume, 

bound in morocco, super-extra, modem style; Encyclo- 
jiscdia of the Fine Arts, demy (juarto, bound in calf, 
Hui)er-extra, an tit [ue style; Milton's Paradise Lost, impe- 
rial octavo, morocco, sui)er-extni, antique style; Gallery 
of Nature and Art, royal octavo, calf, super-extra, modem 
style. 

118 Stirling, W., Kentmu-e House, Glasgow — Proprietor. 
A copy of the Bible printed by Her M^jesty^s printer 

in Scotland in 1«11 : only loo copies of this edition were 
printed on large jvaper; it is bound in white morocco, 
and gilt, as a 8j)ecimen of bookbinding in Glasgow. 

119 Todd, John, Perth — Manufacturer. 
Writing inks and ink jKiwdern, known as the " Perth 

writing inks," made up in different sizes of bottles or 
packages. One is a wubonaceous ink, said to be inde- 
structible by the action of air or light, or any knowu 
chemical agent. 

120 Parker, J. H., Ox/ortZ—Proprietor. 
Illustrated books. 



121 Plowman, J., St. Aid.ite$ Street, Ox/trt/— Inventor 

and Manufjicturer. 
Portable copying letter -caxo, for tuking copies of letters, 
docuinents, &c., written in ink. by the mere i>reMsure of 
the hand. The ]>r<>cess is Hiiiii>le and exi>editiouH. 

123 Cocks, KonF.nT, & Co.. Xev Hurlingtou Strict — 

i'art Manufacturers. 
Dr. B<»yce*s collection of Cathedral Music, edited by 
Joseph Warren, in 3 vols., lai*ge folio; containing the 
ser>-ices and antht^ins of the great English Church c<^m- 
posers from the periwl of the Kvforaiution, viz., Thoniaji 
Tallis, Uichanl Fammt Ryrd, Ikvan. John Hull, M«»iKy, 
Drs. Christoi.luT Tye, Mirchild, Hinrj- AMrith, Hobert 
Creygbton, and Benjamin Kogors : alno by Orlainb* (Jih- 



54G 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



[UnnED 



bona, Thomas TomkiDS, John Parsons, William Munday, 
William Lawes, Henry Pnrcell, Pelham Humphrey, Jere- 
miah Clark, Dr. John Blow, Matthew Locke, Gk>ldwin, 
Weldon, Michael Wise, Dr. Turner, and Dr. William 
Croft, with memoirs of the composers, and a portrait of 
Dr. Boyce. Exhibited as a specimen of the art of en- 
graving and stamping musical notes on plates of pewter — 
also of music, printing, and bookbinding. This work is 
printed from more than 1,200 plates. 

[William Boyce, Mus. Doc, was bom in 1710. He was 
organist to several churches successively; and finally, on 
the death of Dr. Greene, 1775, of the Chapel Royal. 
This great work was the projection and partly the execu- 
tion of his predecessor (Dr. G.) Boyce died in 1779, and 
was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral.— H. E. D.] 

124 FiGGiNS, Vincent & Jambb, 17 & 18 Wtst Street, 
Smithfeld — Designers and Manufacturers. 

Specimens of type— some of the omamontal letters 
being of French and German design. 

Raw materials of type metal — ^lead, tin, and antimony. 
Type metal of different qualities. 

Type mould and matrix. Type mould taken to pieces. 
Two wood-cuts ; metal matrices made from them; casts 
from the matrices. 

Electrotype copper matrices from casts, illustrative of 
the process of polytyping wood-cuts. 

Form, super royal, containing upwards of 220,000 
pieces of pearl type, weighing 10 stone, held in 8URi>ension 
by lateral pressure, technically called ** locking up." 

127 NovELLO, J. Alfred, 69 Dean St., Soho, §• 24 Po^dtry 

— Producer. 
Specimens of music tyi)e, and a sketch of the method 
of printing music from moveable types, showing all the 
various pieces, their shapes, and the cases in which they 
are arranged before the compositor. 

128 Manchin & MoBEL, 8 Wilson Street^ Graifs Inn Road 

— ^Manufacturers. 
A wood-cut, stereotype plates, and engravings. 

[The bituminous stereotype plates are for printing pur- 
poses; and though new in this country, have been exten- 
sively used in France for the last two or three years; their 
advantage over the metal plates consists in their hanlness, 
which renders them more lasting, and in the fineness of 
their impressions, which is stated to be equal to those of 
the wood-cut] 

134 Clark, W., Dunfermline, Scotland — ^Designer. 

Specimens of bookbinding, viz : — 

Bible, 8vo, full-bound in maroon Turkey morocco, gilt 
edges, hand-tooled in gold on bock and sides, with satin 
linings. 

[Hand-tooled designs are usually employed in the 
higher class of bindings, and are formed by the com- 
bination of a number of separate tools arranged according 
to the taste of the workman. — W. D. L. R.] 

Chalmers* History of Dunfermline, 8vo, full -bound in 
red Turkey morocco, hand-tooled in gold and silver on 
back and sides, and with silver and satin linings. 

Wylie's Scenes from the Bible, 8vo, full-bound in 
scarlet calf, fancy bronzed paper linings, gilt edges, hand- 
tooled back and sides, with gold and silver. 

Cheeyer's Winding of the Water of Life, 8vo, full- 
bound in green calf, fancy bronzed pai>er linings, gilt 
edges, hand -tooled back and sides, with gold and silver. 

[Bookbinders, previous to gilding, prepare the leather 
with white of egg, or glair, as it is technically called, and, 
after it has dried, apply the gold or silver leaf with 
heated tools of the required design. The glair softens 
and attaches itself to the gold, which is readily removed 
from those parts not so impressed. — W. D. L. R.] 

The Groat Teacher, by Dr. Harris, post Sto, half-boimd 



in ^en morocco, scarlet cloth sides, fiuocy bronaed papor 
limngs, gilt edge, hand-tooled, gilt on back, tha siuw 
wrought with gold and silver. 

135 Clark & Davidson, Mavchlme, Sooiland — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of bookbinding in wood. Sec., Tis. : — 

Pictorial Bible, bound m wood boardsy ornamented 
with arabesques. 

Songs of Scotland, bound in wood boarde, in imitetkni of 
tartan, with view of Banks of Doon, in ornamental d^ald. 

Portfolios, with wood boards, in imitation of tertan, and 
views; Balmoral Castle, in ornamental shields; Holjrood 
Palace, in ornamental shield ; Andemach on the Rhine^ &e. 

Scotch snuff-box, and Scotch fSuicy wood-work. 

Note-books. Metallic books, with arabesques. Orna- 
mented wood flower-vases. Enamelled wood egg-ci^ 
stand. Portable work-box. Thread-reel boxes. CiraelMi* 
boxes and cases. Needle-books, boxes, and caeea. Snuff- 
boxes of femcy wood. Match-boxes. Toilette-bottla 
cases. Razor-cases and strops. Spectade-caaea and slips. 
Paper-folders and book-miarks. Pomatum and soenft 
boxes; and scissor-cases. All with imitation of tartan. 

136 Bradbttrt & Evans, WhUefrian — ^Produoan. 
Specimen of letter-press and wood-cut printing. 

137 DuDMAN, James, Cambervcell Place, New Boad— 

Inventor. 
Specimens of three sorts of self-sealing envelopes : — 
First — A metallic capsule attached to the envelope, eon- 
taining cement, which, by the pressure of the thumb, 
spreads and seals. Second — Adhesive cement attarhed to 
the envelopes, in the sealing position, with a fuece of 
metallic foil between the cemented surfiMses, on removing 
which, by pressure, the envelope is sealed. Third — ^The 
same in principle as the last, without the interpoaing foil, 
a portion of the envelope being turned between tha 
cemented surfaces: this requires warmth, aa the CTmtmt 
is harder than in the preceding. 

130 Wright, J., 14 ft 15 Noel Street, iSbAo— Pkt>ducen. 
Various specimens of bookbinding, including the illu- 
minated books of the middle ages, by H. Noel Hum- 
phrey and Owen Jones. Imperial folio, bound in brown 
morocco ; the boards cut and blued; tooled in the antique 
style, the e<lge8 gilt and tooled, and many oU&er chnee 
workjB^ in varied and appropriate ornamental stylea. 

140 PiCKERiNo, WiLLiAX, 177 PiccodUlif — PkXMlucer. 
Sijecimens of printing, viz. : — 

1. The Victoria Book of Common Prayer, carefully eol- 
lated, and adapted to the present reign; printed m laifa 
old English type, by Mr. Whittingham, with 
initial letters, and the rubricks in red. 

2. King Edward Vlth's Book of Common Player, 
musical notes by John Merbecke, 1550. 

3. Euclid, the first six books, with coloured diagxama and 
symbols, useil instead of letters, for facilitating a know- 
ledge of Euclid. This work is a specimen of letter-pteai 
printing in colours, not hitherto used. 

4. The Princess Elizabeth, Francis I., and an enamel* 
being specimens of the dresses, decorations, miisil oraa- 
ment, and decorative art of the middle ages, by Henrj 
Shaw, F.S.A. 

141 Ellis, Hercules, Ifard'Hck Street, Dub/iia— 

Pi*oducer. 
Specimens of poetiy published by J. Smith, 49 
Acre. 



142 Ralph, Frederick W., 3(> Throgmortm Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Registered polychrest envelopes, made in three 
and self -sealing; invented to oombine in one the note 
and enveloi>e, so that the contents are always identified 
with the address and postmark; important in evidence; 
and for correspondence and business puipoaes, economioal 
in reganl to expense and time. When used as enrelopei 
only, they are more secure for patterns and eneloauna 
than those in common uae. 



Class 17.— PAPEB, PRI^'TINa, AND BOOKBINDINO. 
AHKA8 F. 27 TO 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



143 DrwDNFl, JoHK, CW7<im;iioii — Maoufitcturer. 



144 Btam, Euxa, Baxaar, So^a Sjuart — Producer. 
Compoand itationery cua ; travelling, writing, workJDg, 
^ aodn&Nluiuat oua; LLdjr's CBiriago cumpuiioD, 



V from copper rollen by nukchinery. 



lN«lh of 



it copper plate*. 

, » nieoe ot old round rope, and piece or 

of old BMt oo«l-pdt rope, the nuteria] from which 



[n* pafMrmaDiifiwturad for the purpose of the potter 
«M made of liaen ragi, but it u now almoiit always made 
trom cordage, and is nmuiBd. The reaaoD of this is, that 
bng printed on with ink, of the colour required on the 
wan, and of mch a nature as to fix firmly, it is rubbed 
tfna the "hiacuit" with a roll of Bannel, aud being 
plaued aaida for a short period, it ia plunged into water, 
aod the bibnlouB pi^ier lemoTed with u cponge, leaiiug the 
nD{«cBaaa on the piece of potteiy. — R. U.] 

148 KbvbOT, J. ft R., Zand 3 Hemlock Sb-at, 
Cirt-i ar«/— MftnufacturerB. 
Gold and ootomed pqien for bookbiuding, ha. 






n of the tnatsrial used in ita t 
yiiainljijii for the manufacture of paper. 

[Among tbo ipesnienit, which are very nuroerouB, and 
contain patterns of all the papera in ordinary uec, are 
■fifTSl lieKrijitiuUd n^iuiif;u.'turi.-d f<ic tbe iK^uatiou, of a 
»erj ■.u]*rwrtbar»ctBr, and iMu-^HginK imptiJvedqualLliBe.] 

l.'i") MiU.13 & KirHARD, Kdinh"riifi — Founder-. 

A iTciuien of the «[n.iUe>it ty|i«i ever luaniifacturcd in 
Iki' ■.'•hbTi'. cut anil ciiit ex|iruwily for the (irtiiit V.\ 
ki(-i'i'<n. the whole of (Iray'n "' Elewj-," cnnni^tiuB of 
thirty-two Mtnat, U cunt:unHt lu twg culumUH, :lf iiichcut 



IJI 



Acn-lic, WiLLiAX, 5 Fw 

JbmnfiKitunv 
Fini7 luriw, lie. 



■>ri In- ruc. 



Fjucj ftatiirnery. 

nirJu-^Irr— 
lunnufactured 

r--'-- .^_^____ 

l.M Srrn<iT.H* nf ItuiK-i iitnl TB*rt» of Hie HklI- 
<ii'«-« Ta.MT SuriKTV, iii»litiite«l ITUH. I^.'i-witi.iiv-, 
-V. r»'«Ti.-rter B..W. •::, St. I'iiuIb llhiiraliynrrl, anil 
1--4 l^iywlillT. TreamiiBr, .["bn Ihimt^ Himm, Kaq.; 
H ™"»f7 S^^retariCT. R^v. W. W. L'bimiim.w. M..*., 
uiil Vi-\. KliniHnir Henilunun, U.Ll. L»mii[iouiling 
M<-cntaJ7, Mr. Juiiw. 

Til- Aiiirtj m*i fi.mii-d to prnmiito the circiilation 'if 
wh^.-^> t.-.k' and tr.'alun' in foreign coiuitri.i, hi wull 
■• iLri^oiit th* Hrilb-li iliiiiunioa.-. II cnUHlituli-n a 
Chr^i^an iini-n ••( tiK-uilam of thi- Ivtnbli.'hed (Thurtli 
ai^l ' t IViih-lAnI dim-iilt-rT. It linn in-iiitv'l iiiitvrtimt 
•ra.-i> an-l l.-.k» in alwnt lin Inniriinte-; iN onniiiil 
cirfUSiti, « frani l]>E DFjiiiiitorj in Loliilcn. and from 



varioue foreign auiilisries. amounts to about 24,000,000; 
its receipts, for sales and benevolent objects, to mors 
than G^,000i. ; aud its total distribution to Uarch, 1851, 
iDcludiog the isouea of its affilUtod societies, to about 
o19,<XK1,dOO of copies of its publications. There are now 
about 'l,"^.' Engiiidi publications, besides several hundred 
in foreign lauguages, on ita catalogue. These works are 
Tnrisd in eise and contents, and suited to diSereot clasiwa 
of the community. Several books aud tracts Bpeciallr 
detiigned to improve and commemonite the Great Kihi- 
bition have been itmued in English, French, Qennan, and 
Italian. By a carefully amuiged system in the concema 
of the Depository, the sole of the publications ia made to 
cover all the expeoses of producing them, and of the 
necessary establiiibraent of the Society. Thus the whole 
i! the subscriptiooa, donations, anii oontributiona is 
applied to the gratuitous circulation of Its publications, 
without any deduction or choive whatever. In aid of 
home and foreign benevolent objects, the Society receivea 
about G,5G0;. per annum, while its grants during the 
post year were U.aGOI., being L!,OilOf. beyond the receipt*. 
The Committee hsTe supplied 3,i'^8 libraries, at half- 
price, to National, Brittsh, Parochial, Day, and Sunday 
Schools, which were unable to pay the full amount. 
The total grants of libraries, for various interesting 

The Society has translated^ printed, and circulated 
worka in the following languages^ — 

ir«»rr™ £i.™)«. — English, Welsh, Gaelic, Irish in 
native characters, Irish in Itamon characters, Mimks, 
French, Bretna, Spanish, Portuguese. 

^l'orrlllVll f:-w>iic. — Icehmdic, Swedish, Lappoocso, Fin- 
nish, Danish, Korweginn. 

B'lai'm fn.;-!'™.— Hiiss, Revel Eathonitui, Dorpat Eatho- 
nian, Lettish, Tartar-Turkish, Buriat, Ciilmuc. 

Cmli-al Eiir^'pe. — Dutch, Flemidh, Oemian, German 
vul^, IJthuanion, Poliah, Wendish, Bohemian, Scla- 

Smthern JCurnpc, — French, Oermon, Latin, Romancee, 
Knghadin, ItidLui, Maltese, Modem Greek, Albanian, 
Turkish, Turkish in Greek character, Turkish in Ar- 

' ■ ■ ■■ -'■ ■■' ■ '- ■■!.'. 111. Georgian 



// M'lyin Roman chnmcteni. Malay 

irjAi "I rii^'srin. I>iuiik, .InvHUfflH'. Maduiwu. 

/ ■' .' . JhiM-ni.m, Tohitinn, Hnrtjtongiiu. 

y..r',\t,;-.:..-\uU;^.»y, Swhuana, Kiffi r, laubu, Am- 

.1 I. <. - Kiirjf, MiMuiiiKo, Creenlondinh Eiupiinuux, 

Miili^ink, (ljibt>,:mi. 

[Tlinutyh the diHinteroted agency of de^'otoil fiieoda 
mil uiiiiaiiinaricfi, of dilTcront ilvnoiiiinatinni!. ou^eral lau- 
- the fin-t time, bc-L-n brought i 



tmf'imi.ai 
Chri-itiiin ].rvH.- 
emurgiug fii'iii 
iftheoxl..n( ..I 
that iluliynu - . . 

earth, r-(i<>k<^N]-r 
family. In -••■■: 






I I'l^j 



11..1II 



. chai 



II .V.il. 



bf fitoeraoa ira; duj IsTabnto, ar; maudiy too oho, ks 
taatory; aij raha n&tory Bbc), diu nonoaofy. 

In TiiAiltdn, for the InhAbitanU of viuioiu ialutdi in 
tha Pucific Ocean, thui ; — 

I to'u habaare raa na roto i madabara o teie d« ao, 
liaere ahira van i to boa raM, e oiUi tei taua vahi ra, 
tapae atura vau I rein e roohia itiora i ta taoto i roto i 

The original of theao tranBlations ii the foUowing : — Aa I 
walked through the vildernow of this world, I lighted on 
B certain place where wa« a den, and laid me down in that 
place to sleep, and bb I slept I dreooied a dnmn. 

Specimen of Chinese tract, entitled "The Sunmury of 
IhaOoapel;" — 

g* ffiHH 

# a ill jfc. 

US &m 

155 Swank, ThomabFkanob. 43 Saulhanipton BnUJings 
^Inventor and Uanufacturur. 
SpacimcD of red marking-ink for linen, silk, Ac. 



1 50 W&BB, W1U.1AM, 34 Soutliampt-in Building), 
CSmiMry L-mc — Producer. 
An improved initrument for writing with pens and ink 
Hevoral copies aimultoneously. 



158 Leightoh, Jane & Ropert, Hnrji AUcii, Slioc Lunr, 
SpecimeUB of bookbindiDg, pilubited for novelty, cbeap- 
neBH, and deeign. The proCBOs of binding ia conducted, 
na ^ ae poaatble, by machinery, each book being orna- 
mented at a blow by an engraved die. Ofeigns by Luke 
Limner. The co»erB, in imitation of corvad ebony, are 
Dumufactured of papier nuuhd, \>y Maun. Jackson and 
Son. of Rnthbone I'lace. Koch cover bears the deeigDer'a 
name. The book cloths are rendered waterproof by 
Leighton and Son's new procesa. and manufactured by 
Mr. Jamei WiUon, of 1S8 St. John's Street, Clerkenn-elf. 
The silver leaf uied to decorate certun of tjieae books, in 
prevented from tanusliiiig by a new prooeas, invented by 
Leighton and Son, The clajipn, and other metal work, are 
manufactured by T. J. Ouy, of Harp Alley, Shoe Lane. 



159 WoDD^wrooH, Janes, Iii and 17 Pnrbiiidt Street, 
Liaeolit'a Inn Fieldi — Deeigner and Manuracturer. 

Specimen of an account book, in which tlie usual defect 
of breaking between the sections is prevented by the in- 
troduction of patent vellum cloth bands, which atrengthen 
the book, without adding to its thiokness at the back. 
The advantage of this new material is, ttiat it will cany 
ink as well as paper ; and it is stronger and thinner than 
Wy aubitance hitherto used for the same purpose, 
liil MoBOAK, F., &Co., i'i Cits Noad—laveiAon 
and Uauiifacturere. 

Fire-proof jewel -case, ornamental inkstands, gold pens. 



02 Rusts, T., 24 Great OrmomtStreiliQatmSquart— 

Designer and Hanutacturar. 
Specimens of bookbinding. 



Specimens of Oriental and other types, in aixty-MTBn 
langiiagea. 

The Lord's Prayer in Chinese charaetan, with the 
pmniiQciation of each letter; and a portion of IJie Litm^Ti 
also in Chinese moveable metallic types. 

The Lord's Prayer in smboased character*, (or the nas 
of the blind, in two systems. 



1G5 Isaac, Josm Raphael, 62 Quth Slmi, i 
Inventor and Proprietor. 

Registered cabinet in oak, for containing m^B, dia- 
grams, &c., intended for use in general offices, and 
at public lectures. The handle, acung right and left, 
brings to view any particular m^ required. 

Registered manifold e' — "" "~ — ' " '" 

portfolio, and suitable 

desk. 

1 



a mahogany, for holding s 
easel, muae, and resding- 



lioA B1.ACXW00D & Co., 36 Lotig A 

IlottloB Id earthenware and glass, having a lip or spout. 



SG HoDSON, J. S., 2-J Porlwfnl Sinri, Liiu»l*'i /n 

fifUt— Produoer. 
Specimens of letter-press printing, in various eolonn 



167 Caxfby, Jaheb, 18 Fatace Ear, Armagli, Intmd— 

Producer. 

A copy of a one-pound Ulster bank-note, axeoated on 

Bristol board, with a common pan; ezliibiting pidonal 

dwigua of shipping, ploughing, &c., aa a speoimai of tha 

caligraphic art. 

168 Lines, EdwaboD., ftCo.— Kwiuwr* Aw, fUU^ 

Street. Whittciaptl — UanufitctuTon. 
Blue writing fluid. 

160 Baxrmj^ T.,Iluprrl Strict, ffatimariet—TnAii^t. 
Ahymnfor all nations, byH. F. Tupper, D.C.L., F.RA.; 
translated into thirty languages. Th« mnaio compoasd by 
S. Sebastian Wesley, Hus. Doe. 



ITO EoiNBUBoa School for tht: Busd, Abbei/ ffiH, 

Eili'ibitnjk— Producer. 

Dr. Foulis's tangible ink for the blind. This ink 
although perfectly fluid, oontaina a large quantity of aolij 
matter which is ilcposited on the paper so as to preaent a 
Idghly raised surface to the finger. Dr. FouWa maan- 
script music notation for the blind. By means of this 
invention the whole of the chaisctan in muaio cmn ha 
represented by common pins stuck into a pincualuoa, 
with chords run through to represent the etavaa. Dr. 
Foulis's simple method of producing a raiiad aot&oe on 
paper for the blind, 

" " '" ihlotfraph for tha blind. A wmple ^i|i»- 
le blind to vrrite. Tha invention laaimpla 
, nd the writing is piaciau and oocaaion^* 
elegaut. Mr. Onll's system of anthmetic for the blin^ 
sccompliahed by common pins stuck into a ptncuahion. 
Its simplicity ia such that a bliud person can make his 
calculations with a few pins aa a pillow, or seat of a 
chair, Sic. Mr. Onll's tyjwa for corraepondeuce, by whifb 
blind persons can correspond with (ina another, or jot 
down memoranda for private uM. 

171 OaU, JaNeI, Mgrtle B.nJi, EdifibvrgA—XixvmUir. 

Oall's triangular alphabet for the blind, which, bj its 
similarity to the common Roman alphabet, is easily read 
by the eye, and may be taught without previous iutnie- 



I to toach tl 



KXNr.DOM.] 



Class 17.— PAPER, PRINTING, AND liOOKBINDlNG. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 2G, 27. 



549 



Linn. Tliiii alphabet is conaidered ad an improvement on 
circular aliiluiu«t)«, by its angular form; the letters are 
Tvnderefl mi»re diittinct to the touch; and by the oxcluaion 
(.if the capit«iU, the attention of the blmd in concentrated 
ujx>n J^, instead of 52 letters, and the size of the printing 
fik'iy be reduced. Volume, containing the Epistle to the 
Ej>L«iiuuui, priuteil for the blind in Gall's triangular 
alphabet, with the letters serrated. 

( riW^ apMFatus for irritiug by and to the blind. The 
blind can, by this invention, readily oorrospond by poet, 
ami GUI kevp books and other memoranda. The apparatuD 
cnn;«i«t^ of a stuffed frame on which the paper is placed; 
of a Oliver with bars to guide the lines, whicn are written 
fr >m the bottom upwards ; and of small stamps, vnth. the 
lettem formed of common pins, which are pricked through 
the (taper, and read on the opposite side. By means of the 
tT(» rv^ter points on each side of the fhime, and by flhift- 
iqS tka oovar one half line un, the paper is written on 
bi>th liides, each perfectly legible either by the iingoFS or 
the eye. 

172 Raxtkb, — , Froifirfeld St'ftol, Frotne, Scniersct — 

Producer. 
The National Anthem with music, on a large scale, 
VfT the lue of scools. 



174 Mn«, Robert, 4 Jfuniop St net, Oi txtfow— ln\entor. 

Electro-fliereotype plate for letter-press printing. This 
%ecixD«n is from a mould of g^tta percha, taken from a 
pw^ uf duunond types in a screw press. The gutta 
|«:nh% was laid on warm, the pressure applied imme- 
•liately. and left on for fifteen minutes. When the mould 
wa.4 taken off it «*aa brushed over ^nith plumbago, and 
c«>p(Msr dejiosiUxl upon it by the known process. When 
the coMjer deiHMilt is backed up with gutta percha, it is 
r^r»<iy xor prnu. 

The iwlvantaf^c of electro-Htereotyrie over stereotyjK; ii4, 
that it will last much longer, and work much cleaner. 
The exhibitor has worked one of each together, and when 
the stereot^-iie was completely worn, the electro-stereotype 
wa« as good as at first. 

4iutta ])ercha plate to be used in letter-press printing. 
PIa*^ uu%i\v of i^uttu pcrclui fr<»m wcHMl-cuts, will work a 
\ ,r^v liiiiirt-sniiju with letter-pr«':**» ; Julvanta{;:eourt when 
» - -In-ut- are vx{M!D2«ive, -.m the orijf^uiilrt mi'^iit bo saved. 
<1 ;*vi j-*nli.i |.I.»t4*H can 1>e iiia«lo in a slun't time at a 
t! r*.:..; *.-•■.-*: ;in«l whfu 2, 4, or are worked t<»^«'thcr, it 
*.'.i ^TUMtiy f.bi-iiitute the wi>rk. and le**eu exp«*n3o, 

M.ik'- .1 iu«»ulil fii)m a wjwd-eut l)y the metlKwl a1»ovG 
• l»-* r.'^.-ii. bnir^h it over with plumbago; lay it on the 
J .-•■--. f»i. ii|., iiiid jiut wann ;:ntta iKTuha inti> it; aj>ply 
it.- ; rvr^iire m- lM;tV>n.\ Several platen may \>c got from 
tl»- • .r.'.f? Tii'iuld. 

T...- p.'--'cei^ apj-xvirs to offtfr many advantofrc-^, if the 
f -w •- :■*. ''iiJir'tiltif- ofc«»iiipletely covering? tlieimpressjf ma 
«-•:' tK'. •} |n' letters, or the lines of jui engraving, with pliim- 
L-i^-'. -iT- uot t'Hi (Treat. The giittii i>ereha plate, being 
j-r.'i^riy fin*(i:ired. is r«iniie<"to<l with the volt^iic )>attery, 
aiii pliAi-<i ill a f«ohitioii of the nulphate of copjHT, which. 
t:.»"'i iH'l«r^^»t:n;^ el eetro -chemical decomi>«>riiti«.>n, dejMjsits 
I -.r*' C'^pii'.'r ill all the liuo/* iUid over the entire Kurf^iou. 
I*. » -lilii api.<*-:ir. if bs-ul w;is u.su<l instead of fpitt;i percha 
: r ■•«*kin,; the plati;. tlmi it would be better htt(^<l for 
J '.rj*:!!.' tii.ui wli^rii u'^ittii jtYri-cha in employed.-- R. JI.] 

1 7.'» W% u», Jami>, ''f.ii :.,f r,,,x< /:,,.( ^ 4.',4 \y, ,/ stnuui, 

■J /;■■,.' r.jrh- li.'.r, "ml tfn- tinut /f'/.'.. , I.'ir.itt-r 

.<f'i.ir. - Vr*H\\icvr. 

A G'-nt r.il Atl.ii*. r«intaiiiiii^ *\7 ina]i<i. of the various 
- T*- «if tht' wurld. r«howin;; their n-.-ipective phvMieal and 
y ..• .il ffuTun:*. ineludin;; tin* nvnt di>«o«»\rri»'s. C'o- 
. r.-'-r fol'.o. fuil-rifliiured, atid half ImiuikI in Hu;>.-tia. 

A ' »'-ti' ml .^tl.u*. lieiu/ a useful ^i-lertiou from tlie piv- 
f- ■.;!_• r ill «-uIoui>-d; 41 map.-*. 

An .\'lv«'if the Worlii. c<tuipreiieiiiliii;^.'>'J si'parato maps 
*f ■*.- ^-inoM-* ♦•ountri*'-', con'*tni<*t<Ml :iiid dniwii fn»m 
•r,. i*r^«t Ajttn^riomi<-'d and frco^nkphical ob:«ervation^. 
I:. ;«-hal qiirrt*^ colounMl, au<l handsomely half-bouud. 



School Atlas, with a copious index, containing up- 
wards of 8,000 names of placeii. 

Popular Atlas, containing 48 maps of the various parts 
of the globe, \%ith letter-press description to accom|)any 
each map. The World, on Mercator*s projection. A 
new map, containing the most recent geographical inform- 
ation, and constructed upon a new principle ; 4 large 
sheets. The World, on Mercator*s projection ; coloured, 
one lai^e sheet. 

General Map of Europe, drawn from the latest docu- 
ments; divided into its empires, kingdoms, and states; 
showing the great roads, railroads, physical features, &o. 
Six sheets. 

Post Koads of Germany, and the ac^jacont States, with 
the posts marked, the railroails, the sea-packet routes, 
and the internal steam navigation. Two sheets, in cases. 

The British Isles, with the tojMgraphical and physical 
features ; the lines of railway, their primary and inter- 
mediate stations; the land and water communications of 
the countries; and the steam-incket routes, with the 
distance from port to port. Compiled from the Ordnance 
Survey. Two sheets. 

England, Wales, and the greater part of Scotland, a 
Railway and Topographical Map, dra'wn from the tri- 
angulation of the Ordnance Sui'\'ey, and the surveys of 
the Railway Companies, and other sources of information, 
showing the lines of railwa3's, the inland navigation, the 
great and cross roads, cities, market towns, and villages, 
vdth the physical features. Four sheets. 

Plan of London and Westminster, 'v^'ith the Borough 
of Soutliwark, including the ac](jacent suburbs, with all 
the additions and improvements to the present time, 
reduced from the large sur\'ey, with an alphabetical list 
of the principal streets, squares, public buildings, &c., 
and reference to their situation on the plan ; also a 
statistical table of the population, &c. Two sheets. 

New Map of Londor*, extending from HoUoway to 
Cambcrwell, and from Kensington to the River Lea. 
One sheet. 

Map of the country 25 miles round London, upon a 
scale of 1 inch to the mile, showing the turnpike and 
cross-roads, railroads and stations, rivers, woods, com- 
mons, seiitri of the nobility and gentry, im well as the 
niiuket towns, villages, &c. Four sheet**. 

Scotland, dniwn from the toiK>^T*jiphical surveys of 
John Ainslie, General Roy, and othei-s, with the post 
towns and oflices, the turnpike-roads (both direct and 
cross), railways, and the distances between e;K*h town, 
jtnd from Etlinbui-gb. Two sheets. 

Ii'elaud, re<lueetl fi\>m the Onlnance Su^^■eya. Four 
sheets. 

Asia, compiled from the most recent documents, in 
four large ^lu•ets. 

India, from the latest authorities, sliowinp the civil 
and military stations, with polemetrical table of rcei- 
pro<.-al distances. One lai'i^e she* it. 

I.-slands «»f New Zealand and Chatham (Jrr>ui>, from the 
Admiralty Surveys of tlie English and Fivnch marine, 
from the observations of the otticerM (»f the New Zailan*! 
Company, and from private survey and skt^tches. Two 
sheets, with plate of the harboui's, Siiilin^ dinrctions, &c. 

N«»J"th America, exhibiting the recent <lis<-overios. peo- 
grfii>hical and nautical; dniwn chiefly from the authoriti<M 
of M. do Humboldt, Lieut. I'ike, Messrs. Lewis and 
Cliuke, Sir Alex. Mackenzie. Mr. ilciirne, C*)l. IJouchrtte, 
Captiins Vancouver, Itoss, Fany, and Franklin, U-ick, 
lJee<'hey, Deasi», jmd Siujpson, and Kelh-k; also <les<'rib- 
ing the lioun<l;U'y lines between the territoriin «if (Jn-ut 
liritain, the L'nitc<l SUites, and the Mexicsui aiul Centi-ail 
Statf.-*. Siven .-Ihn'Is. 

Miip <if tlie Fiovince »»f Cana<la, with part of New 
Ihwn-wi«.k to Halifax, and thel'nitrd States fmm liohton. 
Oui' v*h«'et. 

South Amerira. dniwn rhielly from the ori>;inal manu- 
script niaj" <if his Excellency the late (*he\alier Finto ; 
likeuiae fmm tlios«» of the Itra/il pnivinces, surve\e4l 
by Jo;is Joai{uiiu <l«' liocha, a niaLnntratt* r«>siilt*nt ntany 
years in th't^e <(»untri«-s; also th«; Ci-pitania of Sim I*aul«i, 
by Juao da Ciiita Ferrcira. The late Spraii.^h ttrritories 



650 



CLAB8 17.-.PAPER, PRINTING, AND BOOKBINDIN&. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



rUsiTID 



are extracted firom the sarvejB of £1 Padre Frandsco 
Manuel Sobreviela and others; together ¥dth the most 
authentic edited accounts of those countries by Hum- 
boldt and Schombuighk ; showing also the boundaries 
and states. New edition. Eight sheets. 

Africa, compiled from authentic aocoimts of travels, 
both ancient and modem, including those performed 
under the patronage of the African Association, by Messrs. 
Homemann, and Houghton; also those of Lord Valentia, 
Sir Home Popham, Captains Lyon, Tuckey, and Clapper- 
ton, Messrs. narrow, Bowditch, Brown, Bruce, Burchell, 
fUtchie, Salt, Laing, Denham, Landers, and Richardson, 
with the nautical surveys and observations of Captains 
W. Smith and Owen, R.N., assisted by the reports of the 
Missionary Societies. Six sheets. 

Educational Maps, The World, on the globular pro- 
jection, containing the most recent information. Eight 
sheets. Europe, drawn from the latest documents, 
showing its political (fiviaions, cities, and principal towns; 
Asia, exhibiting its politioal divisiona, from the best au- 
thorities ; Africa, constructed from the most recent travels 
and other authentic souroes; America, showing its political 
divisions, and containing the recent discoveries in the arctic 
renons; each in four sheets. 

England and Wales, drawn from the triangulation of 
the Ordnance Survey, and other souroes of information; 
showing the phvtical features, cities, and market towns; 
Scotland, with its cities, market towns, and physical fea- 
tures; Ireland, reduced from the Ordnance Survey, show- 
ing its cities, market towns, &c. 

Twelve-inch globes, containing the modem discoveries, 
and the places of the stars on the celestial globe calcu- 
lated to the present year; on high mahogany stands, &c. 

[A map may be defined as a projection of the surface of 
the globe on a plane surface. As the form of the earth is 
nearly that of a sphere, it is evident that the only map 
which can truly represent the positions of places is that 
on the surface of a globe. That projection which comes 
the nearest to the true representation of the globe is 
termed the ''globular." Qu' Mercator's projection some 
of the difficulties attendant-; upon circular projection are 
avoided : all the lines are right lines, and all the meri- 
dians are equidistant. The advantages of this projection 
are, that the bearing of every .place is true with ^respect 
to other places, and distances may be measured correctly 
from it; but the spaces between the parallels of latitude 
increase as they recede from the equator, and in high 
latitudes the departure from truth is great. — J. Q.] 



176 LovRiOT, Oeoboe, Heading, Berks— luYentor, 
Permanent, or indelible black writing-ink for public 

records, not affected by age or any of the ordinary 
chemical agents. 

177 Sheam, W. F., 14 ffalsey Terrace, Cadogan Street, 

Chelsea — ^Producer. 
Class roll, or school attendance r^giater book. 



178 Wilson, Bobim80n, WhUehaven — Producer. 

The Descent from the Cvw, executed in ten weeks 
with steel and crow pens and; Indian ink. The outlines 
were taken from an old print, and no brush was used, 
the shading being performed with a piece of paper when 
the strokes were damp. On each cheek alone are up- 
wards of two thousand strokes with the pen, imitating 
line engraving. 

179 Galbraith, W. J. T., WeUiwjton Cottage, South 

Lambeth — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Indelible writing fluids. 

180 Owen, Ho&atio, Falcon Square— Designer and 

Proprietor. 
Specimen of typography, being the speech of His Royal 
Higimeas Prince Albert, at the Mansion House Banquet, 



together with translations into the Qermaa, Vnach, 
Italian, Turkish, and Arabic languages. 



181 



Kronheim k Co., 32 Patemoeter Bout — 
Manufacturers. 
A variety of fiuicy borders. 



182 Stephenson, Blake, & Co. — Producers. 
A various assortment of printing type. 



183 Datib, J., 1 Duke Street, Norih Parade, Batk^ 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
New system of music, and general instructions for tbe 
pianoforte, organ, pedal harp, &c. 



184 



Reed & Pabdon, 1, 2, ft 3 LontXts Comi, 
Paternoster Bovr — ^Ptodncera. 
Various specimens of letter-press printing. 



185 Tait, W. J., Church Street, Rugby— ^^rodneer. 
A variety of school outlines. 



186 Hume, Rev. W. K, White Colne, Halstead, Emu:— 

IVoducer. 
The Jubilee Almanack, for a. d. 1851 : printed in gold 
on vellum, with poeti<»l illustrations, in a frune and 
glased. 



187 Rahsat, Robert, 2 Oreenside Place, Edmbmyh — 

Designer and Executor. 
Specimen of ornamental typography, composed of mar^ 
ble borders, rules, &c., forming a front view of FVee 
Church College, Edinburgh. 

188 Wason, Rioby, Conrar, near Qirvan, Ayrshire — 

Designer. 
Plans, showing the method of reclainung waste land; 
on a new principle, applied by Rigby Wason, Esq., be- 
tween the yeans 1840 and 1850, to an estate of about 
4,000 acres, formerly a wild moor without any road, and 
with only a few patches of cultivated land surrounding 
the house ; it now bears excellent crops of com and 
and will, in a few years, be all reclaimed. 



189 Barkeb, J. — Inventor. 

Casts from wood matrices for the use of silk, cotton, 
and other printers. 

190 Meek, O., 2 Crane Court, Fleet Street— Muinhetanr, 
Ornamental perforated papers, representing lace and 

crochet work. 



191 Tapperell & Innes, 2 Winchester Street^ Old Broad 

Street, and Queen's Arms Hotel, Cheapide. 
Ancient map of the Cities of London and Westminster, 
and the adjacent districts, as they appeared in tha early 
part of Queen Elizabeth's reign. In this ancient map and 
drawing, the palace of Westminster, the government •»»<l 
public edifices, &c., are very clearly indicated. 

192 Whitbread, JosLiH, 142, Oxford Street — 

Proprietor. 
New plan of London, drawn from authentic warvejm, 
on a scale of 3 inches to a mile. 



193 Ruff & Co., 2 & 3 ITind Court, fleet Street — 

Producers. 
Map of London and its environs, in six sheeti^ on a 
scale of 8 inches to the mile, showing the division of 
parishes, &c. 

194 RicKMAN, William Charubs, 21 Park Side, ffyde 

Park Comer, and Pole More, Wexfifrd—Inventot 
and Designer. 
Portfolio bracket, for the purpose of holding portfolios 
of drawings, prints, ^., and exhibiting their oonteote to 



KlXODOM.] 



Clabb 17.— paper, printing, AND BOOKBINDING. 
Areas F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



651 



■dTutage. It !■ attached to the wall, and is made to 
open and ahut: carved in grenadillo wood. 



195 Bblct, Robebt, & Compant, Fann Street, 
Aidengate Street — ^MaDufacturers. 

Specimena of Drinting types. A complete series of 
Elizabethan or church text, with initial letters of the 
Tudfir period. Typographical ornaments taken from the 
remains of Ninereh and Etniria, court hands, Persian, 
Syriac, and Arabic. 

Modem type-founders' mould and matrix, with types 



196 BAsmiTT & Co., 173 Fleet Street— ^Producera. 

Specimens of eodesiaBtioal binding : — 

Royal folio Bible, carred wood boards, covered vnih 
Turkey morocco, without cut or join; metal ornamental 
mountings. 

Royal folio Common Prayer, polished oak boards, or- 
namental metal hinges, and clasp (the hinges and clasp 
produced by electrotype). 

Imperial quarto Bible, Gothic oak boards. 

Imperial quarto Bible, carved wood boards, covered 
with Turkey morocco, without cut or join. 

Royal quarto altar service, ultramarine border to pages, 
earred wood boards, covered with Turkey morocco; cor- 
and centre metal mountings, produced by electro- 



type. 
Royal 



_. yal quarto altar service, velvet; Gothic metal mount- 
ings, produced by electrotype. 

Sundry small Common Prayers and Church Services, 
fwafoiai ad and engraved; solid metal oovers, &c. 



197 PiTHAjr, Isaac, 5 Nelson Place, Bath — Inventor. 

Chart of the phonogrwhic and phonotypic alphabets. 

The Bible, Hec., printed phonetically, and the Testament 
in phonetic short-hand. 

[Tlie phonographic or phonotypic systems have this 
peciiliar principle, that words are \\Titten and printed as 
tbrv are pronounced. Since pronunciation differe with 
dL0tnct>>, it appears difficult to decide uj>on a standard, 
azyi if deci<led i'^>on by one district exclusively, then the 
ph^'Do^n^hi'* tfystem becomes exposed to more objections 
t tan the jeduarj orthography. — R. E.] 



"» :*** SocttTT FOB Teaching the Blind to Read, 
Atmuc liotui, hUjenVs Park — Proprietors. 

Eiiib<Mvw^ b<^K>ks for the blind. The characters which 
\xA\^ Vieen made use of for letters are raised above the 
*i.rf jce of the paper, so that the sense of touch may supply 
thr* wMit Iff sight. These characters, which are repre- 
M*&ti9ii in the annexed cut, are simple in their form, 
b»:nz a i^traight line, a curved line, and a <lot placed 
in tiiflV-rent jxisitions; by this means the complication 
*{ wtn»k(« in the letters of the alphal>et is avoided, 
an'i thf puftils are enabled Wi\h. case to distinguish one 
lctt«T from another. 



ABCOCrCHi 

• ^ C ( ^ \ ^ 1 • 

JKLMNOPPR 

;^ f r^ ^ O J.-/ 

STUVWXYZ&c. 

- I > \ f • \ - \ 

tl X\ rr TH SH FH CH NC Wn CH 

IS a4 •S7a a o 



A* the fin^r cannot pass over a word so rapidly 
iiP th*- fve, grt!at«T fluency is securr<l }»y the use of 
c ntrawrtj«-nii similar to those employed in short-hand 
^r.'Auz. Many who have lost their sight in advanced 



life, and whose sense of touch has become less acute 
from hard work, have been enabled to read this simple 
alphabet, when they have found it impossible to ms- 
tinguish more complicated characters. An adequate 
knowledge of the system can be acquired by a pupil in six 
months, and by many in a shorter period. The system 
was proposed by the late Mr. Lucas, of Bristol, and was 
reduced to practice by the Rev. J. W. Qowring, in the 
year 1842, under the direction of the London Societv for 
teaching the blind to read. The greater portion of the 
Scriptures, with the lituigy of the Church of England, 
and various books of elementary instruction, have already 
been published in these characters. 

Chrphering boards for the blind. The boards being 
perforated with square holes, types with simple cha- 
racters raised in their ends can be arranged in any order. 
Five characters similar to those employed in reading are 
used in different positions, each havmg a numeral value. 

Maps for the blind. The land is raised above the water, 
and cities, mountains, rivers, and boimdary lines are all 
marked so as to be easily felt. 

Qeometrical boards for the blind. 

Specimen of embossed copies, used for instructing the 
pupils in the common system of writing, the pf^r used 
being prepared with embossed lines. 

Apparatus for enabling the blind to emboss Lucas's 
characters, and thus communicate with each other. The 
characters are raised on a stamp, having ten arms, fitting 
into the aperture of a slide so that the letters cannot be 
incorrectly formed ; this slide moves along a bar, and 
indicates, by means of a rack, the distance it has been 
moved. The lines are kept equidistant by the bar which 
moves down the board, which is retained in its position 
by a simple contrivance. 

A specimen of music for the blind, in raised characters, 
each character denoting both the sound and its length, 
whereby the stave is dispensed with. The music can 
be written by means of the embossed copies. 

Chess boards for the blind. The black squares are 
raised, and the pieces have pegs to fasten them in the 
board. The black pieces are distinguished by a point at 
the top. The last three articles were invented by Mr. W. 
Wood. 

Specimens of basket work and knitting clone by the 
pupils at the Institution, Avenue Road, Regent's Vixxk. 

[The invention of characters in relief was among the 
earliest measures resorted to for the instruction of the 
blind. Mr. Gall, of Edinburgh invented an alphabet upon 
this j)rinciple, called 'Hhe triangular." Moveable letters, 
place<l in grooves, were aften^-ards employed, but aban- 
doned. A string alphabet, like the " quipos," or knotted 
cord of Peru, for distant communication, ^iis proposed. 
Various other attempts for this purpose were made, until 
Haiiy invented the art of printing in relief; this was then 
aj)plied to Mr. Gall's triangular alphabet. By the system 
of Mr. Lucas the repetition of numerous letters is avoided ; 
simple characters are usotl ; particles are mostly repre 
sented by initial letters, a system which is followed upon 
the frequent i-epetition of a word. — R. He.] 



199 Gardner, W. H., Tro^i Tfousc, M<mningtrcc, Essex — 

Designer and Executor. 

Si)ecimen of i)enmanship. 



200 Anderson, Duncan, 67«/>//"'/— Proprietor. 

Napoleon in his Robes, from the lithograph of the en- 
graving of Ger.inl's jucture. 

KuK'Tis' Watering-place, from the cnp^aN-ing. 

Philip baptizing the Eunuch, from Browne's engraring 
of Both's ]»icture. 

All copicil with a common iK-n, in China ink, by 
Joseph Lin«lsay, a dwif mute, an«l pupil of the Glasgow 
Institution for the Pxlucation of the Deaf and Dumb. 



552 



Clabs 17.— paper, printing, AND BOOKBLBIDING. 
Abeab F. 27 to 29 ; G. H. I. J. 26, 27. 



201 British and Foreign Bibus Soostt, JEorl Street, 

Blackfrian — Produoera. 

Specimens, couaiBting of 165 booka, ia different lan- 
guages, fi-oni the 170 versions of the Holy Scripturea, 
either iu whole or in part, which have been published 
directly or indirectly by the Society, and of which 118 
are from translations never before printed; and of which 
more than twenty-four millions of copies have been cir- 
culated since its institution in 1804. 

Eight 8i)ecimen8 of four editions of the English Bible, 
showing the improvement made between the years 181 B 
and 1851, in reference to quality of paper, printing, and 
binding, at an average reauction of 62 per cent, in the 
cost price. 



Western Europe, 
English Bible. 
Wdsh Bible. 
(Saelic Bible. 
Irish Bible (VemaouUr). 
Irish Bible (Roman). 
Manks Bible. 
French Bible (Martin). 
French Bible (Ostervald). 
F.vnch Bible (De Sacy). 
Breton Testament. 
French and German Teatameat 

and Psalms. 
French and English Testament. 
French Basque Testament. 
Spanish Bible (Scio). 
(SaUlan Testament. 
Spanish Basque, St. Luke. 
Spanish Gipsv, St. Luke. 
JudoRO Spanbh, Old Testament. 
Jodoeo Spanish, New Testament. 
Spanish and Latin Bible. 
Portuguese Bible ^Peroira). 
Portuguese Bible (Almeida). 

Northern Europe, 
Icelandic Bible. 
Swedish Bible. 
LapponcM Testament. 
Finnish Bible. 
DanUh Bible. 

Faroese and Danish St. Luke. 
Quanian or Norwegian Lapponeae 
Testament. 

Central Europe, 

Dutch Bible. 

Flemish Bible. 

German and Uehrew Old Testa- 
ment. 

Lithuanian Testament. 

Samogitian Testament. 

Polish Biiib' (Honum). 

Polish Bible (Gothic). 

Upper Wendish Testament. 

Lower Wendish Testament. 

Boliemian Bible. 

Hungarian Bible. 

German Bible. 

Hungarian Wendiah Testament 
and l*salms. 

Sonthem Europe, 
Italian Bible (Diodati). 
Italian, with Latin Psalms. 
Latin Bible. 

Komaneso New Testament. 
Kngliadine New Testament. 
Piedmontese New Testament. 
Pifdraonte^e with Italian, Pludms. 
Piedmontese with Freaeh, St. 

Luke and St. John. 
VaudoiM with French, St. Luke, 

and St. John. 
Bulgarian Testament. 
Grei'k New TesUment (Ancient). 
Greek Bible (Modem). 
Greek with I^tin, TesUmcnt. 
Turkish Bible. 

Turkish Bible (Greek characters). 
Turkish Testament (Armenian 

character). 
Wallarhian Testament. 
Servian Testament 
Albanian with Modem Greek, 

New Testament. 

liussia, 
Russian Testament (Modem). 
Sclavonic and Modem Kussia New 

Testament. 
Dorpat FlitlionianNew Testament. 
Revel Gsthoniaa New Testament. 



R ussiit — continued. 
I^ettish Bible. 
Sirenian St. Matthew. 
Mordvinian New Testament. 
Tscheremissian Gospels. 
Tschuwaschian Gospels, 
Orenborgfa Tartar Testament. 
Karelian St. Matthew. 
Turkish Tartar Pentateuch and 
Joshua. 

Caucasian and Border 
Countries, 

Georgian New Testament (Eccle- 
siastical). 

Georgian New TesUment (Civil). 

Armenian Testament (Ancient 
and Modem). 

Armenian Testament (.\ncient 
and Ararat). 

Armenian Testament (Modem). 

Ararat and Modem Armenian 
Testament. 

Trans-Caucasian Tartar St. Mat- 
thew. 

Armenian Testament (Ararat). 

Armenian Ihalms. 

Semitic Languages, 

Hebrew Old TesUment. 
Hebrew New Testament. 
Arabic Bible. 
Judaso Arabic, four books of Mew 

Testament. 
Syriac Bible. . 

Syriac and Carshun Testament. 
Carshun Testament. 
Syro Chaldaie Gospels. 

Persia, 

Persic Testament (Martynj. 
Persic Old TesUment (Glen). 
Judso Persic, four Gospels. 
Pushtoo Testament. 

India, 

Sanscrit Gospels and Acts. 
Hindustani Vesument ( Roman). 
Urdu Persian, portions of Old 

Testament. 
Urdu l^rsian. Gospels and AcU. 

Northern ami Central India, 

Bengalee, portions of Old TesU- 
ment. 

Bengalee and English, Matthew 
and John. 

Bengalee TesUment (Roman^ 

Bengalee, with English TesUment 
( Roman ). 

Uriya Bible. 

Hinduwee Old Testament. 

Harrottee TesUment. 

Bikaneera TesUment. 

MoulUn TesUment. 

Punjabee TesUment. 

Cashmerian Testament. 

Nepaulese Testament. 

Southern India, 

Tellnga TesUment. 
Cknarese Bible. 
Tamul BiUe. 
Malayalim Testament. 
Tulu TesUment. 
Kunkuna TesUment. 
.MahratU TesUment. 
Oulerattee TesUment. 
Cutchec St. Matthew. 



Ceylon, 
PnM Testament. 
Singalese Bible. 
Indo-Portuguese Testament. 

Indo-Chinese Countries, 

Assamese TesUment. 
Khassee St. Matthew. 

Chinese Empire, 

Chinese Bible. 
Chinese, St. Lake and Acts. 
Manchoo Testament. 
Mongolian Old Testament. 
Mongolian New Testamevl. 
Calmuc Gospels, &c 

Ilitfier Polynesia, 

Malay Bible (Rom«n). 
Malay Bible (Arabic). 
Malay Testament (Ia>w). 
Javanese 'Testament. 
Dajak Testament. 

Further Polynesia. 

Tahitian Bible. 
Rarotonga Testament. 
New Zealand PtoUteucfa. 
New Zealand Joshua and Psalms. 
New Zealand TesUment. 
Malagaise Genesis and New 
Testament. 



Further Poll 



Fe^jeean TesUment. 
Africa. 

Coptie irith Arable, tadms. 
Coptic with AxaUk, Go sp el s . 
Kthiopie TMtament. 
Amfiarie BIhle. 
Berber SC Lake. 
Dollom St. Matthew. 
Mandingo St. Matthew. 
Accra St. Matthew and St. John. 
Yoruba Romsna. 
Namaniua, St. Loko. 
Sechoana Testament and 
Cafko Testament. 
Sesoto Oospek. 

AweriCfia 
Greenland Ish TostaHMn 

Ptalms. 
Esquimaux Pentateudi 

Josbna. 
Mohawk, St. John. 
Chippeway, St. Mattbaw. 
Creoleae 1 esUmeat. 
Negro ^Dialect of Sarinan, Tm- 

tamontand Pdama. 
Baquinuns Tcstamtmt. 
Aimam with Spanish, St. Lukm, 
Mexican St. Lake. 



202 Hareisok, Arthur Prichard, 190 Wesierm Mood, 

Brighton — Designer. 
Framed arms, printed and staineid in blazonry colonn, 
granted as hereditary bearings to the nobili^ bj Kiag 
Henry III., dated 1245. Roll of arms granted as heredi- 
tary bearings to the kni^ts compenioDB at the 
of Karlaverock, by Edward I., 1900. Soil of 
granted by King Richard 11. to his nobility, dated 1377. 
Roll of arms of all the Knights of the Qarter, from their 
instalment; plates and ancient records in St. Qeorge'a 
Chapel and Windsor Castle. Tournament roll of King 
Henry YIII., a.d. 1510. FacHsimile of Magna Gharta, 
with arms of the barons, &c., dated 12U. Death tnovaot 
of King Charles I., and of Mary Queen of Soots. Wmh 
simile of illimiinated prayer by Henry VIL Qenaakgy 
of sovereigns of England, with arms. 

20.*^ Bell, Major O., 17 Cecil Street, Strand—lnrmdor. 
Tabular presentment of imiversa], historical, l it e rary , 
and artistical time, extending orer a aurfiwe of aeeny 
4,000 years, in 25 diagrams. 

204 Strangewats, John, 18 Harpur Street, Bed Lkm 

Square — Producer. 
New chart of British biography, from the comineiioe- 
meut of the 15th oentury to the preaent time. 

205 BoYSTON & Brown— InYentoi*. 
Specimens of bank-notes and bills of esohaiun, en* 

graved by a patent process, to prevent foi^gezy. v ariout 

account books. 

206 Walton, T., King Edward VI. Soks^l, Bimunfhem 

— Producer. 
Outline chart of general history. 

207 Cleaver, Willl^m Jones, 46 PiooadiUjf — 

Designer. 
Oak and glass case, containing an assortment of Biblea 
and books of Common Prayer, and a selection of other 
books in ancient and modem bindings. Exhibited for the 
colours of the leather, general design, and workmanahip. 

208 Spiers & Son, Oor/on/^ Designers and 

Manufacturers. 

Enveloi)es and paper, embossed in colours, firom college 
and other dies. 

Models of six cathedrals, Osborne House, Martyrs' 
Memorial, Oxford, &c. 

210 Watson, William, 8 George Street, Pocklin^on 

Producer. 
Plan of the down of Market Weighton, East Biding, 
Yorkshire. 




WOVEN, FELTED, AND LAID FABRICS, DYED AND PRINTED. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Brta of the coloor-printer uid dyer form the subject reprcsentad by this CUh. The&e arts b 



ita spplialiOD to Tarioua fabrics. But lincc cbemietry bus been allowed to occupy a part of the atteotioa of 
the mmnnlactnrGT, a very different rcBult has arisen. The indications of experience are confirmed by the 
tf hinpi of philoeophy, and in a largo number of iQst«uces a vaitt economy of material, time, and labour, ha* 
beeo «fl*ated. In addition, chemistry has brought to light new compounds, and new means of ohtuning dyes 
■nd eoloun fJ great brilliance from a few simple combinationB. It ia consequently now almost universal to 
find that attached to the extensive works of the dyer and colour-printer, is a lai^ laboratory fitted up for che- 
mical inreatigatioaa, and the processes developed in which are often the source of very great commercial 
pnMwritjr. 

TiusClaaB includes Woven, Spun, Felted, andLaid Fabrics, when eihibited as specimens of printingor dyeing. 
In the Sub-Class A. are included the Printing or Dyeing of Woollen or any Mixed Substances ; B. Include* 
Printed Caliccea, Cambrics, Hualins, Velvet, and Velveteens ; C. Dyed Cott«n Goods ; D. Dyed Linen Goods ; 
E. The I^eii^ or Printing of Leather, Hair, Fur, &c. 

Tba qiacial part (tf the Buildinf; devoted tt> objects in this Class is that iiicludod by Areas L. M. and N. 
2 to 5, and O, S and 4. But throughout the Building specimens of the art of the dyer in the production of 
the mrst rich and boHutiful colours are prciienteil in objects which apj*ar, properly, in other Classes, The 
Ti:rkiv-rivl calico and cloth ctiipliiyeil in lis dooiratiou, and in the indication of IIh various de]«rtniciitB, 
av--nii(i', &c., form an inlerestin^ instance of this kind, 

1 he print-works of Ijincnshiri', and particulnrly of Manchester and its vicinity, form the most cxjiciisivo 
j'-nnimif printcil and dyeil articles, Glasgow, Carlisle, (.'rnyford, rninley, anil other places, also cinilain 
iiu|'-rLuit wiirks of a soinewliat similar description, Tlic origin of cotton printing apjiears to have taken placo 
IS the viciuity of tlie mctr<i]iuliH in lliT3. 

Ihirinic the last ball-cent iiry, a surprisin;^ development of printin); in colour and dyeitiir ban taken plnce. It 
ii> ri-riuiaii^l that at its comuiencement the annual ipiantitv of cotton printed was 32,8(J1J,72U yards. Kut in 
l^>. thi«<|iinntity bad attained the enormous increase of' .14T,4.'>0,29!f yards; and it has xince still further 
.i.i-r-a-iwl. llic print-works of Lancashire, and other places, form a surprisine s[)eclacle of the oiierationof 
rrj>-nii<~al and mechanical prices on the iireal saile. 'I'hat which was formerly the laliour of weeks, ia now i)er- 
!■ mii^l in a <by. .\ pii-ce of cloth is printcl al the rate of linliilnils of yanis in a day. (*ll Oliu sjilo of a 
iriji-liliit-rtupm it aso'iids moist, with colour from the engraved copjior cylindvr ; on the other it ileseends dried, 
n'jili f'lr the final j ip kx-ssi's. The printin:; machines arc marvels of in;:euuity ; the [>attern is applied by ibo 
rnrr.ii i"! surface of one or more copjier cylinders, which have receiveil the ]iattem fiwn a small Hteel cylinder, 
IT " niill," ratable of iin{ire«iiin;: seveRil with the some design, ami thua saving the coal of rcjniited engraving. 
At hrkt noiy one colour could be ajuJIed ; now from siji, or oven eight and ten ooIouth, are applieil in constant 
fiiim-wii'ii, Tliiwc njacbiues jicrforu their work with grml niTiimcy and siiih»1, and prmliice all the i-oiiiniimcr 
[■tirmsavcn in daily iiw; 1 but liand lalwur is still employed, even in these works, for ftne or compliciitcd 
«"rk, and more ]«rtiru1ar1y for jiriiitinv; mousM^iiniMle-laiiie dresses, &c. The guwls thus printed are i-xjtirleil 
in 'Tiim<'n>e iiuantities to all par's uf the worid, a large imrtion licing also retained fi-r home use. For loreign 
i..U!itri.- a ct-riain jH^cnliarily of cliiDiiialic .irraiigcnieut is necessary, in onler to render the artick's adapted to 
th<' ta-ti- of mirchaJi'Ts, 

T1,<- art 'if the dvi-r In towns is a manufacture on a smaller scale, and carrieil on genemlly in small eslnblish- 
ii.iiits 'hvijiMl to that purpose. But extensive dye-works exist, which arc tinpliiycd in iiiipiirlin;; various 
O'liarn lij cl<>th, Ac, on tlil' great scile. To the pnw[>t'r<FUs pursuit of cilher of tliese iirls, it is lieginiiing to lie 
ni'TT and more wid.-lv fell, llint un enlightened nnd |>hiloKo|>hii'al mind is i.S (he lirsl iv.tiHeipiim-e. And 
i:-.- MimliT, extent, and iiuiiThiiici- nf nmiy of thefnuildishiiif-iils where Ibeyare t-xtcnsively carried on, is a 
^miifyia;! iD<licatiun of tlie jireseiit position uf those who are occupied in i>iich [luniiiits. — I!. K. 



554 



Class 18.— WOVEN, PELTED, AND LAID FABRICS, 

Areas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



[UNOTro 



1 Evans, Datid, & Co., 121 Cheapside, and Crayford, 
Kent — Manufacturers and Printers. 

Bandanna handkerchiefs, manu&ctured in India. 

British bandannas, manufactured at Macclesfield, from 
Bengal and China silk. 

Spun bandannas, manufactured in Lancashire. 

Ladies' silk dresses. Table covers. 

Registered designs. 



2 Baker, Tockebs, & Co., 30 & 31 Gresham Street — 

Silk Manufacturers and Printers. 
British and East India silk handkerchiefs and dresses, 
printed in London. Registered designs. 

3 LiDDlARD & Co., Friday Street, Cheapside — 

Manufacturer. 
Printed mousseline-de-laines, bareges, &c. 

4 Inglis & Wakefield, Busby Print Works, near Olasgow 

— Manufacturers. 
Printed mousselines-de-laine on cotton warp; printed 
cashmeres, balzarines, cottons, and jaconets; the dahlia., 
a patented colour. The designs are all registered. 

5 Andrews (Hugh), Sons, k Oee, 55 Friday Street — 

Producers. 
Printed cotton, muslin, woollen, and mixed fabrics. 



6 Devas, Minchener, k Rodtlege, 24 Lawrence Lane — 

Proprietors. 
Specimens of printed cambrics and muslins, exhibited 
as cheap and useful productions for the middle class. 

7 Welch, Maroetbon, & Co., 17 Cheapside — 

Manufacturers. 

A selection of silk handkerchiefs, manufactured from 
China silk, and India corahs, printed by the exhibitors. 

Printing blocks for the purpose of shewing the process 
of Bandanna printing. 

8 Wilkinson, William, 89 Wailing Street — 

Manufacturer. 
China cord " pongee" handkerchiefs, and China and grey 
twilled bandannas, British manufacture. India corahs, 
specimens of madder red, cochineal, crimson, and other 
courses of work. Specimens of printed and dyed work, 
in various stages of manufacture. 

9 Swan & Edgar, Piccadilly, and Regent Street — 

Proprietors. 

Spitalfields silks, velvets, &c., manufactured by 
J. Balance & Sons, Stone & Kemp, and Winkworth 
& Proctens. 

Printed muslins, butterfly, rose and convolvulus pat- 
terns. Printed by Hargreaves Brothers. 

10 Law & Sons, 37 Mcnkwell Street — Manufacturers. 
Embossed silk and velvet. 

Specimen of cloth used for bookbinding. 

Embossed velvet and furniture-linings for decorations. 

Embossed grounds for paper-hangings. 

11 Crocker, J. & A., 51 Friday Street — Manufacturers. 
Harness woven muslins for curtains. Complete drapery, 

blind and curtains of harness woven muslin, showing its 
adaptation for window decoration. 

Pointed cotton for furniture uses ; the colours produced 
by machine, and by a combination of machine and block- 
printing. 

12 Keymer, Jas., Lawrence Lane — Producer. 

Silk bandanna handkerchiefs in needlework style, 
flowers, small or Fichus; and a study, commemorative of 
the Great Exhibition. Printed at the works of Augustus 
Applegath, Dartford. 

13 Mair, Son, & Co., 60 Fnday Street, London, and 

163 Ingram Street, Olasgow — Manufacturers. 
Twilled bandannas and cambric handkerchiefs. 



14 McAlpin, Stead, & Co., Cummersdale, Carlisle — 

Designers and Printers. 
Machine and block chintz furnitures, upon cotton velvet 
and calico. 



15 



Hindlet, C, k Sons, 134 Oxford Street — 
Designers and Manufacturers. 
Printed chintz furniture: original designs, English 
production. 

16 Foster, Porter, k Co., 47 Wood Street, Cheapside — 

Manufacturers. 

British and East India silk handkerchiefa, printed in 
London. 

Block employed in printing handkerchiefa. 

Silk, thread, woollen, leather, and silk-plush gloves. 
Bandannas. Parasols. Ribbons. Fsnoy hosiery — polka 
jackets, gaiters, hoods, hose, kc. 

17 Wilson, — , Producer. 
Specimens of cloth for bookbinding. 

18 Welch, Thomas, Merton Abbey, Merton — 

Manufacturer. 

Printerl cloth drawing-room table-oovers, of various 
designs and colourings. 

Embossed cloth drawing-room table-covers, different 
designs and colourings. 

19 Walford, Richard, 27 Lawrence Lane — ^IHroprietor. 

Printed silk handkerchiefa. East India silk manofao* 
ture, printed in England. 

20 Johnson, R. J. — ^Producer. 
Specimens of dyed goods. 

21 SwAiNSON & Dennts, 97 New Bond Street — ^Dedgners 

and Printers. 
Chintzes for dining-rooms, libraries, &c. Chioti, imi- 
tation of drapery, for wall -hangings, curtains, Ac. ; of tiee, 
flowers, drab leaves, kc. ; of group of flowers and ribbon ; 
of the acacia; of group of flowers in rustic panel; and of 
birds and flowers, for drawing-room curtains, &c. Chinties 
suitable for bed-furniture, &c., 26 inches wide. 

22 Underwood, William, 1 Vcre Street, Oxford Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Printed cloth table cover, commemorative of the Qreat 
Exhibition. This table-cover is represented in the ac- 
companying Plate 37. The printinig of this cover has 
taken 223 blocks and copper-plates. In the centre are 
the arms of Qreat Britain, surrounded by those of the 
principal nations of the globe, with suitable inacrqytiooa. 

23 Clarke, Enoch, Neate Street, Coburg Road, 

Old Kent ^ock^ Manufacturer. 

An assortment of printed and painted japanned table- 
covers. 



24 Tates & Taylor, 42 Gutter Lane, Cheapside-— 

Manufacturers and Proprietors. 
Printed and embossed table-covers, for ornamental 
table furniture. Shaded style of work, giving a velvet- 
like i4>pearance, similar to needlework, from one im- 
pression. 

25 Thomson Brothers & Sons, 1 Mosley Street, Manchester 

— Producers. 
Printed cambrics and mousseline de laines, cotton 
warps, shot silk, and worsted; printed cambrics, k/o., 
silk warps, shot silk. 

26 BcRD, John, & Sons, Manchester — Printers. 
Machine-printed calicoes, madder and steam colours. 
Block-printed calicoes, steam colours. 
Machine-printed muslins, madder and steam colours. 
Block-printed window bliuds. 

Printea quilts. 




I 



HEULDIC TABLECLOTH. 



^ ^ 



KlKODOM.] 



DYED AND PRINTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



555 



27 DALOLI8H, Faudoher, & Co.,L€nnox MUU, 

L^tmoxtovn, Stirling — Printers. 
Calico prints and muslin prints. 

28 Thb Strikes Pbintino Coxpamt, Manchester — 

Producers. 

Specimens of machine printing on cotton velvet; eight 
colours, produced by one operation, at the rate of sixty 
yanU per minute. 

The same on calico; eight colours. Steam work. 

Specimens of madder work. 

29 NnjiOH, Knowlks, & Co., 11 Oeorge Street, 

MancKester — Printers. 

Calico and mousselaine-de-laines, crimson ground style. 
Coloured steam printing. 

Chintz furniture showing fourteen colours, chintzes and 
other prints, all the colours printed at one time by cy- 
linder. 

30 P^yrrEB, E., &Co., Dinting Vale, Olotsop, and Manchester 

— Producers. 
Variety of calico prints; moderate in cost, adapted for 
a variety of markets, and produced by machine through- 
out. 

31 SAMCKLa, John, & Co., ifancA^idr— Manufacturers. 

BladJL and Turkev-red velvet. Black velveteen. Drab 
moleskin. Drab eight-shaft cord. Black satins. Printed 
drilLi. Albert tweeds. Moleskins. Holsteins. Velveteens. 
Waldemars. Furniture velveteens. Mock quiltings and 
herring bones. Diamond and welted quiltings and satins. 

32 Rajwet, Cbarleb, & Co., Manchester — Proprietors. 
l>red and printed cotton trouser cloth, in imitation of 

wooUen ; possesses the appearance and durability of 
woollen cloth. 

33 BAKjnauiAN, Hekrt, & Sons, Manchester — Producers. 
Pateot doth used for upholsterers' purposes, as cur- 

tainii, &c., so produced that they will not tarnish. 

Cloth (Tuitable for ladien' dreaaeH, gentlemen's coats, 
bliA-iinij'* for book.-*, and ombellifihmentri of varioua kinds. 

.^4 Batley & Craves, Gl Mo^le;/ Street, Manchester. 

Cajico priiitrt, fast lilacM, madder colourB; chocolate 
?T».nind, garanciue work ; .aid two and three coloured 
tii.yid«;r work**. 

Sample <»f a new "re«i«t" puq)le, that will throw off 
ch"-^ ,»Ute, dark puri>le, catechu, bro\sTi, or red grounds. 






SwASwicK & JoBNflON, Muncheatcr — Producers. 
Printed calico and priuted mu.slin. 



?,*) HoTLE, Thomas, & Sons, 58 Mosley Street, 
M'tnch'ster — Manufacturers. 

Print#^l calic<^)e.'», black, puri)le, and whites; light pur- 
pl' - Aui brunette**, &c. 

Pririt^l cambrics, in all colours, suitable for children, 
az^i liir^e {jattt* m.-* for dre»*j»e!*. 

IVinted xuui4linj<. Cbt»cked and plain jaconets. 

IVtnted mua-Meliue-de-laiuos and llamas, both mixed 

'Machine-printing is j>€rfonned in the followng man- 
H'-r. The fabric is drawn by power over one or more en- 
pr^veii copper cylinders, the lower part of which revolves 
in a tp»ugh cont;uninjL; the colour. By an ingenious 
a,rraiij^^*ment, a blade of steel, or other metal, called a 
i\m:i.-r. mjwjve* the su|»iTfluous colour, leaving only the 
iti i*ntAtiouj« on the cylinder charged therewith. The 
prvw*tirc t*j which the fabric is subjected causes it to 
Airwirb thii* culour, and it is then carried upwards into a 
r .■ lii at a hi;;h temperature where it is dried, and returns 
t..' uixlrnj.j further processes of preparation. At first, 
i u\y "UB colourcil p^itteni could be communicated to the 
f^^rie, but now seven or eight cylinders are not unfro- 



quently used in the same machine, each applying a dif- 
ferent colour to the fabric as it passes forward, and each 
so adjusted as to cause the colour to fall precisely in the 
proper place, so as to complete the pattern. Machine- 
printing is carried on to an enormous extent in Manches- 
ter.— R. E.] 

37 Steineb, T., 8c Co., Church, near Accrington, Manchester 
— ManufiEurturers and Inventors. 
Cotton fabrics, dyed Turkey -red and printed in various 
colours. 



38 Leddiard & Co., London ; Haboreaves Brothers, 
& Co., Manchester — Manufebcturers. 

1. A butterfly chintz muslin, displaying a combination 
of permanent colours. 

2. A rose trail chintz muslin, in permanent colours, 
in three varieties of ground. 

3. A moss-rose chintz, upon oi^gardie muslin. 

4. A bouquet chintz, on two varieties of ground, with 
combination of permanent colours, by Mercer^s patent 
process. 

5. A design of one-block printing, exemplifying, by a 
variety of coloured grounds, the nature of Mercer's patent 
procem, vrfth the ordinary colours. 

6. The same design printed by the ordinary processes 
and colours. 

7. A design upon lobelia crimson ground, showing a 
new appUoation of safflower for dyeing or for printmg 
puiposes, where white is not required, uniting permanence 
with brilliancy of colour. 

8. Lobelia crimson plain muslin. 

9. Lobelia crimson plain cotton satin. 

10. Lobelia crimson and other dyed cotton velvets. 

11. Silver dove, a new mineral colour, not liable to be 
injured by the influence of air or light. 

12. 13, and 14. Designs upon various shades of per- 
manent plain colour muslins. 

15. A demi-chintz upon muslin, in three varieties. 

16. A second design of the same class. 

17. A design upon white figured muslin, in three va- 
rieties. 

1 8. A second design of the same class. 

19. A chrysanthemum chintz upon cotton satin in two 
varieties. 

20. A bouquet chintz, in permanent colours, in two 
varieties; upon cotton satin. 

21. A moss-rose chintz, of similar class and materials. 

22. A rose-bud chintz, of the same class and material. 

23. WTiite sprigs upon black cotton washable satin. 

24. An Indian chintz, printed in penmment colour, 
upon Horrocks's long-cloth. 

25. A full chintz, also printe<l on the same. 

20, 27. Designs, showing Mercer's patent process for 
colours applied to machine printing. 

28, 29, and 30. Designs, pn>duced by the usual method 
of luacliine printing and the usual processes, in three 
varieties. 

.'U, .32, and 33. Designs, to show Mercer's patent pro- 
cess applieil to another style of machine printing. 

34, 35, and 3t3. Designs, to show the ordinary colours 
used in machine printing, in four varieties. 

37, 38, and 39. Designs in the floral style of machino 
printing, in two varietia-*. 

4U, 41, 42, and 43. Designs in the foliage style of ma- 
chine printing. 

44, 45, and 4»3. Floral designs in the same style. 

47. A bouquet chintz, u|>on silk material. 

48. The same design uiK)n silk, cotton, and wool, united, 
by Lightfoot's patent Duplin j)roces8. 

49. A buttertly chintz, upon the miino material, and by 
the same proce.«*s. 

5u. A ilesign, upon silk, in two varieties. 

51. A bunch of lilac, a design printe<l upon pure wool. 

52. The same d»»sign upon a cotton and wool mixed 
fabric, by Lightfoot's process. 

53. The same, upon cotton, silk, an«l wool united, also 
with same process. 



65G 



Class 18.— WOVEN, FELTED, AND LAID FABRICS, 

Areas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



[UmrcD 



54. A larger lilac bloasom design, printed upon pure 
silk. 

55. The same design upon cotton, silk, and wool, mixed 
fabric, by Lightfoot's process. 

56. A robe skirt of a graduated design, assisted by 
graduated rainbow printing upon pure silk. 

57. 58, and 59. The same design printed upon mixed 
fabrics, of cotton and wool, by Lightfoot's process. 

60. An Indian chintz, design upon pure wool. 

61. The same design upon mLied fabric of cotton and 
wool. 

62. A full chintz, effected by only two block printings, 
upon a mixed fabric of cotton and wool. 

[Formerly the application of coloured designs to fabrics 
of various kinds was entirely effected by what is called 
block-printing, and which, in fact, closely resembles type 
printing. A block of wood or metal, or a combination 
of both, being engraved with the pattern, received the 
colour by the ordinary means, and this was then trans- 
ferred by hand to the fabric. For every different colour 
a different block was required, and in complicated pat- 
terns, with many colours, the process was excessively 
tedious. It is, however, still largely employed where 
g^reat care in the application of the colour and sharpness 
of definition in the pattern is required, but block- 
printing can only be remunerative in the better descrip- 
tions of goods, as the infinitely more rapid and econo- 
mical process of cylinder printing has almost superseded 
it for the production of those of commoner kinds. — 
R. E.] 

39 Sale, John Nicholas, Manchester — Producer. 
Collection of shirtings, printed by machine. Collec- 
tion of cottons, printed by machine and block. 

Specimens of Irish linen, bleached, printed, and 
finished by the exhibitor. 

40 Bradwell & Adamb, Ardwick, Manchester — 

Producers and Designers. 
Printed velveteens, in different colours; design, a me- 
mento of the late Sir Robert Peel, Bart. 



41 Salis, Schwabe, & Co., Manchester — Producers. 

Printed cotton cambrics, or calicoes. Printed cotton 
muslins. 

42 Benecke, Willlam, & Co., Manchester — Producers. 
Printed calicoes, muslins, furnitures, and velvets; and 

^varps, after printing, manufactured by Thomas Knight 
& Co., Manchester. 

43 Andrews, W., & Co., Manchester — Producers. 
Specimens of dyed cotton velvet. 

44 Eesselxeter & Mellodew, 23 Cooper Street, 
Manchester — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Patent velvets and velveteens, partly manufactured of 
cotton, and partly of cotton warp and linen weft, dyed 
and padded, various colours, and finished in imitation of 
silk velvet. Cotton velvet and velveteen of the old moke. 



44a Andrews, Williams, & Co., Tipping Street, 
Ardivick, near Manchester — Producer. 
Specimens of Eesselmeyer and Mellodew's patent 
cotton velvet, as dyed by the exhibitors. 

45 WooDCHOFT, John, & Co., &i//ord— Printers. 

Velvet and velveteen. Cable cord. Fancy elastic 
hair cord. Beaverteens. Satintop. Diagonal tweed. 
Constitution cord. Fancy cut thickset cords, and tiU>by 
cord. — All grey as from the loom, and specimens of each 
printed in various patterns and colours. 

4G Qreenwood k Barnes, frteell Springs, Bacnp — Dyers. 

Fancy cotton muslins, dyed Turkey red; varying only 
in pattern. 



47 SinPSON & TouNO, FoxhUl Bcmk, Aeeringtm, and 23 

Mosley Street, Manchester — ^Producers. 

Bnlzarines, bareges, and mouaseline-de-laines, mixed 
fabrics, and muslins of cotton texture, in various com- 
binations of colourings; printed b^ machine. 

Cambrics in various combinations of colourings, in 
madder and steam-work, printed by machine. 

Cotton velvets, printed oy mabhma. 

48 Mercer, John, Acorington — Inyentor. 
Specimens of cotton cloth, printed, dyed, and in 

different stages of manufacture: prepared by a patent 
process. This patent consists in subjecting cotton, and 
other fibrous materials to the action of caustic soda of 
suitable strength and temperature, whereby the fibraa 
become contracted and fulled, converting thin and coana 
cloth into strong and fine ; at the same time givii^ 
greatly increased and improved powers of receiving colors 
in printing and dyeing, and also in making them mora 
permanent. 

49 MoNTEiTH, Henrt, &Co., 11 Oeorge Square, Olasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of Turkey red yams and cloths. 

IVinted handkerchief, garments, furnitures, scaria, and 
shawls, in Tiu>key red. 

Printed cotton handkerchiefs and shawls, in maddsr, 
indigo, and steam colours. 

49a Cairns, J., 9 CharhtU Street, MemchegUr^ 

Manufacturer. 
Fancy cotton muslins dyed Turkey red. 

50 M'Nair & Brand, Glasgow, and 23 Friday SL, Lomdm 

—Manufacturers. 
Printed shawls. Long and square woollen hhnoB, In- 
dian styles. Registered designs. 

51 Black, Jabies, & Co., Olasgow — Manufkotomm. 
Printed cambrics, muslins, mousaelinea-de-laineiy 

Bareges, and other fancy cotton, woollen, and silk fiibrica. 
The cloth is manufactured chiefly by power-loom, and by 
hand-loom weavers in the west of Scotland and north ot 
Ireland. 

52 GoURLiE, \Vm., & Son, 8 South Frederick 81,, Glasgm 

— Denigners and Printers. 
Printed muslins, on plain and fancy fsbrios, mannlac- 
tured for the home and foreign markets. The dahlia^ a 
patented colour. Designs registered by the exhilntors. 



53 Monteith, John, & Co., 51 Buchanan Street, Glasgow 

— Manufacturers. 
Printed muslins and jaconets. 

Printed mixed fabrics, — silk and wool, and cotton and 
wool. 

54 Kerr & McMillan, 44 Friday Street, and at 

G lasgote. — Manufactiu«rs. 
Two printed silk pocket-handkerchiefii, exhibited for 
fabric and design. 

55 CussoNS & Co., 51 Bunhill /?otr— Manufacturers. 
Cotton velvets, dyed and embossed by the exhibitMB, 

56 SnuLiNO, William, & Sons, Olasgow-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of Turkey -red dyeing and printings on ootton 
fabrics. 

56a Bbo>dI£, W., Asylum for the Blind, Glasgow — 

Producer. 

Specimens of work wrought by the female inmatasy 
under the direction of Miss Lamond : — 

Silk purses, long and round. Sofa and toilet cushiona. 
Polka jacket. Set of nine fruit mats; set of twelve dor- 
leys. Bread-basket cover. Smoking cape; pair of stock* 
ings. Babies' boots and carriage boots. 



KnCGDOM.] 



DYED AND PRINTED. 
Areas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



557 



A part of tbe Hoi j Scripturee (the Prophecy of Isaiah) 
in nused lettan, for the use of the hlind. 

Fire-bualid mAb, of first and second quality. --'Manu- 
bfCtured br the blind male inmates of the same insti- 
tation, under the direction of Mr. Semplo. 



Oi 



Ewnfo, Obb, & Co., Glasgow — Manufacturers. 

Three pieoes of Turkey-red full chinti furniture prints, 
printed hj blocks, exhibited for fiist and brilliant colour, 
and new st^le, with beauty of design and execution. 

Three pieces of Turkey-red chmtz prints, printed by 
cylinder marhine. 

Two pieces of Turkey-red chintz furnitures, combining 
fsstnssi snd brilliancy of colour with novelty of style 
■Dd beauty of design and execution. 

One piece of Tuikey-red handkerchief, printed by 
dischs t ya g- p resi and copperplate. 

One piece of Turkey-red handkerchief, printed by 
blocks. 

[Tinkey red, which is r epr es e nted so lai^ly in this ex- 
hibition in the hangings, banners, &c., is a dye derived, 
by a tedious process, from madder. It appears to have 
originated in India, but the art is now carried to great 
perfection by many continental dyers, and by the dyers 
and ealico-printsfs of this country. Peculiar circum- 
stances, whether in the manipulation or in the material 
doea not appear ascertained, have rendered different 
fcMalitkis and manufMrturers celebrated for the brilliancy 
of this dye.— R. £.] 

bS Walihaw, Johh, & Sons, North Bridge, JIalifax— 

Dyers and Producers. 
Specimens of variously dyed two-fold thirties, worsted 



59 Hitch, M., 47 High Street, Cowes, Isle of Wight— 

Producer. 

Hair, to show the effect of dye. 

WooU. fthowing different dyes applied without fire- 
Leat fur dying woold and woollen yam« (for weaving 
cVtth*, caq>eti*, nipj), and clothe when woven. 

H'^m, stained without the application of soda or pot- 
a<*b. t«> imitate tortoij«ii»hell, the stains not readily affected 
by damp or sea-air. 

Tl*« marone coloiin*, r>, r>, 7, and 8, were produced in 
i4 hoiiry, and by the application of fire-heat may he pro- 
♦J'jt"»-*1 in 15 minutes from the time of its leaving the 
n 'jun-'r'**. 



♦> ► Le LiEvaE. H., 8 (Vreluul Street, Mile Eiul Iload— 

Producer. 
S|iecimenj4 of bla<k-clyed Hilk. 

♦*1 JrtCaDAi.v, W. I)., r,o MiWm Street, Crij>plegatc — 

IVoducer. 
(.'■tl'jiire'l and Mack «[)ecimeni» of silk dyeing. 



»V2 ^'habot. Philip J., Sj >it'tl fields— Vroducer. 

>j»»-cinit.'ns of Kn^li^h fleecy and worsted yams, and 
iVrliii w*wil. cotton an<l linen yam.-* and Hkein-Hilkn, 
I^'ad'-in dyerl, in \-arious colours and Hliade«; scarlet and 
• r-.:;i*on in^rsun. 

Tlie c*/tt«»n and linen coloun* are from a new U5«e of 
a kxi* wn c«»lourin!; matter. The colourn from chicory 
hs*- »t prwfcnt "nlv a novelty. 

Th#* »}-tve are all from the dye-works of the producer, 
Sp.udnelils, L<»ud<tn. 



»'..i RinrN'OLDs. Sarah. & Son, Tcm/de Street, JLichnrn 

/.' "I'/ —Producers. 
Sj«pciineiii* of ^kein-rtilk dyeing. 

♦ . \x MAim, Sox. h. Co., Fridti/ Street, Clt'^apsidi — 

Manufacturers and IViutern. 
lYinted flaimcLi. 



64 McCalmtm, Government School of Design, Manchester, 

Panoramic history of the calico printing of Manches- 
ter, comprising specimens of the trade since its rise and 
during its progress to the present time, arranged in chro- 
nological order, and illustrated by views in and about 
Manchester. 

Designs with Classes 5 and 6 on the North Wall, 
Avenues 28, 29, and 30. 



64a Bbadburt, Oreatorex, & Beall, Aldermanburg — 

Producers. 
Specimens of wood cut printing for pocket-hand- 
kerchiefs. 

65 Carter, — , Designer. 
Designs for paper-hangings. 

66 Hudson, Charles, Merton, Surrey — ^Designer. 
Designs for printed shawls. 



67 Waterson, J. A., 22 Ormond Street, Chorlton-on- 

Medlock — Designer. 
Designs for printed muslins. 

68 Kay, Henrt, Ravrtenstall, Manchester — Designer. 
Designs for mousseline-de-laine and cotton muslin. 



69 Fletcher, John, Altrincham — Designer. 
Design, 11 colours, repeat of sketch, 11 inches by 

8 inches. 

A smaller design, 9 colours, repeat of sketch, 8 inches 
by 6 inches, intended for block work. 

70 Gauthorp, — , Designer. 
Design for ornamental panel. 



70a Green, Harrt, Melbury Park, Dorchester — Designer. 
Designs for printing on calico and mousselinc-de-laine. 

71 Hammerslet, J. A., Principal of the School of Design, 

ifunchester — Designer. 
Picture in oil colours, shoAvinp the principles upon 
which floral fonn.s are adapted to designs for textile fabrics; 
exhibiting a centi-al picture of a comfK)sition of flowei'S, 
imitated from nature, surrounded by 2<>0 geometrical 
spaces, each containing a sepai'ate design, and showing the 
mode of applying these flowers to manuftictures. 

[For textile fabrics, natund flowei*s have been repre- 
sented under conventional forms; so that, without de- 
parting from the original type, the chai-acter of de^sign 
ma}' not be j)ictorial. The patterns of Ejisttmi Chintzes 
are but f^mta-^tic imit.itions of flowers; and the pure taste 
of ancient Greece discju'ded from female dress all orna- 
ment but that of a flat chsmicter: whei*e bordei-s of the 
vine or i\'y-leaf, or of the honeysuckle, have been julojited, 
they are flat. The oriental Cachmere style, the stuffs 
and cju'pet.s of Persia and Turkey, the TaH^in of the 
Scot, the Arabesques of ancient Rome an<l Moorish de- 
conition, while admitting of everj' variety or beauty in 
design or colour, are examples of a flat, as opposed to a 
relieve<l, pictorial style of (»niament — R. Hi:.] 

72 Watkrhouse. Jonathan, M^nirhcaier — Pattern 

l)i.'si^U'r, 

Ornamental design for a dress skirt, aj»plicable for 
printing upon fabrics. 

('<»loure<l de-<igns, arnniged for sev* n-inrh rejM-at of 
sketch, a<laptod for machine printing on fabrics: Spring, 
represented by the snow-droj*; Summer. labunuim; 
Autumn, n;isturtitim; Winter, misletoe ; M<»niiiig and 
Evening, poppy. 

715 Pkrcival. Jomki'II, .lA/«'A«>7r/ — Designer. 

Designs for mousseline-de-laine. 



74 



Designii f«>r muslins. 



Cadman, — , Designer. 



558 



Clabs 18.— woven, felted, AND LAID FABRICS, DYED AND PRINTED. 

Areas L. M. N. 0. 2 to 5. 



76 Whittaker, Jabies, Manchester — ^Designer. 
Design for mufllin. 

77 Lenkon, Richard, Mancficster — Designor. 
Various designs for muslin. 

79 Bridgbb, — , Designer. 

Designs for printed fabrics. 

81 Roberts, T., JV>»/? Street, Altrincham — ^Designer. 

Six fiye-coloiir designs for mousseline-de-lame; with 
block-work enclosed in the same frame. 



82 Jarvies, — , Ifalrne, Manchester — Designer. 
Designs for printing. 

83 HoBBS, William, 33 Great Jackson Street, Jlulme— 

Designer. 
Design applicable for printed chintz furniture. 

84 Bramlet, — , Designer, 
Various designs. 

85 Rebb, Mary, School of Design, Somerset House — 

Designer. 
Designs in various colours. 

86 Collins, F., School of Desujn, Somerset House — 

Designer. 
Various coloured designs. 

87 AflHWORTH, S. A., Central Female Qoveminent School 

of Vesiijn — Designer. 
Various designs in colours. 



88 Mansbendel^ Fred., 63 Bread St,, City, ^^ Acton St., 

Qraifs Inn Road — Designer. 

Chintz furniture design, practically amnged for block 
printing. 

89 Smith, John, Sandiway, Altrincham, near Memchetter 

—Designer. 

Designs for a portiere, or doornMreen; and for machine 
and block printing on silk, mousaeline-de-laina, and 
cambric. 

90 Hitkt, J. C— Designer. 
Various designs. 



91 Heaviside, John, 30 Bedford Square — ^Designer. 

Designs fur China and papier machd. 

Designs for decorative paper and paper-hangings. 

Designs for cotton-prints, &o. 

92 OtiJOTER, 'hUkXUL, School of Design, MancKesUr — 

Designer. 
Designs for borders, in which natural objects are 
applied ornamentally; they may be used for wall pi^wn, 
carpets, or porcelain. 

93 Sandwat, — , Altrinoham—DeaagDar, 
Various designs. 



94 Oann, Louisa, School of Design, Somerset Hou9$ — 

Designer. 
Three coloured designs for mousseline-de-laine or 
calico. 




TAPSSTfiT, CARFETSi FLOOR-GLOTHS, LACE AKD EHBROIDERT && 



INTRODUCTION. 



SoKB of OeoUeotoiiieliiaad in tUaClMapnHnt, from their mnarkable diBpodtion in the Bofldii^ a Uf^j 
■ Itntil fa and mtoratnig mmoKanoe, nii{)raided &otn the ^rden orer the GBlleries, uid thni displayed to Um 
tat adnatag^ and under drcamatanoea the most highly nlonlated to devdc^ Qidr peculiar besntiM ; — the 
ywiiyw of catpets, (dl-<J<Ahi, and t^watiy mnat be conaideied aa oocnpying a very promineat Bpace in dia 

I'L- i< :: i^l'ij '~-\\~{ liws )invt :i |:1iwe under the general Class, incluuve of these and oHiei articles; — A. 
T>i*-xin, 11 I ir^Kis III ,ill kinilH. A\uiinaler, Bnuaela, EiddBnninstflr, fto., HattinK. OU-oloth, Coanterpanes, 
aaa >>nunwuiDl Taix.-Hlrv ui iliii<iMii Tutenals; B. Laos, as tillow-lace, made wholly hy hand, and HacUnB- 
wTMi^tlBoe; C. HewvA nu'l Li^ul' mad Maalms; D. ^jahKiieTj hj bxod and inschinety, and in diflerant 
■Htenals; R. Friugis, Til-si's, lV< ; 1'. Fancy and Industrial Wwks, 

In Uip Hiiilcliii^, objitiK ill I III- I lii-iaro placed i^ainat the wall in the Bonth Qellery, and ananged in oaMS 
in ili-^ '^iiti, (lilt :.! r.:i>lLi\ I II |K 1:4 and oil-dotha are mapended from the gitden in the Side and Cential 

'Iiill'-' I I- < ! I :;ii: East Side of the Transept. The carpets exhibited by Her Hajea^ the 

Qh^ are Diaoed oreihanging the comerneartbe'n*nsept of the North Central Gallery; of these, one is made 
ki Aa iHoal BMUier, and is intended for an uiartanent in Windsor Castle ; the other ia UtecomWedprodnctHn 
tt<m» hondred and fifty ladiea, and ia wroo^t in Berlin wool-work. 

"Bm wtaahtHaa of tapestry, sikIi aa caipets and oil-doth, and lace, is localiied in peculiar disttiots, ins 
miriaUs maaner ; EidaatBinster, Wilton, Glasgow, and H^az contMn extensiTe bctoiies solely eugi^ied 
fa A> pmluulion ol the varions deacriptiong of carpets in ordinary domestic use. The application of tiie power- 
loom to the carpet manufacture is recent, and its use is extending. A )nt!at variety of combination of materials 



i> exhibited, many of which indicate a remarkable departure from the ordinary method of manufacturing 






ring carpeta 
a ground or 



and similar objects. One of these is a species of mosaic tapestry where the c 
foundation of caoutchouc. 

"nie lace productions of Honiton and Buckinghamshire have long attained universal renown. These laces are 
chiefly wmufcht by hand at tbo homes of the persons concerned in tlieir manufacture ; but recently a combina- 
tion of*machiue-tnade lace and pillow-made ornament has been introduced under the title of "appliqude lace." 
Tbe machine lace of Nottingham has scarcely an inferior d^rce of celebrity : in that town factories are in 
almost ooostant work producing, by the aid of a large number of the most delicate and costly automatic engines, 
this slender fabric. In a preceding Class these machines are described, and ore eihibiled in motion in another 
part of tbe Building. In tbo South Central Gallery are some beautiful sjiecimcns of the intricate and elegant 
ornamentation capable of being imparled by these machines. Of the lace made by hand various interesting 
apedmens are shown which represent much patient eGbrt in the iuBtniction of tbe poor in this art, and conslder- 



eofd. ^ 

Wotka which have occupied the unwearied producers during tho leisure hours of a 
Itis Claaa, and display a largo amount of industrial pciaeverance. — B. £. 



years are cxhiUted in 



I, DainxL, 81 Oxford Strxel — Honufiuturar. 
ID of Honiton lace, representing thearms of Her 
liberty tbe Queen mad H.K.U. Prince Albert, encircled 
with wreaths of [slm uid olive branchee, around which 
the nee, thiitle. uiil ■hamrock are eetwined, and the 
whole enelowd in a border of oak. Designed b; T. 
SiBrp, and manuhctared by Jobs Tucker. 

Hetnton nipur* mantle. Bridal bcbtT and rich flounce 
ia Hoaitaa Uce ; the pattern composed of natural flowers. 

Honitan ahawl. Honilon Euipure flounce. Flounce 
of point d'Angleterre, worked in Imitation of Brussels 

Bstbe, handkerchief, eoiBiite, infant's cap and collar 
cf HocDtoB laoe. 

Embtet^ery as a apKimeD deaipi, for making ladi«' 



2 PiSHElt ft RoBlKSON, 12 Wallmg Street— 

UaaufacturciB. 

Various BAmplcB of black silk Uce and piece gooila, 
BCarfs, lapueta, half Hbawls, lacea, footiDKa, loop neta, 
white blonde maobine-rnn curtains, white tambour fluwer- 
ringii, black needlework, quiltinge, and not4. 

3 GbuL'coo, Copestabe, Moore, ft Co., 5 Bow 

Ch urchi/nrJ— Man uf actu rera , 

Honiton work point lace, i^ipiirc lierthea, lappets, &e. 

Embroidered mualin sleeves, collrim, chemisettes, mui- 
lin trimmings, infants' capB, and child's frocks. 

Buckinghamshire lace. 

lAce pillow, with lace in progress, employing upwards 
of 600 bobbiiiB, each having a seponite thread. 

Specimen of lace net for mosi}uito ourtaina, manu&c- 



U iLLOSraATED ClTALOOtnt.] 



2 X 



560 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallery. 



[United 



tured of cotton thread ; and for tho application of 
Brussels and Honiton sprigs, nianu£Eu;tured from cotton 
thread. 

Needlework imitation Brussels x>oint lace, viz. : a dress 
and train, a scarf, berthe, and lap|>et. 

Victoria prima point lace. 

[Few departments of ornamental industry have ex- 
perienced so many vicissitudes, in consequence of the in- 
troduction of mechanical power, as that of the lace manu- 
facture. The lace of Honiton, in Devon, has long rivalled 
the most beautiful and costly protluctiona of the Continent. 
At one period during the last war, veils of Honiton laco 
sold for very large sums, as much as 100 guineas having 
been paid for fine 8x>ecimens. Honiton lace is entirely 
made on the pillow by liand labour.] 



4 liAMBERT & Bury, Limerick, Irelaml — Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of lace; shaded lace floimcc; shawl; and 
worked scarf, in imitation of Valenciennes ; shaded tunic 
lace dress. 

5 Howell, James, & Co., 5, 7, & 9 Regent Street — 

Producers. 

Honiton lace, square in guipure. 

Honiton guipure lace mantle and berthe. 

British point lace berthe, manufactured at Islington, 
being an imitation of the Brussels point h I'aiguille. 

'Wnite glacd silk dress, embroidered with bouquets 
of flowers, and silk apron to correspond, as specimens 
of English needlework. 

Brocaded silk in various colours, forty inches wide, 
manufactured in Spitalfields. 



6 Weedon, Francis, Goldsmith Street, City — 

Manufacturer. 
British point lace square, and specimens of flouncing 
of the same fabric. 



8 Nerinckx, Sisters, 10 New Cavendish Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of lace. 



10 Laugher & Cosens, 97 Oxford Street — 

Proprietors. 
Guipure lace half shawl, manufactured at Honiton. 



11 Weedon, Frederick Price, 29 Ijover Street— 

Isl^ngten — Designer and Maimfocturer. 

A lace berthe of the description of work designated 
British point. 

12 Pullan, Matilda, 126 Albany Street, IlegenVs Park 

— Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 

Modem point lace, worked with a common sewing 
needle. 

13 Tawell, Samuel, 10 Grcsham Street West^ 

Manufacturer. 
Tamboured lace scarf, imitation of Honiton, manu- 
factured in London. 



14 



Gould, J. & P., 89 WatUnj Street— 
Manufacturers. 
Registered Victoria lace work, in la<lie8' collars, cuffs, 
capes, sleeves, caps, and trimming for laclies* wearing ap- 
parel. Proiluced entirely by hand. 



15 Uruno, George Frederick, 224 Rejent Street— 

Manufacturer. 
White laco scarf, m imitation of Brussels pomt, 
comiKwed of British plants and flowers in needlework'; 
the date, 1851, encircled with the rose, thistle, and 
shamrock ; the straight lines of the bonier embroidered 
in gold, and worked upon a fine clear patent net. 



16 Gard, William Snowdon, 268 Regent Street — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
British point lace scarf. 
British guipure lace berthe, a new mannfjtrtnre. 

1 7 BsEOO de la Branchardiere, Eleokorb, 1 06 New 

Bond Street — Inventor and Manufistctorer. 

Crochet work, lace berthe; design, rose, shamrock, and 
thistle; the same, with rose, carnation, &c. Robe, me- 
dallions. Altar cloth. Couvrette, flowers. Collars, 
various. 

Flounce, imitation of Spanish point laoe. Initial letters 
in silk, flowers. Vase, flowers, butterfly and snake. Cor- 
nucopias. Baby's cap. 

Design, in silk and gold, for Prayer-book covers. Pair 
of hand screens, appUqud. Specimens of point, and of 
point laoe. 

The value of this branch of needlework laoe is its dura- 
bility, and the facility with which it can be acquired and 
executed. The designs are registered. 

18 Clarke, J JLsi£, \70 Regent Street — Manufacturer. 
Royal Irish snow point lappet. 

Head dress of Irish rose point. 

Scarf of Belfiut loop point. 

Chalice cover of Irish point. 

An Irish lace flounce, with point roses. 

Hibernian point collar. 

A pocket handkerchief of Irish laoe. 

19 Ball, Dunnicliffe, & Co., Nottingham — 

Manufacturers. 

Patent elastic velvet, plain and mixed pile; mlk elastic 
taffeta, silk elastic fleeced taffeta, elastic fabrics, and 
Simla shawls ; all from warp-lace machine. Designed by 
John Wilkins. 

Lace shawls. Simla nets, falls, quillings, and fancy 
breadths, from bobbin-net machine. 



20 BiRKiN, Richard, Nottitujham — Manafactnrer. 
Black silk lace edgings, trimming laces, lappets, flounces, 

falls, fancy piece-nets, &c. 

White silk blondes. 

Woven thread laces and edgings. 

White Valenciennes edgings. 

An exact imitation of n^ Valenciennes-insertion, black 
and coloured. 

Mohair laces and floimces. 

Guipure h dentelle. 

All made and ornamented by machinery, at one 
operation. 

21 Adams, Sam., & Sons, Nottingham — Manufiu^turera. 
Laces and edgings, made entirely by machinery. 

25 Heymann & Alexander, Nottingham — ^Ptoprietora. 

Machine-wrought cotton lace curtains, with raised pat- 
tern; counter{)anes ; "antimacassars." 

Cotton extra twist Bnissels net, made of fine thivad, 
various kinds, tised for Brussels sprig. 

Zephyr not, used for ombroidery. 

Mechlin net, the mesh l>eing the same as that made by 
hand, and cotton Brussels quillings, various. 

Block silk Jacquard lace, made and finished entirely in 
the machine. 

Silk Jacquard shawl, made entirely in tho machine. 

27 Waitlock & Billiard, If'iry Qate, Noitingkam— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of machine-wrought cotton Mechlin laces, 
necille embroiderc<l. The groundwork made from No. 
520 yam, spun and doubled. 



28 



Herbert, Thomas, & Co., Nottingham— 
Manufacturers. 
Lace of various kinds from the vtiirp machine. 
Crochet lace from the warp and twist macliine. 
Blond edgings, from tho twist machine. 



KlKODOM.] 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &o. 
South Central Gallery. 



561 



29 Mallft & Barton, Kottingham, and New Basford — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of silk lace, machine-wrought; silk lace, part 
machine and part needle- wrought; silk lace fringes, ma- 
chine-wrought; cotton plat, or imitation Valenciennes; 
cotton laoea, part machine and part hand-wrought; and 
fancy lace trimmings, machine-wrought. 

30 HoLLiMS, Samuel, Nottiwjham — lianufacturer. 
Lace goods: — Machine-made cotton Brussels nets and 

laces, figured by the needle. 
Various hosiery goods. 

31 MooBE^ Samuel Weston, Hockley Mill, Nottingham — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of lace and net made from No. 520 lace 
thread, and of plain net, made from No. 630 thread. 

[The application of machinery to the production of 
lace is rery remarkable and interesting, as probably few 
introductions of machinery to textile manufactures pro- 
duced 80 sudden an alteration on the expiration of the 
patent protecting it, in the ordinary course of fabrication. 
The bobbin-net machine was invented in 1809 ; it came 
into general use in 1823, and an immense stimulus was 
communicated to the manufacture. The powers of pro- 
duction of this machine are to hand labour nearly as 
30,000 to 5, and the lace produced by it has, in plain 
article*, wholly superseded that made by hand. — R. £.] 



32 Reckless & Hioujng, Nottingham — ^Manufacturers. 

Embroidered white lace flounces, falls, scarfs, shawls, 
berthes, &c. 

Black lace floimces of all widths, falls, scarfs, shawls, 
berthes, lappets, coiffures, &c., partly embroidered by 
machinery (on the Jacquard principle), and partly by 
hand. 



33 ViGUBS, WiLLAiM, Nottingham — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of black silk lace shawls, scarfs, mantles, 

fuUf*. Ac, the produce of the puwher bobbin-net machine; 
the outline introduced by subsecjuent embroidery. 

34 Oreaslet & HopcRoFT, Xottinijham — Manufacturers. 

Lace a^ticlt•^^. Jacquanl pusher ailk shawl. Figured 
nec»llework -iluiwls, falls, &c. 



41 Stebgmaxn, Henry, & Co., X<>ttltu)h<iin — Inventors 

and Munufacturei-s. 
Fifi^ired lace-curtiuns, mivde entirely on the hicc machine 
by Jac^iuard application. 



4.'» FoRRjyT & Sons. I'.il Grafton Street, D'if'lin, and 
.IVw';/ Cimrt F'trfun/, Limciuc': — ManufacturiTM. 

Lac<T»: Royal Irish i^iipui-e, Iiwh applitpid; Limerick; 
I'LiVi-k: and black appliqn^. 

I-ice drm<-*os. tlouucin^s, sqtiares, scarfs, mantles, 
|»>IkaM. veils, berthes, han<lk«M-chiffs, sleeves, baby's 
r"l«i«, robings, lappets, lace collars, &c. 



17 Vfci5Ciii, Alexander Mary .Joseph, 21 Grc^illf Street, 
U'tttun <iitril''ti — Munufiuturor. 

Artiticiiil floWfi-s in wiHil. Kisket in jxircelain, contnin- 
inir a vjx^ii variety of wcjoUen tlown-rf. Cane baskrt. 
••'•utAiuin:; a piece of ^x-cn turf with llowei-s. Rustic 
♦ •.-•--ket of thiWfrs. 

I^r'je pitve of the **f^»en tuif." Application of 
th-- •* jrr«xrn turf," «jr ;» /W« /v<', to a sniall caqjet or r\v^. 
Mft.il d'»wer-i»«)tH, filleil with woollen lluwors, with 
-1. mK-««. 

4** Jantowski, W., V-nk — Desi^qirr and Mann facttirer. 

St.it.- ch lir, of rubv coloure<l f<ilk velvet, enihr<'i«li'i»vl 
with ir"ld, i«iIv».T, and jewels, containing;, on tlieback. tlu* 
r^'VAl arms*, aupporttis, ncroll and motto, with wreath of 
tl"W»T«, in which the r<»>H« h*aves are raise<l aiul dit^icln <1 



from the surface; and on the seat the coronet, feathers, 
scroll, and motto of the Prince of Wales, surrounded by 
the rose, thistle, and shamrock, exhibiting ten different 
styles of embroidery: the frame of the chair is of carved 
wood, gilt. 

Banner screen, containing the arms of the city of York, 
embroidered in gold, silver, and silk, upon pale and 
blue satin, and mounted on a carved gilt stand. 

Picture, 18 inches by 12, copied from a German paint- 
ing, embroidered in tent stitch with silk, on mosaic 
canvas. 

49 Davies, Mrs. R. E., 29 ITarexcood Square, Regcnfs 
Park — Designer and Executor. 
Set of chess-men, draught-men, dice, and board in 
needlework, the men being in characteristic costume; 
comiKwed of silks, &c. The jiawns are representations of 
Her Majesty's Body Guard of Gentlemen -at- Arms, in their 
full and undress uniform. Designed and executed by 
the exhibitor. 

60 Rose, Elizabeth, Pa^jUer's Pwy, near Towcester — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
Full-sized black lace dress. Shawl. Scarf shawl. 
Veil. Berthe, made of black pillow lace. 



51 Mee, Cornelia, Jhith — Inventor, Designer, and 

Manufacturer. 

Banner screen. The banner composed of the flags of 
all nations, embroidered in fine silks, held by a figure of 
Peace, modelled from Canova's statue. The figure leans 
on a pedestal, and with the right hand points to the 
epoch of the Exhibition with an olive branch. 

Couch, moimted in white and gold, embroidered in 
rare natural flowers. 

Occasional chairs, embroidered on velvet, and mounted 
with white and gold. 

Curtains, embroidered on white Cachemire and stripes 
of crimson Genoa velvet, in uncommon and beautiful 
flowers from nature. 

Cushions, embroidered in shells, from nature. 

These specimens arc exhibited to show the appliciition 
of needlework to the decoration of furniture. Tlio 
needlework of most of the articles is done from flowei-s, 
minutely copied from Paxton's Magazine of Botany. 

53 O'DoxNELL, Mary, 09 London Street, FemJitoj, and 
18 S't:>sex Plitee, Kcnsimjlvn — Designer and Manu- 
fiwturer. 

Specimens of a new and improved method of appliqud 
lace-work, original design. Section of the same. 

lilotting-hook, ornamented with leather W(»rk on an 
ultram;u"ine ground, intertwining the emblems of Great 
Brit^iin, surmounted by the Prince of Wales's plume and 
motto. 

Articlesof ormuiient in guttapercha, leather, and fancy 

WO()«l. 

Hand-screens in gilt frames. New application of 
stam|KMl gutta i>ercha. I^eservcd real Howers and em- 

broiderv. 

(,'heval screen, a pe;icock emhroiilered in wool. 
Codar V>ox, ornamenti'd with carving. 
Ultramarine box, ornamented with lenthfr work. 
Conversation hand-screens. Educational hand-screens. 
CountiiTiane, of new pattern. 



r).-) TrEADWIN, C. K.. J; C't/>e.fr.,l y.inl, Kntrr — 

Manufjicturt'r. 
Devonshire, or Iloniton. j>< tint -lact; flounce, bortlie, nnd 
la])pet; de>»igns jinx-ured from the (Jovernnu'nt School of 
Design, SoniL-rsct Hous*', London. 

5»*» Onion, Ei.izauktii, .".>^ />.■■> '.I ytr,- f, JUriniinjh.nn — 

Manufacturer. 
Vrlvrt dra|M'ry vidanrc, worked with gold nilk braid, 
on <lark crinnon velvet ^'round, (Mii;iinent«'<l with tii>-*rl."<, 
dn)ps, an<l frim^«*,--N»\v design. 

(.'rims<)n \alance frin'.<t% in silk an<l worsted, onia- 
menteil with h.vii;/»T-<. N w diMpcrv ro|>c\ rofM>ttes :iinl 

J X J 



562 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallery. 



[Ukitkd 



festoooB, in crimfion, gold, and white silk. New diamond 
Valance fringe, in silk, ornamented with gimp head, 
hangers, rosettes, gimp ornaments, &c. Restored bell 
lever ornaments. 

Curtain holder, with one tassel and two pendants, in 
crimson, white, and gold. 

Ornaments for valances, in a variety of colours and 
designs. New patterns of coach and railway carriage lace. 

Patterns of glass string, giiard string, and other car- 
riage trimmings. 

67 Brown, Sharpe, & Co., Paisley, and 18 Watlitig 
Street, L<mdon — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered and tamboured book muslin dresses. 

Embroidered scollop and insertion trimmings, flounces, 
collars, habit-shirts, chemisettes, sleeves, pincushion 
covers, handkerchiefs, and night-caps. 



58 Brown, S. R & T., Olnsgow — ^Manufacturers. 
Specimens of muslins embroidered by the female 

peasantry of Scotland and the North and West of Ireland, 
consisting of ladies' and children's dresses, collars, cax>s, 
chemisettes, habit shirts, trimmings, &c. 

59 Park & Thomson, Olasfjow — Manufacturers. 

Children's sewed robes; ladies' collars, sleeves, hand- 
kerchiefs, fancy habits, chemisettes. 

Cambric and book flouncings; sewed trimmings. 

60 Macarthur, D., & Co., Glasgow — Manufacturers. 

Hamilton lace goods. White dress; black drensos; 
coloured dress; black cloak or mantilla ; white cujks; 
black cax)e; veils; {Murs of sleeves. 

61 CoNNADGHT ScnooM, GImqow — Produccrs. 
Specimens of sewed muslin. 

62 RoHERTSON, John, & Sons, Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 
Sewed book-muslin and cambric squares for fancy 
covers for the drawing-room table. 
Specimens of embroidery. 
Samples of collars, habit-shirts, chemisettes, &c. 

63 MTarlanb & PoRTEUS, 33 Queen Street, Glasgow 

— Manufacturers . 

Specimens of embroidered black and white muslin 
collars, chemisettes, habit-shirts, and sleeves for mourning. 

Black silk lace veils, black and white lace clonks, and 
black lace flounced embroidered robe skirt, exhibited for 
superiority of work. 

64 Brown, H., 100 & 104 Virguwi Place, Glasgow^ 

Manufacturer. 
Sewed book muslin collars ; imitation cambric or jaconet 
collars; frilled chemisettes, on book muslin; fancy habits; 
three pair of sleeves or cuffs; four cambric handkerchiefs, 
embroidered on French lawn ; embroidered book muslin 
dresses ; patterns of book and cambric scollop, and inser- 
tion triumiings and flounces. 

65 MacQuarie, Fisher, & Co., Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 
Black silk lace shawl, veil, and apron. 
White cotton and linen lace dress. 
White silk and gold under sleeves. 
Coloured silk and gold apron and parasol cover. 



(j(S 



Macdonald, D. & J., & Co., Glasgow — 
Manufacturers. 
Ehnbroidery on book muslin. Ladies' collam, chemi- 
settes ; habits, caps, &c. Child's caps and collars. 
Embroidery on jaconet and cambric; ladies' collars, 
chemisettes, sleeves, caps, 8cc. 

Embroidered French cambric: ladies' handkerchiefs, 
child's caps. Embroidere<l baby linen : infants' robes, 
bodies, and caps; child's frocks, &c. Embroidered trim- 



mings; jaconet and book edgings and insertions; cambric, 
book, and mull flounces. 

67 Simpson, Mius, 5 AUermanbwry Postern, 4 

MUk Street, Manchester, Leek, and Derbif — 
Manufacturer. 

Specimens of the leading classes of nw silks, from 
France, Italy, China^ Ben^, and Turkey, selected by 
Messrs. Durant & Co. 

Sewing, netting silk, and twist, intended to show the 
varieties of quality, their richness and beauty of colour. 

Sewing, nettmg silk and twist. 

Raven and jet sovings, in weight and form as sold in 
the market, of four qualities. 

Crochet and mohair silk, exhibited for quality and 
price. 

Shoe mercery, consisting of silk and union galloona, 
doubles, braids, and round silk laces, yellow and black 
borders, 8cc. Specimens of union cord. 

[In 1849 the enormous quantity of 6,269,179 lbs. of 
silk in its several conditions of raw, waste, and thrown, 
was imported into this countiy. The manufiicture em- 
ploys upwards of 33,000 individuals, and is carried on 
in nearly 300 silk factories. The sum annually expended 
on silk goods in England is taken at considerably upwards 
of fifteen millions annually. — ^R. E.] 

68 Foot & Sons, 38 Spital Square — Manufiictorera. 

Various fringes, elastic ribbon trimming, &c. 

Rich dress or mantle fringe, with figured velvet, terry, 
and brocade lace heading, a combination of velvet and 
brocading, with the various branches of art used in trim- 
ming manufactm^. 

69 Arthur, Ann, 5 Mortimer Street, Cavendish Sqture 

— ManufEUJturer. 
Silk, worsted, and cotton braids for figuring. Silk, 
worsted, and cotton fancy netted buttons. Silk fringes 
for ladies' mantles; gimps for children's dresses; girdles 
and tassels. Silk and cotton olivets. Silk military 
braids and frogs. 

70 Gabriel, J. W., 135 Ilegcnt Street — Manu&cturer. 

Specimens of English embroidery, on silk and woollen 
goods for waistcoats. 

71 Danby, Ch.uiles & Thomas, 14 Coventry Street, 

and 43 Ncto Bond Street — Manufacturers. 

Crochet silk gimp robing, resembling the rose leaves 
and flowers, with buds, and made in the natural colours. 

Various specimens of a Brandenbui^gh crochet silk gimp 
trimming, ladies' dresses; of girdles, in various coIourB 
and styles; and of silk fringes, for mantles, dresses, ke,, 
of various new designs. 

Specimen of a new style of head-dress, formed of crochet, 
silk gimp rings, and tassels of new design, and of various 
articles for ladies* dresses. 



72 



Bradbee, O. W., 115 Newgate Street — 
Manufacturer. 

Needlework. Tapestr}' worked by Mrs. James Marsh, 
Lordship Road, Stoke Newington. Liandseer^s Horses at 
the Fountain. The Hawking Party. Anne Boleyn and 
Cardinal Wolsey. The Moral Lesson. The Monk. The 
Hawk. 

A group of flowers, mounted as table or screen, the 
stem ornamented with flowers, &c., made of leather. 

A bird mounted as above, the stem covered with tram 
silk by hand and wheel. 

New fringes, for sacred edifices and rooms. 

Patterns, gimps, tassels, dress trimmings, &c. 

74 Evans, R., & Co., 24 Wutling Street^ 

Manufacturers. 
Cornice, bullion, and silk ornament fringe. Boll-pulls. 
Curtain-holders. Silk cords, gimps, tassels, and rosettes. 



KlVODOM.j 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Central Gallery. 



563 



Articlas OMd for trimming ladies' and children's dresses 
and mantles. 

75 Bdbgh, Robert, 42 Bartholomew Cloae— 

Manufacturer. 

SpednMn of deep bullion fringe, wove to shape, trimmed, 
and ornamented for window, with cornice gimp attached. 
Valanoe for window. 

Specimens of ornamental hangers, drops, pendants, 
fringes, ropes, ^[imps, cords, and tassels for drapery, &c. 
Rosette medallions. Ornamental watch hooks for beds, 
4e. 

76 Babbett k Cornet, 70 Littie Brit'tm — ^Manufacturers. 
Bsrs of silTer-gilt and silver wire. Wire-drawing plates 

with holes. Hwoks and bobbins of gold and silver fine 
wire. Qold plates, or flattened wire, used in headmgs of 
Laoosahire cloths, Scotch muslins, &c. Qold and sUver 
plates, used in spnning gold and silver threads, 
of Italian, 



Bengiil, and China raw and thrown 
nlka. The same, dyed to colours used in gold and silver 
threads. 

An assortment of gold and silver threads, used in the 
manoCKture of laces, embroidery, and epaulettes; also in 
l**i*<*"^ of cloths and muslins; of gold and silver bul- 
Uons, used for military and naval sword knots, epau- 
lettes, taasels, &c. ; of gold and silver purls, plates, and 
spam^es, used in embroidery; and of gold and silver 
^ords, braids, and (pmps, used for aguilettes, epaulette 
crescents, &c. 

Qold and silver laces. 

Fine specimen of embroidery in gold threads, purls, 
plates, and spangles. Designed and worked bv Rebecca 
AbnJiam, embroiderer to the Queen, 5 Lisle Street, 
Leieaster Square. 

77 Ibhh Work Society, 233 Regent Street — Producers. 

ShawU osps, and other specimens of Curroh lace, imi- 
tation of BruiiselB. Specimen of black appliqud lace. 
Bertha, trinuning, l^pets, caps, and other Rpecimens of 
guinure crochet. Trimming and collars of real guipure, 
made from old models. 

Lej^hora and Tut^c.m plait, ma<le from Irish grasseg, 
oLtii a bat of the ariDic, and H{K.'cimenH of ritniw plait. 

Si»ecinienH of cruchet from Donegal and other localities, 
aj'plicstble for dre*»i« or funiiture. 

TabinetM <»r jM)pliurt, from Mi*«. Moran, Du))lin. 

lilnik an I white pillow lace, made under the direction 
of I^uly L«»uitia Tij^he. 

Miiltem; lace, mwle at the Cuinelite convent, Water- 
f..H. 

Kme knittinj^, from varioiw localities. 

lii.kck silk mittens, knitted tuid netted. 

(.:Li]d'i) fn»ck, braid imitiition of guipure. 

<1iild*i« friK-k, cruchet guipure. 

H'»unce ainl trimmiu'^, imitition guipure. 

S|»*:vim«'iis of enil»n)idery, worked <i" ''/'/;«'•, fnnn Mid- 
dk-t<>n c«»nvent, and Mrs. O'Donovan, of Cloiuikilty. 

Si-^iuKTw of embroider}' from the county Kerry, Mi-s. 
N.ijHT. of ly»ugherew, and other localities. 

Sjn?i.imens of plain wt>rk from liiillymena and the 
c»»«inty Kerry. 

S|»<iimeni«' of woven cotton liosierj-, manufactured by 
M'M.^n*. Smyth, of lialbriggjm, an<l M Lower Abbey Street, 

M-it* of Irijih wo^l, from Carbury, county Kildare. 
S|*cimeiw of featiier llowors, from the Youghal con- 
v» nt. 

Hiir chains and bnicelets. 

.*i[*^-im#*u-« of trimminirs in hnxlerie Anglaiao. 

Fi'»werrt and feath»M-s fr<»m the convent of Youglial, &c. 

7*^ <'lark. J., .V; Hifh Stnrt, ///M/Z/r./— Producor. 
T.il'l<?-i;loth embroidered with throiul on crimflon 



7'.* Lr.W. IU)BF»T. 8c Co., W; h'irv/ Strrrt, Cc tj>^il\ 

- Manuf.uturers. 
lY.uttd moluiir tai^.'.-itry. IMain, embos.«*ed, and sha<le<l 
Um-cht mohair velvet. Plain and brucodod mohiiir 



velvets. Printed Chinese velvets of mohair. Livery and 
other mohair and worsted plushes. 



80 Sdbb, Joseph, k Son, 12 King Street, Cheapeide— 

Manufacturers. 
Silk twist of different colours, in balls and on reels, 
and in hanks and skeins. Manufeu^ured at Leek, in 
Staffordshire. 

81 Hart, George, 7 Market Street, May Fair — 

Inventor and Manu&cturer. 
Registered boxes, candlesticks, ornaments, hand- 
screens, and designs for table tops. The novelty consists 
in the application of muslin and cotton for this purpose. 
The materials of British manufacture. 



82 Smith, Anderson, & Co., 45 Chenpside, and 19 Soitth 

JTanover Street, Glasgow — Producers. 
Infant's cap, embroidered on French cambric; infant's 
robe, embroidered on fine nainzook; infant's bassinette 
cover, embroidered on fine nainzook. 

83 Lambert, Brown, & Patrick, 236 Regent Street— 

Manufacturers. 
Army and navy opaiilettes, and uniform laces. Coiu^- 
dreas waistcoats, richly embroidered. Masonic regalia. 
Church decorations, embroidered in gold. Cross, with 
crown of thorns, I.H.S., and glory. Fac-simile of the 
Bible used by King Charles I., when upon the scaffold on 
the day of his martyrdom ; the cover embroidered in 
gold with all its enrichments, copied from Smith's 
" Collectanea Antiqua." 

84 Jackson, C, 10 Curzon Street, Mayfair — Producer. 

An occasional table, moimted with appliquee em- 
broidery. 

85 Harrison, T., 21 Brownlow Street, Bedford Rotr, 

and 8 Bolton Place, Brompton^Desigaor and 
Manufactui*er. 
Altar cloth and cuflhicms, of rich crimson Genoa velvet, 
embroidered in gold, in the style of the 1 5th century. 



80 Stikunc, Mahy Annk, 20 John Street, Bedford Jiow 
— Derfigner imd Manufiicturer. 
A fire-screen worked in chenille, &c., forming an orna- 
mental group of flowers. 

88 PcRCELL, Frances, :\ Neir Burlington Street — 

Producer. 
A needle-worked table-cover. 



DO Sturmv, Maria, 8 WcUinijtt.n Street, London BruLje — 

Designer. 
Table-cover, a novel method of embroiderj', workeil 
with the needle, and without patttini of any sort. 

04 Barnard, Evkiiki.da, LUth- B<ir<lpeld Rictort/, 

if'iir Ifinttiiotr — Manufacturer. 
Two figures in IJerUn wool work, intended for the pur- 
pose of keeping door>< open. 

05 Barnf», U. Y., Cit>/ lioii'l — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of dec<»nitive floor cloth. 

00 BATTER8, Martha, Ii->s4'-hill Tcmice, Brighton — 

I )e8igii('r. 
Picture in tajx'stry, repn-sentiug (in me«LUlion style) 
Louis XVIII. an«l George III. 

07 Paynes, Hachkl A<;nes, ('hmhuut, Herts, n4!ar 
}Vtilth'tm Cross — Inventor. 
Knitting deHigns: In the centre the Qtieen, Prince 
Albert, the Royal Family, and the Dtjke of Wrlliiijrton ; 
around the circle ** (i.>d rt.ive the C^ueen;" with other 



dc *igns. 



504 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Cbstbal Galleby. " 



[Ukited 



100 Benbow, Mrs., 11 Hanoter Place, Regents Park 

— Producer. 
Three Bpecimens of tapestry embroideiy, after the 
ancient Saxon style; designs scripturaL 

102 Bessemer, Elizabeth, 9 Judd Street — ^Producer. 

Landscape on silk, embroidered in a new style, and 
suitable for a screen. 



103 Blackburn, Ann Maria, Beaumont Hill, Lmodn 

— ^Manufacturer. 

North-west view of Lincoln Cathedral, worked upon 
white silk, with the rovings of black lutestring, and 
manufacturer's silk. 

The frame is made of old oak, taken from the Cathe- 
dral. 

106 Bottom, James, 65 Brook Street, Derby — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
A hearth-rug, with the border and ends formed of up- 
wards of 20,000 shreds of cloth, and the centre of lamb's 
wool. 

108 Bridges, W., Emham, near Oxford — Producer. 

Tapestry wool-work, '* The Last Supper," after Leon- 
ardo da Vinci, containing five hundred thousand stitches. 

110 Brinton, Henry, & Sons, Kidderminster — 

Manufacturers. 
Carpets of various kinds : — Patent velvet tapostiy, scroll 
and flowers; white ground, flowers and leaves; cut pile, 
or super-Wilton, group of flowers and foliage in self- 
colours; dark ground, scroll and foliiigo; white ground, 
chintz, all registered designs. Patent Axminster velvet 
rugs. 

111 Rogers, — , Wilton, Wilts — Producer. 
S|)ecimen of embroidery — '* Esther and Mordocai." 

112 Wilson, Charlotte, Guildfiall, Broad Sanctuary, 

Westminster — Designer. 
Netted quilt or coverlid for summer use. 

113 Brooks, E., 2 Chester Place, Kcnninjton — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen of embroidery, descriptive of English history, 
exhibiting, in the centre, the royal arms; at the top, Her 
Majesty's initials and crown; on the right, those of H.R.H. 
Prince Albert; and on the left, the badge and initLiIs of 
H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. At the foot, the ancient harp 
of Ireland. The pomegranate refers to Catherine of Arragon. 
The trunk of a tree torn up by the roots was the badge 
of Edward III. and his son Edward the Black Prince, and 
alludes to his name, Ekiward of Woodstock. The port- 
cullis and fleur-de-lis were badges of the Tudors. The 
rose on the sun a favorite badge of the l*lantagenet8. The 
oiHjn and empty pea shell the ba^lgo of Richard II. The 
feathers crossed the badge of Henry VI. The dragon was 
the celebrated ensign of Cadwallader, last king of the an- 
cient Britons, and now the badge of Wales. At the bot- 
tom the white horse of Saxony, the most ancient ensign 
of the House of Brunswick. 



114 Brown, M'Laren, & Co., Kilmoi-nock, Scotland — 

Mfuiufacturers. 
Velvet-pile carpeting; imiHjrial three-ply carpeting; 
Kidderminster superfine carpeting. 

115 Bright, J., & Co., 22 Neic Broicn Street, Manchester, 

and 20 Skinner Street — Manufacturers. 
Patent velvet-pile and Brussels carpets and tapestries 
for curtains, portieres, coverings for furniture, &c., woven 
at Rochdale, in Mr. R. W. Sievier's patent power loom, 
which raises the terry without the wire; the terry is cut, 
and the pile raised by a patent application whilst the 
loom is working; and the goods wx) printed at one opera- 
tion in all the colours at Crag Works, near Macclesfield, 
by patent machinery, invented by Mr. Joseph Burch. 



117 Bubton, M., Libberton Bank, Edinburgh — 

Proprietor. 

A shawl, a table-cover, a rug, and two handkerdiiefs; 
knitted on wires by an aged person. The pattern is 
original. 

Picture frame, in imitation of old carved oak, com- 
posed of leather and putty. The design of the pattern 
taken from old carved work. 



118 Burton, Matiij>a Sarah, Asprmge, near 
Faversham, Kent — Manufiictiurer. 
" Italian girl," of Berlin wool; in fimcy needlework. 



119 Calet, J. W. & F. O., Windiwr— Designers. 

Diaphane, transparent silk for blinds, with design: 
Star of the Order of the Carter, &c, ; manufactured for 
the use of the Queen at Windsor Castle. 

Diaphane, with design: the Rose, Thistle, and Sham- 
rook. 

122 Cardwell^ C. & T., Northampton — Manufiictqrera. 
Pillow-laoe — trimming for caps, collars, &c. 



123 KiOHTLET, J. T., Northampton — Manufactnrsr, 
Pillow-lace for trimmings of caps, collars, kc, 

125 Caulfield, W. B., 54 Coal Harbour, Blachtatt^ 

Importer. 
Specimen of knitted lace-work, intended for a baby's 
bassinet cover. 

[The poor children at the school of Ballyoastle Quay, 
north of Ireland, where this specimen was produced, 
have been for the last few years chiefly occupied in this 
species of hand manufacture.] 

12G Chambers, Elizabeth Rebecca, Wilton Square, 

Dublin — ^Designer. 
"A contribution carpet," worked for the benefit of the 
'' Irish Society for Promoting the Scriptural Education of 
the Native Irish." 



128 Chapman, Elizabeth Annie, Great Bowden, 

Market Harborough — Producer. 

Tapestry copied from a painting by Leonardo daYioci: 
Subject, "The Last Supper." 

Exhibited for workmanship, which is intended to give 
the impression of a painting, even when closely viewed. 

129 Clarke, Eliza, Ilackford, by Beepham, Noneich — 

Producer. 
Collar, in point-stitch, with crochet edge, resembling 
Marguerite guipure lace; collar, crochet and needle- 
work, imitating Brussels point -lace; collar, wholly of 
crochet, similar to ivory guipiue lace. 

130 Clarke, Esther, 18a Margaret Street, 
Caveiulish Sjtiare — ^Manufacturer and Designer. 

Flounce of Honiton lace, five yards long, in the manu- 
facture of which forty women were employed during 
eight months. 

132 Cole, T., & Son, 18 Newgate Street^ 

Proprietors. 
Specimens of Brussels, Venetian, and IQdcUnniiister 
cari)eting. 

133 Collins & RiXj Kidderminster— UsaiwfactvLren* 
Specimens of carpets. 



134 Constable, Hannah, Clonmel, Ireland — Designer. 
Infant's crochet dress, miade of white thread. 



135 Cook, William, C<*t*sctcay, Chippenham — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
Cloth table-cover, 7 feet square, made witli about 
thirty thousand pieces of broad elotki 



KiSODOM.] 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &o. 
South Cbntbal Galleby. 



566 



136 CoPBLAMD, Fannt, 15, Great Charhtte Street, 

Lir^rpool — Inventor. 
Sofift pillow, crocheted in imitation of tapestry. 

138 J03CB, L. v., 33 Kiruj William Street, London 

Bridge — Producer. 
An embroidered map of the United Kingdom, showing 
the chief towns, railways, mountains, lakes. &c. Framed 
in English pollard oak. Size, 3 feet by 3 feet 6 inches. 
Executed by a girl fourteen years of age. 






140 CmiGX, Ellem, Suhnm, Cambridgeshire — Designer 

and Maker. 
A Teil worked by the needle, exhibited to show that 
lace may be produced by the needle, equal to the 
Hooiton laoe, and in the hope that it may be the means 
of giring employment to many poor needlewomen. 



141 Cboss, Maet, Paui Street, Bruio^Designer. 
Crochet counterpane. 

142 CioMLET, John, & Sons, Halifax — Manufacturers. 

Large pattern of mosaic tapestry for the walls of drawing- 
rooms, with portiere. 

Fstent mosaic ti^iestry for the walls of dining-rooms; 
for carpet and table-covers; and for covers for sofiis and 



Patent mosaic rugs: subjects, — Tlie British Lion, with 
appropriate motto; the Tiger; and landscape, and other 
dwigns. 

Patent relvet carpet, with border and comers. 
Twelve different designs in patent velvet carpets. 
Pattern in patent ti4)e8try carpet. 

in Kidderminster and Dutch carpets; and of 
of different qualities. 



143 CiTXliDiGHAif, WiLLiAic, \^A. Elizabeth Street, 

Walworth — Designer, 
for a carpet, scale 2^ inches to the foot. 



144 CcxLiFFE, Sarah An\, S^iffron Waldcn — 

Inventor. 
Infimt'i* knitUxi robe, consisting of 1, 404,859 stitcboa, 
and ♦ijS'W yard* of cotton. 

1 45 Daniel & Cowins, 55 /fa-h^^rt Street, New Xorth 

hold — I )ei*i^ierri and Enibnjidercrs. 
Bl;u;k satin einbrtiidenxl waiKtcoat; the deftij^i repre- 
• nti* Plenty, Stren^h, and Health, entwino<l with the 
UJitiooal emblems, worked with nilk in natunil colours. 



140 Co^•^JlDI^c., Mrs. Ida Von — Designer. 

Newly- in vento<l knitting, the embroidery being seen 
oiilv on one Hide. 

147 Hardy, F. C, M"Hnt Stnrt Crescent, Ihihlin 

— Pro<lucer. 
Si<x.'inien.-< «if knitting from Hackentown, County Car- 
I"W, IreLuid. 

148 Davidwn, William, Lieutenant Bombay Artillery, 

J/ifLltn/t'in — ImiH)i-ter. 
Etiibnndcry from Hycieraba<l; atlapted for table-clotLs, 
^liawU, cu.thion}<, &c. 



152 Ditl, Betty, 23 Charlotte St., Portland PL— Artiai. 
Pictiu^ in embroidery — "Tasso's return" — in imita- 
tion of an engraving. 

The back of an arm-chair, embroidery in silk and gold, 
designed on velvet, in the antique style. 

Large fire-screen, embroideiy in silk, chenille, and 
gold, in the modem style. 

153 Duxon, Viscount C. H., Loiighlyn House, Loughlyn, 

Ireland — Proprietor. 
Specimens of knitting from several schools on the 
Loughlyn estate ; and of frieze and flannel manufactured 
and worn in the country. 

155 Dove, Christopher Weslev, & Co., Leeda — 

Manufacturers. 
Velvet-pile Brussels, Kidderminster, and Three-ply car- 
pets; with registered designs. 

156 DowBiOGiN & Co., 23 Mount Street, Qrosfoenor 

Square. — Producers. 

Carpet made at the patent Axminstor carpet manufac- 
tory, Glasgow, for Her Majesty, designed by L. Qruner, 
Esq. 

[The production of the peculiar description of carpets, 
known as " Axminster," form the principal manufacture 
of that town. It appears to have been commenced in 
imitation of the style of Turkey carpets, but a variety 
of patterns have been produced. The same kind of 
carpets are, however, produced in other places. The thick 
and soft pile of these carpets distinguishes them from 
others. In the present example, a peculiar modification 
of the ordinary process of manufacture has been intro- 
duced, by which the worsted is thrown to the surflEMje, 
and does not appear on the other side at all. — K. £.] 

157 Downing, G. & J. H., King's Road, Chelsea 

— Manufacturers. 
Specimens of floor-cloth. 

159 Ellis, Sophie A., KUdcmoc Hector y, Ardec, Louth, 

//•('A'/i'/-— Deai^cr. 
Tatting or frivolitd, for liulioa' wear. B<^.i-the, pjiir of 
lappet*^, habit shirt, baby'u cap, piir of alooven, and 
collars. 

IGO EcsTACE, Richard & James, 10 Weaver's Square, 

IhiffUn — Manufactui'ers. 
Turkey rug, exhibited a.s a H|)eciinen of Turkey carp<»t 
making, woven on woollen waq\ the warp running through 
from end to end, without cut or joining, and being loo|>oti 
at both end.s. Tuft«;<l hearth rugs, girth, roller, and 
riUHiHjnder web. Spt»cimen.s of linen mill biuid. 



161 Evans, S. A., is Chirhs Street, Mi<lUesex 
/fn.yntti! — Denigner juid Manufactuivr. 
The " Death of Dougla«," after C. Ljunbieor, in em- 
broidery. 

102 EvKNDKN, Eliza Anne. 31 Jlijh Streit, Munintc—- 

Manufjieturer. 

I Derlin wool work : design. Mjiry Queen of ScotH mourn- 
ing over the dying Douglas, at the l«ittle of l^ngni<le. 



1 41« Daw»n, DedorAII, Xe^rtu^mhirnj, Ireland — 

Proi)rietor. 
<"uff»*, h-uul-ffpun and knitted from the wool of French 
jarK^ile dogw, 

l.'jO Dew Am, S4)N & SoNH, Kiujs Arms r.niHiiojs, 
U' *■*/ >Y rt'< 7— I Vo])rietorH. 
Table Govern, of ela>>orate design, the firHtmixeil fabric 
» f the kind nuwle in Spitalfiehb^. l)esigiie<l and execute<l 
}»y \Vi*).b fc Son. Tlie numl»er of cunl.s uned in the pro- 
<iii<-ti'»D an« '•,<»<M», till' numlwr of tanls us«'«l in the Jju*. 
qiiAnl machine 4o,o<.m>. Chintz pnuted wiK>llen table 
«ov«re, aad embossed. 



\{V.\ pAwci-nT, S., K id' kr minster — Mimufjioturer. 
SiHJcimcns of carjtetrf. 



1G4 Flower, Ann, 'i:^ I >Hl:e Street, Groifvantr Sqnirc — 
De?*igiuT and Manufacturer. 

Hearth rug, representing the star ami garter, sur- 
mounted by the Britihli crown. 

lecture, ** Flags of all NatiouH," worked in crosa-stitch 
in 8ilk, chenille, beads, an<l wool. 



ir»r) Faii)>x *: PiiiLLirs, :w, ;{i>, & 4'» \r'ni.,te Street 
■ I)cHi;nu'rH and Manufju'turci^. 
State IxmI, in evrry stylt- of nr»<llfwork, fn»m original 
I designs and tjelectiona from the decorations by Iiafll.ello, 



666 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallery. 



[Ukitbd 



in tho Vatioan, and copies of tho Aurora of Guido Reni, 
and Night by Thorwaldien. The valances are of chenille, 
representing on a flat surface the folds of velyet, looped 
up by an imitation of gold cords and wreaths of poppies. 
The curtains are embroidered on blue satin and white 
watered Irish poplin. The counterpane is a combination 
of these designs; the canopy enriched by garlands of 
flowers, supported by angels. The bedstead is of carved 
wood, richly gilt, in the style of Louis Quatorze. The 
materials are principally of British manufacture. 

This bed is represented in the accompanying Plate 119. 

Patterns for needlework. — The Prince of Wales; from a 
painting by Winterhalter, in the possession of His Majesty 
the King of Prussia. The Choristers and Companion ; from 
paintings by H. Barraud, Esq. Lady Jane Grey's reluct- 
ance to accept the crown ; from a painting by Leslie, in the 
possession of his Grace the Duke of Bedford. The sur- 
render of Maiy Queen of Scots to the Confederate Lords at 
Carberry Hill; frx>m a painting by Chisholm. Luther, 
Melancthon, Pomeranus and Cruciger translating the 
Bible. Groups of flowers for seats, prie-dieu and other 
chairs, cushions, &c. 

Patterns for crochet. Specimens of worsted yams. 
Purse-silk and twist; embroidery and floss silk; and 
grounding silk, manufactured and dyed in England. 



166 Fenoulhet, W., 11 Wilton Terrace, New North 
Road, Islington — Artist and Designer. 
An heraldic design for a royal cloth table cover, to be 
manufactured in any costly material. 



168 Fortune, Eliza, 101 St, Georges BoaJ, 

Southicark — Producer. 
Hearth rug, knitted by hand. Subject: the emblems 
of the United Kingdom. Centre : a dog% 



169 Franklin, John D., 14 Lower Ormond Quay, 

Dublin — Producer. 
Printed floor-cloth, 16 yards by 6, woven in one piece, 
without a seam, carpet pattern; another, to resemble in- 
laid woods. 



170 Frew EN, EIlizabeth, Martow, Bucks — ^Designer 

and Manufacturer. 
Laco collar, cuff', lappets, and neck-tie, made by hand 
on the pillow; in which an admixture of silk with the 
thread greatly improves the appearance of the lace. 



174 Gardner, M. A., 22 Great Leonard Street, 
Fin^itrg — ^Manufacturer. 
Mosaic inkstand mat, knitted in varied shades of Berlin 
wool. Miniature bassinet, knitted in double Berlin wool, 
with bed and cover. Chair-back cushion, with weights. 
The exhibitor is blind. 



175 George, J. B., 4 WclU Street, Gray's Inn Hood— 

Designer. 
Design for an Axminster centre carpet, in the Italian 
style. 
Velvet pile carpeting. 

176 Gilbert, J», 7 Charlotte Street, Old Kent Road— 

Designer. 

Design for Axminster centre carpet. 

177 Goodyear, — ., Kirkgate, Ripon — Manufacturer. 
Specimens of cari)ets. 

178 Heyn, Emma, 14 Gloucester Terrace, Gloucester 

RihhI, Old Kent Road — Producer. 
Ornamental vase of flowers, made of Berlin wool, with 
the crochet stitch. 



181 Greenwood, Anne Christiana, Brookicood Parh, 

Alresford — Inventor. 
Panels for decorating tho walls of a room, jiaintod with 
birds and fluwcn in the stylo of India paper. 



182 Grboort, Thohsons, & Co., Kilmarnock, 

Scotland — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of royal Wilton carpeting; of Brussels car- 
peting; and of Imperial carpeting. The first design by 
Mr. John Lauron, London; the omertwo by Mr. Thomas 
Barclay, Glasgow. 

185 Hall, Andrew, Bank Buildings, Manchester 

— Inventor. 

Garden net, for shelter; and insect fender. 

Glass substitute for hot-houses, green-houses, and small 
frames; preferable to glass, as a slow conductor of heat, 
and having a more equable temperature under its surface. 

Canvases for embroideiy, plain white, coarse, middle, 
and fine. Penelope, coarse, middle, and fine, with pat- 
terns of intermediate numbers, and of coloured canvas. 

Hie above articles, with designs printed upon them, 
intended to be covered by the worker instead of copying 
a design froux print paper. 

186 Hamburger, Rogers, & Co., 30 King Street, 

Covent Garden — Producers. 
Specimens of embroidery and gold lace helmets, epau- 
lettes, &c. 

187 Bloomfield, Susanna, Poole, Dorset — 

Manufacturer. 
Needlework in Berlin wool : — Subject, ''Raphael in the 
Vatican." 

188 Hanson, Charles, JW^^ Zand — Designer. 
Design for an Axminster hearth rug, in the Italian 

style. 

189 Harding, Wuijam, & Co., 6SLong Acre — 

Designers and Manufiujturers. 

Bude specimens of livery lace (silk and worsted surface 
and cotton and linen-thread foundation). Duplicate sam- 
ples of trimmings and hammer-cloth mountings, made to 
the order of King George the Third. Some of the first 
experiments to improve carriage laces, by separating the 
component materials, and producing a raiBed pile-figure 
upon a tissue ground, for which a patent was granted, 
in 1817. Duplicate samples of fringe and hangers, made 
for King George the Fourth. Duplicate samples made 
for the Princess Charlotte. Samples made for his late 
Majesty William the Fourth and Adelaide the Queen Dow- 
ager; and for Louis Philippe, the late King of the French. 
Duplicate samples of carriage lace, and other trimmingSy 
made for Her Me^esty, and their R. H. Prince Albert 
and the Prince of Wales. Specimens of registered lining. 
Specimens in contrast shades, stated to be tho first 
attempt of this kind in figured silks. Specimens with 
both sides alike. 

Sundry tassels, bullions, fringes, gympings, and other 
upholstery ornaments, to illustrate the advances in this 
manufacture. 

Specimens of lace, figured silk, and carpet for carriages, 
of (Uflerent qualities. 

190 Hare, J., & Co., Bristol — Designers and 

Manufacturers. 
Five floorcloth compositions, >'iz. : — One of chintzes; 
two of mosaic pavements; one of mosaic pavements; one 
of inlaid woods, and one of encaustic tiles. (.W/A 
Transept Gallery, Eastern Si<le). 

191 Harms worth, Martha, Ticickenham— 

Embroiderer^ 
Tapestry. *' Tho Last Supper," worked in French floes 
silk. 



192 Harris, George, 3t Co., Stourport, and 59 Snow 
Hill, Lotulim — Manufacturers. 

Brussels velvet j)ile centre carpet, with border, for 
dra^^in^room, exhibite<l for design and quality. 

Siiuilar caqiot, without border. 

Brussels velvet pile centre carpet, with border, for 
dining-room or libiury. 




HEMU. rADDBL A 



3 



LAGS AND EMBBOIDEBT, fto. 

SOCVH GlHTRAL GaULSBT. 



667 



192a 



. 87 
Manit&oiiirenu 
ci nitt apnm aod bsbi6i^ olodky knm podDBt 
• auDbfio fknoioixiflSi Mid jn aorii ioiis s aU 



194 



li— tli«mg; •& wool, vMd for bod<«ldefy door- 
te.; miperior for dnzftbiltfy, and fiMsUitj 
Sid djed Hqr odour. 



195 



. E. ft O., 11 JBdgwoM Soad^ 

])MiKii0ffB iod Ifiiiiinotiirsni. 

oovmHsledy Bkittahemblfliiii^ dengnod and 

ft mm wk canras. Italian bc^, woilwd and 

Batar tlia Hermit. Deer-atalking. JoMfih 

Us Mmt to Plianoh. Copiea of a paintiqg^ 



i9e 



BiMwrnkKaaan, Ujpptt Monk, Lamkdk-^ 
Mannfiioturera. 
of floor olotliy pattern oof^ed from a Rcnnan 
pa(fim«t diaoowed at Aldboroughy Tork- 



197 Hjwfxr, JMDlKBB,25J&(^Pfo(»,iroaonl— 




for faviooa kinda of printed finbrioa; and for 
and other kindb of oazpeta. 

198 H▲n■i^ FtAMcaa Sbait, A0— Deaigner and 

Xannfbctiirer. 
QHpa*; aeedle-WQck in Berlin wooL 

199 JSmumomaaL, Rodolphb, 261 Regmd Strett^ 

Deaimer and Mannfbotnrer. 
H«Rral;yleofaae(Seworic, aimilar to the Qobelina. 
Henar dnejpia, eseeoted in ailk and wool, on oanTaa. 
Kew kfan of easfaa for embroiderT. 

drao^t^ dnat^ ana noiae ezoluder> ap- 



pfieable with glue to doon, windows, wardrobes, piano- 
foriea, and g^Uaa-caflea. A light subatitute for the neavy 
eord oaed in ladiea' dreasee. 

200 BbcsnDSON & Co., Durham — ^ManufiBcturers. 

Wilton, or pile carpet, in Raphaeleeque style of orna- 
ment, of the 16th century. 

Brossels carpet, for drawing-room, cinque cento style. 

Wihon, or pile stair carpet, regular five frames quidity. 

Tard-^side ingrain carpet. Yard-wide ingrain carpet, 
in bedroom style. Fine yard-wide damask Venetian 
carpet. Tard-wide twilled damask Venetian stair carpet. 
Twilled Venetian stair carpet. Fine Venetian stair 



201 UmKUEtaos & Widnell, Lassvoade — Manufocturers. 
Poctidre, or door curtain, 10 ft. 6 in. by 5 ft. ; in one 

piaoe; fine reWet Whytocks patent. Probably the 
Lrgeat piece ever manufactured on this principle. Style 
— LooisXlV. 

Rtdi patent Telvet carpets, with centres, borders^ and 
eomen; aame style. 

Pateot relvet sofia carpets, and rugs. 

202 Hatch, Caboline, Tunbridge Wir//*— Producer. 
Specimens of embroidery. 

203 Hill, Bbxjamin, Oineu, Buckinghamshire^ 

Manufacturer. 
Specimena of pillow-lace edging, suitable for collars, 
coflS^ aleeres, &c. ; and insertion edging, suitable for caps, 
•Issrea, stomachers, kjc. 

PiUow lace, suitable fof infants' caps, ladies' caps> 
and flouncing. 



204 Hn-L & Co., High Street, Worcester, and Great 

Maktm — Inventors . 
Keedlewofk for ottomans, screens, hanging for walls, 
UTS, &c., of the following deai^is:— ^ 



PanoEamio Tiew of the tillage of Qreat lialTera, Wor- 
oostorahuo. 

Sketch of Windsor CSastlc^ taken from Eton College 
grounds, from a miniature view by Baxter. 

Sunset Tiew of tiie ndna of Tintem Abbey^ from m 
Uthograph. 

Two Yiewv of Witney Coort^ from pencil drawings. 

Portrait in misJatore, from a painnng bj Leonardo da 
TmA, 

BzeontedbythAriatemB*! P., S.| andO. Bogen^ of the 
abo?efinki. 



205 HnDBAUOB, Mrs. Makt, .2rsi0eafMMfM»-2VMS— 

Fkodnosr. 
Copies from Landaeei's ptetore of ''Bolton Abbey;" 
IMior^s ''Hawking Burtr,-" Hecring's "Fsedhag the 
HorMsf and Sofaophi's " Animal of Babeooa.'* Woiked 
as tapestry. 

206 Bxsaua, C, 8t Sons, 134 Oxford Sttett^ 

Deaigneni and Jiann&otoren. 
Bich TelTot oamting. Kngliah hand-wnrng^t oanets, 
Turldah style. Fine quality in original dangns, etsbo« 
rately flowered. Oriental oupets. 

207 HeiJU>WA¥,PB<IBB,(MwsBttAlM^,i>OrcA«rf0^ 

Designer. 
Qoilt knitted by hand, in one pieoe, with ootton. 

208 HoiJnEB» J., JricidiffrmAufar-^ManuflMstarsr. 
Carpets, conunonly oalled Telrety suitable for dining or 

drawing rooms. 

209 HoFi^ QsosoB ConLmo^ 17 i2o6er<soft 8k^, 

Hastings— J)eagniap, 
Bflgistered bmworkB of oommon rush for the ehurdi 
or doset^ with appropriate mottoes, in needlework. 

210 HimPHUBB, Thomas, Vioar l^reet,KidiermiMter<^ 

Manufiacturer* 
Specimen of super-velvet pile carpeting. Registered 
patterns. 

211 HUBfff, Q., Ifig^ Street, Bedford— Desigaer and 

Inventor. 
Pillow-lace, with glass introduced into the figure. 

213 Ladies' Industrial Society, 76 Orafton Street, 

Driblin — Producers. 
Limerick lace : shawls, handkerchie£B, and cazarees. 
Spanish point, made in Ireland: caps, cufis, and habit* 

shirts. 

Old point, made in Ireland : fichus and frocks. 

Real guipure, made in Ireland : head-dress and collar. 

Crochet: caps, sleeves, collars, and frocks. 

Embroidery: collars, caps, and handkerchiefs. 

Cloth embroidery. Horse-hair ornaments. 

Linens : hand-spun and wove sheeting. 

Knitting: stockings, socks, and mittens. 

Thread lace. Hand-apim flannel. 

Appliqu6: scarfs, caps, berthes, lappets, flounces, 
shawls, veils, and dress. 

215 James, IIrnry, 7 Ferdinand Terrace, PancraaVale 

Inventor, Designer, and Producer. 

Enamelled floor-cloth. Window-glass, ornamented by 
machinery, for halls, stair-cases, &c. 

21G Johnson, Geo., & Co., 11 Bow Churchyard, and 
4 BovD Lane — Manufacturers* 
Mourning collars, &c. 



217 Johnson, Mabia, //«//— Designer. 

Quilt of patchwork, in 13,500 pieces of silk, satin, and 
velvet, with a group of white flowers embroidered on a 
crimson ground in the centre, and a bomlor of white liUes 
and roses upon a crimson ground. 



568 



Class 19.— TAPESTOY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Centbal Gaixery. 



[United 



218 Johnstone, J., 102 Qrafuim Street, Airdrie, 

Scotland — Inventor. 
Table-cover, consisting of 2,000 pieces of cloth, ar- 
ranged into 23 historical and imagined characters, six 
equestrian scenes, a fox-hunt, and pantomime, with the 
regalia of Scotland in the centre. The design and execu- 
tion is the sole work of the exhibitor, and it occupied his 
leisure hours for 18 years. 



219 Jones, Mart, Abbey Street, Chester — Proprietor. 

Bible cushion, copied, in fancy work, from a plan of 
the mosaic pavement in Canterbury cathedral, formerly 
composed of precious stones, gold, and jet. 



221 Keddbll, John Staples, Shccmess — Proprietor. 

Armorial bearings, worked by the exhibitor in Berlin 
wool and silk. 

223 Kettlewell, Mart, Clonmel, Ireland — Proprietor. 
Trimming lace, and lace berthes of different patterns. 
Large knitted lace collar, and fine lace lappet. Small 
thread lace scarf. Lace scarf, as fine as hair, done in Ardas. 



224 King, Miss, 3 Bloomshury Place, Bloomsbury Square 

— ^Designer and Manufacturer. 
Mediajval embroidery: — ^Design for a cover for the book 
of the GoiqMsls, after the antique. St» John; design 
from a brass of Lawrence Seymoiu* at Higham Ferrers 
Royal arms, on a groimd of cloth of gold. 

225 KiNGSBURT, LoitiBA, J^ost Street, Tawiton, Somerset 

— Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 
Basket of flowers, knitted in Berlin wool, from nature. 



22G KiTELT, Joseph, Kidderminster — Manufacturer. 

A Brussels velvet carpet in five-frame, green and gold \ 
a Brussels velvet pile specimen in five -frame, white and 
oak; a Brussels carpet in five-frame, crimson and oak, 
suitable for drawing or dining rooms. 

227 School of Charitt, Cangort Park, Kinjs County, 

Ireland — Producers. 
Embroidered muslin> executed by the children of the 
school. 



228 MowLAND, Charlotte O., 23 Eaton Mews, South, 

Eaton Square — Producer. 
Wreath on white satin, with chenille and crape; design 
for an ornament or trimming. The exhibitor aged 11 
years. 

229 Lambert, Eli2abeth, Tunhndjc — Designer. 

Embroidery — Full-length portrait of The Queen, in 
gilt frame. 

A group of flowers, with vase, in can-od oak frame. 

230 Lanchenick, Jane A., 5 Protnpton Jiotc, Bromptvn 

— ^Designer and Manufivoturer. 
Table cover ; garter blue cloth. The design, an oak 
and acorn border; the comers, the rose, tliistle, and 
shamrock, i^-ith the edge scalloped; the whole embroi- 
dered in gold-coloure<l silk. 



231 Mackellar & Hahpson, 50 Old Chanjc, Cheapside 

— I'roducers. 

Royal lace mantle, figured by a patent process (silk 
texture). 

232 Lapworth, Alfred — l*roducer. 

Axminstcr cari>et8. Patent carpets. Velvet pile and 
tapestry velvet carpets. 

234 DiGGEB I^ Touche, MiM, Killmaule, Trclan'1— 

Inventor. 
Specimen of lace flounce, worked by the poor girls of 
Killmutilc, invented at the time of the famine, to enable 
them to cam sufficient for their Bupi>ort. 



235 VicxiABB, Richard, Padbury, Buckinghai 

Manufacturer. 

Lace for young infiAnts' robes. 

Lace for trimming an infant's cot^ or a flounce for a 
lady's dress. 

Lace crowxiB for infEints' caps, corresponding with the 
broad lace. 

Insertion for forming the body of the caps. 

Laces for bordering the caps. 

23C Lester, Thomas, Bedford— ^iAasmUig^xaw. 

Specimen of Bedfordshire pillow-laoe, being an improved 
arrangement of an infiuit's lace dress. 

Improved lace fall-piece, to avoid joining at the cor- 
ners; lace fall, complete; length of wide white lace for 
falls; length of white and black trimming lace; length of 
flouncing lace. 

238 Wheler, Mrs. John, 42 Dorset Street, Pcrtmum 

Sq uare — Producer. 
An occasional table, mounted with appliqu^ em- 
broidery. 

239 Lewer, Eliza, Wimbom^ Minster, Dorsetshire— 

Maker. 
Piece of tapestry, consisting of 24 figures, and 438,000 

stitches. 

240 LocKwooD, Georoiana, 31 Qreat Titchfdd Street, 

Oxford Street — Manufiacturer. 
A child's fancy crochet frock. 

241 Lee, J. — Producer. 

Specimen of lace made by a poor woman in Stone, 
Aylesbury. 

242 Macdonald, MaroaretTa, 105 South Porilawi 

Street, (7 /a»/ou>-— Manufacturer. 
Fimcy needlework, worked with Berlin wool and silk. 
Subject—" HaddonHall in the Olden Time,'* by Frederick 
Tayler. 

243 McFarlane Brothers, Glasgow — Manu&ctoivn. 
Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet 3 inches long by 3 feet 4 

inches broad, with landscape design, from Loch-Long, 
Du mbartonshire. 

Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet long by 3 broad { landsci^ie 
design. Chenille hearUi-rug, 7 feet long by 3 broad, 
with design, tiger jungle, hills in the distance. 

Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet long by 3 feet 1 inch broad, 
with design, water lily or lotus. Chenille hearth-rug^ 
8 feet () inches long by 3 feet 5 inches broad; design, 
scrolls and flowers, l^eccs of chenille carpeting, each 
2 feet long by 2 feet 3 inches ^lidc, with same design. 

244 Mallaueu, William, Ayait of the Morarim Estah- 

lishitu'hts at Fnlnvck, near Leeds, and Ockbrookf 
near Dcrlty — Manufacturer. 
Worked handkerchiefs of Moravian embroidered needle- 
work, from Fulneck and Ockbrook. 

240 M'Carten, H., 97 Great Ch^wles Street, Birmittghtm 

— Maimfacturer. 
Ancient design of funeral pall for hearse* Design from 
Mr. Pugiu's ** Glossary of Ecclesiastical Ornament and 
Costume." ^ 

247 M*DaRmid, Mart Ann, Bagthorpe IIoHBe, near 
Nottiwjham — ^Designer and Maker. 
Embroidered quilt. 



248 Maclean, Jane, Tynan Bectonj, I)/nan, Cotmiy 

Armagh, Ireland — Proprietor. 
Imitation guipure lace flounce, worked by the childretl 
of TjTian Glebe school. 

249 Kichnond Lunatic Asylum— PixMlucersi 
Quilt knitted by the inmates* 



Kingdom.] 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Central Gallery. 



5G9 



2oO MxLTOV, Elisa, 8 Peacock Terraoe, Walworth Road 
— Mannfacturer and Proprietor. 
Embcoidfl^. Imitation in needlework of " The Last 
finpps^ hf Ijeonardo da Vinci. 



251 MoxKHOCn, Joshua, & Son, Barnard Castle, and 

75 Hood &reet, Cheaptide, London — ^Manufacturers. 

Carpetsy of Kidderminster &bric, cumber and point 
■tylee. 

Dutch fiibric caipets, all wool, and Dutch fabric carpets, 
VBip made from luk noils. 

252 MoKToic & Sons, iTicU^rmM^tf/^-Manu&cturers. 
Specimens of yelvet pile carpets : — Crimson and colours 

(roaaa); ruby and chintz (flowers); crimson, green, &c. 
(lilies). 

Sazonj carpet :^-crimson and oaks ^scroll). 

Bknasels carpets: — white and gold (scroll); dark green 
and gt>ld (ornament); royal blue and gold (ornament); 
ruby, crimsoOy and oaks (leaves); ruby, green, &o. 
<roses). 



253 Nadut, Michael, Kirkaldji, Scotland— Deta^ev 

and Manufacturer. 
Floorcloth, used for halls, lobbies, &c: — No. 1. Chintz 
pattern, eight colours, imitation of fine carpeting. No. 2. 
Granite pattern, four colours, imitation of granite inlaid. 
Ko. 3. Marble pattern, four colours, imitation of marble 
inlaid. No. 4. A combination of Nos. 2 and 3, repre- 
— "Hng marble and granite, inlaid alternately, showing 
that Nos. 2 and 3 can be made to work singly or together, 
thereby giiing the advantage of three di^mct patterns, 
with only two seta of blocks. 

[The canvas employed in the manufacture of floor- 
cloth, is produced principally in the north, and in large 
qoaotitiea at Dundee. The size of the canvas, G yards 
or upwards in width, and about 100 in length, will con- 
vey an idea of that of the loom producing it. The 
Application of the oil coloiu^ and pattcma is effected in 
v.fcrioiLi places. Prior to this, the cauvas Is prepared for 
I he rtctption of the paint by a coatiug of size. The 
[bclut and |*atU'm are applied by haud, au<l the latter is 
effected by the uiiual i>ixx:ess of block-printing.] 



2.'»4 Natlor, David, Manchester — rrodncer. 

P^cnt Kidderminster carpet, woven by a ateam -power 



2.'»r) Let, F., Victoriti Cottu]'-, Hickiwfton, ncir 
Bamat'ip ',,-, Dcron — IVo<lucer. 
A piece of needlew«)rk iu floi»rt silk, reprem^ntinf? the 
P.iM*- encircled nith roncr^, with an approjfriiite motto iu 
i A letter."*. 

l».'»»i IkrrCUCR, Mi/*i*ei<, 2 Climuhn KuaJ, XutiiiKj Hill — 

l*ro<lucers. 

Variety of Berlin wool-woik. 



li.'*? Nei^TOJIB & JoMlS, Ki'l'lrrmiiuitcr, imd li) S/.innrr 
Stir.'t^ l/.iolfH — Manufacturer.'*. Thos. Pall, 
& Co.. fj-if^^itij the M-insi'fH Jfousi , i.'it'j — Pro- 
prietors. 
M'-Ul air]>et of superior velvet pile, reprenentin^ the 
ArrtH of the CouiiKiny of Mercers*, with emhlazDued 
lj«-r»Jor, &c. 

V.lvct pile carpet in brea^ltlw; design, "the vine and 
jw«-i'»n ri'»wer." 

lit-f*: Bru.*n<;lrf caqnit, iu brea*ltln<; of a white ground and 
•croll chintz. 



2'».S Newton, Jonhs & Wi ujh, Temyh Ru^r^ 
/:iri/iin-fh nn—Chnrvh I )«'C"()ratoi*s. 

R*'>»ei«. hoj'U, curtains, iuid veils, embroidered in flilk 
tni >;"ld. 

.Satin 4Luu.irik han>:iug.'<, woollen hanging.-', velvet-pile 



269 Olveb, Ltdia, ZwAmn/— ManufSacturer. 
Embroidered collar, stomacher, and sleeves. 



260 OsBOBN, Matilda, 4 Sydneif Square, Commercial 

Road East — Producer. 
"Mary, Queen of Scots, mourning over the dying 
Douglas," in Berlin wool. 

2G1 Padwick, Anne, Westhowne, Emsworth — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
A crochet table-cover in Berlin wool. 



262 Palmer, Helen, i>Mnse— Producer. 

Panel for a pole-screen, embroidered in coloured silks, 
upon white satin. 

Lady's dress, embroidered in cherry-coloured silks, 
upon white silk. 

Cushion for a chair, embroidered in coloured silks, upon 
white satin. 

263 Pardoe, Hoomans, & Pardoe, Kidderminster — 

Manufacturers. 

Whytock's patent tapestry carpeting, in Brussels and 
velvet pile. The colours are permanently printed on the 
worsted before it is -woven. 

Skein of the worsted. Patent Berlin rugs. 



264 Patent Camphine Company, HiUl — Producers. 
Tapestry : views of Windsor Castle, Malvern Hills, kc. 



265 Patent Utrecht Company, 36 Steward Street, 

Spitalfields — Producers. 
Lace curtains, patent silk lace dress and curtains; 
patent lace quilt, scarf, and curtains; Spanish mantilla. 



266 Pearse, Clara, Broad Street, Bath — ^Designer. 
Crochet bed-quilt, illustrated with the Ten Command- 

ments in the centre, with imitation of point loco border. 
The dudigner 14 ywu*8 of age. 

267 Pexley, E. a., St. Peter's, Mar-jate — DeBigucr 

and Manufacturer. 
Silk i>atchwork table-cover. 



208 Perry, Edward, Tlie Kev., 26 Portlaml Place, 

J.emniwjtnn — Producer. 
Scai'f comiHXsed of British silk, being the pro<luce of 
2,000 Bilk w»)rmH, which were kept in an out-houne at 
GiKxlrich, in Herefonldiire. Tlie silk was wound from 
the cocoons and t*pun by Mrn. Perry and her daughter; 
aft<jr which, it waw ma<le into the Hcarf now exhibited. 
The silk in in its natural or raw stiite, unmanufjK-tured, 
and the colourn of the silk produced by the male and 
female worm.s are preserved. 

[In a preceding clasH will bo found a brief notice of the 
labourH of the late Mi*ri. Whitby to introduce the cul- 
ture of the silkworm into this country. Thin notice 
accompjmies a banner entirely wrought r)ut of nilk pro- 
duced from worms bred in Eughmvl. In the i)rertent, 
jw in other iiwtanccs exhibited, the same succesri hfw 
attended this art. — H. E.] 



2r)0 Heald, Benjamin, Ohl Siriuton, Xottinjham — 

1 )ef igner. 
A der«ign for Honiton lace fiouncingH. 

270 

SiK.'cimens of knitting by the poor Irinh chihlren near 
Limerick. 

271 Ph I LU !***> 1**' M 1 1. V , 1 • '» Heriti ' >u < Isej/ St re* t , 

,<<tuthir,irh ■ l*iXHlue«r. 
" L;i Vendredi:"— eating niiiat on Fridiiy. 



568 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETO, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallery. 



FUkited 



218 Johnstone, J., 102 Oraham Street , Airdrie, 

Scot land — Inventor. 
Table-cover, consisting of 2,000 pieces of cloth, ar- 
ranged into 23 historictJ and imagined characters, six 
equestrian scenes, a fox-hunt, and pantomime, with the 
regalia of Scotland in the centre. The design and execu- 
tion is the sole work of the exhibitor, and it occupied his 
leisure hours for 18 years. 



219 Jones, Mart, Abbey Street, Chester — Proprietor. 

Bible cushion, copied, in fancy work, from a plan of 
the mosaic pavement in Canterbury cathedral, formerly 
composed of precious stones, gold, and jet. 



221 Keddell, John Staples, Shecmess — Proprietor. 

Armorial bearings, worked by the exhibitor in Berlin 
wool and silk. 

223 Kettlewell, Mart, Clonmel, Ireland — Proprietor. 
Trimming lace, and lace berthes of different patterns. 
Large knitted lace collar, and fine lace lappet. Small 
thr^d lace scarf. Lace scarf, as fine as hair, done in Ardas. 



224 King, Miss, 3 Bloomshury Place, Bloomsbitry Square 

— ^Designer and Manufiufturer. 
ModLnoval embroidery: — ^Design for a cover for the book 
of the Gospels, after the antique. St. John; denign 
from a brass of Lawrence Seymom* at Higham Ferrers 
Royal arms, on a ground of cloth of gold. 

225 Kingsbury, LoitiSA, East Street, Ta^tnton, Somerset 

— Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 
Basket of flowers, knitted in Berlin wool, from nature. 

226 KiTELT, Joseph, Kidderminster — Manufacturer. 

A Brussels velvet carpet in five-fraiuo, green and gold; 
a Brussels velvet pile specimen in five-frame, white and 
oak; a Brussels carpet in five-frame, crimson and oak, 
suitable for drawing or dining rooms. 

227 School of Charity, Cangort Park, Kinj's County, 

Ireland — Producers. 
Embroidered musliU) executed by the children of the 
school. 



228 MowLAND, Charlotte G., 23 Eaton Mcurs, South, 

Eaton Square — Producer. 
Wreath on white satin, with chenille and crape; design 
for an ornament or trimming. The exhibitor aged 11 
years. 

229 LA3IBERT, Elizabeth, TtmfMjc — Designer. 

Embroidery — Full-length portrait of The Queen, in 
gilt frame. 

A group of flowers, with vase, in carved oak frame. 

230 Lanchenick, Jane A., 5 Brompton B(nc, Brompton 

— ^Designer and Manufacturer. 
Table cover; garter blue cloth. The design, an oak 
and acorn border; the comers, the rose, thistle, and 
shamrock, ^^-ith the edge scalloped; the whole embroi- 
dered in gold-coloured silk. 



231 Mackellar & Hampson, 50 Old Chanje, Cheapside 

— Producers. 

Royal laco mantle, figured by a patent process (silk 
texture). 

232 Lapworth, Alfred — Producer. 

Axminster carpets. Patent carpets. Velvet pile and 
tapestry velvet carpets. 

234 DiGGES La Touche, Miss, Kilbwiule, Ireland— 

Inventor. 
Specimen of lace flounce, workcxl by the jwor girls of 
Killmaule, invented at tlie time of the famine, to enable 
them to cam sufficient for their support. 



235 ViocARS, Richard, Padbury, Buckinghai 

Manufacturer. 

Lace for young infinnts' robes. 

Lace for trimming an infant's cot, or a flounoe for a 
lady's dress. 

Lace crowcB for infants' caps, corresponding with the 
broad lace. 

Insertion for forming the body of the caps. 

Laces for bordering the caps. 

23C Lester, Thomas, Bedford-— VLukysSsic^nitit, 

Specimen of Bedfordshire pillow-laoe, being an improved 
arrangement of an infeoit's lace dress. 

Improved lace fall-piece, to avoid joining at the cor- 
ners; lace fall, complete; length of wide white lace for 
falls; length of white and black trimming lace; length of 
flouncing lace. 

238 Wheler, Mrs. John, 42 DorBct Street, Poriman 

Square — Producer. 
An occasional table, mounted with appliqude em- 
broidery. 

239 Lewer, Eliza, Wimbonn Minster, Dorsetshire — 

Maker. 
Piece of tapestry, consisting of 24 figures, and 438,000 
stitches. 

240 LocKwooD, Oeoroiana, 31 Great Titchf eld Street, 

Oxford Street — Manufacturer. 
A child's fancy crochet frock. 

241 Lee, J.— Producer. 

Specimen of lace made by a poor woman in Stone, 
Aylesbury. 

242 Macdonald, MaroaretTa, 105 8(AUh Portlami 

Street, Glasgow — Manufiebcturer. 
Fancy needlework, worked with Berlin wool and silk. 
Subject—" HaddonHall in the Olden Time," by Frederick 
Tayler. 

243 McFarlane Brothers, Glasgow — ^Blanu&cturers. 
Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet 3 inches long by 3 feet 4 

inches broad, with landscape design, from Loch-Long, 
Dumbartonshire. 

Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet long by 3 broad { landscape 
design. Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet long by 3 broad, 
with design, tiger jungle, hills in the distance. 

Chenille hearth-rug, 7 feet long by 3 feet 1 inch broad, 
with design, water lily or lotus. Chenille hearth-rug, 
8 feet 6 inches long by 3 feet 5 inches broad; design, 
scrolls and flowers. Heces of chenille carpeting, each 
2 feet long by 2 feet 3 inches wide, with same design. 

244 Mallaijeu, William, Agent of the Moravian Estab- 

lishments at Faltu'ck, near Leeds, and Odb^roo^ 
Hcur Deiby — Manufacturer. 
Worked haiidkorchiefs of Moravian embroidered needle- 
work, from Fulneck and Ockbrook. 



246 M'Carten, H., 97 Great Charles Street, Birmingkam 

— Manufactiurer. 
Ancient design of funeral pall for hearse* Design from 
Mr. Pugin's ''Glossary of Ecclesiastical Ornament and 
Costume." ^ 

247 M'DaRmid, Mary Ann, B*igth>rpe Ilovse, near 

A^ottiiujham — Designer and Maker. 
Embroidered quilt. 



248 Maclean, Jane> Tynan Bectory, lynan, Cotmty 

Armagh, Ireland — Proprietor. 
Imitation guipure laco flounce, worked by the children 
of Tynan Olebe school. 

249 Richmond Lunatic Asylum— Pruducen» 
Quilt knitted by the inmates^ 



] 



LACE AND EMBBOawn, &o. 
South CswmiXi CIallbrt* 



see 



250 liMidii^ fcau, 8 Pm eoek ^mmm ^WOmrikSoad 

MtAtMoa in needlewoik of "TbB Lmt 
%f iMMtdo dft TmoL 




251 KMKBOOtt;, JomcOA, ft Smr^ Bamard Catile, and 
TSUMrabTMl, Ckeap§ide, 2>Mefofi---Maiiuftotiiren. 
Owpsli^ of Uddenmnsier fiOiiio, oumber and point 




2SS Utiiiii a floiw, JMtointoir^lftMttnfiwtagettK 

QpadBMisaf Viliitt pito flnpete>— Giimflon and oolotin 
teM; nif «i flbiiiU (floiran); oiniaoiv green, &c; 

BwagiUfiili leiiiwrm end oets (ecndl). 
Hf — i h aiqpli:— whito end gold tecroll); darkgroen 
(onHnianl); rml bine and gold (ornament); 
Sid oela (ka¥ee)$ rubj, green, fta 






258 Vinoi, IKmrnim^ Kirkakfy, SiooetoKf— Deaigner 

Ibr baUa, lobbiea, &o:— Ko. 1. Chints 
t%lmitetionofflneoan>eting. No. 2. 
, Ibor ooloofa, imitation of granite inlaid. 
Bbw a. MtMh paMem, four colonic imitation of marbla 
Ko. 4. A oomwnation of Koa. 2 and 3, repre- 
MaMe and nanit^^inlaid altemstelj, ahoinng 
u Sands oan DO made to woik atnglv or together, 
IkanAgrgHqgti^ advantage of tiiree diitmct pattema^ 
«ift aiil^ two lati of blooka. 

[Iha oBfM anqdojod in the niannfSKitare of floor- 
iifiodnaad prine^palljr in the north, and in large 
teaABniiee. tChe aiae of the canvaa, 6 yarda 
itt width, and about 100 in length, will oon- 
an %§tm of that of the loom produdng it. The 
of the oil ooloora and patterns is effected in 
places. Prior to this, the canvas is prepared for 
the reception of the paint by a coating of size. The 
paint and pattern are applied by hand, and the latter is 
by the usual process of block-printing.] 



254 Natlob, David, Manchester — Producer. 

FatflDt Kidderminster carpet, woven by a steam-power 
loom. 



255 Let, P., Victoria Cottage, BickingUm, near 

Barnstaple, Deton — Producer. 
A piece of needlework in floss silk, representing the 
Bible encircled with roses, with an appropriate motto in 
gold letters. 

256 BOTCHKB, Misses, 2 Ciarendon Road, Notting Ilill^ 

Producers. 

Tafiety of Berlin wool-work. 



257 Kk^'Comb & Jones, Kidderminster, and 19 Skinner 

Street, XorKicm—- Manufacturers. Thos. PAdi^ 

& Co., opposite the Mansion House, City — Pro- 

pnetora. 

Model carpet of superior velvet pile, representing the 

Arms of the Company of Mercers, with emblazoned 

botder, &c. 

Velvet pile carpet in breadths; design, " the vine and 
paawinn flower.'* 

Best Brussels carpet, in breadths ; of a white ground and 
•eroU chintz. 



258 Nbwtom, Joneb, & Willis, Temple Row, 
Birmingham-— Ch\ixc\i Decorators. 

Bobea, hoodai, curtains, and veils, embroidered in silk 
and gold. 

Sititin damaak hangings, woollen hangingB, velvet-pile 



259 Oltxi, Ltdia, XtftAaare^Mann&otnrer. 
ihnbroidered ooUar, atomabher, and aleevee. 



260 OsBOBN, Maiiipa, 4 Bffdnay Square, Oommerdai 

AnnI JBcttl— Ftodnoer. 
"Mary, Queen of Sooti|u monzninff over the dying 
Douj^^' in Berlin wo<d. 



261 PAimics, AmoE^ JMitmrM, 

Deaigner-aad MamifiMstnrer. 
A croohet table-oorer in Berlin wooL 



262 

Panel for a pNole-aoreen, embroidared in oolonred ail 
nponiddte satin* 

Lad/a dreaa, embroidered in ohetry-oolovred a^ba, 
upon white ailk. 

Cuahion lor a ohair, embroidBrad in oolonred ailka, i^on 
wUte satin. 

263 Pabdos, Hookams, & Pabdoi^ Kiiikrnmster^ 

Mannftctuiera. 

Whytobk's Patent tapestry aafpeting; in Bruasela and 
Telvet pile. The ooloura are penaaaently printed on tlia 
worsted before it ia^eWOTen. 

Skein of the worsted. Piatent Bedin ruga. 



264 Pa«bmt CAMPttzjiB CoMPAjiT, A^^Produoers^ 
Tapeatiy : 'newa of Windaor Caatle, MalTttm HiHs, '^ 

265 PAtSNT UnttCHT CoMPAjiT, 86 SUward Street, 

8pit<UIUkb—FrQdu.etn, 
Laoe onrtatnsi patent nlk laoe dnaa and ourtaina; 
patent laoe qttilt, aOaif, and curtaina; Spaniah mantilla. 



266 PBiBSK, ClaAa, Broad SlMri, JB^iM— Deaigner. 
Groehet bed-quilt, illnati^ated with the Ten Command- 
ments in the centre, with imitation of point lace border. 

The designer 14 years of age. 

267 Penley, E. a., St. Peter's, Margate — Designer 

and Manufacturer. 
Silk patchwork table-cover. 



26B Perbt, Edward, The Rev., 26 PoHland Place, 

Leamington — ^Producer. 
Scarf composed of British silk, being the produce of 
2,000 silk worms, which were kept in an out-house at 
Qoodrich, in Herefordshire. The silk was wound from 
the cocoons and spun by Mrs. Perry and her daughter; 
after which, it vrwi made into the scarf now exhibited. 
The silk is in its natural or raw state, unmanufactiuxsd, 
and the colours of the silk produced by the male and 
female worms are preserved. 

[In a preceding class will be found a brief notice of the 
labours of the late Bfrs. Wliitby to introduce the cul- 
ture of the silkworm into this cotmtry. This notice 
accompanies a banner entirely wrought out of silk pro- 
duced from worms bred in England. In the present, 
as in other instances exhibited, the same success has 
attended this art. — H. E.] 



269 Heald, Benjamin, Old Sidnton, Nottingham — 

Designer. 
A design for Honiton lace flouncings. 



270 
Specimens of knitting by the poor Irish children near 

Limerick. 

271 PimjJPS, Emilt, 166 Bermmdsey Street, 

Souihwark — Producer. 
" La Vendredi:"— eating meat on Friday. 



670 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Centbal Gallery. 



[United 



272 Phillips, Rebecca, Svcanboume, Wuuhu> — 

Manufacturer. 
Ornamental linen-thread pillow-lace. 



273 PiCKTHORN, Esther, George Street, Hockley, near 
Birmingham — ^Hanu&cturer. 
Hearth-rug, raiaed, in needlework. 



274 TiZABD Brothers, 6 Hanway Street, Oxford Street — 

Producers. 
Specimens of Irish pearl work. 



275 Read & Huhphrets, 21 Clare Street, Bristol— 

Manufacturers. 
Folding screen on canvas, worked in cross and tent 
stitches. Two figures playing chess. 



276 RisDON, John, 194 ITigh St., -E!r<?ter— Proprietor. 
Fancy silk and velvet quilt. 

278 Robinson, Miss, Newport Terrace, Bolton, 

Lancashire — Designer. 
Group of flowers worked in a new style, from an oil 
ptdnting, by the exhibitor. 

279 Robinson & Wiuson, Whitehaven — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of carpets. 

280 Rodoers, John, & Son, Islington, near Birmingham 

— ^Manufacturers. 
Purses, embroidered in the weaving: such embroidery 
having been previously done only by hand. 

281 Rolls, Jabies & George, k Son, Lotcer 

Kenninjton Lane — Manufacturers. 
Piece of floor-cloth. 

282 RoLPH, Jonas, Coggeshall, Essex — ^^lanufacturer. 

A dress with two flounces, a fall, a berthe, and a lappet, 
in imitation of Brussels point lace, in tambour- work; 
exhibited for workmanship. 

283 RooME, Ann Emprinoham, Beawnont HUl, Lincoln 

— Designer and Manufacturer. 
South-west view of York Cathedral, worked upon white 
silk, with the rovings of black lutestring and manufac- 
turers* silk. 

284 Royal Victoria Astlum for the Blind, Newcistle- 

upon-Tyne — Designers and Manufacturers. 
Shawl, knitted of wool. Queen's veil, knitted in imi- 
tation of lace. Jenny Lind veil : and baskets. Manu- 
factured by the blind inmates of the asylum. 

285 Russell, Sarah Ann, Bromsgrove, near Worcester 

— Manufacturer. 
Berlin wool work. Subject — Joseph presenting his 
father to Pharaoh. 



288 Sewell, Evans, & Co., 44, 45, k 46 Old Compton 

Street — Proprietors. 
Straw- work on crape» applicable to various other fabrics. 
A patent Axminstcr carpet. 

Rich figured damask silk, brocaded in various colours. 
Plain moire antique. 

Figured damask, made in a Jacquard loom. 
Specimens of knitting, &c., by poor Irish children. 

289 Shakell, Maria, Fanny & Edward, Belle V»e 

Cottage, Shirley, near Southampton — Producers. 
Needlework : Scripture subject, mounted in a frame 
designed and executed by E. Shakell. 

293 Shedden, Hcoh, 38 Stanhopt: Street, Liverpool — 

Manufacturer. 
Royal standard of England, made of bunting, the 
article used for flags in the marine service ; the devices 
embroidered on tho whole cloth, of Berlin wool. 



294 Sheridan, Peter, 22 and 23 Parliament Street, 

Dublin — Manufiicturer. 
Brussels and Kidderminster carpeting, manufactured at 
23 Pimlico, Dublin. Hearth rugs. 



295 Heald, Henry, Old Sidnton, near Nottingham — 

Designer. 
A design for a black lace shawl. 



296 Shirer, Alexander, Cheltenham — ^Designer. 

Cut-pile Brussels carpet, foliage British oak with acom, 
horse-chesnut leaves and blossom, with fern and palm 
leaves. Manufeu^ured by H. Brinton and Sons, Kidder- 
minster. 



297 Shor^ Anne Jane, Wem, near J^^rewsbwy — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 
Crochet needlework silk shawl of new design, having 
four hundred and twenty-five invisible joinings, without 
knots. 



298 Shuldam, Harriet, Danmanwxy, Ireland — 

Producer. 
Lace work. 



299 SiBTHORPE, Fanny Louisa, Limerick, Ireland — 

Producer. 
Piece of Berlin work, subject " Haddon Hall in the days 
of yore ;" and the ' ' Morning of the Chase," in a carved oak 
frame. 



301 Sim, C. J., High Street, Bedford— "Manu&ctureir, 
Bedfordshire pillow-lace. 



302 SiMCOX, G. P., Kiildenninstcr — ^Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Two large finger worsted rugs, containing the arms of 
the borough of Kidderminster. 

Small sample of velvet carpet, made on the occasion of 
the marriage of H.R.H. the late Princess Charlotte with 
Prince Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg. 

Registered pattern of double-breadth second Brussels. 
Registered patterns of Brussels velvet, woven on new 
principle. 

Several coloured designs of carpets called the patent 
beaver, woven by steam-power. 



304 Smith, Mrs. Richard, Bokenden, Staplehurst, 

Kent — Manufacturer. 
Group in wool; the Queen, the Princess Royal, and 
the Prince of Wales. 



307 Stokes, Stephen, Kevin Street Police Barrack, 

Dublin — Inventor. 
Table cover of mosaic cloth-work, representing the 
royal arms; the royal family at a review; the capture of 
the French eagle by the royal dragoons at Waterloo; a 
sketch from Ballingarry; ^'ar chariot, &o.; all composed 
of pieces of cloth fine-drawn together. 

308 SoTTON, Eliza, ^ai<is^<mtf— Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
A fine white crochet bed-quilt, the centre composed of 
a group of flowers, above which are three scriptural sen- 
tences, in English, French, and German; t>elow the 
centre are three other scriptural sentences, in Italian, 
Spanish, and Latin ; at each side is a scriptural sentence 
in English ; in the borders are dates and allusions to th« 
Great Exhibition, in English : the whole finished with a 
wide lace, and lined with pink cambric. 



309 Sutherland, Jankf, Falkirk, Scotland — Inventor^ 
Designer, and Manufacturer. 
Drawing-room table-covor, embroidered with Coloured 
satin on a black satin square or ground; in a new style { 
the flowers, figures, &c., are formed and arranged without 
the aid of drawings or patterns. 



KlSGDOM.] 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Central Gallery. 



571 



310 Tamis, M. L. a., 8 Nelson Street, Momington 
CrttoetU, Camden Toxcn — Designer and Inventor. 
Berlin wool needlework. 
Lamp pillar, &c. 

312 Tatusb, Ann Maria, Middle Chinnock — 

Proprietor. 
Historical piece of needlework in wool — 3iary Queen of 
Scota weeping oyer the dying Douglas. 

313 TsNNUON, Mrs. M. A., 8 Braughton Place, 

Hackney Road — Producer. 
Chair of papier machd, of the Elizabethan style, inlaid 
with mother-of-pearl of all colours, with cushion of 
needlework. 

314 Tbtlet, Mrs., BoWm Place, Bridge Street, Bradford 

— Manufacturer. 

Bed qtdlt, embroidered with cotton on satteen ground. 
Dedgn, a flower vase with wreath and Prince of Wales's 
plume, &c. 

Cot quilt^ embroidered with white floss silk on blue 
ntin. 

315 TsMPLETOii, J., & Co., Glasgow — Manufacturers 

and Patentees. 

Pitent Azminster carpets, intended for drawing-room; 
for dining-room or library; in Persian style, for dining- 
room ordrawing-room; and in Turkey style, for dining- 
room, &c. 

Carpets bordered and chintz fitted for parlour or 
drawing-room; hearth-rugs, patent Axminster; breadth 
earpeting; stair or landSng carpeting; Tourney table 
covers; {sano covers; and door or window curtains. 

[llieae carpets, rugs, &c., are woven in the loom, and 
not tofted or knotted to the warp as in the older method 
of making such goods. The worsted being thrown entirely 
to the rar&oe of the fabric, instead of appearing on both 

the material, and gives a smoother 

>•] 

317 Thwaites, Mary, 4 Qnndrant Road, Lo\rer 

Isliwjton — Proprietor. 
Pine knitted thread ahawl. ValencieDuea lace bonnet. 
Knitted bonnet and panwol. Kmbroidered cambric hand- 
kerchiefs. Cambric pincuHhion, with anus of England 
♦-mbn>idered. Crocliet <rOyley. S|>ecimens of imitation 
Valenciennea lace. Manufactured by the poor children 
of Newry. 

318 TrBBFTViLLE, Smitii, Boyle, & Co., 9 Great 

Mnrlf>t)nj>i4jh Street — Producers. 
AxminKter carpet. Velvet pile tajHistry carpet, de- 
uliO^e*! from native flowern. Brussela carpet, of Elizabe- 
than design, criniHon and oak. 

320 Tbollope, Rose, ♦> Adm Terrace, Kcnsiwjton — 

Pnxlueer. 
Folding screen of tai>eHtry work. 




322 Turner, \.gsv», Sutton Jtectonj, Dartford — 

Maniifjicturer. 
Knittoil laco scarf, three yardrf long, and three quarters 
wMe. 



323 Uphill, Mary Ann, F-ut/iUi Bishop^ Sali^hiiry — 

Derfij^ier and Manufacturer. 

A ciusliion for the toilet, coinpofied <»f thread and fine 
P'ld twirtt of different texture. In the centre of tliin 
woric in intnKluce<l the profile of Her >Lijerfty, Prince 
Alf»ert, and all the Royal Family, with their initials. 
Tlic l»ttnd n)un<l the work ha** thin motto worked in letters 
<»f lace, — " Ivon^ live Vict<»ria Queen of England, Prince 
AllKTt, and all the Royal Family." The whole work is 
orri;une!it<rd ^^•ith the Crown of Kn;!;laiid, the Rone and 
Tlii'*th*. I>ibh>:ui(i Sceptre, and other emblemH of Royalty. 

Twi^t, of iiitlerent texture, in cui<hion laoe. 

A laco iKjarf, and a bafwiuotto lace cradle-cover of 
»inular manufacture. 



324 Veevers, Letitia, Mohill, County Leitrim, Ireland 
— Producer and Inventor. 

Articles manufactured from the fibres of plants and 
flowers, viz. : — ^From the common nettle, pocket handker- 
chiefs trimmed with lace of the same material, shawls, 
scarf, bonnet, parasol, lace collar, and veil; from the 
hemp nettle, parasol and veil; from the Lavatera, parasol 
and veil ; from the honev plant, parasol ; from the sweet 
pea, bonnet and lace collar; from the honeysuckle, bon- 
net and lace collar; from the nasterciimi, parasol; from 
the Keria japonica, bonnet; from the marsh mallow, 
bonnet; from silk, mittens; from the bee plant, a cap. 
Shawl of nettles. 

Specimens of the flax and threads from which the 
preceding articles are manufactured. 



325 Lawson, John, 4 Sidmouth Street, Orat/s Inn Road 

— ^Designer. 
Axminster hearth-rug, manufactured by Blackmore 
Brothers, Wilton. Various designs for caipets. Speci- 
mens painted on ruled paper for the weaver. 

327 The Victoria Felt Carpet Company, 8 Love 
Lane, Wood Street — ^Manufacturers. 

Specimens of patent felt carpeting. Printed and 
embossed table-covers, felt. Embossed window curtains, 
felt. Fine cloth, felt. 

Manufactured at Leeds, and printed in London. 



328 Vincent, Samuel, Turvey, near Olney, Bucks — 

Manufacturer. 
Bedford and Buckinghamshire pillow-lace, veils, lace 
collars, and lace. Name and address in letters, formed 
of lace. Lace, pillow and bobbins, by which the lace is 
worked. 

329 VoKEB, Frederic S. T., 9 Hope Cottages, Cottage 

Grove, Bedford New Road, Clapham Rise — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Superfine scarlet cloth table-cover, braided with up- 
wards of 2,000 yards of black mohair cord, executed with- 
out patteniH or pouncing, on a new principle. 

330 Haves, Eleanor Jane, 24 Richmoml Terrace, L'ast 

Street, Walurorth — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Picture.^ composed of needlework and steel beads : — The 
successful deer-stalkers of the Highlands. Three chorister 
boys. The royal arms of England. Two country girls 
(seated in a shrubbery). The Last Supper. The novelty 
of these articles consist in their being of needlework, and 
forming a surface of gla^, representing figures, animals, 
and foliage. 

334 Ward, Anne, Colerainr, Ireland — Designer and 

Executor. 
Specimens of needlework. View of " The Giant's 
Causeway ;" an " Italian scene," by Veniet ; and an "Arctic 
scene." The p^oundwork is linen in the first view, and 
lutestring in the others. The work is an imitiition of lino 
engraN-ing, and the material employed, cotton and silk 
thread. 

335 Wasubourn, Ann, Great yfarlovc, Bucks — 

Manufacturer. 
A muslin small dress over a blue slip, embroidered. 
A boy's embroidered muslin dress. A child's frock. 



330 Waterhouse, Emma Isabkijjl & Maria Adelaide, 

Clarerinmt Cott'Uje, LofujJJrjvuwjU lioad, Brixton — 
Makers. 
Crochet countcri>anc, 12 feets^iuare, worked in Strutt's 
cotton, representing a variety of flowers; the eentre of 
the counteiiKine a cluster of roses encircled with a wreath 
of flowers and leaves; the insertion c<»m{K)Hed of a v^Teath 
of lilies, entwined round a ])ole; at the four ct)nui-s arc 
a trumjK't flower, a rose, a eonvolvolus, an<l a wihl ms**; 
finishe<l off with a deep e<lpng. The patterns were all 
(loi4igne<l by Wilks, Iti'f^'ent StnM?t. 



572 



Class 19.— TAPESTBY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, 

South Central Gallery. 



[Ukited 



337 Watson, Bell & Co., 35 & 36 Old Bond Street— 
Manufacturers and Importers. 

Extra superfine Axminster carpet, designed by Le^is 
Qruner, Esq., exhibited by Her M^'esty the Queen. The 
design of this carpet is represented in the accompanying 
lithograph drawing. 

Carpet in the renaissance style, designed by John 
LawAon. 

Carpet in the Louis Quatorze style, designed by 
M. Brandeley. 

A superfine Axminster carpet in the Italian style and 
colouring, designed by James Crabb. 

A fine Axmmster carpet, in the Persian stylo and 
colouring, adapted for dining-rooms. All manu&cturod 
by Blackmore Brothers. 

Superfine velvet bordered carpet, crimson and chintz 
designed by John Lawson. 

Brussels carpet, bordered, in the Persian style, applica- 
ble to rooms of any size, at the ordinary cost of Brussels 
carpet. — Designed by John Arbuthnot, and manufactured 
by Watson & Co., Kidderminster. 

Carpets manufactured in the province of Masulipatam, 
and imiM>rted from Madras. 

Real Turkey carpets, manufactured at Ushak, in the 
province of Aidin, and imported from Smyrna. 



338 Watson & Son, Kidderminster — ^Manufacturers. 
A variety of carpets. 

339 Wauch & Son, 3 & 4 Ooodge Street — Designers. 
Royal velvet pile cari>et, purple ground. An allegorical 

design for a caq^t for a Royal palace. 

341 Wells, B. W., Windmill Lane, Cambencell 

— ^Manufacturer. 
Registered floor-cloth, the pattern being an imitation 
of Berlin wool work, printeil in gold and lake colours. 

343 White, Son, & Co., 78 Watling Street, and 
108 Cheapskk — Proprietors. 
Kidderminster, cut pile Brussels, velvet pile tape^tr}', 
and square velvet pile carpets. Printed oloth table- 
covers. Silk worsted damasks. 



345 Whitwell, John, & Co., Kemlal — Designers 

and ManufifM^urers. 
Kidderminster carpeting. Twilled Venetian carpet, 
woven in a power-loom, and with variety of colour and 
texture. Improved Brussels cai-pet, with new arrange- 
ment for pile and texture. Berlin hearth-rug, now 
design and material. 

347 Whitney, E., Cleveland Place, Bath — Designer. 

Embroidered lady^s apron. Coat of arms in needle- 
work. 



349 Williams, Lady Qriffin, Murlborow/h — Producer. 
''The Last Supper," from the painting by Leonardo da 

Vinci, worked in German wool and floss silk. 

350 Wilson, Anne, Ihtcnj^trich, Ireliml — 

Maiuifacturer. 
Fancy work in wool — subject, **Shipi^Tecked sailor;" in 
which new stitches, iuvented by the exhibitor, are intro- 
duce<l to give effect to different parts of the picture. 



351 Wilson, J. & W., Bann'tcfMrn, Stirling, Scotland 

— Manufacturers. 

Brussels carpeting. 

Su(>erfine Scotch carpeting. 

Venetian stair carpeting. 

In the specimen of Scotch caqxjt ticketed No. 1, only 
r>3*i caiils in the Jacquard loom ait* usetl, while the effect 
of three different imttems can be produced ; the pattern 
bfing HO dosiKnofl that it can be made up into three ciu*- 
pet-*<, diffoitsnt from one another in (mttern. 

No. 2 is a fourth vmicty of pattern. 

No. 1, the same carcU bouig uso<l, but differently 
arr.uiged. 



352 Wood, Henbt & Thomas, 22 Watling Street— 

Proprietors. 

Printed and embossed cloth table^overs. Printed all 
over cloth. 

Brussels carpet. 



354 Woodward, B. Hiogins, Kidderminster — 

Manufacturer. 

Large velvet pile carpet, in the ornamental style. This 
species of carpeting is capable of being made to any 
required length or width, and in varied colourings, to 
correspond with other fmniture: and can be produced at 
the ordinary price. 

Specimens of the same pattern in Brussels quality, and 
varied colourings, showing its adaptation to the style of 
any room, with border for the same. 

Specimens of various colourings of the "oak branch," 
in iSrussels quality. 

Specimen sketched from the Acada^ in Brussels quality. 

Specimen of wool netting, for traj oovers. 



355 Woodward, Henry, & Co., Church Street, 
KuUlerminstcr — ^Manufacturen. 

Carpets: — Velvet pile, ruby ground, with stems and 
chintz flowers, and border surrounding it, for dntwing- 
room floors. 

Brussels pile, arabesque pattern, for dining-room floon, 

Brussels pile, scroll on a rich crimson ground, for 
dining-room floors. 

Velvet pile, ivy leaves and stems, lying on moaa and 
wild weeds, for stairs and corridors. 

All registered designs. 



356 WooLCocK, Catherine, 13 New Oufft^e IHreet, 
Portman Square — Mantifketnrer. 
Banner screen. Design, the arms of ^Ebgland, anr- 
rounded with drapery, and intersected with Draoches of 
olive ; with pendant wreaths of the roae, shamrook, and 
thistle, crocheted with silk in numerous ookran. 



357 Wratislaw, Matilda Emily, Hughy, Warwi^^ire 
— Designer and Manufiictarer. 
Cap, worked in crochet in imitation of pcnnt laoe; 
design, rose, trefoil, and thistle. 



358 Wrigut, Crump, & Crane, Kiddermmtter — 

Manufacturers. 

Velvet pile, dining-room, drawing-room, and boudoir 
caq)ets, bonlered complete. 

Brussels carpets, for dining and drawing rooma. 

Stair carpets. 

3G1 TuRTON, S., 19 Prospect Place, Radford, iwnr 

Notthigham — Designer. 
Designs for lace-curtains to be made on single-tior 
machine, size about 10 feet by 7 feet. The portion marked 
off* near the top of the curtain repeated twice on the 
machine, making the length of lace about 15 feet. With 
other designs for lace work. 



305 Roberts, Mrs., TJtwfcy— Producer. 

A knitted countorjuuie. 



307 Chaplin, Charles, 2 Providence Place, Prwpcci 

Jiow, Wociwich — Inventor. 
Table-cover, or bod-quilt, containing 3,230 pieces, and 
127 skeinB of silk. Made by the exhibitor. 

371 Smith &BABER, Knijhtsbridgc—lnYmkUan, 
Designers, and Manufacturera. 

Floor cloth, in imitation of ancient tesselatod pave- 
ments ; comprising a centre and borders, being copies of 
Roman jmvemonts discovered in England. 

Floor cloths, copy of Roman tesselated pavement dis- 
covered in England, and in stylo of Honum teasolatoil 
l>avemont. 



L/vCE ASn EMBROIDERY, &c. 
SiiUTii Cestbai, Cai.i.eiiv. 



(72 BebN'^***;, ^wwJM«GiMn!.C..rt. AVrt,uj„«. 
Knitt.-.! -iiiilt rot fctaWtwIb. S^HkI big. Eihibito.l 



:i8."i Dati-kv, Eliza, P.iij.'h— iruiiifiictunT. 
Wool-work, in Ulit-iiUteli — " Sir W'altur Scott unci 

Hpedmu of fiuMf v tf^t ^i^ in UnUtitoh-Mwa 




Kl!?ODOH,] 



LACE AND EMBROIDERY, &c. 
South Central Gallery. 



573 



372 Bernard, Hon. Jane Grace, Cork, Killrogan, 
BandoHf Ireland — Producer. 
Knitted quilt for a baby's crib. Knitted bag. Exhibited 
on behalf of the workers, the children of Killrogan 
parochial school, Bandon. 



373 Prior, Rev. H. E., Lucan, Dublin— Froducer. 

Specimens of Irish lace, the work of the Lucan Indus- 
trial School. 



374 West, C. Mart, 1 Broiufham Terrace, Kiwjstoum, 
fhMm — Designer, Inventor, and Manufacturer. 

Scarf of black lace, embroidered in a new style, in 
Deccan silk of different colours, interspersed with wings 
of the Indian beetle. 

Flounces for ladies' dress, of same materials and work. 



375 Bates, Jemima, Great Dover Street, Sttrretf — 

Designer. 
Specimens of needlework upon machine net; handker- 
chief; infant's cap. 

377 Dalrtmple, Mart Elizabeth, 37 CosehUl Street, 

Eaton Sqttare — Inventor and Producer. 
Table-cover of fawn-coloured cloth, embroidered with 
chenille; flowery pattern. An embroidered quilt. 

378 Fancodrt, Catherine, Grimsthorpe, near Bourne — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
Fancy bed-quilt. 

379 Ladt BflATORsss (1850), and 150 Ladies of Great 

Britain the executants. The design by John 
W. Pap worth, Esq., Great Marlborough Street; 
the patterns painted bv, and the work executed 
under the superintenaence of, W. B. Simpson, 
West Strand. 

A Berlin wool carpet^ 30 feet long and 20 feet wide, 
worked in detached squares, which have been subse- 

Suently joined t<^ther to form the complete design. An 
liutration of a hranch of manufacture which may afford 
i*j itf» fxocutant.s a recoini>onso more H})er!il than they can 
obtiiin in morft other sorts of needlework. 

Thiu manvifivcturo nuiy also ai»[)ly to the entire decora- 
ti«»n of a r»x>m, as tapestrj', funiitiire, &c. The initials 
of the executuits form the ornament of the outi^ido 
b<»rder. The whole desii^n is eonnected by wre^iths or 
baii'L* of leaves and foliage, the centre ^oup representing 
the f'tttrv from whence they hxive been distributed. 

r.irt of the patterns of the IJerlin wool caq>t»t exhi- 
bit<*<i by Her Majesty. The whole design is p.dnted in 
ofic pie<'e JVH a j»ict»jre; on being Hulxlividetl the wpiares 
have the thr».-a«l lines ]»nnted upon them. 15y this aminge- 
iiient the s<*tting out the pattern or second painting on 
ivjuare<l pa|K'r from a picture first made is rendered 
unnecejwAT}'. 

'>HO Stokes, Stephen, 4 li irt/i<>lnnir>r close — 

DesigiuT and Inventor. 
Ilittle of CJrand Cairo in needlework, ten feet liy forty. 
Arnaig the various figures, Napole«m 15uonap;irte is most 
pr»miiieat. 

.'IS'J BraYSH.vw, John, 11h C/ityh SV.rtY, L'iw^,i^trr — 

IVotlucrr. 
f'otmteq«\ne of mosaic noi»«llework, 12 feet long by 
r'fe»'t wide. tli\ i. led into I I e«»inj»,irtnients, e.urh repre- 
»i.»Titing a J^•l•ul;u• jtrint, worked »ip of coloured picves of 
rh'th. witii'.ut e<>l< Hiring m;vttA;r ; with scroll on the 
\- I \'T. 'if n»\v (li'ijn. 

'.\^ \ \io<y., r.l.IZAIM:TH. <>.rfnr'l — Designer. 

r!ie\.il <^ reen. in nee«llework, conveiiible into a chcss- 
t.iMe, with a Worked top. 

,'l**4 Kiddle, Jo><HrA, .V /(-Inventor. 

W»%e!i ciishi'»n, C'>mpl«'ted in tin- l(M)m without the 
aa 1 "f noc llework; figured on l)»)th side^. 



385 Oatley, Eliza, Devizea — Manufacturer. 

Wool-work, in tent-stitch — '* Sir Walter Scott and 
family." 

Specimen of fancy needlework, in tent-stitch — samo 
subject. 

386 Gux, WiujAH Lewis, ColyUm, Axmmster — 

Manufacturer. 

Honiton lace: — Portion of an original design, intended 
for the flounce made for Her Majesty. 

Portion of a new design for a scarf. 

Collars in various designs. 

Colyton chromatic silk berthe, made on the pillow. 

Silk lappet, designed from the Alhambra, made on tho 
pillow. 

Lace scarf, berthe and sleeves. 

Patterns of lace. 



387 Chinchen, Ann, Swanage, Dorset — Producer. 

Fancy-work in straw plait, manufactured by the hand, 
at Swanage; and used for making hats, bonnets, and 
baskets. 

388 Aters, Wiujam, Newport Pagnell, Bucks — 

Producer. 
Specimens of Buckinghamshire pillow-lace pieces. 

389 Barclay, Helen, Tongue, by Golspie, near Aberdeen 

— Designer and Manufacturer. 

Specimens of stair carpet, shaded, having six native 
coloiurs ; of carpet, tartan pattern, having one native and 
two purchased dyes; and of knitted hearth-rug, heather 
pattern, having three native and one purchased dyes; all 
of Sutherland wool. Specimen of knitted, white, figured 
bed-curtains. Counterpane and toilet-cover, of kmtted 
cotton thread. Knitted white thread window-shade. 

Knitted worsted shawl, Victoria pattern ; Sutherland 
wool, native dye. Cravat, " Sutherland Cat" pattern, of 
same wool, natural colours. Card, with samples of native 
dyes in wool, &c. 

Specimens of mattress, made of drift sponge, found on 
the shores of Tongue. 

Specimens of the i*aw materials of native dyes : — 1 . Cro- 
tal, or stone rag dying bro>\'u, re^iuiring no nionlant, 
very dm*able, and found in abun<lance on tho rocks, 
stones, trees, &c. 2. Kue, or the root of a strong grassy 
plant, found in the sandbanks along tho shore, dyeing 
orange, light or deep, and ret^uiring no mordant. 

[In a country like this, afl well aa over tho Highlands 
genendly, where there is a suiKjrAbundanco of female 
labour, the extension of domestic manufacture l)ocomea 
of considerable im[)ortance, and the using of tho native 
dyes, particularly tho crotal an<l tho rue, contribute (as 
showni in the specimens exhibited) to the sources of 
employment for the people, and constitute a consideniblo 
annual saving in the purch.'we of tho dyes, where a j>eoplo 
manufacture, as they do there, tho wool of their own 
sheep for clothing, &c. 

There ai'o many wiM phuits, natives of Great Britain, 
which furnish valuable dyes and colouring matter of 
great brilliiuicy; few of these have found their way into 
commerce. The "crotal" mentioned by the exhibitor is 
a lichen, one of many i^>//ft<-/>ithic plants allie<l to tho 
orchil lichens, abounding in Scotland and elsewhere in the 
British Islands, and very capahle of being turned to good 
account. The "drift sponge" used for matrassing is the 
IfitUrh-nt,!, ii ucnl'itii, a true sponge, cast on shore plenti- 
fully on many parts of our coiist, both north and south, 
but not hithei-to aipplied to any useful puqujse. — E. F. ) 

:V,}0 JaCKSOV & (JUAH VM. 17 & 08 O.rfnnl Strdt— 

lVod;;e«*rs. 
London carjx't ; tli(? Imrdrr f'»nned by pnlin h»aves and 
flowei's; shields with fi uit in e;u'Ii omer; gr- »up of tlowei-s 
in tho centi-e; juid lill.' 1 up with crimson scrolls «»n ma- 
rone ground. 



574 



Class 19.— TAPESTRY, CARPETS, FLOOR CLOTHS, LACE, EMBROmEBY, &c. 

South Central Gallbby. 



Carpet, of Moresque design. 

Carpet, with flower upon dark marone ground, border 
in panels, and medallions, with arabesque scrolls and 
flowers. 

Specimens of velvet pile carpets . Patent tapestry velvet 
carpet and border; design, orchidaceous plants upon dark 
green ground. Carpet, — roses upon dark marone ground. 

London rugs. 

Carpet loom at work. {North Transept), 



391 Tawton, Mart, 9 Union Street, PlymoutK-- 
Manufacturer and Designer. 

Child's cloak, braided^ embroidered, and interspersed 
with open work. 

Its novelty consists in the introduction of open work 
into French merino; exhibited for the style of braiding, 
the embroidery, and the difficulty of execution. The 
open woik, idmough having the appearance of insertion, 
is worked in the same material. 



392 Penlet, E. a., Groioe noiue, St, Peter's, Margate 
— ^Designer and Manufacturer. 
Silk patch-work table cover, box pattern, containing 
upwards of 2,000 pieces, and 500,000 stitches. 



393 Peabse, C, ^a^A — ^Designer and Executor. 

Quilt in white crochet, with ^e Ten Commandments 
worked in. 

394 Bbnnoch, Twentyman, & Rigg, 77 Wood Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Black and coloured ribbons. Shoe ribbons and ferrets. 
Silk handkerchiefs. 

For dresses, mantles, &o.: — Cameo, lace, and self- 
quilling trimmings. Fancy braids. 

Silk fringes, pLiin, glac^, Naples, and fancy headings. 
Bullion fringes, plain and fancy headings. Silk gimps 
and cords. Qirdles. 

Qimp, strand, and Naples cord on bobbins, for manu- 
factiu-ing purposes. Silk and cotton wire fur bonnets. 
Silk laces for boots. 



Sewing-silk, for the use of tailors and milliners. 

Silk twist, in balls and on spools, for the use of tailors. 

Netting-silk, for purses, hair nets, kc. 

395 Beavis, J., 27 Mint Street, Borough — ^ManufBcturers. 
. A hearth rug. 

396 Heal & Son, Tottenham Court Boad-^ 

Manufacturers. 

A crimson satin eider-down quilt, with white satin 
border, embroidered in colours. (This quilt is represented 
in the accompanying Plate 141.) 

Duv^t in blue and gold silk, filled with eider-down, to 
lay across the foot of a bed. 



398 Szaffeld, Leah, 4 Dean Street, Fuubury Sq 

Producer. 

Portrait of Her Majesty and His Royal Highni 
Prince Albert, in Berlin wool work. 

Cartoon: subject, "The finding of Motes in the bull- 
rushes," in Berlin wool work. 

399 HiNDLET & Sons, 134 Oxford Street— Detagoen 

and Manufijcturers. 
Rich velvet carpeting. English hand-wrought carpets, 
Turkish style. Orientol carpets. 

400 Bentinck, Colonel Henrt, for Bobest PAuna 

— Producer. 
A table-cloth, showing, in embroidery, the Royal Arms, 
and different devices, made by Robert Palmer, a private 
soldier of the 1st battalion Coldstream Guards. 

403 Underwood, W., 1 Vere Street, Oxford Street — 

Manufacturer, 

Heraldic tapestry hanging, being a new implication of 
heraldry to tapestry, hangings, portieres. Sec. The Royal 
Arms in the centre can be replaced by those of any other 
family. 

Tapestry hangings of silk and worsted combined. The 
design composed from the artichoke and its foliage, 
adi^ted for hangings and portieres. {North Central Oai- 
lery.) 




in. cuMfOK uim KiEm Dom odilt, win wnm umt 



y 




ARTICLES OF GLOTHIKG,^ FOB IMMEDIATE, PEBSOKAl 
OR DOMESTIC USE. 



INTRODDCTIOH. 



trp'* *—**, tooMtni in ito Ndal idatkna, thia CUm reqnfaM but ■ dwrt jnUUirj notta^ 
■■ It doM arUcta, whiA the nqmnmeots of AUj life hara nnderad (iuniliar to OTciy penon ; itfll, 
t mpeot. It bai ita interat. nwediiig CImm* have nfinted to Om pnidaottan m wtuit m^ to 
ripiiliil m the imw material of cHoQaag, the pnaent Claaa appean aa tba rop r c a m taliTe of tho mom advanood 
aUaa tti mannfiuton to iriiich ooOoa, flax, ailk, and woollai gooda an carried, in tbait adaptation to penooal 

._ . •'evm. Hm nnwiDOf^t nestaUe oc animal fibra baa toon pveaented tonotioei toliaBqnaitly IIm 

l^irhkliitwaaoperaediipaninawbotoTy; after thia, the raodnct ctf tto mann&ctnnr ; and, m tt - 



■toatfap. ita ^^toatiao to tboae wants for the ntp^; of whScli the flhie UaaU ia ftiiidially 

lbs title ot die CIsm will •ogseat tlie mnlti&rtoDa otjeda wUoh bU natonllr within ibi oommdwdn 
■ bri^ The SnMTIaana ve aa followa : — A. Hata, Ci^ and Bcameti, of variooa tnatarial« ; B. Boukj, at 
CWla^ WaoDen, and Bnk; C. Olorea, (tf Leather and othnr materiala ; D. Boota,Bhoea,andLaata; E. Under 
CloOlfBCi r. Upper Clothing. 

In ttsBidldtng thoaewlio an ^edaUv inteierted in tbeae artldee will meet with tbcm diiplq«d in amie^ 
of CMai, and in othw w^a, in the Santa Tnuaept Oallerr. 

na naanbctoriM of honeiy, itiaw pl^t, and boota and dioea, have a looal eatabliahmeat in thia ooimtrj 
which ia deeerring of attcotioD ; th&t of Iwiery is principal]^ confined to Derby, Nottiniibam, and Leicester. 
Cotton honeiy ia chiefly msdo in Nottinahom, as also is tixe silk hosiery ; the latter bein^ likewise largely 
ondncted in Derby. Woollen hoaiery is moat exteDBlvely produced in Leicestershire. ITie alatiatics of these 
trades have been rarefnlly prepared and are very inleresting. The annual value of cotlon hosiery is Uken at 
e80,00(X. ; that of worsted, &c. is 870,0001. ; and of silk 241,O0W. In the manufacture of these goods it is 
(stimsted that 4,&64,000 lbs. of raw cotton wool are used— «, 3 18,000 lbs. of English wool nnil 140,000 lbs. of 
ailk. The total number of perstxis deriving support from this msnuracture is about 73,000, and about 
1,060,000(. of floating capital ia coutddcred to be employed in the various branches of the trade. 

The mannfactnre of straw-plait is carried on chiefly at St. Albans, Dunstable, Tring, and a few other places. 
Tiiat of boots and ehoea is conducted on a very large scale at Northainpton, from which place vast quantities of 
these articles are sent out ready for wear. Worcester, Dundee, and Woodstock are celebrated for their glove 
manafactniM. 

It is interesting to notice among the variety of objects exhibited in Ibia Class, the ingenious and patient 
eflbrts made to apply to economical purposes, materials derived either from the vcpotable or animal kingdoms. 
New uses of known materiala are shown — and, more imjiortantly, the use of new niateriala. The introduction 
of such materiala ia always slow and difficult, but is ultimately certain, if thcynre fo\md to fulfil the indicationa 
which are considered as first requisites in a substance to bo used by the manufacturer. — R. T,. 



1 Bncuiism. Wuxux, & Co., 3A'<w Burlington 

Street — Dnicners. 
Court mit, in detail ; proponed ss a subgtituts for that 

Chaoo, M at preHQt worn by infantry of the line. 

New b«*d-draaa fur infantry of the lino, adapted to 
variooa climatv; fitting tn the head with equable pros- 
■are, and with adjiutiiig veatilator, proposed sa S sut>- 
atitals for Uie cluco now in use. 

UDdrass etKt for offlcen of the line, proposed ss a sut>- 
•titirts for the shell Jacket. 

2 ttmn, Foma, & Co., il »«J Street, CheapMe— 
Hanubctureis. 

of Ikwn-akia and cmh driving gloves sod 
Flum^e plush, regal relvet, patent plush 



taffeta, and other new fabrics in gloves sad ^untleta. 
Lace mitlB, machine made. Silk luilf-hoes, emoroidered 
by band. Polka jacket*, in new ahapoe and patterns, 
made by machineir, and very aupcrior in Gniah to those 
made by hand. specimeDS of children's hooda, boots, 
bootakins, and gaitera. Samples of Scotch hoaieiy, of 
superior texture and finish, 

[Gloves are of great antiquity in thia island, ss the 
word is evidently derived from the Anglo-Saxon "glot." 
They are not mentionod in Scripture ; but were in use 
among the Komsna in the time uf Pliny the youogw. 
Xenophon etatea, that their use among Uie Peniana, was 
considered a proof of their luxurious habits. Qlovea 
have had msny symbolical meanings. The gooutlet, or 



[OmasL UiDBTBATn) Cstsimiiik.] 



3 Y 



576 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OP CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Gallery. 



[United 



glove, thrown down, was a mode of challenge ; and still 
is practised as one of the forms at a royal coronation. 
Queen Elizabeth, it is well known, was very fond of 
gloves, of which numerous presents were made to her. 
White gloves are also presented to the Judges on occasion 
of a maiden assize, the exact significance or origin of 
which practice has never been satisfactorily explained. 
Leather gloves are now made at Worcester, Yeovil, 
Woodstock, and London; and were formerly made at 
Leominster and Ludlow, but the trade in the latter places 
is quite decayed.] | 

3 Taylor, William George, 285 Regent Street — 

Proprietor. 

Balbriggan lace-stockings, of fine texture and elaborate 
patterns. Balbriggan stocldngs, of the full size, weighing 
9 ounces. 

Lambs-wool stockings, knitted by the hand at Ballin- 
dine. Mayo, Ireland. 

Specimens of hand-knitting, in hosiery, bv children at 
Ballindine, exhibited for regularity and workmanship. 



4 Hall, J. Sparres, 308 Regent Street — Manufacturer. 
Elastic stocking-net boots, elastic webbing, and im- 
proved elastic materials for boots and shoes. 

5 Peart & Dossetor, 12 and 13 Poultry — Inventors. 
Four-threads cotton glove half-hose. Patent Angola 

mnd silk glove half-hose. 

Ladies' four-thread glove hose. Black and white silk 
glove hose. 

Cotton and woollen drawers, with elastic ribbed cotton 
gussets. 

Railroad caps and protectors. Improved nightcaps. 
Silk shirt fleeced, for rhemnatism. Fine real Welsh 
flannel. Silk and Segovia half -hose. Improved worsted 
braces, with broad shoulder-plates. 

6 Pope & Plaste, 4 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of hosiery. Beaver fur stockings, and scarf, 
made on the hosiery frame. 

Registered elastic netted corsets, of silk and caoutchouc. 
Elastic netted belt, stockings, socks, leggings, and knee- 
caps. Cotton and silk stockings, and other apparel. 

7 Nevill, J. B. & W. & Co., 1 1 Oresham Street West— 

Manufacturers. 

Men's cotton half-hose; striped various, made prin- 
cipally for export; striped red and blue, superior colour 
and manufacture ; and made colours. 

Women's white linen thread hose, and men's linen 
thread half-hose, made from Irish flax. 

Gentlemen's imitation silk thread half-hose and caps, 
solid colours; and cotton half- hose, pink. 

Ladies' imitation silk thread hose, fine, very fine, and 
coloured; the same, open-worked very fine, and cotton 
improved pattern. 

Gentlemen's open-worked caps for warm climates and 
summer wear. 

Ladies' white cotton hose adapted for Spain and South 
ofEuro|>e; white hose manufactured from Colonial cot- 
ton, of improved elasticity ; and patent black cotton 
hose, colour fast and clean. 

Men's white cotton pantaloon drawers with improved 
broad linen waistbands. 

Ladies' white cotton chemises manufactured with im- 
proved sleeves and shoulder portion in a superior manner 
throughout. 

Gentlemen's atout merino wool pantaloon drawers, with 
supporting elastic knee. 

Ladies' extra fine Australian wool waistcoats, with long 
sleeves, &c., improved in softness and preparation, pink 
and scarlet. 

Ladies' cotton waistcoats, improved shapes, light and 
durable. 






Gentlemen's mixed silk and Australian wool n^der 
waistcoats, improved shapes, liffht and warm. 

Ladies' extra fine merino wool hose, improved slasticitT, 
warm and free from shrinking; and gentleman's half- 
hose of the same wool. 

Gentlemen's cotton hose with mixed silk and wo<d 
ankles. 

Ladies' fine mixed silk and wool hose, superior frame 
work. 

Ladies' superfine bleached and unbleached cotton waist- 
coats, improved shapes and manufacture : these are shaped 
in the frame to any size and figure. 

Men's stout and fine unbleached cotton pantaloon 
drawers, new ribbed waistbands, and doulue frame- 
worked substance. 

Ladies' extra fine Australian wool and fine Cashmere 
wool under waistcoats. 

Gentlemen's fine Cashmere wool under waistcoats, im- 
proved in softness. 

Men's stout worsted and extra fine worsted under 
waistcoats. 

Men's striped shirts or Guernseys for eiport or sea- 
men's use. 

Men's white cotton half-hose, and l»own cotton half- 
hose, various qualities. Ladies' cotton hose, rose ooloar. 

8 Gregory, Cueitt, & Co., 15 Aldermanbttnf — 
Importers and Manu&cturers. 

Straw, from the wheat rick; cut^into lengths and 
sorted into sizes; washed and bleached, for cutting into 
splints; and cut into splints, for plaiting. 

Plait, made fr^m the whole pipe-straw, called wbole 
straw-plait; made from the straw cut into spUnts, called 
split straw-plait; and made from the sfuints united, 
called patent straw-plait. 

Bonnet, made from the whole pipe-straw, called "whole 
straw" bonnet; made from the split straw-plait, called 
"split-straw" bonnet; and made from the plait> 
the splints united, called a "patent straw" bonnet. 

Specimens of different kinds of straw-plaiting, 
cord, whole straw, cord patent, China pearl, &c. 

Plait, made from the splints, with the straw xerened, 
called "rice patent plait. 

Various kinds of rice plait. 

Bonnet made from rice patent plait. 

Tuscan grass, as imported; as cut into lengths, and 
sorted into sizes; and as washed and bleached, and pre- 
pared for plaiting. 

Plait made from the stem of the Tuscan grass, called 
" dark Tuscan plait; " and made frt>m the upper part of 
the grass, called "light Tuscan plait." 

Bonnet made from the dark Tuscan plait. 

Hat made fr^m the light Tuscan plait. 

Specimens of the various kinds of Tuscan plait. 

Block of wood, as cut from the poplar tree ; aa cot 
into splints for plaiting; the splints washed and bleached 
for plaiting. 

Specimens of various kinds of plaiting; from the splints 
called " British chip plait." 

Bonnet made frx>m a piece of the same, called "Britisli 
chip bonnet." 

Block of wood from the willow tree ; as cut into 
splints, for weaving into square sheets; the splints washed 
and bleached, prepared for weaving. 

Specimens of willow square she^, from the loom. 

The willow shape, for the foundation of silk bonnets. 

White willow bonnet; coloured willow bonnet^ made 
from the sheets. 

Straw splints, for weaving into trimmings. 

Specimens of straw trimmings ; the loom in which thej 
are made. 

Bonnet, made from the straw trimming. 

Horse-hair in its rough state; and washed and bleached 
for wea>'ing into trimmings. 

Specimens of horse-hair trimming. Bonnet made fixm 
it. 

Flag-grass, as imported from Cuba ; and as washed, 
bleached and cut, prepared for plsitiDg; hats^ from the 
same, called " Braslian hats." 



Kdtgdoh.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



577 



[PUit-ttnw 18 the straw of the wheat plant, selected 
mpockHj from crops grown on dry chalky lands, such as 
those about Dunstable. The middle part of the straw 
aboT€ the last joint is selected ; it is cut into lengths of eight 
or ten indies, and these are then split. The Leghorn or 
Tuacan plait is the straw of a variety of bearded wheat, 
grown expressly on poor sandy soils, pulled when green, 
and then bleached. Other kinds of the grass tribe, 
besides wheat, furnish straws available for plait-work. — 
K.F.] 

9 PUCB & Habvet, 6 Pilgrim SttrH, Ludgaie Hill, and 
Tott€nham — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

The white bonnet, patented by the exhibitor, which 
win dean, and alter to any shape, and look equal to new. 

The registered carriage bonnet, composed of crape 
lisae, with tofts of silk, worked by the needle, in all 
coloun. 

The drev opera bonnet, composed of gauze and ribbon 
of peculiar make. 

fionnet composed of ribbon and aroephane, for the 
ctningp or pfomenade. 



10 VtMLD, Jas., & Sons, 114 Fore street, Cripplegate, 
aid Harpenden, Herts — Manufacturers. 

Improved Dunstable bonnet; twisted edge whole pipe 
Dunstable; split straw bonnet; double split straw, called 
a patent Dunstable; rice straw bonnet, plaited with the 
roqgli side out; satin straw bonnet with rock edge; fancy 
crochet and black and white fancy mixed bonnet; black 
and white satin and fancy rock mixed bonnet. 

Straw bonnets in new designs and combination of 
materials. Specimen of wheat straw from which pipes 
are drawn for plaiting; and of the inner pipe drawn from 
the wheat straw. 

for splitting straws of various degrees of fine- 



Unbleached straw plaiting; the same, clipped and 
bleached; block of wood of the poplar-tree; bleached 
i^hanngs of the same for plaiting. 

Black and white satin and crimped Bplit straw Chiuese 
hat. 

Black and white crochet and split straw " Due d'Au- 
male" hat. 

Green and white ladies' crimiMHl hatfl. 

[The straw-plait manufacture has had itA local esta- 
blishment in England about eighty yearn, and Is now 
cjtrried on principally in Be<lfor(l«hire, Hei-ts, Jind Buck- 
inghamAhire: at Dunstable this manufacture him long 
l»«rcn aucceasfully pro9ecute<l, and employH large numbers 
of individualM. The name of this town ha« been con- 
ntx'ted with that of- its procluctions, and used to charac- 
teri«e certain descriptions of stniw-plait. "W^iole Dun- 
•ta)jli»," signifies that the plait i.-' formed of seven entire 
-«truw«, and "patent DuriMtable," that it conniHtH of 
f'urt«5en split straws. This hwt manufacture haa been 
introduced about ludf a century. The splitting of the 
straw i» effected by the machine exhibited. — K. E.] 



1 1 Vtbe 8c Sons, 16 Wood Strctt — Manufacturers. 

Lndifa*' bonnets of finest quality, produced from wheat- 
iPtraw, plaited and made up by the hand. 

Split; fancy, AllK>ni edge; jwitent rice, fancy split, em- 
broid^rwl TuMan e<lge. 

Ladies' bonnets of fjuicv horse-hair and straw: black — 
b*^r»«?-hAir, blonde, and straw ; white — hr»r»e-hair, blonde, 
axid «traw; bhie— horse-hair and blonde; white — horse- 
hair and blonde; ^offere<l —horse-hair and straw-phut. 
Th«» material made bv the loom, and sewn into boimetd 
It the hand. 

I>»trhom l>onnet« made of material produced in Italy. 

All of Britiikh manufacture. 



12 Welch A Sons, 44 Quiter Lane, Cheapside — 
Inventors and Manufacturers. 

1. Staple article, wheat straw. 

2. Straw pipes as prepared for plaiters' use. 

3. Straw splitters and splittings. 

4. Specimens of straw plaits. 

5. Gloffered split straw bonnet. 

6. Fine patent bonnet in fancy design. 

7. The original split straw bonnet, consisting of 140 
^ards of plait, which required 292,320 operations in plait- 
mg during seven weeks, and took ten days in sewing. 

8. SpUt straw bonnet with goffered design. 

9. British Italian split straw bonnet. 

10. Fine patent fancy bonnet. 

11. Mourning fancy straw bonnet. 

12. Fancy straw exhibition edge. 

13. Child's rice patent bonnet. 
14 — 17. New lace fancy bonnets. 

18 — 23. Crinoline and lace fancy bonnets. 
24, 25. Crinoline fancy bonnets. 

26. Leghorn and lace fancy bonnet. 

27. Tuscan and lace bonnet. 
28—30. Girls' fancy hats. 

31. Qirl's gipsy bonnet. 

32, 33. Boys* straw hats. 
34. Infant's rice straw hat. 



13 Allan, James, 158 Cheapside — Manufacturer and 

Designer. 

Split straw bonnet ; design formed by hand. White 
Italian chip ; prepared and manufacturad in England, 
Hair and chenille — English. Goffered crinoline and straw; 
English. Crinoline and cordonnet ; design formed by 
hand. 

Bedford straw. Goffered straw. Rice straw. Dun- 
stable straw. Choice specimen of whole straw, plaited 
by an old woman 80 years of age. 

Embroidered crape bonnet. Boy's rice straw hat. 
Young lady's hat. Tuscan hat, with painted satin 
trimming. 

14 Spurden, W00LI.EY, SAND>m«, & Co., 42 Friday 

M/tv/ — Mjmufacturers. 

Bonnet, exhibited ft>r colour, dcsij^n, and execution. 

Bonnet, ma<le of English split-straw i)lait, exhibited 
for manufacture and workman.ship. Made by hand 
labour; itoccui)ied 48 hours in making; antl, though con- 
taining 1)1 > yards of plait, is very light. 

Bonnet, made of English plait, showing the inner side 
of the straw. 



15 W00DUOUSE& LrcKSiAN, 33 W(^»il Street, Cheapside — 
Designei-s and Manufacturers. 

Bonnets, manufaictured from the Enj^lish willow-tree, 
exhibited on account of their lightness and moderate cost. 

The crystid bonnet. 



IG WiNGRAVE Si, Sons, 02 U'.xh/ Street, and at St. Albans 

- Manufacturers. 
Variety of bonnc^ts and hats. 
Whole stmw bonnet. 
Split straw hat double and single. 
Inverted straw hat, commonly called rice. 
White and coloured willow hiits. 
Stmw and willow hat^, mixed. 
White willow and palmetto leaf hats. 
Palmetto laif and stmw hat, mixed. 
Double sf>lit stmw hat. 
Tuscan stmw hat. 
Palmetto leaf matting, 
Palmetto k»iif and stmw ha«>«ock. 
Palmetto Iciif ladies' work-lxisket. 

[.\ variety of different materials have l>ecn cmploye<l 
at different times for the manufacture of bonnets luid liat<). 
Wheat stmw, grown in different localitit«, j^osse-'ses, 
different char.vctt^ristic qualities, which re'uder it ailapt^'d 
for the finer or for the coarser descriptions of straw-plait 

•J Y J 



678 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OP CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Gallery. 



[Uhitid 



manufactures. The inversion of the straw g^ves to 
the plait a peculiar appearance, which has commonly 
led to the opinion that a different material has been 
employed. The palmetto leaf, and the willow hats and 
bonnets, exhibit some recent applications of new materials 
for this purpose. — R. E.] 

16a Long, Qeorqe, LoudwcUer, Wycomb, Bucks — 
Inventor, Designer, and Manufacturer. 
Hats and bonnets made upon a lace-pillow— -1. Straw 
plait and silk. 2. Horse-hair. 3. Manilla hemp. 
4. Twisted grass. 5. Straw and silk. Designs registered 
by the exhibitor. 

17 HoMAN & Co., 39 & 40 ChiawcU Street, Itnshury— 

Manufacturers. 
Printed regatta and other shirts; flannel vests; braces; 
purses; riding belts; garters, &o. 

18 PniLLPOTrs, Mart Anne, 37 North AwUcy Street 

— ^Proprietor. 
Figure of a lady in full court dress, in the reign of Her 
Majesty Queen Victoria, 1851. 

19 Paterson, J., Wood Street, Cheapside — Manufacturer. 

Fancy cravats. Black satin stocks. Improved braces, 
belts, collars. Shirt front, plaited in the loom. 

20 NevilLj Alfrx3>, & Co., 121 Wood Street, Cheapside 

— Producers. 
A piece of Irish linen made from the finest flax. A 
shirt, shirt-front, and collars, made from the above piece 
of linen. Richly embroidered neck-tie. 

21 Capper & Waters, 26 Regent Street, St. Jameses — 

Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Twelve shirts, all differing in form, including registered 
inventions, and of varied substances, in linen, cotton, 
wool, and silk, viz. corazza, giubba, frock, himting, Cana- 
dian ; tourist sottanello ; opera, embroidered ; court, new 
form of frill; fatigue, elastique transpirante; Carlisle 
jacket; sottanello, single and double breast. Dressing 
C^wn, with trousers & la Turque. Detached shirt-fronts 
and collars, various. 

22 Ablbtt & Wheeler, 234 Regent Street, and 

23 Poultry — Manufacturers. 
Shirt of peculiar construction, without buttons. 
Child^B jacket, pair of gaiters, and pair of gloves, exhi- 
biting specimens of English embroidery. 

23 Reid, W., 51 Conduit Street, Hanover Square— 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
The registered "sans-pli'* shirt. 

24 Brie, Joseph, & Co., 189 Regent Street — 

Producers and Designers, 
^lirt fronts, including the newest patterns, in runnings, 
stitchings, veinings, and embroidery. 
Shirts of an improved cut. 
Embroidered handkerchiefs and flannel waistcoats. 



25 Marshall, William, 80 licgent Street — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Registered improved shaped shirt, cut to fit the 
shoulders, &c. 

26 Powell, S., 52 Regent Street — Inventor and 

Patentee. 
Bisunique, or reversible garments, coats, vests, trou- 
sers, paletots, &c. The royal bisunique jacket, con- 
structed of cloth which has two distinct faces of contrast- 
ing colours, in one fabric. 



27 Barnes, Thos. & Qbo., 9 New Court, Qosvxll Street — 
Designers and Manufacturers. 
Registered buckskin braces, of new and old designs; 
ejdiibited as specimens of execution; the improvement 



consists, partly, in the attachment of the valcamzed 
India-rubber spring by adhesion. 
Flexible razor strops. 

28 Hemmino, Edward, 6 Piccadilly— Deofpaor. 

A model shirt, intended, by its peculiar shape, to adjost 
itself to the body and neck. Made of fine Mftn#%iio«^<»»» 
long cloth and Irish linen. 

29 Smith, John E*, 3 Lawrence Lane — ^Manafiustorer. 
Shirt, formed without the aid of seams or gathers. 
Specimen of Moravian needlework, illustratiiiig the 

growth of flax; with the rose^ shamrock, and thistle. 

30 Porter, Thomas, 94 Strand— ISMmhctxaer, 
Specimen of a shirt cut on mathematical prindplea. 

31 Wagner, Louisa & Marian, ^DoddingUm Orooe — 

Designers and Manufacturera. 

Plume of registered feathers and rosettes, in ooloured 
moludr silk. Hand-netted silk handkerchief head-drcieses; 
the same in floss silk, with lappets. 

Fancy bracelets, of various designs, produced hr hand 
from common braid. Fancy silk (all hand-netted) dresa 
caps. Hand-netted Florence-pattern berthe, and dresa 
sleeves made of plain silk twist and fancy floes silk. Neck- 
tie of same material, en suite. Dress, opera, and ball capay 
assorted, of gold, silver, and chenille. F-^igl^^i moliair 
crochetted morning, smoking, or reading caps. 

32 Atloff, John Qboroe, 69 New Bond Street — 

Inventor. 
Ladies* shoes of various materials. 
Silk slippers, embroidered in gold^ with the Queen's 
arms. 
Ladies* silk boots. Ladies* half boots. 



32a Caplin, R. a., 58 Bemers Street, Oxford Street, and 
55 Princes Street, Manchester — ^Manofiwiiirer, 
Designer, and Inventor. 
Patent improved self-adjusting corsets and child's bod- 
dice, ladies* belts, &c., constructed in accordance with 
our present knowledge of anatomy and physiology, and 
calcinated to promote the health and comfort of the 
wearers. 



33 Weatherhead, Henrt, 27 Panton Street, 

JIaymarket — Manufiicturer. 
Silk and India-rubber braces. Qros-de-Ni^leebeli, with 
silk and India-rubber springs. 

34 Nicoll, Benjamin, 42 Regent OrcHt, and 

46 Lombard Street — ^Manu&ctorer. 
Shirt of a new material, in silk. Shirt of Irish linen. 
Hunting shirt. 

35 Christts, 35 Gracechurch Street, London, and Stock- 

port, near Manchester — Hat Manufacturmm and 
Hatters' Furriers. 

Specimens, illustrating the manufacture of hats, con- 
sisting of materials in the raw state, prepared for use, and 
in the different stages of manufacture, up to the finished 
state. 

Beaver. — Beaver skin, dark colour; the same with the 
coarse hair taken off. Beaver skins, silvery colour; the 
same with the coarse hair taken off one side, wiUi the tar 
partly cut off by the cutting machine. Musquash skin; 
the same with coarse hair taken off. The preceding are 
the produce of the Hudson's Bay Company's territoriea. 

Newtria skin, as imported from Buenos Ayres; the saoae 
with the coarse hair taken off. Vicuna skin firom the 
Andes, as imported from Lima. Rabbit skins — home. 
Hare skins— home and Turkish. 

Machine for cutting the fur off the skin, by r»«inc it 
stretched through rollers over a sharp blaaOy against 
which it is struck by the fall of an iron beam worked bj 
a crank, and so adjusted as to cut off the fur without cut- 
ting through the felt. 



KnroDOM.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



579 "^ 



vpocu 
The ^ 



MAterialB as prepared for use. — Beaver furs as cut from 
the skin, and as prepared for use, the coarse hairs being 
taken oat by machinery. The coarse hairs as taken out. 
Newtria, musquash, hare, and rabbit furs, natural and 
prepared for use. 

Wools — English, Spanish, Saxony, Australian, and 
Victma wools ; the same washed and carded. 

The manufacture of felt hats is illustrated in the 
following specimens : — The fur for the body of a hat 
before felting as first formed by the workman with the 
TibratioD of a bowstring; in the first stage of felting; and 
eompletely felted. The hat body stiffened with waterproof 
oompoattion prepared from materials. The beaver fur as 
prepared for putting on the body to form the nap, and 
mixed with cotton to prevent the outside covering of the 
beaver from felting together instead of adhering to the 
body; the nme, in the first stage of sticking. The hat 
after the nap is felted on, by rollmg in boiling water, and 
■bowing the yegetable substance (the cotton), separating 
from the animal substance (the beaver), which has ad- 
hered to the body. The hat in the cone completely nap- 
ped and cleared m>m the cotton by a process of combing. 
The hat ondyed after shearing bv machinery and blocking 
into form. The hat dyed with materials. The hat in 
completed state, after being blocked by steam, finished, 
trinunedy and shaped for wear. Specimens of hats of 
fehed for in the various materials, forms, and colours, as 
made for home and foreign trade. 

Tbe manufacture of silk hats is shown in the following 
amens : — The silk in the raw as imported, and as dyed. 
velvet plush as woven, and as fimshed for use. The 
foondation or body of the hat, showing the arrangements 
at the top for ventilation, and at the brim, to prevent the 
moisture from the head passing through to the silk on 
the ontflide. The hat in the completed state. 

Hata of old manufacture ; illustrating the change of 
ihi4>e and improvements in make, during the past sixty 
Tears, arranged in decennial periods. The cocked hat 
Dcara the stamp of the government (internal) duty of 
.3«. 6dL then levied on hats of home manufacture above 
the value of 18«. 

TooIb UMcd in the manufivcture of hats. 

[The manufacture of silk hat« haw att^iined a condition 
«»f vast Lmi>ortance. The material employed to imitate 
the fur ifl a silk pliwh, manufjictiired to a large extent in 
Kngland for the express purpose. It is estimated that 
ab*'Ut 250,000 dozen silk hats arc made in London, Man- 
chester, Liverpool, Birmingham, and Glasj^ow. The 
annual value of silk hats produced in England is csti- 
ELuited at about 000, OUO/.] 

3»» FoBD, Richard, IS'tStntmi — Manufacturer. 

Shirt, exliibited for plain needlework, and improved 
form. 

.'i7 Glenn T, Ciiarles, 3,3 Lon^Mrd Street, City — 

iVoprietor. 
O'tton hosiery. I^orlies' stockings, fine, four threads, 
p\x threads heels and feet, weighing only seven ounces. 
Moiium quality, stout, seven tlireads, nine thread heels 
and feet. Gentlemen's fine half hose. Maimfjictured at 
BAJbriggan, in Ireland, where the cotton undori^'oesa pre- 
[*4iution which imparts to it softness and elasticity. 

3b SaXDLAND & Crank, .'>:» Qumtnmt, licjait Strct — 

Inventors and Makers. 
Belt drawers, exhibited on asUituette. Shirt exhibited 
on the same statuette. 



3«J BraDKHAW, G., ion /!i.Jofj>S'i.itr Street Wiffiiii, and 
•J.'i Ukfh Street, hlitujton — Inventor and Patentee. 

Patent fastening, as applie<l to gentlemen's eollai-s of 
\Arious shapes; a simple, yet sjH'edy mode of f;i.Htening, 
»iip»T>*?ding string, loops, an<l other ohjeetionahle coii- 
tnvaiior*. 

The iVii!iie applifd to gentlemen':* fionU and j<tock.-<, or 
oaoo-rounJ cravatd. 



Gentlemen's anti-rhoumatic belt and drawers. This 
fastening regulates the size, gives support to the wearer, 
and is of advantage in hunting, riding, or rowing. 

Waistcoat with the fastening, which keeps the garment 
in an easy and graceful position. The fastening can be 
taken out while the waistcoat is being re-dressed. 



40 JoUBERT, Caroline, 8 Maddox Street, Hanfmer Square 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Self-adjusting white watered corset, with a spring busk 
and improved lacing. 

Elastic corset belt, for invalids; made of India-rubber 
tissue, of French manufacture. 



40a Roberts, George, 183 Oxford Street — Manufacturer. 

Gorset made in 21 pieces, all cut " on the cross," upon 
the expanding principle, with instant relieving backs; cor- 
set, made to fasten in the front with patent spring clasp, 
and gauze elastic sides; corset, of the most simple con- 
struction, with patent spring backs, no lacing being 
required. 

41 Piper, Thomas Foot, 4 liishopsgate Street WitJtotU 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Mechanical spring-corset, silk bodice, simple bodice, 
and young ladies' scapular or contractor. 



42 Martin, Emma & Emz. H., 504 Oxford Street^ 
Designers and Manufacturers. 

Elastic bodice of white satin. The elasticity is pro- 
duced by the introduction of vulcanized India-rubber 
in the back and sides, to render them expansive. Exhi- 
bited on an expanding bust, to show the utility of this 
invention for free respiration. 

Riding bodice, of similar materials. The simplicity of 
the fastening, the absence of whalebone and lacing, and 
the shape, distinguish the elastic bodice from stays. 

Abdominal bolt, peculiar in its softness and elasticity. 



43 Stkes, Marv E., 280 ne,fait Street — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Corset, weighing only five ounces: tlie elastic portion 
mjule by hand; the mode of fiistening and unfastening 
is new. 

44 Devy, Eliza, 73 Grosvenor Street— Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
New registered riding stays. Nursing stays. Dress 
stays, and stays of the usual kind. 



45 Capper, JonN,& Son, G9 Grarechnrch Street — 
Part Inventors and Makers. 

Registered folding ba.Hsinettes or cradles, intended to 
fi\cilit4ite the packing and carriiige of infimts' bedding. 

Infant's basket, with its contents. Infant's clothing, 
assorted. Night-cap and dress. All trimmed with liish 
hice. 

40 Thomas, W., & Brothers, 128 & 129 Cheapside— 

Manufjicturers. 

Boots and shoes made without stitches, pegs, nails, or 
rivets; with heel?* on an improved principle. Boots with 
leather soles; with guttii percha soles; imd with gutta 
iwrcha soles with leather edges, which prevent the gutta 
l)ercha from spreading and turning up at the edge^. Boots 
with gutt;i percha waist and leathersole; boots with leather 
wjiist and gutta i)ercha sole. 

Improved heels ; the same, attju-hed to soles of various 
sorts. Boots and shoes, with elastic sides, nia<le by sewing 
pioccM of ln<lia-rubber to the \x\y\^Y leather and then to 

th«' sole. 

Boots for jKirsoiis with tender feet, or invalids, with 
tho inner sole of si>ongy India-mbl»er. Spongy shoes. 
Ladies' boots, with Fi.-liVr's ].atont elix-stic H].ring backs, 
i^riiwing-rouin slipjHMs, inado without Koain. 

Stays, made with<jut sfams, known ju ** Pju-is woven." 
Silk. Thread. Patent w uvcu clastic corset, having elastic 



.80 



Class 20.—ARTICLES OF CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Galleby. 



[United 



threads introduced into the fabric. Webbing or tape for 
Venetian blinds, safety carpet and leathern bags. All 
patented. 

46a Shreevb, Mrs., Charing Cross — ^Inventor. 

Elastic knitted corset. 



47 Moore, — , 29 Gracechurch Street — Producer. 
Embroidered lace cap. 



48 Johnson & Co., 113 Regent Street, — Patentees. 

Patent ventilating hats. The principle of ventilating 
these hats being to admit the air through a series of 
channels cut in thin cork, which is fastened to the leather 
lining, and a valve fixed in the top of the crown, which 
may be opened and shut at pleasure to allow the per- 
spiration to escape. 

Patent valves. Patent leather. Full-dress court hats. 
Royal state livery hats. Ladies' riding hats, &c. 

Field-marshal's, general's, and colonel's full-dress regu- 
lation cocked hats. 

Admiral's, captain's, and lieutenant's full-dress roguia- 
tion cocked hats. 

[The general principles upon which a hat is made, are 
of a most imperfect description as far as relates to the 
comfort and probably, in a degree, to the health of the 
wearer. It has been conjectured that one among other 
causes of premature baldness, is the deficient ventilation, 
and the undue contraction of the rim of most hats. In 
the present instance an attempt to obviate these defects 
is exhibited.] 

49 Geart, Nicholas, 61 St. Jameis Street — 

Inventor and Manu&cturer. 

Improved and elastic corsets, for full-dress and other 
purposes. 

Elastic supporting-belts. 

Spinal supporting-corset, with invisible spring-crutch. 
Invalids* self-acting corset, with apian for instantaneously 
imfastening the corset without unlacing (in case of sudden 
indisposition). Perforated gossamer corset, for hot 
climates, &c. 

Hydropathic belt, constructed for equal pressure and 
support of the "umschlag," or compress, when worn 
round the body. 

50 Dando, Sons, & Co., 42, 43, 44 Cheapstdc-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of a new description of patent light net- 
work velvet hats, in various stages of manufacture. The 
foundation, or body, is made of net, which allows free 
ventilation; it weighs one ounce and a half. 



51 White, William, 68 Cheapside — Manufacturer. 
Ventilating velvet-nap hats, and zephyr hats. 



51a Felix, Edward & Co., 10 Cheapside — 

Manufacturers. 
Hats of a peculiar construction, designed to render 
them elastic, waterproof, and ventilating. 



52 AsHTON, Joseph, & Sons, 55 Cornwall Road — 
Manufacturers and Inventors. 

Black and drabpatent elastic beaver hat on beaver body. 
Beaver felt hat, natural colour of the wool. 
Black beaver felt hat; beaver body. 
Light elastic velvet hat, on a gossamer body ; French 
plush. 

Light elastic hat, on a stuff body, French plush. 



53 AsHMEAD & Tyler, J. T., 7 ^foHnt StrM, 
Berkeley Square — Inventors and Manufacturers. 
Patent folding hat, without springs. Soft velvet fold- 
ing hat. Minerva hunting cap. 



54 Melton, Henrt, 194 Regent Street — Manufiicturor. 

Gentleman's hat of the ordinary size, made of FngliaTi 
plush. The weight does not exceed three ounoes. 

The plush was produced fromi the manufactory of 
Stephen Walters and Son, I^lnsbury. 

Lady's riding-hat, made of English plush, and of new 
design. 



55 Smith, GhDOBOs, & Ck>., Union HaU,Umon Stnet^ 

Boroujh — ^Inventors and Manu&ctnrers. 
Light silk hat. Silk hat, the body of which is made 
on a new principle. Silk hat on soft felt body. Hat of 
a new shape. Ladies' riding hat, new shape. A goesa- 
mer body japanned by means of a new process; intended 
for sailors or others exposed to hot or cold climates. 

56 Dietrich, Frederick Auguste;, 2 Bennett Street, 

Blackfriars Road — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Patent elastic hat lining; invented to prevent prewure, 
to retain a firm hold, and permit free ventilation. 

Newly-invented silk hat, the body of which, being 
composed of horsehair, is porous and elastic, ventilating 
and flexible. 

New military cocked hat, made from the same material. 

Qentlemen's court hat, and ladies' riding hat, made 
from the same material. 



57 Barber, Samcel, Brentford — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
French silk hat, with body of Manilla graos, exhibited 
for novelty, durability, ventilation, waterproof, and other 
qualities. 

58 Stainburn &, Baugh, Gresham Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of felt materials: English rabbit's fur, 8 
parts; Saxony lamb's wool, 3 parts; Llama, or red wool, 
Ipart; weighing together l^z. 

The same, formed into a hollow cone by a prooan 
called boring; the mixture and coherence of the fibre thuB 
produced is the first stage in the felting process. 

A felt body (being the cone required»}r a hat), worked 
to the proper size and texture; heat, moisture, prewure, 
and friction being the means bv which it is perfected. 

A felt body, waterproof, stiffened with resinous gums 
dissolved in spirit. 

A beaver cover, which, when worked into a stiifeiied 
body, is called a hood. 

The beaver hood, ready for dyeing. 

A dyed or black hood, which, softened by a jet of 
steam, is drawn upon a block, and finished to the pre- 
cise size and style required. 

Flexile felt hats. — Silk hat, made from English pluah. 

Felt body prepared for covering. Silk cover. 

Silk hat complete, new style. 

59 Zox, Lamen, 84 Long Acre — Manu&cturer. 
Registered Korychlamyd, or helmet cap. Patent 

aquatic naval life-cap. Folding college cap. Racings 
opera, and military caps. 

60 Qrosjean, Frederick, 109 Regent Street — Inventor. 
Invention for producing a red stripe on regimental 

trousers, without the usual process of sewing one piece 
of cloth on another. 

Plan for securing money deposited in the pockets of 
trousers. 

Method of instantaneously detaching the skirt fix>m 
the body of a lady's habit, by a spring nstening. 

Invention for excluding the cold air from the legs 
and feet of travellers. 



61 Garrard, Robert & John, Loman Street, Sovthwark 

— ^Manufacturers. 

Japanned leather peaks for caps. Registered japanned 
felt hat. foreman's japanned leather helmet. Leather 
straps, cockades, &c. Models of japanned felt hats, of 
different shapes. 



Kbgdov.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



581 



62 TliOMPSOH & SoK, 11 Conduit iSfrrrf— Designers 

and ManufeM^urers. 
Morning Jackets. Soirlet hunting coat. Cricket jacket 
and tronaerB. Waistcoats. Ladies' polka braided. — ^All 
of elastie webbing, of British manufacture. 



63 Waulbb, Babb, & Co., 346 5^ranJ— Inventors. 

Registered waterproof alpaca over-coat and case; the 
■ji^frtM in back and front of the arms are dispensed with: 
it ifl li^t in weight, and can be carried in a coat 



64 Coiyr, John, 6 Mcrshall Street — Inventor. 

The " monomeroskiton," or single-piece coat; a fine 
eoai of British manu£BM^ure, constructed from one 
of doth. 



64a. BEAinr, LoirxB, 65 Wood Street, Cheapside— 

Manu^Acturer. 
Fkacj caps of various sizes. 

65 KlBCH, Sdcon a., 250 Regent Street— Inventor. 

Resistei«daiito-crematic gown, with elastic springs and 
pecvdiia>oonfignimtion of Uie neck, which prevent it from 
nUing off the shoulders. 

Gaasock waistcoat, answering the purxxxse of a waistcoat 
and short casMck. 

66 Bbauitd, John, 26 Mount Street, Groscenor Square-^ 

Producer. 
TnTelling cap, with transparent peak, to protect the 
eras fromwmd, dust, &c., without obstructing the vision. 
MaoufiMstoied by Messrs. Christy and Co., Qracechurch 



67 LToaw, J., 12 & 13 Artaiery Place, WooUvcichr- 

Producer. 
MDHaiycapa. 

68 Pmcb, Wiixiam, 115 Chancery Lane — Designer 

and Manufacturer. 
Flexible spring gownfl; law, clerical, and civic. 

^9 .CCTUCE, WiLUAM, 25 St. James* s Street — Inventor. 

The " duplexA," or morning and evening coat; in- 
trnded to aniiwer the purpose of two garments of opposite 
character. 

70 Bain, Wiluam, 141 Hijh Holborn — Inventor. 
Floatable life-preserving cape cloak. 

7 1 SXTTH A GlBBS, Wcllinfjboroiujh, Northamptonshire, and 
84 ChetpAuic — Inventors and Manufjicturers. 

Cloth and leather gaiters, with |)atent faHtenings, 8cc. 

Patent Euknemida, in cloth and leather, various. A 
new mode of fastening, adapted to various articles, as 
tftAxn, Udies' dressert, &c. 

Cambridge over-coat waterproof in a new Rtyle. 

National cape and travelling wrapper. liegiHtered for 
novelty, shape, and reversibility. 

Hat4 new in shape and material, called '' Noviun 
I*il^imi.** 

Silk elastic webbings and sandalings; exhibited for 
Colour and quality. 

Youths' legginn, new cut and coloured material. 

72 Gates, Lauiia CHARixnTK, Upper L\tt<m St,, rimUco — 

Inventor. 
Mj'dcl of married lady's dress, with improvements 
«hich can be applied to di-csscs already nia«le. 



72a Fiuxmax, Thomas S., 48 Fcnchurch Street — 

l*roducer. 
Registerefl waistcoat, with new safety pockets, afford- 
ioir cmvenionce and security for notes, cheques, memo- 
ran<la, watch, &c. 



73 Hurley, Daniel, 10 Hare Court, Aldersgate Street — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Lady's safety pocket, which cannot be picked or cut 
from the person without the wearer^s knowledge. 

Model of a pair of trousers, so constructed that they 
may be worn three different ways, either as a French 
bottom, or gaiters attached, or plain bottom, with im- 
provements. 

74 Cahan, Edward, 371 Strand — Designer. 

The " Anaxyridian " trousers. The peculiarity con- 
sists in the cut, which is so arranged that they remain as 
a fixtm>e to the heel without straps; and dispense with 
braces. 

75 Shinton, R., 29 Spencer Street, St. Oeorg^s East, 
A pocket protector. 



76 Bethel, Ware, & Co., 62 Aldemianbury — 

Manufacturers. 

Camellia in vase, leaves of Luton plait. Flower of chip, 
imported from Italy. Vase of variegated Luton plaits. 

Young lady's hat, fancy Devon plmt. 

Lady's ridmg hat, patent Luton plait. 

Boy^s hat, fine Devon plait. 

Infant's hat, patent Luton plait. 

Gentleman's hat, broad Luton plait. 

liadies' bonnets, including patent Luton plait in 
wreaths; convolvulus leaves of Luton plait; flower and 
insertion, Italian chip. Beetles' wings, coloured Luton 
plait. F^mroses, leaves Luton plait, flowers Italian chip. 
Italian chip in wreaths. Whole Dunstable plait. Flam 
Luton plait. Plain-sewn chip; material imported from 
Italy. Broad Luton plait. 

[The plait, technically called "Luton plait," is made in 
imitation of the " whole Dunstable " plait. It consists 
of double seven straws, and is a coarser kind of material 
than the Dunstable. Its application to the manufacture 
of ornamental articles is illustrated in the articles ex- 
hibited. It deserves notice, that of late an increase in 
the import of unmanufactured material (straw, &c.) from 
Italy has taken phvce, and has been accompanied by a 
corresponding decrease in that of manufactured articles 
in plait. The plaiting of foreign material is carried on 
to a largo extent in this country.] 



78 



Dent, Allcroft, & Co., 97 Wood Street — 
Manufacturers. 



An assortment of ladies' and gentlemen's gloves, of 
various materijils, colours and styles. Ladies* drab kid 
gloves, sewn, and fancy colours, &c. ; pointed, fancy 
Florentine; and black kid, with fancy sewings. 

Gentlemen's drab and coloured kid gloves, Dundee 
sewn ; black calf gloves, tan sheep gloves, for driving. 

Ladies' and gentlemen's white, drab, and real fawn 
gloves. 

Ltulies' and gentlemen's coloured kid gloves, lined 
chamois and pink silk, and a vjunety of other gloves. 



70 Thresher k Glens y, 152 Strand — Manufacturers. 

Thresher's India gauze waistcoats. Silk and thread ho- 
siery. Silk and lambs' -wool hosier}'. Improved spun- 
silk' hosiery. Specimens (»f the resi)ective (lualities of 
silk li'»Hiery. CJau/.e spiui-silk waistcoats, exhibited as 
specimens of sp\m silk for underclothing. Gauze merino 
waistcoat.?. Hand-Hi)un silk hosier}', exliibited as a speci- 
men of hosier}', nuwle from Wiiste silk. 



80 Ball, William Y., &('o., :;J Wo'j^I Street, Cheapside-^ 

Manufacturers. 

Kid leather gloves, cut and made in England; manu- 
factured from French dressed kid skins. 
A glove in its unfinished state. 



582 



Class 20.— ABTICLES OF CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Gallery. 



[Uhitbd 



81 Lart, John, & Son, 116 Wood Street, Cheapside, 
atid Rutland Street , Nottitujham — Inyentors and 
Manufacturers. 
Ladies* Lisle thread hose, in plain and open work, of 
new patterns; manufactured at Nottingham. Ladies* 
silk jacket, trimmed, woven and fashioned in the stocking 
frame; manufactured at Nottingham. Gentlemen's cot- 
ton and silk pantaloon drawers, with elastic washable 
gussets; and various specimens of gentlemen's cotton and 
spun silk half hose, and children's socks, and gentlemen's 
merino. Cashmere, and spim silk vests. 



82 FowNES Brothers, 41 Cheapside — Manufacturers. 

Ladies' gloves, manufactured from kid-skins, produced 
in Ireland and dressed in England. 

Gloves, manufiEu^ured from French-dressed kid-skins. 

Taffety silk, union silk, velvet, and Lisle thread gloves; 
beaver, cashmere, goat, and vicima wool gloves. 

Kid-glove in its various stages of manu&cture. 



83 Macdouoall, Donald, Inverness, Scotland — 

Manufacturer. 

Short pieces of loom-wove tweeds, adapted for deer- 
stalking and grouse shooting, by their peculiar ooloiuv, 
the natural hues of the rocks and muirs, the haimts of 
deer and grouse ; also for fishing. 

A piece of loom-made tweed, fr^m Shetland wool, soft 
and elastic. 

Fine loom-made tartans, for dresses, showing the cor- 
rect sets of clan patterns. Loom-made plaids. 

Highland carpets, called " The Royal " (new design), 
made from first-class Sutherland Cheviot wool. Pieces 
of home-manufactured tweed, one made at Tongue, in 
Sutherland, dyed from heather and crotal (a lichen), the 
colours rare ; the other made at Skye. 

Piece of home-manufactured tweed, made at Ord, in 
Ross-shire, natural colours of deer- wool, brown and white; 
and a piece made at Avoch in Ross-shire. 

Pieces of home-spun tartans, from Perthshire. 

Plaid manufactured at St. Kilda, and a small sample of 
tweed; exhibited as curiosities, illustrating the industry 
of the natives of the most remote of the British islands ; 
the yam is spun by the distaff, and woven in a native- 
made loom. 

Home-made plaids: specimens of home-knitted stock- 
ings and socks, dyed from heather, soot, crotal (a lichen), 
alder-bark, &c. 

Home-made gloves, some of wool, and one pair of the 
wool of the white mountain hare; exhibited because the 
material is unusual. 

Knitted shawl made in the island of Lewis, and another 
from Sutherland. A woman's shoulder plaid manufac- 
tured in the year 1768, showing the state of industry in 
Lewis eighty-three years ago. Towel made from flax, 
grown, spun, and woven in that island. 

Sample piece of linsey-woolsey, made of Cheviot wool 
and bog cotton (^Kriophorum vaginatum), the latter now 
first used in manufieurtures. 

Sample of tweed made of vicima wool, and imder- 
dresses of the same material. 

Home-made plaid blankets, from Ross-shire and Suther- 
land. 

Highland brooches, made of carved bog-oak, deer's 
teeth, and Cairngorms. 

Highland ornaments : a purse, horn, skeindhu, and 
drinking cup. 

Small quantities of yam^ showing the following native 
dyes, from crotal (a uchen), colours, drab and brown 
heather, yellow, and a specimen of green ; cudbear, 
(a lichen), colours, drab and brown, and a lighter shade 
alder-bark and water-lily root {Nymphea alba or Nuphar 
lutea) black; soot, dark brown; rhubarb, buff. 

Specimens of rock crystal, or " Cairngorm," from the 
mountain of that name in Inverness-shire. Native dye- 
stuffs; water-lily root, alder-bark, heather, cudbear plant 
(a lichen), and crotal (a lichen). Sample of bog-cotton 
(^Eriophorutn vagmatum). 



[The white mountain hare, mentioned by the exhibitor, 
is the Lepus variabilis, a distinct species from the common 
hare, and an inhabitant of the mountainous distrieto only 
in Britain, though in Ireland a variety of it takes the place 
of the common hare. It is identical with the hare of 
Norway. 

The cotton-grasses, or bog-cotton, are species of sedge 
of the genus Eriophorum, The E, vaginatum, single- 
headed cotton-grass, and the E. polystachion, a many- 
headed species, are the most common, and are abundant 
in all the bogs throughout the British Islands. There 
are other kinds also, but rarer. Their spikes axe invested 
with long cottony hairs, beautifully white. Many at- 
tempts have been made to employ this substanoe in manu- 
factures, for which it seems well adi^yted, but (until that 
now exhibited) without success. The material is verj 
abimdant, especially in Scotland and Ireland. — ^E. F.] 

84 Holmes, James, & Co., 171 B^ent Street-^ 

Inventors and ManufactureFs. 

Cashmere quilted full-dress or opera cloak, composed 
of the finest white wool worked into small diamond- 
shaped cells, with 1,200 gold pendants of various timoB, 
one being placed at the point of each alternate oell. Hie 
inside or lining is of white satin, quilted, with emble- 
matical wreath of the United Kingdom. In the oentre 
is a figure of Britannia^ quilted, with wreath around. 
The hood is in keeping with the cloak, qnilted^ with 
device in gold work. 

Registered shawl cloak, woven in one piece, with a 
hood of same material, designed and manuBMstured by 
the exhibitors. 

Patterns of cameleon cloth, a new materialy* with two 
distinct coloiu*s. 

Cloak, made of the cameleon cloth; registered by the 
exhibitors. 

85 WiQBAX 8c Co., Edinburgh — Manufacturers. 

Tartan plaids, or long shawls of various Highlaiid dans, 
combined and separate. 

86 Solomon, Sarah, 52 Fork Road, Lambeth — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 
A lady's English costume ball-dress, embroidered with 
gold and silk. The costume fuhioned, made up, and 
embroidered by the exhibitor alone. 

87 QwATKiN, Emilt & Eliza, 37 Westrnkuter Bridge Road 

— Designers. 

Bonnet made from cotton, worked into form by crochet^ 
and brought into finished shiqpe by registered method. 

Bonnet made of satin, of new design and woi^manship; 
formed from 300 separate pieces. 

88 Oliyer, B. S., Nottingham — Manufacturer and 

Importer. 
Varieties of pasteboard boxes for oontaininglace, hosisty, 
gloves, and fancy articles. 

89 Miles, Simeon, 89 BxmhUl Ano— Producer. 
Variety of Berlin wool work. 

90 Saxton, Alfred, Ab^<»n^A<im— Manufacturer. 
Ladies' mitts, cu£fs, and gloves, embroidered and 

made of silk; neck-ties and suk shawls, Jaoquard pat- 
terns, &c. 

** Antimacassar*' toilet covers and tray-covers, oentred 
pattern, Jacquard. 

91 Shaw, John, Radford, near Nottingham — 

Manufiicturer. 

Berlin wool vest, made from the stocking finame, with 
the Jacquanl. 

Piece for window curtains from the stocking frame, and 
"antimacassaz'' from the stocking frame (ootton). 



KoraDOM.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Trakbept Galleby. 



583 



92 Thubkan, Piooott, & Co., Driar Lane, Nottingham 

— Maniilanturera and Inventors. 
Honeiy gooda, mannfactured under Thurman's patent, 
fromailk. 

93 Galloway k Sons, Nottingham — ^ManufsicturerB. 
A Tar&eiy of silk gloyea. 

94 FoBLET, John, Nottingham — ^ICanu&cturer. 
Ladies' and gentlemen's merino vests, in wool and 

mi»ed m^twials. 

96 HoLUMB, S., Nottingham — ^Manufacturer. 

Laee goods. Machine-made cotton Brussels nets and 
laoM^ figured by the needle. Various hosiery goods. 



97 MvMOW, R. & J., Nottingham — ManufSftcturers. 

Silk gloves. Lisle thread, spun silk, plated silk, and 
fleecy bned gloves. 
Pitait Brayuut gloves; a neW material, fleecy inside. 
" gloves. 



98 CABm & GXLBEBT, Nottingham — Proprietors and 

Manufacturers. 
Cottan, Novi silk, spun silk, merino and Cashmere gen* 
timiflii's and ladie^ vests. 



99 HuBtT & Sons, Nottingham — Manufkcturers. 

Brown and white, plain, open-work, and embossed 
ootton hoee and half-hose; cotton and spun silk drawers 
and 



100 Allbx ft SoLLT, Nottingham and London — 

Mimufacturers. 
Bamplwi of hosiery; with samples intended to show the 
pto g i esi of cotton-spinning for the hosiery trade firom an 
early period to the present time. Specimens of cotton, 
lisle thread, linen thread, spim-silk, and merino hosiery. 

101 MoBLKT, J. & R., London and Nottingham — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of white cotton stockings for ladies. 
White Lisle thread stockings. 
Balbriggan stockings. 
Bilk stockings with cotton tops. 
Silk stockings. 

Silk stockings, laco open work. 
Balbriggan stockings, lace open work. 
Children's spun silk Bragauza gloves, fleeced. 
Children's cr>loured silk gloves. 
Fancy coloured silk gloves for ladies. 
Chiltlren's white cotton stockings 
Children's brown cotton Derby ribbed socks. 
Cliiltiren's white Lisle thread socks. 
Cliiblren's white Lisle thread socks, lace open work. 
Children's sUk socks, lace open work. 
Cotton half -hose for gentlemen. 
Balbriggan half-hose. 
Balbriggan half -hose, Derby-ribbed. 
Cottonnalf-hose, with spun silk double feet (curious). 
Cotton half -hose, with fancy merino feet. 
Derby -ribbed cotton half- hose, with fancy merino foot. 
Cotton half-hose, with real beaver feet (fluiKjrior). 
Derby-ribbed cotton half-hose, with real beaver feet 
(•uperior). 

> ancy merino half-hose. 

Fancy merino Derby -ribbed half hose. 

Spun silk shirts for gentlemen. 

Silk shirts. 

S{nm silk Braganza shirts, fleeced. 



102 Tbebs & Co., Blackfriars i^y/iJ— Manufacturers. 

Ladies' habit hat ** Queen's," original design, composed 
o{ silk plush and finishoil ^ith satin, under side trimmed 
with plush, Ijand and plumes, on fine cotton body, veu- 
tiUted, light and elastic. 

Ladks' halnt hat "Princess," original design. 



Ladies' habit hat " Duchess," original design, trinmied 
with a fine brush feather. 

Ladies' habit hat " Princess," novel colour, composed 
of silver-grey silk plush, finished with satin under side, 
and trimmed. 

New design, gentlemen's drab hats composed of fine 
woollen cover, on cotton body, very light and elastic, 
and well ventilated, suitable for hot weather and climates, 
being a ** non-conductor^' of heat. 

Gentleman's hat, new design, composed of silk plush, 
improved finish, cloth underside, very light and elastic. 
The same, with original design. 

103 Berni & Melleard, 56 Great Guildford Street, 

Southtcark, and 203 Strand — ^Manufiu^urers. 
Military and court hats, new styles. Napless beavers. 
Ladies' black napless beaver riding hats, exhibited for 
their texture, and style. 
Silk plush hate, with elastic felt and other bodies. 
Folding opera hat, made of velvet. 

104 EvELEioH & Son, Manchester — Manufacturers. 
Various kinds of hats, in silk, felt, and cork. 

105 SiMMONDS & WooBBiAN, Oldham— MBiiu&uotaren. 

Beaver hatting materials, firom the skin to the hat> 
complete. 

Qentleman's black beaver, drab, and napless hats, 
trimmed complete. 

Black silk hats, and patent reflectors. 

Ladies' white and drab beaver, napless, full trimmed. 

Child's white and drab beaver, napless. 

106 Standish, Anne, Kidderminster — Lace-worker 

and Producer. 
Court dress of needle- work. 



107 Hill, Luke Marshal^ Whitby — ^Inventor. 

" Unique habit," cut out in one piece, and having no 
seam on the top of the shoulder, the outside of the arm, 
or down the middle of the back. 



108 Watts, William, Banfjiwy — Inventor. 

Complete coat, trousers, and gsuters, in one piece, 
without any scam. 

109 Waush & Co., Z^m^o/— Producers. 
Embroidered over-coat. 



110 OouLDiNO, Johnson, llcvcrlcy — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Novel full-dress coat, the body of which is cut out of 
one piece of cloth, with two seams instead of nine. 



110a Lee, J. — Producer. 

Quilted coat, and instrument for quilting. 



Ill 



Harris & Tomkins, Abiwjdon, Berks — 
Manufacturers. 

Two worke<l frocks for agricultural labourers, in white 
duck ; the dosigna by Thomas Watnon. One worked by 
Usuiniih Stimpson, a cottager of Ratiley, Berks; on the 
sides are the national emblems, the royal crown, dovea 
l^iftring olive branches, intorworked with mottoes — '* Vivat 
Regiua," and "Peace with all the world." The collar and 
shoulder-straps bear appropriate devices; the wristbands 
display the royal crown, enclosed in a scroll, iuterworked 
with the motto, " Lon^' live our gi-acious Queen." At the 
end are the Prince of Wales's featliers. The bosom and 
sleeves are fancifully paugetl, and disjilay the crown, rose, 
shamrock, thistle, sjirip*, &c. 

Tlie other worked by Esther Stimpson, sister of the pre- 
ce<ling. The nide-work represents Industr}*, with Fiune 
cro\\'mng her with a wreath; al>ove are a whcatsheaf, 
flowers, &c. The collars cout^un a^iciiltural iniploinent*, 
encircled with mottoes, " God Hj>ood the plough," and 



584 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OF CLOTHING, FOR 
South Tbansept Gallery. 



rUKITED 



' ' Success to agriculture." The shoulder-straps show a hive 
of bees, kc. ; the wristbands, oak boughs and acorns; the 
bosom and sleeves are gauged in the same style. 



112 Caulcheb, J. D., Anstrathcr Villa, Boundary Boad, 
St. Johris Wood — Inventor. 
Life-preserving elastic cork jacket, capable of being 
worn unobserved under a coat or a mantle ; and, in con- 
sequence of its pliability, can be worn comfortably whilst 
rowing a boat, &c. — Registered. 



113 DoUDNBY, E., 17 Old Bond St., 25 Burlington 

Arcade, and 49 Lombard Street — Inventor and 
Maker. 
The waterproof Irish poplin registered cloak. The 
application of the waterproofing process to Irish poplin 
protects it from injury by wet, and renders it suitable 
for ladies' dresses, for yachting, and exposure to wet and 
damp. 

114 Lewis & Son, 1 Quiet Street, and 1 John Street, 

Bath — Designers . 
Over-coat,, of novel design and light texture. 



115 DiNOLET, W. & S., Sherborne, Dorset — ^Inventors. 

A new overcoat, combining a paletot, trousers, and 
railway wrapper, which may be used or not at pleasure, 
for walking, driving, or ridmg; registered as " Dingley's 
Protector. 



115a Cross, C, & Co., Corporation Street, Manchester — 

MsLnufi&cturers. 

Articles of clothing made by power-loom. 



116 Fry, John Liddon, H^miton, Devon — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 

Dress coat: the body is cut in one piece, without back, 
body, under-arm or lappel seams. Round jacket, similarly 
cut. 

Registered measure, called by the inventor the "cardinal 
point measure and rule," for taking the dimensions of the 
human figure, and adapted to every variety of shape. 



117 Gbiftin, Benjamin, Hifjh Street, Leominster, 

Herefordshire — Inventor. 
Four arithmetical, geometrical, and self-variable systems 
of cutting in one book. These systems contain a number 
of mathematical figures or diagrams, to form certain 
shapes, for making coats, vests, trousers, and other 
garments. 

lis McGee, J. O., & Co., Belfast — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered vests: the designs are by pupils of the 
Belfast Qovemment School of Design; and the em- 
broidery the work of poor girls who hive been only nine 
months under the tuition of the exhibitors. 



119 Smith, Charlotte, ^«f/ord— Inventress. 
Patent symmetrical corsets, enabling the wearer to re- 
gulate the pressure of the stay (as may be required) in a 
simple manner. 

Patent ** soccopedes elasticus," or elastic silk boots, 
manu£BM^ured by Mr. Longdon, of Derby. The top part 
is woven all in one piece, and being composed of an 
extensible material, with elastic anUe-band, it adapts 
itself to the shape of the leg and foot, without side-springs 
or lacings, and gives support to the ankle. 

120 Gallaway, T., 43 Alhitm Street, Leeds— 

Manufacturer. 
Three woven corsets. 



121 Oddy, S., Armley, Leeds — ^Manufacturer. 

Coloiu^ fine wool shawls, with embroidered comers, 
and other ornaments. 



122 Tinbley, J., & Co., Xtfdcb— Manufiustaran. 
Improved woven corsets for ladies, without a seam; 

made of prepared cotton yam, free finom any dressing 
composition ; exhibited for shape^ workmanship, and 
utility. 

123 Middlebrook, T., Leeds — MahTifcctgrar. 

Military officer's cap and cover. Black silk velvet 
smoking or carriage cap. 

124 Haley, William, XMcb — Inventor and 

Manu&cturer. 
Protection travelling cap, peculiarly adapted for cold 

climates. 

125 MoLLADY, John, & Sons, Wanei^ — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens showing the manufacture of a stuff hat^ firom 
the raw material through seven different stages to the 
complete hat. 

New design of a lady's embossed felt bonnet, trimmed* 

Stuff rustics, novel styles ; sombrero hats, varied oolonis; 
new designs in children's fancy hats, and coloured felt 
bonnets. 

Silk hats, ventilating, cork, and gossamer hats, exhibited 
for lightness and elasticity. 

Light zephyr hat, weight under three ounces. The 
lightness is attained by the introduction of a new com- 
bination of material in the body. 

Welsh lady's hat; " Cardiganshire;" of improved 
design. 

[By the technical term "stuff hats,'' is meant the best 
description of hats made in imitation of beaver. In these 
hats the fur of various ftntmA.1« is employed, and Is applied 
to a foundation which is rendered waterproof by ihe a{^- 
oation of spirit vamiriieB. The annual valne of stuff hats 
produced in this country is taken to be about 800,000/.] 

126 Carrington, Samuel & Thomas, Stockport — 

Manufacturers. 

Pearl, drab, and silvery-cloth and felt hats, raised napw 

Brown nutria, natural colour, felt hat, made of beaver 
and other furs. 

Fawn or buff, and other kinds of felt hats, light and 
elastic. 

Silvery grey and black hats. 

Brown felt fishing hat; watei^roof, soft, and flexible* 

Felt rustics, of various qualities. 

Ladies' flexible felt riding hats. 

Children's felt hats, natural colours. 



126a Pearson, John, 7 Oorse Brow, dfoei^Mfi— 

ManufisMiturer. 
White beaver bonnet. 



127 Taylor & Co., St, James Street, EoekMe-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens of silk plush for hats. 

127a Lees, A., Manchester — ^MannfMstnrer* 

Felt, velvet, and alpaca hats. Cloth c^m, 

128 McRas, John Jamiebon, Newark, ifo<£»— Designer 

and Inventor. 

A triple stay, adapted for use in portions (ft male attire 
whith require to be made strong. 

A waistcoat which can be lengthened or shortened at 
pleasure, with the triple stay attached, adi^ited for 
summer wear. 

Finest alpaca summer coat, with the triple stay attached ; 
with four pockets, weight 6 oz., and can be worn either 
side. 

A waistcoat of improved form and arrangement, made 
to supersede the use of braces across the shoulders. Tlie 
fabric was manufiactured by Messrs. Aaron PMoe and 
Co., Clayton West, near Huddemfield. 

An improved self-sustaining top to drawers^ intaiided to 
supersede the use of belts. 



EXSODOM.] 



f 

IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallkbt. 



585 



128a Johnston, J., Stirling — Manufikctiirer. 

Hose, ihowiiig improvements at different periods. 

129 Patebson, J., Dumfries — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
A w«b of pttfctamsy a vest, several vest pieces, and half- 
boss. AH made on the common stocking frame, and 
exhibited for warmth, durability, and design. 

130 RoBEBT, R., Post Street, Carnarvon, Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
linaey drones, scarfis, aprons, and petticoat. 

131 DaBUKO, G., 35 Oeorge Street, Perth — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Gentleman's hat, thoroughly waterproof and ventilated; 
tba mode of ventilation being quite novel. Highland 
bomietB. 

132 GiBSOB, Capt., Perthshire — Producer. 
Sbepherd*! plaid of natural colour. 

133 Ladio, John, Hawick, Scotland — Manufacturer. 

Fattams of hoaienr and under-clothing knitted upon the 
gioekiiig-firame, made from Australian wools. 



134 EUldden, Aubxaxdeb, & Sons, Aberdeen — 

Manufacturers. 
Knitting worsteds, spun from British wools. Card 
oontaining 1,000 colours, dyed on worsteds manufactured 
from Britiah and Saxony wools. Knitted worsted shawl 
and hoaery. 

135 SXABT, RiCHABD, 10 Upper Eaton Street, 

Orotvem»r Place — Inventor. 
The "Subclavian sector" — so called by its measures 
besDg iakao from the armpit ; an apparatus for obtaining 
more eorrect measurement of the hiunan body. 

135a Cattanach, Chables, Aberdeen — Inventor. 

Apparatus for measuring the human figure, and for 
transferring the measure to cloth so as to produce an 
exact fit of garment. 



1.3*5 Rot, Jessie, Frrnfhill, Ahrrdeen — Inventor. 

A landscape, knitted in Berlin worsteds. A pair of 
■t<:>cking», with Cashmere pattern. 



l'.\7 Wood, Janet, St'meharcn, Scotland — Manufactui*er, 
Pair of fancy knitted worsted gloves. 



1-38 Webb, Capt. Theodosics, R.E., Woolirich — 

Producer. 
Specimen of knitting from the Shetland Islea, showing 
•-i»^) |»&ttenu used by the inhabitants. The art of dyeing 
w^»^l ij* ormmdereti to have been taught them by Sitauiards 
wTtJcked there, after the dispersion of the "Invincible 
Armada." 

1 39 Whitehead, William, 8c Son, 41 Smth Briilje 
Street, Kdinh'injh — Manii factu rers . 
Tartan hoee, clan Brearlalbiuie (or Campbell), made on 
a X<». '.VI gaze-frame; each pair containing l,30n diamonds 
(or »*quareM) made from fine worsted. Clan MacDuff, con- 
taining r>4<» diamondM. Clan Hoyal Stuart silk tartan, 
BUKle on a No. 42 gaze 3-nec(lle frame. 



140 Kate, Fixdlay. Sc Co, L-m-jhAm, ani Ghsjo^r — 

Manufivcturen*. 

Cheviot wool hose: six jMiirs of women's two-thread 
grey, and six pairs white; twelve pairs children's white, 
Mini six {Kiirs inen*>* prey; twelve f>air.s men's half hose. 

Six pairs women's hose, with ribbed toi)s. Saxony 
wool; tm-elve pairs men's half hose pre^y Shetland wool; 
tmclre paint men's four-threa<l brown half hose; twelve 
fji&ir« men's, vicima wool. 

Six women's gauze vestM, six children's gauze vests, 
and six women's full dresseH, all Cheviot wool. 



Six men's gauze pantaloons, and six men's three-thread 
pantaloons, of Cheviot wool. Three men^s four-thread 
Saxony wool pantaloons; six men's two-thread, and one 
ribbed, Cheviot wool, pantaloons. 

Six men's vests, of Cheviot wool, with long sleeves, 
double-breasted, and shaped shoulder; six of the same, 
single-breasted. Six pairs of No. two and three-thread 
white worsted knit hose. 



141 Scott, Peter, 9 South Bridge, Edinburgh — ^Designer 

and Manufacturer. 
The V-breasted and swivel-collared shirt. 



142 Maoleszie, William Bailue, 126 Princes Street, 

Edinburgh — Proprietor. 

Articles knitted b^ the hand in the Shetland Islands, 
from the wool of then* sheep. 

Shawls; handkerchief; child's frock; veils of the 
natural -coloured wool; white and coloured gloves; ladies' 
white and coloured mitts ; ladies' brown and white stock- 
ings, very fine wool; an extremely fine pair of stockings; 
natural -coloured socks; white knee-caps; brown leggings, 
natural colour; sleeves; ladies' caps; nightcaps; wigs; 
comforters, and shirt. 

Specimen of Shetland yam, handspun; and of the 
Shetland wool, as it is taken from the sheep. 

Articles that are knitted in Fair Isle, one of the Shet- 
land Islands. — Fair Isle socks, gloves, vest piece, com- 
forter, and cap. 

Shawls and veils, knitted by the hand in Shetland from 
a thread spun by machinery, composed of wool and silk 
together. 

[Knitting is the chief employment of the female inha- 
bitants of these isles in their own homes. Stockings 
have been made there from a very ancient period ; but 
the fanciful knitting, comprising shawls, &c., is of recent 
introduction.] 

143 Johnston, James & George, Paisley, and 2 Chapter 

JloHse Court, St. J'tiuTs, 

Buckram and Paris net bonnet tops and crowns, manu- 
factured by steam p<jwer. 



144 LaCGHLAND, J., KilmnrwKk, Scotland-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Australian sheep's wool. 

White, green, blue, and scarlet yam, and an oflBcer's 
dress bonnet, showing the process of knitting. 

Knitted bonnet ; milled bonnet ; finished bonnet, as 
used by the officers of the 42nd, 72nd, 74th, 78th, and 
92nd Highland regiments; all from Australian wool. 

New regulation fonige caps; Serjeant's, blue; private's, 
blue, scarlet, and crimson. 

Old reppdation fonigc-caps; Serjeant's, blue, with white 
band ; private's, blue, with scarlet band. 

Prince Charlie bonnet. Turkish crimson cap or bonnet. 

Bsil moral bonnet. Glcngsirry bonnet. 

Gentleman's head-dress. 



145 RiTCniE, Pftfer, Kihruxmock, Scothind — 

Manufaicturer. 
Regulation militarj' fonifce caps : — Serjeant's, bine and 
rife-green. Serjeant's, 71st Highlanders, Light In fantrj'. 
Serjeant's, with plaid bonier. OfHcer's, with white band. 
Scarlet Fez cap. Officer's, light blue cap. Prince 
(.'harlie caps, blue and grey. Pine Rjilmonil cap. Grey 
Glengjirry caj), with plai<l bonier. Caledonian hats, 
black, grey, an<l green. Specimens of the military and 
other caps, **Hetuj>." 

14G MriR, John, J., & Co., l.VJ Queen Stro-t, Olas,jn'r - 

Man ufjictu rers. 
Specimens of various hand-loom woven ginghams, 
cravatfl, and handkerchiefs, plain and twilled. 



586 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OP CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Gallery. 



[UHrrno 



147 Kincaid-Lennox, F. M., Lennox Qtstle, Lennox- 
town, & 9 Arlington St., Piccadilly — Proprietor. 

Linen and cotton shirts, made in Glasgow; exhibited to 
Bhow the quality of plain British needlework. 



147 a Ruttens, Helene, 13 Charles Street, Soho Square — 

Inventor. 
Fan, travelling, and specimen bonnets, in silk. 



148 Haywood, Maby, 3 Dyei^a Buildings, City Road — 

Designer. 

A shawl of white cashmere, worked in braid, orna- 
mented and fringed with peacock's feathers, the eyes of 
which are disposed so as to resemble gems. 

Karrow fringe, made of the same materials. 



149 Jones, John, 17 Ditke Street, Liverpool — Inventor. 

Registered tailors* symmetrometer. Adapted for cutting 
coats and waistcoats. The trousers' rule. 



149a Robinson, J. — Inventor. 

Measuring apparatus for tailors. 

160 Clowes, F., 28 Ann Street, Birmingham — Inventor 

and Manufacturer. 
Improved elastic coat. Registered trousers, elastic 
riding belt, and brace, 

161 MiNiFiE, Charles, Bristol — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered coat sleeve shirt. 



162 McCuNTOCK, James, & Co., Bamsley — Inventors 

and Manufacturers. 

Double silk elastic woven corsets, with the royal arms 
and national emblems inserted. Woven to fit the body, 
and recommended for freedom of respiration. 

Thread-wove corset, without seam. 



163 BiBT, Harford, Shepton Mallet, near Wells, 

Somersetsliire — Inventor. 

Transitional coat, adapted for changes of the weather. 

A frock coat. An open-breasted vest. A double- 
breasted vest. 

Surtout as an over-coat, with concealed hood for tra- 
velling, &c. 

164 Tollet, G., Besley Jlall, near Newcastle, 

Staff ordsh ire — ^Manufacturer. 
Tippets, cuffs, cloaks, victorines, and mufila, composed 
of feathers and goose down, and made by the needle and 
thread. 

165 Hodgson, T., jun., 39 Iron Market, Newcastle- 

under-Lytne — ^Designer and Manufacturer. 
Elastic corset. 
Invisible spinal support. 

166 Clemes & Son, St, i4i«fe^/— Manufacturers. 

Underground hats for Cornish miners and mine agents, 
used for protection against falling stones, &c. 

166 a Beaufort, Miss, Cork — Producer. 

Knitted child's pelisse. 



167 Mason, William, Nexccastle-undar-Lym^ — 

Manufacturer. 

Velvet-nap hats, on an improved body. Waterproof 
beaver hat. 

Waterproof felt hat, adapted to tropical climates. 

Silk hat, on a body of cashmere. 

Felt hat, designed by Mr. Killingworth Johnson, re- 
gistered as the " liaphacl." 

Felt travelling hat, registered as the " Crichton." 



168 Laurence, Euzabeth, 15 Montpelier Walk, 
Cheltenham — Manufiebcturer. 

White French merino dress for ladies, braided and 
trimmed with satin. Crimson velvet dran for boys, 
braided; the design, the rose, shamrock, and thistle. 

White satin drawn -bonnet. 



1 69 White, E., Edgar Buildings, Bath — ^ManufiEusturer. 

Bassinette, or infant's cradle, completely funuBhed. 
Infant's frock and robe. 
Lady's chemise and night dress. Qentlenum's shirt. 

160' ^JiTOAVf AY, 'Mn,, Brompton, near Chatkcun — 

Producer. 
A baby's hat knitted in fine white silk. 



161 FiRMiN 8c Sons, 153 Strandand 13 Conduit Street, 
Bond Street — Manufacturen. 
Specimens of buttons. Stars of the Order of the Gar- 
ter, the Thistle, and St. Patrick. Swotxls for officers in 
the army and navy, &c. 



162 Hurst & Reynolds, 100 New Street, Birmingham^ 

Manufacturers. 
Ladies* stays or corset, to fasten and unfasten instanta- 
neously without lacing. 

162 A Beeston, J. S., S trails s Cottages, Hammersmith — 

Producer. 
Inflated railway caps. 

163 Firkins, Jos., & Co., Worcester — ^Manufiustuicrs. 
Ladies' habits. Black and coloured French kid gloves. 

Centlemen's black and coloured calf gloves. Cape-goat 
gloves. 

Beaver, Norway doe. Buck, Lisle, Berlin, and doth 
gloves; improved thumbs and new cut, &c. Frovinon- 
ally registered. 

164 Redgrave, John, Wijrccster — Manufacturer. 
Men's coloiu^d, black, and tan Cape gloves; piqu^ 
Ladies' white Cape gaimtlets. 

Habits— coloured, maze. Napoleon blue, yellow, light 
blue, and drab. Made from lamb-skins and Cape sheep. 

166 RiDurr, J., St. PauVs Churchyard — ManufiEMsturer. 
Ladies' boots and shoes. 



166 The Local Committee of Newbury, Berkshire — 

by Sir John Throckmorton. 

An oil painting: Sir John Throckmorton prasentii^ 
two South Down wether sheep to Mr. John Uozeter of 
Qreenham, Newbury, Berks, who engaged, on the day 
they were presented, to make their wool into a piece of 
cloth, that should be made into a coat by 9 o'dock of 
the same evening. 

The sheep were immediately shorn, and the wool sorted 
and spun. The yam was spooled, warped, loomed, and 
woven. The cloth was burred, milled, rowed, dyed, dried, 
sheared, and pressed. The cloth having been thus made 
from the fleece in 1 1 hours, was put into the hands of 
the tailor at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, who completed 
the coat at 20 minutes past G, having bemi only 2 hours 
and 20 minutes in making it : Mr. Coxeter then presented 
the coat to Sir John Throckmorton, who appeal^ with 
it on, before a large assembly of spectators. 

167 Norman, S. W., 4 Oakley Street, Lambeth— 

Inventor and Bianuiacturer. 
Ladies* cork and leather light waterproof boots. 
Ladies' shoes. 



168 LoNODON, R., and Sons, Derby — Manofiicturers. 

Patent frame-work gloves, without any seam on one 
side. 

Smith's patent " Soccopedes Elasticus.** This boot 
requires no lacing. 



Kjkgdom.] 



IMMEDIATE, PERSONAL, OR DOMESTIC USE. 
South Transept Gallery. 



. 687 



168 a Helps, MLsb, London Road, Liverpool — ^Producer. 
Qutta percha articlee. 

1 69 PoOBE, J. B., 9 Princes Court, Banner St, St. Lukt^s— 

Designer and Maniifacturer. 
A Udfs yictorine, with cuffs, made of feathers, oma- 
nkentally arranged. Original design and manufacture. 

170 Barfobd, Fbed., Marketplace, St. Albans, 

Hertfordshire — Inventor. 

Registered "Brasilianpakn-leaf Wellington" hats. This 

hat has a feather edge, interwoven with the palm leaf. 

It is also interwoven with various-coloured straws, forming 

a brim and band, and dispensing with any ribbon or other 



Tb» '* Princess Alice" hat for yoimg ladies, formed only 
of the palm-leaf, with a fancy band, brim and feather 
ed«. 

The "Chinese" hat, with a fancy band, brim and fea- 
ther edge, also made of the palm-leaf. 

Three willow hats of the English willow-tree. 

[The Braadlian, or palm-leaf, is of great size and sub- 
stance, and the tree is indigenous to South America. 
After its importation, it undergoes various processes, as 
bleaching, ftc., for the improvement of its colour, and to 
render it soft, pliable, and available for working ; it then 
becomes light, durable, and useful. The above hat is 
accompanied by a portion of the palm-leaf.] 

171 Abhton, a., George Street, Portman Square — 

Inventor. 
Registered bonnet and case. 

172 Eluott, W., Dvtnstable, Beds — Manufacturer. 
Straw hats, bonnets, plait, and fancy straw articles. 

172 a Coopeb, J. J. k G., Bwistable, Bedfordshire— 

Manufacturers. 
Straw hats and bonnets. Plait, and fancy straw articles. 



173 MiHBS, CoNNELL, & Brodie, Luton, Bedfordshire — 

Manufivcturera. 

Specimens of plaits and bonnets manufactured from 
wheat straw gro\*Ti in BeclfordHhire. 

Wheat straw ao taken from the fields, prepared for 
milking whole straw plait; prepared for Rplitting; Bplit 
ready ft>r plaiting; whole straw plait, whipcord, and im- 
proved whipcord plait. 

Luton, Devon, China, Coburg, and pearl ; Coburg, 
Bedford, Indiana, Brussels Cobiu^, tulip, and fancy- 
tulip plait. 

Luton patent improved whijicord, patent wLipcortl, 
Indiana, satin, porcupine, diamond, split Coburg, and 
China pearl rice, Be<lf4)rd plait. 

Liuiiert* bonnets, including whole-straw, whole-whip- 
c<^»rd, improved whi|xjor(l, Luton, fine jxitent, fine split, 
tulip, fancy tulip, Indiana, Bnisseln, Coburg, and fancy 
fplit, improveil and patent rice, wliii>conl, diamond, 
China jiearl, Bedfonl, split Coburg, fancy split Coburg, 
an*! fancy colounxl. 

Maid's whole whi|»conl, and girl's fancy Albert, and 
child** patent l>onnetrt. 

Bt>yi* fancy Coburg, and improved hats. 

174 LixiLLATEB, — , Shetland hies — Producer. 
Specimens of knitting peculiar to the Shetliuid Isles. 



175 Kearse, Thomas, 40 (;c;r>je Street, Limerick, 

Trei I ltd — Design e r. 

Winter and summer overcoat combinc<l, composed of 
Irifih frieze and tabinct, and capable of various trans- 
fMmiations. 

W;iistcoat of Irish fricsw and t'lbinet, of similar con- 
struction. Tnm««c'rs of Irish frieze. 

Infantry coat and ca\'alry waidtooat, lined ^ith Irish 
taUnei. 



176 Farranoe, Miss, Wicklow, /r<?/and— Producer. 
Knitted stockings. 

177 Vincent, R., Glastonbunf — ^Manufecturer. 

Suit of leather clothes, made to imitate superfine black 
cloth. 

177a Stewart, Jane, Templetrine Olebe, Bandon, 

Ireland — Proprietor. 
Articles made at the Templetrine industrial school by 
the poorest class of the peasantnr, vie: coarse ribbed 
gentlemen's white socks. Knitted long and short black 
silk mittens. Children's knitted silk socks. Fine white 
knitted ladies' stockings and mittens. 



178 Kelly, J. & Co., 98 High Street, Kilkenny, 

Ireland — Manufacturers. 
Buckskin hunting breeches; buckskin raw material, &c. 



179 Nairn, Thomas Graham, Limerick — 

Manufacturer. 

Irish uniform frock-coat, for the Royal Horse Artillery. 

Irish frieze national cape, flowered at bottom; with the 
frieze cut, and sewed on; without seams, and cut out of 
the piece. 

Insh frieze paletot-jacket, for shooting, fishing, and 
walking. 

180 WooDHOUSE, John, 39 Lotcer Ormond Qtu^y, DuUm 

— Manufacturer. 
Oilt and plated buttons. German silver letters and 
figures. Brass mountings for military accoutrements. 

181 Peasants, Female, of Wexford, /r«/<wiJ— Producers. 

Samples of Traneen grass, plaited in the Leghorn and 
Tuscan style. 

182 Maher, Louisa, Ballinkeele, Ennisoorthy, Ireland 

— Proprietor. 

Samples of Cjfnosurus cristatus grass, or Traneen; and 
of rye straw. Plait of these articles. 

Articles made of Traneen plait, viz., hat, bonnets, 
flower-stands, and basket; and of rye straw plait, viz., 
hat and basket. 

Samples of black, white, and coloured floor-matting. 

Twenty-four varieties of plait for bonnets made of 
Traneen. 

[The Cf/nosiinis, calletl in English crested dog's-tail 
grass, forms a large part of all good pastures, la\«i8, &c., 
in England and Wales. — J. L.] 

183 Wilson & Son, Pn-^jheda Street, DiiJAin— 

Manufacturers. 

Bidbriggan hosiery. 



184 Dicks, W., IVvrtV— Manufacturer. 

Lamb-skin gloves. 



185 Ensor, Tuomas, Milhtme J*urf, near Sherborne — 

Manufacturer. 

Fur and kid gloves. Gloves lined with silk plush, wools, 
lamb-skin, &c. Goat, calf, lamb, sheep, doer, and fawTi 
gloves. 

Patent glove, x^ith a small purse insei-tcd in the palm 
of the left hand. 

180 WniTBY, E., }V.^i7— X;uiufacturcr. 

Skins in various stages of manuf;icturt», tmd gloves. 



187 Pitman, J., -V»7Wnc /'or<— Manufacturer. 
An as.sortment of gloves. 

188 Rawlings, Joseph, B., AfJjey Silk Mills, SherlnjivM, 

Ihjrset — Manufacturer. 
Gloving and sewing silks, for tambour, of various shatlos. 
Scarf; half -twist cloth, &c., of Bu^iorior (quality. 



588 



Class 20.— ARTICLES OP CLOTHING, FOR 
South Transept Gallery. 



[Ukited 



189 Monet, Elizabeth, Woodstock, Oxon — 

Manufacturer. 

Lamb-Bkin, as received from the leather-dresser. 

Drawn, round, and seam gloves, manufactured from 
lamb-skins. 

English fawn-skin riding gloves for ladies. 



190 CoBRY, John & James, Queen Camel, neat Teovil, 

Somerset — Manufacturers. 
Coloured and white lamb-skins. 

Eadies' and gentlemen's coloured and black leather 
grain gloves. 

191 Mathieson, Lady, Letns Castle, Stomoway — 

Producer. 

Embroidered muslin skirt, worked by the children at 
the school in the Hebrides. 

Two p»ir of hand-screens, made from feathers of wild 
birds in the outer Hebrides, by Miss Cameron of Stomo- 
way. 

192 Thompson, John, & Co., Kendal — ManufiEbcturera. 

Hand-knit Guernsey frocks (or woollen shirts). Scar- 
let and fawn caps; single scarlet; fancy striped; and 
striped Kilmarnock caps. Fancy Glengarry and plaid 
caps (or bonnets). Striped fleecy and mUled mitts. 
Wad-milled overalls (or boot-hose). 



193 Fry, James, Godalming, Surrey — Manufieu^turer. 

Fine Lisle-thread hose embroidered. Four-thread hose, 
plain. 

Fleecy breast-plates. Segovia shirts and pantaloons. 
Merino shirts and vests. 

Cotton pantaloons, drawers, and shirts. 

The thi^ preceding articles are all indifferent qualities. 



194 Holland, Thomas, & Co., Langham Factory, 
Oodilming — Inventors, Manufacturers, and Pro- 
prietors. 

Ladies* dresses; waistcoats, petticoats, drawers, 8cc. 

Men's shirts, trousers, drawers, hose, &c., manufactured 
of a fleecy wool, different from any hitherto adopted for 
imder clothing. 

Similar articles in "Segovia;" likewise prepared from a 
peculiar wool; also, in ** double Segovia," and in silk and 
wool. 

Men's trousers, shirts, and hose, in cotton. Cloth for 
outside wear. 

Over-coat, exhibited for lightness and warmth. 

Elastic cloth, calculated for breeches and trousers, used 
in riding. 

Registered waistcoat, with elastic ribbed back. 

Registered shirts, with elastic backs, and smooth fronts; 
ribbed or plain, made from cotton, silk thread, &c. 



195 Ward, Sturt, Sharp, 8c Ward, Helper, Derbyshire, 
ami 89 Wood Street, Cheapside — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of hosiery and glove manufactures, viz. : — 
Hose, half-hose, vests, and drawers, in all qualities 
from 24 gunge to 70 guage, manufactured from cotton. 
Lisle thread, merino, cashmere, silk, and spun silk, 
amongst which are cotton and Lisle-thread hose made on 
a 70-guago frame. 

Gloves, mitts, cuffs, sleeves, and caps made from the 
same materials. 

[By the number of gauge is meant the quantity of loops 
within a given space, and hence when these are increased 
within that space, the quality of the fabric is increased in 
delicacy and value. 

The invention of the stocking frame is generally ascribed 
to William Lee, an expelled Cambridge student, who, 
watching the fingers of his wife, as she toiled for their 
mutual support by knitting stockings, devised this 
machine. By Elizabeth and James I., Lee was denied 
that protection and encouragement due to inventors; ho. 



however, succeeded in receiving, at the hands of Sully, the 
minister of the French King Henry, an acknowledgmait 
which was denied by his own countrymen. Lee died in 
France, and one of his apprentices brought the menufac- 
ture back into England, where it has been finally esta- 
blished and successfully carried out^ Kottingfaam and 
Leicester being its grand centres.] 



196 Cartwrioht & Warners, Loughborough, Leicester 

— Spinners and Manu&ctaiers. 

Patent Angola and merino jstde, of Tarions qualitiee. 
Pfttent Angola and merino hose, half-hoee, and wo6kB 
(white and coloured). 

Shirts, drawers, and ladies' vests and dr onoo s. 

Cotton hose and half-hose, with patent Angola anklee 
and feet. 

197 Taylor & Beales, Z^fcerter^— Manufacturers. 
Worsted, woollen, and cotton hosiery of all kinds. 



198 Harris, Richard, & Sons, Leicester — 

Manufacturers. 

Lisle, Berlin, military. Cashmere, piqne cloth, knitted, 
and lined gloves. Tncot piece goods. Cufib. Mitts. 
Ruffles. Muffittees. Socks and bootees. Gaiters and 
bootakins. 

Caps, hoods, hats, and bonnets. Mantillas and mufb. 
Neck-ties, scarfs, and boas. Comforters. 

Sailors' and fancy caps. Guernsey, worsted, and lambs* 
wool, fancy frocks and shirts. Worsted rests. Lambs- 
wool pantaloons. Fancy cotton shirts. 

Antimacassars. Netted handkerchiefii and shawls. 
Woven shawls. 

Children's dresses. Polkas and jackets. 

199 Hudson, James, J^eicester — ^liannfactorar. 
Lambs-wool, Cheviot, Cashmere, Saxony, Victoria, and 

worsted hose. Frame-knitted cotton and worsted hose. 
A variety of half -hose. 

200 Baines, John, Bowling Green Street, Leicester — 

Manufacturer. 
Wool, worsted, and Cashmere hose and half-hoee. 



201 BiLLSON & Hames, Leicester — Manufacturers. 

Children's socks and three-quarter hose; worsted sodcs, 
and a variety of cotton, worsted, Cashmere, and merino 
hose. 

202 Angrate Brothers, Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Lambs-wool hose, half-hose, shirts, and pantaloons, 

various qualities. Royal ribbed and Cashmere shirts and 
pantaloons. 

Ladies' woollen vests and dresses. 



203 Ward, Wiixiam, 8c Sons, ZWcrs^tfr— ManufactorBrs. 

Patent fancy cravats, boas, and pelerines without seam. 
Gentlemen's alpaca coats and capes. Ladies' polka coats. 

Fancy boots and gaiters. Worsted and cotton hose. 
Wool frocks. 

204 Beale 8c Latchmore, 5 Belcoir Street, Leicester — 

Manufacturers. 
Lambs-wool shirts, pantaloons, drawers. Tests, and 
ladies' dresses. White worsted ladies* dresses; and men's 
shirts and pantaloons, and vests. Royal ribbed shirts 
and pantaloons. White Guernsey shirts; Canadian shirts, 
and pantaloons; coloured shirts, lambs-wool and Cash- 
mere hose and half-hose. 



205 Biggs 8c Sons, Leicester — Manufacturers. 

Men's worsted, lambs-wool, royal ribbed, and cash- 
mere shirts and drawers. 

Guernsey and Jersey frocks, white and fancy. 

Women's worsted, lambs-wool. Cashmere, and royal 
ribbed shirts and drawers. 



muroiilll, FIR8GHAL. (Ht DCEHEmO DBB. 




IhMb «•*« Utta^ fcr 0rttH^ dor* toK *»■ 
Italb tarifc (Mte- Mtmt ^OMo^ NUdL of 
MQlllMftI Wmt, iBBtoO hr |)otw, witetbt^ *o.. 



O^a nd tbO, nad^ nOw mckaW prtcBt, on t«U 




Cloth of bwH* fur aaJ 
■Lui^iiuc-ham* : <•( h&re*' fi 






wool, with 
if wool rrora tli* pMhrniH K°*tj ^ 
rf Sottth Anariw; of 
w bcarar; aod of Sbxohv v(h)1, 
Oloni «f buW for cloth and O M h aww gMto-iraal 
oAi liouD* uid Sbxoqj. 
OlcrTMori4*Ii>tlinMl-ireb. madt m th* «Vp4n>d>iDe 

*y«HkMof Uw 



aoe 



■t«f kiM^ Uf-hoM^ ndaocfa, 



lailw^ aod giDtiaiiMl'a wool Teata and drawan. 
l^^t^ wUta and colourad boota. 
[^di^ fiuCT wool cob and alMTsa. Hen's cuSa. 
Chiklnn*a mufi. 

I^dW tanc7 wool trnd-dnaaea. Infanta' ttixj wool 
hooda, teta, aod bonnsta. Ladled wool paletoU. 



209 IClli^ FkiDSHCK & Jokm, Zaionfar— 
aU^ UaU thrwd, and OwhsMM ^ona. 



211 HusDM, ■taoMu 106 Agwil A 

IbDo&Btnrar. 
Tart batten for gi 
oofal, onyx, MttMUao, bloodab 



Bote da dMEotaw, naiaail i 

maU ri^ and adifUtad for qoali^, di . _., ^ 

mm. DnM atook, ob aa iiurond win friiiiMlaHn> 
■ihiUtadbraMaMiddnMUH^. Di^fuUfrnrtalodn 
irith «ail)coldM«d Im* fon, aaw In d^ipi. 

A aalaotioa nf "miM nond" oswti, wUJi ai 




218 BtiMBOH, AxxM, 33 Wood** JTm^ Orttemtr 
Bqmtn Mannfcotiuw. 
AqaOUdhhwdkbad-aonri cshfUud for watkK 
a^. 

2131. Lkbwkx Locu. OoMMtm^ BnOmd— 



"MvoM, Ommwu^ ft Bm^ui^ Cta^gma — 
KaBnfootnran. 
traw botmata and ^ait, dm 
from Tf» itnLW grown In tha Oiknaf lalaodi. 

216 DiTna, Bksakd, Sbn^a Zant, 

Inventor. 
A hat nude of leather b; a peculiar pmoeM. 

21 7 BoBCBTS, Edvard Botd, 339 Begait Strtet, and 

32 Uoorgate, City. 
The beaver (Coator j!6«r), applied to articles of clothing. 



690 OFFICIAL, DESCRIPTIVE, AND ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE. 





i 


-Sect. III. 


1 


^ 




1 



CITTLERY, KDGE AND HANI) TOOLS. 



INTRODUCTION. 

The present Class in some d^rec CArriM the attentioii a^n among tlio implements ufteil in maniirHcturcp, and 
oompreheDils nil those touls not included in Clasfi C. Tlic tools t>elcinp;ing (u the present Cinss are princi|ially 
uf the snullcst description employetl in arts requiring delicacy and precision of tnuch, rather than the exercise 
of mechanical force. The knives and other Bhar(> inBtrumenls, coming under the general dcuoniinatiou or 
Cutlerj, are ohjecte of familiar knowledge and employment. 

The Class is divisible into two Sub-Classes ; the first of these, A., includes Cutlery, such as Knives uid 
Porks, Ten and Pocket Knives, Razors, Scissors, and Shears ; of these some are employed forjiersonal, domestic, 
1^ oratuoerclal pur|x«es — some for use in vniious trades and handicrafts — and some l>elong to the class of oma- 
mnit»l rkther tlian useful articles ; ]!. comprehends Files and other small Kdge Tools, not included among 
lUnufkcturing Tools in Class 6— of these, some arc applicable to the purposes of the en<!ineer and smith, others 
lo those of masons, &c, A finer kinil ia employed bv jewellers, lapiilaries, watchmakers, and other workers in 
phihw^^icy JDStrumcnts or in precious metais; otliers are used for woodwork by caqieuters, cabinet-makers, 
te., and others Iw artists and engravers. 

For those articles tn this Claiis which have not been sent from Sheffield, search will be made in llic North 
Gallery. The Sheffield goods, bolongin« in strict ]itopric(y to tliis Class, are included amon^: Itardwani in the 
ft^lowing Class, and will bo found in the Building on the "South Siile of the Nave, about midway l-etu-ecn the 
Transept and the Western extremity. The mnnufactun's of Shellield being tlie most im|iortant, it is necessary 
to defer the notice of them to the succeeding Class, for the reasons just slated. Nevertheless, in the Metropolis 
ilwlf a verj- ci'nsidcrable ammiMt of the !H.>»t rli-siTipti.ms of articlrs of cutlery are mn.le ; but llic pnijiortion of 
Metn>|iiilitiin :;«ii<ls in lliis de|>artmeiit, is Hiiiall in niiu|Kiriikiu with that uf Klitltielil, iu which llic niiuiulnclure 
uf cutii'ry hiilils a lusition uf the ^ireatext extent and ini]iiirtanei-. 

Many of llie minute tmlseniplnycil in the carver's iirt niulln thalof eii'^raviiiiiani hcreexhilnted. Tlicse tixils 
lutve aripiiml nmch celebrity, ami arc inaiiufikctureil of a suivrior di'M'ripliou ofsleel, and with much nkill and 
i-m-. Ahliou^'h prc-senlin;: in. rvtenial fi-iiture of interest, these minute inslnnm^nts repRwiH llic means bv 
wl.Kh miK-h of what is artisticnllv U'autifnt ^tnd pliasln^ to the eye Ims Wax iiroliio'd : the hi^l'tiuily which 

■nnsjiicunuwiy mauifested in many of the s]«'ci- 



1 WEiTnEM,v. Kdwabp. .1 B.-haont T<r<Mf, 


LnrKC l«kj..Liit koivc-, with corkscrews. 


n-.n'l,>r...Ui,:.,..l. 


A knife, with two bl*ii«, euikwiMW, luid Icnthor 


ThU'» ww-wt, IwLnK a imtuut fur iuiprovcmtiita m tbo 


piin^h. 




K'nii' bliulvil knivw, v,-ith jioaii nn<t kIik h:Hi<IhM. 




Ttir.'u-bliMleil kniv«s. with iwu-1 iukI n-ry IiiuuIIm. 




2 THOSSIHLL, WaI.TBR, 1+4 Xl-w Ilf,,l.l l^lnvt - 


TwD-lihuluil iH'nknivori, with ix'^irl hsudliM. 


M.-uiiifM.tijrfr. 


1'niui.iK kuive« and .-..li-erwHS. 


St«l i-hsU'liiLne. miumfncttired atU-v llie -tv II- ,.f l\„- 


The nutuiu siv so ttoiutnietcd lh;it the thicknow of the 


..Idpirtwd Htrt-1 w.irk. S.iMoti". Breiul kniveii, nith 


Wk and tlH. ImiuW. ol the bUMle fiivo tiie cl^e the 


carrM Iwx lui-l ivrv hatidlr.-. 


|in>l«r angle fi.r fhaviiiit with mw. Tlii-y «n.re carefully 


M™lel nf * pniiiiiiK ii.-'tninuTit, f..r |.nuii»a t.«-- at 




mj heitflit, M.'iiul .pf a llo«Mr-(,-at)iuiii', vlkh ..iilrt ull 


11 l!ieriii..miU.T. 


tUf flowvr and l,..ld- it. 




Specitowuioti'iitlerj-. 






4 IliJ>rKLi., Thomas CrKsT, A Co., i- MM\- 1:--. 
//„; .„■„-- M:in u fiiet iin^in . 


/r.f.i.»i-Miunir.i.-l.iivrH. 




IUkt.. wilh iwiri mi.l t..i-t..i«.Hli,.ll h^iiidle-, t-"ld 


Ti.).l.^cii!l.'niii..d.-iii l,..:„l.,ii. 


turw. l^M'. a.,.l p.i.i i.1;i1.-i L«i.l«. 


Kllli^"■:mt^■ mA tmelk'i- |ir..iuet..r, or biuyl.ir-' iiili 


K»*.n., »-ilh iv..r*- iir.ii.lU^ mi.i ViIv.t liilu'l,.. 


mUU.„: 


A knif.-, Willi l«'k-joiut, kn,-o U.u\.: |.'n l.t^ulo. hntt..Ti 




h-v*. rork«i\'», Ic^illjLT pnnth, gniii-iekcr. tftiM huax-l. 


han.ll.-. I..V uhiHi ll..- ,-.,.i,ihLs ■■! tlic -.iif.uc ,,. i.iv-. iw.J, 



592 



Clam 21.— cutlery, EDGE AND HAND TOOLS. 

North Gallery. 



r Ukitep 



5 Kino & Peach, //«//— Manufacturers. 

Specimens Bbowing the different stages in the manu- 
facture of a moulding plane. 

Moving fillister, with the fence fixed in the usual 
manner, and with improved fence. 

A sash-fillister, for making the rebate in a sash-bar. 



6 Deane, Dray, & Deane, London Bridge, City — 

Proprietors. 

Set of superior table and dessert cutlery, with steel, 
French pattern, three-prong forks, with grand and game 
carvers, and parallel table steel to correspond. 

Table and dessert knives, silver ferrules ; grand carvers, 
game carvers, and hexagon table steel ; vegetable four- 
prong fork. 

Table and dessert knives, fluted ivory; with grand 
and game carvers, and knife sharpener. 

Table and dessert knives, Waterloo balance, with grand 
and game carx'ers. 

Mother-of-pearl silver plated dessert knives and forks, 
fluted handles. 

Ivory German firame spear-point bowie-knife ; stag 
German frame clip-point, polished and glazed. 

Ladies' superior fine scissors. 



Morton, J. & G., 8 Great Turnstile, Lincoln* 8 fnn 
Fields, and 39 Chcapside — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of London-made table cutlery. 



8 Wood, J., 28 Spurrier Gate, York — Manufacturer. 

Registered York razor, having a level or slope only on 
one side. Specimens, showing the different stages of 
manufacture. 



9 



CowvAN, Bernard & Samuel, 164 Fcnchurch 
Street — Inventors. 
Canton strop, or Chinese razor-sharpener. 



10 Sharpe, J. & R., 5 Gough Sqttare — Manufacturers. 
Table-knife cutlery, manufactured in London. 



1 1 Addis, Samuel Joseph, 20 Gravel Lane, Southtcark. 
Tools used by carvers. 



1 2 Mechi, John Joseph, 4 Lcadmhall Street-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens of British cutlery, razors, scissors, pen- 
knives, and table knives, in cases. 

Specimen razor and table knife, made from the finest 
tempered steel. 

Specimen of the rough steel from which they were 
manufieu^ured; and specimens showing the various stages 
of the process. 

[In the succeeding class will be found various notes 
giving account of the process of manufactiu^ of cutlery 
generally. This manufacture is carried on principally at 
Sheffield ; but it is also prosecuted in other towns, as in 
the Metropolis, though to a very limited extent.] 



13 



MosELEY, John, A Son, 17 & 18 Xcir Street, 
Cormt Garden — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of planes and various other tools, with 
modem improvements. 

Tool chests, containing tools, adapted to the various 
branches of mechanical skill. 
Cutlery, needles, &c. 



1 5 LOY, W. T., jun., 60 St. Martin's Lane— 

Designer and Manufiicturer. 

Specimens of cutlery. Registered razors fitted with 
the Tudor guards. 

Razors, with carved ivory and chased metal handles in 
bronze, silver, and electro-gilt. 

Carving knives and forks^ and other arUcIes of cutlery, 
of new design. 

17 Waldron, Wiluam, & Sons — 8t<mrbridge — 

Manufacturers. 

Scythes, as used in various countries. 

Crown chaff-knife. Hay -knives, with side and T han- 
dles. Trussing knife. Bramble s^the. 

American grass hook; South of England reaping hook ; 
hedge brushing hook ; and pea bill hook. 



Id Buck, Joseph, 91 Waterloo Road, Lambeth — 

Manufacturer. 
Circular and other saws. Variety of turning and other 
mechanical tools. 



19 Yeates, Frederick Oreen, 10 Wincksw»rih 
Buildings, City Road — Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Rcgistereil lever knives, for opening preserved provi- 
sions, fruits, lardine cases, &;c. The fuivantage is in the 
power of the fulcrum, or leverage. 

Registered twine or string boxes. The internal box, 
containing the ball of string, revolves and draws back the 
superfluous string, preventing its becoming entangled. 



20 Baker, Wiluam, 14 Allen St,, Gomttll Strtei— 

Manufacturer. 
Awls, bodkins, steels, and other implements, for shoe 
makers, carpenters, &c. 



21 Stewart, Charles, & Co., 22 Charing Croa — 
Manufacturers and Pfttenteea. 
Patent Plantagenet guard razor. This razor ia shown 
with the guard in the annexed cut. 




Patent Ooard Rasor. 

Improved razor-strops and paste. The procees of 
cutlery in the manufacture of the razor. 

22 TvzACKs, J., 7 Upper Bemers St., Commercial Rd. Easi 

— Inventor. 
Double patent British razor. 



14 



LoY, William, 24 King Street, Whitehall— 
Manufacturer. 
Club skates with straps. Skates, fitted with cramps 
and heel fastenings, to secure them to the boot without 
straps. Indies' skat-w, similarly improved. 



23 Addis, James B., jun., 17 Charlotte Street, Black- 
friars Road, and 29 Litots Street, Deptford — Inventor. 

Carving tools, and a newly-invented set of tools for 
carving fruit. 

24 Knight, Qeoroe, & Sons, Foster Lane— 

Manufacturers. 

The amateurs* complete lathe cabinet, oonsisting of a 
4^-inch centre lathe on an iron bed, fitted with a slide- 
rs, and accompanied by a complete arrangement of 
chucks. 

Apparatus and tools requisite for wood, bone, and 
metal turning, including newly -invented chucks far cut- 
ting, filing, and planing. 

Mr. Francis' new lathe-rest for the support of delicate 
work, revolving between the mandril and back centre; 
also, for boring cylinders, &c. 

A dividing engine for the lathe, invented by the Rev. 
F. Meyler, for the piu7>o8c of obtaining a correct divirion 
of the circle witli great facility. 



Kl>?GDO]|.] 



Class 21.— CUTLERY, EDGE AND HAND TOOLS. 

North Gallery. 



593 



Improved cleaning, grindingy and polishing machine, for 
tooUy Sk., fitted with a series of bobs in bright spindles. 

Inaide and outside goffering machine, for silks, muslins, 
•trawB, &o. 

Crimpiiig machine for shawls. 

Outside crimping machine, for caps, collars, and dresses. 

An assortment of punches for dress-making, flower- 
making, pattern-making, &c., consisting of stnught and 
pinking; plain and compound scallop; pricking; plain, 
round, oTal, and jagged; leaves, sprigs, veiners. Sec, 

Joiner^s tool-chest, fitted with saws in covered till, 
planes in rack, and nest of divided drawers, containing a 
complete assortment of tools. 

Household tool-chest, with till and drawers, containing 
a complete assortment for common purposes. 

Amateui's tool-chest, fitted with a tray and divided 
drawer, and a complete set of tools. 

Warehouse chest, fitted with divisions, containing an 
assortment of tools for packing, opening, and trimming 
boxes, cases, and casks, and general warehouse work. 

Blasting apparatus, for rending timber, stumps of 
treei^ &c. 

25 CoLOAN & Son, Limerick — Manufacturers. 
Specimens of cutlery. 

26 Beadpord, Saxuel, Bagwell Street, Clonmel, 

Irehnd — Hanu £Eu;turer . 

Rasors, in tortoiseehell, pearl, plain and carved ivory 
handles; and with the ''tang,*' or that port of the blade 
held wldle in use, made in ivory or pearl. 

Raaor blades in the different processes, from the bar 
of steel to the finished blade. 

Penknives, pocket-knives, and sportsmen's knives. 
Hunting knives, by which a broken stirrup-leather &c., 
may be instantly repaired. Office knife, containing pen- 
blade and paper cutter, pencil, and letter-weighing appa- 
ratus. — Both invented by exhibitor. 

Portable slip knife and fork; the fork blade may be re- 
moved and replaced by a saw, file, button hook, &c. 

German smoker^s knife. Dagpjers. steel mounted, 
carved, and turned ivory handler, (jcrman hunting knife. 

Cucunibor ftlicor, which may l>e adjunted to any knife. — 
Invente«l ]»y cxhi})itor. Tobacco cutter. Pair "of nkaU'H, 
•■•n an improved principle. 

27 Ibiiotso.v, — , GhiS'jmr — Producer. 

Panel or block plane, capable of being .ilterod to a 
mitre plane. 

2W Offord, I)., (irrit y<innoith — Inventor. 

ImprovM moffticating knife and fork for dvKpeptie 
I^TRniw. Pro\-i»ii»nally regi.-*tered. 

[A masticating knife, 8o called from the minute state 
of division to which it reduces the food, connistn generally 
«.f a numljer of hlade."*, which, when acting on the food, 
diviile it at one ntroke into a number of portions. The 
utility of this invention, for those who rt^quire its assist- 
ance, apfieam to l>e established by exiKirience] 

'.\\ Hannah. A.. c;i.,x.jO'r — Manufacturer. 

Aisiwtrtmciit of Thomson's augers, bracers, bits, flaw and 
ilt-nch hammers, scollops, for boring woo<l, &o.. of vanous 
dimeuifions and designs. 

.32 Mathieson, a., filiisfoT — Mantifactnrer. 

As*r>rtmont of braces, bits ; pianoforte-maker's key 
t'toU: turning and caning tools; chisels, gouges, Sec. 
MA/4h, claw, veneer, and clench hammers. Saw buckle. ' 
wirh swivel. St'ts of screw augers. Sa.'^h and shutter 
cr.imj-*. Hohlfast with swivel screw. 

Flit ploughs with steel bridle and round bnuis stems: 
with imprr»ve«^langulir slide; with screw stems; iuul with 
<^A'u\ handle. 

Sa^h anil side fillisters, with improved stop brass stems. 

Trying, jark, and smoothing phuu's. 



33 HiLLiARD 8c Chapman, Gl(tsgou> — Inventors and 

Manufacturers. 

1. The "Clydesdale razor" — a model razor on a laige 
scale, exhibited for synunetry and execution. 

2. The "people's razor." 

3. The " oi^ganic razor." The angle of the edge is pro- 
duced on the under side of the blade, and the principal 
concavity on the upper side. The configiuration of the 
blade, at the point, heel and tang, is part of the improve- 
ment. 

4. 5, 6. Additional samples of the "organic razor." 

7. The "hypenetome, or beard plane," invented in 
1851; new instnunent for shaving; constructed on the 
principle of the carpenter's plane. It may be used with 
either right or left hand, and it admits of wiping, strop- 
ping or sharpening, like a conunon razor. 

8, 9, 10, 11. Additional samples of the "hypenetome." 

12. The " vallise strop," invented in 1851; containing 
the " hypenetome, or beard plane," shaving brush, shav- 
ing-soap, in case, and the strop. 

13. The registered table knife, with invbibly secured 
handle. By a simple contri>'ance, incurring scarcely any 
additional labour, or expense in construction, the handle 
and blade are locked together, and cannot get loosened in 
use, while they may be readily separated for repair or re- 
newal. The fastening is invisible, the handle showing no 
rivet, screw, or nut, of any kind. — Registered, March 7, 
1851. 

14. 15, 16, 17, 18. Additional samples of the regis- 
tered table knife, showing the various patterns; with 
some of the handles left loose, to explain the principle of 
the invention. 

19. Blade and handle of the registered table knife, in 
separate parts, the latter, sectionally divided, showing its 
internal construction. 

20 The " superior family table knife." Exhibited for 
elegance, utiUty, and durability. 

21. The "sporting gentleman's pocket knife," with 
graduated portable Heme. 

22. The "improved (w^cket fleme-knife," for veterinary 
surgeons and grooms. 

2:^. The " country gentleman's knife." 

24. The '* nude truss," for hernia. Exhibited for sim- 
plicity, lightness, and comfort in use. All padding or 
covering being dispensed with, it can be used while 
bathing, without lieing affecte<l by the water. 

34 Saunders, (J., liriKul'mi/, Xew }'i>rk. 
Four- sided metallic tablets and razor strops. 



3,*) Mathieson, Thos. A., & Co., d Xicholson Street, 
Kdinhiirijli — Manufivcturers. 
Improved sash fillister j)lane for windows; wood brace, 
bifiss neck, improved pad, and pattern bits. 



3<) Macpherson. C. & H., 1 dH mere Street, Pnuffi Works, 
AV/i/i/»»//v;A— Manufacturers. 
A brace, with all kinds of bits used for boiing, 
•Irilling. and countersinking. 



37 



Barker, Robert, En.siwjtnifd, Yorhshire — 
Manufat.'turer. 
Uutchei's' and house stvols. 



38 ToMLIN & Co., Krtterintj, Nnrthamptonshire — 

Mantifacturei's. 

Sickles for reaping com, used in the midland counties. 
The teeth arc cut fine and gi-ound sharj) without pulling 
out. 

Shears uscmI in Hlu-ej)-sheanng, wool-sorting, thatching, 
and caq>et-making. 

3l» StiU-J, PkTKH, W<irrin i(<>,\ mvi liothrrhain — 

Manufa'-tnrer. 

Blister and shear steel. Cast-steel, in the ingot and the 
bar. Coach-s])ring steel. Lnncjishiro files ami to«.I;*. 

Magnets. iiia<le according to the system of the Kev. 
William S<-ore'<by. 1>.I>.; reniarkabh* f<»r their groat 
j»ower. 

•J Z J 



594 



Class 21.— CUTLERY, EDGK AND HAND TOOLS. 

NoRTU Gallery. 



[Dr. Scorosby^ who has devoted a hirge share of hia 
attention to the couBtructiou of magneto, adopts the 
following mode of imparting magnetism to steel bars. 
He places the bar to be magnetised upon two powerful 
magnets, and then draws them gently apart until the 
upper bar rests with its ends on either end of the magnets; 
in this position it is allowed to rest for a short time, and 
then slid off laterally, the other side beuig turned down, 
and the process repeated until the bar of steel is 
thoroughly saturated. Dr. Scoresby insists upon the im- 
portance of using the hardest steel ; and the most powerful 
magnets which he has constructed are made of a series 
of thin plates of steel, hardened thi^oughout, each one of 
the series being separately magnetised. — R. IL] 

Minerals. &c., from which magnets are made, viz., iron 
ore, from Dannemora, in Sweden; calcined ore; pig and 
bar iron. 

40 Gradwell, O., 8 Market Street, Manchester-r- 

Proprietor. 

Specimen of cutlery, knife with 300 blades, each '■ 
having a sei)arat'C spring. j 

42 Bi'JX^nER, IsATAii, Waicrhm Street, Wolverhampton — 

Mauuifacturor. 
Various augers, bits, borers, chisels, and gouges, for 
Hhipwrights, ciU^K'ntoi's, coopoi>», pump-boi-ors, imd wheel - 
wnights. 



46 Durham, Joseph Banks, 456 New Oxford Street — 

Manu&oturer. 

Articles of cutleir. Highly polished and richly cut 
steel chatelaine, with improved scissors and tablet. 

Series of blades, showing the various stages of a table 
knife, from the bar of steel to the finished blade. 



47 Hill, J. V., 6 Chichester Place, Gratia Ttm Rood 

— ManufEu^urer. 
London-made saws; the blades, after they are ground, 
are filed to a gauge, so that there is no fricUon on the 
blade of the saw. Other tools. 



48 Beach, W., iSWw&wy— Manufacturer. 

Assortment of cutleiy, including fox-pad and fiiwn*s- 
feet hunting-knives. 

Newly designed pearl paper-folding knife, rroresentiug 
the crown, sword, and sceptre, with engraved views of 
Wilton House, Wilton Churdb, Salisbury Cathedral, and 
Stonehenge. 

Cancers* pruning knives, shooting knives, &c. 

Fine scissors, in newly invented steel cases for dbate- 
laiues. Model of Stonehenge. 

t ^ — — 

49 Eastwood, O., 31 Walmgate, IVA— Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
A imnolpliinc, answering the purposes of both panel 
and miti'e. 

(For Sheffield goods, see Oass 22, Nos. 102—235, &c.) 




GENERAL HARDWARE, INCLtlDING LOCK AND GRATES. 



INTRODUCTION. 

The muller rouiufactaTes or iron, copper, bnws, tin, &c., n.ro rcprcsoiilc<1 by the objects contfune^ within the 
JimitB of tiiia eitensrve Class. Tlieae manufactures are of consiilerablu imixirtnnce to ttiis cmiutry, and enipioy a 
laree nnntbeT of handB and n considerable amount of ca|iita1. But thuobjeels theniBelveii are oftt-n of the niMt 
trinii^ de«eription ; and w«tc it not for the knowledjie that upon their prmluction de|icni)H the HiibiiiHtcnce of 
many tboumids of 0|ieiativeB, ihcy might he passed by without notice. Uiit in l.lie ninnufacturiiig world the 
minutort article hax its importance when the consumption of that article is jireat and the dcnuinil coniitant. It 
will oonseqiiently be found that the nioet insij^ilicnnt object comjirehcuilcti within this (Uaas has imporliuit 
icUtioaa with the prmpcrity, not merely of a few individuals or oF^ one manufnctory, but of an entire district 
and ita po(iulation. 

The Class includes Ibe foUowing Sub-Clnsses : — A. Brass Manufacture, as Cabinet and General Draai 
Fwindiy, Hinges, Fastenings, Door-knockers, Castors, Ax. ; B.('iip|ier, Zinc, Tin, I'cwter, and General Braziery, 
u Kettles, Saucepans, Urns, Tubing, lnkstan<la, S|)oons, ^c. ; C. Iron Manufacture, as Stoves, Gmt««, P'ciiilrni, 
Locks, Hinj^es, &c., and objects of a larger kind, as Mangles, Gates, &c, ; D. Stoel Manufacture, as "Heavy 
Steel Toys," such as Hammers, Vices, &c., and " Light Btccl Toys," as Brooches, Buckles, &c. ; E. Buttons'; 
V, Wirework, Gauze, Hooki! and Ej-es, Pins, &c. 

A eonsiiierable amount of space is occupied by tliia important Class in the Buildin^i, Tlie nrlieles comiirised 
in it will I* found on the Poulh Side of llie Western Main Avenue, to the West of the Coii.jiial rr™hKli..ns. 
'lb.. Areas L. M. N. an.l O. IK to 20, and S!r> to '27, are .K:cii|iied with Ihese. Aldiif; a ei.nsid.nl.le luirl of the 
li'iiLth of the Avenue d. i'.. Stoves, rip<>s, Jiatlis, Lamps, and a niisceilanTOus collection of lliinlwnre of evcrv 
il.-«Ti[.lion will lie fnimd. 

Iliniiiii'Jiani has loun liccn cnnncctoil with the mnnufneture of linrdwaro of every kind, to such n degree llial. 
the name of the town has often Iiecome asHoriat<'d with these artirlen. Some deiKirtnii^nls of the trade are like- 
wine viisicotixlv piwheil at Wolverham]iton, AVnlsall, and Phellicid ; but Iliniiin<!ham may In- legitimately 
««islilenil as the nH'tnipolis fur hardwares generally ; and the eiinnnoiiK extension of its trade, nttribiitalile in a 
■.:r«it measure lo these manufactures, indicates the momentous results to which tbe]irodnclion in qunntiti<ii of 
till' most trivial objects may give rise. In forty years the )io]iuliilion of llimiingbain has itien'nspil by nearly 
l-V> |ier cent. ; and what is lii};hly inslniclive n'lid remarkable is the fuel that, in proporlion to tbe inereane of 
prinhiction haslieen the dwreaso of price, until Ihcro biis Wen a rediieticn in llic same jierio.1 of »l«>iit (!■.; j^t 
e.-i.t., and in wiine .arlicles even to Kn |ier cent. The ex]«rts have likewise i i iimen«'l v incrfawd in llie siime 
linn- : at its oniiiienreuieiit Ihev sii"bllv exreivled "i.SiXi tons .iiinuallv ; in Is41l, Iho e\i->rls amouTili^i to 
:£I.4J1 tons, tbe lalue of wbiehh.is l..<-ii estimated at nl«ut LViOl,;!!."^'. slorlin,:. 'Iliis n^lates n.erely to llie 
irm ntanufaetiin^s: of the Imiss and rojipcT mannfacliires were e\].iirtrd in lt^l!^ to the vnlne nf I ,K7r.,8i;,"i/. ; 
and it rlew-rves notice, Ihal (he arealest ]>rn]iirtion of these ?nnijTif;irttires alMirliil by any eniiiitry is that 
annually imjwrteil by Ilindostan — a counlry whose c.irly n^imtalioti in nieliil man nfatt lire's is « subj.'ct of 

TTie system of the manufacture of lianlware in nimiiagbam is (leeulinr, and [>resciils a strikina cnntrnsl to 
that aili>|>tnl in M.'^ncliesler and other l.ir;;e n inn ii fact uriui; jilaoes — tbe o|ieralives are tbemfielves the nianufar- 
turrn. Hiring a workshop in which Kleam-pi.wer is laid on, an.l wliieb is s]nTiaIly filte.1 up by llic mvni-r of 
tbe buililini;, in wbirh many Kuch workslio|Js an: ci'intainc'l, tlie nrli/an jilii^s his peeiili.tr trade, man u fart ores 
his .irtiehu, carries lliem home lo the merrliant, and receives the «cfkly payment for them, whioh oimhh^ him 
K.pmnire fresh malerinis, and iiroco^il in the ensuing w<«-k with his n-i;iilnr'Lil>iurs. A very l.ir,?' pmimrlion i^f 
li-tnlwarn; is llins nmiufacliircl. Itut this svstem is not nniver^d : nnrl rc.;nlar1v-iT<.raniiied fartories. emplov- 
a large niiml-T of worki»>.i|.le. niid |'«se=*-in'j all the dislio;;iiisbin- tc^iliins "1^ a -r-'nl pn-lileilii •■: ' ■' ' 



iiient. p: 
tl.i«. 



nd a 



r tvaoi 









i-arielv of.-irticles 



iis[*rtion, and fuller infoni 



506 



Ci^88 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 26 to 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



rUsiTBD 



1 Hood, Samuel, 81 Upper Thames Street — Proprietor. 
Improved ventilatiug stable stall, fitted with a cast and 

wrought \ron hay-rack, and with an enamelled cast-iron 
manger and water-cistern. 

Improved stench-trap of enamelled cast-iron. 

2 Smallman, Smith, & Co., Stourbridge — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens of Wyatt's new patent method of glazing 
the surfaces of cast-iron articles, pimips, water pipes, 
cisterns, &c., viz., water-pipe glazed inside; and flanged 
suction-pipe of pump. 

Specimens of glaze upon small pipe; upon a flat 
surface of cast iron. Cast-iron manger, glazed. 

Specimen of fused glass, previous to being groimd and 
mixed for use. 

3 Clarke, G. R., 2 Somerset Place, Kennington — 

Designer. 
Designs for chairs in ornamental iron -work. 



4 Guy, S. — Producer. 

A variety of horse-shoes. 



4a Barrow, — , East Street, Marylebone — Producer. 
Patent window-sash. 



5 King, Charles, 5 Tonhridge St., New Road, St. Pancras 

— Designer. 
Design for carriage -gates, to be executed in cast-iron; 
and for stained glass window. 



6 Phillips, J. B., Battersea Fields — Designer. 

Design for ornamental iron gates, with suitable stone 
piers, for a park entrance. 



7 Stevens, Henry Rowe, Newmarket, Cambridgeshire — 

Manuifacturer. 

Specimens of horse-shoes for hunters, hacks, racers, 
and carriage horses. 

Narrow hind, fore, and broad plates for race horses, 
with thin-soled feet. 



8 WooDiN, D., 28 Shepherd Street, White Horse Street, 

Piccadilly. 
Patent shoes for horses or other animals, preventing 
their slipping on wood, ice, or any other surface. 

9 Miles, W. — Producer. 
Various horse-shoos. 



10 Whitehead, John, Oxford Street, Manchestei 

Inventor and Producer. 
Horse-shoes. 



1 1 Chopping & Maund, 370 Oxford -S^rcrt—Patentees 

and Manufacturers. 
Specimens of Rodway^s improved patent concave horse- 
shoes, to prevent slipping on turf, wooden pavements, 
Ac. Patent machine-made, fullered, and seated horse- 
shoes. Polished specimens of the same. 



12 Holmes, Captain— Producer. 

Improved horse-shoes. 



13 FooARTY, James, Ad tm Street West, Pryanston Square. 
Horse-shoes. 



15 HiLLMAN J., 4 Leaver's Buihlings, Glasshouse Yard— 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Concave expansion horse-shoe. 



16 Cook, William, Willesborongh, Ashford, Kent-^ 

Manufacturer. 
HorHe-Hhocft in general use. 



17 Plomley, W., Maidstone — Inventor. 
Model of an improved horse-shoe. 

18 Peirce, W., 38 Loyd Street, Oreen Keys, McaichesUr — 

Inventor and Ifanufocturar. 

Registered letter-copying machines or profloeo; the re- 
quired pressure being obtained by means of India-rubber 
or steel springs. 

Model of a window with registered sash-fiistener. 

19 Baker, Edward Brackstone, 9 WaJhrook — 

Designer and Inventor. 
Simple and portable hand-pressure letter-copying ma- 
chine, called a " manutype." The letter to be copied, to- 
gether with a damped sheet or sheets of copying paper, 
are rolled together, with the India-rubber cloth, around 
the gutta-percha tube, and a very slight pressure of the 
hand produces a perfect copy : the interior of the tube 
contaiiis copying ink, pens, and other requisites. Writing 
and copying paper is rolled round the " manutype," and 
the whole is enclosed in a small tin case. 



20 RoTHVEN, John, New Street, Edinburgh — Inventor 

and Manu£Eicturer. 
Letter-copying press, combining seal press and letter 
weigher. Its advantages are simplici^, power, and &cOity, 
in copying letters or designs; stampmg, and other useful 
applications. 

23 Syues, William, 19 Victoria Road, PimUoo — Inventor 

and Patentee. 
Lump-sugar chopping-machines. 

25 Bartrum & Pretyman, Prick Hill Lane, Upper Thamet 

Street — Manufacturers. 
Wrought copper nails, roves, rivets, and washers. 

26 Richardson, Robert, 21 Tunbridge Place, 

New Pood — ManufjBcturer. 
Wire netting, to protect gardens and plantations ftt>m 
hares and rabbits; to enclose pheasants and fowls; and as 
a fence against cats, dogs, sheep, &c. 

27 CooHBES, Benjamin, & Co., 30 Mark Lane — 

ManufiEU^urers. 
Fine twilled woven wire. 



29 Walker, Edward, 6 Cardington Street, Euston Square 

— Manu&cturer. 
Specimens of perforated brass, respectively containing 
eight thousand one hundred, ten thoiisand, and fourteen 
thousand four hundred square holes to the squaie inch; 
used for drug-grinding, glass-making, black-lead milla^ 
and all purposes where fine powder is lequirod. 

30 WiLKiNS k Weatherly, 29 ff^h Street, Wappmg^ 

Manu&cturers. 
Specimens of Smith's patent galvanised and ungal- 
yanized iron and copper wire ropes used for railway 
inclines, various mining operations, including pit guides, 
suspension bridges, standing rigging, li^tniog con- 
ductors, window and conservatory sauies, fencing, and 
sub-marine telegraphs. 

[Iron wire ropes are of equal strength with a hempen 
rope of four times the weight, and resist the wear and 
tear they are subjected to in "running gear" twice as 
long. If the surface of a wire-rope be left in any part 
unprotected by some coating impenetrable to moisturo, 
the internal fibres become in process of time oxidised. 
and unseen decay goes forward. Iron cleaned by add and 
plunged into a bath containing melted sine, becomes 
coated with that metal, and the parts left unzinked alone 
rust. Iron thus treated is said to be "galvanised.** S. C] 

Part of a bar of iron, rolled at Sharp and Brown a 
mills, Fazeley Street, Birmingham, drawn into wire so 
fine that it has been formed into a Prince of Walev* 
plume <»f feathers. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GBATE8. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, 4 P. 3 1 



31 VwB, HUTBV HoLToH, 2 Aiulocer Phwe, KUbum— 

Doeigner aud Manufacturer. 
Impraved bird-cage. 

32 %vrsR,yi., Surrey C<ma{,Ca«\bermU—'iSaDa!tuAarei. 
Spedmeiia of wire rope, in frame. Specimen of wire 

ropa for suipeiuion bridge ; and fitted into pulley 



wire ropa prepared, for use. The improvement is stated 
Ut conot m preventinx the wirea and Btrands (ram being 
twisted on themaeWea, m the proceea of laying them rouud 
cmtre ooraofhempi io giving an aqual tension to each in- 
diTidaal wire; and In preserving the interior eurfaco from 
cairodon by utunting the corea of hemp with tar, &c. 

33 Wood*, W., 1 Omai St,, A^lAwnr*— Hanufocturcr. 
Hooka and ejea, for military and uavo] uDiforme, and 

dnfiacy purpoaei. Brasa chaina fur lampa and Bcalea. 

34 BiBHAKD k Bishop, AVirieA— Manufacturera. 
Ornamental Gothic hinge in wrought iron, with ivj 

leaf and stalk ■■ a decontion. 

FourtMD apacimen* of galvanized iron wire netting. 



3a FwX,THOi.HEN»r, 44 StiBnerSirirt— Manufacturer. 
Omamental garden arch for training creepen. Wire 
llower-ataDda. Wire netting for aviaries, &c., and the ei- 
clnnon of game. Ornamental bird-cogei. Flower-tiain- 
«ra. Wove wire, fly-proof, diah and plate coven. Braan 
wire liMiginyi, fire guarda. Brass and copper wire, and 



3t> NawaLL, R. S., & Co., Oatahead, NtacattU-upoa- 
TyHe — Inventora and Manufacturers. 
Sample of wire strand, used for fencing, signii] cord, &c. 
Sample of wire ropes. Wire rope for suapeitaion bridges ; 
and cable laid wire rope. Wire rope, showing the modt! 
ft rplicing. Patent wire ropes fur submaritie tele^rmph; 
hichtning conductor; co[ii«r window tuwii eoi-il and 
pii'ture cord. I'atcut 8al vriru ropu, and gviido roiio, f<ir 
>-• ul pita, tic. Rvpc which boa boon at work cousUutly 

;i7 RrfNOLDS, JoR.-J, -Vfic t'umpbm Sine'. 

An oniamcnla] wire flower tabic. 

The ai.-coDi|ianying illustration reproscnts this tnbte. 
Tlie upjier p«rt is suppiirteil by three serpentH of wu-o, 
wlJch unite to foni] the le^'s of the Uhle. 




38 FliveI/, SiDNET, LtamiiujtiM — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Patent kitcheners or cooking grates. 

39 QREENi.va, N., & Sosa, Warruujhn — Manu&cturers. 
Extra strong wire-cloth, wove by steam-power, for 

wheat-screen, or drying kiln floor covering malt-kiln 
floor nith only two joinings; for separating minerals, 
and various other purposes; for rice-polishing machines, 
&c.; made with flat warp, to increase its durability; for 
dressing rice, and tor various other purposes. 



40 GoBHiE, TnoHAS, /'efWr— Designer and Manufacturer. 
Malleable iron garden ohiiir. Wire-netting, forexclud- 
ing hares and rahhits from gardena or fields. Land mea- 
suring chains with oval rings. 



41 LiNLEY, TnoMAB, A Sons, M Stmlc'i Street, Sitffield^ 
Patentees and Manufacturers. 
Patent circular double-blast bellows, in iron tmaa, 
complete and ready for work, equal in power to 32 long 
shape bellows, weight ISOlbe. They stand in half the 
room tliat long beliowa do ; effect a saving of twenty per 
cent, in fuel; every ntroke of the lever produces a double 
quantity and force of blast; support a diflcharging pipe of 
double capacity; and iron and steel is brought into a 
state offusion, viithout burning or injuring its properties, 
in about two-thirds of the usual time. 



42 Ghkb."*, Adhaham, 27 ipper Gcoiyt Street, Edgewart 

Moml—laveDtor and Manufacturer, 

Protective syphon cliiiancy -pot, for the cure of smoky 

elumueyn ; intended to create a draught, and provent the 

wind blowing doivu the sh:itt. Applicable to any chimney. 

4:( DasvatT, Ja»i;». X^ji/M Stm-t, .^'xalurhmd— 
luveutur imd Manuricturer. 
Domestic mangle, which Is said to ponauHs the following 
advimtBges: — great simplicity of construction, not liable 
to be deranged, power and efficiency in working, aud 
diuiitiiahcd cost. 

4a liHVUES&SoNs, 



■•/Irfcl, /i'.J.«4-iiyi — Inventors and 
AluniiRictiirctn. 

An index dial bell nith cii-ht indicators, iiioilo upon a 
new and simple plan, by which ouc bell only is i^xiulrud 
for any number of apai-tmunta. 

A manifolil bell-pull, conxtructed upon an entirely new 
plan, by which uno iiull is mode to ring liells in any 
nunilioi' of rooms. When the jiointer is placed oiqtoaite 
to any name on the dbd plate, and the kiiub pulled out, 
the bell is then runj! in the room indicated. 

An im|>n>vo(l circular telcgra]ili lioll, haviiiK two dials, 
numlwretl in tho same luaunur, by liiams of which eight 
iliffercnt clerks or workmen may bu called. 

An air signal niuuth-pii«e and bell. By blowing Into 
the miiutli -pieco the bell if rung, nt luiy diKttuicc Icmi than 
1,<HH>feet. I'hi" ixiui iniproveil nuithixl r,f ringing a U-ll 
in places too dixtant or not suitvd for working cruuks and 

A sin(.'le voice tulM mouth -piece mid bell-putl. Whuii 
.Iniwn i>ut, the tube i.riliw! \r "|K'ncil, unci tin- «i)-iiid bell 
U-inKru<>t!> the athmdunt inc-.dlml tuthuothcr cud oflha 

A roviilving m"uth-pi«M> forviiice Iu1k>», with bell-pull 

with six or any greater number of voire tiiUw, aud at tho 
Ham,' tim,- ui>h a sindl.u' nuu.bcr of MU, 

S|™.iincn of a «-lr-cl.=.iitK-valve nionlh.pi.'c.- f.T vuiro 
I ubo; and of a H[ning cuvuiihI moutli-pieco tor loice tube. 



508 



Class 22.--GENERAL HARDWARE, 
Ti. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 2r> TO 27 : ( ). 9, & \\ 8 to 29. 



rUs'lTED 



A bank-safe lock. The peculiarity of thin lock consists 
in an extension of the key after it is inserted in the lock, 
and a secret connection between the interior of the key 
and two of the players. The two inclined planes on the 
under side of the wards open or shut the extension of the 
key as it passes over them ; the part of the key thus 
extended operates on two players placed beyond the reach 
of picklocks, while, at the same time, the main part of 
the key works other two players, which are again operated 
on by the secret apparatus in the interior of the key. 
This secret apparatus can be removed at pleasure, and the 
proper key then becomes unfit to work the lock, and all 
skeleton keys, however well fitted to pass the wards, will 
not operate on the players. 

Specimens of drawing-room and dining-room lever and 
draw-out bell -pulls in ordinary use in Scotland. 

Specimens of bells, mounted on brass caniages, steel 
springs, and steel pendulums, with concealed attachments 
for the wires. 

A Venetian blind with a new spring roller. 

An improved spring roller sun blind, with patent slip 
catch. 

An improved spring barrel roller blind, with patent 
slip catch ; free from noise when the blind is drawn down, 
and allowing the barrel to be easily taken down to bo 
cleaned or rejiaired. 

46 Stewart, CnARLES, 40 Heli Street, Edtpeare Road — 

Manufacturer. 
A playing ornamental fountain. 

51 Edc^ James, Coalpix>l, Shropshire — Manufacturer. 

Model of apiur of pit frames, with barrel and flat chains. 

Wood and iron keyed flat chains, for pits of vai'iou t 
sizes. 

Improved straight-sided round chain, for naval and 
mining purposes. Horn-chain frames. 

54 Lawrence, T. B. & J., 55 Partvimcnt Street, and 
10 York Place f Jximbeth — Manufacturers. 

British zinc ores and zinc first running from the same. 

British zinc in ingots as merchandise. 

Rolled zinc in sheets, plates, &c., various. 

Perforated sheet zinc, for safes, larders, blinds, &c. 

Bntish zinc nails, &c. 

British zinc in various manufactured articles, forming 
a small assemblage of the applications of zinc. 

[The ease with which zinc can be turned into various 
forms, has brought the application of this metal into very 
general use; it is reduced into sheets from strips, by the 
ordinary process of rolling ; when undergoing the same it 
is heated, but not to a high temperature ; in soldering, the 
seam is touched with muriatic acid (spirit of salt) on the 
part to be united. Zinc may be drawn into tubes, &c., 
with facility, and stamped into various shapes. — W.C. A.] 

A warming-bath, with iron grate and chimney pillars, 
and chamber for shower-bath, with brass force for repe- 
tition. 

A lady's shower-bath, with hip-bath and force-pump. 

Antitjue bath, in imitation of marble. 

Knee-bath, with tube to vary temperature. 

Hip-bath. Foot-bath, with rest and soap -dish. Spong- 
ing-bath. Foot-bath and can, ja|)anncd. 

Coal-skuttle of British zinc, wiiich has been in use 2ii 
years. 

Toilet pail and can. Coal -holding vessels. Closet pail 
with balance l>nj4in. leo jwiil, with moveable jwrforated 
shelves. 

Drawn lengths of rain-pipe. Drawn lengths of rain- 
shutes or gutters, cornices, &c. 

Angles of connection. Cistern heads, or snow-boxes, 
various. Shoes for the same, various. 

Drawn lengths of zinc tubing, for bell-hanging, con- 
ducting water, sound, &c. Drawn lengths of zinc window^- 
bar. 

Sjiecimen-* of zinc plate ongravin.^ 



[A few years ago an attempt was made to Babsiitnto a 
zinc plate for the lithographic stone. The exporiment, 
can scarcely be characterized as a successful one: the pro- 
cess of drawing the designer's subject was identical with 
lithography, as also the preparation of the plate for 
printing.— W. C. A.] 

Vases in imitation of choice marble, with rare plants, 
as Wartl's cases. 

Lemon-shi4)ed domes of bronaed zinc bar. 

Pedestals of white zinc, for the same. 

Ward's cases containing suitable plants. 

Ai^gonaut shell, suspended with gold wire, in engraved 
vase, a fac-simile of one in the possession of Her Majesty, 
with a rare plant in it. 

Silver-gilt snuff-box with inscription. 

55 Treggon, H. & W., 22 Jewm Street, and 57 
Graci'chtwch Street — ^Iklanufiwturers. 

Zinc window-blinds, perforated on one pieoe of metal, 
with varied designs. 

Specimens of ornamental zinc mouldings, cornice, gut- 
ters, &c. 

Patterns of drawn and moulded zinc bars, of metal 
wishes. &c. 

5() Savage, Uodert Watson, 15 St. Jameia Square — 

Inventor. 

Springs for all descriptions of doors. Bedstead fur 
invtdids. 

Alarum bediitoad, causing a person to arise at any 
given hour. 

57 Smith, Thomas, 1 Lordship Place, Lawrence Street, 

Chelsea — Inventor. 
Portable folding wrought-iron bedstead. 



58 Tonkin, James, 315 Orfotxl Street — Designer and 

Manufacturer. 
Omamentod iron bedstead, of the Italian order, with 
registered spring lath bottom. This bedstead is repre- 
sented in the annexed cut (p. 599), which exhibits the 
ornamental character of the bedstead, and the spring 
lath bottom. 

59 Cottam, Edward, 2 Winslcy Street, Oxford Street — 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
The rheiocline, or patent spring bedstead, exhibiting 
an improved form of spring mattress. 

<)0 Steele, W. & J., 61 George Street, Edinlmrgh— 
Inventors, Manufacturers, and Patentees. 
Kitchen-range, including apparatus for ^^*f^til^g water 
for a bath. 

GOa Perry, E., Wokerhampton — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of iron and tin ore; common and refined 
pig iron ; bar and sheet iron; bar and sheet iron prepared 
for tinning; block tin; and tin plates. 

Strong tin ware: — Basting ladles; coffee boilers and 
I>ots; cullenders, fish kettles; saucepans, and pans for 
milk; skimmers; slices; soup ladles and tureens; stew- 
l>ans ; and tea-kettles, with and without stands. 

Planished tin ware: — Bed-airer; bonnets; biscuit pans; 
caff5ti6rcs; candlesticks; canisters; oval cheese steamer 
and toastei's; chocolate pots and mill; coffee biggins, 
boilers, filterers, and \w\a ; covers for plates and dishes ; 
^V^ lK>achcrs, codlei-s, and ladles; Etnas, for boiling 
water; fish-knife; flour-boxes; graters; hot-water dishes 
and plate; inhaler; pepper-boxes; slices; strainers, for 
milk, gra\7^, and gruel; moulds; tea extractors, kettles, 
and ]>ots; warmers, for carriage, for feet, and for stomach; 
wicker plate-baskets; wine mullers and strainer. 

Japanned ware: — baths; bread and cake baskets; boiler 
fillei*8; bonnet boxes; liotanical boxes; candle bi>xcs and 
safes; candlesticks; canisters, round and square; cash- 
boxes; cheese trays; cigar trays; coal Bcoojie, shovels, ami 
vnHfs; date casi^s : drt'ssing cases; ewers and basins; fin* 



i«crBen;gimpowdercaiiiirter; h.Tuiugtninipet; ! Bimffer tniyB; augnr-bnicB; tnblea; tea eaAdiet,; toBst 
jnpi; knife tmys ; liun]ta ; Inntenui; leg hntli; | mckn; toilette netii; tmya; iimbrelln hIiukIr; vegetable 
s; uiuic BtBnd; niireery Innipg; plnte camem | wsnneni; ventilators; waJtoi-B; (rater cana; wu boxes; 
en ; nudwioh and apice boxes ; apittoone ; j and writing boies. 




r¥ ft JiHES, IT'i/otK— ManiiKictiircre. I Siunplea of wrought iron gaa 

Pkfant iron bodirtewlH. cuiwintiiu; iif French half-ti'Ktor "na of thene bcdnteiviii ie shown in tlie cut, in wliVh iln 
»->il tent Iwdflteaila, Cliild'a eol iu imn mii! in hnuw. \ lightneas and simplicity are n)preBant4^. 




goo- 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



"^ United 



65 Hill, Edward, & Co., Bdivrley Hill Iron Works, 

near Dudley — Manufacturers. 

Ptttent four-post iron bedstead, with pillam of taper 
iron tubing, &c., japanned fancy bead and foot-rails; and 
the parts united by ornamental castings. 

Patent half-tester bedstead, with foot-rail, pillars of 
taper iron tubing, &c., fancyjapanned and brass mounted. 

Patent French bedstead, of solid iron, with femcy bead 
and foot-rails; and the parts united by ornament iron 
castings. 

Child's cot, of solid iron, with patent improvements, 
japanned blue, with brass top. 

Patent half-tester cot, of solid faron, with patent im- 
provements and registered safety sides, japanned bamboo. 

All the parts fit accurately and can be put up and taken 
down by one person, without tools, being put together 
with patent dovetail joints, and fitted with patent iron 
lath bottoms. 

66 Shoolbred, Loveridoe, & Shoolbred, Wolver- 

hampton — Designers and Manufacturers. 

Papier machd trays, in various styles. Coal vase, and 
scoops. 

Shower-bath. Windsor hip-bath. Sponge-bath, with 
various ornaments and improvements. Nursery hand 
shower-bath. 

Beart's patent coffee-pot, electro-plated on tin. 

[The principle of pneumatic pressure is Involved in the 
operation of this utensil : the upper portion of the pot 
may be considered a cylinder, in which moves the coffee- 
holder, which consists of a piece of cloth strained over 
what may be called a piston, the action of raising which, 
produces a partial vacuum, and the coffee is strained by 
passing through the sieve-like material of which the 
piston is composed, by atmospheric pressure. — ^W. C. A.] 

Sets of toilet-ware. Wine-cooler. Dish-covers. Tea- 
pots, coffee-pots, and tea-kettles. Cash, deed, and 
writing boxes. 

Date-dials for libraries, counting-houses, &c. 



67 Johnson, Edward, 160 Piccadilly — Manufitcturer. 

Iron folding hinged bedsteads, with brass hinges and 
legs ; with pole, having a ring at the top from which the 
curtains and drapery are suspended, capable of being 
packed in a small waterproof valise. 

68 Whitfield, James Alexander, Pclaw Staith, 

near Gateshead — Inventor. 

Improved grappling or dredging-iron, for drawing from 
the water the bodies of persons apparently drowned. 

The improvement consists in its passing over four times 
the space which the present irons pass over, and in the 
same time. In case of the hooks fastening at the bottom 
of the river they will straighten. The hanging-chain with 
the hooks will detect a body lying behind a rock or large 
stone. Made to take into pieces, so that it can be easily 
repaired. 

69 Walton & Co., Wolverhampton — Manufacturers. 
Coal vase and scoop; enamelled foot-bath, pail, and 

sponging and milk -cans; block -tin dish covers; bronzed 
kettles and stands. 



74 Stirk, J., Salop Street y Wolverhampton — 

Manufacturer. 
Engineers' anvil, tinmen's anvil, and smiths' vice. 



75 



Wood, George, Thomas, William, & Henrt, 
Stowbridye — Bianufacturers. 
Wrought-iron anvil and vice, for smith's forge. 
Spades and shovels. Scythes and hay knife. 
Grafting and draining tools. Pick. Frying-pan. 
Link chains used in rigging of vessels, cables, and 
inclined planes. Swivel, used in chains, to prevent 
twiatiug. Shackle, used to unite pieces of chain t<^ether. 



Anchors. Card of nails. 

Screw jack, for lifting wagons, boilers, and weights. 
Model: — Winch fori&ips. Windlass for lifting cabfes, 
and steering barrel for vessels. 

76 Keep & Watkin, Foster^s Works, Stourbridge— 

Bianufacturers. 

Spades and shovels used in the various counties of the 
United Kingdom, and in the colonies. 

Set of improved cast-steel draining tools. 

Roimd and oval frying-pans. Olaziers,' foundry, and 
cooks' ladles, and tinned iron band-bowls. Crown and 
patent garden, bramble, and grass scythes; and hay, 
chaff', and thatchers* knives. 

Specimens of crane and coal chain. 

Horse nails. Counter clout nails and coopen' rivets. 

Various anvils. Coopers' beak iron and smiths' anvils. 

Bright, staple, improved solid worm, screw box, 
vice, &c. 

Best faggoted axle arm moulds, for carts and wagons. 

Plough-share, beam, and coulter moulds, for foreign 
Knd home markets. 



82 Handtsidb, Andrew, Britannia Foundry, Derby — 

Designer and Manufacturer. 

Cast-iron fountain and vases, one a co^y of the '' War- 
wick vase." 

An ornamental cast-iron vase, bronzed. (Placed in the 
Main Avenue West.) This vase is represented in the 
accompanying Plate 60. 

Two cast-iron vases, from the Medici vase. 

Two Bacchanalian vases, from the antique. 

Two antique vases with scrolls. 

83 The Bowling Iron Company, Bradford, Yorkshire 

— Producers and Manu&ctiu^rs. 

1. Iron ore, as raised from the ground. 

2. Iron ore, calcined, ready for the furnace. 

3. Best coal, for smelting the said ore. 

4. Coke, produced from the same coal. 

5. Pig metal, produced from the same ore. No. 1, 
No. 2, and No. 3. 

6. Refined iron, from said pig metal. 

7. Stamjungs from refined iron No. 6, puddled. 

8. Railway wheel -tires, produced from No. 7. 
9 Railway wheel tire, bent cold. 

10. Railway axles, bent cold. 

11. Samples of puddled iron, rolled and punched in 
different forms. 

12. Round iron, tied in knots cold. 

13. Marine boilers, flue iron. 

14. Cuttings from boiler plates. 



84 Bateman, James, Polling and Wire Mills, Low Moor, 
near Bradford, Yorkshire, 

Bloom of iron H. C, produced at East Riee, Norway, 
and generally used for wire for cards, and other pur- 
poses, where great toughness and strength are required. 

Billet and wire rod rolled from the same. 

Nos. 6, 9, 12, and 19, wire drawn from the same. 
Rolled into rods and drawn into wire by the exhibitor. 

Various sizes of wire, from No. 24 to No. 38 wires' 
gauge, drawn from the same. 

Various patterns of cards manufactured with the same 
wire by Daniel Bateman & Sons. 

[The origin of the term "bloom" is not very evident; 
certain it is, that the most ancient iron-works in this 
country were called **bloomarie8," or "bloom-smithies." 
Blooms are lumi>s of iron, and are produced in such a 
way as to ensure great toughness. Such as the one 
exhibited are usually formed by melting slags in fur- 
naces at such a moderated heat that time is allowed for 
the metal to separate from the silicious matter which 
contains the impurities, which then runs down into a 
basin, where all the particles get agglutinated and form 
a pasty mass, which is removed by a hooked pole in 





i^ 


^fe^^^q=^^fe^=^ 




1 




' ■ 


H^iWi 


i 

h ^fe 



Kixr.DOM.", 



IN'CLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. (). 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



noi 



order to be foi^ged ; the formation of each bloom of 
malleable iron requiring a period of from three to four 
houn for its production. — R. H.] 

85 HiRD, Dawson, & Hardy, Low Moor Iron Works, 
linylftjnl — Producers and llanufacturers. 

HineraLs from the Low Moor Company's mines, near 
Bradfocd. Black ironstone, an argillaceous iron ore, 
yielding 28 per oent. of pig iron. Requires a limestone 
flux. Black bed ooal, found iumiediately imder the iron- 
stooe, about 28 inches thick. Better bed coal, found 40 
yards below the former, about 22 inches ihic^ Speci- 
nietu of Low Moor pig iron, and of wrought iron in 
various ahapes; some tested by tension and otherwise. 

Ten-inch gun of 9 feet 4 inches, weighing 85 cwt., used 
with hollow shot, shells, gru{>e, and canister shot. The 
charge of powder is 12 lbs., and reduced charges are used 
for short-range shells. When fired with a hollow shot of 
^4 lbs., and an elevation of 5^, this gun has a range of 
1.7(jO 3ruds. Mounted on a carriage (made by Messrs. 
C. A. & F. Fei^uson, Mast House, Mill Wall, London) 
«ith slide and ^purtenances, with improvements to facili- 
tate the working and training, and checking the recoil, of 
heavy guns. Thirty -two pound gun, of 6 feet, weiglung 
2u cwt., used with solid shot, shells, grape, and canister 
Hhot. The chaivee of powder vary from 2^ to 4 lbs. 
With a chai^ of 4lbs., and fired at an elevation of 5°, 
the range is 1,5(H) yards. Mounted on a similar carriage, 
fur broadside and quarter-deck purposes. 

Sugar-cane mill. Cylinders or crusliing rolls, 24 inches 
«liameter by 48 inches in length, to be driven by steam 
or water-power. Olive mill. Cylinders or crushing rolls, 
lo inches in diameter, by 20 inches in length ; to be 
driven by cattle, steam, or water {M>wer. 

Wilson's elliptograph, for drawing ellipses of any pro- 
portion from a straight line to a circle. 

8rt Ellis, Wiluam, 136 Iligh Street, hie of Wight— 

Manufacturer. 
Kitchen-range, and hot-plate over oven for roosting, 
b^iilin;;:, baking, an<l stewing, heated by one fire. Boiler 
titt*"*! to the 8HUie, for heating steiuu-kettlert, steam -closet, 
:in<i baiths. 

S7 XiCHoLBON, William Newzam, Xt'imrh-on- Trent — 

Invents )r and Manufacturer. 

A cuttxiire cookiii^-^iito, with iiiiproveiuentH, registered 
by the exhibitor, un<ler the patent <»f John Leslie, of 
L'>ndi>u. Tlie impn^venientrt clainuMl eonsi.st of a fire- 
>»rick lining, an iniprov»Ml fnnn of fire and ninge, which 
rt.tiiiii.** the fuel till all in c<>nsnni«'d, luid (*li<les in grooves 
-» that the reuuiiiw of a tiro ctui be cleared out in an 
in.'<t3int. 

A c«>ttatre chamber gnite, with rtimilju* improvements. 

C'lttage nuige for fiinn kitchens, or other lai-ge esta. 
Mi-ihrnents, with .-^imiliu* registered improvcmentd; and a 
-jirtt-iou-* oven, hot-water boiler, Htciuning clorfet, and 
w.inn clo-*et, all heatetl from a fii*e of nunlerate 8ize. 

A C"H. king gr.it*' for cottjige^ and emigrants, complete 
without -letting, with oven and cajnicious boiler, the upper 
-urf-tce fonning a hot plate or ironing stove. 

A cottagers' co<.>king-gi";ite, with oven. 

.\. i'«H)king- range for large establisliments, forming a 
c«>niplrte stove for rojisting, baking, boiling, &c. 

A irr.ito suitable for dining-rooms, cxhil>iting a new 
C'»Tn^:nati«»n of c«»loiir with steel or iron-work. 

Threi-lik'ht bnicket f«^r gas, made of iron, with a 
fir.irf** burtirr. 

Mftliiival briicket for lights ft>r a baronial hall, m;um- 
fu t'irt"«l of ip>n an<l p<»lislie(l. 

.'^iiv^imen.- of decorative wi>rk in wrought and ca.st- 
in-n ojnibined. 



*»< <"ou.iNS. John, Lromin-trr, JIi;rjunl>hirc—ln\kintor. 

M'-b-l- "f i«i»t<'rit inventions, &c.:— Stove f«»r warming 
*nd \ ♦•ntil.it inn buil«lin;;s. 

St4»\e grate for \\arming and \<'ntil:iting rooms, &o. 
Kiln for drying malt, h«»iM, and other Mubstances. 



Machine for separating the parts of hops. 
Structure for the better management of farm-yard 
manure. 

89 DcJLBT, John, Northampton — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Registered self-acting efiluvia-trap. 
Patent cooking-stove. 



90 Shavb, W. J., 74 Watling Street, Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 

Patent oven, for baking bread, pastry, meats, &c. 
Rrhibitod for economy of fuel and time. 

91 Sharp, James, Southampton— InreatoT and 

ManufBMsturer. 

Apparatus for cooking by gas a dinner for one hundred 
persons. 

[Dr. Clayton, in 1739, boiled eggs by means of gas; 
Mr. Murdoch, in 1792, boiled and fried meat by gas; 
and in 1824 a gas cooking stove was in use at the Etna 
Iron Works, near Liverpool. — S. C] 



92 Kerslare, Thobcas, Exeter — ManuffK;turer. 
Registered boiler for heating churches, mansions, 

manufactories, &c. 

93 Halstead, Charles & Sons, Chichester, Sussex — 

Manufacturers. 

Kitchen-range, with mantelpiece, combining all the 
conveniences of a close range, with a large open roasting 
fire, lai^e oven and hot plate, and good supply of hot 
water. 

94 Keene;, W., 42 Conihill, and 19 Harpttr Street, 

Bloomsbury — Inventor. 

Registered conducting leaf stove, adapted for heating 
large apartments in houses exposed to a north-eastern 
aspect. The difficulty of heating large rooms to a com- 
foi-tiiblo teuijwrature, in the dejith of winter, led to the 
invention of the stove exhibited. In an apiirtment almost 
insensible to the action of the ordinarj' fire-place, and in 
which the thermometer indiaited bu^^a feeble tendency 
to rise two houra after fire-lighting, it was aflfocted to 
the extent of 20 degrees in little more tlum as many 
minutes after lighting a fire in the leaf stove. The sen- 
sitiveness of the leaves to the diffusion of heat is so great 
that the combustion of a few shavings or a little i)!i|>er in 
the fire-place is immediately juid sensibly felt in the 
ajmrtment. Such a result, obtained not only without 
any sacrifice of, but in a«ldition to, the comfort of an 
ojHjn fire in the onlinary fire-plivco, cleai'ly demonstrates 
the value of the heat which we jHjnnit to pass up the 
chimney. By the leaf stove it is rendereil available, and 
msule to circulate in the apartment, or may be shut off at 
will. 

The conducting leaf stove is fonned of i)lates of metal 
so plitced that e;icli <»ne is a conducting leaf, a iM)rtion of 
which g«H*rt down, aw it were, into contact with the fire, 
and is exiH)sed to the direct jution of the heat. Tho 
heat thus ivceived is r.ipidly (listrilmtcHl over the whole 
siu-face of the leaf. When it is desiix'd to tiike a<lvantage 
of the heat connnunic:ite<l by conduction, it is only 
nee<lful to set the valves ojHjn, and permit the air to 
circtilate aroimd the loaves; by closing the valves, the 
circulation is snj>presse<l or mi>ililied at pleasure. The 
rapidity of the c«»ndiution of the heat pivvents the metal 
attaining a high tirmiK'nitm-e. The principle of this stove 
is to diti'us«' a large volume of air at a genial temjH?rature 
by tlu^ combicting jMnver of extensive sm-fiwes. In onli- 
naiT stoves, m:is-»«'s of metal heat small volumes of air 
to a high tt-miK'nitiire, by whirh it is rt-ndered unwhole- 
some. This stove an«l its interior construction are shown 
in the next \Kvji\ 

Th»' i»rin«i|'l»' of the crmdiuting leaves can Ih» applicil 
in a givat variety of forms, and to the construction of 



r,. M. \ 



— (iEXEHAL HAHDWAllE, 
'. :;i), & -^r, to 27 ; <>. 9. & 1', 3 t. 



ny Hizo, 6ir ln'al.iiift Tiinlibiili-, li.apitiil rrunh 
chuTchee, (ldiI jniblic hlUlilmi,v genomlly nnd ca 
kfjit K'liliin tlielimitaneeilfiil for the invnlitl hed- 
or amalliiRt aportniGnt. 

Fie. 1. 




FiBTH, TilOMA!). AVm street, 11,-lf.. 
I'nipriotor. 
ItoKuttTdd mnHol tii-L-lHix, with hntlow fin; 1i 

ii";i.i.Kithorfv 
Stfo also L liLJii 5, No. *7i, wth i-i 



witli hi 



Itii'ImtiiiK liull 



il8 BkNUAM k EuNH. 1! .. 

Osfiini iMaHtinc nuiKu with mlintiiig 

Improved Uiford riiup with iituii. t-'itl.nl nlwi with 
omoltc jiuk, will) iloiiMf niiti<i<k ui'>voiiiuiit. cli^iiiix. 
CRullv, i>iiit, iH-vf aiul iiiiitt-'U. ^.Si-v' tbviumoxoduiit.) 



KiKUDOX. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, it 25 to 27 ; (). 9, Sc T. 3 to 21>. 



003 



Alflo with hut-plate and broiling stove, with oven for 
fnutry, ftc.y to l>e heated by one fire ; moveable gridiron, 
Ike; charcoal stovea; steain-table for dishing up; hot 
clodet with folding dooni, to be heated by Htcani or hot 
water ; large oven and furnace with cloaet above ; bain- 
Marie pan for keeping gra\'ieH and sauces hot ; vegetable 
Kteaiuer and trays; steam-kettles, copper brazing-pan, fish- 
kettle, stock-pot, and stew-pans. 

Copper wann-bath, with cocks and lever handles. 

Cupper sus^iending shower-bath. Portable warm bath. 
Cottijgier^s stove. Shrapnel's new system of bell-hang- 
ing, without wires or cranks. Stove-grates. 



99 Gbrooby, T. — Producer. 

Dining-room fire-screen. 

too CoULlEB, Son, k Snowden, 10 Foster St., Bishopsgatt 
Street — Patentees and Inventors. 

Pifttent porcelain enamelled coffee- roasting cylinder, 
thickly lined inside to prevent the possibility of scorching 
or charring the coffee during roasting, and prevents the 
berry frum imbibing that metallic or vaporous flavour, so 
much complained of in coffee roasted in the ordinal^ 
uommon iron cylinders. The metal of which these 
cyiindera are compt^sed is altogether different to any 
hitherto employed for that purpose. 

The wire cylinder is used for purifying or cleansing 
coffiM that has imbibed offensive flavours during im- 
portation. It ia likewise applied for cooling coffee after 
roaatnig, by the introduction of atmospheric air; it in 
cooleil fai a few minutes, and ma}' be packed for any 
diiitanoe, without the essential oil starting from the 
berry, by what is generally knoun in the trade by the 
term awaiting. 



101 



JoUJfg 59 Omnhiit Street — Inventor, 
Ptttentee, and Manufiicturer. 

Patent fire-lMridk grate for drawing-rooms. The back, 
bottom and aidea are of fire-brick, &c., the only adniis- 
f*ion of air being in front, a more effective combtiHtion of 
the fuel is accomplished, whereby j^iv^\ter heat luiliutey 
into the room with a saving of "lO per cent, of co.-iIh. 
(.-«>kc, or wood. 

Patent fire brick dining-room or librarv grates, bed 
fi^im gnteai, labourers* cottage giiites, and oven, boiler, 
.Old steaming apparatus for cooking pur|K>seH. 

I'atent domestic ga** purifying a]ii)aratus, wheroby gioat 
sanitary and economic reriult<< are obtaine<l in the ct>ui- 
bu!<tion of gas. Patent g.is regulating upiuuntuH, to 
t^jiudiiM the flow of gas. 

Patent 2»-tubo g-.w bumei*H, with gloMS comburitioii 
( luuulwrs, graduated for given quaiititia-t of gas, whereby 
thr lar^cMt amount of light of which the gas is diiHceptible 
i.- produced without changing the burner. 



1 \ i2 Sn'ART & Smitu, Sheffield — Manufactm-ei-s. 

SjiOfiiuenii of Sylvester*? j»atent grates, exhibited for 
!»'jvelty of principle, design, suid workniaiwhip. 

I*at4.iit register grate, with a revolving canopy; on a 
new principle. 

The mantelpieces niiumf:icturc<l by Mcrie»n*. Nelson,' of 
C-^rlii*l«*, 

FeiHliTM, fire-in »ns, Ike, exhibited a*< HjKJcimens of 
design) and workniani<hip. 

Ascending and tUtsceuding air Htove.*», Huitablo for 
«.'ntrance hallrf, &c. 

Tlir>v miniatiin^ ftcam-eriirini's, in bi-a^s, complete ; 
uorki-^l lM»th by Ht«':uii Jind cl«»ck work. The Inrgerft 
»4-iu:h*i "Jj ouiice.M, the second only | of an <»unce, and the 
-ujailest J of an ounce. Miulo by W. Hiiif*t, Shetlield. 



l<,lj KvANi*, JuiKMIAII, SoN, &, Co.. .'{;'. h'tn;/ WiiUtin 
Stnrt, Lotul'tt />/i«///«^ -Manufacturers, 
Buminhe*! uttvl <lrawing-room re^i.-'ter sto\f, fcn«ler, 
.'tinl fin* imi>lemeut«< m tmitc, m«)unted with or-iuolu 
'•mamentn. 



A kitchen-iungo, with two wrought iron boilei-s (for 
steam and hot water), the hobs and fronts polished, the 
hitter fitted with IV^rlin black })annels; the biu*H tu« 
bright, vertical, and miule to o()cn after the manner of 
a giite, with two winding cheeks and trovets, made to 
work in an improved numner. 

A bi*oiling-plate, with loose ling tojw, made to cor- 
respond in style with the range. 

A steam hot-closet, with ct>p|)er shelves, with double 
doors, finished in mune stylo as range ; co2)|)er steam- 
kettles, stewx>ans, &c. 

A complete double oven, with dead sprung fronts, 
bold Q mouldings, sliding |)annel doors; also made to 
correspond with range. 

A smoke-j]Vck, with double out«ido mavemont and 
dangles, adapted to turn six spits, or more. 

A highly- finished wann-jvir stove, bhick |>olished, with 
mermaid ornaments at the comera, nshcs-grate and 
fender, adapte<l for the state cabin of a ship. 

A classic bronzed [>edestal lamp, adapted for an en- 
trance hall, with three patent Argand burners and 
gliisses. 

A bronzed trophy or shield, with bro-ss ornaments, 
sword, sword-belt, &c. 

Brass and black dogs for wood fires. 

Improved kitchener; or cooking apparatus, so ai'- 
ranged as to form either im Qven or close fii'e, with a 
large roasting oven, wi'ought iron boiler, &c. 

A black register stove, in the Elizabethan style, with 
fire-brick back, fender and fii*e furniture t4i coiTesinind. 

A dead-sprung register stove, with canopy of Italian 
bronze, lizard ornaments, bright bars, &c. 



10-i Morton, J., :i2 h'l/re Street, Shrfficld— 

Manufacturer. 
A c<ist-inm tiible, with marble ti»p, and an or-molu 
fender. Berlin tmd bronze fenders. 



105 LoNODKN & Co., .?At;^t7*/— Designers juid 

Maumfacturoi's. 

Cooking apparatiw, adapted for an opening eight feet 
wide, by five teot high, and eontviniug an open-lire rosint 
iug range, with sliding Hpit-r.icks and winding cheek ()r 
niggaixl; a WTought-iron boiler, holding thiily pill«»n>. 
prepai'ed for supplying hot water to an upi>er chaunber; 
a wrought-iron piurtrv oven, having the top made hotter 
than the bottom, thereby insuring the p:u«<try bein^ 
lighter and nioiv wholesome than in ovent* on the old 
principle; a hot hejulh, heated by the oven Hue. intended 
for boiling fish and vegetables ; three stewing ntovcrf and 
one oven, t<» l)0 heated by g;w, f(»r boiling, frying, baking, 
or roasting, which may Ik) ixv'dated at ple;u<ure In the 
gas cocks. Meiit ro.Lited in the g:u< oven is naid not t<» 
waste away in the sjune proportion as when done l>efor(? 
the fire, luid as the dripping falls ujMin a cool pan it i-* 
not bunit or <liscoltmred. but ren<len.!<l tit for culinary 
IMU-po.-*es. The two hot hearths are 8urr«»unded by cove 
jilaWrt, which iut» ho airanged iu< t-o protect the cook from 
the hejit of the open lire. 

Wann-jiir stove, heated by gjid i)laced in a wrought 
iron interior, with cheapo pi|)e at Uick, and having the 
exterior perf<>rat<jd tlu'ouglumt f«»r tin* e.-^cape of w:u'm 
air. 

SjKicimen >tair l»iiJu.-?tei> ami ne\vell.<. in vjuious htyles 
«>f ornament. 

Gallery fn»nt for entrance hill, &c., consisting <»f a 
panel in Koiujui ^tyle, Hurruiindtd with m.ili«»'/:uiy mil-* 
ami pillai"H, Tho vjiri«ni.s scroll,-* ami t'«»li.",'«' «•!" thi.s 
design are c:U'\e'l on both .-tijlcs, ami intertwiiiccl with 
tho riiling bars, in imit.itiou uf a iiatnr.il growtii, 

Perforateil pe<lr.stals l*or cncloMinLr coil.s or tuiM of 
pijK's, heiit<-<l by tho rirciil;ition of hot water, with marble 
slab at t^tp, UM'ii a^ hall t.ibles, ^c. 

l()<i .FiUk»<oN & Co.. -^f' ih'i''f Manilla* tni\'i>. 

Tat* nt. bright .-t.il liuht :in<l ht at i.lUctim.' .'to\r 
^rate. with white m:irbl'' rh!iiiii<-\ -|»ict;e, o\«>il.ii'l with 
>:ilt ornamentrt in th<- icii;ii— '.mce -t\l«- Thi- i:i.itv i" 



Clam 22,— QENEHAL HABDWABE, 
L. M. N'. 0. Irt TO M, fi: 25 TO 27 ; 0. H. & P. 3 to 20. 



combine economy with powerfi of hent- 
mg ana venmition; the refleotor ia movable upon a 
slide- binge for ventilation, biking out the ashen, and 
aweeping the cMmney. KuitJible for draniiu-rooDU, &c. 

A bumished steel regiBtcr-stove, with white marble 
chimney-piece ; tlie stove ornamented with twijited ateei 
mouldings, gilt coronet, and silver foathera, and thero is 
also a steel wib-piui fender with polished moulding, and 
omomenta simiUr to tbe stove. 

A bright patent aii-stove ; tbedeaign forming a pedeatftl. 
Suitable for entranoe halls, &o. 

Parlour coofciag-stove. The advaotngea of this grate 
consist in ito forming a ohinmej-pioce. with open fire 
registar-grate, and portable oveu for Cooking. Suitable 
for cottagM, lodging-houMB, &a. — Invented by Henry 
Lazton, architect, B Pall MoU East. 



106a Laxtoh, H., V. 

Parlour eooking-sto 



Arundel Slrret, atrand — Inventor. 



Ref^tered pyrci-pneumatic irarming and ventilating 
stove-giiiit«, suitable for the entiance-hall or staircaae of a 
nobleman's miUisioD ; the outer casing of cast iron, ground, 
polished, and browned. The interior is of prapwd fire- 
clay, moulded in various piecea. Thia atovi ' 
aentad in the following cut. 



i,iiH, S./mnjni SI. — Designer, Inventor j 
and Manufacturer. | 

Stovo-gmte, in the Elizabethan style, with Ibndar and i 
fir« -irons en taile. , 

Drawing-room Htove-gratc. in style of Louis Quatonie. • 

Chimney-piece of cast iron, enamelled in the enriche 
style of the period. Fender, in or-molu, formed of vin 
leavM, tendrils, and clusters of grapes the supports t: 
the fire-irons being branches of tbe \ ne with bunches of 
gra^ siiKpended. Fire-irona en si U of pol shed slctl 
havmg spiral st«nis, tbe pan of the shovel engraved au I 
the or-molu heads composed of line lea es and gra|}es 
This grata is represented in the illustrat on below 

Bevilled register stave grate. Bronzed fender and fire 

Elizabethan chimney-piece, of Bntish aUbaeter by 
Henry I'uoto. mnson ; and the hearth of specimens of 
British marble, tbe outer border 





INCLUDING LOCKS AND ORATES. 
. K. O. m TO 'JO. & 23 TO L>7 ; O. 0, & P. 3 t 




■ If* Carii&Riltt. n.iHi-i /,.« 


ir Il-,„-i.. ; 


<A.-^rl.l— 


MlUll■fnctll^ 






I'at-ut ao.il.ln-dii.'c I^^iK nn. 


I <>,.im1 m, 


lollilK- klli 


■raiwinKcMli. (..^er l.liwlu 


. a.'.l -pri. 


I!;1hhH.<« 


l:iIi thHMinr. BKjonel n>iml n 


rinohiiK^ kn 


iv.--. 


«Jr...Ur. rramf, Mulpit «,*«. 


Milthnn 


r »■«(.. S 


.-r-< FlittuiR-knifi.-. HBchiiie-kiii 


iff, r..r cIJi 


ttiiiK l"lm. 


l»i hin«-plane md nunM'mg i 


mil". Ki 


1,-^. .L«.,r 


..■Ve flip, with vivK- aTi.l ,],->\zn 







"iitc'hinnksrs : iiilveri>niitliii, jowt'lUim, &e.. coiiibiiiing 
onTj- vniii'tj- ••ri'hnpr, ciit, nmi diiuvnxioiw. from iiiis tn 
fiirty-HJi iiH'lii'ii in luuKth; iiH^liiiIiii); the- mncave amlcon- 
: v<-xlil(f.withcflutinii»iiHti>nth, niiil n iiilvprmiiitliH*nil>1>cr, 
^ nil iiicliiw liToul. iiii]ipciimd tii he tlic (n*pntc*t lireadtli nf 
Hiirface y vw fiit witli thi- miitiiuKni* tmrtli. 

Kj^H-citiKii'' iif liH'iiniiitivi' I'liirim?. Mid nulway-nuTiiwn, 
e;irrim^>trui:k. Iiiiri*-bni. vnii iuhI wukkhu. ImiriiiK, 
; liiiHcr, fiihlilmwHpriiiK-. with ttn'ir rmtH'ttive uti-iiw or 
! boxen. I[ii|ir.jvwl KiniiiK" fi.r Iracti.m or l>iimn);, vlliptii' 



!■•;* JnitwnN. Cjimncm.. & fn,. Cvl-i"-' 

-Stii^-U, y.rhAi>r. .-Mniiii((utiir 

M<Nlrl «f the Cycloio' Wr,rkri. 



.iil!H r,.r 



, illiu 



•■ of thp (i 



rr'<n tiili-i iit«'l: rAtnpriMnB thv mtr iriii, hliKtrr Htivl, 
•-I'nnic uul HhrMr-iilcni. in^nt rniit-Klifl, nn<l cnxtntt'cl nf 
t ^iH'tiiH kinlii. f'lr cneinetTiiv niiil iiitrhanionl iw. 

rM-rt<«l f iriHiiK ,.f liir.'o iiinHii.^ |>Liti.iiro<l. 

('arl^ytrfl Inwinicitivc |ii-tnn-r<«L' iiU'l civit. 

Av. bwnnirr. Ifml. rliiM.'!. Inp. dii'. Bhivt. jn'n i 
n.Tv. iukI ■•(Iht iiti'.'Li. 

N|.-hn(w (.f tiW niul ra>^i«i. f.rt' th.- .:«(■ nf ..n-i 
t .'.'hi■u't^ xuiirL". fiixl ru» iiuk.:.: n.>>m.-1. I'lni'. 



wrouKht- 



.ii-n of 110 Umi 



iwk. f.irhiii 



milK rr 



R|MH 



„ & (■„.. 4S A-,./"- .^ 



if Tv.iry r:irv.T»: |>liitiil finh Kirvi-n". Ri1v>' 

hniKlIc. KitviT f.-mil'<-, nitb A crank in tlii- i 
K-ilt aihl Ptchnl Mwlc. 

Ivnn,'. hihvr. nn.l j.lnti'r] tal.l.'-kliiM'^. i 
il .|«,.m. All.,-,t ,...1..™. lv-.,-y ^. 



fnrk. fUl.l PIMI.III. 
Silv.r mk.! kiiif.'. 



}-h.[ 



Ci-Aiw 22.— GRXERAI, llAUDWABE, 
L. M. N. O. IS TO 20. & 25 to 27 ; 0. 0. & I'. 3 t 



29. 




110a Bimwbek. Wm., &SoNB,S'ii7WW./— Miuiufiicturtix. 

EmigrgjiU', hciiiiuultunil, imJ guutluuiull'il tout cIliwtH. 
complBto, of vBrioua niiea. 

CBiiailulu noil HriixU wcd^ axtrx. AciiorictUi fuid Auk- 
baliau fi^lliiig, iiidiiifi, and squaring &<teH. 

KiunnierB, for nuiuiu inirpoees. Axoii, luvtcheta, Ulil 
BtODo-|iicka. Cutipuni' Hliu-p uid nail wlie, IidwhU, frov, 
luiil diivor. Cnrpentent' and whvclon' lulio. Su)^- 
cli»ppera. Briglit cho|i[ier8. 

CluavurK, withironluuidU; AmoricoD cluavnr; mmcbig 
knives; imd cheese kiiivva. 

FnnueTH'cbiwUiilidgotiRDe, in cn»t-iitCL'[. Millwright*' 
vliiiiels and gouges. Turning chisel* luiil Ku«l(t«' Socket 
uliifKli and gouges. Mortice chiaela. PluiS'iruns; pluugh 
bits; and muidditig-irona. 

Sponucm, single luid duubla-«ndod improvod ihifting 
■wrew-kc^TB. Ciiuch wri'iiuhoi. 

Iinproveil cylinder iuhI bust iloublu milway wreuches. 

Horuw Btocks and lUvn, with tagicr aiid plu): bois. 

Hocket brace; screw iilatoa; Hpring luvidura; and 
uallipers. 

Variuus compasses, pincers, Dipjieni, punches, and 
[ilyen, for different puriiuHes. 

Pinking imns; aheep-markeni; patent Hnw netit; stenk 
tungs; fledi foriu; ciuulle uiuffcn; and iiutcmckii. 

Oatden touln <if cvory duM'riiitioii ; |iruiiiiiK nhcnm; 
(fTApo galben>rH: nvaruncoters; pniniiig neiaton; vino 
M'issorsi anc] fluHor gntlwrcTM. 

it of table cutleiy. 



112 Makin, WilUaN, AlftrtUjIt Sle-.'l 1VVfa>, iM>r 
H.ie^tlii — UaDU&ctuTdT. 

I'lijier-mtll mg-eiigine, with roller-ban and bottmn 
plutus, maile of the best cast-st«el; it is Intonded la be 
uHed fur grincling ropee, rags, aa<l other materials iota 
Che pulp, empluyed iu tbu uinuufaeture of p^>ar. 

[ItngH, rope, 8lc., or the materials of wliioh iaper u 
uuulu, must bu reduced to a state of pulp; to accomplish 
tbii) tbuj'ti hu^ been uumy mode* devised, but that in 
whicb the lulk'r-ban aud buttuui platee ore used, is aaid 
tu be the beat. Tbc iiitentiuu uf the n)ller-b«r, iti the 
<irat place, is tu asxiat in washing the rags, and aeooftdly, 
when brought to a noiiror coDDsnon with tha bottom- 
pliitos, which is plactil at the l>uttnDi of the cirtem, to 
break the fibren, which ore then jsansd away in a filuiy 
Htato. Tho water being duwiputoil, the minute fibres ars 
ilejBiaiteJ un n surface ur cylinder, und after nndergoiiig 



t pre 



, &c., 



cntually beoomv psfwr 



Plates of cast-steel, polished on both sidea. 

Knives for ro[ic and rag-cutting machiiMs; horiiontal 
cultci^: doctor blades for pa[«r machine rolls; circular 
ciittunt aud slitten ; croesciitting, bench, and reel knives ; 
rupe luid mgaxes, and ctia|i[iera uf various patterns. 

Tiiliacco-knivcs ; snuff-knivea; Millet's raSned caat-ateel 
cliisuU and picks ; jupcr mnkers' rag-sorting knives, tu:. 

SiuupleH uf blister, Imr, shear, end cast^teel, uaed in 
tile various branches of ttie manufoetnres of SheSekL 

Siunple^ r>f cast-stei'l, used in the manu&cture of wira 

for needle", hackle-pins, Sec., also by er " * '~ 

makers, and iroufounders. 



1 l.'J Spear & Jackson, SiicffiM — Unnufiwturera. 

CoHt-Btei'lciTcularsaw, Ij feet diameter, machine grmutd 
luid iiuliHh«l. These saws are toothed with a dividing 
engine which renders them regnlor ou the edge, and are 
);ruimtl niul ]>uli«bed by a now machine. 

Hpuciuieu of n spring steel handsaw, 30 inches long, 
with puliiilied bUde, and French polished ebony handle. 



I<nli»lwil blades, French [loliBhed hondlesof varioos kinds 
of wiHid, ukI Qemiau silver, brass, or polished iivn 
screwK; mill-sawi, piteuws, cnnHcut saws, segment, aad 
other kindH Huitablc for the home aud foreign markets. 

Ledger blades and siiiml cutters for snearing cluth; 
sheep slitting kuivcs, luiy aud straw knives; tanners uml 
cunierH' kuiven; nud ]>a]>er knives. F^les ami rssps. 

Specimen «f on American woilge axe, with solid stevl 
eilge, anil French jHilislied ruecwoiHl liandle. 

t^ige tuulK, including axes, adzes, augets, mill chisels, 
car|ioiiters* ehisela and gouges, and tools used by bi 
joiners, cttri>ent«r», sliipwrights, coopers. Ac. 



IU 



FlSMNEV, FRI 



., Sirgiild—iii 



Jkcturer. 
idiug apecimans of the 



Knnirs of different quulitii . 
bcHt work iu carving, grinding, and 
]]Utt4jni and design. 

Mother-of-iieort show-rnziir, the bhule emboncil with 
scroll omimieiits and SheHieti) anus ; swell and set in 
niver: the work nu tho bhule «wi cut by the grindstone. 

Sliecimun, showiug tho different atsgea of the manu- 
facture of the btiule, all cniitiuned in one solid pieoe of 
out-stoel, with carved uiother-uf-|i«arl handle. 

115 Cocker, Sandei., &Sos, rAePDrffrStnllfWi*, 
SieJIiM- Mauufacturan. 
Steel suitid>1e for all puri»»H<s, fti>m on»«ixteetlt)i of an 
inch and larger. CaHt-Hteel liles, of wartantail quality, 
from 1 iueli to 40 iuehes lung, fur meclianiciJ porpoae*, 
watuh and dock iUAkun>. ileiitislo, &c. A lai^ uct^iwal 
file, displayhig on its surface ^ii' ' 

general iwe; also a 1>ur uf ste^'l. 



KoroDOif.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



(507 



of file manufacture from the ingot of steel to the 
finnbed file. Circular machine files for sharpening saws. 
Registflrad circular file or cutter, for filing plane siufaces, 
to be attached to machine-power, suitable for filing brass, 
steel, iron, irory, Ac. Cast-steel wire of every descrip- 
tion, from the hairnipring to liL-inoh diameter, being the 
l arg ea t mm erer drawn. Needles, in their various stages 
of manuiiMsturei from the bar iron, as imported from 
Sweden, to the finished needle. Sundry specimens of 
haddes and gills, wool-combers' broaches, edge tools, 
■awa, mill-pickB, and chisels. Wire-drawing plates, of a 
r^n^lit'' qvudity of steel, made only by the exhibitors ; 
and a Tanety of other articles. 

116 HiaomBJLYXi, William, & Co., Sheffield— 

Hanufacturers. 

Coromandel-wood case, lined with crimson silk velvet, 
contamini^ 12 table-knives, 12 dessert knives, and 1 pair 
of carran — all with carved ivory handles, of three various 
dfjgm, silver fermles, and highly-polished steel blades. 
• Table-knives, with ivory huuues and silver ferrules, 
intended for general use. 

TaUa-knives, with fimey wood handles, made for the 
North American mai^et. 

Roimd-of-beef carvers, with stag-horn handles, silver 
caps and ferrules, and highly-polished steel blades. 

Game carvers, with carved ivory handles, silver ferrules, 
and similar blades. 

Bread knife, with carved ivory-handles, silver ferrule, 
and hig^y-polished steel blade. 



117 Tctuteb, Thoxas, & Co., Suffolk Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Fur of Albert venison carvers, 6 feet long, with stag 
antlers. 

Botmd-of-beef slioers, 30 inches long, and trowelled 
stag-alicers. 

Owes of carved ivory table cutlery, also of ivory and 
pearl aflver desserts. 

Table cutlery and plated on steel desserts. 

A variety of carvers, steels, vegetable-forks, cheese 
sc<>o{js, butchers' knives, palette knives, glaziers' knives, 
cooki' knives, &c. 

The IVince of Wales's sailor's knife, 6 feet long. Gar- 
deners' cutlery and HiH)rt«inen*rt knives. 

The Cambrian razor, with a view of the " Suffolk 
Wi.rk.-*." Sheffield, engraved on the ivory haft; and pat- 
t«-mji of razors. 

.^[-jrtxnicn's knives in pearl, &c. Various pattema of 
porkH and penknives. 

Stone-saw, used for cutting Bath and other frecHtone. 
Circular, hand, and back-saws, &c. 

Card of files, such as are in general use. 



1 18 Alcob, J., 10r» ?:M>jn Street, Sheffield— 

Mimnfjicturer. 

Knives for shocmakcrM, clickers, and curriers ; shoe- 
makers' and American peg-knives ; farrierti' and German 
aaihUers' knives ; German shoe -knife. 

Joiners' ami cabinet-makers' blades. 

Khftemakers' and curriers' steels. 

Sad<Uer«' half-moon knife ; Uiis^ian shoemakers' knives. 

Knives for coopers, painttrs, and glaziers. 

Pltmibers' i«liave hook. ButcherH' knives. 

Bread knife ; Newfoundland fisliknives. 

Basketmakers' knives and iKnlkins. 

Cooks* knives* ; palette knives. Butchers' steel. 



111» Pab&in & Marshall, Teleijntph Wurhf, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Talkie and dessert knives, with carvers, fluted pearl 
handles, rilver femileH, and polished blades. 

PUi-carvenf ! vnth the blade in open work omamenteil 
with a pp rtipriate emblems, and forks to correspond. 

Case Affijih -carvers: with sliark design. 

Fnr of malon-canrers, with blade of new design, and 
Anted pearl hamlles. 



Trays of plated-on-steel desserts, in carved pearl handles 
with silver ferrules, with the blades chased and orna- 
mented. 

Tray of plated desserts, with fluted ivory handles, and 
silver ferrules. 

An assortment of bread knives, with carved handles in 
ivory and wood. 

Large slioers. Trowel hand slicers. A varied assort- 
ment of table-knives, carvers, &c. 

1 20 Ellin, T., & Co., 5A<r/?fe/</— Manufacturers. 
Shoemakers' knives, with common and rosewood handles, 

in various sizes. 

Glaziers* knives, with cocoa handles. Painters' stop- 
ping-knife, with ebony handles. Oyster knives. Farriers* 
paring knife. 

Table knife, with ox-bone handle,.and "common point," 
being the shape used fifty years ago. 

The origmal "Sheffield Whittle." Oyster knife. Bil- 
lingsgate pattern. Leather-cutter's knifs, with wooden 
handle. Root knife, with cocoa handle. 

Carving-knife and fork, self-horn handles. Carving 
knives ; bread, spear and cut-point knives ; of various 
sizes, and handles of different kinds. 

Table knives and forks, with mother-of-pearl, ivory, 
ebony, horn, cocoa, and bone handles. ^ 

Steels, with black horn, stag, self, and ivory handles. 

Cork and pallet knives. Butchers' steels and knives. 

Office knives, with cocoa and ivory handles. 

Round-of-beef slicers, with buck, stag, and horn handle!. 

Carving-knife, 24-inch blade; with strong horn handle. 

121 Oliver, Wm., 5A<fi?fe/<^—Manufecturer. 

Case of cutlery, consisting of forty pieces of miniature 
cutlery, from 3-8ths of an inch to 4 inches: the smallest 
pair will go through an ordinary tobacco-pipe. Silver 
pistol. 

Handle table-knives, as manufactured in 1800, green 
ivory, round point; handle table-knives, as manufiictured 
in 1750. Venison-carvers, and steel, set in elephants' 
tusks of miniature size. Jones's patent game-carvera, and 
steel, set in fawn's feet, mounted in silver. 

122 Wilkinson, William, & Son, Grinwsthorpe, 

Sheffield— Manufacturers. 
Sheep and horse shears. 
Shears for glovers, thatchers, and weavers. 

123 Gilbert Brothers, -S'/j^^VA/— Manufacturers. 
A variety of sujwrior razors. 

124 Steer & Webster, C^istle Hill Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturei-s. 

Gold and silver scissors; surgeons* scissors; and a 
variety of scissors in general use. 

Tailors* shears ; cai*cs holding scissors. 

Nippers (champagne and nail). 

Horticultural tools, such as garden and slide pruning- 
shears. 

125 WosTENHOl^, G., WfishifUftofi Worhs, Slieffield-^ 

Manufacturer. 
A variety of cutlery. 

120 Whitei.ey, Elizabeth, 12 Xonnrh Street, 
Sheffield Park — Mimufacturer. 
Fine cast-steel scissors. 



127 



Shearer, JrniN, Kldm Street, Slirffi<id 
Manufacturer. 
Shears, polishe<l and l>n»nzo<l, viz., sheep, of now Aus- 
tralian, Leicester Tomlins, and midland county i»attems; 
h«»rso, Newmarket best; glove, f(»r the trade; and wea- 
vers', for the home and American markets. 
Weaver's knife and nipper, and single nii)per. 

[The latter are used by weavers for removing, joining, 
clipping, and picking out ends, &c., which arise by 



r22.] 



[OrnriAi. Ili.tttuated CATALocrE.] 



3 A 



CuH 22.— GENERAL HAItDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 2! 



■breaking- or joining of thrends in tLe procass of woaring. 
— W. C. A.] 

Puir of bmi polished f^t trowel -ghank sheep-Bheara. in 
miniature; havinf; nithin the ahuikB boxeH which cou- 
tiUD BeveD nrticleit each, tuiniktures of trowel -shonke, 
three pairs, imd other kinds of eheep-BheOTB, one pair 
each of wearers' aheiirB, burliog-iron, knife-nippur, and 
eingle picker ; there ore alio four nrticlea ooDtained in the 
'bockii, luiniiLturee of diSerent patterns of xheep-ahean. 
two in each back ; yet the weight ot the whole combined 
does not exceed 17i ounooe. 

128 Mabpi^s, Robert, ,?/K-^c-fLl—Manufiict» 

Centre-bit, 9-incb. Beet plated square, 24'irich. Sot 
of fort; 

S-inch. 

Beat London pattern turnscrews, ebony, and ovat 
liandle, 5 inches each. Qentteman's tumscrew. Ira- 
froved sliding T bevil. Best pUted square, 3-lnch. Beet 
ebony naw-pml ; sinoU boiwood saw-pad. 

Best handled saw-set. Best plnted spirit-level, H-incb. 
Beet Borew-ulide mortica-gaiige. Saw and frame. Plated 
and ebony, ebony circular. London patlem, boxwood, 
nnd best screwed and plated BpokesbBves. 

Improved plated brace, boiwood. Kegistered Belf- 



129 Tavlob, HE.SKT. 105 FUztrilliiini St>wl, S*<#.-H— 

Manufscturer. 

TooU for engrsTera, carrers, and print -cutters. Bur- 
liishers nnd screen. 

Hand-drawn iteeL FWicy turning and plaBterers' 
tnoulding tools. Soil -uuiJcera' needles. Sculptors' chisela. 
Screff-tools, Sticking-knife. 

130 Hourea, C„ 90 Wellinijiim ftrccl, ShrffirUi— 

Designer and Manu&cturer. 
Specimena of table knives. 
H«w leistered bolster. 

I30i BujOXEBft Phiupm, ABxTt Works, S/ieficlJ— 

Vudoiis brece-bit«. Ringswood brace, wttb new ever 
thumb-bit. The simplicity of the spring prevents it from 
being injured in any part. 

Ebouy brace, with lever thumb-bit. Chisels and 
eouges. Bright brace screw-bits. Double C S plane 
iron. CS gentleman's drawing-knife. Squares. Best 
Square, 30 inches. Two each shell and screw. Im- 
proved sliding bevil, € inchee. Spirit levels. Ebony 
ejid kingswood spokoahaves. Ebony platoil upokeehave. 
Plough bit. 

tSl Hardv, RoBKRT E.. B-inAoH Strtel, .'^fgi,'lil— 
Manufacturer. 
Carved bread and plated dessert knives. 
Nut-picks and instrumentB for Indien' work. 
BoxM and gentlemen's dressing cases. 

132 MabtIh, ftTEFHEH, 29 Xoi-foi* Plrrct, Shtffleld— 
Manufacturer. 
Specimens of rarious kinds of razors, manufactured 
from ShefBeld steel, in a variety of handles, vie., pearl, 
t^rtoiaeshell, ivory, bone, horn, hoof, &c., plain and 
ornamented, from one to sets of ee^-en, on cards, and in 



133 NBWfloULD & Owen, SifppH— Manu&cturers. 
Bampln of beat steel polished goods, including r 



1 33a Newdodlo & BAnJ»N, Surrey Wvlo, Sitfft^d-^ 
Manufoctumn. 
Specimens of Roberts' patent table-eotlery. The blade* 
are fastened by means of a dovetail, withont cemcmt, aud 

cannot be injured by hot water. 

SpecimeOH of registered ivory.handled table-knivea. 
The tangs are made square, and nicely fitted into the 
bftndlBB, without cement, and riveted through at the 
extremity. 

Specimens of table-hnivea with silver handles. 

134 Winks, Bknjahtm, & Sons, Sltcffiekt— 

Monu tocturera. 
Snmploi of raxors and table-knives. 
Samples of two and four man in oases. 

135 Hawchoft, Wili.um, h. Sons, Sugield— 

Manufaeturers. 

Razors, with ivoij', pMri, aad tortoiBeahell iijuidic*. 

Cases of raiors, ArtklWt JPastratiTe of the jiroaja of 
mnnufiictura. . .,. 

Large ahow-raaor, eiwMtMwd vHh the fiKurea <>t 
Peace and Plenty, and 1^ Boysl, ShoOIsId, and Cntloir 

136 Jones, Jom 

Improved dinner- 
blade, the whole len, 

RuBt-preventive o 
tnble-kiiivcs, fire-iron 

Sjiecimens of steel 
open air for si i days i 
been protected with th' 



137 NIC 



i, Wuj 



Knives with curved pn 
and double-blade peaknii 
knivea. Whamcliffe, 1 
American cotton -knives, 
knives, &c. 

138 JoUBSEVMES FlLE-l 

Prod 

Files and raspe of vorioui 
mechanics, engmoere, Bta. 

Large file, 54 inches lol 
manner in which files are ( 
various forms of light and sh 
by Himin Younge, of Sheffiol 

[File-making is a mana&ot 
measure confined to Sheffield 
no macluns baa been eonsb 

files which rival those out by . . . ^ 

made files have not the " bile li' >■ iJ atllaib«n: 
tlua is accounted for by tht. peeuuar lacgBtht of the 
human wrist to accomtnodate itself to Um putioular angle 
suitable t» produce the proper "aut." "ftnall flits ara 
made out of best cast-staeli thoas Ot a Isiser aias frvm 
ordinary steel ; flat files ore forged on an ordinary ctody. 
Other forms on bolsters, with the indentature correi^iood- 
ing to the shape required being thereon impreawd, a 
chisel wider than the blank to be out is used as the only 
instrument to form the teeth: it is moved by the hand 
with (he greatest nicety. Aflsf Cutting, and previous to 
hardening, the file is immeraed in some ailhenve sub- 
stance, such as ale-groimds, in wbioh salt has been dis- 
solved : this protects the teeth from the direct action of 
the fire; it is then itomersad paipendiouUrly in mtsr; 
cleansed by finishing." — W. C. A.] 



KimiDOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, t& 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



609 



139 HAiriH & BmoTHEBS, Sheffield and London — 

MannfacturerB. 

8portiman*a knife, in pefirl, gold-mounted. Exhibited 
for worknuunhip. Spinrtamen's hunting, angling, and 
piiiiol kniTea. American hunting and dagger knivea. 
Whamcliflb, Norfolk, Rutland, Richmond, Eglinton, and 
Yemen kniyes. Ladiea* and gentlemen's pen and pocket 
kuTea of erery variety. Machines for making pens, 
adsDted to every style of writing, (hardeners' pruning, 
l^miBg; and buddixig knives. Paper-folding kmves. 

Fish canrersy in silver, plated, and eleotro-gilt, designed 
■Iter the ItaUan and Grecian styles of ornament. 

Silver, pearl, and ivory handled dessert-knives and 
forks, wHh silver and plated blades, chased. 

Table cutlery, with handles of silver, ivory, plated, 
German-diver, self-tip, black tip, bone, stag, porcelain, 
Hid wood. Carving and slicing knives and forks. 

Knife-aharpening instruments, cheese-scoops, palette- 
knives, oodbr and butter knives. 

Osrved-wood bread platters, with suitable designs and 
mottoes. 

Bread knives, with carved and fluted ivory and wood 
handles. 

Specimens of the registered lancet-edge razor: exhibited 
for keen and durable edge. Specimens of the army and 
navy razor. 

Old English, concave, guard, and Indian steel razors, 
and seven -day razors in cases. 

Hair, nail, and cutting-out scissors, paper-lamp, prun- 
ing, and horse scissors; also, scissors for drapers, tiolors, 
&c Ladies' fiEuicy-work scissors. 

140 HooLE, RoBSON, & HooLE, Green Lane Works, 

Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

Bright reffister-etoves, with burnished steel and or- 
molu mouldmgs; the same, fitted with a porcelain and 
bright hearth-plate, forming a fender. 

Cast-iron register-stove and mantelpiece, with or-molu 
mountings; the iron left in its natural state, and secured 
from rust. 

Bright register-stove, with or-molu, hollow, and bronzed 
r.m;unt*ut-rt. 

Bumi.-'he^l »t4)el regi«ter-8tove, with figiires and or-molu 
rnoimtingH. Register-stove in cast-iron; the same stoves 
.vcf^rding t^> Stephens* patent. 

BiirDiisJie*! stoel register stove, with or-inolu spandrilB 
antl TiiouldingH. 

Brurht rep^iister-stove and chimney-piece, with or-molu 
uiountings arid ca^t-iron Bjiandrils, as taken from the 
wiD<l. V;ut secured from nwt. 

Bright regi«tcr-«tove, with utamped burnished steel 
onvuuents. Roister stoves with porcelain cheeks. 

rairt-iron raster-stove, invented and registered by 
John Fin lay, Buchanan Street, Glasgow, for curing smoky 
chiraueys, and economising the consumption of fuel. 

Black register-stove in cast-iron. Ornamental hot-air 
p«-<lestal stove. 

Burnished steel fenders, with metal and or-niolu 
mountinm. Bronzed fender, with steel mountings. Deiul 
or sprung steel fenders, with stamped burnished steel 
ornaments. Bronzed, black, and cast-iron fenders. 

Specimens of ornamental castings. 

142 Clayton, Oeorce, 5 Taa-c Street, Sheffield — 

Manufiicturer. 

Specimens of table cutlery in black tip, self-tip, white 
l»one, German silver, ivory, and plated on steel in ivory 
a&d pearl handles. 

A large bread-knife. 

143 Baoihaw, William, 37 SpHmj Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Assortment of fine penknives. 

1 44 Bame, Henry, l.ow Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Collection of pocketknive-M, of various styles, with onia- 
meotal handles in ivory, pearl, stag, &c. 
American htmtingkuives, &c. 



145 Brioos, S., 186 Solly Street, Sheffield — 

Manuf^urer. 

Shoemakers' awls and tacks, for basket, mattress, and 
st^makers ; sacking and saddlers' needles, &o. 

Bookbinders' or printers' bodkins. 

Joiners' improved brad-awls and punches ; cabinet- 
makers* improved awls. 

Centre and other punches. Shoemakers' pegging awls, 
feathered ; birdcage-makers' and various other awls. 

Packing-needles, polished. 

Gentlemen's portable hand-pad, complete with bits. 

Shoemakers* awl-blades, blued; improved, or French 
pattern ; French, or 4-square ; Liverpool, or flat points ; 
portable, and in self-tip handle, complete with awb. 

Curriers' steels, handled. 

Nut-picker, ivory-handled, round rim, and self-tip, 
plain. 

American socket-vice, improved for pegged boots and 
shoes. 



146 



Hardy, T., 9 Jfoor^ Street, Sheffield-^ 
Manufacturer. 



Stilettoes, crochet-needles, button hooks, nail files, 
corkscrews, tweezers, boot hooks, &c., in pearl, ivory, 
tortoiseshell, stag, polished steel handles, for fitting up 
ladies* work-boxes, companions, gentlemen's dressing 
cases, &c. 

147 Sellers, John, iSi^«r^/(^— Manufacturer. 

Razors, and cases of razors. Fine penknives. Wham- 
clifle and Congress knives. 

Pocket and sportsmen's knives, including " The Hare- 
wood knife," "Norfolk knife," "Rutland knife," "Walton 
fishing-knife," " Wilkinson knife," &c. 

Surgeons' cutting instruments. Tools for the use of 
engravers on steel and copper. Pen-making machines. 

Steel plate for the use of engravers, machine-ruled, by 
C. Mottram, Esq., of London. The sky tint upon this 
plate is perhaps the most severe test to which a steel plate 
can be subjected ; the surface is free from spots or seams ; 
and it is exhibited to show that steel is well adapted to 
the wants of the etcher and engraver. 

I*roof impression from the plate on India paper. 

[An entire change in engra\'ing has taken place by the 
substitution of steel for copper plates. An engra\'ing 
made ujKDn coi>per is speedily rendered useless by the 
process of inking, and the friction necessiiry to remove 
the superfluous ink. The rubbing with whitening to 
clean the face of the plate, wears away the surface, and 
renders it valueless after a few thousand impressions. 
This is not the case with a steel plate; an instance is on 
rcconl where 500,000 copies were printed from one plate. 

The Queen's head on the postage stamp has been only 
once engraved. It had, in 1842, been multiplied 6,000 
times, that is to say, the original produced 6,000 plates, 
which printed all the postivge stamps of the above kind 
which ha^l Ijcen used since the introduction of Rowland 
Hill's measure up to the period stated. 

The multiplication of a steel plate is a feature of some 
iraporijmce : a plate is engraved and hardened ; from this 
an impression is taken upon a softened steel roller; this 
steel roller is then hanlened, and softened steel jilates 
being pjused under it, an impression is imparted to them; 
they are in turn hardene<l, and are equal to the original 
as to their impressions. This method is a<lopte<l in bauk- 
note engraving; and the postjige-stamp plates are pro- 
duced by the same means. — W. C. A.] 



149 NowiLL, John. & Sons, .S7ir#t A/— Manufacturers. 

Assortment of knives for the Levant trade. 
A.-^Mrntmcnt of cutlery, comprising ladies" and gentle- 
ineuH i>eu ami r>«»ck<'t knives. 

* :> A : 



CUB8 22.— GENERAL HABDWABE, 
L, M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 8 TO 21 



it mouDtod io gold and silver. 
Fu[ier faldiDg-kiiivHS. Sjwrtiug-kDiveB. 
Indiaa huuting-kiiives. t^vor fruit-knivce. 
Case of carved pearl plated douert knives and forks. 
Nuil kuivflB and nail files, sittings for gentlemen's 
•dceaaa^-aaiiii, ladlee' companiooB, &o. 

German ^Hulking knives. Peu-nmchine knives. Peocil- 

QluQers' ivoiy diamond -holders, registered hj W. 

Solid ivory handle, oontalning pencil and penboldar, 
Vith silver cigtir-holder, toothpick, and noil -cleaner, 
g-blode and nul-file, and four pen-blades, put toge- 



ther 



<itliou 



Solid! 
bolder. 

CornmBiidel-nood esses of ladies' and gontlemen'a toilet 

Caae containiDg silver dessert knife, fork, and Hpoon. 
CassB containing two, three, four, ajid ncven nuora 

Assortment of roforu in ivorj, pearl, and tortoidOBhell 

Pair of razors in pearl biuul!«i, framed with silver, and 
the cutlers' arms carved in relief ou Che bandies. 



1 50 ABMlTiOB, M. & H., .VopimA/J« fbrije, near She^tld 
— Mnn ufocturers. 

Engiueen', coaehfiuiiths', and boilennnkera^ anvilx. 
Double piked BEuithH' anvil. Double arched jobbing 
nnvil. SiLwamitha' aux41. Pattern anvils. 

Set of grinders' Bcrews and plat«s. Smiths' vice. Pattern 



luiths' V 



imiths' V 



Lorgo 

Sledge hammer. Smiths' hand huiuutar. Cros« and 
Htraight poaled band hammerB. 

EnRinoera' and millHTightfl' hammerB, different kinds. 
Joineni' claw bonuuer. Moaona' toala of different 



151 



Eluiot, J., To-ra/ienil Street, Sheffield— 



mfocl 



Fatten) rozora, manufactured uftbs best steel, exbibit«d 
fur temper. desigD. an<i workmanship. 

Frame-back razor, gromid oiceedioglf Chin, and cannot 
retjuire to be a^in ground, tbuH retaining a fine aud 
(tumble edge, and increasing greatly the eone of shaving. 
The gold, silver, ateel, Oerman -silver, or brass bncks, 
Form on elegant contrast to the blade, and enhance the 
beauty of appeonuico as well as afford more opportunity 
Car origiuality of deaigu and skill in eiecutioa. 

Poarl-taug razor, couatntctod to prevent ni»t. 

Razors with hollow-ground bUdee oro especially de- 
aignod forbarbers' use. These do oot rei]uire to be again 
ground, ou account of their eitnimo thinness. 

[Two woHLRien ore always engaged in lazor-making. 
The rod of stool of which they are made is about half an 
inch in breadth, and of suSlcient thickness to form the 
back. The stake upon which they ore forged is rounded 
on both sides of the top, which is instrumeutal in thin- 
ning the edge, and much facihtates the operation of 
grinding. The blades are then hardened and tempered 
in the ordinary way, with tbe exception, that they are 
placed on their bock on an iron plate, and the moment 
they assume a straw colour of a deep abode thej are re- 

The grinding follows, on a stone revolving in water; 
then glueing nn a wooden disc. Tbe fine polish is given 
by a wooden wheel, having ita circumference covered 
with buff leather, which is covered with crociu. The 
ornamentation of the bhide, by etching with add, and 
gilding, if such is required, is the lost process. — W. C.A.] 

Scolea with re^«t«ring dial. 



I,'i4 Webbtkb, Qbobob. Hovwd Street, ShfguU— 
Houufacturer. 
HoEora Gihibited for quality and workmanship. 
Kogistorod double-edged raaor. 



155 Ledoeb, C, S3 Ctirter Strert, 5Vj|t((d— lorentor 
and Manufacturer. 

TariouB iBzors, including gLiK»d and polished tanged; 
curiosity rasor, tiiuts backwuds, and when shut tbe blade 
id eutirely encased; black and ivory-handled portable*; 
biack-bondled full sized concave and "long cut;" ivory- 
handled concave "fiat tang" and "long cut;" ivory- 
handled taetefully ground fancy concave and "I ' " 

Table-knives "bolster" balanced: block tip 

silver plated bandied "half Waterloo," wltli __ 

fluted uew pattern "bolster" bolonced; ivory-baodlecl 
"flat top hollow" table-knivea; "oval bolster" and 
" Waterloo bolster" bolunced; aalf-tip and ivory-handled, 
w-ith " half Waterloo" double thread hollow " monlded" 
new pattern "bolster;" black tip-handled, with eight 
square tour threaded new pattern "bolster" balmced; 
self-tip and ivory-handled, with liatf Waterloo flat to|) 
fluted new pattern bolster; ailver-ploted dessert biives, 
with regist^^d emblematical daiigo handle, and chastal 
blades; pasrl-bandled plated denerl knife, with em- 
blenjatical ferrule. 

[By " balanced " ia meant the handle counter-balanc- 
ing tbe blade, thereby lifting it up frooi the table. — ■ 
W. C. A.l 



156 Ellis, I.,188 Wrsl Steeet, Ghmp Boad, Sheffield 
— Manufacturer. 
Card of razors, manuAwtured from the best ateeL 
Table knives ; butoheis', pullet, putty, and stopping 



157 DkUUm, a., 83 Arvidfl Street, Sheffield— ^asfoAoT 

and tianufacturer. 

Soisaora of various pttems, with bent bladee and 

hiindles, intended for clipping horses, with gutta perehu 

covering the bon-s, whereby they ore not liable to gall ; 

scissors with bows covered with leather; and without 

covering. 
HoiBe-clippiug and trimming scissors, havingtha bowa 

covered with on elastic composition, to save the hand. 

Scissors with the bows and bandies covered with ths 

claxtto compoutiou. 

Elastic raeUllic combs, of difFerent pattema and kinds, 

used in clipping and trimming hoises. 
I.AQips for singeing horses, after clipping- 
Tailors' shears, poaseasing power ia cutting, ease tor 

tbe bond, and dunwility. Farmed or wrought solid. 



1 58 SlaQO, Herbebt Wbst, Ford, near Chetterfeld, 

l)tri>!isKirt — Deeigner and Manufacturer. 
Reding books, sicklce, and scythes for cutting OWr 

1. For the n „ 
shire, Dorchester. Barks, and Bucks. 
Salop. 3. Staffordshire and Cheshire. 4. tale of Wisht. 
5. North of England. 6. Sussex, Surrey, and the Unit«il 
States. 7. Berks, Bucks, Kent, Surrey, Hants, and 
Canada. 8. Lincolnshire, Norfolk, and Cambrtdgeehin. 
9. Indies and America, for cutting indigo. 10. Cornwall. 
Querns^, and Jersey. 11. Norfolk, Lincolnshira, and 
Combridgeehire. 12, Scotland. 13. Cutting gwdaa- 
hedges. 14. Sussex and Surrey. 15. Yorluhira and 
North of England, le. Indies. IT. Cutting baana. 
IS. Thatcher's kmfe. IS. Spun. 10. YoA^ira and 
North of England. 21. Leiceetonbire, NoTthampton- 
shire, WorcesterahiiB, Notts. Berka, and Bucks. J3. Staf- 
fordshire, Worceeteiahire, Wsrwickahire, and Canada. 
23. Ireland. South. 24. Ireland, North. S5. Hertfanl- 
ahira, Cambridgeahiro, Cheshire, and Beds. 36. Bada 
and Uerifordalure. 27. Australia. 3S. Kant. 39. Pu- 
hmd. 30. Bussio. 31. UoUond and theCma of Good 
Hope. 32, Dnitad StatM. '* " ..... 



KnrGOOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 8 to 29, 



611 



35. CattiBg and oleaning hedges. , 36. Ftttent Boythe. 
37. Crown, or hammered. 

TIm noTelty is in the formation, easy and improved 
handles, siiitM>le grinding, and the general completion. 
Tkm regaling and hagging hooks are made of cast-steel. 



159 Vswa & RoGBBS, JHockingham Works, 124 
Hockmgham St., Sheffield — Manufitcturers. 
Bowie knires, American and Indian hunting knives. 
Lode, sneck, dagger, or dirk knives, suitable for the 
CootineDt and South America. Pistol knives, in a variety 
of handlea, wiUi single and double barrels. 

PaDcil knives, of registered patterns, and various other 
kia^ with peari, tortoise-shell, and other handles. Cigar 
knives, of registered and other patterns. Sportsman's 
knives in great variebr. Desk knives, with folders and 
bUes. Comb knives, with pencil, six-inch rule, 
ler articles. 
Kmie, foiky and spoon knives, in cases and rolls. 
with vine, pruners, saws, bud<Ung blades. 



Ac. 

Fan-machine knives of all kinds. Scissor knives of 
various scnrts. Fly-open knives, with and without guards. 
Sailon^ kntvaa, with copper swivels. Pen and pocket 



of fine quality in mother-of-pearl, tortoise-shell, 

iTOfT, and other handles. Lancets and farriers' knives. 

Fleams for bleeding cattle; various blades in brass and 
other handles. 

Nail files, button hooks, and various fancy articles, 
for ladie^ companions and gentlemen's dressing-cases. 

160 Mabemtt ft Athnson, Fitzalan Works, 

Sheffield — ^Manufacturers. 



1 to 65. Various files and 
rasps, of different sizes, 
and for a variety of pur- 



66 and 67. Steel moulds 
for files. 

68 Forged blank for file. 

*;9 Forged blank for file, 
lighted. 

7u Groomed bLmk for 
file. 

71 Cut file. 

Ti Finished file. 

73 Bsr iron. 

74 Bsr or blister steel. 
7r> (.'ast-Rteel ingot. 

7*> Rolled bar steel, fur 
coach KpriogH. 

77 Double shear steel. 

78 Ova) cast steel, for 
chiffelM. 



79 Round cast steel for 
spindles. 

80 Square cast steel for 
tools. 

Model springs, viz. : — 

81 Locomotive engine. 

82 Dray. 

83 llailway waggon. 

84 Rjiilway first-class car- 
riage. 

85 Elliptic, for carnage. 
^iii Gig or light cart. 

87 Model file, 2U inches 
long, divided into compart- 
ments of the various descrip- 
tions of teeth required for 
files and rasps. Sup]K>rted 
by two pedestals ou a plateau 
of burnished cast steel, con- 
taining a view of Fitzalan 
Works. 



10<*)a Fearnoombe:, H., Wnlrerhamptim — Manufacturer. 

Porta>>le wash-stands, grained maliogany, painted, 
veineil imitation Sienna marble. Coal vases, flat top, 
painted hawking-party, nautilus shell, &c. Oval dish- 
oavers. Tea-trays, painted, and Eliuibethan. Copper 
bronae kettles, Btan<ls, and lamp. Spittoons. Ewers 
and basins. Revolving and peq>etual almanacks. Date 
indioaUM*. Hot-water jug. Tea caddies. Coffee-pot, 
biiiler, and filter. Tureen. Hot-water dish and cover. 
I>resaing-case. Some of these articles are registered. 

162 Mamh Brothers ft Co., Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

Bpecimens of steel used for tcx)lB, cutlery, &c. Table 
and small cutlery. Butchers' knives ; razf>rs ; edge tools ; 
files; scythes; hay -knife; straw-knife. Spring for rail- 
way trucks, waggons, &c. 

163 Broorsbanr, A., Malind't Works, Sitcfficld — 

^lanufacturer. 
Files and rasps of different si7A», adapted for the use of 
c^jnoeers, joiners, &c. ; manufiMstured from the best cast- 
steel. 



164 WoRRALL, Hallam, ft Co., Sheffield-' 

Manufiu^urers. 

Hackles, circular gills, and other gills for flaz-dreesing. 

Samples of cast-steel wire in coils and lengths. 

Spiral springs for balances and machinery. 

Brass spurs for self-acting templets. 

Specimens of needles in dSfereut stages of manufactures. 

Samples of hackle and gill pins. 

Set of brush-makers* engine-combs. 

Cast-steel broaches for wool -combing. 



165 Cousins, J., & Sons, Garden Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Paper scissors and bankers' scissors ; tailors' scissors ; 
horse-trimming scissors. 

Ladies' cutting-out and fancy scissors. 
Grape-scissors and flower-gatherers to hold. 
Gentlemen's budding-scissors and flower-gatherers. 
Gentlemen's nail-scissors ; left-handed scissors. 
Gardeners' budding-scissors to hold. 



166 



HuTTON, Joseph, Ridjeway, Sheffield — 
Manufacturer. 

Two bars of iron and one of cast-steel. Two and a half 
bars of iron, and half bars of cast-steel, welded together 
under a tilt (water or steam power hammer), and to be 
used for the manufacture of scythes and edge-tools ; 
also for the more effectual prevention of housebreaking, 
the steel, when tempered in water, presenting a powerful 
resistance, while its elasticity renders it applicable to the 
lining of curved window-shutters, doors, &c. 

Berkshire hooks, for reaping, to be used in the manner 
of a Uainault scythe. 

Riveted scythe, composed of strips of cast-steel between 
two layers of iron. Riveted Berkshire hooks, formed in 
same manner, both water hardened. 

Pair of cart axles, with revolving spherical bushes, 
upon a principle which is applicable to railway carriages, 
heavy machinery purposes, &c. Spheres for revolving 
spherical axles and bushes ; re<lnces friction, &c. 

Sheep-shears, with cast-steel edges, which vrill not chafe 
each other. 

Sickle, adze, joiner's bench axe, Sussex woodman's 
bill, firmer-chisels, socket-chisels, and double plane-irons ; 
all with cast-steel edges. 



1G7 Flatueb, David, S*>lbj Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Joiners' tools, consisting of braces, bits, stpiares, Insvels, 
gouges, spirit-levels, spokeshaves, tumscrews, augers, 
gimblets, saw-pad, saw-set, brad-awl, pad, and skat<M. 



168 Machon, John, .^A^'^t'W— Manufacturer. 
A vaiicty of scissors and slide pruning shears. 



1 60 Marsden, Brothers, & Sii.verwood (late Fenton 
& Marsdens), Bridije i<trect Works, i>hc^tM — 
Msmufacturers. 

Tlie '* Royal Albert" skate. 

Selection of skates, a.s8<)rte<l in various patterns. 

Tools for joiners, cari>enters, and cabinet-makers. 

Braces, with registerecl brace -heiul, constructed so as 
to prevent its wrnking off. 

The registered niortici'-gjuige, having the tul>e or barrel 
niove<l at either end by intwins of a tumscrew, which sets 
the head and the cutters finn in p<witi<)n. 

Screw and shell augers, of various patterns an<l sizes. 

A general selection of botniiioil and horticnltunil tools, 
8uite<l for professional and ainut^ur ganlening. 



170 



JoWETT, J., AnnuUl Lane, Shtffi* Id — 
Manufacturer. 

Edge tools an<l sheep shears. 
Horse, rag, and weavers' shears. 



CLAsa 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3. w. 29. 



171 Brookes, Johh, Dnnet Street, Spring Lane, 
Shxffcld— MannfftCturBT, 
Articlea suitable forladiee' work-boieB uid gentlemen'i 
dreanng-casefl, made in steel, ivory, and poftrl; buttoi 
lioak*, noil fltea, tweezers, corkicrewB, atilettua, &c. 



172 Hau., T. H., Leecroft, 5A«JKeU— Muiufactnrer. 
A vuiety of topa, wwb, sctbwh, b. 



173 WiLLoooHBi, T., Sfteprirf— Maoufiicturer. 
Secret dial penknives. 

174 TiiB!(is,HuiiiiBTA:WiLLUJf,£Ht^i 

Manufactureiii. 

Registered fire-irDna, viz, : — 

Octagon heads, and nunre uras bowa and ahanlu. 

Improved leaf bow diamond cut shanks, rich or-mo1ti 
heads, and new vase-pan. 

Twisted diamond cut shanks, bows, and heads. 

Octagon heads and bows, with hexagon shanks and 
poker, of new form- 

Or-molu heads, uid plun shanks. 

Octagon fluted «h»nfc«, and original heads, bows, and 
■hanks, to superaede the old joint made inside of the 

Short leaf bowi, with octagon heads, bows, and shanks, 
with new joint and modern heads. 

Or-molu and steel head. Modem octagon shanks. 
Plain twisted shanks, octagon steel heads. 

Plain oct^^n heads, bows, and shanks. Plain bed- 



175 WiLKlKSON, Thoii*b & Oeobob, it Kea ChunA 

Street, Sheffield — Hanu&oturers. 

Duplicate specimen of scisaora, manu&ctured for the 
Queen, with the ornamental scroll-work, twral arms, 
Victoria, &o., filed out of solid steel. Six doien fllea 
were required to cut out the work. 

Heraldic dreamng-case acisson, with the arms of H.R.H. 
Prinoe Albert, of the Duke of Norfolk, and of the Duke 
of Devonahire. 

Ladie^ sdasora, with scroll-work handles, and electro- 
gill medallion of the Queen, Ladiea' stdel acroU-work 
scissors, fomiing the letter V, filed out of solid steel. 
Ladiea' scissors, lily-of-the-vallef pattern, with steel 
blades, and electro-gold and silvsr handles. Ladies' scis- 
pattem, with steel blades, and electro-gold 



Large cutting-out scisaors, deeign — rose, shamrock, and 
thistle, filed from solid steel. 

ScUsors, 33 inches lung, forged from ingot of steel, with 
etching on bladea of the Exhibition Building and scroll- 

nittaitis of sdsaore, with bandies, Ootbic, Oerman, 

and other styles, also flowers, snakes, birds, dolphins, 
filed steel scroll-work, &c. Patterns of scissors, of dif- 
ferent sizes. Ladies' fine work, cutting-out, lace, nail, 
button-hole, and dressing-case . scissors. Miniature scis- 



Hair-cutting, nail, and diapers' sciasors, and fiy trim- 

Banken', paper, and p^er-hangera' scisaoiB. Tendon- 
■eparators. andsnrgeoni/scissors. Improved dressmakers', 
calenderers' or packers' and fustian scissors. Scissors and 
steel oombs, for trimming horses. Good steel forged 
■aisson. TNlon'sdsBoiaandshears, ofdifibriDtBieeand 



le hand, gives great sUaugkh in 



moulded exactly to fit tt 

cutting, and is made at 1( 

R^iulating spring-screw, invented by the exliibitort; it 
resists Uie prsnure caused bf outtiog strong snbstanoea, 
and prevent shears or soisson from working looae. Lever- 
spring scissors, intended to give uniform pnasure upon the 
edges, and prevent friction. Soisson, diovring variona 
stsgea of monu&cture. Praniiu shears and aeiaors, line- 
BCissors, flower and grape gatharera, shears fai cutting 
gold, silver, copper, tin, &c. 

176 Blookeb k Paiij.a«, AOert Worb, agjIfM— 
Manufa ctuiai s. 
A variety of braosa and bits, spirit-level^ idiiaels, fte. 



177 WmiOHT, John, New Qeorge Street, Sheffield— 
Manufacturer and luventOT. 

ladies' and gentlemen's skates, with improved swaged 
irons and toe leather. 

Improved truss, with rack pad, to obtain anj preBore 
regnired. 

Two-handJed hoiBe-aer^ier, whitA maj be uMd Ii»tiil 
of a ouny-oomb. 

Cast'Steel ahoe-lift. Bpecimena of hone Mmmings, 
cast-steel. I^dteir atesl buaka, made by ragiatersd m*- 

Crochet-aiHkea, made to be fitted on any ahoa, and 
removed to suit the tread of the wearer. 
Combs made of caat-stael, for graining oak, fee. 



179 MossisoN & Pahkis, RaclimghaMliir* Strtet, 



Carpenten' brwws, with and without oomplets h* 
of bita. 

,iisre, spirit level, bevel, ipokeshavsa (saaortedkiDdaX 
gauges, aaw-pads, gimblets, augns, and ti 



80 Hapfins, J., Sheffield— UmM^tHant. 

Engraved razor and knife haodlea. 



31 HoWAmTH, Jab., Sheffield— lianyib^ja 
Tools for engtaven and print-cntter^ < 

graven, bunuaheB, and scr^ters. 
Mariners' compass, needles, and gtinamith^ ito Aln g 
«ls. Turning and carving tools. Bdoe toola — li^t, 

compriBiDg chisels and gouges. Edge tocJa — heavy, oom- 

prising adies, axes, and garden tools- 
Tool c' ■ ' ' ' -' ' 



•T botanists and touiista, oi 



-prong garden fork, three-pnmg fork, gardaB- 

/el, pruning-chisel, mmd-hodk, Duteh hoe, ^nd- 

hanuner and tiatchet, pruning-saw, ohiael, pick and a^ke^ 
with long and ^ujrt hsndles. 



Patent antifriction brue, with eboof atoA, ivory head, 
with bits complete. The improvomaDla are, that tba 
spindle workauponahard steel centre, inateadot a collar, 
which reduoea the friotion, and the hnd is aecnred to the 
neck by a nut screwed into the BoaktA-ptaee, to prevent 
the head ooming ofi*, and prodnoa the tfaa^T votUng of 
the brace. 

Squares:— Plated and ebony, witli spilit-level. 

Bevil : — Ii^roved slide ; ebony- 

Qauges: — Ebony, in 
ticej and outtinj g^ugB- 

Tumacrews;— Handled, b 
and Moon's pattam. 

Bpokesbaves: — Boxwood, beech, pearl, plated, ebonj. 

Fterl plated screw-lioiH. 



1, bright, LMidoB, round blade. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 26 TO 27 ! O. 9, & P. 3 



ToB' 



SMT-padi: — Ebony and boxwood, improTed. Saw-aet, 
wiUi buidla. 
S(itrit-laT«U; — Ebony, plated, and Scotch pattenu. 
Siw-frmme ; — Boxwood, inlaid with ebony. 
Pridkir-Iiadi;— Ebony and irory, with tools, gimlets, 
Ata, wad patent twiat. 

" imon aorsw; bright ahellj and Scotch 
— Ebony, inlaid. 



DoKCavrat, D., jA«^«U— Hanu&ctur 
ma of (teel. 

No. 1. 



185 PuNMLL, Sunm., Sk^etd— Inventor. 
Improved wanning and ventilating apparatos, which 

can be forced bj maum of a whael-bn, ad4>ted, by icaana 
of a white enamet upon the exterior aur&ce of the hot-air 
piping, caaing, &c., to retain and conduct heat. 

Improved nmner, wheel, »nd cap for a pocket-umbrella; 
improved rib and rtretcher for the urns, A pocket- 
umbrella to attach to a walUiig-etick, or an; other handle. 

Improved Burfoce-filehandleM. Concave and convex niT' 
face-filiM ; exterior and interior angle filee. Moulding-Ble. 

186 DxutE, DuT, & Dgake, Lmdm Bridga— 

Inventors and Proprietora. 
Hre-lulnp etoves (Leslie's peteot, and the exhibitor'* 
regixtration}. These stoves are repreaanted in the fol- 
lowing engravings : — 




ofai 



1 and S are tzdtxX views of this improved 
Hm bdttom, sides, and back are fanned 
Dgb fir»-lam^ A. The imat, icings, 



. , I, are of iron. The curved bottom of 
Um fli»-lmnp prmeets in &ont to within half an 
inch uf the grate bar a; and it rests upon a cross 
bearing, B, which La turned up beliind as in fig. '2. 
in onler that the latter may afford nmUtonce to 
any thrust, from in front, iigain»t the fire-lump. 
C C an two binding Bli|is which fit into recefues 
of the sides c c of the fire-lump, as in the plan 
fix- '); and come fiush in front with the iiiutal 
<^ieeks bb. U D are angle tie-pieces attached to 
the cheeks behind, and fitted to the sides uf the 
fire-lump. E E are screws which ore pansed 
through the binding Blips C C, and an>(le tie 
piecai D D to bind the whole tiiguther. By un- 
d'ling tbeae ncniw*, and removing; the slijie C C, 
the (iJrs-lump can be entirely withdrawn, without 
diatorbing the other parts of the stove. 





Tlio utility of thin wtovc coiisists 
in the gnite or rece|it.-u:lo fur the Sre 
Iwing entirely in front of the reflect- 
ing cheeks, and the additional re- 
flector below the grate, iuc reusing the 
reflvvting surface. 

Fifi. 1, is a front view of the stove. 
Fig. -i. a vertical necticm on the line 
<i I.. Fih'. 



The back of the firo-irrale, fi> " 
formed by the intrmluction of ■ fire- 
ixluccd thniugh the oiwuing fonuoil by the 
a of the Bni'>ke. 



614 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 26 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 20. 



rCJHlTBD 



Yacht stove, withtH>pper boiler and steaming apparatus. 

Small yacht stove, without copper boiler. 

Model improved cooking stove, with steam-closet, three 
steam kettles, bath. Sec., all heated with one fire. 

Electro-plated goods: — Sets complete, consisting of 
tea, coffee, water-pot, sugar, and cream, — teas extra ; 
liquor-frame, cruet-frames, flower-stands, toast-racks, 
salts, waiters, and candlesticks. 

Britannia-metal goods : — Dish-covers, manufiM^^ured by 
a new mechanical process, ¥rith strong metallic wires in 
the edges, equal to silver in appearance and durability; 
exhibited for cheapness; teapots, salt, mustard, pepper, 
soup-ladle ; gravy, table, dessert, and tea spoons ; also 
jugs, swing-kettle, dish-covers, cruet-frame, candlesticks, 
and coffee-pot. 

Cast-steel, circular, and swaged saws : — London spring 
hand-saw, polished blade, with mahogany, zebra, London 
pattern, and country pattern handles. 

London spring polished blade, with zebra-wood handle. 

Improved pruning-bill, with polished blade, and kings- 
wood handle. 

187 Warburton, Charles, 60 Eyre Lane, Sheffield — 

Manufactiu^r. 

Bright Scotch screw-auger with eye, 6-inoh, weighing 
nearly 1 cwt., and in length 7 feet; considered the largest 
of the kind ever manufactured. 

A variety of Scotch screws, twisted, and other augers, of 
different sizes, including a bright four-twist auger with 
eye l\ inch, exhibited as a curiosity on account of its 
being a four-twist. 

Improved shell-auger, f-inch: a recent invention. 



187a Jowitt & Battie, Thomas & John, Satille 
Works, SJicffield — Itfanufacturers. 

Specimens of forged, tilted, rolled, and hand-drawn, 
cast, shear, and spring steel. 

Complete set of engineerai' and machine-makers' cast- 
steel files. 



188 HiGoiNBOTHAM, O. & W., /STA^^/c^— Manufacturers. 

An assortment of scissors, ornamented and mounted 
with gold and other metals, suitable for dressing cases, 
writing desks, &c. 

Pair of fine scissors, made of refined steel, and hardened 
and tempered bv a process not yet made public, which 
produces a durable edge, and a brilliant polish. 

Razors, in ivory, tortoiseshell, and mother-of-pearl 
handles, and gold and silver mountings, with blades of 
similar temper, made of refined steel, and highly finished. 



190 



TuRTON, Thomar, & Sons, Sheffield^ 
Manufacturers. 

Steel, commencing with Swedish bar iron. 

Steel converted into blister steel of various temper. 

Steel rolled for the manufacture of springs. 

Refined cast-steel in the ingot. 

Steel '* tilted " into flats and squares for turning-tools, 
drilling and planing tools, millbills, dies, and every 
description of mechanics' tools, axes, 8cc. 

Steel tilted oval and octagon, for cold chisels, 8cc. 

Steel tilted under the hammer in swages, especially for 
taps and other articles used in machinery. 

Steel tilted and rolled for the manufacture of files, 
edge-tools, chisels and gouges, plane-irons, circular and 
other saws, cutlery, and all articles manufactured from 
steel. 

[Steel may be regarded as a carburet of iron ; it is 
usually manufactured by the process of cementation. 
The cement, as it is called, consists of the charcoal of 
hard wood — sometimes soft is employed — mixed with a 
small quantity of ashes and some salt. The bottom of 
the trough of the cementing furnace being covered with 
this mixture, bars of steel are placed upon it; these are 
again covered with the carbonaceous compound, and so 
on until the trough is filled. The whole is closed, and 



the fire urged until all aoquires a tempeniare of aboiut 
lOO** Wedgwood; and this is steadily maintained for some 
days, the time varying; under different conditions, from 
four days to ten. In Uiese furnaces, 12 tons of bar iron 
may at each charge be converted into steel. Blistered 
steel is so called from the air-bubblea which cover its 
sxufaoe, which blisters appear to result from the forma- 
tion of carbonic oxide in the process of cementation. 

The operation of tilting is performed by beating the 
steel under tilt-hammers until it ia rendered of a very 
uniform structure. The tilt-hammers usually weigh 
about 200 cwt.— R. H.] 

Files for engineers, machine-makers, millwrigfata, saw- 
mills, cabinet-makers, joiners, builders, agriculturists, &c. 

Edge-tools, consisting of firmer chisels and gouges, 
turning-chisels and gouges, pardng-cbiaels and gouges, 
millwrights' chisels and gouges, sod^et-chiaela, mortice- 
chisels, single plum-irons, cut plum-irons, doable plum- 
irons, drawmg-kuivee, coopers' tools of every deacription, 
augers, English, American, Bnudl, and ship axes; English, 
American, Brazil, and ship adzes; knives for duriera, 
tanners, and skinners, and various other articlea comprised 
under Uie name of edge-tools. 

Springs of various sorts for locomotive engines, railway 
passenger carriages, waggons, &o. Saws. Cutlery. 



191 



Ibbotson Brothers & Co., Shefeld — 
ManufjEMsturers. 

Collection of polished oast-steel drcolar saws. 

Cast-steel mill saws; cross-out saws; pit saws; frame 
saws; mill saw webs; stone saws; and Russian cross-cut 
and frame saws. Segment of a circular veneering saw. 

Grafting, hand, panel, ripping, and steam saws, of dif- 
ferent degrees of polif^; with ebony, mahogany, rose, 
lignum-vitse, maple, zebra, tulip, box, satin, red, and 
beiBch-wood handles, plain and variously ornamented* 

Caat-stoel cheap hand saws. 

Back saws, with iron, burnished steel, blued and bran 
backs; with handles of hard wood. 

Lock saws, with beech and lignum-vit» handlea, and 
with rosewood and mahogany pistol handles. 

Pruning saws; billet webs; breaking-rut webs; tunung, 
metal, and fret saws; and butchers' webs. 

Cast-steel patent scythes. Cast-steel scythe rolled up^ 
to show its elasticity. 

Flat files — ^ruff, bastard, second-cut, smooth, deed* 
smooth, and double dead-smooth. Hand file% aMorted 
cuts and sizes. 

Three-square saw files, mill saw files, feetheredgey 
cross, riffle, roimding-off, entering, four-square, ooUer, 
frame and gulleting, cabinet-makers' files and naps. 

Knife files, rubbers, flat-shoe rasps, half-round, double 
bevelled, and tongued horse rasps. 

Ivory, tip, and stag table-knives and forks; dessert- 
knives and forks; guard, slicer, trowel, and venison 
carvers. 

American hunting-knives. Table-knife ahecpenMi. 
Tilted best cast-steel. 



192 BoTCiDEB, WnxiAM A; SA]fon» Sk^kH^ 

Manufecturers. 

Specimen razor, with handle fbnned of one piece of 
ivory, ornamented with engravings oi the various manu- 
fectories of the exhibitors; the elehingi on the blade 
represent the ** Qreat Exhibition" buildin||^ accompanied 
with an allegorical illustration of "GDmmerce vdA her 
attributes." 

Various descriptions of raaors, edf* V)ola and filet, and 
saws. 

Samples of cast-steel, round, fonr^naie^ and hexagon, 
in assorted sizes. 



193 BujLE & Parkin, JTeodow YMa^ Sheffield— 

ManufiEUi^urers. 
Improved cast-steel files and rasne, for eogineers, ma- 
chinists, &c. Improved caai-eteel anrs. Fair nnall 



KiSODOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



615 



Hammer-headB, and aevend pieces of patent tem- 
pered steel. Machine paper-cutting knife. Envelope 
catten. Fnper-makenr beating-plates and circular 
cutter. 

Cloth manufiu^uren^ spiral catting edges on a cylinder ; 
and loose cutters of different shapes. Tobacco cutting 
knife. Haohine cutters for planing wood. Moulding 
and grooving irons, for wood work. Logwood cutting- 
knife sod ra^. Corkcutters', tanners', and curriers' 
knives. Sheet cast-steel, polished for paintings. Mill- 
chisel with handle. Small pattenui of springs, for rail- 

ij uses. 



104 GiBBniB & QoKB, Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

A pahr of scissors, 19 inches long, representing the 
arms of England, France, and America, with the motto, 
" miity and peace," worked with small files and drills, 
round a portion ot the bows in cipher letters. Exhibited 
for design sod workmanship. 

An assortment of scissors. A pair of scissors in the 
first p ro ce ss of manufacture. An assortment of nail-nip- 
pers. Champagne nippers or openers, various patterns. 

An assortment of pruning-shears. Averancaters. 

Garden hedge-cutting shears. Fruitand grape-gatherers. 

Qarden-forl^ reel and line. Ladies' gajrden-fork. 

Sets of scissors, of assorted siies, and for various piu:- 



195 Wiuoir, John, & Son, Sycamore Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 
Samples of shoemakers' knives. Butchers' and bread 
knives. Cooks^ and curriers' knives. Farriers' and gla- 
sier^ knives. Pklette knives and weavers' knives. 
Batchers' steels, &c. Corporate mark, four peppercorns 
and a diamond thus — 

» ♦ »♦ »♦ »♦ «{♦ 

196 Waed & Patnb, ^A<f/^<r/(i~Manufacturor8. 

Edge-tools in every variety, comprising tools used by 
carpenten, joiners, ihipwri^ts, millwrights, coach and 
camnci maksn, &o., such as cast steel firmer-chisels, 
f^iigew, plane-irons, socket-chisels, drawing-knives, block- 
makers' chisels and gouges, German jMirting-toolrt, cooperu' 
t<K>lit, plasterers' moulding tools, shell and screw augers, 
tr«»wel», mAchine plane-inms and moulding- in >n«, Brazil, 
Canada, London, coachmokers' and long falling axes, 
hatchets, choppers, hedging-billn, &c. 

Curriers', tanners', Bkinnere*, Baddlers', mincing, and 
l»<x>kbinders' knives; turning -chisels and gouges; fancy 
turning- tools for iron, wood and brass ; screw tools ; 
bright and black car>-ing chisels, gouges, &c. ; yellow 
jtrint -cutters ; caning-chiaels ; gouges ; parting-tools ; 
sitoon-ldt chisels and gouges; engravers' and die-sinkerH* 
t'Mils of every kind and 8ha{>e; sculptors* chisels; mez- 
Zfftinto scra{iera and shading- tools ; plain and fluted 
•crai^rs; burnishers. 

Bnoei*, bits, tumscrcws, spokeshaves, 8cc. 

U»7 Marshall, Samuel, 25 Ei/re Street, Sheffield — 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

Hp<>cimens of illustrated Sheffield cutlery, consisting 
of raiors, &c., carved, in mother-of-pearl handles. 

Gentlemen's i>ocket combs. Sec. 

198 Satnob, Samuel, & Sons, 13 lUhrard Street, Sheffield 

— Manufacturers. 
Pruning and budding knives, for the use of gardenei-s, 
seedsmen, horticulturalists, &c. Kxliibited fur work- 
uuutfhip and material. 



199 Xatlob, VicKFUis, &Co., .v/i/'^f /J— Manufacturers. 

Illustrations of cast steel by models of fumacos, rolling 
mill, and forge. An assortment of manufactured articles. 



•jr<» White, Thomas, jun., Thorpe I/eele;/, SJieffieUl — 
Inventor and Manufactnn*r 
Improved hooks for fixing gas and water-pipe, ma<)e 
ettber bright or black; a new form being given to tie 



shotdder of the hook, which facilitates the driving, and 
the bend is lengthencMl to secure the pipe. 

Improved horse-nails, in order to secure the shoe with- 
out injuring the hoof. 

New wrought-ir<»i nails for ship-builders, carpenters, 
joiners, and cabinet-makers. The improvement of this 
nail consists in its gradual thickness tovrards the head. 

Improved rivets, in iron, brass, copper, or zinc. 



203 Etre, Ward, & Co., iS%<f^r^(/->Manu£BMH;urers. 

Different qualities of table-knives, oonunenoing with 
those manufactured for export to the United StateSj^ 
the Canadas, South America, and Australia. Mediimi 
qualities, of various kinds. 

Ivorv, silver, and other descriptions of table cutlery 
of the best description. 

Razors, pocket and penknives, dagger and Bowie knives, 
made from the best steel, and of every variety in quality. 

Scissors, scythes, and sickles, of the best qualities, for 
different markets. 



204 SoRBT, Robert, & Sons, Carver Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

An assortment of sheep shears, comprising Australian, 
American, Trinity, Saxony, Trowel shank, Scotch, 
Wiltshire or Sarum, Dorsetshire, Norfolk, Kent, Devon, 
Leicestershire, and Lincolnshire. Kendal snappers, 
flyers* glovers, horse and T shears, &c. WeavCTS* pods, 
assorted patterns. 

Cast steel circular saw, 5 feet in diameter, hardened 
and tempered. Various cast steel, and London spring 
saws. Polished circular saws. Specimens of files for 
sharpening saws, &c. 

Axes, consisting of American, Australian, Kent, Scotch, 
Suffolk, Newcastle, Longfalling, ship, coachmakers', 
wheelers', Newcastle, blocking, Irish bench side, American 
house, Dutch, mortice, bullock, and coopers', &c. 

Adses, consisting of coopers', carpenters , ship, wheelen^, 
electro-Scotch, American and Canada, spout, &c. 

Butchers* cleavera. House choppers and sugar hatchet. 
Mincing and cheese knives. 

Hatchets, consisting of improved claw, hammer, Shing- 
linp, Suffolk, Kent, and Irish. 

Hedging bills, consisting of Yorkshire, Westmoreland, 
Nottingham, Lopping. Improved S'Bill switching, &c. 

Hoes, garden, turnip, Dutch improved turnip, half 
moon, long neck swan, neck, &c. Patent lawn or daisy 
and garden rakes. 

Improved gjirden tools, complete, made to fit one 
handle, viz., spade, rake, hoes, saw, spuds, fork, &c. 
Spuds and weed hooks, assorted. 

Axes which have cut the bars of iron attached to each ; 
the edges of which have not been sluurpcned since. 

An assortment of various kinds of augurs. Wheelers* 
bnizz and ship scrapers. Socket lock mortice chisel. 
Cast and German-steel gouges and chisels. 

Tooth piano irons, an<l ctMjper's jointer plane with 
irons. JoineiV, cooiHJrs', and wheelers* spokoshavefr. 
Best plough bills, braces and bitts, &c. Platetl 8<piai-eH, 
plated spirit levels; various bevels. Tumsci*ew8, of as- 
sorted piittems and lengths. Sawpads. Best cast steel 
long pod and shell gimblets. Phmes : smoothing, jack, 
trying, j)lough groving, beail, fillister, and rabbit. Skates, 
as8orte<l jiatterus. 

Cast steel patent scythes, consisting of improved 
narrow Scotch, brojwl Scotch, narrow Canatla grass, crad- 
ling corn. Broad Suffolk, south of Kngland, north of 
England, Yorkshire, and gniss-plat scythes. Best ham- 
mered scythes, consisting of broail Scotxjh, naiTow Amo- 
riaui gi-ciHs, cradling com, south of England and Bramber 
scythes; (mtcnt and crowu luiy knives, cross and side 
handle. 

Crown trussing knife. Patent and crown chaff knives. 
Machine straw knives. Ciist steel patent reaping hooks, 
round and elbowed. Imprtivcd registered rea{)ing hooks, 
aBsorte<l. Chuxlen and grass shears, assorted patterns. 



616 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 8 TO 29. 



[United 



204a Lucas, Edwabd, & Son, Dranfield, near Sheffield— 
Patentees and Manufacturers. 

Malleable steel-spoke railway and plate-railway wheels, 
which are cast in one piece, and are hard on the surface, 
the interior soft or nialleable: they are said to be much 
lighter than the ordinary wheel, and to wear well. 

Malleable steel carriage, coach, and cart naves and 
axles, which are formed out of one piece; they occupy 
less space than the ordinary wood naves, and are less 
affected by the weather. 

A case of spindles and flyers in use for spinning flax, 
wool, cotton, and silk. 

Specimens of cast malleable iron manufactured by a 
process of which the exhibitors are the original patentees. 



205 TABKEBy H., Sheffield-'Uiuxaiactuier, 

Cast steel saws, polished and etched with silver and 
gold. 



206 Fisher & Brakall, JToyle Street Works, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Files and rasps. Ironstone, pig, and bar-iron. Bar 
and ingot steel ; spring steel ; shear, cast, and sheet 
steel ; cast-steel, hand drawn. 

Engineers' chisels, hammers, and nut-spanner. Mill- 
bill. Masons' chisels. Circular saw, for cutting railway 
ban when in a heated state. 

[Iron is converted into steel by a process called cemen- 
tation, which consists in placing iron bars in troughs of 
fire-brick, and covering them with layers of powder of 
wood charcoal, salt, and ashes. Dr. Ure is of opinion that 
the latter material is valueless. Care is taken that the 
Iron bars do not touch each other. The troughs, when 
filled, are covered up with loam, and subjected to the 
action of a furnace, the heat of which is uiged until it 
arrives at the proper temperature, and until the trough 
and its contents become one red-hot mass of matter. In 
this state it is maintained for a longer or shorter period, 
viz., from four to ten days, according to the nature of 
the steel desired ; if soft, the time is shorter. The heat 
produces the combination of the carbon with the iron 
and completes the conversion of a soft substance into 
one of the most brittle; it then undeigoes the process of 
hardening, by being plunged into cold water. 

Shear-steel is formed by uniting together several bars 
of blister-steel by means of a steel rod, and sprinkling 
over it, when heated, sand. After being again heated, it 
is drawn out into a bar by means of a tilt hammer, viz., 
a large hammer, which works by steam or water power. 
Repeated heatings not unfrequently transpose the con- 
verted steel into its original state of iron. 

Cast-steel is produced by melting blister-steel in cruci- 
bles, which is done after the manner of the brass-founder, 
in a common-air fiimaoe. The mouth of the crucible is 
covered ; the fuel used is coke. The metal, when melted, 
is poured into a mould, and acquires the name of " ingot 
steel." 

Sheet-steel is produced by being rolled between re- 
volving cylinders of metal. 

Hand-drawn, means rods which have been produced by 
manual labour, in opposition to those formed by the tilt 
hammer. — ^W. C. A.] 



207 Earl, Smith, & Co., Sheffield— Manvdactuxen. 

files and rasps, of all shapes, kinds, and sizes, firom 
half an inch to twenty-four inches long. 

Samples of steel of various kinds and shapes, from 
blister to the smallest watch-spring, exhibiting the frac- 
tures from the state of pig-iron to the most highly-polished 
steel, with the tempers classed. 



208 Slack, Sellers, & Qratson, Sheffield— 

Manufiusturen. 

Cast-steel polished circular, mill, jAt^ franM, and cross- 
cut saws. 

Spring, ripping, hand, and panel saws, in ebony, bee6h« 
and zebra-wood handles. 

(j^tleman's cast-steel hand and other saws, having 
tubulated backs formed of iron, Qennan silver, and brass, 
with handles composed of various woods. 

Qardener^s pruning, firet, bow, wood-cuttenf , and other 
saws for cutting wood and metaJs. 

Straw or chf^-knife, polished; ledger blade, cylinder 
of spiral cuiters for shearing woollen doth, &c. 

[After the weaving of woollen doth, the small fibres 
of the wool of which it is made are raised by means of 
teazle heads, or wire brushes; as a oonsequenoe, these 
fibres present irregularities in their several 1f»^gthff, to 
reduce which to an equal or uniform sui&oe, shears were 
formerly employed. These have been superseded by the 
application of a spiral cutting cylinder, which, being 
fitted with the necefisary cutting edges, and revolving 
rapidly in contact with the cloth to be cut, and which 
is drawn on a ledge, speedily imparts to it the reqidate 
uniformity of surfiioe. — ^W. C. A.] 



209 Ibbotbon, R., Shor^Mm Works, 7 ShordiaM Strmt, 

Sheffield — ^Manufacturer. 
Improved bill pruning saw. Black ebony plated handle 
saw. Rosewood handle saw, brass plate. Boxwood handle, 
blue back saw. Angica wood handle saw. London 
pattern hand and back saw. 



210 Matkin, T., Hawley Croft, Sheffield— Uaaahe/tanr, 
Specimens of shears. 

21 1 Tatlor Brothers, Jo«. & John, ^im^inM Lame, 

Sheffield — Manufitcturers. 

Specimens of saws: — ^American mill, cast-aieel ; Pit; 
Russian cross-cut; M-tooth, or continental cross-cut; 
circular; segment, or part-circular; suaged, or veneering 
circular; bUlet, or woodcutters' heb; and polished billet, 
Ohio or fleam tooth. 

Ripping-saw, with French-polished boxwood handle, 
electro-plate screws. The novelty consists in the handle 
and the etchings which represent the difierent procsMes 
of saw manufacturing. 

Sash or tenon-saw, with French-polished ebonr handle, 
and electro-plate screws ; with a representation of Windsor 
Castle and raik on the handle. 

Hand-saw, with French-polished beeoih handle. 

Polished hand-saw, witn Frendi-polished rosewood 
handle, raised steel screws, and etched. 

Polished panel-saws, with* French-polished box and 
zebra-wood handles, and etched. 

Polished hand-saw, with Ohio or fleam tooth, Rvodi* 
polished ebony handle, raised steel screws, and etdied. 

Polished plate, brass back, sash or tenon-Mtw, wHh 
French-polisned beech handle. 

Polished panel saw, with French-polished ebony handle, 
electro-plate, and etched. 

Panel-saw, with French-polished horse-flesh handle. 

Ripping-saw, wiUi Fruich-polished lebra handle, and 
raised steel screws. 

[The use of a ripping-saw is to separate the fibres of 
timber by eroding a portion of the fibre itself, to pre* 
serve an even way, and as an alternative to splitting. 
The crosscut-saw separates the fibre by a cut trans- 
versely, and effects more neatly and truly, and with less 
waste, what might be done with an axe; it cats logs 
into shorter lengths, as the pit-saw slits logs into boards. 

The tooth of a ripping-saw is more or less hooked, that 
of the pit-saw being shaped something like the upper 
mandible of a parrot; whilst the tooth of the croesomt- 
saw returns firom its point or i^^wx at an equal aagift on 



KnaooH.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 26 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 8 TO 29. 



617 



both adm of a line «t ri^t angles to the edge of the 
bladie; oooMquently the ripping-saw bites in the down- 
stroke onlj, iHiilst the crosscut-saw can cut both ways; 
and it does so when worked at both ends, as in cutting 
logs of large siies. 

TIm saw blade is commonly thicker at the serrated 
edge than at the back; both that it may not be imneces- 
sarily heaTy, and that it may not bind in the cut or the 
kerf (the ripping-saw makes a out, the crosscut-saw a 
kerf), though this latter object is more fiilly provided for 
by the setting of the saw; the setting being the bending 
outward of erery tooth alternately on one side and on 
tlie other, to such an extent ss the nature and condition 
<^the wood, in respect of woolliness and wetness, or their 
opposites, may render a wider or a narrower vpay necessary 
or sofflcient for the free psssage of the blade along the 
cut or throi^ the kerf. 

TsDon-Mtws are crosscut-saws mainly, and as their 
name imports, for cutting in the shoulders to tenons. 
Bat these are shallow cuts, and requiring to be made 
with neatness, the blade is made rigid by a back which is 
commonly of Inrass. Narrow-bladed saws, for cutting in 
eurred lines, are made thicker at the edge, and thinner 
at the back, and are not set.— W. H.] 



212 BuMiiH, Saxusl, & Sons, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

1. Bipping-Mtw, polished blade and handle, with sUver 
shield, ornamented. 

2. Hand-saw, with ebony handle, ornamented. 

3. Hand-saw, lebra handle, and ornamented with a 
reprsMotation of the Exhibition building. 

4. Bipping-saw, polished ebony handle, with raised 
silver screws. 

5. Bs^-Mtw, polished blade and handle, with silver 
ahield and fluted back. 

6. A similar one, with aebra handle. 

7. Another, with silver back, engraved and etched on 
blade. 

8. Another, poliMhed blade and satiu-wood handle, 
silver back, and etched blade. 

9. Back -saw, polished blade and handle, eilver back, 
and handle inlaid with silver, shield engraved. 

1 0. Another, with a bright back. 

1 1 . A similar one, blued. 

12. Hand-saw, polifthed blade and rosewood handle, 
ornamented, with silver screws and etched blade. 

l:<. Hand-saw, polished blade, and satiu-wood handle, 
decorated with silver shield and etched. 



213 Whittles & Fboooart, 1 ^ >0 West Street, Sheffield— 

Maniifactiu^rs . 
Surgical instnmients and penknives. 



214 Stanifobth, Thomas, Ifackenthorp, near Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 

Sit-kles and hooks used in England. Hooks used in 
Wale*. Sickles and h<x>ks used in Ireland and Scotland. 
Sicklea used in Poland and Russia. Sickles and hooks 
nMsA in Xorth America, United States, South America, 
ami WeMt Indies. 

Scythes used in England, Ireland. Scotland, and North 
America. Bramble scythe used in the United States. 



21.*) HcTTON & Newtom, Ilujh-lmiey near Sfieffield — 

Mxuiufacturers. 

Patent and croan hiiy and straw knives. 

Trown and iiatent scj-the**, suitable for the colonies 
>/{ New Smth Walcw, Austnili<i, &c. 

Cniwn and jiateiit narrow Guuida prasM scythe. 

In*n s<K:kete<l t^rass h«x>k, suitable for the East Indies. 

Sickle, suitable for the colony of thu Ca|)e of Good 
Hope, Ibc. 



Best bright Russian sickle, with polished handle, hoop, 
and ring. Polish and Canadian sickles. 

Reaping-hook and sickle, suitable for Australia^ New 
South Wales, &o. 

Bagging or fagging hook. 

Sickle, suitable for the United States of America. 

Spanish and rice sickles. 



216 Shaw & Son, Sheffield—MMnuhctoren, 
An assortment of magnets. 

217 Cutler, J., 6A<r^eAf— Manufacturer. 
A variety of edge tools. 

218 Mabpleb, Wiuliam, Sheffield— Manuhctuiet. 
Kingswood plated brace, with straw coloured bits. 
Beechwood unplated brace, without bits. 

Centre bits. Brace with improved pad, by which the 
bits are introduced with much greater facility into the 
receptacle provided for holding them. 

219 Carfitt, Thomas, & Son, Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

A collection of scythes, suitable for mowing or cutting, 
and used for the various purposes, and in the various 
counties and countries, enumerated as follows : — 

Garden and grass-plot borders. Canada. Rice. Foiged 
Cheshire. Cheshire, showing the under side. American 
com, showing the under side. Broad-pointed Cheshire. 
Yorkshire, West Ridmg. Yorkshire, East Riding. West- 
moreland, &c. 

Chaff, rag, and turnip machines. Chaff-box. Hay- 
trussing, hay-knife, and shear-steel round. 

Elbowed, Irish, and bagging hook. Cast-steel round. 

Cast-steel Kendal hook. Round, ribbed, crane, elastic, 
Cheshire and Kendal sickles. 

Specimens of round steel, shear and oast: — 

T^e patent scythe, consisting of a cast-steel blade, with 
an iron rib rivetted upon the upper side, and elongated 
at the heel of the scvthe into a tang. One of the pecu- 
liarities of this scythe consists in the blade and flange- 
rib, the back e<lge of which turns up, and meets the 
flange of the rib, to give it strength and lightness. The 
forged scythe consists of steel, which forms the edge, 
welded between two strings of iron, as a back. 



220 Sreltons, Samukl & Ralph, Sheffield and Attercliffe 

— Manufacturers. 
Shovels and spades for various uses. Draining-tools. 

221 Taskeb, John, Sheffield — Inventor and 

Manufacturer. 
Pair of cricket shoes with gutta percha bottoms ; made 
principally by machinery, api)licable to the manufacture 
of various kinds of boots or slioes ; su{)orior for durability 
and aj>i)oarance ; made in one-third of the time, and 
much choaiKjr than the ordinary boots or shoes. 

222 Burrows, Samuel, 94 Spring Street, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens of table cutlery in black tip, self-tip, white 
bone, Gonuau silver, ivory, plated on steel, and ivory and 
l)earl ; with patent steel blades, and ornamental shanks. 

223 Cooper, G., Wicker Lane, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 

Specimen of registered Venetian chimney-top. De- 
sij;ne<l to create an upwanl draught, and to jirevent 
<lowuwar(l draught. The lower courses are inteude<l to 
give a direction to the wind impinging against them, 
which pnxluces an upwanl current, and the top courses 
intercept and break the force of all wind from above, 
before it can in wiy way affect the flue. 

As there are no parts of this chimney-top where soot 
can hxlge, it will always bo kept clean by the wind blow- 
ing through it. 



618 



Glass 22.— OENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



rUHTTED 



224 HiNCHCUFFE, John, 8 Hermitage Street, Sheffield 

— Manu&cturer. 

Flambeaux dagger hunting clasp-knife, 10^ in. haft, 
carved in pearl representing the cutlers' arms, with carved 
scrolls and flowers in bas-relief, cased in gold edge, with 
gold guard. 

Gentlemen's Whamcliffe knives, in pearl, shell, ivory, 
and stag handles. Ladies' knives, in pearl, ivory, &c. 
American hunting lock knives, in fancy handles, &c. 

225 Lkon, Abraham, Sheffield — ManufiM^urer. 
American hunters' knives, various sizes from 20 inches 

downwards, in Morocco and electro-plate sheaths. 

Dagger knives, electro-plate and Morocco sheaths, with 
black and pearl -dotted handles. 

Also, pierced electro plate, with silk velvet sheath. 

226 Sandebson, Thomas Joseph, Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Anvils for the use of engineers, blacksmiths, and 
farriers. Anvil for exportation. Bright and black vices, 
for blacksmiths. Bright saw vice. 

226a Hague, S., Devonshire lAtne, Sheffield — 

Manufactiu-er. 
Fancy penknives, varying in the ntmiber of blades, 
with corkscrews, silver pencils, &c. ; and handles of tor- 
toiseshell, mother-of-pearl, iyory, and horn. 

228 HUNTEB, E., Broomhall Street, Sheffield—- 

Manufacturer. 

Scissors and shears of all descriptions, with modem 
improvements. 

Specimens of these 'articles, in the various stages of 
mannfactiure. 

229 Nelson, John, Sheffield— Inventor, 

Set of parturition forceps, for difficult parturition in 
domesticated animals. 
Pair of forceps for giving balls to horses. 

230 Jones, J., 33 West Field Terrace, Sheffield— 

Inventor and Patentee. 
Qlass for sash-bars, frames, columns, cornices, windows, 
looking glass and picture frames. The glass is flint and 
coloured, and is plain, moulded or cut. 

231 LiNLET, O. A. F., 43 Hegent Street, Sheffield, 

Yorkshire — Designer and Manufacturer. 
Horse-shears and sheep-shears. 
Wool-sorters or thatchers' shears. 
Improved gentlemen's grass shears. 
Qlovers', limiting or dn^iging, and rag shears. 

232 Bell, John & Jonathan, /S^j^dii— Manufacturers. 
Silver fruit knives. 



233 Peace, Joseph, ^A<;j^/ii— Manufacturer. 

Hand-saw, ornamented japanned handle. 

Ripping-saw, rosewood handle, with registered plates. 

Hand-saws, zebra and ornamented japanned handles. 

Back-saws, sebra, rose, and beech-wood handles, with 
and without brass backs. 

FMiel-saw, hand-saw, and ripping-saw. 

Hand-saw, English measure on the back. 

Back-saws, various sizes, and some with brass backs. 

The above are all ornamented on the plates in a new 
style. 

Russian crosscut-saw, plain and blued, with the mark 
gilt. Russia frame-saw. Mill-saw web. Brass-back saw, 
lebra handle and steel screws. Iron-back saw, beech 
handle, &c. Saw cook knives. Turkish dagger. Pannel- 
saw, mahogany handle, steel screws. 

Hand-saw, eebra handle, registered plates, and English 
measure on the back. Chopping-knife. Turkish hand- 
saw. 

Large circular saw, with spindle and spanners com- 
plete, each tooth ornamented with a bird's head, the 



plate ornamented with the T^liA^ Ainarienk, Roarian, 
and Sheffield arms. Spring steel band-saw, with regis- 
tered plates in brass. BiUet-web. Sprisff steel hand- 
saw, with registered plates in polished steu. 

Glass frame, contaming registration deed for the im- 
proved plan of plating saw-h^dles. 

Glass case, contaimng old style of marlnng n,yn and 
the new style introducMl by the exhibitor. 

Glass case, containing saw-handles, with plates in the 
old style and in the new registered s^le. 



233a Peace, Henbt, Sheffield— JAjuxaSaeinnit, 
Samples of files and rasps of every description. 



234 Cocker & Sons, Hathersage, DerhyaMre — 

Manufacturers. 

Needles, in every stage of their mannfaefenre, from the 
wire of cast steel to the finished article. 

The exhibitors, being the drawers of card and other 
wire, a process which originated with their anoeston, a 
century ago, Mr. Huntsman, of AtterclifTe, idio fint 
refined carbonated iron, and which has been a sonice of 
great wealth, not only in the manufiicture of csst steel, 
but in the great variety of articles of outlery for which 
Sheffield is so celebrated, suggested to them thai it 
would be mutually advantageous if they could s n ocee d in 
drawing cast steel made from his carbonated iron. The 
suggestion was adopted, the attempt was made, and the 
cast steel and the wire made from it are now artieles 
of very extensive exportation. 

Specimens numbmd in the order of numulSMstare: — 

Wire: 1, cut double length of a needle; 3, stnight- 
ened; 3, pointed at each end; 4, groored, Ibr two 
needles; 5, eyed, for two needles. 

Needles: 6, threaded; 7, filed on the sides; 8, filed 
on the heads; 9, broken in two; 10, drilled in the 
oye ; 11, hardeneii ; 12, tempered ; 13, stnughtened 
14, scoured, first time ; 15, seonred, seoond time 
16, scoured, third time ; 17, scoured, foorth time 
18, glazed; 19, headed, and pidLed from waste; 20, blued 
in the eye and groove; 21, drilled in. the eye; 22, first 
extra polish; 23, second extra polish; 24, third extra 
polish ; 25, blued in the eye and groove ; 26, gold-eyed ; 
27, papered, twenty -five in a paper; 28, pi^iered and 
tucked; 29, papered in envelopes; 30, labelled, in en- 
velopes, and on purple paper; 31, in caees. 

Wire of various lands: — 32, pinion and dick wire, for 
clocks and watches ; 33, music wire, for planofortea ; 
34, watch and chronometer spring wire ; 35, oaet steel, 
hammered fiat, half fiat, and square. 

Nos. 36-41. Hackles, frt)m large hatchel to ISO's fine. 
Gills, for dividing the fibres of fiax in madiinecy. HaoUe- 
pins. Qill-pins. Wool-combers* broaches. Spiral apings. 

42. Particles of cast steel, taken from p^^ vmod m oon- 
veying away the dust occasioned in grincung needles on 
dry stones, and which would, if allowed to float in the 
air, be inhaled by the grinders, thereby fawising a com- 
plaint until lately very common, and hitherto inonraUe. 

[About twelve or fifteen years ago, several methods were 
tried to remedy this, but they did not effectually s uc ceed 
until a powerful ttm, as represented in the plan **"^^ 
on the boards at the end of the counter, was put up, oo 
which is shown a grinder at wotk, and the blaee of fire 
arising from the stone in the act of pointing, with the 
fan underneath, drawing the dust and particles of steel 
down the pipe, and leaving the atmosphere of the room 
perfectly clear and free from all iigurious effects; so that 
dry grinders have now the chance of living as loQg as 
other men; without this iq>paratus they cannot now be 
induced to woHl; it is therefore univenally adopted.] 



235 Bbown, John, Atlas Steel Works, SieffiM— 

Manufiiotorer. 
Conical railway spring buffer, with wroufi^t-iron cylin- 
der plungers of varied actions and rsiistiQg powen^ suit* 



KnroDOM.] 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



619 



able for wwggaim, goods Tans, locomotive engmes and ten- 
den, and pa a a e nger oarriagea. 

[Hm utility of the railway buffer oonaists in its 
tendency to counteract the effscta of the shock which 
ariaea from the stoppage of a railway train on the line. 

The momeDtum of the stopping body is dissipated 
by the application of an elastic medium, which opposes 
some resistance to the body which gives the blow. In 
the present instance, a steel spring is used, which is 
enclosed in a cylinder having a piston with a correspond- 
ing end fltaffbd and covered with leather works in it. 
The blow drives back this plunger against the spring, 
which to a certain extent resists, and thereby dissipates 
the efiecta of the collision. — ^W. C. A.] 

FKUnt oonioal railway drawing spring, for railway-car- 
riagea and waggons, of 3-inch action, and 75 cwt. resisting 
power, with one pair of miniature brass buffers, which 
ma.T be pr esse d to show the action. The mechanical 
action of these springs consists in one coil falling within 
the other until they assume a planular form. They are ca- 
pable of adaptation to any dMcription of railway plant. 

Conical buffer springs, without fittings. 

Tjnninat<ed laiiwav-carriage and waggon buffer and 
drawing spring, weighing 200 lbs. 

PiBSwigfir railway-carriage spring, with tension bar and 
dipa complete, weighing 127 lbs. 

Bailway goods van spring, with spear-point ends, and 
extra steel eoshion bearings, weighing 112 lbs. 

Mineral wi^;gon bearing sprinp, weighing 70 lbs. 

Regiaftared mineral and goods waggon bearing spring 
and <3ip. The improvement in this spring consists in its 
bearins from the centre, and thus bringing into action tiie 
whole length of the plates; the spring is adiso strengthened 
by having studs in the centre, instead of holes punched 
throng to hold the plates together; weighing 62 lbs; re- 
sisting power, 4| tons. 

Impivved railway-waggon bearing spring, with tension 
rods; intended to be used where great action is not re- 
quired, and to provide for the inequalities in the height of 
wa^^gons when loaded; weighing only 44 lbs., with 4 tons 
rritusting power. 

Specimens of engineering and machine files. 



23*> HuxLET, Heriot, k Co., Castie Street^ Long Acre 
— Inventors and Manufacturers. 

C'jok's patent self-regiilating stoves for attaching to 
brick flues, with new mode of controlling and preventing 
exceM of heat. Self-acting regulator, as used on Cook's 
{latent stoves. 

1-xxmomic gas stove for heating water or warming 
rooDiB. Uas stove with enclo«^ cockle, from which the 
products of combustion are carried away. 

Hydraulic stove, heated by gas, the cylinder containing 
water suited for small conservatories, Ac, or to place 
horixontally enclo8e<l in ornamental case. 

Ornamental candelabrum for gas, lacquered or-molu. 
Elizabethan chandelier for gas, designed by 3iair. Fancy 
chandeliers for gas, and ornamental bracket for gas, now 
dasigna. 

237 Jeakes, William, 51 Great Eitsseli Street — 

Inventor, D^igner, and Manufacturer. 

Improved ventilating stove grate, the heating surfaces 
of which are composed entirely of pure fire loam, the 
object being to prevent the decomposition or burning of 
the air. The air which feeds the fire is supplied fn)m 
an external source, and thus all draughts are prevented. 

Improverl grate for the chimney-piece, exhibited by 
Mr. Thomas, of Church Street, Paddington. 

238 Glenton 8c Chapman, 147 Xew Bond Strcd-^ 

Manufacturers. 

White marble statuary chimney-piece, with carved foot 
an^l trusses. 

Bright polished steel renter-stove, with rich or-niolu 
omaoients, in style of Louis Quatorse. 



Bright polished steel fender and fire- irons en mite. 
Improved portable vapour-bath, with cloak complete, 
in a japanned box. 

239 PRIDEAUX, Thomab Stmes, 2 Garden Itoad, 
St. John* 8 Wood — Inventor. 

Dwelling-house grate, consistiug of a simple .plan of 
feeding at the bottom, by which smoke is prevented, and 
economy attained. 

[Dr. Franklin designed a stove to turn on a centre, so 
that when requiring fuel it could be reversed, fed, and 
placed again in its proper position. The smoke from the 
fresh fuel, having to pass through the burning fuel above, 
was converted into flame. — S. C] 

Model of a patent steam-engine boiler, capable of sup- 
plying a great quantity of steam in proportion to its size 
and expenditure of fuel. 

Model of a patent machine for cutting agricultural 
drains in clay soils. Also adapted to land requiring 
minute subdivision. 



240 Butteblet, Richard, Greenhill, Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 

1. Patent Irish hook. No. 3, cast-steel blade, elastic 
back; rivetted. 

2. G. B. sickle, cast-steel. No. 4; coarse cut. 

3. Improved elastic sickle. Its lightness, strength, and 
elasticity have given it an advantage over every other 
kind of sickle, which has been fully proved. Exhibited 
for special inspection. 

4. Elastic cast-steel Andrew hook, large size, combining 
lightness and strength. 

5. Elastic cast-steel Kent sickle. No. 4; very light, 
with sufficient strength. 

6. Scotch sickle-hook, shear-steel. No. 0; cut to the 
point. 

7. Small grass-hook, universal. No. 0; shear-steel. 

8. Bright Russia sickle, elastic cast-steel. No. 2. 

9. Bean, or brushing hook, elastic cast-steel. No. 2. 

10. Kendal hook, Hhear-steel, No. 4. 

11. John Bull pickle, elastic cast-steel. Exhibited for 
its superior qualities, which have been tested by four 
years' hard serx-ice. 

12. The Tomlin shaped sickle, shear-steel. No. 4. 

13. Poland sickle, cast-steel, No. 1. 

14. Elastic cast-steel Philadelphia sickle. No. 5. 

15. Elastic cast-steel Yorrack sickle, No. 5. 

16. Shear-steel Hollander sickle. No. 1. 

17. Elastic cast-steel Windsor hook. No. 5; cut at the 
point. 

18. Elastic cast-steel elbowed Scotch hook, No. 3. 

19. Elastic cast-steel bagging-hook, No. G. 

20. Elastic cast-steel 28-iuch yowing-hook. 



241 Edwards, David Owkn, 5 Sydney Place, 

Bromfjton — Inventor. 

Patent "atmopyre" hoods, or artificial embers; they 
are made of porcelain; the gaH is introduced inUj the inte- 
rior, and esciiiH.»« through small i)erforation8 in the sides, 
l-50th of an inch in diameter, and when ignited, bums 
with a ]>ale blue fiaino, and emitting little or no light, 
in a few minutes the mass becomes red-hot. They thus 
constitute, when used in the aggregate, a solid fire. 

The iimer case, in which this artificisil fire is contained. 

An example of a complete atmopyre, adapted to the 
halting of apiu^ments. 

A, kitchen range of porcelain, adapted to bring into use 
the atmopyre hoods. 

[Chemists have long employed gas burnt in the manner 
described for the purposes of the laboratory on a small 
scale. By covering a cylinder of copjMjr with wire gauze, 
and discharging coal gas into tlie lower i>art so as to cause 
it to unite with a certain volume of atmospheric air, a 
gaseous mixture is produced, which bums over the wire 
gauze with a blue lambent flame. The perforated hoods 



Class 22.— GENEBAL HARDWARE, 
L. M, N. 0. 18 TO 20. & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, A P. 3 TO 29. 



of porceluD, io the invcmtion described, im the represen- 
tatirea of the chemiita' wire gouEe, with the ndvultage, 
for he^ldng pwpiMM, tltat they retun a portton of the 
heKt developed by the oombiution of the mixture of coal 
gu ukd air, which ia remarkably intenee. — R. E.] 

242 Wbithee t Chapman, IS Fmeluircli Bmldingi, 

70 3t. Jolm 3lrea, aad 11 Say Strttt, Chriatwtll 
— Haoufacturen. 
Buiiteied mill for grinding coKe, with anti-(Hotton 
wheel to cairy the fly-wheel, CoS^loill, of diflereot 

Universal ooni-crusher, for bniiung oata, barley, malt, 
beam, peaa, linaeed, &c. ; the same, with an ei^ thjII 
attached, to grind barley meal. 

Floor-mill, with Fnnch bean storea and dreesing 
machine for grinding and dressing flom: at one operation; 
Ae aatoe, with steelmill and dressing machine. 

Smoke-jack for roasting meat, ic. 

243 ForK,WiUAAM, Sc Bon. SO km Edgeiauv Ed., imd 

Oivce Faimdry, Li$XM Oroee — iDvantors and 
Hanufacturen. 
Patent double-action rare^r'^ atoves, omamented. 
Sectaon, showing the interaal anangements. 



noigeaDd siqnh eiatsm, hot doM^ staam 
kettle, tea-ketUe^ bath, ad Mh ■tsviL 

244 Cbook, Wua.UK, 5 CamabjiBtrmt — InTsntar and 

Hot plate, ovan and boiler, kitchen laaga, and inqtroracl 
□utaide movement smoka-jaok, with dan^ mOTsment 
and cradle spit. 

IUIoth' iitove; a larger number of Irons oan be heated, 
with a mnaller quantity of fiiel, and in lea* time than bj 
tba ordinary atove. 



245 CoiMBLL, T., Msasrs. FEETHUi*a, Clifford Stred, 
Bund Street — Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Model of a coining apparatoa, to be oaed aithar with 
ooal or gaa. Suitable 
eatablishmenta. 



r club-honaM and otliar lai^ 



247 BuxToir, Wiuuk Suidbl, 39 0^f<>^d at. 
and Hanobotuivr. 

New nautilus register stove. Fender, and 
piece for the same. See the cut below. 

Begiitered ornamental fenders. Sundry mata] 




Bunim't NhiiUi 
24B Wahsih^ Gsoboe, 16 Anmdtl Sfrwf— Inventor. 

Oss stove for oooking, made of fire-clay enamelled, 
which retains and radiates the heat and oauses a saving 
ofns. 

Qas bath for beating water sufficient for a large bath 
in ten minutes, at the coat of one penny. 



I R«fl«t«-4tav*. 

249 Onions, Jobh Colurowooi^ S3 Brailfijrd Sbtit, 
Birmiiigliam — Manufacturer. 
Pair of 42-ineh smith's bellows. Pair of 36-inch smith's 
bellows, with galvaniied iron woA. 

Improved pwlable forge, complete, with vice. 
House bellows, bney saUn-wood. Mahogany and 
jqumned bellows, different pattenu. 



INCLtmiNG LOOKS AND GBATE8. 
L. M. N. O. 1« TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 T 



250 CARinuoHT & HiBOHS, 138 & 139 Omit CAortn 
SIrttt, Bii mingkan — DeBgnerv and Mumfectunm. 
EUetiQ-platA on Oemikn ailver: — Wutar. Revalring 
liqiiciir-&Biiia. Antique cruet-Enune, mppoited by dol- 
pluDB. Cmrt&muia. 8a]»d or fniit-BtAixU. Butter- 
CDoIen. Sugv-baBknta. Egg-fnme. Inkitaud. Cake and 
fruit bMkrt. Card-b«keta. Small flower-itanda, &c. 



Tatu», Sakdel, IIT Sew Cinal Street, 
Bimimjh/Bn — Kanufiuttuter. 
■ of balloin, aa followa:— Alhambra, an- 
■hoganj, in red moroooo ; Chineae, maho- 
paj, Aiaancta birch, ba^j walout, in green morocco; 
pHt^traa, in pun moroeoo; and a fine article, in neat'a 
litfbir; with a common aiticlo, aduted for the export 
(•■de. 

252 I 



I, JoHX C, Mimnotdk Street, Sirmmgham — 
InTcotor. 

R « Birt «i<d WBter-domt, fitted in mahogany case to ei- 
hibit tbe woridng of the apparattu when &zsd. Cabinet 
watOT Blnaat, made of china and earthenware : manufno- 
turan, Haman. Bidgway & Co,, Cauldon Place, Stafford- 
■hire PMterif. 'Tbn »"""">^ out givM a reprtMBtation 




«a«"T 



Re)tiiil«red bran tap, CB|iabIe of hearing great preeaure 
irilhout leaking, 

Improred ihoe and ruund ralvve, with one Rnn^ in- 
M\tmii tif two, the weight and ball beinj; tapped oni) threodeil 
*» aa to admit of new leathering without removing the 

253 Aluut, Wm., 324 C/mtiMkn Hill, Birmmjham — 
Uanufacturor. 

Japanned bellowi, inlaid with pearl, with view nf tbe 
cathrdral of Kotre Dnme, Antwerp. Jagianued dunt- 
Wllom, with pearl flowers, Outhic shape. Funcy bellows. 
I'faamber bellowa, roeewood, oarred, anil French piiliBhed. 
Parlour belluwa, walnut, tumeil top. Miiliiigany bellows, 
with bniB pipe and nailii, French lAttem. Cominua 
kitctien belluwu. Fumirating, or spring bellows, used fur 
•ItvtriiyinK iiuects on plants, in gnnlens, hothouses, &c. 
Small ■Diitbs' I-ellowa, with galviuiizud nwls, made in tlie 
i>rii;liul London slyle. Ijunji Ih'IIuh-h. uh.iI for soldurinR. 

Suiall fancy lortoidoahell bellows, inliiid with pciu-1. 
Siiial! fancy bellows, tnrt&n pattern; one pair covered with 
HAtin. Hmall dust bellows. Butchers' bellows, iiseil in 
piilfing up loeat. Pair of bellows, maple wood, aculloped 
r^K'"- nir of S-l-inch round bellows, with fnmo com- 






Improved portable forge, with vico and hearth at- 



254 OBirFITRS, Tbonab F., 68 Bradford Street, 



Article* in tinned iron : — Teniaon diah and cover Mid 
Boup tureen and cover; stamped, no seam or biwing. 
Hot-water dish and cover, and spirit-lamp dish and cover. 
Hot-water vegetable diiibes and coveis; oblong dish- 
cover; oval-dome top dish-covers, and soup tureen and 
cover; no seam orhnzing. Oblong vegetable diah and 
cover, gadroon edge, Stamped hot-water plate; thft 
some with eorthem plate. Oblong tea-um. Bound 
lund cofiee-urn with Slter. Stamped tea 
didi-eoTW, 



le by hand. 



kettle. Plate-covers, and eitm large Albeit d 

Tinned iron tea and coffee servicea, Copper-tji 
cake and jelly moulds. Copper numlda made by hi 
Iron moulds, stamped. Rare and curious ir 
Tinned iron and copper sancepans, no seam or bming. 
Tinned iron candlesticks, limied iron, oopper, and 
brass funnels, l^nned iron flour-diadfjer, no leam or 
bluing, llnned iron tobacco box. 

Carets Hecla coffee-pots on stand, with spirit lamp, 
each bright and bronzed. Carey's Hecla, fbr the fire. 
llnned iron egg-cup. Rare and curious iron culinary 
goods, coated with gloss. Ornamented toilet servicea. 
Ornamented toilet vase, in iron. 

[This coating with gloss, a kind of enamel, is a French 
invention, and the powder of wbioh it is composed 
is imported; the article to be coated is gammed or uied 
over, Gm glaaa-powder duitad upon It, and by ezpoanra 
to heat, or a properly oonitructed oven or muffle, the 
whole is fused and coated. 

The specimens of iron stampings are peculiar, oa exhi- 
biting tbe ductility of the iron, and oertain improvementa 
in the mode of raising, which is aooomplished by pres- 
sure and repeated annealings. — W. C. A.] 



2o5 CoPK ft CoLUNW>N, Birmiagham, and 63 BerviA 
Stmt, Soho — Hanu&cturers. 

Specimens of castors for furniture, ss formerly mode ; 
and of Cope's first patent improveil castors, having three 
rollers working round an upright spindle, with n conical 
bearing. Specimen of patent round Bucket, and other 
custom having a cup-and-boll action, sepni^ied to show 
the parts. 

Complete sorios of socket and plate castors. Specimens 
of various fancy patent castors. 

A large plate-cnstor. uxeil for large dusting platforms. 

Windsor pivot-oaattir, having a pin or pivot action 
working downwards in a socket, open to show the prin- 
ciple. 

Series of patent movements for droBaing-glssses, with 
model, to show the application: tbe centres BTO iron balls 
working in jointed frames, snd tightened by a screw. 

Patent globular blind mountingH, with moitel: the 
action is a ball compressed in a moveable frame acted 
iilion by a set-screw, n-ith a clip-guide to keep the cord 
tii^ht while winding round the barrel or roller. 

Mudel, showing tbe application of a patent bodstond- 
bmce by a centre ncrew combined with a curvc<t wrought- 
- - ' - drawing the |>oets and mils firmly together; 



tbe 01 



side the fnu 






liogisterod music-stool screw, of which the 
ment consists in tbe screw being enclosed in a cane, me 
upper port of which is lined M-ith an elnstic material, 
white in the lower |nrt the nut is firmly fiiud. 

Registered Venetian blind, with ni'Klel. showing its 
application; it is wound up like a roller blind, with a 
rack and lever; when the lever is relcaseil it brings down 
a breiik on tbe roller. wLicb regulotas the action, and 
nreventH it from falling suddenly. 

Folding oiTiamental l^>sei fire-screens, with brackota U. 



fix to Iho I 



ill. 



nf diflcrenl 
with ilhistnitions t^ 
facture, from the ri 



sixes uf Home's patent butt hinges, 
show the diflorent stsgiw nf inanu- 
iigh.drawn metal to the finish: this 



622 



Class 22.-OENEBAL HARDWABE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 26 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



[Unitbd 



hinge being made from drawn metal, bj machinery, is 
true, and of uniform strength and thickness. 

Specimens of locks, hinges, springs, and iron work 
used in the manu&cture of pianofortes. 



256 RocKE, WiLUAM, Dudley — Inventor. 

Rails, ornaments, hinges of large size, cranks for engines, 
nails, burs or mits for screws, all cast from wrought iron 
scrap from the cupola of a foimdry, showing that any- 
thing cast from metals may be cast from wrought iron, 
and its quality for toughness retained. 

[The process of manufacture here alluded to is a patent 
invention of some importance. Hitherto malleable cast- 
iron has been produced by surrounding the articles with 
powdered iron ore, and exposing them for days to the 
heat of an annealing furnace. By the process here illus- 
trated, old rails may be remanufactured. — W. C. A.] 



257 Habooubt, William & Joseph, 209 Bristol Street, 
Birmingham — ^Manufacturers. 

Specimens of brass foundry used by bell-hangers, con- 
sisting of bell-levers, pulls, horisontal and quadrant, some 
newly designed. 

Specimens of brass and iron bell carriages, and of the 
cast iron registered bell carriage (the first made in iron). 
The improvement in the latter consisted in substituting 
wrought iron stands and plates with brass arms to increase 
its durability and protect it from rust. 

Purchase cranks with iron backs, &c. 

Specimens of door-handles, tea-bells, cornice-poles and 
ornaments, hat and coat hooks and castors, of new and 
ornamental construction. 

Vases in various styles: bronsse, electro-silvered, dead 
gold and relieved ; also fitted with improved spring igniter 
for lighting the vesta matches. 

Plain and ornamental brass boxes for holding vesta 
matches and wax tapers in various styles of finish. 

Plain three-quarter covered cornice-pole, moimted 
complete, with centre ornamented en suite with the 
bands and ends, and with Arrowsmith's patent damask 
curtains resembling cut velvet-pile. 



258 SoLLT, James, Leabrook Iron and Steel Works, 
Tipton, near Birmingham — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of English iron for conversion into steel; 
and of various kinds of steel; and articles of hardware 
and cutlery, made from the steel, namely: — 

Elliptic carriage spring; hand-saws and circular saw; 
files of various kmds. 

Bush chisels and gouges. Carving, dinner, and dessert 
knives. 

Scissors. Pocket and penknives of various kinds. 
Razors. 

These articles are specimens of steel and steel goods, 
made of English iron. 



261 Malinb, D., & Son, Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Brass window-cornices and ornaments. Poles, with 
ends, rings, and brackets. Curtain bands and pins. 
Finger-plates for doors, brass and japanned. 

[The rich dead gold-like colour given to brass work, 
and which has been introduced within the last thirty 
years, was discovered as the result of an accident. The 
work is first " scaled " (or roughly cleansed) by immersion 
in a weak solution of acid, it is then what is technically 
called "feassed," vis., the work passed through a stronger 
solution ; " deadening," follows, and this is effected by 
means also of acid, but of such a degree of strength 
that the action on the metal though recognisable is not 
of a violent kind; attention is necessary to this point, 
otherwise the work when finished will present a mottled 



appearance; it is now dried oat in saw-dust^ and is then 
passed through acid of ordinary strength and dipped into 
¥rater, of which there should always be an abundance at 
hand, imtil the acid be removed. The bright parts on 
the metal are produced by burnishing; gall is used in 
connection wiUi the steel burnishers to prevent their 
scratching, and the article to be burnished is from time 
to time plunged into ai^l and water. When finished 
from the ''burnisher," it is dried oat in boxwood saw- 
dust, and then lacquered. — ^W. C. A.] 



262 Gray, A, St Son, 9 Wenman Street, 

Manuiactureni. 

Highly polished steel fire irons, with engraved bomished 
steel pans, and diamond, octagon, and hexagon cut; 
twisted, fluted, and scolloped shanks; with cnt steel, or- 
molu, bronzed, silvered, and gilt, Chkia, glass, pearl, and 
ivory heads. 

Standards for fire irons; with octagon, hexagon, and 
twisted pillars, and horns varied in steel and or-molu. 

"Pokerettes;" with octagon, sexagon, and twisted 
shanks, and cut steel grips. 

Coal vase tongs; with octagon, sexagon, and twisted 
shanks. 

[Fire irons are produced by foiging out of square bars 
of iron; the swells and other omamimtal parts are formed 
by means of "swages^** m MCi of mcmld, one portion of 
which is placed on the anvil, while the other is held by a 
" willow twists in the hand, and struck with a hammer 
until the form desired is arrived at; certain parts are then 
filed; the roimd portions are tonadin a latiie. The 
articles are caae-bardenad by laying them in an iron 
box, and covering than with animal charcoal, formed of 
burnt leather, hooft, fte. ; the whole is subjected to the 
operation of a fire or atawe imtil heated to a uniform red 
heat ; the box and ita contents are thereafter taken out and 
pi unged into water. Polishing succeeds, which is done by 
holding the article against a wheel, to the dmimference 
of which emery is attached by means of glue ; another 
wheel or " bob," with finer emery, gives a hi^ier degree 
of finish, and the final and brilliant polish is given by 
hand-friction with powdered iron-stone. The more highly 
wrought qualities, in which squares, angles, or cuttingB 
are introduced, are, alter filing, finished on a soft-metal 
wheel ; the twisted varieties are produced by the forger, 
who, when the metal is heated, twists it into a screw or 
spiral ; the pans of the shovels, &c., are fbrmed bj the 
stamp, and perforated by the press; the omamenti and 
studs are produced also by the stamp; they are aft«rwirds 
groimd and polished on a soft-metal wheel; and handles 
of China, glass, bronze, pearl, &c., are oocasioiially intro- 
duced.— W. C. A.] 



263 Hands, John, Prospect Bow, BirminghaM — 

Manufiurturer. 
Specimens of ornamental stamped braas-fSoundrx; oor- 
nice pole ends. Curtain bands; registered designs. Fhi« 
ger plates for doors. Pins for curtBdn supports. Orna- 
ments for cornices and other purposes. Onaments for 
watch hooks. Holders for bell ropes and ribbons. Fnmea 
for miniatures or pictures. Coffin ftimiture; real gilt; 
plated; brass; and improved black, ftc. 

[Brass is a composite metal, ita base being o(^per, the 
addition of zinc, in various proportions, truiafonning it 
into a yellow metal. It is very ductile, and is capablo of 
being dmwn into wire, flattened, or laminated faito aheeta, 
the latter operation being effected by means of rolls, which 
are propelled by machinery. It is in this state that it is 
usedby stamped brass-founders. Stan^pedbraM-fimndiyia 



INCLUDINO LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. IH TO -'O, & 25 Tii 27 ; O. 9, * P. 3 to 29. 



«uuof> "matrix, or die," * "reTene,"uii] 
• *tunp. "Hw "die," formedof steel or cast-iron, is fixed 
bjfour icrewi to the bottom of the stamp; the "reveme 
iiattrlied to the banunar. Pieoea of thin braiu are m 
lasted and oat to aiw. One of which ia laid on the die ; 
tba liMiuiH>r ia releaaed, ajid the "revene," which ia at- 
tadied Ihseto, falls with it, and foroea the thin metal 
bIo the matrix. It ia then annealed: some alight altera- 
tioD ia made in the "nverae," by meuis of which it im- 
ffLaaija more deeply, by its action from behind, furcea the 
thin plate into the die, and thereby copiea accurately all 
the daitaas maAed therein. Repei^ annealing^ fallow, 
■Dd in many instances twenty or thirty blows are given 
befix* tlM article ia "brought up." The nature of the 
openrtiiwi procludea undercutting. All portions of the 
" larara*" must be tapering ; the die muat also bo the 
■me. Qtotralar artiolea are stamped in halvee and 
■oldMVd together thereafter,— W. C. A.] 



264 LlltOAKD, a., 67 .''aw nai, Sirmmgham— 
Hanuhcturer. 

lUoDt doretail lock, having one solid bolt working in 
a dovetail slide, with Uie lock uid tumblers themselvee in 
the bcdt, reduciiig the several parts of a lock into but twu 
leading onea, via., the boK and frame ; the dovetail, like 
■ ndge, keeps bolt and &ame inseparable, allowing it 
■till oompiete action. The key, though small, acts as 
well aa a brgs one, and gives equal security, 

ht<ait dovetail lock, ahowing the action when fitted. 

Ttiliisliiiiil air-Tent cock : when the plug is turned on 
Ibr u« pnipoas of drawing liquor, the air enters the 



into tlw hanel, ci 



nss 



Mtbsliqao 



>w, rendering a ' 



□ gold, nlver plate, British plate, 



2flr> AuTB, Felix, .T Km 
Inve 



r, Albany Sired- 



ftpecimeos of a new art, calleil metnllncraphy, ivhich 
eoniiiiit« in printing nn<l omaiacnting luiy kiuil of inutnllic 
aurhcaa, so that briifht tetters or omaiiianbt iipin-'iir ns 
though they were inloirl upon a dark, culnurud, or woihI- 
like oiirfice. This i» eCTecteil bv two diflvrctit proceMW. 
tbp niM, electro -chciiiiiiil, aiid tlio otlieir, cbeniiuil; .iji]>li- 
cs)-ie til the paiiitiiii; i>f orilinnry iiiKcri]it)"nf, niuneii r>r 
rtnvt*. door-pUteii. ship-front*, wgn-lioards, sliow-bilU, 
$K.-. and for printing illuHtntiiius from woo<l-cut eii- 
envingi. niapa. and any ornamental [>rinting. 

A xinc bowd, with an ornamental border, and an in- 
Kri|iti<>n in the centre. Table of line, omaiiientfd. 

Zinc an-l lirass omamenteil tulies, for ciirnico pnles. 

Zinc |>tali», printed fnim wood-cut enjjmviuKK. 

Itnanl covered with tinsel, containing tho wuiilii " pro- 
viiiionally reeistered." 

ThrM working models of machiiicH for Bmnnthing. 
pluiing. burnishing, nod omiuiieiiting idicels, lani. mid 
IuImv of metal or wooil. Various H|Hi-i[iieiu |K'Tfi>nii<->l 
hj the Hiite machiucs upm im-tids mid wihhI, Tlie 
aU'tr inVfUtions an; provijiionally n-Kii-teri'd in <imit 
Britain uhI Ireland, uul pateiib^d in Knmco and Ik-l- 

■IM WrLHra, J.. Fi.i..mtih'W< M.it.nri.-tnnT, 

."Hn iinmo "f IcK-omotiii' and ri.:u-iiii. li.iil.T IuWk. 
Rrw aiul copjier pw IuIhw, nnd »ir.>. Sb.S'l biiuw, 

2ri7 Biau, A.. /.-■>n.;.i.;A.i..i -InvriHor. 

Hy<)r.Mtatic Mvphon wBter-piiririer, iiiteiuh'd to Iw 
iipil>pi>i into any ri-»icl containiuc water, imd tlic pipe 

■yiph'in. The following cut n.-pn'«.'nta tUis piiiiticr in 




The Victoria night-light — may be used like candle ; it 
bums twenty hours, and emits no smoke. This night 
light is shown in the following cut. 




OM'i Victoria N'ight-li(U, 

2C8 WiNTOM & Sons, 53 CIrrelmd SIrett, nirmingham— 
Inventors and Manufectureta. 

Spoons, &c., in electro-plate, ivory, and pMtrl; some of 
new di»i>^. Improved tiime<l-tron Hi)ount), eihibttod for 
qunlity, form, and cheapness. 

Kkewem, IiuIIih, shoo-Iifts, &c, Tai>s, cocka, joioto, &c., 
in lii'aHn and other metals. 

Tablets nnd name platw, of new material and manu- 
facturo. Freeman's lecture tablet. 



2(i!) SxriB, Thomas IIfjirv, 20 Braver St., Golden Sqann 
— 1 H'signer and Mnnufucturer. 

Stiive omnnient fur the summer season, intended tii 
Hiijicrseiletbe use of |>ap«r, enclosing tlie stove, but allow, 
iiig free ventilation. It can also bo used where fire is 
not ru[|iiired, and mndu air -light by the insertion of plain 
glfl«.. 

Design for n centre ornament for a ceiling (forming tho 
i-tju-of the Order of the Clartor), coui|iosed of upwards of 
live thoiisoiiit jiostago stani|>ii. 





tret, r.inn 


nqA™— 






Manufact 








Tinnwl wro 


ight 


inm ciilina 


ry ut.-nsil» 




..tmc; 




able l».lle. ski.ii 


nor, meat fork, 








lasting la,l 








Tinned wn> 


I'ht- 






vatj> 




uli-luuid b^u 














rged 


japann«l » 


ood-luuidle 




V sliov 



mx-r ]>.'U-lour coai-^lnnr..!. Str..nfi forKod kilcli.'n 
liovcl. lialvaninil iron socki't uiiuiiirt.' bowl. 
I'tMiglit iron inciting ln<llu for plumU-rK; i<itcli, or 
iug tnlle. 
Tiiincil BTought-iron cook's liullfs, with Oat sido, for 



-hi,, 

liook> 
Till 
W-itiug spoons. 



rl gnlvoninxl sail thiniblee, and shiji's 
if^ht'iron timnen'a furuitiiru, and table nnd 



624 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



UXITED 



[ThiB oolleotion of useful articles is manufactured of 
wrought iron, and is produced by the ordinary methods 
of hammering, swageing, &c. The three methods are 
here shown by which such utensils or fittings are pre- 
served, viz., tinning, galvanizing, and japanning. The 
first process is effected by pickling the iron to be tinned 
in a weak solution of oil of vitriol, which removes the 
scales; it is thereafter dipped in sal ammoniac and resin, 
and immersed in a bath of melted tin, which adheres to 
and forms a protective coating. The so-called galvanizing 
.process, viz., coating with zinc, is effected in a similar 
way; the iron is cleansed, and after the same course of 
proceeding, is immersed in a bath of zinc metal. Japan 
is applied with a brush, and the article thereafter is stored 
to dry.— W. C. A.] 

271 Hickman & Clh-e, 34^ Wiiliam Street North, 
Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Coffin furniture, consisting of inscription-plates, handles 
and plates, head, foot, and other ornaments. 

Coffin furniture is produced by pressure from thin 
plates of metal in dies formed of cast iron or steel. 

273 Shenstone & Mills, 25 Mary Arm Street, 
Birmingham — Proprietors. 

Specimens of polished fire-irons, locks, chest handles, 
snuffers, percussion caps, &o., as illustrations of cheapness. 

Embossing presses for stamping receipts and other 
purposes. Copying presses. 

Metallic tokens, checks, address cards, and labels. 
These metallic tokens and address medals are used by 
tradesmen as an advertising medium. Vesta and other 
brass boxes. Samples of embossed and coloured en- 
velopes. 

Case of knives and forks, paper knives, &c., vnih. 
deers' and fawns' feet handles. 



274 MoOBE, Paul, & Co., Great Lister Street, 
Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Brass stop butt hinges. Brass hinges for cabinet, 
building, pianoforte, and ship purposes. 

German silver and embossed electro-plated hinges for 
ornamental articles of furniture, whether of timber or 
papier mach^. 

Kolled ^eet brass slit, showing process of making plain 
and embossed wires. 

Brass locomotive tube. Brass and cased tube. Brass, 
copper, and iron wire, round and square. Tinned iron 
wire. Wire for horticultural purposes. 

Rolled brass, latten brass, and brass polished on one 
side. Pattern brass sash bars. 



275 HoBNE, Thomas, Cleveland Street, Birmingham — 
Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Collection of hinges for the South- American market, 
and for general purposes. 



276 WoLVERSoar, Edwin, 2 AMhton Terrace, Birminghai 

Inventor and Manufacturer. 
Secure lock, with an improved detector, and a new 
combination of levers. If the levers are moved by a fedse 
key, the new detector is thrown, the bolt becomes im- 
moveable, and the combined levers assume a position 
which renders it impossible to open the lock except with 
the right key. It is said this lock cannot be picked. 

277 Jones, R., & Sons, Birmingham — Manufiioturers. 
Specimens of cork-screws. 



278 Rowi£T, Charixs, Newhalt Street, Birminghai 

Manufacturer. 
Patent and registered articles : — Shawl pins, shirt studs, 
brooches, and dress-fiBsteners. Liveir, naval, and military 
buttons, showing the devices and shields for officers; also 
the belt-plates and sword furniture used in the British 
naw. 



Wire-loop brace-buttons and eyelet-holes, which, from 
their construction, prevents the cutting of the thread bj 
which they are fiustened. 

Whip and stick handles, with an ever-pointed pencil- 
case introduced. 

[Buttons of this kind are produced by eutting out the 
blimks from rolled metal; they are concaved by stamp, 
the eyes are soldered on, they are then cleansed, gilt, and 
burnished; the impression is given by means of m die 
attached to a stamp, which completes the manufiictare. 
— W. C. A.] 



279 Twioo, G. & WiLUAM, Summer HUl, 

Manufaieturers. 

Specimens of buttons, plain, tacj, gilt, plated, for 
livery, military, naval, and sportinff piu^xwes. Glove and 
brace buttons. Fancy mounted glass inA. pearl buttons. 
Steel brooches and buttons. Shirt studs. 

Registered fastener for boas, victorines, mantles, gar- 
ters, &c. ; and dress pin fastener, with slide spring, to 
secure a shield on the point of the pin. 



280 Williams, Thomas, Helttane — Inventor. 

Model of an iron safe. The novelty is the introdue- 
tion of water round every part of the inner case. The 
construction of the joint for conveying the water to the 
outside door from the body of the safe is also new. 

Model of an axle for a carriage, with box complete, 
having a hollow perforated arm to the axle which saper- 
sedes the wells to the usual oil -boxes; the oil can be 
supplied quickly at any time, and, from the arm being 
perforated, the oil is equably iised. 



281 PiGGOTT & Co., St. Paufs Square, Birmingham^ 

ManufSacturers. 

Specimens of naval, military and livery, plain, frocy 
gilt, and plated buttons. Glass buttons in great variety. 
Chased and enamelled studs for shirts, &c, Bronaed 
sporting and other buttons, suitable for coats. link and 
tag buttons, for foreign markets ; four-hole metal buttona 
for trousers. Medals, coat links, gilt and plated fimtenera 
and slides for dresses. Buttons suitable for ladies' and 
children's dresses. 

The naval, military, livery, gilt, plated, and other 
buttons, are made with the exhibitors* improved riveted 
and soldered back and shank, which will neither break off 
nor become loose, and lb therefore of great importanoe for 
all buttons which are required with foist shanks. 



282 Hammond, Turner, & Sons, Snow Hill, 
Birrmngham — Manufacturers. 

Cases of various descriptions of naval, militur, sporting, 
and club buttons, gilt, plated, bronsed, &c. The sporting 
buttons in the centre of these cases depict the varioas 
national sports of Europe. 

The centre button exhibits a bust of Queen Viotoria, 
executed by W. Wyon, R. A. , and arranged round it are 
the sporting buttons before mentioned, on which are por- 
trayal fox hunting, deer stalking, boar hunting, hull 
^hting, bear hunting, wolf hunting, and chamois hunt- 
ing. In the squares around, are arranged a variety of 
chased, enamelled, kc, buttons for veste; and the large 
figure of a diamond is composed of numerous descrip- 
tions of livery, club buttons, &c. 

Selection of fancy gilt buttons, suitable for dress coats. 

Assortment of bronzed sporting buttons, both in 
simple and fimciful designs. It is usual to have each 
button of a different pattern to compose a set fbr a ooat; 
a large number of expensive dies are required to produce 
a variety. 

A complete variety of peari buttons. This article 
demands considerable skill and praotioe on the ^art of 
the artizan; and is now one of ^pneai imporfetnoe m the 
button trade, employing in Birmingham, where they are 
almost exclusively manufiMTtured, upwards of 2000 pain 
of han<ls. 



KiKGDOM. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



625 



[The moiher-of-pearl shell is, as is generally known, 
obtained by divers from the bottom of the ocean; and is, 
in facty the oyster in which the gems, usxially called 
pearls, are found. The best description of white mother- 
of-pearl shell, are found in the East Indian and Chinese 
Seas, and are brought to market chiefly at Manilla, 
Singapore, and Botavia. The black shell is a peculiar 
ipeoieay found in the ¥raters of the Pacific among the 
Polynesian islands.] 



283 Aston, Wquam, Prmsep Street Works, Birmingham 

— Manu&cturer. 

Florentine buttons, black and coloured; finished by 
steam machinery. Improved Florentine buttons, with 
silk backs. Linen and Holland buttons. Covered but- 
tons, in silk, satin, and various materials, coloured. Up- 
holstery buttons, in leather, horsehair, chintz, moreen, 
worsted damask, tabaret, and figured satin. 

Series, illustrating the manufacture of buttons. 

[In the yearly consumption of material arising from 
the manufacture of covered buttons in a single factory, 
the subjoined quantities of the various textile and metallic 
substances are iised. In the works, 400 individuals are 
engaged; they are principally women, assisted by chil- 
dren, skilled workmen being employed to correct the 
tools and construct the machines. In 1850, were con- 
sumed as follows : — 

Yardf. 

Of 3-4 Florentine lasting 47,865 

Lion skin and woollen cloths .... 162 

Vesting fabrics 398 

4-4 Irish linen - 3,011 

Figured velvets and satins 693 

aiks 2,126 

Black and coloured satins 1,182 

Black and coloured silks and velvet.-* 1,017 

Sundries 20n 

Strong canvaa 2»>,r)87i 

Silk for silk backs :\,'u9 

\^Tut« linen drill 1,471 J 

Of best charcoal iron weighiiiK per 

superficial foot 4 to 5 oz .514,000 ft. 

Of button-board (paste-board) . . . 33,.1<»1 Iba 

r.5/H>0 gross of iron brace-buttons were 
made from 2 ton of iron, in measure 
equal to sup. ft. 32,6.38 

23,0<K> grosA were also made from braAs and 
mixtures of copper and plated metal. 

In light steel torys, viz., buttons, clasps, and 
fasteningH for ladies' dresses, were consumed 
up^-ards of .5 tons of sheet steel. 

When the cutting-out of the {varts is performed by hand, 
one-third of the material goes to waste, owing to the 
circular form of all parts of the button. In this case, 
however, it is perfonne<l by machinery, which effects a 
very great saving of material. Fifteen machines are em- 
ployed. They are automatic, and work well. — W. ('. A.] 

Shell suspender and gaiter buttons, in japanned iron, 
silvered brass, silver and gold plate ; with specimens of 
patent buttons suitable for great coats. Solid suspender 
and gaiter buttons, in japanned iron and silvered bnuis. 
with holes countersunk on both sides. Japanned iron 
shell jet and steel buttoii«. Tlujse articles are new, some 
being a half, and the others an entire ball of hollow 
steel, cut in various shapes, and polished. Steel dress- 
fasteners and ornaments, plain and fancy cut. 

[The light steel toy-trade, which includes buttons, cla**ps, 
fastenings, brooche**, &c., and which has been revived with 



profit within the last few years, is entitled to a brief note. 
The articles are cut out from sheet steel; they are curved 
by a stamp, and perforated by small tools fitted into a 
press; the small eyes and fittings for attaching pins are 
soldered on; they are case-hardened, and tempered in oil, 
the reflecting surfaces being cut into ornamental arrange- 
ments by soft metal wheels with emery and oil. They 
are next fastened on a revolving table, and a hard bmah 
with emery upon it, is worked in a horizontal direction : 
a finer degree of polish is given with a softer brush and 
iron-stone powder; final brilliancy is given by putty 
powder and the palm of the hand. The cutting of these 
surfaces is a matter of taste, and depends much upon 
the art of the workman. — W. C. A.] 



284 Hardman & Illife, 38 Netohall Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturer. 
Buttons, medals, hooks and eyes. The buttons include 
Florentine, silk (hand -made), patent linen, registered 
coat attachers, gilt and plated dress, military and naval. 



285 Neal & ToNKS, 13 Great Charles Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturers. 

Real stone and fancy glass buttons, for waistcoats; and 
for ladies' and children's dresses. 

Shirt studs in glass, pearl, ivory, and jet. 

Coat loops in stone and fancy glass. 

Ladies' glove bands and bracelets. 

Horses' bridle rosettes in fancy cut glass. 

[Real stone buttons are formed, as their names indicate, 
from natural substances, cut and polished by the ordinary 
process of the lapidary. They are drilled with copper 
tools, revolving rapidly in a lathe fitted for the purpose, 
and the tool from time to time touched with emery and 
oil. Fancy glass buttons are made by ** pinching." The 
glass is heated. A pur of plycr-like instnmients, with the 
fonn of the button sunk in intaglio, is used to give the 
form, and the process consists in introducing the melted 
glass, and pressing the two parts together, when a button 
is produced. In some cases the eye is introduced into the 
interior of the glass at the time the button is made; in 
othei-s, a hole is pinched in the button, the eye introduced, 
and rivetted with a small collar on the surface, which odds 
to the ornamentiil appearance of the fj\stening. Other 
varieties of glass buttons are ma<le by taking sheets of 
coloured glass, the back of which has been ** quickened" 
(coated with lead), in the manner of silvering, cutting it 
into small squares, equal to the diameter of the button ; 
the comers are taken off* by clipj)ing. The l>ack of this 
variety is fonned of met^l, cut out in the manner of 
"blanks," to wliich the eye is soldered by hard solder; 
the glass is heated, the "quickening" melt«d, the metal 
back al^o being tinned and heated, the two pails ai-e placed 
together, and a junction is effected by the ordinary a<Ihe- 
sive properties of the solder. The button is finished by 
grinding the edges, surfaces, &c., and like cuttings are given 
by the ordinary gla.ss cutting and polishing process. (ilaMs 
rosettes, for sarldling puriK>ses, are produced in the same 
way. The two colours lu-e given by cutting through the 
coating of coloured glass to tlie colowrlesH flint glasn, 
which fonurt the foundation. W. C. A.] 

2H() ChaTWIN, J., Sc SiiNS. OJ & ^:\ dn-.ti Charles Strcc*, 
liximi't.jhnn) — Manufacturers. 
Samples of buttons — silk, fancy, and plain; patent 
braided edge, rich velvet, &c., with specimens illustrative 
of the process of making. By this process a covered silk 
button, with a strong woven braid or edging, is made with 
less than half the silk formerly requii-ed. A selection of 
fancv, gilt, patent electro-plated, and patent linen buttoni. 



Glass 22.— GENERAL HARDWABG, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27; 0. 9, & P. 8 t 



UphoUtereiV Uld coachmaken' nalla for funtiture, 
oc>T<a«d in the naoe way aj> covered buttona. A selection 
of black and white pearl buttons; bronce, fancfglaaa, and 
Coz'a patent horn buttoDB. 



287 BtNKa, EdwaUv Sirmmgham — Hanufaoturer. 

Hotber-of-pearl Bhells uaed in the maaufactnre of 
buttoui. Mother-of-pearl buttons, for htdies' dreasea, 
gmtlemen'a overcoats, coats, vwts, shirts, &c. The 
material is bom the Qulf of Pema and other places, in- 
doding the Sooloo Islandi, the shoree of which afford 
the Uu^^ and finest jet discovered. 



288 Fbubbon, Jobn, Om Slrtet, Birmingham — 
Proprietor and Maniiiacturer. 
Hooks and eyat to fasten ladies' dreBses, &c. 



290a Loho, JoaiPH & Jamks, ft Co., 20 LittU Totxr 



Patent curvilinear window blind pniley , by wliicll tba 
cord can be n^ated to it« proper point irf tr — '— 
without its slipping back or ' 



IT being Bttajned too tight. 



291 PbILUPS, Ebmst, lie Unitt Strmt, Birmaigiait— 

Muiubcturer. 

Gold and idlver guard cluuns, broodiea, bracelets, Ao. 



Sheldon, J., 55 Great Hampton Srtet, B in ni^ia* 



BivMtnbury, Zomini^-InTOitoraiidHana- 
faoturer. 
Gold ever-pointed pauSit, with solid gold monnta, aet 
with real Btonee, and ornamented with varietisa of roaa 

Gold ever-pointed pencilcass, engiaved irith Hsr 
Hqestf's arms quartered with H.R.H. PrioM Albert's, 
the top of the pencil surmounted with the royal crown, 
set with ruby; this case contains an aver-poilited pencil, 
penholder, toothpick, half-sover«gn gauge, a letter and 




INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N, 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO a? ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



KuiUr miiioltsa in silver, ulectru-plnted, anil oickel 
'oItot of vviuuB atylu, with balutoee itcuuratelj graduated 
fur nnoua k&Ih olpott^, coiiu, &o. 

The founbuii uiiuic-writer, iu alectro-plated aud nickel 
■ilnr, lor nudung crotchet t>r quaver duU with speed, 
unUmai^, and aocumc;; with a petduilder, 

BotbI Albert pocket requiaitai, an ever-puinted pencil, 
jttmbiMar, and penknife, in silver and electro-plated. 

fiilTar ringla and double Bplral cvor-puintitd pencils: 
elongating orteleKope pen and pencil; nnd sliding penciU. 
tlwliiill nlrar aTar-nunted pencilii and penaxw. 

Bd^oldan in lUTer and electro -platu, mounted ou 
•boo;, iToty, paarl, and porcupine-quill hnndlea. 

Fo^ct eaentoiiw, loadu of a tuutallic body covered 
with laatber, ODDtaining n lutter balance, with pettholdar, 
inkatand, atael peiu, and other ueeFul articles. 

ITUrtrn pUtnfl and nickel -silver spoons, forke, ladles, 
tmttar-kniTei, Ssb-carveis, augar-tongH, meat-BkewerB, 
ftc, in plain, fiddle, threaded, and Victoria patterns. 

Elactra-plated and nickel-silver snuff, tobacco, and 
ptpe-boies, pipe-cawis, &c. Silver, electro- platod, and 
Dlckel-ailver fusee-boiea. Brass uud japuiued pipe oud 
tobacco-boiea, and tobacco pipe-caaes, &c., in varioiu 
■tjlea. 

[The olaas of artictea bare deaorihed eiliibite one of the 
pacnliaritiea of the Birmingham trade, viz., the variety of 
dillvent manipulating operations earned on at one moBu- 
Eactory, and the attempt to adapt the articlea pruduuad 
to ■ grwt variety of different purposes. Pockot escri- 
toire*, containing within the sise of on ordinary pocket- 
bwA all tlia Ti.jtji-ial. for correH)>ondeuce, pens, ink, 
paper, wxfers, &c., praeunt a curious contmist witb the 
Hme claaa of articles iu use a few j-eara ago. The 
introduction ot Oemian silver has materially facilitated 
the pmdoctiDn of the siooller class of nrticlen, such as 
pcpeileaica, penholders, ke, Fencilcasea are formed of 
mandiil-dnnn] tubea, that is, tubes which ore drawn 
through a staol hole, and their eitemnl diameter sup- 
ported by a steel maudril. This is cut to thu UDCiMKor]' 
Irugth, audadomc4l externally by engine- turning ursouje 
other [irvceas. In ever-pointed peocilcases (which have 
nuw slmuet eutimlj superseded the older kindj, the 
fitting of the magazine at the top, the combination which 
pniducea the ever-pointed action, gircs euiployinent to 
many artizaua.— W. C. A.] 



Silve 



LLE.'t, F., flu-muytiift— Monufactur 
id gilt filigree work. 



2114 GooDB 4 Bound, a* St. /'<ii^a tfiiLur, 

7(il■".t'nl;*^«^— Manufacturers. 
Pittems of guimi-chaioB, bracelets, All>ert chaii 
nn-kljces, broc>cheii, sod rings. 

Specimens uf juwellery, cluuus, &c., uuuiufoctured from 
the niw malerisl. 

tjauuplcH in the rough and subsequent Htitgea, 
Hpei-iiuens of bloud-ittone, slit by a self-outiug ntacbin 
[Hlittiug uf stones i* effectwl by menus of a disc of soft 
inin callul a slicer, which revolves very rnpidty, and is 
iH-uuiunitlly toucbe'l witb duktuond-<lutt, Tliis exhibits 
Ihr itLTidoi lit a. soft Hiiliatviee ciittinc a hard oue, . 
•teel tile is readily cut by n soft metid disu, — W. C. A,] 



2\'j S>iTn, Kexi-, & Wright, IfiTi llrierh, l 

Jlin,.miA I III! — MiLniifactiirers. 

Buttona of gold, iiilver. copjier, biasH, i 



■cctWtil. 

, tin, lon>l, 
. -"^ gilt bj 

mercuiy and electricity, euoiiiulled, silvuruil, InaiuenHl, 
bronaed, and ja[ianDed, black inother-of-jHinrl shell, whitr 
ni"ther-of-pearl shell, green ear shell, and grceu suoil 
shell. 

Rcgisteml shirt studs, gold, kiItcf, )^lt, pcnrl chnaed, 
coamelleil, and engrsred; also oompnaed in diOerent pro- 



portions of most of the materials enumerated and dealg- 
uatad run-buttons, being made of several pieces as con- 
centric rings, so &8t«ned and held together as to fontf 
one huttou. 

[The old iuetho<l of gilding ia diatinguiahed fromUW 
electro process, by the gold used in the operation bein^ 
reduced to an ouuUguu by means of mercury, whieh 
readily unites with the gold, and fonna' the gilding mix- 
ture. The buttons to be ^t are placed in a pan, aomP 
of the amalgam introduced, and sufficieot nitric aoid 
living sprinkled upon them in order to remove any eitt* 
oxiiUtion ; the acid, and lastly the an w lgat n , ia diSbsod 
over the whole of the metal to be gilt, and the fumes, of 
the mercury are ev^uratad by h«t. — W. C. A.] 



29l> Waltebs & Stonb, 28 Ludgatt Hill, UirBiinffliaia 
— Mouufacturen . 

Lady's mausoleum ornament. Utauk ornaments, w 
broochui. &c. 

tThateUine, brilliantly aet, containing devices. Sic., 
furmed with human hiiir. Human hair worked as brace- 
letji, &c. 

Ladies' brilliant finger-rings, each forming a Gnger-ring 
AUd on anulct. Brilliant, mounted as a gentleman's 
finger-ring, piu, and stud. Mounted medals. 



297 BlODLB, JoHH, 23 Yicloria Street, Binniiyham 
^Manu factu rer. 
Seals, penholders, lettur-clipa, buuk-dnsps, and monnt- 



298 P*B»BH & AcoTT, 5* BHerl^ Street Wett, 
fiiniiirkjAiirii— Man ufacturers. 
Gold and silver pencils and penholden, of vori 
kinds. Gold tooth-picks, seals, imd keys. 



other Biwcbicl 

Ct'uutjipb under a glusR nhode, " to thu late Sir Robert 
Peel," oihibited as a ajiecimeu of workmanship in the 
black omiuuout trade. 



300 AllE-v & MooHE, :ia & m lln-.il JLimpton Row, 
/Ju-mwj/iuni— Designers nnd Manufiictureni. 

Vesta nmicb-botea; cigur boxm. Taper-stands and 
)au)[i«; and other loucy articles in metal. 

Case of medals:— Head ot Prince Albert, and riew of 
the Exbibitiou building. Duke of Cambridge, and 
OovemiMset!' Asylum. Frederick Von Schiller. Jenny 
Liud, Cavnignoc. Louis Nu]Kilcon. Heads, from Da 
Vinci, Schotfor, &c. 

Metal buttons: — Ifavnl, military, livery, spiirting, 
fancy, four-bute, and glove buttonu. 

[Vestu Boxes, Medals, and Medul Making.— A new 
bmuch of niauufocture has been called into ciisteuce by 
the introiluction of thu luciter-matcb , Tiie s.|unre paiier 
nnd the round timber box have given place to an elegant 
metallic ease used for the purpose of containing the 
■■ Vciitn innttbes." The uiihIo of production nuiy bo thus 
dewrilieil: — n nmndril-ilruwn tulio is taken oiul cut into 
lengths iu a latho; a ]xirtion is tumeil down or reduced 
to lit the lid; this is revenied, and tbu ondnith its rough 
durfaeu ogaitiHt whidi the nuitch is to be rubbed iu order to 
pnicure n li(;bt, is checked, iu. The poi-tion of tube which 
fomiH the lid is now taken, placed upon a chuck, and the 
heul or cover is checked hi, after the maimer of the 
bottom. For curtain varieties, a small socket is used to 
hold ttio tai>cr, which is nutted into the lid; other varie- 
ties ore fittwl witb B|iring)i, into which the malcb is stuck, 
the simple attempt at removal producing ignititm, Tha 
is eSMted by coaling tha brass nitli a 



Clabs 22.— general HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20. & 26 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



tmupareut Tunuh or Uoquer of variaua coloiin, which U 
-out throu^ in a wriM of line*, di^l&ying floral or scroll 
-daviceaby meaiu of an embosaingiimclLiiifl. Thia machine 
■omewhat rsaemli]«s a pantograph; — a e<flinder of steel 
upon which the pattern ii engraved ia placed ao ai to act 
.againat the and of a long rod, the other extremitj' of which 
cuts anaj the lacquer oo the braas box. Thus in sn iu- 
gttiious manner the pattern on the steel cylinder ia re- 
produced upon the match box. Cigsr-caaes and taper- 
Manda, with magaziDee or receptacles to hold matches, 
cigars, and tapers, are Dow produced in immense numbtira 
b; the IBiDe proaeia of mauufiuiture. 

Ths Industrial Exhibition of 1831 haa called into 
requisition, among others, the skilled labour of the me- 
dalliit die-einker. Aa a oonaequeDCs, medals of all kinds 
and prices am being produced. A medal die is thus 
formed: — Steel of a uniform texture and suitnble kind 
being selected, it ia forged, Boftened hy annealing, and 
the fikce and check for the ':o\iaT turned. The design 
approved of, the die-ainker proceeds to out away those 
parts of the greatest depth by meana of small chisels; the 
more minute detaila are taken out by gravera, chiael- 
«dged, and gauged steel tools fitted into wood handles, 
very short, and to fit the palm of the hand. Aa the 
work proceeds, proots ore taken in wax: when defective 
5n form, the cutting is corrected, and if deficient in 
relief, it is sunk deeper. It will, of course, be borne in 
mind that what will be relievo in the medal is intaglio 
in the dye. The inscription is introduced by means of 
■mall letter-punches. Than follows the hardening of the 
din, a stage of the biininexs tie most critical, aa a defect 
in the steel will at once b<< mode i^parent thereby, and 
-the labaur of months rendered useless in a few minutea. 
If the die endures this, it haa only another test, viz., the 
making of a "hub," or copy of the die in steel, and uaed 
for the correction of duplicate copies of the die. The 
danger in this case arises from the want of uniformity of 
lurdneas. If irregular, one portion of the original die 
mast suffer, and becomes valueless. 

Hedal-making or stamping is thus carried on : — The 
press oonsists of a large and close-threaded screw, to 
the top of which a large wheel ia attached horizontally. 
The bod of the preaa is fitted with acrews to secure the 
die in its place; when this is done, the collar which 
gives the tbickneas of the medal is fitted on, the die 
forming the reverse of the medal is attached to the screw; 
a bkok (a pieoe of metal cut out to form the medal) 
da then introduced. Motion is imparted to the wheel 
which opera(«e upon the screw, a blow is given, and if 
the impression is soil and shallow, a medal is produced; 
but if deep, repeated bli 



preanon up. 



Hliere bronze or silver is the material ii 



which the medal is to be produced, aa many aa 20 or 
•ven 30 blows are necessary. The medal is then taken 
out of the press, the edge tui-ned, and the operation is 
-W. C. A.] 



301 AsTOS, J., aO St. Pa»rs Square, Birmhgfuait-- 
Hanutacturer. 
Onumental silk, satin, and velvet buttons, dress on 
menU, and patent linen buttons. 



S02 ELLicrrr, Wu^ah, k Sons, Regent Stmt Watlu, 
B inn inghain — Hanufactu rvrs. 

An assortment of Ancy buttons for ladiee' dresses. 

Specimens of gUt, plated, military, naval, sporting, 
onat, and ball buttons. 

F^eot silk, velvet, satin, Florentine, and patent Irish 
linsn battons. 

Pearl buttons with metallic rims. 



303 AteBS, E., 72 iVwAaW Slnit, Birnan^in— 

Manufacturer. 

Patent improved shoe-soraper. 

304 iNCHiM, T. Weu, 85 Brad/ord Street, Brmnjkam 

-^-Designer and Uanufacturcr. 

Specimens of burn battons, illustrating the manufiu' 
ture prior to the patent, and the improTementa tnad* 
since ; also material from which they are made. 

[The ornamental sur&ce is giTen by presmrc in ■ di* 
when the horn has been softened by beat. — W. C. A.] 



305 Heelkv, Jaxeb, & Soxs, Mount Street, 1 
— Manufacturera. 

Chatelaines, with various appendages. Sword hiltis 
for dress swords. Latchets. Conrt and other buttons. 
SnuSbrs. Patent revolving stimipa. Cork-aorswa. 
Boot-hooks. Eey-ringa. Tweeeera. Swivels. NMtiDg- 
vices. Bracelets. Brooches. Shawl -pins. Wust-bncklca. 
Purse-mounts. Slides and tassels. Albert ehaios and 
keys. Watoh-guarde. Tarious keys. Invalid tongs. 
Purses and various triukets. 

[Steel buckles, former! j much used, sa wall ■■ bnttons, 
purses, clasps, keys, rings, and chains, w«re maaufsetnrad 
in great quantities at Birmingham. Some idea may b* 
fanned of the complexity of pattern in buttons, wbou H 
is stated that sa many as three hundred ornamental headed 
studs have been counted on a single button. St«el gnani 
chains have, of late years, been introduced with eucceaa ; 
the links of these are cut out by the press, and pieroed 
by the same instrumeat; they are then case-hardened and 
polished.— W. C. A.] 



301} Om,EV, Thohah, 123 Snotr /lill, Biraiiiigkam— 
Designer and Manufacturer. 

Gold, eilver, and bronze prize medala, including SDii- 
cultural, horticultural, botanical, and achool medals ; »Lo, 
historical and other medals. 

[The art of die-sinking ia En^and has its centre in Bir- 
mingham, and has reached a degree of unparalleled per- 
fection and of immense importance. "Hie art is of aa 
peculiar a character, and requires so much nicety and so 
large an experience in toot-craft, that it employa, in tha 
higher departments, comparatively a small number of 
workmen, but in the commoner, a lat^ number ar« oon- 
Btontlj occupied. Medallists bav* always nnlted highlf 
among the die-sinkera of Birmingham ; and the Soho 
works, in addition to a large production of medals, wiM 
for a considerable period the mint for the copper coinag* 
of the United Kingdom. At present, the medallistB ot 
Birmingham are in full occupation for the preparatioii of 
medals for prizes, and in commenioratjoa of great ooca- 
sions. The medals thus produced are eitensivdy demanded 
at home, and have also an extnonUnary circuUtJotl oa tha 
Continent, and in distant ports of the world. — R. E.] 



307 CoiTEBiLi,, Ebwim, lul Havry airert, AMtd, mar 
fiiiminjAiiin— Inventor and Hanufocturer. 
Patent climax detector locks, made to the keys ; and 
from the peculiar construction of the machine 1^ vhicb 
the keys are made, two locks cannot be madn aliko, on- 
less formed from the keys out at the somB time. Thxj 
can be made to shoot any number of bolts both ways. 



300 EtKTH & Hiu-ICSAP, 50 Ceorgt Slretl, Parade, 
Ainningtflin— Inventors, Fatenteee, and Hanu- 
factiirera. 
Carriage axles on the Collingo principle, with patent 

safety and other improrenieots. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, a 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 2! 



[Tbeu improTammta ooiuiBt in tbe applicatiun uf a 
thrcBd, wluch traveram tbe bsok of the aile near tliu 
eoUar ; a ooiretponding hollow thread is cost •>□ the bush ; 
after tbe buah hx puied theire threuis a flat is left, on 
which it tnverMS or rerolTM. This BrTUigemeiit effec- 
tullf aecure* tbe wheel against removal. — W. C. A.] 

CoUinge aile without the imprOTements. 

An axle ; patent aile amu oo tbe mail principle. 



310 NiSW, RiCBAKD, 20 F-umH Slrfel, BirmiHjham — 
Proprietor. 

Diea and miall tooU. Spoon and collar dial. Hedol 
dies, and collar, coin, and uffice-Beal dies. Button and 
dkank-bole diea. 

[Hoch of the Binainghain jewellery and gilt toy» are 
pfudoced by means of dies or flteel blooke, with ira- 
pnaioils of artiDlea to be nink therein, Ear-ringB, 
braoehea, bimcelet-r«rteninga, bave their ornunental fea- 
turn liiU'ITHiiid in tbia way; tbey are tben filled up or 
jeiaai) together, if made in part*. 

Bj "collar die" ia meant tbat portion which girea tbe 
Ibiii^iw of tbe roedol or ooin to be struck. All mednl 
diaa are in three parte, tIi., the reverse, obrerao, and 
collar. Tba imaller claaa of diea are cut in steel entirely. 
the tai^er kiudi, for brass foundry and other pnrpoBea, 
•re "laid" or covered with steel un a foundation of iron. 
When indentations occur, the die is what is colled 
"fullered" or hollowed, and the nteel follows the 8.iuie 
in a panllel thicknen.— W. C. A.] 



31 1 J«MON, W., fii™.>/A.ini~JUnufacturBr. 

AutU for planishing tin plate. Hammers assorted for 
tin and cupper work. Creas-iron, or wireina stake, for 
tin. Oeneisl iwigr, 1« hold different tools for beading 
tin. Kck-iron, for tin plate, and aide stake, for tin or 
cower work. 

»>ttom stake, for planishiug copper. Puir of ttocV 
abear* and band sbe«rs, for cutting tin, copper, &c. 

Hade) of a raising machine, for raising dish coverrs, 
1| inch in Kale. 

[Jlany of the requisites for the tin-plnte mnking are 
cnuuented in the above collection of artjolea, and thouKh 
" raising" by means of "Bpinning" and stamping has to a 
gnat extent mperaeded the older methoAi of tin-plate 
working, the polished anvil, stukcs. or beak-iron, with 
their corresponding planisbed-facinl banimurs of various 
forms, cannot yet be dispenseil with. In the new uiodt; 
of pruductioo, scam-soldering is entirely avoided. " Spin- 
ning" imparts to tin goo<lB a coniiidarable degree of (inii- 
neiw and solidity with denneneas of texture. Jloulding is 
still Dceeuary in the tnanufacture of certain articles; to 
effect this, stakes, anvils, and swii^eii must be put in 
requisition. Dish-covers were originally formed by ham- 
mering out of flat shifts of metal; many of them here 
are rviaed by the stamp, and present a brilliant polish. 
Tin-plate making, and t->ol milking for the same, give 
etu|>]oyment to hundrwls of artinmM in and aro'ind Bir- 
iningham. — W. l". A.) 

:n2 TiUKWs, RirHaaP, fc Sons, l'.nl,i,v Sir,;->, 
llirinv-ii.-ihi — Man u tuHurerB . 
Spedniens of Liiri>ent<!rs' hauimer heails. and liaudlrd 
Lammen. Carpenters' and farriers' toiiln. Shoeiuakerv' 
tooU. Timber scribes, hand anil tnlilc rices, and ini- 
protrd euach wrenches. Saddlers' nnd iipholstcren' tools. 
Vafioiu household and other utensils. , 

Sl.t llA.'rt.r, John, jiin., .'>.i Bren-l .mrcel, Binnfwjluim— 

PMcntee and Maniifacturer. 

ht^nt ornamental nails, hronw, irilveiod, gilt, Isc- 

•|<ut«d, and aovomd, principally intendc't fur attacbiiiE 



:, brass, and 



;-il4 Ttb, Geohob Piebct, Smir Hill, Birmingham— 

Specimens of registered root-glasaes, with stands and 
supports, containing wax models of hyacinths, to showtha 
use of the flower support. 

Glas«es and stands. Begistered spring labeU for tree 
and flower-pots. 

315 Bevnoumi, John, Crotm ,Y.n7 Works, .Vfttdm Rme, 
II irming/iaia — Man ufiurturer, 

A case enclosing a card of cut nails, eonaiating of 
upwards of two hundred distinct varieties of the n --' 
useful strengths and eizos; made o 
copper. 

[Id this manufacture, sheeta of iron, of tbe proper thiek- 
npss, are cut across by a pair of cutting edges whioh are 
set in mution by machinery; the breadth of theae atrip* 
is equivalent to the lengtli of the nails to be produced 
from them; tbe strip, for the convenience oF turning, 
is Faateued into a pair of grips attaclied to a wood shank, 
resting, when in use, upon a support immediately behind 
the workmen. The nail maolune consists, essentially, of 
a pur of cutting-chiseU or edges, whioh work perpen- 
dicularly, parallel to each other; a gauge to detennina 
tbe breadth of nail; a pair of grips, into which at tba 
time the wedge of iron fUls, and where it is firmly held, 
until the small horizontal hammer strikes it and produces 
tbe bead, when it is dropped into a boi beneath. Brada 
are not headed, but are simply cut out of each other, 
tbat is to say, a dcflciency in the parallelism of the 
cutting-edge produces the head, and prepares for tlia 
head of tbe next brad to be cut therefrom. Qlaziar** 
brads being simple wedge-like pieces of iron, without any 
head whatever, are produced by the simple operations 
of tliH chiaeU or cutlers. When tacks are blued, tbey 
arc done in quoutilies, by eiposiug them to beat in an 
oven or muffle, or upon an iron plate. Japanning is per- 
fonued by tbe ordinary process. — W. C. A.] 

;Sll< Hens k Bradi.kt. '.Vw/hU.', J!in>i.i./li,m 
— Maniifiicturcrs. 

Taper wood screws in iron, bmss, mid copper; irou 
thrwul screws for machinery of every dencription, and for 
dtoved, gnites, &c. 

Tapr hand-ndl screws, adapted for pianoforte- makarw. 






work. 



[Screw-iuaking; — Ojieration 1. From a coil of wire 
p1ju»d on n wheel and introduced tTito the screw-making 
mauliine, a piece, sufficient to fonii a screw is cut off, 
caught up, and bonded; tliat is to say, tbe portion 
which forms the limul is uompresscd iuto sliape, and the 
now-called "blank" is dropt into a receptacle below. 
Ujiemtion 2. cnuoistji in flattening the head and smooth- 
ina the countersink, whioh is perfunned by the "blank," 
being held in both clanis, iiud having a small cutter re- 
volving In front and ]uiotber behind. :). flitting tlia 
lie.-td; tbe " blank" is plnced in a [Bur of nipjicn, which 
IH moveable on centres by means of a lever uctiou. the 
head is presseil nKiuiint a sirudl revolving circular saw, 
iind the «lit iua.lf. 4. Tliremling is effected by the 
" blank" Wiu;; introduilvd iuto a jiair of cliui.x whi>.-b is 
att-ubed to a "[lindle, the back part of n hii-h is cut with 
a wonn or threnil correwponding t" that uf tlie acrew to 
be cut, and which propels forward the cIuum and the 
"blank" agninut small -toothed cuttein, which groove out 
the thread; three nmnings dowu is sufficient to coniplet*! 
the mannfHcIure of an ordinary sized screw. Tlx' diflitr- 
ence in the linext IhreoilH ai'iso fi'ini llit- -hi>)<c of tli» 
cutter-. W. fJ. A,] 



Ci,AtM 22.— GENERAL HAItDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 K. 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



[Umtku 



317 Jamb, JoHH, Redditch, near Bromajnnt— 
Manufkcturer. 
Specimeiu of needles uid fUh-hooka. Needle-boiea, 
fumiihed, Needles and ftsh-hookn 1o the vuioua pro- 
ceasua of maDufncture. 

;)1 8 Hawkins, JohH, 22 PHnaep Street, Sirmuigham — 

Manatietater. 
'ffood screws in iron, brass, and copper ; railwaj, 
coach, and grate, machine sctcws, and bolts. 






319 Bamer, Oeoboe, & Co., 68 Cecil Street, I! 

— Wireworkors and Hoau&cturers. 

Flre-gusrds and window -blinds. House and stable 

lantenu. RuBUigKt giutnl. Nursery lamp. Candle 

Bbade. Fruit-baiikBt; lady's wi>rk -banket. Dish and 

fUte covers. Letter rack. Sir Muuiphre; Bavy's lamp, 
'orrot and other bird cages. Squirrel-cage. Flower-put 
Stands. Mottrexs springs. Patent iron and brsBs chain, 
made by machinery, with varietJea aleotro plated and 
bronzed. Specimena uf weaving in iron and braofl wir«, 
Fe^ lattice and hare reuee. Dome-top electro-plate 
twisted &re guard. 



320 CoouET, Hectob Rich., 148 High fitrett, Banbtey, 

nc<ir Birmui'jhwn — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of cofBn furniture, in plated gold and ulver, 

and btasB our' '■- ■ ■ 



321 SiMCOX, Pkmbbrton, & Sons, firmfi^Aum— 

BUou&ctunirs. 

Patent curtain decorations; curtun bands and oomice 
pole ends. 

Furniture for mortice locks in brass, glass, china, 
white and gilt opal, with metal mountings gilt and electro 
plated. 

Fbiger plates, bell pulli, and bell levers. Laoijuered 
and bronzed finger-plates. 

Outmde bell-pulU, hall-door knobs, bell slides, in the 
Oothic, Elimbethoo, and other styles. 

Bagiitered door-knockers and choiiis. Registered and 
odlar letter-boi plates. 

Qothic and Elizabethan work for churches, consisting 
of hinges, lock-handlee, eacutcheona, &c. 

Letter clips, letter balances, date tellers, office and 
table bells, and wax taper stands. 

SconcM oT various designs tbr piaoofortes, picturee, 
looking glsBsee, puluts, WMl brack^ &c. 

Plain and wrougfat coat and hat hooka. Blind mount- 

t stays, espagntolettes 

Bell carnages, cranks, and general bell-hanging work. 

Regiitered stair and curtain rods; miniature and pic- 
ture framea. 

Begiotered and other Tack pulleyi, tassel hooks, roller 
blind ends, table catches and fasteners. Butt, and other 

Socket, flush, ship, and other bolts ; cabin-door hooks. 

Round, square, plats, and socket snd claw castor for 
pianofortes, sofas, tables, chairs, &c. Lamp and screw 
pulleys. 

Shop-door handles, in china, glass, opal, brass, &c, 

[These contributions form illustrations of what is tech- 
nically known w cabinet and general brass-foundr;. The 
application of china, and more particularly gloas, is now 
very extensive. The introduction of the brass collar to 
the china mortice knob, of stamped braas-foundr; in the 
form of drapery and rope work for upholstery purposes; 
and of on ingeiiioiisly-«oiiBtructed blind mounting, which 
OBUsea the blind to ascend, instead of dasoeud, is dUA 
to these ezhibUon.— W.C. A.] 

322 COKNTOBTH, JoHH, Berkeley Street Wire Milk, 

llirviingkim — Hanunctutvr. 
Bpecimans illustrative of tbe nuuufiMture of iron a 
uthiT wires: — 



ipelition of^ tbia procen, iron-wire of onj 
diameter may be made. In the specimen, the diameter of 
the wire-rod has been reduced J| of an inch by one pro- 
cess; if repeated fifty times, it would givs a wire ^^ of 
an inch diameter. Pieces of iron-wire iUustnttive of 
from ) to 1]^ iiM^ diameter. 



Piece of telegraph wire, of charcoal-iron, gtlva 
'awn from one entire pieoeof iron; it is 336 Ibo. w 

and a mile long. 



drawn from o: 

id a mile lor„. 

Piece of chonMwI wire : being a portion of that used In 
the construction of a suspension-bridge near the fiJla of 
Nisgnra; this iron-wire is usiid for wire-ropea and ganoal 
engineering purposes. 

Steel-wire, of various sixes and qualitisa. Speetmeaa of 
soft and hard tinned wire. Coppered iion-wira. Iron 
and steel wire. 

Wire nails of various sine and forms. Heads and 
points of nails manu&ctured by the patent pi'oesai known 
aa the Pont de Paris, and used by tJie carpentera of that 
city, and of France generally, wbieh may be niada of any 



323 Potts, Willun, 16 Katy Ron, i 

Hanubcturer, and, in part, Deaignar. 
Ornamental bronzed ud l*«quared gas laa^. 




An ornamental gas bracket and globe, lliii g^a- 
bracket is represented in the above Illustration. A 
helmetcd head forms the support of the globe and 

ChaiKMiei*, lobby lamps, hall Uatenw, fte. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND ORATES, 
L. H. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 TO 2! 



Caadelafara, ginndoles. ink uid Dowtsr itaods, uid 
^■jioiu oUmt articltB. 

Btoiue unutuent — eagle resting witb its prey oa a 
tack. 

Gnml Loudcor, gUiM frame, bronzed— two uaiada are 
Stated to attire theuuelvm. two heroiu aupportiug piutilu 

Siiigle-figuraaiidtnple-flgun] epergne, &c. 

^lacitaaiia of Potts' pntent picturu-«upporting luauld- 
big. It> adiuitiuea an, streDKth, goDtiuuouB Tine aa a 
luoutding; wlaptobility for uutreing at any angle; the 
hook QUI be attached ou and slide along the beck of the 
b-uo nil ; a TsnetT of deugDB and modes of finish can be 
obuinad, the hook being in its nttochiaent a segment of a 
ciicla, mofal routid the lack curve of the ruii, so aato ba 
|Hit oa and taken off at 00; point. 

Btwue oEoek-atanda — the Cliinsee dragon. 

Flre-acnai itMid, adaptable also for n cbou-tablo, 
ttmiic^tand, or reading easel. 

Pkir of heron (^iraodolta. Boudoir candliHtick. 

Taoa or epei^e— the crocodile. 

Fluwir atuid. Mirror bsme. 



324 OiLunr, Josbpb, r.Wurw HVfa, Binningham— 
Inventor nod Manufacturer. 

Spedmena of moCallio pens. 

[St«c1-pen making ma; bo brieflj described u fultowi: 
The iteel is procured from ShefSeld ; it is cut into stHjw, 
and the scalea removed by immersion in pickle, composed 
vf dilute aulphmic acid. It is passed through rollers, 
by which it is reduced to the neoeasary thickness; it is 
then in a oonditlon to be mnle into peas, and is for this 
inupuae paled into the bonds of a girl, who is seated at a 
{inHS, and who, by means of a bed and a punch corre- 
tponding, apeedily cuta out the blank. The next Btage is 
pierdng the hole which tsrmlnatfa the slit, and removing 
any supRrSuous steel likely to interfiiro with the eloatictty 
of the ppu; at thin Htage they arc oniunlwl in quoutlties in 
a luultte, aft<^r uliicb, by meaiiit of a auinll xtoiup, the 
liuiker'a muiiu ii< iuipriHHed upon tliciii. Up to tbui stage 
the future pen is a flnt piece of atoel ; it is then tnuiB- 
fnrwl to another class of wcirkers, who, by means of 
the prvaa, make it concave, if a nib, and form the barrel, 
if a barrel pen. Hardening is tlie noit process : to effect 
this a nimiber of pens are placed in a small iron box and 
intruducrd into n muffle; afler they become of a uuiform 
rl«p red, they ore plunged into oil; the oil adhering 
it removed by a^tatiun in a circular tin barrel. Tbo 
pniccBS of temjiering succeeds; and, finally, the whole 
mm placed in a rev^dving cylinder with sand, pounded cru- 
rible, or other cutting subatanco, wliich Anally brightens 
thciu to the natural colour of the material. The nib is 
^nind with great rapidity by n girl who picks it u|>, 
I'lacc* it into a pair of suitable plyers, and fiuisheii it 
with a, single loucb on a small emery wheel. Tlie ]>cu 
is now in o conilitiuu to receive the slit, and this is also 
il'iiM l>y mokua of a pivw; a chisut or wedge, with a flat 
p-ide, is fixed to the iKxloftbe prefu, the dceconding screw 
)uu a C'jrrwpundiiig cliisel or cuttur, wlilch pOHes down 
H illi the minutest occuiaey : the slit is made ; and the pen 
in completed. The laat stuge is the colouring, broivn or 
Llur; this is done by introducinij the now |wud into a re- 
Viiliing metal cylinder. uiiJur which is B charcoal stove, 
,ui'l watching narrowly when the colour dcMircJ is arrivC'l 
At. The brilliancy is imported by ineons of lac dissolved 
LU nj^ihlha; the pens on? immfracd in tliie, end dried by 
Lcat. Then follow the coiuiting and selecting. Women 
an mudtly snipluyud in the nianuDifturc, n-ith skilleil 
Workmen to repair and set the tools. This i-ihibitiir 
cnif lojr* vjnrarda of five hundred hands, of which f^r- 



fiflhs ore women. The manufactory hae beeu established 
upwards of thirty years, aud has been the means of 
introdumng many improvements in the manufacture. — 
W. C. A.] 



325 WiLIT, W. E., & Co., 3i Gmii n/wipton Slrcel, 
Binn imjham-^iiaii ufactu rera. 

Specimens ofgold, polladiimi, gold and sUreT, and silver 
peuK, pointed with the native alloys of iridium and os- 
mium, the hardest of known metaJs. 

[These pens being formed of metals not acted on 
by tbo iuk, appear almost indestructible 1 their perma- 
iiuDce in use is further maintained by the attachment to 
the point, by soldering, of a minute portion of the 
metals named, which are extremely hard and durable. — 
W. C.A.] 



326 



HiNCKB, WeL 



Pntent solfacting cutting, piercing, and raising-pen 
machine. The ordinary nressee are worked by hand. The 
self-acting machines are driven by steam; they cut, pierce, 
and side-alit two pans at oua stroke, peiforming six pro- 

Specimeoa of Lilliputian pens complete, intended to 
show the skill of the tool cutter and the perfection of the 
machinery employed. A gross of the smallest weighs 
teas than M grains, and can be coDtsined in a Barcalon* 
nutshell. 

Specimens of fiuiahed pens. 

Steel in its rough stats, and atl«r it has passed through 
the rolling-mill; Bcrap-steel, from which the pens are 
cut; jiens, cut and pierced, llie other proceases exhibited 
in the finished pen. 

Specimens of pierced pens to show the modem improve- 
meats in the art of tool-cutting. 



327 Keu,, a., ft Co., 28 Wimswr lioa-, Bi-Tunyham— 

Manufactureni. 
Steel pens ; showing their different forms and qualities, 
with impruvemeutd lately introduced. 

328 Mitchell, William. Si. PaattS'iuare, 

Birm iwj/uiiH — Mouufoctiirer. 
Metallic pens and penholders. 



32'j BarTlEbT, W., & SoKB, KrtWiIcA, rvor JinnfiyAawi, 
and 'M tlivs/uim Stm-I, Citj —Mamifaoturere. 

Noodles of every description, with the most important 
dtagcs in the process of manufacture, from the wire up 
to the fiuishod state. 

Fish-ho-ika, of every description, for sea, river, or lako 
tinhiii^, with Bpeeiiuena exhibiting the diUereut stages in 
the prucoss of manufitcture. 

[Fishing hooks are formed by nimiile tools; a bundle of 
Hire is cut into lengths, and Btroighlened ; the barb is 
formed by a simple blow with a chisel; the opposite end 
is flattened — the barbed end [minted; they are then csse- 
barilened, the sur&cu being portly acted on and ruudered 
extremely bani, by means oT immersion in hot ""ifiial 
charcoal, they uru suUietiueutly brightened by ftiction, 
lUid tenqierud; in sotuu coses tbey are japonneil, in 
others tiuued, but this referaunlyto the lunjer siies. — 
W. C. A.] 

330 BoCLTOS, William, & Son, llalditfh, nt.ir 
I' irrtiiiiijhn m — Maoulocturera. 
Necdlua — sewing, notling, knitting, tambour, cTodiet, 
rii|; or carpet, and chenille. 



G32 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 TO 29. 



United 



Steel meshes. Surgeons' needles. Stay, mattress, up- 
holBteren', sail, and packing needles. 

Sail hooks. Bodkins and needles in fancy-work. Har- 
poons used in whale-fishing. 

Spears used in whale, shark, and dolphin fishing. 
Large sea fish-hooks. Hooks for fresh-water fishing. 



332 NiCKLiN & Sneath, 57 Bradford Street, 
Birmingham — Manufacturers . 

Copper, brass, and iron weaving, of various meshes, 
from 64 holes to the square inch, or 8 mesh, to 22,500 
holes to square inch, or 1 50 mesh. 

Finedrawn brass and copper wire; copper wire drawn 
firom a penny piece. 

Strong iron weaving, for kiln floors, smut machines, 
&c. 

Brass wire cloth with seams, as used for paper machines, 
in the manufacture of paper. 

[The extreme ductility of brass is shown in the manu- 
facture of wire. A mass weighing 15 grains has been 
drawn into 181 yards. It is drawn by hand through 
metal holes or plates, soap being used to lubricate the 
wire, in order to prevent adhesion, and to give it a finished 
and smooth surfeuse. — W. C. A.] 



332a Mabtin & Qbat, Berkeley Street, Binniikgham, and 
14 Gough Square, fleet Street — ^Manufacturers. 

Qas chandelier, finished in gold colour and "artistic 
bronze." Pattern, finished in artistic bronze and gold 
colour, relief. Qas brackets. 

Two chariot lamps; one britzka lamp; newly-invented 
r^gistereil lamps for the interior of can'iages, &c. 

Mantel and centre vase lights for gas. 

Candle lamps, hanging limps, and hand lanterns. 

Toilet furniture, and coal vase, japanned. 

["Artistic bronze "is not as may be supposed, either pro- 
duced by an acid, or by oxidation; it is simply a mixture 
of colour ground up in turpentine varnish; its depth, or 
lightness of shade, being regulated by the addition of 
the blue or yellow colour in use. It is applied by a 
brush, and the powder bronze is touched upon the pro- 
jecting parts. — W. C. A.] 



333 MoBBALL, Abel, St'ulfeif Works, Wtncickshire — 
Inventor and Manufiicturer. 

Speoimens of needles. Knitting pins. Polished steel, 
ffilt, plated, and steel bodkins. Pattern card of needles 
m thd different states of manufacture. 

Specimens of machinery for making needles:— Stamp 
press, or eyeing machine; filing, edding, and curing 
machines. 

[Needle-making may be thus described : — The steel wire 
is cut into lengths sufficient to make two needles; these 
are collected into bundles, and straightened by a peculiar 
process; the grinder takes a number of these pieces in 
his hand, and causing them to rotate on a grindstone, 
points them; he next reverses the ends and effects the 
same result; they are then cut in two, flattened on the 
end, and eye-punched either by children or machinery; 
the roughness is removed, the eye smoothed by filing. 
They are then tempered in quantities, and polished by 
being gathered together and made to traverse a horizontal 
hearth or table, some abrasive substance hlbncat<^d with 
oil being introduced amongst them : scoiuing, winnowing, 
and sorting then follow. — W. C. A."| 



331 Hemming, Henbt, Redditch, near Worcester — 

Manufacturer. 

A general assortment of sea and river fish-hooks, adapted 
for Uie taking of all kinds of fish. 



334 HoBSFALL, JAMEi, Oxford Street, Bimmgham — 
Manufacturer and Proprietor. 

Highly finished steel wire, for pianofortes and other 
musical instruments. 

Annealed wire, used as an under covering of the "new 
patent brass strings," for pianofortes. 

Plated, japanned, and self-coloured hitch, bridge, and 
other pins. 

Single, double, and treble spun bass strings, for piano- 
fortes. 

Hand and mill-drawn steel wire, for the manufacture 
of needles, fish-hooks, &c. 

[The term self-coloured indicates the colour assumed 
by steel when brought to certain heats, either a straw 
or blue colour. Hitch pins are what the ^strings are 
hitched or hung upon; bridge pins are those placed on 
the wooden bridge, from which the strings commence 
vibrating; globe, ball, and cone key pins are pins with 
variously-shaped heads, going through the centre and 
front of the key, to keep them in their places. Wrest pins 
are the pins on which the strings are wound in tuning. 
— H. E. D.] 






335 Gtx>DHAN, Qeoroe, Caroline Street, Birmmgham — 

Manufactiu'er. 

Patent elastic fine-pointed pins, black, purple, and 
dress. 

Specimens of the various sizes of brass pins, and of 
needles. 



336 Edelsten & Williams, New Hall Work*, 
Bimungham — Manufacturers. 

Pins : the heads and shafts being formed of one aolid 
piece of metal, in order to render the head immoveable and 
smooth in use; made by improved machinery. 

Model dies to show the formation of the head. 

Elastic hair-pins. 

Specimens of iron wire in various sizes. 

[In pin-making the wire is brass (a compound of eof^ier 
and zinc) : it is reduced by the ordinary prooeaa c^ with- 
drawing to the requisite thickness; in this prooeM ti m 
necessarily curved. To remove this it is re-wound, and 
pulled through between a number of pins arranged 
at the draw, or straightening bench; it is than cot 
into convenient lengths for removal, and finally redneed 
to just such a length as will make two pins. The pointing 
ii done upon steel mills (revolving wheels), the ciitnim- 
ference of which is cut with teeth, the one fine, the olber 
coarse. Thirty or forty lengths are picked np at onoe, 
and, as in needle-making, the cast of hand given by the 
workman makes them revolve, and the whole are pointed 
at once; the same operation is performed with the 
other end. The process of heading is next eflbcted ee 
follows: a number of the pointed wires, now out in two, 
are placed in the feeder of the machine; one dn^ in, 
is firmly seized, and, by means of a pair of dies, a portion 
of the metal is forced up into a snudl bulb, thus, ^=^ ; 
by a beautifully simple and automatic amngement» it is 
passed into another, when a small horizontal hemmer 
gives it a sharp tap, which completes the head. The white 
colour is produced by boiling in a solution of oreem of 
tartar and tin. They are then dried, and pawed into the 
hands of the wrappers-up. The preparation or maridng of 
the paper is peculiar, and is done by means of a moulded 
piece of wood, the moulds corresponding to thoee portiona 
which represent the small folds of paper through which 
the pins are passed, and thereby held. The pins are then 
taken to the paporers, who aix: each s ea te d in front of a 



KUCGDOM.J 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29, 



633 



bench, to wfaidi is attached a horisontally-hinged piece of 
iron, the edge of which is notched with a corresponding 
number of marks to the number of pins to be stuck; the 
small catch which holds together the two parts of the iron 
ia releaaed, the paper introduced, and a pin inserted at 
everj mark: the paper is then released, and the task of 
examination follows, which is the work of a moment. The 
paper of pins is held so that the light strikes upon it; 
those defectiTe are immediately detected by the shade, 
taken out, and others substituted in their stead. An 
It edict of Henry VIII. held that " no one should 
sell any pins but such as were double-headed, or the 
hettds soldered fast on."— W. C. A.] 



337 Wakkfibld, J. T., Lichfield Street, Birmingham — 

Manufacturer. 

Various specimens of wire, wire gauze, and wire 
goods. 

338 Mtbbs k Son, Newh<tU Street, Birmitigham — 

Manufacturers. 
foecimens of steel pens, and improved steel pen and 
qaifi penholders, in gold, silver, and other metals. 



339 Mitchell* John, 48 New Hall Street, Birmingham — 
Manufacturer and Patentee. 
Plitent self-adapting pens and holder, and steel -pens in 
numerous varieties. 



340 Mbmknoeb & Sons, Broad Street, Birmingham 

— Manufacturers. 

Domestic groups of the Queen and the Prince of Wales, 
in or-molu and bronxe. — Modelled by John Bell. 

Fqiwiliisn statuette of the Duke of Wellington, in 
broliae. 

Portion of a chandelier in bronze, m designed by Mr. 
Gnmer, for the Pavilion in Buckinj^h.-un Palace gardens. 

<^>mamental <le9ign in or-molu, afl a balustrade for a 
staircase. Capital, in or-niolu, taken from the temple of 
Jupiter Stater, at Rome. 

Ornamental bracket, for gas, in or-raolu. Candelabra, 
for gas, in or-molu and bronze. Ornamental scroll and 
•upport, in iron, bronzed. 

Antique tripod and candelabnun, for gas. in iron ; an- 
tiuue eagle candelabrum, for gas, in or-molu; tripod can- 
delabrum, in iron, for gas, bronzed. 

Candelabrum, in the style of Louis Quatorze, six-lights, 
for candles, in ormolu. 

Gothic candlestick, in or-molu. Gothic vase, in bronze. 

Ornamental group, for a letter balance. 

Antique Roman vases, in bronze. 

^Jroupe, consisting of bull, cow, and calf, fonning an 
iokstanoT Group of g«ats, forming an inkstand. 

Cupid's comi»«se»!i, a watch and thermometer stand, 
regifltarerl inkstand,— (iroiips of fighting horses. Cups, 
" Match in the dark." Rustic scene. Antitjue caskets. 
.^•ent vase*. Ornamental match-holder, " Gijwy figures." 
Candlestick, Climbing-boy. Letter-balance, Justice. 
Inkntaod, Antique stag. Registered ornamental match - 
bolder. All in or-molu and bronze. Various specimens 
in bronse. 

Refristered station signal, and tail-lamps. Hand signal 
lamps, in brass, exhibiting three coloiirs. Double and 
single gauge, and porters' ticket-lamps. Registered roof- 
lamp, for carriages. Lamp on the old principle. Side 
and double si<le signal lamp. All for railway purposes. 
Carriage lamps, plain silver moimted. Variety of pat- 
t«TM of general gas fittings, engine cocks, &c. 

[Bronxe varies in its composition according to the taste 
of the artist as to the depth of colour or its hardnoKS ; a 
very excellent bronze is formcil by the a<ldition of J oz. 
of tin to 16 oz. of copper. 



The casting of a bronze statue may thus be described : 
the core is made up of brick-work and clay until a rude 
representation of the intended work is made; upon thia 
the sculptor models, in wax, of the thickness intended for 
the metal, all the details, such as the features, drapery, 
&c. ; when this is Qompleted, it is coated with loam of 
very thin consistency, then follow repeated solid coatings 
of clay, &c., until a shell of sufficient strength to bear 
the pressure of the melted metal is formed; the whole is 
then bound together, heat is applied, the wax is melted 
out, and a space thereby left for the introduction of 
the metal; suitable runners are made, and vents to 
allow the free escape of air. The metal is melted in 
reverberating furnaces, and, when in a proper condition, 
the plug is withdrawn, and the mould filled. After being 
allowed to remain until cool, it ia opened, the roughness 
cleansed off, and the statue ia completed. The peculiar 
tinge of the bronze is acquired by exposure to the 
air. 

A bronze of nearly the same tinge is given to brass by 
immersion in a mixture of spirits of salt and arsenic; the 
metal is to be heated previous to thia; the article is there- 
after brushed with black lead, and, after being again 
heated, is coated with a lacquer, composed of lac and 
spirits of wine, with a little yellow colouring matter; 
the shade of antiquity is thus imparted in a few minutes. 

The establishment of the exhibitors is one of the oldest 
in the trade in Birmingham ; it has been in existence 
upwards of 50 years; it was one of the earliest to recog- 
nise the importance of the union of art with manufactures. 
For this, the skill of Flaxman and Chantrey was called 
into requisition; artists, celebrated for their skill in archi- 
tectural enrichment, were also employed in the modelling 
of balustrades, candelabrum, tripods, &c. — W. C. A.] 



\\A\ Stururs, Richard Ford, 46 BrtKid Street, 
Binniinjhain — Manufacturer and Patentee. 

Electroplated articles on hard w^hite metal. Urns, 
lamps, candlesticks, starnds, trays, frames, tea and coffee 
pots, pneumatic cotfee filter, jugs, sj)oous, &c. These 
articles are made by a process, without seams or soldering, 
so as to diminish labour and cost; particularly that of 
embossing and chasing. 

The articles are cast in metal moulds, in a heated 
state ; a stream of water is made to play upon the 
moulds, when filled with hot metal, which causes the 
mould to contract, and thus produce a greater degree of 
sharpness in the fine parts of the casting; the metal used 
expands in cooling. 




Stiirges' Electro plated Snuffer Tray 




Slurge** Klertro plated I»rc4n»er Siaml. 



Claw 22.— GENEBAL UABDWAKE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO 27 ; 0. », & P. 8 TO 29. 





■' ElKbn-pUt*! CUu BmiM. 




Stiut«' Elsetio-pliitcd 



342 TBnis,Tw<m.,ti.ao»,NorikWa>d3trMt,Birwti^kam 
— Dengnen and Htnnftetarera, 

Spacimena of magneto-plate aalTer. Liqaor frame with 
groteaque hajidle, and varioua magnato-idatad aiticlia K>r 
hoiuwbold uae. 

Hagneto-plate deaaert knivea and foika, with alrar 
tiandlea, and spoooa of new and Tariooa patteraa. 



camphine lamp. Candalabi&. 

cait braia from Bankart^a patent copper; aod of 

patent auaphine. 



Saoifn' ElMln-ptelcd T« KMik ud Sund, 



145 EpwiBDs, E., . 

Tarioua glou iukitands, filled with black, blue, and red 
ink. Junction inkstand, containing black and red ink id 
one veBBal. Safety inkBtond, for uae on ahip-boan]. IVo- 
pical inkstand, niUi aelf-claaing ltd, to pravvit erapomttmi 
and exclude inaec^- 

Bronzed inkjrtanda of cast iron. Caat-iron mfcrtnmla. 



twehe at once bj prcaauie. 

[The following note, 
may be acceptable in thi* place. 

A large number of tbe articlae 
factured at Birmingham are not produoad i) 
fadoriea in wliigli large oa]iitali 



1 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND QBATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 TO '27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



tbs aractioo of machineiy. Almnat nil the inull wares of 
the diitrict are msdo bj workmen, who undertake, each 
MM in hi* imrticular tine, to execute order* raceived b; 
tb* merehanti and ageota eettled in the town. The pro- 
fitable petfomance of their contracta, however, calU for 
th« emplofTDMit of a ohaapar kind of power than ia at the 
ciKsmand of men who, like these workneo. have littlp o> 
ibo capita] ; aod thia coune of buainoAB hna oponeil a 
«)ia&nel for the smploTrnsnt of money in the town, in a 
taanoer whiofa is found to be profitable to those who eii' 
m^ in it, and adnntageoua to the amAll manufacturer. 
The plan dladed to ia thia; a building, containintc h 
Ifrmt number nf rooma of varioiia aiwH, ia fumioheil with 
A ataain'CogiDe, wotldnK nbnfU trmo which nro pW od in 
-arh apartment, or woriuhnp. which ia likewixe furotiihiHl 
trith a lathe, beoche*. and inch other cnnvenienoes aa 
an anited U> the Torioua branchM of mnnufocturu for 
irbieh the roMni are likely to be needed. Whoa a 
waikmati has recrived an order for the aiippl; of such a 
quaati^ of good* aa will occupy him a veek, or a. month, 
nr any other pjrtm time, for their completion, hn hirea 
not or more of these rooaia, of niiea and with coavoni- 
•dm* anited to hia particular wnnta, stipuUtiiig for the 
oae of a oertun amonnt of ateun-pnwer. He thua realisea 
all tha advantage that would accompany the posHeiwion 
of a atcam-Migioe; utd aa the building* thiu fitted up 
Are Dimiaroaa, competition on the {nrt nf tlieir owners 
hia brou^t down the charge for the accommodAtion 
tt«y oAr to the lowest figure that will ooiure to them 
the (ndinarj rata of profit on the capita employed. 

At th* Bune time aa thia peculiarity eziata in thia 
gnat matal mart, it mitat bs undentood that there are 
•oma mart wctenrire establiahmenta from which many of 
the laipat eontributiona to the Eihibititm bnve been 
twenad, that contain within their own premisea nil the 
Is of producTtian. 



Mf< LowK, Jobs 1 Heniit, airfnro Warti, llinn!,uihnm 
— Maniifacturera. 
CajTiage-iaraps, hnmeM mountint^, mddlon' iroQ- 
mongery, &c. Ailjujitinf;-iron for ilnah-liuiipii, aiiitiiblc 
thr awMpa of caniace ilaih-bonrdii. Cotlinge'n patent 
^i\e. CUrence carriage-etcp. CarriagD-roIler, holt, and 
tmd. Drag-nhoe. Plain and forked turned nwclU. 
PalcruTD for gig-ahafbi. Dnfc-cart Bcrew, nml Ride iron. 
Htsd-work, he. Huntinc, hackney, and liuliea' bridlex. 
iiriaat -plates, and uteel bit*. HnafHm, pelhoma, and 
rtimiid. Gig and carnage bits, spurH, ic. 

[The manufacture of nadiUem' ironmongery ia princi- 
pally located at Birmingluun, und in tho ncighbDimn^ 
l-'wna of WolTcrhampton, Wabuill, &c. Its object ia tho 
pcnduction of bits, apuni. Htimips, ciirb-chninn, &f . These 
aiv formed out of iron and rteol, by the onlinnry proc«vt 
r-f hammering; and are Rni^beil by jajninning, tinning, 
biimiahing, or platini; with hnuii or BiWer. Some pro- 
diicwl for tha South Americnn mnrkat, arc of very 
fAoloirtic shapes, and richly gilt; they differ from thniu 
for luimo use in their miu«ive npjKanuieo, the siiUu of the 
t-iti bring carred into various ih'sigiiH. and the rowulK of 
ih*' »pui« are msile cnnnnnui'ly larw'. Wliini bitJi nre ti. 
\t» plated with metal, they are linniHl. nml n piece uf 
uH-tal of suflldent thickiiess is wrapped or lient round it 
V>y pmsurc. this i* aided liy prouing dun-n ujion theiii 
w^lh buminhem, 4c. When tho covering h-iti iKvn msilc' 
ti> adhm very closely, the whole bi hintcil, tin solilor is 
^>|ili«l, and the two become united; tha fluid pnlifih in 
jpTR) t>y the (rictioQ uf bulT l-nthxr and posdirnl l.iintt 
f.tU'n-«l-.ne. -W. C, A.] 



a47 WooLORiBOE, JoBi:Lfi, 38 St. Pavti S.]<tni-e, 
BirmaKjIunii — Hsnufacturer. 

Or-moln door lock and bell lever, dadgned by T. C 
Hiae, architect, Nottin^am; modelled by Joseph Jon- 
□in^, Jumee street, Biimingham. 

Bnuw bell levera, door handles, hat and coat hooka, 
piu-ts glass and china. 

BnwK window atay, aelf-eoting stay; door hinges, and 
book clasp and bingo, by Joaeph Jannings. 

Door latch, taasel books, and casement catch. 

BmSB flush and socket door bolts, window blind piilleyL 
sash fastenera and screws, table iiuiteDcrs, bell ^des and 

BiuBB hooks, hinges, handles, rings, and eaatotv of 
TflrioUB patterns. 

Bmss deck light and ventilator, stove Tentilatoni, ham- 
mock hooks, door stay, pin and nut, pin and chain, bolt, 
toy cannon. 

[The or-molu of the braaa-founder, popniarlj known 
aa an imitation of red gold, is eitonaivBty used by the 
French workers in metals. It is generally found in com- 
bination with grate and store work. It is composed of a 
greater proportion of capper and less sine than ordinary 
bmss, is cleanedrGAdilyby means of acid, and is burnished 
with facility. To give this material the rich appearance, 
it is not unfrequeotly brightened up oiler "dipping" (that 
is, cleaning in acid), by means of a scratch bnisli (a brush 
made of fine brass wire), the action of which helps to pro- 
duce a very brilliant gold-like surface. It is protected 
from tarnish by tho application of lacquer.— W. C. A.] 



3-t8 HOLDKK, HOWABD AsHTOK, 9fi 5ujfo« Strtft, 

/'irniiriffAiim— Monufooturer. 

Plain and chased door-hnndles, carriage-door hinges, 
mouldings and donr-bending, staplaa, escutcheons, hsr- 
neas-bucklee, mountings and omanienta, niitway-haiidles, 
carringe-bcBdiDg, hinges and funiishings. 

Clinriot lani^i^, nulway biifTur. and tail-end lanipe. 
Hand signiil-lnnip, with rogiHtcrud impruTcmonts. Side 
signal lampH. 

[Donr-haddton, whether for orilinnry carringes or for 
railway puriiom*, hinges, buckles, Ac, oro first cast, 
snd the oiTuunentnl ports fiiiislicil by being c1ins«l. 
Soiiiu, of a luoru omomontal kind, ore produced by a 
uniun of stamped and cast work, the former being attAchoil 
by solder to a fmindation of cant brniu or iron. Ilinding 
is furmixl out of sheet metal, and is drawn through a 
ibe, but with a plug 



introducHi, f^r the 



puq^w 



I of keeping it in aliape ; tho 



apriKu by which it is nttnehed a 
when tho solder is apiilied in fill up tho back. Tlio cilid 
mouhling is furmod by rollors. and is made out of noliil 
ductile hniM, the circumferunco of tha rolls being gmovnl 
tr a corresponding form to tho abai>e of tlie moulding 
reqiiire'l.— W. C. A.] 



■!4i' 



Rlews. WlL 

ManulEictiir 
>ndlc nn<l i 



fncture<llij;Mi« , __ ^., 

CHndK-sticki— lirass. and irnisTitil mctnl. 

Iiii|<eriid Htnuibu-il jx-ck iuid(?ill<itinio:L<urc<', uiiule fmiu 
the originnl pnlli'rns iis siipplicil by Ihu Intu Mr. Uiti' f'>r 
the Eiche>[uer. Loiidnn. 

IVeightd — lirass, B<i|id, to.; and circular siivcri'ii'u 
weights from lOii sovcroigris ilown to a hiilf-sovi'raigti, 

Ljuyo boll, in rruiiic. for Htutm-voHHiilM; and smull, in 

ScuttliM— liniss, and ship, filltol with Lockhutd's laitt'Ut 
lKTfnral,.d gl,.«™. 



636 



Class 22.--GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



Ukited 



[Bell and candlestick founding and making are under- 
stood, in the Birmingham trade, to go together. The 
operation of casting may be similar, but the composition 
of the two metals is exceedingly different, the one being 
hard, the other pliable and ductile. Bell-metal, though 
composed of two of the softest of metals, viz., copper and 
tin, when united in the proportion of four to one, forms a 
mixture easily broken and capable of producing sound. 
Small bells are cast in sand, those of a laige size are pro- 
duced in loam. 

Candlesticks are cast in sand, and made hollow by 
the introduction into the mould of what is called "a 
core," viz., a piece of sand corresponding in size to the 
hollow of the pillar. Upon his skill in making this, in 
such a manner as to produce uniform thickness of metal 
throughout, depends the success of the workman ; the 
metal must also be of a proper temperature, or the casting 
is rendered useless by the presence of flaws. Candlestick 
are finished by being turned, and polished by friction 
when in a state of motion in the lathe; the bottoms, when 
round, are also turned; when square, they are filed and 
polished. The composition of the metal, in this case, is 
copper and zinc, in the proportion of 16 ounces of the 
former to 8 ounces of the latter. 

Lockhead's patent glass is produced by a roller having, 
on its circumference, projections corresponding to the 
apertures intended, which is made to traverse the surface 
of the glass ; when in a molten state, an indentation is 
made for every projection, and the whole is finished by 
grinding, which removes the extra glass and relieves the 
apertures. It is useful for purposes of ventilation. — 
W. C. A.] 

350 DUGABD, WuLUJLM & Hbnrt, Upper Priory, 
Birmingham — Inventors and Manufacturers. 

Carriage'lamps, full, plain, and fancy, silver and gilt- 
mounted. Silver and gilt-moimted winker. 

Registered collar, fml silver-mounted : it requires no 
hames, and can be put on over the neck instead of the 
head. Collar with patent leather silver ornaments, and 
coat of arms. 

New pattern hames, plated on Qerman silver, and 
cased on iron. 

Improved pattern of hair horse-saddles, silver-mounted : 
and with fronts and rosettes. Silver-mounted saddle- 
top. 

Improved shaft-tugs, open and closed. 

Registered, brass-mounted, thiller cart-horse collar, 
" miniature." 



351 Hetherington, T., & Co., 28 Cannon Street, 
Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Circular chariot lamp, full silver mounted, with engraved 
glasses, and chased edges. 

Chariot five glass lamp, viz., two oval and three bent 
glasses, gilt, full silver mounted. 

The Albert chariot lamp, full silver mounted, with 
chased edges, and three stiuned and engraved glasses. 

The royal crown chariot lamp, full silver momited and 
chased, with engraved glasses. 

The IVince of Wales lamp, full silver moimted, with 
chased edges, and engraved glasses. 

The chariot lamp of Industry, full silver mounted. 

The chariot three-glass lamp, full silver mounted, with 
engraved front glass, side glasses stained, gilt and ena- 
melled. 



352 EvERiTT, A., & Son, Birmingham — Manufacturers. 

Brass tubes, for locomotive and marine boilers; copper 
and brass tubes, for gas, steam, &c. 

Specimens, showing the process of manufincturc of rolled 
metalit, and of bnuw and copper ^%nre. 



[Rolled metal (brass) is prodooed by melting the metal 
to be rolled in clay crucibles; when soffioiently melted, 
mixed, and fluxed, it is poured into iron Ingots, &c., 
which have been previously smeared with oil. After this, 
the " strip" is passed into the hands of the roller, who 
proceeds to what is technically called "break it down;^ 
then follows the process of reduction. The huge iron 
rollers used in the operation are fitted with serewa or 
appliances for bringing their surfiices in cIomt oontaot. 
The metal is annealed in muffles, scaled, and piekled 
(cleaned and washed in an acid solution), and in oettain 
cases where brightness is necessary, it is finidied by 
being passed through bright-rolls. — ^W. C. A.] 



353 Bolton, Thomas, Broad Street Metal Worke, 
Birmingham — Mannfhcturer. 

Sheet brass, German silver and copper. SpedmfSaa of 
the process of manu&cture of brass wire, round and 
shaped brass and copper wires, and of tubing. Bnas and 
copper tubing ; locomotive and mandril drawn tabing. 
Brass solder. 

[The metal of which brass wire is formed is cast in 
strips and rolled to the required thickness; it is then 
" slit " into square rods of metal by the operatkm of 
cylindrical rollers; the laiger sixes of wire have conMtB 
taken off by being passed through a pair of rolls ; the 
smaller sizes are at once passed through steel draw- 
plates. 

Brass or other tubes are formed from rolled metal, 
which is cut to the required breadth by means of re- 
volving discs ; in the laige sizes of tubes, the metal is 
partially curved in its leng^ by means of a pair of 
rolls ; when in this condition, it is pswed through a fltosl 
hole or a die, a plug being held in such a pootion as 
allows the metal to pass between it and the interior of 
the hole. Oil is used to lubricate the metal; the motion 
is communicated by power, the drawing apparatos being 
a pair of huge nippers, which holds the brass, and is 
attached to a chain which revolves around a windlaM or 
cylinder. The tube, in its unsoldered state, is amiealod, 
bound around at intervals of a few inches with iron 
wire, and solder and borax applied along the seam. The 
operation of soldering is completed by passing the tube 
through an air stove heated with " ookes^' or " breeaaB,** 
which melts the solder and unites the two edges of the 
metal, and forms a perfect tube; it is then inunened in a 
solution of sulphuric acid to remove the scaly deposit on 
its surface, the wire and extra solder having been pra- 
viously removed; it is then drawn through a "ftniabfay 
hole plate," when the tube is completed. 

Mandril drawn tubes, as the name indioates, are dmfm 
upon a very accurately turned steel mandril ; by thSa 
means, the internal diameter is rendered amooth; the 
tube formed by this process is well fitted fbr telsMopea, 
syringes, small pump-cylinders, &c. 

Brass solder is composed of almost eqoal qoantitias of 
copper and zinc; its properties should be that of melting 
at such a temperature as will allow the sriieKo to be 
soldered to be sufficiently heated, but yet sons dsgraes 
from melting point. Solder is always used in oonnseiion 
with borax, the cleansing properties of which ^ipssrs to 
fiaoilitate the fusion of the metal. — W. C. A.] 



354 



SouTTEB, William, 10 MarM Street, BimUi^ham— 
Manu&cturer. 
Copper-bronzed tea urns, and swing kettles. Bright 
copper-fluted coal vase, and round or oval kettles. 



KlVODOM. 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; O. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



637 



355 Hnx^ Joseph, Broad Street, Birmingham — 

Miinfanturer. 

Specunens of stamped ornaments, used in the manu- 
&eture of lamps, chandeliers, &c., made from sheet or 
rolled metal. 

The metal in its raw state, copper and spelter ; mixed 
and prepared for rolling ; rolled. 

Bough shells finished from the stamp; and from the 
soldering. 

Shells cleaned from the scale, by means of aquafortis, 
ready for burnishing. 

Su-li^t body uid arms, cleaned, burnished, and 
koqoered. 

Lamps in the finished state. 

[In these specimens, the oxidated or scaly appearance 
of the metal, when undergoing the process of manufacture, 
will readily be detected; the parts at which the soldering 
has been also made, are shown by the brightness of the 
•earn. The glassy appearance at this part, when un- 
cleansed, arises frx>m the use of the borax, which is em- 
ployed to protect that portion of the br^uu to be soldered, 
from becoming dirty ; it also acts as a flux, feu^tatlng 
the running of the solder. Inmiersioh in weak nitric 
acid effectually remores the scales, after which various 
strengths of the same acid are used until the articles are 
entirely cleansed; they are finally dried out in box saw- 
doat, and burnished. — W. C. A.] 



356 W 



», Samuel, Oxford Street, Birmingham — 
Manufacturer. 

of window cornices in stamped brass-foundir, 
with crimson and blue Telvet, wainscot and knotted oak, 
rosewood, and white enamel ground introduced. 

Impregnable wrought-iron&e-proof safe, of thick plates 
doTStsiled and rivet^ together. 

Wroug^t-iron fire-proof book-case. Wrought-iron fire- 
proof deed-box. 

Wronght-iron treasure chest for exportation, which can 
be taken to pieces for the convenience of land carriage. 

Wrought-iron fire-proof cabinet, japanned, and suited 
to the library, the dining-room, or the office. Fitted with 
(kftterill's patent climax detector locks. 

The above are all lined and filled with a non-conducting 
•obntance, which efiectually prevents the contents of the 
box or chest being iujureil by the heat, even should the 
<-»uter metal be exposed to a very high temperature. 



;J.'>7 LlX>TD, Gboroe B., BerkfUn Street Tube Works, 
Hinninghain — Manufacturer. 

Specimens of lap-welded iron tubes, as used in marine, 
locomotive, and other steam boilers ; the s^mio tubes with 
fittings for conveying gas and water; and for hydraulic 
preases. These tubes are produced by improved ma- 
chinery which ensures re|?ularity and accuracy of finish, 
and they can be made in any lengths not exceeding 15 feet. 



.3r>8 Thomas, R., Icknu'ld Works^ Birmingham — . 

Manufacturer. 

Brazil axes. American wedge axes, and hand hatchet. 
Shingling hatchets, assorted patterns. Cooper's adze and 
axe. Round and H<|uare eye adze. Mahogany stjuaring 
axe. English carpenter's axe. 

Eyed shell and screw auger. Double plane iron. Socket 
chisel. Trowel. Qun and hand harpoons. 

Improved grass shears; and a variety of garden tools, 
to screw into one handle. 

[The articles here exhibited illustrate the heavy steel 
''toy" trade of Birmingham. The manufacture of the 
axe UAed by the backwoodsman, of the hoe URe<l in the 
agriculture of the tropics, the pick used by the Caffirs of 
the Cape, and the harp<»oTi of the whalo-fiKher, gives em- 



ployment to many artizans in its vicinity. In order to 
convey a general idea of the process by which these 
articles are " got up," the manufacture of an ordinary 
axe may be selected. A piece of iron is taken, and 
after being heated, is doubled over a piece of steel cor- 
responding in form to the future eye which is to hold 
the shank; it is not then welded together. A small 
piece of steel which is intended to form the future cutting 
edge, is heated along with the iron back to a welding 
heat, and is passed under a tilt-hammer (that is, a large 
hamiuer driven by steam or water), which speedily 
flattens it out : it is then exposed to another heat, and 
the eye is completed with the small hammer. The 
superfluous iron or steel is removed at the edge by a 
pair of large scissors. The process of hardening and 
tempering follow; the grinding is performed on stones, 
which cuts away the iron and discloses the steel edge. 
The "glazing" on emery "bobs" or wheels succeeds, and 
the polishing is effected by means of oil and emery on a 
similai* tool. Considerable improvement in appearance 
is imparted by the use of a blue vamish which is applied 
to the axe, and drying in a small stove. "Toy" is a 
technical term applied to an anvil, a hammer, and various 
incongruous objects which are comprised under the 
"heavy steel trade," readily imderstood by the initiated. 
— W. C. A.] 

359 Tatlor, William, 13 Sheepcote Street, Birmingham 
— Inventor and Manufacturer. 

Original designs for nut-crackers, sugar-tongs, door 
knockers, and improved inside shutter ban. 



360 Wordsworth, John, Birmingham — Designer and 

Manufikcturer. 

Model of an economical kitchen range, intended for a 
close or open fire, and for curing a smoky chimney. By 
closing the oven dampers and opening the folding doors at 
the back of the range, it assumes the appearance of a com- 
mon oven grate with open fire. 



300a Kekrick, ARCHnsALD, & Sons, West Bromtcich, 
Staff ordsh ire — Manufacturers. 

Model of an enamelled tank or cistern, composed of 
cast-iron plates, screwed together with gutta percha joint. 

Model of enamelled water or gas-pipes, and water- 
closet pan, with trap-pipe ; dog trough, poultry trough, 
and spittoon. 

Cast-iron enamelled culinary vessels. Registered spit- 
toon. 

Casting of saucepan broken to show the thickness ; 
turned casting previous to being tinned or enamelled. 

Cast-iron butts and patent pivot butts with sections 
showing the construction. 

Frame pulleys; axle pulleys; castors; upright castors, 
side and screw pulleys. 

Casting, showing the mode of arranging nails in the 
mould or flask, by which a great number are produced at 
one operation. 

Specimen of enamelled plate and writing. 

[The application of enamel for the protection of water- 
cisterns, j)ipes, &c., from oxidation, and for the lining of 
cooking utensils, is of comparatively recent date. The 
various materials of which the coating is composed (silex 
being the principal) are reduced to a fluid state: the 
article to be coated is dipped in the mass; a portion of 
the fluid adheres; it is then subjected to the heat of a 
muffle, and the whole becomes vitrified or reduced into 
a glassy covering, affording an excellent defence against 
oxidation, and a substitute for the protectic)n affordefl by 
tinning. — W. C. A.] 



633 



Class 22.— GENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 To 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 29. 



''UXITKD 



361 Bkdinoton & ToNKS, Cheapside, Birmingham — 

BlanufiBcturere. 

Brum foimdry, kc,, consisting of butt, stop, and other 
variety of hinges. 

Ventilators, bolts, bell-cranks, pulleys, castors, chair- 
arms, picture, French pulley, espagniolette and stidr rods, 
desk rails, and window fittings. Exhibited for quality of 
worimianship and cheapness of production. 



362 EiMBERiXT, James, 56 & 57 Tt^e Street, 

Birmiiujham — Factor and Designer. 

Manufactured articles, in stamped brass foundry, of a 
useful and ornamental character. These consist of cur^ 
tain bands, cornice pole ends, ¥dndow cornices, cornice 
pole brackets, letter clips, miniature frames, letter racks, 
medallions, brooches, door furniture, finger door plates, 
bell pulls, &c. In these articles portraits and emblematic 
designs, illustrative of Shakspeare and his works, are 
inti^uced. 

363 MABRiAir, James Pratt, Slaney Street, Birmingham 

— Manufactuner. 

Specimens of brass scroll ornament; the centre finished 
in ''artistic bronze;" the outer compartments in Floren- 
tine bronjse. 

Specimens of naval brass foundry, consisting of ship- 
scuttles, &o. The grooves for the doors are fitted in some 
cases with cork, and in others with vulcanized India- 
rubber, to prevent the ingress of water. 

Qlaas deck lights, mounted in brass, with brass venti- 
lators. 

Qun-hole screw valves. Brass hinges. Ordnance metal 
pulleys, with anti-firiction rollers. Bracket candle lamp. 

Registered oil and hand lamps, for bracket or table. 



364 Bbisband, H., Howard Street, Birmingham — 

Manufiacturer. 
Specimens of mother-of-pearl and black pearl studs and 
buttons, of every description, from the smallest to the 
largest size known, eithor for use or ornament. Ladies' 
mother-of-pearl dress buttons, slides, and ornaments for 
dresses, &c. 

[Pearl-button making is thus practised : The blanks are 
cut out of the shell by means of a small revolving steel 
tube, the edge of which is toothed as a saw; after which 
they are flatted, or reduced in thickness, by splitting, which 
is aided by the laminar structure of the shell. At this 
stage, being held in a spring chuck, they are finished on 
both sides by means of a small tool : the drilling is effected 
by the revolution of a sharp steel instrument, which aottt 
with great rapidity. Ornamental cuttings are produced 
by means of small revolving cutters, and the final brilliant 
polish is given by the friction of rotten-stone and soft- 
soap, upon a revolving bench. — ^W. C. A.] 



365 Atom & Sow, 115, 116, & 117 Barford Street, 
Birmingham — ^Manufacturers. 

Specimens of circidar saws, uniform in thickness, tem- 
per, and teeth. 

Case of cari>enters' and joiners' tools, containing spe- 
cimens of hand-saws, back-saws, planes, Rqiinres, bevils, 
spokeshaves, gauges, saw-pads, tumscrews, brad-awls, 
spirit-levels, saw-sets, braces, bits, augers, gimlets, and 
edge-tools. Specimens of skates. 

[Saws are formed from plates of sheot steel, and are 
toothed not by hand but by means of a press and tools. 
Circular saws have the advantage of being divided in their 
teeth very accurately by means of a division plate; this 
prevents irregularity of size, and imparts smoothness and 
uniformity of action. The larger sizes of circular saws 
are made in segments, and connected together by means 



of dovetails. All saws are hanieniMl and tempered in oil; 
their irregularities are removed by hammering on blocks, 
and they are equalized by grindhig. The several forms 
of teeth do not, as the casual obeerver may imagine, de- 
pend upon taste, but are those best fitted for cutting 
through the particular section, quality, or hardness of the 
material to be cut. The " set " of the saw consists in 
inclining the teeth at the particular angle known to be 
the best to fiEunlitate the exit of the saw-dust, and thereby 
allow the saw to operate more tnelj. Iron bars, shaft- 
ings, &c., are cut to length by a steel circular saw, in ita 
soft state, the iron to be out being presented to the saw 
red hot; the saw rotates at a prodigious rate, and is kept 
in cutting condition, or cool, by its lower edge being im- 
mersed in water. A bar, two inches in diameter, is cut 
through in a few seconds. — W. C. A.] 



366 Wright, Peter, Constitution HiH, DtidU^^ 
Mflnufiacturer and Patentee. 

Vice, with patent solid box, the worm of which is cut 
out of solid iron and case-hardened, thereby rendering it 
as durable as steel. Smiths' anvil. 



367 Aston, John, 20 Dale End, Birmingham— 

Manu&cturer. 

Brushes principally for the stable department, including 
horse, water, hoof, spoke, dandy, shoe, doth, hair, car- 
riage, plate, dish, boot-top, harness, bit, dog, hat, &c. 
Some of the above tastefmly woriced in various devices 
with dyed bristles. Horse toppings and throat omamentn. 
A set of military brushes com^dete, with hone, shoe, 
cloth, hair, and button brushes. 



367a Aloock, Samuel, Bedditch, near Worcetter — 

Manufacturer. 

Artificial baits and flies. Superfine Kirfoy-bent and 
other hooks for angling. Silk and hair fly-lines and 
spring snaps. Plait silk and silk-twist lines. Plait hemp 
and cord lines. Fancy porcupine, cork, and quill floats. 

Oimp, swivels, and artificial minnows. Furniture line«, 
and a variety of other tackle. 

New ring fish hook, invented by the exhibitor, which 
enables an angler to fasten a fresh hook with Uie greatest 
ease, being perfectly safe, no tying whatever being ro- 
quired. 

368 Warden, J., jun.. Old Church Worh, Birmingham 

— Manu£M;turer. 

Springs, axles, &c. : — ^Waggon spring; gTMshopper spring. 
Cart arm ; the same with patent linchpin. Scotch axle. 
Axles, mail patent, long and short lx>lta. CoUinge's 
patent axle. 

Patent waggon arm, with brass oil oi^. Patent Scotch 
axles, with brass oil caps. Engineers* vice. Patent vice, 
with spherical washers. Vice, with solid braas box. 
Smiths anvil. Specimens of faggoted iron. 



370 Mapplebbck & Lowe, Birmingham— "Propneion, 

Cast-iron chimney-piece, brown oxide (new mode of 
bronzing), with Berlin black ornaments. 

Registered new pattern grate, with reverberating fire 
and ash-pnn, fender and fire-irons. 

Berlin black chimney-piece, with figiux» brackets. 

Black grate, with bright front and moulding, fender 
an<l fire-irons. Black register grate, with fender. 

ftight grate, bumiRhe<l steel and or-inolu omamcntj*. 
with pierced burnished steel fender. 

Bright grate, with or-molu ornaments, now ash-]»:in 
and fender, all of new patterns. 

Fine polished fire-irons, of various patterns and new 
designs. Light fancy pokers, and coal-vase ton^. 

Brown's improved patent economical cooking appara- 
tus, with automaton roasting jock, steaming apiiHnitiis, 
coffee rooster. Sec. Automaton jack, with^nit fnuue. 




■ w ■^.!!;v:f:^.\ '•^v■'■■ ,;■"!■: r:v-\" yi-i-sk;;. -ii^MiNi^BAM 




:• w initif:.,:' '■•■:;•-■]:■-, ■viwi.- wi.bks. BisHiNeEAM 



INCLUDING LOCKS AND GRATES. 
L. M. N. 0. 18 TO 20, & 25 to 27 ; 0. 9, & P. 3 to 2S. 



Supsrior opm fire cooking nage, with largo nven and 
lut cloMt, ■trong uroiiglit back bi)[Ier, wrought-iroD 
nasting fire, and doublo all bam, winiling cheek, elliptic 
drauglit-jdatM with bright mouldings, latchen, bands, 
and pjut-nckii, &c. 

ImproTcd mnoke-jiKk, with two Tsrtical luotioiu, and 
one borimntal. 

Open-top bnui box end beam, for weighing bullion and 
other artic-lM of TiJue, 

Small pillar ecalea for diinietuing medicine. 

Chamiita' counter iiciileH, bran boi end beam, with Bight 
bole dwek, open-top demi-turret Iuwib pillar, with glasa 
f jtoe ta l, ud orau ecaleii. Inverted weighing machine. 

Bnm atandard icaloe, hnuH boies, and end beamx, 
•oUd fatiM wei^t Holee, double braw crankn, and porce- 
Wb walea for prnvirion dealers. Solid brawi weiKhle. 

EDgineera' itocke and diea, fitted with regular and 
mMtarlap*,andtapwTenchee; aluo, with moveMble plates. 

~" ■ .■■-■- ngtubing, fitted with dies and 
■ ' ■' ■" i' ordinary work. 
ron onuunental 
head and foot rail, kc. 

Beritn black hall chain, Bronied brackotfl. Berlin 
black iron bamewithgUwuid sconce. Flower- pot stand. 

TotMCCo and cigar atand, and ink^tAnda, some with 



. tr; all B 

Self-acting spring tobacco box. Bn 

tbIts for hot and cold water. Cinder kIA 
Hodel of Brown's improved patent u 



■1 black. 






^ o fivnace, with Hedingtnn'a pa- 
This smoke coitsumer can be ap- 
1 to enclosed fire-places generally, in a nhort ipoca of 
I, and at little ezpeniie. 



371 PRTON k Harlow, Hu;nin.ii 
Hanitfoctiirers. 
Fatant tnimmd metalUc bedstemlii. 



-InveDtors ai 



, . braiB four- 
and nllars of taper imn-tubing ouied with brass 
mented pillars, with lienil and foot-mil. Iron foiu-' 
, with massive ptUsrs of tajier iron-tubing, head and 
rail, japnnned to cormdpiinii with suit* of papior 
k.c r..-»j«..». «*i.;i.:««<i 1..- u^....,... .T i^ .k,|„l w,^. 



iriJgr. Tliiy la 



Rihibitp<l l>v McKKM. J 




[In the articles here exhibited is introduced a method 
of casting together man; of the parts, such ns the head 
and foot rails, the block or dovo-tails on to the comsr 
of the posts, and the correspondiiig portion which fits 
:m to the njif;Ie-iron, an<l forms the ades, head, nnd foot 
if the bed. This mothoil of costing together consists in 
lajing the various pieces of iron rodding from which the 
rails are to be formed, into caxt-iron nioiilds, ornamental 
ntaglio impresaioiui or cavitiea being lelt immediately 
under; when the mould is closed, n connection is mods 
with these eitemall; by means of on aperture; the melted 
metal is poured in, and a Jimctinn is effedad. The pro- 
duction of taper tube pillnn in eSectoil by passing the 
" turned up" and nolderod tube through a pair of rolls, 
whose external diameters are tntvensed b; a groove pro- 
portioned to the taper to be produced ; the tube inter- 
nally is supporte<l by a mandril.— -W, C. A.] 

372 PowEU., John, Knf W/wfoir — Inventor and 
Manufacturer. 
Windsor portable economical oven, for baking over the 
tnp of the Bre, and leaviu^ the front for other purposes. 

S73 AViNPlELn,R.W.,Oiin'H-i/.K-S(. Wm-Iis, Binai«-ilin«i, 
and 1+1 Hivt .llnvl — Paleutuo & Manufiicturer. 

Plain and omA-uncntal cased and patent tubes, parallel 
and taper, tlie latter drawn by a [latent process. 

[These tnper tubes differ from all otliom in the manner 
in which they are produced, vii. by being drawn at an 
ordinary draw bench, tliiii peculiarity arising from the 
uec of aduciile metal tool thnxigii which tlie soldered case, 
placed upon tlio mandril (whether reeded, flutiid, octagon. 
&c.), is drawn. Twisted or Bpitnl tubes can bo produced 
by Uie same method. This niethud was first aihipted by 
Mr. John Wanl, one of the workmen in connection with 
the works.— W. C. A.] 

Wire and rolled nictalrt. Stnir nnd carpet rod", bending- 
.■lijis. and n-tniis'ls. Ititb-metal -.ildtT nf voriou" size«. 
TuWb of viu-i.in:< m.-ful,i. f-.r li«.-.mi<.(ivo and other pur- 
piwes. rirtiire iiiji.k-. r.idfl, and brnckets. I'la' 



rle<1 c 






[Tlie latent .ipplit-nlion of glasiritl 

avea, nnd fruit t<> KtniujH.'d limssl 

■ry difumtion- 



.ifblna 



id ninre 
-teil by 
.Mr. W. C. Aitli,!ii.] 

Patent glass and other iit,im]>il 1ii':ms ciu-tiiin-baii'Is nnd 

]Hilo-«nds. r'oniico-]>n]a anil iinliiin ring-. Ktnnipod 

linws window-cnrtiicfx. l{<~„'iMleri-iI glum nii'l other lettor- 

luilances. Prawn and fithil liroMi l«rs nurl mi-nlilingsfbr 

tduhe* and sIio|)-fr> aits. llniMnnnie. door, and hIhII Ihwi) 

plates._ Varinur" H)Ht'imenH irf' iKiti-nt and registervd 

lutallie liedstenilii, luid criln, or <'hildnii*s cots. 

Two omainentid r..t« ftir cUhlnii in brass. In the one, 

he figure of n giinrdiaii nngi'l at tbn hisul su)ii>i>i-ts the 

iirtain. In the ntlier, tin- style «f which is Iiim vIiilHirate 

lid more ■iliiplf. the ciii'lain linup* from a wmil. Tliese 

IV liirth shown in theaccomiKUiyingcuhiured lithi^nvph. 

[AiniiiijT nthrr imiirovcnmils, iiitriHliKiil inin tlw! nia- 

ufaeturi' r>f nu.taDic lH'd,>t.'arls, is llie .<r,ntinii"iis pillnr. 

lerly it wni minl.> in (wu ],U->v^, nnd j-iulfd n 



.lid 1.... 






by this .-. 



Irmi FivTii-h Isil'ti-ad. nitli iiiii" 
tnlly j.i|«tiiu'd. with Ii 
n Fn'U^'h. JB]hiiiiic<i. >>.rtii's of j-iltiir 



in*. llniHi nrmclisir, ihimIi' |Hirtali 
niltiu'u. Dram lslil>,s with nuiri'li- 
•H,l. l^itcnt ami niH^ti-rvil L'Ss-biim 
[The niii>Ut'ntioiis of a {H-rfunittil i 
nirtiiin of argnnd linnii'r-" oiit of si 
le U:w .,f enam.'ll.'d gl.vs lu. a nllectt 



Iliiti-I 



lubn H.i 



Class 22.— OENERAL HARDWARE, 
L. M. N. O. 18 TO 20, & 25 tu 27 ; O. 9. & P. ; 



TO 2ft. 



Bronmd cas cliiuidelier with pai-iiui flgurea. 

Artjstic brouied bracket, for gas, with parinn figure 
kjid flowers. 

Oaa chandelier of the Btylo of PrancLfl 1., with parian 
Sgurea (suspended from rm onuuuenliJ brackot). 

Bronzed gaa diandelier in the Elizabethan atjle, with 
farnamental enamelled ahadea. Thene chandeliare are 
Irepreseuted reHpectivcly in the coloured Uthographa 
Vhich aceoinpuiy thin pago. 

Qas ehandulior witli birds and figures. These articlea 
Km reKJntered. OmomeatAl hall lunp with etched glaae 
(after the antique). 

[Bthsb cnatinga are prodaced in smd by meana of 
pottenu. The Timi?"g of these patterns, or luodeU, is a 
Work involving no email amount of skiU and knonledge; 
the simpler Idnda an made b; the ordinary workmen ; 
but in cases where figures, foliage, or animala are intro- 
duced, the eye and the hand of the artiat become necee- 
baiy. The object is firvt designed, then modelled in WKx; 
ft cast in lend is formed, it lb then cast in brasa and 
chased : this forma the pattern, or model, for the caster. 

Ordinary globular or simple fonua are rotdily copied ; 
but when the human figure, animnla, or foliage is iutro- 
dooed, the difSoulty is increased. The castings can only 
be effected by means of {Use coreing, viz., hanging 
jiieCfiB of Band, which arc made up and lifted out in solid 
portiODs before the mode! can be removed, and which 
thereafterare Bgun introduced. An ordinary plaster cast, 
nith the seams Upon it, if ciamincd, will best oxplnin the 
tneaning of every square or compartment marked thereon, 
Knd shows when a core has been in a metal casting. To 
pot tbe sand in a condition to produce a finer impreesion, 
powdered charcoal is dusted upon it, the cores being 
introduced, the moulds closed having been previously 
dried, and runners made for the introduction of the 
metal (which is usu^ly melted in earthen or clay crucibles, 
knd in an air furnace, the fuel used being coke), follow, 
•nd complete tbe operation.— W. C. A.] 

Table-stands for gaA, mtited for fiexible tubes with 
figures, emblematic of the arts, science, and industry. 

Moveable gaa-atonda, with [larian figures and Bowen. 

Bronze candelnbrum; the blue contnina ntedallioun 
emblematic of poetry, philosophy, and muKic, and is aur- 
tnounted by figures of Art, Science, and Industry. 

A four-post brass bedstead clothed in green silk, the 
tnetol woiic in the renaisBiince style, with figures, fohage, 
And scroll-work introduced. 



374 GoaroN, ObObce, Birming/iam — Ini'entor 
ManufacturBr. 
Drawing-room grate, with plate-glass front and 

ornaments. Steel-fender, with or-molu orn 

Dining-room grate. Onuunentsl cast-iron fender, steel 
tuouldiugs and support i with fire ironl. Registered designs. 



378 Keeh, G. J., 



O Cravfard SIrart, Murylcbone— 



379 Ahdbbwm, H. p., 2 Xorlh SirertMivt, Tottnhnm 
Court itiKid — Inventor, Mftnufscturer, S; Proprietor. 

An emigrant's stove and general cooking apparatus. 
Meat screen and reflector; the reflector may also be used 
for browning pastry and other artJcles. 

380 OoDDARD, Hkkrt, Natliiujiiam — Manufacturer. 
Patent domestic cooking apparatus. Its object is a 

gre«it amount and variety of uses at one time with a 
■mall fire: the hotplate is formed by die entire top of 
the apparatus. 



381 Wakefield, FftAMCis, Shermod Inm-Worla, 
JU-m,'fielJ — Designer and Hanufaotorer. 
The Great Western cooking apparatus- 
Sherwood range ; having a common oven, an Dpper ono 

fur baking pastry, &c., and a steam cleeet, for preparing 

nuKt, v^^etables, fto. This tangs is ^own in tiui cut. 

which is a ftont elevmtion of it, and re